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See Volume XXXVI, May Number, 
for Index to Volume XXXV. 


— ' 



Annual Meeting 1 

Missouri, Iowa and Michigan Confer- 
ences 1 

The Late ex-President, James H. Fair- 
child 2 

Oberlin College and Greek Fraternities.. 3 

President Fairchild to President White. . 3 

Rev. M. E. Strieby, D. D. 4 

The Lamp of Pure Motives 5 

The Cause of Reform in India 7 

Daniel Webster (Portrait) 9 

Webster's Letter , 9 

A Methodist Pastor on Secretism 10 

Three Links Snapped 11 

The Obligation of Chastity 11 

Reply to Dr. Hunt's Criticism of Anti- 
Masons 11 

The Root Idea of Life Insurance 12 

Interesting Biography Promised 13 

Jeff Davis 13 

A Glimpse of Scotch Rite Masonry 14 

In Memoriam— Albert Pike 10 

Visit Albert Pike's Grave 17 

General Albert Pike 18 

Is Freemasonry Anti-Christian? Review 

of Pike's "Morals and Dogma" 18 

Do Devils Inspire People? Suggested by 

Albert Pike's Book 20 

Albert Pike's Wife 22 

A Methodist Woman Speaks Confiden- 
tially 23 

New Side Degree — Illustrated 24 

Initiation May Cause Death. Modern 
Woodman Not Expected to Recover. ... 21 

Chief Initiator Instantly Killed 24 

Hurt at Lodge Initiation 24 

Incorporate Modern Aztecs 25 

A Sense of Dependence Necessary 23 

Secrecy. By Rev. H. A. Day 25 

A Striking Summary. By Joseph Cook. . 25 
James Neill Balks at Initiation. He Tore 

Off the Elks' Blindfold 26 

The Elks Defended. 27 

Wants Masons to Bury Him. To Be Sent 

to the "Grand Herd Above" 29 

Shall I Join the Church? (From Congre- 
gational "Wellspring") 29 

News of Our Work 30 

New England Association — New Building 30 
The Bissell Case. Decision Nebraska Su- 
preme Court 33 

Obituaries 37 

Correspondence on Freemasonry. Between 
"Morning Call" and Rev. Wester-vert, 

concluded 38 

Voices from the Lodge 42 

Index to Vol. XXXIV 44 

Wheaton College 


Classical, Latin Scientific, Literary and English Scientific courses four years each, 
leading to the degree A. B. Preparatory courses, leading to each of the above, 
four years each, Students fitted for other colleges East and West. Courses in 
Music and Art require from two to five years according to the proficiency of the 
student. Commercial and Stenographic Courses completed in five to six months 
by wide-awake students. One of the best Gymnasiums in the State, thoroughly 
equipped. Five Literary Societies doing good work. Special attention paid to 
Elocution and Oratory. Graduates of the College leading mem in their respec- 
tive professions. Expense^ moderate. Students admitted any time in the term 
Registration for Winter Term begins Monday, Jan. 6th, at 2 o'clock. Send for 
catalogue if you desire further information. CHAS. A. BLANCHARD, Pres. 

Commencement Day, Thursday, June 26, 1902. 

"Jesus answered him, — I spake openly to the world; and in secret have I said nothing." John 18:20. 


CHICAGO, MAY, 1902. 


The Christian Cynosure. 

Official Organ of the National 
Christian Association. 


221 West Madison St., Chicago. 

Entered at the Postoffice, Chicago, 111., as second 
•class matter. . - 


Of the National Christian Association, May 
15th, 1902. 

The annual meeting of the National 
Christian Association will occur on 
Thursday, May 15, 1902, at 10 
o'clock a. m., in the Chicago Ave- 
nue (Moody) Church, on Chicago 
avenue, between Wells and Clark 
streets, for the election of officers, and 
the transaction of other important 

Charles A. Blanchard, President. 

Nora E. Kellogg, Rec. Sec. 

Among the speakers expected at the 
annual meeting will be President Blanch- 
ard, Rev. J. P. Stoddard of Boston, Rev. 
Samuel H. Swartz, ex-President National 
Christian Association ; Rev. William S. 
Jacoby, an ex-Knight Templer; Miss 
Mary L. Moreland, Rev. H. John Mc- 
Clements, Rev. F. N. Eldridge, Rev. W. 
B. Stoddard of Washington, Rev. J. 
Groen of Grand Rapids, Mich., and oth- 
ers. These Conferences have always 
been fruitful of good. At the last one a 
lodge member was present and became 
very angry, but as a result of that meet- 
ing he was led to renounce his unholy 
alliances and is now a Spirit-filled man 
and superintendent of a large Sabbath 

school and active in every good work. 
Pray for the annual meeting. It may be 
a real blessing to some souls. 

Our annual meeting and conference 
takes place this year in the Chicago Ave- 
nue (Moody) Church on May 14th and 
15th. The President of the National 
Christian Association, Rev. Charles A. 
Blanchard, D. D., will, preside. 

The Moody Church is on Chicago ave- 
nue between Clark and Wells streets. 
The cable car on Clark street takes one 
w r ithin one block of the church. 


The Conference on Secretism on April 
28th and 29th, at Unionville, Missouri, 
will be reported by Secretary W. B. 
Stoddard in the June Cynosure, since it 
was impossible to receive the report in 
time for this number. 


Arrangements for a two days' Confer- 
ence on the relation of Secret Social Or- 
ganizations to the Church of Jesus Christ 
have been made for Glidden, Carroll 
County, Iowa (on the Chicago & North- 
western railway), on May 24th and 25th 
or four addresses 

President Blanchard will give three 


You are invited to a conference on the 
relation of secret societies to the salva- 
tion of men, by the church and congrega- 
tion of Rev. J. I. Fles, of Muskegon, 
Mich. The date is May 21st and 22d. 
The first session will begin Wednesday 
evening, May 21st, in the above-named 
church. It is hoped that Rev. J. P. Stod- 
dard, of Boston, who is now in the West, 


May, 1902. 

will remain over and speak at this Con- 
ference. Let all who are interested ad- 
dress Rev. W. B. Stoddard, 221 West 
Madison street, Chicago. 




Among the great and good men that 
Oberlin has produced and who have in 
turn given character to that institution, 
none has been more truly loved and hon- 
ored than the late ex-President Fairchild. 
Coming here in 1834, he entered the first 
Freshman class and graduated in 1838. 
He was successively student, tutor, pro- 
fessor and president, and in every posi- 
tion he achieved marked success. As an 
author and theological teacher he did 
much to give to Oberlin its religious 
character. He was a most positive Chris- 
tian and hence an all-round reformer; 
and yet, such was his inherent kindliness 
and gentleness of spirit that he was less 
aggressive than his great predecessor, 
Rev. Charles G. Finney. Still, he never 
swerved from his convictions, nor failed 
to declare what he believed to be the 
whole counsel of God. 

His convictions and testimonies on the 
subject of secret societies were of the 
most positive character. For a good 
many years he not only gave his spoken 
and written testimony on this question, 
but was accustomed to give the students 
an annual address on the lodge system. 

A few weeks before his death his at- 
tention was called to the growing world- 
liness of Oberlin Christians and to the 
extent to which theater-going, dancing 
and card-playing had come to prevail. 
This he greatly deplored but said he was 
too old and feeble to engage in an ag- 
gressive warfare against these practices. 

The following are some of President 
Fairchild's testimonies on the lodge sys- 
tem : "The very idea of a secret combi- 
nation implies a barbarous age or a state 
of social anarchy in which such arrange- 
ments are neecssary for safety. There is 

no place for it in a Christian civiliza- 

At the Ohio State Convention of the 
National Christian Association, held Feb. 
17th and 18th, 1875, i n Smith's Opera 
Hall, in the city of Mansfield, President 
Fairchild gave an address, of which Rev. 
J. P. Stoddard, General Secretary, said : 
"He thrust them through and through 
with javelins of truth from the Bible and 
with statements from their own records. '* 

The minutes of that convention give 
the following synopsis of President Fair- 
child's address as published in the Cyno- 
sure of March 4, 1875 : 

"Causes which attract to and retain 
young men in the lodge. 1st. Personal 
advantages : (a) Dangerous and mis- 
chievious ; (b) damages personal charac- 
ter ; (c) has no science, its only theme is 
secrecy ; (d) enslaves the mind ; confuses 
the mind as to what is right and what is 
wrong ; (e) deadens the conscience ; (f) 
unfavorable to a delicate sense of honor ; 
(g) contrary to principles of true honor, 
and (h) encourages a false feeling of de- 
pendence. 2d. Social Privileges : Harmful 
tendencies on social life: (a) Takes men 
out of the family, the neighborhood, the 
church ; (b) instead of extending broth- 
erhood it contracts it; (c) injures wives, 
mothers and children ; (d) cannot endure 
discussion, and grows impatient and ill- 
tempered ; (e) a disturber of the natural 
order in business and society. 

"These are the regular operations. But 
there are reasons for believing that there 
are irregular operations of great injus- 
tice. It defeats justice. Engenders sus- 
picion. Unsettles confidence, and has 
evil tendencies in great number." 

Among the signers for the call for the 
Ohio Convention at Mansfield, at which 
President Fairchild spoke against the 
lodge, was President Charles G. Finney. 
When signing the call he said, "He 
would be willing to sign it ten times if it 
were the last act of his life." 

Another interesting incident in con- 
nection with this convention was the ap- 
pearance before the Convention of Rev. 
Henry Coggswell, of Mansfield, Ohio, 
who was a Royal Arch Mason, and there 
read his first renunciation, as follows : 

"Mr. President and members of this 

May, 1902. 


convention, together with all Masons 
present and the entire fraternity of Free 
and Accepted Masons at large, 

"I do hereby renounce forever the in- 
stitution of Free and Accepted Masons; 
and disavow, disclaim, and disallow all 
duties, obligations, penalties and impre- 
cations heretofore taken, imposed, con- 
sented to or promised — past, present and 
future, known or to be known, communi- 
cated or anticipated. 

"And henceforth hold myself amen- 
able only to the conventional rules of the 
great fraternity of human society, and 
to the laws of my country and of my God. 
Henry Coggswell." 


Oberlin Faculty of 1874. 

We have views on the subject, but no 
secret societies and no experience. The 
early founders of the school were decid- 
edly opposed to secret societies, and the 
principle was adopted at the beginning 
of excluding them. Consequently no se- 
cret society has ever been established 
among us. The views of our Faculty on 
this question are just as decided as ever. 
In behalf of the Faculty, 

John Morgan, 
James Dascomb, 
Jas. H. Fairchild. 


Oberlin, O., Oct. 19, 1881. 

My Dear Sir — The regulation of 
Oberlin College excluding secret socie- 
ties, has never, so far as I am aware, 
worked to the disadvantage of the col- 
lege, but, as we all believe who have had 
responsibility in its affairs, has proved 
most wholesome and profitable. . 

I have been connected with the college 
during all its history, and have never 
heard from any source a word of com- 
plaint as to the prohibition of secret so- 
cieties among the students. 

The rule was introduced at the first 
organization of the school. I was a 
young student at the time and have no 
knowledge of the special views on the 
subject of those concerned in the organ- 

ization, but the rule has been maintained 
because we believe that secret societies 
are unhappy in their influence upon col- 
lege discipline, giving opportunities and 
occasions for combinations among the 
students against good order and the best 
administration of affairs — that they are 
unhappy in their influence upon the per- 
sonal character of the students, beget- 
ting false ideas and methods of influence 
and power, and making demands upon 
their time and interest without any ade- 
quate return. They can absorb all the 
attention which students can afford for 
society work and prevent the prosperity 
of any but secret societies. In our col- 
lege we have three open societies among 
the young men of the college classes, all 
prosperous and vigorous. Secret socie- 
ties often bring in outside influences, I 
think, to disturb more or less the admin- 
istration of affairs. 

These are among the reasons which 
have influenced us in our position, but 
the question is so fully settled with us, 
and so naturally that I do not remem- 
ber that we have ever formally consider- 
ed it. Some of our Faculty have been 
connected with secret societies in East- 
ern colleges, yet I do not remember ever 
to have heard from one of them a sug- 
gestion unfavorable to the attitude of 
this college on that subject. Fraternally, 

James H. Fairchild. 

To President E. E. White, Purdue 


The late President Fairchild, whose 
benevolent looking portrait beams on us 
this month from the cover page of The 
Cynosure, took up the book, the. "Pio- 
neer Preacher," for an hour's scanning 
one evening, but did not lay it down until 
the finish at 2 o'clock in the morning! 

Our readers can obtain a copy of this 
book from The Cynosure office, post- 
paid, for one dollar. 

Charles Kingsley's receipt for being 
miserable is as follows : "Think about 
yoaiself, about what you want, what re- 
spect people ought to pay to you, and 
what people think of you, and you will 
have abundance of misery." 


May, 1902. 


(Editor's Note: The late Dr. Strieby, for many 
years Corresponding- Secretary of the American 
Missionary Association, addressed a letter to a 
Committee of the National Christian Association, 
dated New York,, April 30, 1888, an extract from 
which is given below.) 

"I believe that secret societies are do- 
ing great injury to the colored people in 
the South. They waste the money and 
the time of those who can ill afford to 
lose either, and they divert their atten- 
tion from the work of the church and the 
service of Christ to what is, to say the 
best of it, frivolous and useless. This 
association has guarded very carefully 
against sending men into its work who 
are adhering members of secret lodges, 
and it has declined the services of many 
a man who would otherwise have ren- 
dered to us valuable service. Perhaps 

we have sometimes relaxed our vigilance, 
not from any want of interest in the mat- 
ter, but from sheer oversight. When we 
have found that this has been the case, 
we have endeavored faithfully to present 
our views on the subject. 

"Your suggestions that we tighten our 
lines a little, that we instruct those in 
our service to give information to those 
under their care, respecting the evils of 
secret societies, and that we withhold our 
support from churches whose members 
waste their money in the secret lodges, 
are all in the line of what I believe to be 
the honest purpose of .our Executive 
Committee, and I shall be disappointed 
if it shall not so vote. * . * * 

"In the meantime accept assurances of 

May, 1902. 


personal regard and of interest in your 
work. Very sincerely yours, 

(Signed) ' "M. E. Strieby. 



The words of the Master, "The light of 
the body is the eye," have a deep signifi- 
cance. The eye is the most distinguish- 
ing and soul-revealing organ of the body. 
It is more nearly related to the soul than 
any other. Phrenologists can give much 
information concerning the man's pro- 
pensities and capacities by examining the 
skull. But there are certain animals hav- 
ing a cranium so nearly like man's that 
it cannot be distinguished. But it is not 
so with the eye. The eye of an ox is 
large, liquid and soft, it is not intelligent, 
responsible, human. The old Greeks 
compared their Olympian god to this an- 
imal, "the ox-eyed Juno." But there is 
not the idea of law, of authority, of duty, 
of futurity, in the eye of this animal. A 
faithful dog or a patient ox do not have 
man's eye. 

The eye of the Hottentot or Esqui- 
mau may be dull through ignorance, 
but, yet, an intelligent, rational soul 
gleams and flashes and beams and radi- 
ates in the eye of either. 

The eye is not simply the organ of vis- 
ion. It is the light of the body ; not only 
does the light pass through it, but it is 
allied with the light. It is flesh and blood, 
but not in the sense that the hands and 
feet are. Its crystalline lenses, its watery 
humor, its silvery covering, make it semi- 
etherial and spiritual. Plato long ago 
said, the eye must be partly solar and 
luminous else it could not receive the 
light. It has affinities for and correspond- 
ence with the light. The word used by 
the Master involves this — it is a lamp — 
the lamp of the body, is the eye. It is a 
candle within a transparency. All' is light 
while the candle burns. All is dark when 
the candle goes out. The eye illuminates 
the body, this muddy vestment of decay, 
this dark, opaque frame of human flesh, 
is made light by the eye. "If thine eye 
be single thy whole body shall be full of 
light, having no part dark, as when the 
clear shining of a candle doth give thee 

Our Lord did not mean to teach optics, 
and yet his teaching here as elsewhere, is 
found to correspond perfectly with the 
latest discoveries in science. Just before 
using this symbol He had insisted upon 
entire devotion to the unseen and eter- 
nal kingdom, its interests and concerns 
must have undivided attention. "Lay not 
up for yourselves treasures upon earth, 
where moth and rust doth corrupt, and 
where thieves break through and steal. 
But lay up for yourselves treasures in 
heaven, where neither moth nor rust doth 
corrupt, and where thieves do not break 
through nor steal. For where your treas- 
ure is, there will your heart be also." 

Devotion to the spiritual kingdom 
must be single and exclusive. Just after 
this symbol He presents this duty of en- 
tire devotion ima striking way. "No man 
can serve two masters. For either he will 
hate the one and love the other, or else 
he will hold to the one and despise the 
other. Ye cannot serve God and mam- 

Now between these two comes the les- 
son taught by the figure of the eye of 
the body. And what He says is this, — 
what the clear, luminous, crystalline eye 
is to the body, that, pure, sincere and sin- 
gle motives are to the soul. 

Such Pure Motives Are the Lamp of the Soul. 

ist. In that they relieve us from doubt 
as to the path of duty. There is a dis- 
tinct class of duties clearly defined in 
God's Word. About these there can be 
no question. They are written so plainly 
that he that readeth may run and tell the 
message. There is also a distinct class of 
sins forbidden, about which there can be 
no question. In either case the only 
question is : What saith the law ? How 
readest thou? The Roman Catholic 
priesthood has extended these two lists 
almost indefinitely, giving catalogues of 
the required and the forbidden, intended 
to cover every real or supposable case. 
But the Scriptures leave a large territory 
between the precepts and prohibitions 
without specific direction, and the be- 
liever is expected to use the lamp of pure 
motives in determining in each case the 
course he should pursue. For example, 
a man proposes to change his residence 
from one house to another, or to change 
from one line of work to another. Now, 



May, 1902. 

there is nothing either right or wrong in 
either change considered in themselves. 
He can stay where he is or move to an- 
other locality, 'he can follow his present 
line of work or take up another, and no 
sin is involved in either case. How then 
is he to determine the path of duty ? Is it 
for the glory of God? Is it that I can 
better serve my fellow men? Is it 
that my life may be more efficient for the 
kingdom? Are these my motives for 
making the changes? They will make 
them virtues. 

Take this illustration, a young man is 
called to decide what he will follow in 
life. Shall he be a farmer, a mechanic, 
a manufacturer, a merchant, a lawyer, a 
physician, or shall he be a clergyman? 
There is nothing wrong in any of the 
above callings per se, and there is nothing 
holy in the business of a preacher in it- 
self. How then is he to settle the ques- 
tion? Appeal must be made to his mo- 
tives. In which of these can he best 
glorify God? For which is he best 
adapted by gifts, inclination, connection 
and adaptation ? The place he can fill best 
is the one God meant him to occupy. But 
I presume our greatest difficulty arises 
in adjusting our relations and obligations 
to sinful society. 

The question of eating meat that had 
been offered to idols was raised in the 
apostles' day. Paul said, an idol is noth- 
ing, there can be no harm in eating meat 
offered to idols. In this a Christian has 
perfect liberty. "But if eating meat cause 
my weak brother to offend, then I must 
refrain for his sake. I will neither eat 
flesh nor drink wine nor do anything 
whereby my brother stumbleth or is of- 
fended or made weak." 

This principle is far reaching. I am 
asked : "Would you play a game of bil- 
lards?" I answer, "A game of billiards is 
a purely scientific amusement, just like 
chess. It is purely a matter of skill. In 
itself it is innocent and harmless. But 
the billiard table is in bad company, it is 
associated with gambling dens and 
liquor saloons. It is in the devil's service 
and with the devil it must go. 'Come out 
from among them and be ye separate and 
touch not the unclean thing, and I will 
receive you,' saith the Lord of hosts." 

I am asked, "Would you go to a thea- 

ter and witness a good, clean, moral 
play?'' I answer: "Such a play in itself 
is not hurtful, but such a play is inter- 
spersed with several others that reek with 
the pollution of the bottomless pit. The 
experience of a moral theater has proven 
a failure. The public will not sustain it. 
The theater as an institution is a world- 
ly and corrupt affair. The best actors 
confess that its influence on morals is 
bad and they do not want their children 
to be exposed to its seductions. The ex- 
posure of the human form divine on the 
stage is an affront to God, whose temple 
the body is. The ways of the theater 
take hold of hell. If our Lord were here 
in the flesh we know He would not go to 
the theater, and we know just as well that 
He would go to the house of God for 
public worship, and to the social prayer- 
meeting, and to the house of distress to 
minister to the needy. And He says to 
us, 'Follow me.' " 

I am asked, "Would you join a Good 
Templar lodge or a Labor Union, or a 
fraternal insurance Legion of Honor, or 
a College Greek fraternity?" I answer, 
"There is a distinction between the gilt- 
edged and the guilty-edged lodges. The 
Masons and Odd Fellows and Knights of 
Pythias are much more accentuated in 
evil than the ones mentioned above, an^ 
the Mafia, the Clan-Na-Gael and the An- . 
archists are much more deeply imbued in 
crime than the second list, but all are 
part of the kingdom of darkness and 
stand in antagonism to the kingdom of 
light. If the younger generation were 
not trained in these minor schools of 
lodgery, the older generation would not 
be so abandoned to the blackness of 
darkness in the baser sort of lodges. 

I am asked, "Would you have unfer- 
mented wine served on your table?" I 
answer, "There is no more harm in drink- 
ing the pure juice of the grape than in 
eating grapes. But since the drink habit 
is such a widespread and deadly curse, 
the only safe course for the faithful and 
true witness to follow is to abstain abso- 
lutelv from the use of wine as a bever- 


The pure motive settles every such 
question of casuistry. " Whether, 
ye eat or drink, or whatsoever ye do, 
do all to the glory of God." The man 

May, 1902. 


may err in judgment betimes, but that is 
an error of the head and not of the heart. 
"And if there be a willing mind, it is ac- 
cepted according to that a man hath and 
not according to that he hath not." The 
pure motive will guide the man safely 
as a rule. It is the candle of the Lord 
in his soul. Make the tree good and the 
fruit will be good. 

Truth. Is Discerned. 

2nd. In that it frees him from doubt 
as to what is truth. Ever since Pilate 
asked the question, "What is truth ?" the 
claims of divine truth have been chal- 
lenged. It would seem that eighteen 
centuries of history ought to establish the 
claims of Christianity. The fact that 
there are 250,000,000 copies of the Word 
of God in 300 languages and parts of the 
Bible in 600 languages spoken by nine- 
tenths of the human family, that there 
are seven thousand ordained missionaries 
and fifty thousand native helpers in the 
field and the church gives $19,000,000 
annually for missions and has 3,000,000 
native converts, oug'ht to put Christianity 
beyond dispute. But men will doubt and 
those who accept Christianity so far as 
it accords with natural religion, repudiate 
the doctrine of the Trinity, of the Atone- 
ment, of the new birth, of the plenary 
inspiration of the Scriptures. The only 
effective antidote to this skepticism is the 
sympathetic emotion of the new motive 
of the new creature. 

Let us take only a single illustration, 
the doctrine of total depravity and eternal 
punishment of sin. There is no doctrine 
of Revelation more frequently or bitterly 
assailed. It is the scene of perpetual con- 
flict. Does the denial of it tend to 
promote God's glory? It is taught in 
both Old and New Testaments. It is so 
interwoven with the fabric of divine truth 
that to tear it out would be to mutilate 
and destroy the Revelation. To destroy 
sin, the Son of God Himself came to this 
world, assumed our nature and died upon 
the cross. W T ould it glorify God to say 
that sin is not so deadly an evil that 
such stupendous means were necessary 
to destroy it? Would it glorify God to 
mutilate His holy word? I trow not. 
^Let God be true and every man a liar." 

Lay This Rule Alongside the Lodge. 

Now, let this be applied to the lodge. 

Is it honoring to God to have His word 
cut and carved and dismembered and 
amputated, ' as the lodges do? Is it for 
God's glory to have the sacred ordinance 
of the oath debased by its profane use, 
by adding s'hocking and barbarous im- 
precations, by having unclean men ad- 
minister and receive it? Is it honoring 
to God to have Pagan, Mohammedan, 
Jew, skeptic and Christian unite in a 
form of worship that is a medly of all 
these religions? Is it honoring to God 
for Christians to give their time and 
money and energy and influence that 
should be entirely devoted to the home, 
dhurch and State to these lodges that are 
always under a cloud of darkness. Is it 
honoring to God to have His divine insti- 
tution of civil government undermined 
by the secret conclaves of 6,000,000 of 
her men, a part of whose lives is spent on 
territory not open to the inspection of the 
civil authorities? 

The clear, transparent, crystalline eye 
of the soul, the pure, sincere, single mo- 
tive of the true Christian answers at 
once and with solemn emphasis, No! 
"The light of the body is the eye, if 
therefore thine eye be single thy whole 
body shall be full of light, but if thine 
eye be evil, thy whole body shall be full 
of darkness." 



To judge by appearances, the cause 
the Cynosure stands for, has very little 
advocacy in this land. The evil associa- 
tions of Masonry especially are generally 
admitted, but few there are indeed who 
think it well to say anything against se- 
crecy. Some time since a minister Who 
is a Mason emphatically declined to at- 
tend lodge because of the membership 
therein of immoral characters. But this 
same minister could not be persuaded 
to see anything wrong in Masonry per 
se. So popular is Freemasonry that its 
advantages by way of securing employ- 
ment, preferment, help, etc., etc., are so 
openly talked of as to plainly show the 
evil the institution is capable of. It has 
long been a source of shame to me that 
so many ministers of my own denomina- 



May, 1902. 

tion are found harnessed up in secret al- 
liances. I admit the value from a worldly 
point of view. But how far does this go 
to explain the want of spirituality among 
many ministers, and the alarming ab- 
sence of real religion in many churches? 
And while I think the missionary as a 
rule is a more spiritual man than the av- 
erage minister at home, yet the charac- 
ter of the home ministry is sure to be 
found more or less in the missionary. 

In the past a good many anti-secrecy 
books and tracts have been scattered in 
India, and yet considering the whole field 
very little has been done, and the effect 
can scarcely be found. It is in my mind 
to suggest something to the lovers of the 
truth and reform, for India. There are 
now over 1,000 missionaries in India. 
Would it not be a good thing if some 
man like Dr. Blanchard should write an 
affectionate but earnest letter to each 
missionary in the land, English, Ameri- 
can, German, or Swede, affectionately 
calling their attention to the moral char- 
acter of secrecy, especially of Masonry, 
and pointing out a Christian's right rela- 
tion to this gigantic system of secrecy, 
and urging the importance of getting on 
the Lord's side of this question ? On thin 
paper much can be said, and praying 
much for the Lord's blessing upon the 
effort, let such letters be posted as an 
ordinary letter to each missionary; 1,000 
such letters will cost $50 postage. Will 
not someone give this for the Master's 
sake? Something should be done. 

From our Viceroy down, this land is 
in the grip of Masonry. Not a few mis- 
sionaries are in it. But I am glad few 
openly identify themselves with lodges. 
But something should be done to break 
up the conspiracy of silence, and "let 
alone" policy. The eyes of many need 
to be opened and the indifferent stirred to 
action. I commend this idea to the 
friends of the cause. If it meets with fa- 
vor I can send the addresses of all the 
missionaries in India to the Cynosure and 
will gladly do it. 

As I read the Cynosure it seems to me 
the cause slowly gains ground in Ameri- 
ca. In this I do rejoice. But, dear 
friends, remember that Jesus' plans com- 
pass "all the world." Let us be with him 
in our plans. 

I am glad to report the blessing of the 

Lord on the work of missions in this 
land. The long seed time is running 
into harvest. Missions are embarrassed 
with success now. The home churches 
can't keep pace with the progress of the 
missions they have planted in India. No 
longer is there any difficulty in getting at 
the people. By thousands they are grop- 
ing their way toward Christianity. 

Some changes must take place in mis- 
sion methods. It is probable that a great 
deal of mission educational work will 
have to stop. The government will do 
the educational work. The missions 
must be evangelistic. It is evident to me 
that God is stirring the hearts of good 
people at home in the interest of mis- 
sions. Large sums of money in small 
amounts from many, are coming from 
Christians who want to be in direct 
touch with the work they help. I think 
this is of the Lord. Personally I find 
myself in a work so great, no society is 
ready to take it up. It is evident that 
God has set before me the evangelizing 
of half a million of heathen. And can 
it be I do not need help for the work? 
Yea, verily, I need much help, and God 
is our reliance. We have 30 workers 
this year. But there should be 100. 

Do friends at home know that the sum 
it takes to support two American mis- 
sionaries will support 100 native preach- 
ers, men and women ! Our 30 workers 
cost about $900 for the year. I know the 
missionary interest is on the increase. I 
would fan the flame a little more. I am 
anxious to get acquainted with any 
friends who want to get into partnership 
with missionaries in the field in the same 
form of missionary work. I should like 
to find 100 Christian men and women 
who desire to support a substitute on the 
mission field. These years we have lived 
on manna as the Lord has sent it to us in 
answer to prayer. We seem to be set for 
such an apostleship while we live. I 
know I have some friends among the Re- 
form people of America. Command ye 
me in the matter of some work for Christ 
among these people yet without a Savior. 
Your postmaster or banker can send 
money by P. O. M. O. or foreign draft. 

Note my address. Pray for us and the 
whole cause of Christ in this Empire. 

Yellandu, Nizams Dominions, India,. 
Feb. 19, 1902. 

May, 1902. 




Prom a Daguerreotype Taken in 1849. 

(Editor's Note: The following Is taken from a 
pamphlet published by D. Hooton, Congress street, 
Boston, Second Edition, 1836, and is entitled: 
Resolutions and Address, adopted by the Anti- 
Masonic members of the Legislature of Massachu- 
setts, etc., etc., pages 16 and 17.) 

The Report of the Committee. 

In presenting yon the names of Daniel 
Webster and Francis Granger as candidates 
for President and Vice-President of the 
United States, we offer yon candidates for 
those high offices whom yon can support con- 
sistently with the principles you have avow- 
ed, the undisguised friends of your cause, the 
able champions of constitutional liberty, and 
the fearless opposers of those who would in- 
vade it. Eloquent in debate, capable by their 
eminent acquirements of discharging with 
ability such high and responsible trusts; and 
too, honest in their views of all the great 
questions of policy or principle, which have 
agitated the country, to require conceal- 
ment; their opinions are known and their 
influence is felt. To triumph with such men 
is glory indeed, and defeat, although it might 
grieve the lovers of civil freedom, would be 
more honorable than the surrender of its 
citadel without an effort to defend it. 

Of the views which Mr. Webster has long 
held of the Masonic Institution you have the 
most explicit and convincing proof. In the 
language of the Convention of 1834 "he is 
known to be openly opposed to Freemason- 
ry." He alone in the Senate of the United 

States lias stood forth to bear witness to the 
purity of your principles. In those halls 
where the name of Anti-Masonry had never 
before been pronounced, he gave his willing 
testimony to the integrity of its character, 
and the patriotism of its supporters. And 
on another occasion he has avowed his sen- 
timents with a frankness which does honor 
to his heart. We refer to the following let- 
ter addressed to the Anti-Masons of Penn- 

Webster'* Letter. 

"Boston, Mass., Nov. 20, 1835. 
"To Messrs. Harmar Denny, Benj. Dar- 
lington, J. C. Gilleland, Neville B. 
Craig, W. W. Irwin — Delegates from 
the County of Allegheny to the Dem- 
ocratic Anti-Masonic Convention of 

"Gentlemen — I have the honor to ac- 
knowledge your favor of the nth inst., 
the receipt of which has been delayed a 
few days by my absence from home. 

"Permit me, gentlemen, to express my 
grateful sense of the respect shown me 
by my fellow citizens, the members of the 
Convention of Democratic Anti-Masons 
of Allegheny County, to their recent pro- 
ceedings, as set forth in your communica- 
tion. The esteem they are pleased to ex- 
press for my public character, and their 
confidence in my attachment to the Con- 
stitution of the country, demand my pro- 
found acknowledgments. 

"Nor do they do me more than jus- 
tice, in their belief in my entire accord- 
ance in their opinion on the subject of 
Secret Societies. You express a wish, 
however, that for the gratification of 
friends in other parts of the State, I 
would enable you to make known my 
sentiments respecting the order of Free- 
masonry. I have no hesitation, gentle- 
men, in saying, that however unobjec- 
tionable may have been the original ob- 
jects of the institution, or how pure may 
be the motives and purposes of individual 
members, and notwithstanding the many 
great and good men who have from time 
to time belonged to the order ; vet, never- 
theless, it is an institution which in my 
judgment is essentially wrong j n the prin- 
ciple of its formation ; that from its very 
nature it is liable to great abuse ; that 
among the obligations which are found 
to be imposed on its members, there are 
such as are entirely incompatible with 



May, 1902. 

the duty of good citizens ; and that all 
secret associations, the members of which 
take upon themselves extraordinary obli- 
gations to one another, and are bound 
together by secret oaths, are naturally 
sources of jealousy and just alarm to 
others ; are especially unfavorable to har- 
mony and mutual confidence among men 
living together under popular institu- 
tions, and are dangerous to the general 
cause of civil liberty and good govern- 
ment. Under the influence of this con- 
viction, it is my opinion that the future 
' administration of all such oaths, and the 
imposition of all such obligations, should 
be prohibited by law. 

"I express these opinions, gentlemen, 
with the less reserve on this occasion, in- 
asmuch as they have been often ex- 
pressed already, not only to some of your 
own numbers, and many of your friends, 
but to all others, also, with whom I have 
at different times conversed on the sub- 

"Of the political principles and conduct 
of the Anti-Masons of Pennsylvania I 
have spoken freely in my place in the 
Senate, and under circumstances which 
took from the occasion all just suspicion 
of any indirect purpose. The opinions 
then expressed are unaltered. I have 
ever found the Anti-Masons of Pennsyl- 
vania true to the Constitution, the 
Union, and to the great interests of the 
country. They have adopted the "Su- 
premacy of the Laws," as their leading 
sentiment ; and I know of none more 
just or more necessary. If there are 
among us any so high, as to be too high 
for the authority of law, or so low as to 
be too low for its regard and protection, 
or if there be any, who by any means 
whatever, may exempt themselves from 
its control, then to that extent we have 
failed to maintain an equal government. 
The Supremacy of the Constitution and 
the laws is the very foundation stone of 
Republican institutions ; if it be shaken or 
removed from its place, the whole sys- 
tem must inevitably totter to its fall. 

"Your obliged friend and fellow citi- 
zen, Daniel Webster." 

Nor is the position in which Mr. Webster 
stands to the Anti-Masonic party a thing of 
recent date; he has received their approba- 
tion and praise when there was no division 

among them. The Boston Daily Advocate 
and Free Press of Sept. 17, 1833, says: 

"Mr. Webster is himself an Anti-Mason, 
and in every national principle is either the 
scholar or colleague of John Quincy Adams." 

Resolutions and Addresses adopted by the Anti- 
Masonic members of the Legislature of Massachu- 
setts, 1836, pages 16 and 17. 


In the columns of a valuable monthly, The 
Consecrated Life, issued by the Pepper Pub- 
lishing Company of Philadelphia, Pastor C. 
J. Fowler, who is President of the National 
Holiness Association, does not hesitate to 
avow sentiments upon the subject of secret- 
ism which are entirely in line with those 
proclaimed by the late ex-President Charles. 
G. Finney. The latter, indeed, found in his. 
early manhood, after being beguiled into 
Masonic companionship, that holiness was. 
an unattainable possession while he re- 
mained in alliance with the secret lodge, and. 
so, after a memorable struggle, wisely re- 
linquished that annex of mere stubble which 
could not withstand the fire of the Lord's, 

The following which are the remarks of 
Pastor Fowler, are commended to the many 
members of the Methodist denomination, 
who, while professing to honor the Christian 
doctrine and simple practice declared by 
Wesley and Finney, nevertheless, stay far 
therefrom in affiliating with one or other of 
the secret orders.— Josiah W. Leeds. 

"There seems to be a burning question 
in the Christian community relative to 
the great matter of secretism. Whether 
a Christian man shall be a Freemason 
or a Red Man or a Blue Man or a Black 
Man. Whether a woman shall belong to 
the annex to these things, and be a 
Daughter of Rebecca or Sally Jane. 

"I wonder if you can sit with any rela- 
tive ease and hear simply the mention of 
these things. I am not saying whether it 
is right or wrong for you to belong to 
these societies. I do raise the question,. 
"What is the relation of these things to 
the kingdom of God to which you be- 
long?" What is their relation? It is 
time we found out. I insist now, writing 
to intelligent women and men, it is time 
ere another decade and generation, that 
we find out. Now, mark you, don't say 
the writer has brought in a discussion of 
secretism. He is bringing in here a great 
principle. What is the relation of these 
things to the kingdom of God? Do- 

May, 1902. 



these things in the community in which 
yon live, further the interests of the king- 
dom to which we belong? Do they pro- 
mote spirituality? Do they enhance the 
interest in revivals? Do they make it 
easier for men and women that have to 
do with these things to be pure and de- 
voted, and live with a single eye to the 
glory of God? Now, I am not answer- 
ing these questions. I have light for 
myself. I am standing in my own num- 
ber sixes, relative to this thing, and need 
to have no man say anything to me in 
regard to them. I settled them long ago. 
I want you to answer, I want intelligent, 
educated and serious ministers to answer 
it, and you in the laity to answer it, and 
to settle for yourselves what is the in- 
fluence of these things on the kingdom 
to which we belong. 

"If a man is satisfied, all things con- 
sidered, that he gets a hold on men, and 
gets them to God better, and that the 
general influence of these things is pro- 
motive of morality and spirituality, you 
see the way is clear for him to put his 
time in these things. But if he is satis- 
fied that they work the other way, he will 
put no time into that which hin- 
ders the interest of the kingdom. 
If you do not dare to look at 
that question as I am now putting it, you 
need go no farther. If you do not dare 
let the blaze of God's full light upon that 
question, your hesitancy shows that you 

ought not to stay there another minute." 
—Rev. C. J. Fowler, President of the Na- 
tional Holiness Association. 


"The law of reinstation to membership of 
members suspended for non-payment of dues 
was fixed at 'one year's dues, or such greater 
sum as the by-laws may prescribe.' "—Report 
of O. F. Gr. Lodge, ind. 

Business is business and we find no 
fault with the foregoing as business. It 
is liberal and lenient enough in our opin- 
ion. As a matter of business it appears 

What we do object to is hypocritically 
calling it anything but good, straight 
business. What if old line insurance 
companies took up the "'fraternal" insur- 
ance sanctimonious whine or the pseudo 
pious posing of the orders. 



BY REV. DR. HUNT, A. F. & A. M. 

(1) "The third degree pledge,* which is a 
limited vow of chastity, is wrongfully con- 
strued by the opponents of Freemasonry. 
The charge has repeatedly been made that 
its limitations to near relatives of Masons 
implies that chastity itself is thus limited 
with an implication of license beyond. But 
it may be answered that not chastity, but 
Masonic jurisdiction is limited." 

(2) "Courts make jurisdiction and obliga- 
tion conterminous. Falsehood under the 
court oath is heavily punished as perjury- 
The oath covers nothing but testimony on. 
the stand during a court session. It is lim- 
ited to special relations within court juris- 
diction, as the Masonic oath is limited to, 
special relations within the lodge jurisdic- 
tion. Court penalty cannot transgress these 
bounds, neither can lodge penalty. The terms 
of each oath recognize the boundaries of 
jurisdiction. Neither implies anything oppo- 
site or beyond these boundaries." 

(3) "Masonic jurisdiction covers Masonic 
relations. Masonic relations are relations 
between Masons, as individuals, and as ag- 
gregated individuals forming lodges. The 
lodge must not be defrauded. This does not 
imply that fraud or unchastity outside is en- 

Reply to Rev. Dr. Hunt's Critieiam of Anti- 

Masonry claims to be a moral institu- 
tion, fitting men for the whole of life 
here and hereafter, and hence differs 
radically from courts of justice. 

"These three degrees (Entered Apprentice, 
Fellow Craft, and Master Mason) thus form 
a perfect and harmonious whole: nor can we 
conceive that anything can be suggested 
more which the soul of man requires."— AM- 
man Kezon, and Blue Lodge Guide, page 180. 

"Masonry, however, is not only the most 
ancient, but the most moral institution that 
ever subsisted."— Webb's Masonic Monitor, 
page 23. 

"Acacian signifies a Mason, who, BY LIV- 
OBLIGATIONS and precepts of the fratern- 
ity, IS FREE FROM SIN."- Markovs Lexi- 
con of Freemasonry, page 1(1. 

(i) Masonic "jurisdiction" covers just 
such relations as the authors of Masonry 
have seen fit to include. As to chastity, 



May, 1902. 

they have seen fit to include only female 
relatives of Masons, hence the plain in- 
ference that Masonry does not consider 
chastity in relation to other women nec- 
essary to make "the most moral institu- 
tion that ever subsisted" or to make the 
Mason spiritually "perfect," so that noth- 
ing farther can be suggested or conceived 
"which the soul of man requires." 

(2) The comparison of the Masonic 
oath to the judicial oath does not hold 
good, because of the fundamental differ- 
ence in the professed purpose of the two. 
The judicial oath does not propose to at- 
tempt anything more than to secure a 
truthful statement from the witness in 
regard to the case on trial. It does not 
claim to make a man truthful at other 
times, much less to do for him "all that 
the soul of man requires." 

(3) It is a well known principle in 
the interpretation of law that the men- 
tion of certain items in a series of simi- 
lar things excludes the application of thfc 
law from other items of the series not 
mentioned in the law. If the legislature 
of the State should pass a law requiring 
men to be chaste toward women, then all 
women would be included, but if the law 
should read "all black women," •then 
there would be no protection afforded 
white women according to the above 
well known principle of interpretation. 
Therefore the inference is correct that 
when a Mason is required to take an 
oath to be chaste in respect to female 
relatives of Masons, he is left to follow 
his own inclinations in respect to all oth- 
er women. 

When a man joins an institution which 
ministers of the Gospel laud as a moral 
institution and a handmaid of religion, 
and which claims to do for the soul of 
man all "which the soul of man re- 
quires," and finds that he is required 
not to violate the chastity of female rela- 
tives of Masons, there is certainly a very 
strong suggestion that he may violate 
the chastity of other women. His own 
passions will furnish the encouragement. 

The plea that Masonic jurisdiction is 
limited to Masonic relations only, is open 
to another objection. The female rela- 
tives of Masons are not Masons and yet 
are sought to be protected by Masonic 
jurisdiction. Why should not other wo- 

men be similarly protected ? The only 
possible reply to this question reveals the 
essential selfishness of Masonry. It cares 
nothing for the interests of anybody ex- 
cept Masons. 

♦"Furthermore, that I will not have illicit 
carnal intercourse with a brother Master Ma- 
son's wife, his mother, sister or daughter, I 
knowing them to be such, nor suffer it to be 
done by others, if in my power to prevent." 


There is at the last, all subordinate and 
negligible things aside, only one thing 
that life insurance can do and the concep- 
tion of that single service is the root idea. 
It is by recognizing this idea that we not 
only arrange all ideas in true relations, 
but also keep back our minds from mis- 
apprehension. In the present article we 
attempt to direct and confine attention to 
the root idea. 

It is identical with that which is at the 
root of business partnership, city or State 
business with public improvements and 
everything, which, making all things 
common in some degree, thus brings to 
pass what is named in one word, Civiliza- 

It is the idea of sharing or holding in 

A life insurance company, being a mod- 
ified savings bank, the modification is 
only incidentally in the detail of terms of 
deposit and withdrawal, but is really and 
fundamentally in sharing and equaliza- 
tion. The difference is, that, while what 
is called a savings bank deals with pa- 
trons man by man, the other bank, called 
by another name, deals with them in 
group or mass. In one case the patron 
has a solitary account, in the other he is 
sharer in the account of a multitude. 
This is the reason why at first glance 
there often appears a disparity between 
deposit and claim. There is a group de- 
posit and group claim. 

Payments as well as deposits are gov- 
erned by the same root idea of sharing. 
It is the group that is paid. An ordinary 
savings bank dealing separately with each 
depositor pays him back what he paid in. 
The insurance bank pays the group back 
in the aggregate what it deposited in ag- 

May, 1902. 



Suppose that in this way one thousand 
men share in patronizing the kind of sav- 
ings bank called a life insurance company. 
According to the table of life expectation 
their deposits are arranged and their 
claims and dividends so provided for that 
the beneficiary of each will have a claim 
not running below one thousand dollars. 
They thus deposit in the course of time 
one million dollars, and in the same time 
withdraw one million. 

The question at once arises, what good 
does that do? It does exactly one good 
thing which is still in the line of the root 
idea. It makes all families in the group 
of 1,000 sharers in each shock of misfor- 
tune, so that not one receives more than 
one-thousandth of each financial blow. 
Not sharing the grief they yet all share 
the loss, or at least no one widow bears 
the money loss alone. When a man's 
wages cease the share of the common 
fund comes to his family instead. This 
happens 1,000 times, and by sharing the 
shock is diffused. No one is crushed 

A homely illustration is the case of ten 
men, each holding a plank on which is 
struck one sledge hammer blow that nei- 
ther can endure. Let ten hold one plank 
together and ten blows on it can be sus- 

This illustrates the root idea of life in- 
surance, the usefulness of which lies not 
in producing gain, but in diffusing what, 
if concentrated, is crushing. 

The same idea is expressed in other 
forms in every step from solitary traffic 
to firms and corporations, and in every 
stage of civilization from family through 
tribe and clan to the highly organized 
state holding lands, harbors and highways 
in common, sharing and equalizing the 
common fate and fortune of all. The root 
idea of a life association is identical with 
that of a cemetery association. One makes 
the widow share the place to bury her 
dead, the other the -means to feed her or- 
phan child. Up to its measure and de- 
gree it is a business way of calling noth- 
ing one's own and having all things com- 


Mr. Ezra A. Cook, the well known 
publisher of anti-secrecy literature, has 
in preparation for the readers of the Cy- 
nosure reminiscences of the past fifty 
years, especially setting forth his expe- 
rience and observations in anti-Masonic 

At the recent election of aldermen in 
this city, Mr. Cook was candidate in the 
Eighteenth Ward on the Prohibition 
ticket, and received a very gratifying 
vote. The Chicago Daily News and 
other city papers published Mr. Cook's 
portrait and very flattering testimonials 
from some of the best known business 
men of Chicago. 


Prohibitionists Are Delighted at the Vote 
He Polled. 

Chicago prohibitionists who gathered this 
morning at the party headquarters, 92 La 
Salle street, were nearly intoxicated with 
joy over the phenomenal support given the 
prohibition candidates. They claimeu 1,300 
votes for Ezra A. Cook, who, it was as- 
serted, carried nine precincts of the Eight- 
eenth Ward. Avery E. Hoyt, chairman of 
the Prohibition City Committee, said: 

"Mr. Cook made a magnificent run in the 
Eighteenth, one of the toughest wards of 
the city. His ability as a vote catcher makes 
him the logical candidate for Mayor next 
spring. For the first time we have polled 
over 2 per cent of the total vote in Chicago, 
which makes us a recognized party and 
should allow us to go on the official ballot 
without nomination papers.— Chicago Daily 


"Be godly for man's sake, be manly 

for God's sake." 

The Chicago Tribune in describing the 
ceremonies at the laying of the corner- 
stone at Richmond, Ya., of the monu- 
ment commemorating the memory of 
Jefferson Davis, ex-President of the 
Southern Confederacy, calls attention to 
the fact that the "corner-stone of the me- 
morial to Jefferson Davis was laid with 
the ritual of the Masonic Order." 

It is common to hear Northern Masons 
denying the Masonic membership of Jeff 



May, 1902. 


Knights of the East and West. 

(Continued from the April Cynosure.) 

In the seventeenth degree, Knights of 
the East and West, the candidate, as a 
very ancient man, clothed in a white robe 
and barefooted, guided by the Master of 
Ceremonies, after the usual precaution- 
ary delays against admitting outsiders, 
is received and gives the sign, token and 
He is conducted to within about six feet 
of the throne of the ALL PUISSANT 
and caused to kneel. In this position he 
is strictly questioned as to whether he 
has always borne in mind the obliga- 
tions of his former degrees and has so 
far as it is in the power of human nature 
lived agreeably to them, upon replying, 
"I have ever made it my study, and I 
trust my actions and life will prove it," 
he is asked by the Senior Warden, his 
former questioner, if he has particularly 
regarded his obligations as a Sublime 
Knight of Perfection, Knight of the East 
.and Prince of Jerusalem. After assur- 
ing him that he has in all respects done 
his duty and acted to the best of his 
ability with integrity, he is enjoined by 
the All Puissant to be particular in his 
recollections as to whether or not he has 
ever deviated from duty. Upon the as- 
surance that he never has, he washes his 
hands, as directed, and, after listening to 
a selection of Scripture with his right 
hand on the Bible, his left between the 
hands of the. All Puissant, kneeling on 
both knees he takes the 

Obligation of the Knight of the East and 


ist. Never to reveal to any person to 
whom the same may not legally belong, 
the secrets of this degree, under penalty 
not only of being dishonored but of con- 
sidering life immediately forfeited, to be 
taken with all the tortures and pains de- 
tailed in preceding degrees. 

2nd. Never to fight with brother 
Knights, but when they have justice on 
their side, to be ready to draw sword in 
their defense or against such of their 
enemies as seek the destruction of their 
person, their power, peace or prosperity. 

3rd. Not to revile a brother nor sut- 
ler others to reflect upon his character in 

his absence, without informing him or 
noticing it personally at his option. 

4th. To pay due submission to all de- 
grees beyond this ; particularly to the 
sublime Princes of the Royal Secret and 
the Supreme Council of Grand Inspectors 
General, 33d degree. 

5th. To do all possible, to support 
them in all justifiable measures for the 
good of the craft and advantage thereof. 
All tiiis (and more) under penalty of the 
severe wrath of the Almighty Creator of 
Heaven and Earth. 

The Holy Blood Washed. 

The candidate is then anointed upon 
head, eyes, mouth, heart, tip of right # 
ear, right hand, and right foot ; and told 
that those parts of his body which have 
the greatest power of assisting in good or 
evil have this day been made holy. 

At this point begins a play which but 
for its blasphemy would merit rebuke for 
its folly. Candidate is told that the 
Ancients arrived here through great trib- 
ulation having washed their robes in 
their own blood. He is called a victim 
and expresses himself as willing to pur- 
chase white robes at the same price. 
Then his arms are slightly cut with a 
lancet so as barely to draw blood, which 
is wiped on a napkin, and he is exploited 
as- one who has spilled his blood to ac- 
quire a knowledge of these mysteries. 

The All Puissant then opens success- 
ively seven seals, after which four ven- 
erable ancients occupying four corners 
of the room, represent the four winds. 
They are whisked about, while trumpets 
are blown and candidate is invested in a 
long white beard, a crown of gold and 
a golden girdle, followed by the recep- 
tion of the sign, tokens and word of the 
degree. After receiving the lecture the 
lodge is closed in due form. 


This degree, which is a burlesque of 
the atonement of our Lord Jesus Christ 
for the sins of the World, is fictitious, 
puerile and false with its obligations of 
fealty and fight, enforced by penalties too 
numerous for busy people to count and 
too hideous for healthful souls to con- 
template. It has been well said to be a 
compound of "falsehood, burlesque, sac- 
rilege and sorcery." 

Men of respectable reputation and 

May, 1002. 



rrteans, with family connection and all 
that such ties imply, with duties to the 
State and church also, really pay money 
and spend time, voluntarily, entering 
this dreadful bondage. The fearful ac- 
tivity and success of the lodge to-day 
does not prove its power, but only that 
its time is short, — "Come out from 
among them.'' 

Knight of the Kajrle and Pelican. 

In the eighteenth degree, Sovereign 
Prince of Rose Croix de Herodem and 
Knight of the Eagle and Pelican, ihe 
candidate comes to the door of the Chap- 
ter, kneels and presents his petition for 
the degree and a certificate that he is in 
good standing as a Prince of Jerusalem 
and a Knight of the East and West. The 
answer is returned that if the ballot in 
his behalf is clear, he may be received 
at date named and that on that occasion 
he must present each member of the 
Chapter a pair of men's and women's 
gloves and two sticks of wax and two 
wax candles. He must donate to the 
Chapter a certain number of dollars, also 
three wax candles. This he promises 
to do. 

At the designated time, the ballot be- 
ing clear, candidate sits alone for a short 
time in a gloomy apartment painted or 
draped in black, after which, dressed as 
a Knight of the East and West, he is 
admitted after raps and explanations. He 
promises to enter and assist in finding 
the lost word. He is told that he must 
travel for thirty-three years (alluding to 
the death of Christ) to learn the beauties 
of the law. 

After having been slowly conducted 
around the room seven times, kneeling 
with right hand upon the Bible, the can- 
didate takes the 


Obligation of the Sovereign Prince of 
Rose Croix de Herodem, promising: ist. 
Never to reveal the secrets or mysteries 
of the degree to those of inferior de- 
grees or to any others who are not law- 
fully entitled to the same, under penalty 
of all former obligations and of being 
forever deprived of the true word, to be 
perpetually in darkness, his blood ever 
running from his body, to suffer the most 
cruel remorse, that bitterest gall mingled 
with vinegar be his constant drink, the 
sharpest thorns his pillow, the death of 

the cross completing his punishment, 
should he ever infringe or violate in any 
manner or form the laws and rules which 
have been, are now or shall be made 
known or prescribed. 

2d. To observe and obey all the de- 
crees which may be transmitted by the 
Grand Inspectors General in Supreme 
Council of the 33d degree. 

3rd. That he will never reveal the 
place where he has been received nor the 
ceremony used at his reception to any 
person but a lawful Prince of Rose 

4th. That he will never initiate a per- 
son into the degree but by a lawful pat- 
ent obtained for that purpose. 

Can Hdate Becomes Perfect. 

The candidate kisses the Bible after 
taking the oath, and the Master pro- 
nounces all accomplished and while mem- 
bers cover their faces with their hands, 
invests him in the white woolen chasuble 
of the order, first removing his apron and 
white ribbon. All then pass six times 
around the room with genuflections at 
the altar in the East. At the end of the 
sixth time, all save the Master of Cere- 
monies and the candidate, pass into a 
second apartment. 

With the chasuble and apron removed 
and a cloth covered with dust and ashes 
upon him he is led into a room where 
his attention is called to representations 
of the torments of the damned, after 
which he enters the apartment in which 
the other members are assembled (in- 
structed and covered with a veil) ; he tells 
them that he came from Judea. That he 
passed by Nazareth, conducted by Ra- 
phael. That he is of the tribe of judah. 
He then gives as directed the initials of 
the words Judea, Nazareth, Raphael and 
Judah, and is brought to light, having 
found the lost word. 

After clapping of hands and exclama- 
tions of praise, followed by an anthem, 
the candidate is told that he has become 
perfect. He is then instructed in the 
signs, tokens and words of the degree. 
This concludes the third group of de- 
grees or grades which citizens of our 
Christian country are buying. 


Its surface facts are most unwhole- 
some. Its utter selfishness and disregard 
of God's methods and institutions appear 



May, 1902. 

at every point. What is such a company 
of men secluded by all possible precau- 
tions, pledged never to tell where they 
were initiated or in what way, doing with 
women's gloves, sticks of wax and wax 
candles ? After sitting in a most gloomy 
chamber, why is the candidate told that 
he must travel thirty-three years to ac- 
complish what he does later in one even- 
ing ; taking the always present obligation 
which has so completely exhausted the 
solemn, the diabolical and the blasphem- 
ous that it appears to be a grewsome 
joke, culminating in the viewing of gross 
portraitures similar to those described by 
the prophet Ezekial, creeping things, 
abominable beasts and idols (Ezk. 8:10), 
and then directed to personate Christ and 
declared to be perfect? Why? 

This is called by its dispensers, a 
wholly philosophical degree, the sun of 
the system of Freemasonry, but its phil- 
osophy mig^ht make servants blush, an- 
gels weep and demons smile. Would that 
it were no worse than an infidel Jew 
once called it, "a humbug," a scheme for 
making money at the expense of simple- 
tons. These degrees to-day find pur- 
chasers and enroll as members, men who 
know better. 

Up friends ! Jehovah calls us to pro- 
claim upon the housetops these things 
whispered in the ear. With heart, soul, 
strength and money (for the support of 
the laborers in this work), warn the fee- 
ble-minded and the unwary of these 
snares and bring them into the genuine 
kingdom of righteousness, peace and 
joy in the Holy Ghost, the Kingdom of 


The principles for which the Cynosure 
has contended so well, faithfully and long 
is a part of "the faith once delivered to 
the saints," and is fundamental to the 
spiritual and moral welfare of the church. 
It is well that members of so many dif- 
ferent denominations compose the Na- 
tional Christian Association, of which the 
Christian Cynosure is the organ. The 
real Church of Christ will, by the grace 
of God, "have no fellowship with the un- 
fruitful works of darkness." Cyrus 
Smith, Grand River, la. 

Jtett>0tmper0 anh Monti. 


Albert Pike. 

When you visit Washington, D. C, 
don't fail to examine the bronze statue 
of Albert Pike, who was a Rebel General 
during the war. He was Most Puissant 
Southern Grand Commander of the 
Southern Jurisdiction of the Ancient and 
Accepted Rite in the United States of 
America until the day of his death. At 
the battle of Pea Ridge he ordered the 
scalping of Union soldiers who fell fight- 
ing for the flag, and a son of Samuel 
Smith, of Ligonier, Ind., was among the 
victims of his inhuman barbarity. 
Whether for this or other services ren- 
dered to the Confederate cause, or to the 
secret empire of which he was chief, his 
memory is perpetuated by one of the 
most imposing statues on the public 
grounds of our National Capitol. 

So far as I recall the inscriptions de- 
lineating his marvelous career, and mas- 
terly attainments the most commendable 
is the absence of any patriotic laudation 
of this renegade son of Vermont. Doubt- 
less some of those ''Border Ruffians," 
who came to Washington and were 
sworn into the "cutthroat Confederacy" 
of which he was chief, just prior to the 
civil outbreak, still survive, and it would 
be unmasonic to offend either them or 
their spiritual successors at present. Per- 
haps a hundred years hence, secret tra- 
ditions and manufactured evidence, will 
accredit Albert Pike with being the peer 
of George Washington, the Father of 
his Country. Masonry is capable of work- 
ing marvelous mutations even in docu- 
mentary records. 

One thing the ladies should note with 
care is the female figure crouching at 
the feet, and under the brazen shield 
tightly grasped in the hand of this .fit- 
' ting symbol of despotism, so suggestive 
of the exclusion of women from all the 
esoteric mysteries and benefits of the 
so-called benevolent and social order of 
—Home Light. 

May, 1902. 




Scottish Rite Mason* Make Pilsrrimaae to 

Washington, D. C, Oct. 27.— In pursuance 
of* established custom, the Supreme Council 
of Scottish Rite Masons of the Southern jur- 
isdiction, now meeting here, to-day' visited 
the grave of Albert Pike, for years grand 
commander of the council, at Oak Hill cem- 
etery, where his ashes are marked by a large 
shaft. Upward of 100 persons, including the 

ladies accompanying the members of the 
council and others, made the pilgrimage. No 
special program had been prepared, as the 
council desired to avoid formality. 

The first feature of the ceremony was the 
singing of the hymn, "Nearer, My Ood. to 
Thee," in chorus, after which addresses were 
made by Grand Commander Richardson, Sec- 
retary General Frederick Webber, of Ken- 
tucky, T. W. Harrison, of Kansas, and Fred- 
erick Speed, of Mississippi. The ceremonies 
closed with the singing of ''Rock of Ages." 



May, 1902. 


General Albert Pike was the greatest 
Masonic student and teacher of modern 
times. For thirty-two years he was 
the grand commander of the oldest su- 
preme council of thirty-third degree Ma- 
sons in the world and devoted a life- 
time to the study of its history and 
teachings. In his old age he mastered 
several of the ancient languages in order 
to correctly translate their Masonic 
teachings and he was a world-wide au- 
thority upon Masonic questions. He died 
in 1891 and is buried in beautiful Oak- 
wood cemetery at the National Capitol. 
He said that he desired his monument to 
be builded only in the hearts of the peo- 
ple where Scottish Rite Masonry is 
known, and no monument, tablet or 
name marks his grave, but at every ses- 
sion of the Supreme Council the mem- 
bers and friends make a regular pilgrim- 
age and hold memorial services at his 


* * * 

Northern by birth, but southern by 
choice, he became intensely southern, and 
when the excitement of the great Civil 
War swept over the land he went with 
his adopted State from the purest convic- 
tions of duty. 

He was commissioned by his State to 
conciliate the Indian tribes and he raised 
a brigade of Indian soldiers and led them 

to battle against the flag of our country. 

* * * 

When the Civil War ended and the 
supremacy of the general government 
was fully established his intensely sen- 
sitive nature fully realized, and his train- 
. ed judicial mind taught him, that his loss 
was immeasurable and to him it seemed 
wholly irreparable. He was greatly cast 
down and an inexpressible gloom took 
fast hold upon his very soul. 

Good friends tried to cheer him, but 
seemingly in vain, until the President of 
the United States, being informed of his 
dejection, granted him a full and free 

He excluded himself from the world. 
He isolated himself from all else save 
his study of Masonry, and for a quar- 
ter of a century he toiled and taught, in 

that to him, most delightful field, as no 
man ever toiled and taught before. 

He brought to his work a wonderful 
inspiration but little short of Divine. That 
he was a modern Adept no one can ques- 

He gathered the scattered elements of 
our Rite, clothed them in language most 
sublime and wove them into a wonderful 
system of science, theology and law. 
—Masonic Voice-Review. 


A Review of Albert Pike's "Morals and 

The Rev. Charles Coppens, S. J., of the 
Creighton University, Omaha, has recently 
revived the subject in two articles appear- 
ing in The American Ecclesiastical Review 
(December, 3899, February, 1900), in which 
he claims to prove that "Freemasonry- 
whatever other arguments it may pursue or 
pretend to pursue— is subversive of ChriS" 
tianity, and directed to the restoration of 
paganism in the form of nature- worship of 
the vilest kind." He bases his articles en- 
tirely on a book written by the famous 
Grand Commander, Albert Pike, for Mason* 
of the Thirty-third Degree, and copyrighted 
in Washington in 1871. The title is: 


Father Coppens says that in this book are 
revealed many aims of the order not shown 
to those in the Blue Lodges, Royal Arch, 
and other lower degrees. He lays consid- 
erable stress upon this fact, and endeavors 
to show by quotations from Mr. Pike's book 
that there is a systematic purpose clearly 
shown to mislead those who are in the lower 
or "Blue" degrees. "It is not at all likely," 
we are told, "that preachers of the Gospel, 
and Christian men generally, but only rank 
infidels or wild speculators in religious and 
philosophic matters, are ever admitted to 
the' highest degrees, in which the veil is to- 
tally withdrawn and the mask of morality 
laid* aside." Without endeavoring to follow 
this alleged progressive revelation, step by 
step, we give the tinal quotations which the 
writer thinks sustain his charge of anti- 
Christian teaching. He writes: 

May, 1902. 



It (the book) accuses God of gross in- 
justice and of savage cruelty (p. 164). 
"Masonry sees with the eye of memory 
the ruthless extermination of all the peo- 
ple, of all sexes and ages, because it was 
their misfortune not to know the God 
of the Hebrews, or to worship Him un- 
der the wrong name, by the savage 
troops of Moses and Joshua." Of course 
every Christian knows that Moses and 
Joshua were but obeying the direct 
commands of God, who, in very extraor- 
dinary circumstances, wished to give His 
chosen people a very extraordinary les- 
son, to guard them and their descend- 
ants against idolatry. 

The Grand Commander writes (p. 
207) : "He (Jehovah) commanded the 
performance of the most shocking and 
hideous acts of cruelty and barbarity." 
This brilliant gem of Masonic thought 
has been exhibited to gaping crowds by 
the most notorious infidel in this country. 
I did not know before where he had 
found his treasure. 

The Masons entirely reject the God re- 
vealed to Moses. At page 687 we read : 
"The Deity of the Old Testament is ev- 
erywhere represented as the direct author 
of evil, commissioning evil and lying spir- 
its to men, hardening the heart of Pha- 
raoh, and visiting the iniquity of the indi- 
vidual sinner on the whole people. The 
rude conception of sternness over mercy 
in the Deity can ^alone account for the 
human sacrifices of Abraham and Jepth- 
tha." What could the bitterest enemy of 
Christianity say to improve on this ? 

Here is another "dark hint" (p. 688) : 
"In the God of Moses * * * the pen- 
alties denounced for worshipping other 
gods often seem dictated rather by a jeal- 
ous regard for His own greatness in 
Deity than by the immorality and de- 
graded nature of the worship itself." 

* * * 

The Gospels are briefly stated ,to be 
but a tissue of legends and symbols (p. 
840) : "Jerusalem * * * had at length 
in its turn lost the Holy "Word," when 
a Prophet, announced to the Magi by the 
consecrated star of Initiation, came to 
rend asunder the worn veil of the Tem- 
ple, in order to give the Church a new 
tissue of legends and symbols that still 
and ever conceals from the profane, and 

ever preserves to the elect, the same- 

Masonry denies that Christ is God (p, 
310): "This is the New Law, the 
"Word," for which the world had waited 
and pined so long ; and every true 
Knight of the Rose will revere the mem- 
ory of him who taught it, and look in- 
dulgently on those who assign to him a 
character far above his own cpnceptions 
or belief, even to the extent of deeming 
him divine." - 

Masonry puts Christ on a par with 
Mohammed and other false prophets (p. 
525) : "It reverences all the great re- 
formers. It sees in Moses, the law- 
giver of the Jews, in Confucius and Zo- 
roaster, in Jesus of Nazareth, and in the 
Arabian Iconoclast, great teachers of 

In fact, Masonry prefers Mohamme- 
dianism to Christianity. To prepare for 
this teaching, first a dark hint is thrown 
out (p. 35) : "Creed has in general very 
little influence on the conduct. * * * 
As a general thing, the Mohammedan, 
in the Orient, is far more honest and 
trustworthy than the Christian." The 
next hint is bolder (p. 53) : "When Chris- 
tianity had grown weak, profitless, and 
powerless, the Arab Restorer and Icono- 
clast came like a cleansing hurricane." 
Why call Mohammed a restorer and 
speak of him as cleansing Christianity? 

Even Atheism and Pantheism are put 
on a par with Christianity, if not above 
it ; for the Grand Commander writes (p. 
643) : "As the world grows in its devel- 
opment, it necessarily outgrows its an- 
cient ideas of God, which were onlv tern- 
porary or provisional. A man says, 
There is no God,' that is, 'no God that is 
self-originated, or that never originated, 
but always was and had been, 
who is the cause of existence, 
who is the Mind and the Providence of 
the universe.' * * * But he says, 'Na- 
ture," meaning by that the sum-total of 
existence. * * * It is a mere change of 
name to call the Possessor of those qual- 
ities Nature and not God.' " 

In support of his assertion that Ma- 
sonry is a return to the practices of the 
ancient Mysteries, which are commonly 



May, 1902. 

regarded as repulsive, Father Coppens 
says : 

Masonry, which Pike says is identical 
with them (p. 23), aims at the restoration 
of Nature-worship. He adds (p. 355) : 
"The Mysteries were a sacred drama, ex- 
hibiting some legend significant of Na- 
ture's change, of the visible universe in 
which the invisible is revealed ;" and (p. 
360) : "They were practised in Athens 
until the eighth century, in Greece and 
Rome for several centuries after Christ, 
and in Wales and Scotland down to the 
twelfth century." Harper's "Dictionary 
of Classical Antiquities" contains an arti- 
cle on the Mysteries, which says that, if 
they were pure at first — which is not 
proved — "in later times they degenera- 
ted ; the secrecy was removed, and they 
became orgies in the modern sense of 
the word, at which the most shameful in- 
decencies were practised, until under the 
Romans they had to be suppressed as 
public nuisances. 4 ' Self-respect and re- 
gard for the modesty of my readers for- 
bid that I should enter into details about 
these abominations ; I can only refer the 
earnest inquirer to pages 401, etc., of the 
volume where the Grand Master describes 
the shameful secrets revealed in those pa- 
gan mysteries. This then is the "glory" 
of Masonry ; for, as we have seen before 
(p. 23), "Masonry is identical with the 
Ancient Mysteries * * * an imperfect 
image of their brilliancy." 
—The Literary Digest. - 


Suggested by Albert Pike's Book, "Morals 

and Dogma." 

(Editorial in Christian Cynosure, Sept. 25, 

1890, by. Rev. Jonathan Blanchard.) 

About two years after the "rappings" 
at Hydeville, N. Y., a young lawyer, 
named Cornell, came down from Tiffin, 
O., to Cincinnati, and, though candid 
and capable, he was drawn into the gyra- 
tions of Spiritualism, and was made gid- 
dy by its whirl. He took a young Irish 
tramp into his parlor and used him as a 
medium for commerce with spirits. Mr. 
Cornell was a parishioner of the writer, 
in the Sixth Presbyterian Church, and 
insisted that his pastor should witness 
his medium's revelations. We went. The 
ignorant young Irishman, whose lan- 

guage in his normal state was not above 
that of a common tramp, was mesmer- 
ized by Cornell, and then he was elo- 
quent as Daniel Webster. Cornell, who 
was a phrenologist, excited the young 
medium's organs of color and language 
and he burst forth in these words : "I 
will take the blue sky for my pallot. I 
will dip my pencil in the colors of the 
rainbow, and draw the heavenly host, 
every one smiling in his beauty ;" with 
much more in the same glowing and ex- 
alted strain. Poor Cornell, who knew 
the ignorance and low dialect of his me- 
dium, was captivated and convinced, and 
followed the familiar spirits to his tem- 
poral if not eternal destruction. 

Characteristic of Trance- Preacher. 

Waiting to change trains at a railroad 
crossing near Beverly, Mass., toward 
evening, we met a group of little old 
farmers who had gathered at a small 
back country schoolhouse, they said, to 
hear a young girl trance-preacher, who 
had never learned to read, and could 
scarce talk intelligible English ; and yet, 
when the spirit came on her, she en- 
tranced her audience with her eloquence. 
This is characteristic of trance-preachers 
from Balaam to Joseph Smith, the Mor- 

The Same spirits Inspired Albert Pike. 

The Confederate General Albert Pike, 
"Sovereign Grand Commander" of Ma- 
sons, has issued a book of 860 pages, 
which he calls lectures*of the thirty-three 
degrees of Scotch Rite Masonry, glowing 
and glorying with a devil's inspiration. 
Here is a specimen : 

"Man owed it to himself to be free. He 
owed it to his country to give her freedom or 
maintain her in that possession. It made 
tyranny and usurpation the enemies of the 
human race," etc., etc. 

And yet this Pike, who dates his book 
from Charleston, though he lives and 
writes in the old Blair and Rives House 
at Washington, D. C, was the son of 
New England ; joined the Southern Con- 
federacy to found, in the words of A. H. 
Stephens, its Vice President, an empire 
whose corner-stone was to be slavery. 
He obtained by fraud and falsehood from 
the U. S. treasury, money voted to the 
Indians to school their children ; initiated 
some fiftv Cherokees and Choctaws in 
Federal Lodge No. 1, at Washington; 

May, 1902. 




armed a brigade of them, and sealped 
wounded Union soldiers, in the battle of 
Pea Ridge ; and now he is writing devil- 
inspired peans in favor of liberty and 
against slavery. 

In the same book he hints that the 
war which slave-holders began by seiz- 
ing U. S. forts, bombarding Fort Sum- 
ter, and firing on their supply-ship, 
"Star of the West," — this most infamous 
of all infamous wars — Albert Pike sug- 
gests was brought on by the vote of the 
prize-fighter, John Morrisey, who voted 
with the Democrats against the war, and 
the Abolitionists, whom he (of course) 

styles "fanatics." These are Pike's 

words : 

"A civil war in America will end in shak- 
ing the world: and That war may bo caused 
by some ignorant prize-fighter or crazed 
fanatic in a city or in a congress." Morals 
and Dogma, p. 42. 

And yet this "Sovereign Grand Com- 
mander" of U. S. Masons, whose char- 
acter the vocabulary of fraud, falsehood 
and hypocrisy has no term to reach, in 
this volume of vaticinations, lauds the 
morality taught by Christ, whom he puts 
on a level with the founders of the false 
religions which have rilled the dark 
places of the earth with "the habitations 
of cruelty." 



May, 1902. 

identity of Origin of Spiritualism, Masonry 
and Mormonism. 

We have listened to Mormon priests 
in the Tabernacle at Salt Lake. We have 
heard their really lofty praises of moral- 
ity and the teachings of Christ, but a few 
blocks from where were sold the wagons, 
tents and clothing of the men, women 
and children who were murdered by or- 
der of Brigham Young in the Mountain 
Meadow massacre, for which their Bish- 
op Lee was given up by Young to be 
shot by U. S. troops ; and no one can 
witness these performances, or read the 
pages of Pike, or the responses of famil- 
iar spirits, without perceiving the ident- 
ity of their origin in the inspiration of 
devils, those "spirits of a low order" 
which Robert Dale Owen, the coolest 
and most capable of the spirit-writers, 
thinks may produce effects on men not 
unlike demoniacal "possession." "For 
false Christs and false prophets shall rise 
* * * to seduce, if it were possible, 
even the elect." — Mark 113-22. 


Little Rock, Ark. 

Immediately at the close of the civil 
war I bought two lots from the Pikes 
and built a house thereon just across the 
street from the residence of the much 
venerated Mason, Albert Pike. At that 
time the Pike residence was being used 
as the headquarters of Gen. Cyrus Bus- 
:sey, U. S. A., although Mrs. Pike and 
two daughters and the youngest son 
were allowed living apartments in the 
house. After the abandonment of the 
said building by the United States as 
army headquarters, and the Confederate 
soldiers had returned to their homes, the 
building was again wholly occupied by 
the Pike family, — to-wit, L. Hamilton 
Pike, Ydom Pike — two sons of Albert 
Pike — and Lilian Pike and another 
daughter (whose name I cannot recol- 
lect), together with the mother and wife, 
Mrs. Albert Pike. 

The son, L. Hamilton Pike, opened a 
law office in Little Rock, and I fitted it 
up with shelves for his law books ; this, 
I think, was in the month of June one 
year after the surrender of the Confed- 
erate General, Robert E. Lee. Some 

time during the summer Albert Pike, the 
head of the family, and later head of 
Scotch Rite Masonry, returned to Little 
Rock and resided temporarily with his 
wife and family. In the autumn of the 
same year, Hamilton Pike, the lawyer- 
son, made arrangements to move to 
Memphis. He employed me to box up 
his books, together with Albert Pike's 
library, which occupied one room in 
their spacious residence and was shelved 
and filled with law and miscellaneous 
books from floor to ceiling. 

Within a few months the entire Pike 
family, excepting Ydom Pike and his 
mother, were residents of Memphis, 
Tenn. ; and in less than a year, as nearly 
as I can recollect, the wife and mother 
was left entirely alone in the large colo- 
nial residence of Albert Pike in this 

From this time forth Mrs. Albert Pike 
sought acquaintance among the neigh- 
bors, apparently to relieve her of loneli- 
ness. She would confine herself mostly 
to one room in the big house. She 
begged my wife to let her have for her 
own one of my daughters, then a girl 
about 7 or 8 years of age, but of course 
we could not listen to any such pro- 
posal. To satisfy .her, however, my 
wife allowed my little girl to go over 
and room with her many times for her 
company and comfort. 

In a year or two from this time the 
residence was either sold or rented for a 
female college, and Mrs. Albert Pike 
bought a commodious cottage four or 
five blocks away, and moved into it, 
where she lived alone with neighbors in 
close proximity ; here, too, my little girl 
visited her frequently. 

There was something peculiar about 
Mrs. Pike. It seemed as though her own 
family left her on account of her disagree- 
able ways ; she had a high temper, but 
she was generous arid benevolent to the 
poor. She would give to the poor and 
help them beyond measure. While liv- 
ing alone in this cottage, and after Albert 
Pike and his children had moved to 
Washington, D. C, she died very sud- 
denly, with only a near neighbor, a Mrs. 
Welsh, to witness her death. A telegram 
was sent to Washington, and Hamilton 
Pike, her son, came to attend the obse- 
quies. Her remains were put into the 

May, 1902. 


finest casket that the undertaker kept 
in stock and she was buried in Mount 
Holly Cemetery, in the family lot, where 
rests her children, who went before her. 
Mrs. Albert Pike said to my wife one 
day while calling upon her: "They say 
that Albert is living with another woman 
in Memphis, but I don't believe it. I 
don't believe Albert would do that." It 
was a common report, however, at that 
time that such was the fact ; personally, I 
knew nothing as to the truth, but about 
the time of Albert Pike's death I was in 
a barber shop, and while I was having 
my hair cut, the conversation turned on 
Albert Pike. The barber, a young, col- 
ored man, told me that he was raised 
from a baby in the family of Albert Pike, 
and when a boy he went to Memphis 
with those who went there and lived with 
them as their servant. He said that Al- 
bert Pike lived at that time with another 
woman as his wife ; and that she was very 
disagreeable toward him — too domineer- 
ing — and that he would not stay any 
longer with them, and so returned to Lit- 
tle Rock and started in the barber busi- 

I must not fail to state that after the 
death of Mrs. Albert Pike, her son, Ham- 
ilton, sold off her furniture and effects, 
save a pipe-organ, which was boxed up 
and sent to Washington. My little girl, 
Georgie, went to the house while he was 
disposing of the goods, and, bursting 
into tears, told Hamilton that she loved 
his mother, and told him how many 
nights she had stayed with her and what 
a comfort she had tried to be to her in 
her loneliness, whereupon he presented 
her with a valuable picture, a fruit scene, 
which my daughter has to this day, and 
would not part with it on any account. 
Yours sincerely, 

A. J. Millard. 
June ii, 1900. 


x\ssociated secrecy of Protestants on 
the one hand and the Catholic bound Jes- 
uits on the other, are an ominous double 
cloud in the horizon of this Republic, 
which threaten its peace if not its very 
life. God bless you in your work against 
the powers of darkness. They cannot 
outlive "the brightness of His coming.'' 

J. H. Leiper. 

Hurrying to Lodge witk Arms Full of 

"Now -I am going to dare to say (it is 
in confidence to you) what most of the 
preachers dare not whisper in their bed- 
chamber, much less their pulpits, that 
one thing that is trammeling the churches 
to-day is the lodges. They are swallow- 
ing time and monev and zeal that are 
needed in the church. It is not for me 
to criticise what goes on inside of them, 
but I have seen soul after soul drawn into 
the maelstrom, the testimony for Jesus 
silenced, the seat. in prayer meeting va- 
cant, the spring of joy in God dried up. 
I don't see how Christians can belong to 
anything that hides the«name of our Lord 
Jesus Christ out of sight. 

"Christian men who would die rather 
than let the stars and stripes trail in the 
dust, will join hands with them that 
trample on the cross of Christ, and so 
let their lives be bound up in a bundle 
with unbelievers. I am afraid that some 
of the wheat gets so mixed up with the 
tares that even the angel reapers cannot 
disentangle it, and it will have to pass 
as tares and be treated in the same way 
— burned with them. 

"There are members of our official 
board who are never seen at prayer meet- 
ing, who stand in front of the lodge door 
one night in every week, smoking, and 
waiting for it to open, as if it were the 
gate of Paradise. Who ever saw any- 
one waiting for the church doors to be 
opened, except at a wedding? You need 
not read this to your husband, for noth- 
ing on earth would make him so mad, 
even if he is a steward. 

"I thought it was bad enough for the 
men to be so taken up with the business, 
but now that the women have caught the 
craze, and call themselves 'Daughters of 
Rebekah,' 'Eastern Star,' etc., it is a mat- 
ter for prayer and fasting. If there is a 
ridiculous object in the whole of crea- 
tion, to my mind, it is a female Mason. 
I met a lot of them — members of the 
church — during our last revival effort — 
it was mostly an effort — hurrying to 
lodge with their arms full of victuals for 
a spread. And many of those women 
had unconverted sons and daughters. 



May, 1902. 

Please don't call me an old croaker. I 
am not pleading for the old-fashioned 
methods for Methodism.. But oh, for the 
faith and zeal and simplicity of the an- 
cient days. Methodism has not let go of 
the sword of the Spirit, but she has so 
much truck that she is hugging tight in 
the other hand, that she has not the tree 
use of the right arm. It sends me down 
in the dust before the Lord when I think 
that there might be a great tidal wave 
of revival power sweep round the world, 

if only Methodism wanted it. 
— Christian Advocate. 




Right up-to-date. A clean, bright cere- 
mony, without any objectionable features. 
Confer it and enjoy the fun. Attracts mem- 
bers and makes the lodge prosper. Circu- 
lars and full particulars free. 


Columbus, Ohio. 
We take this ad. from the Pythian 
Knight to give it free circulation. The 
third degree of Masonry virtually works 
the pagan legend of Osiris, pretending 
to attach it to Solomon. The cut accom- 
panying this advertisement shows the 
candidate bending before the master of 
the lodge on his knees and elbows, while 
the explosive spanker is applied, ''with- 
out any objectionable features," if you 
don't object. 

The New York World gave an ac- 
count not long since of the death of Wil- 
liam N. Green, at Syracuse, who was shot 
during the initiating ceremonies by the 
use of the "Spanking Paddle." The As- 
sociated Press gave an account of a suit 
brought against the Modern Woodmen 
of America by F. S. Carlisle, of Luverne, 
la., who was also injured by the ''Spank- 
ing Paddle." Another young man of 
Hepburn, Iowa, was so seriously in- 
jured by the same instrument that he 
died. Not long ago an account of the 
death of a man in Central Illinois was 

mentioned by the Daily Press caused by 
the same "clean, bright ceremony" pic- 
tured above. 

The accidents which have caused so 
much suffering and loss have been occa- 
sioned by the operator turning the 
"Spanking Paddle" the wrong way so 
that the cartridges discharged into the 
flesh of the victim. 


Man Who Jb Suing Modern Woodmen N«t 
Expected to Recover. 

Grand Rapids, Mich., April 9, 1902. — 
Charles Lewis, of Berlin, Ottawa Coun- 
ty, who has brought suit against the 
Modern Woodmen Society for $50,000 
damages because of injuries alleged to 
have been received in an initiation, which 
necessitated the amputation of a leg, has 
been removed to his home in a dying 
condition. He has been in a local hospi- 
tal some time. A few days ago he be- 
came so much worse that the physicians 
gave up hope of his recovery, and to- 
day he was removed to his home. 
— Chicago Evening Post. 


Caught Hold of a Live Wire He Was About 
to Apply to Schoolmate. 

Parsons, Kan., March 26.— During the in- 
itiation of a candidate into the Boys' High 
School Society here, Lee Watson, 14 years 
old, was instantly killed by catching hold of 
a live electric wire. 

The lad, as master of ceremonies, was 
about to apply the lire to the body of the 
candidate. His death will cause the break- 
ing up of this form of initiation. 


Secret of the New Order at Spokane, Wash. » 
Revealei by Women. 

(By The Associated Press.) 
Salt Lake, Utah, Jan. 17.— A special to the 
Tribune from Spokane, Wash., says: Lying 
guarded in a lodge building of the Order of 
Washington is an unknown candidate for in- 
itiation who was severely hurt during the 
ceremonies last night. He is watched by fel- 
low-members who refuse to give his name 
and are using all efforts to prevent it from 
becoming public. 

Part of the initiation ceremonies is blind- 
folding the victim and drawing- him around 

May, 1902. 



the room at top speed in a little cart. The 
initiation crew was unable to control the 
wagon and the helpless victim was dumped 
over against the great high altar in the cen- 
ter of the room. His side was crushed in 
and he was painfully hurt. Members of the 
lodge have kept him under treatment in the 

The Order of Washington is a new frater- 
nal insurance organization. It has some 
women members and news of the accident, 
it is said, leaked out through them. 


There was incorporated at Springfield this 
week (Feb. 15) a new fraternal insurance or- 
der called the Modern Aztecs, which, the 
promoters believe, may revolutionize the fra- 
ternal insurance business. The organization 
gets its name from the ritual, which is based 
on the customs of the Aztecs, and which is 
said to be quaint and attractive. — Chicago 
Evening Post. 


The church and the individual prosper 
best when there is .just enough of trial 
and difficulty to drive them to their 
knees, and keep them there a great deal 
of the time. True religion flourishes best 
in the times of apparent adversity and 
languishes most when there is an abund- 
ance of creature comforts, and when 
worldly prospects seem brightest. The 
reason for all this is that during times 
of abundance the temptation is to depend 
on natural things — money, position, 
friends, popularity, etc. But when losses 
and bereavements, opposition and perse- 
cution come, and the help of man and 
money fail, and there is no help except 
from God, then there is a turning to 
God. Conscious need is the human in- 
spiration to true prayer. We often hope 
for the day when we shall have smooth 
sailing ; when these present trials will 
pass away ; but if that day ever shall 
come in our experience and we therefore 
lose our sense of dependence upon God 
so that we pray less, we had better have 
all our trials come back to us tenfold 
more severe. Our present piety may be 
tested by our sense of dependence upon 
God. Any less sense of dependence upon 
Him means spiritual slackness or worldly 
mindedness, and reveals the beginning 

of spiritual decay. At this point many 
have commenced to backslide. They re- 
lied so much on their past experience, 
that they relied less upon their Lord ; or 
they relied upon their eloquence, or po- 
sition, or orthodoxy, or talent, or pros- 


H. A. DAY. 

Organized secrecy, as we know it to- 
day in its varied forms, has come to stay. 
No opposition or protest from the church 
— its ostensible enemy — will avail to blot 
out its foul influence, or scarcely check 
its progress. Behind it is the "Dragon" 
who gives to the "Beast" his power and 
to the "False Prophet" his authority. 
Rev. 13:2. 

Secrecy — darkness — is the screen be- 
fore the devil to hide his person and his 
purposes from those whom he victimizes 
with his delusions. One of his most suc- 
cessful methods is, to conceal facts by 
mysteries, or hide his real person in the 
shadow of darkness, and- his plans and 

purposes behind the vail of secrecy. 
* >:< * 

— Wesleyan Methodist. 


Joseph Cook, not long before his 
death, wrote, at the request of the editor 
of The Christian Endeavor World, a 
characteristic message for Christian En- 
deavorers : 

"Man's life means 
Tender 'teens, 
Teachable twenties, 
Tireless thirties, 
Fiery forties, 
Forcible fifties, 
Serious sixties, 
Sacred seventies, 
Aching eighties, 
Shortening breath, 
The sod, 

Be on your guard and strive and pray 
To drive all evil thoughts away. 



May, 1902. 


He Tells Why He Tore Off Blindfold and Refused to Go 
on with Initiatory Ceremonies in Elk Lodge at Spo- 
kane, Wash.— Objected to Methods Employed. 

According to a story told by the Elks 
of Spokane and published yesterday 
morning in the Spokane papers, James 
Neill, the well known actor, who is in 
the city with ,his company playing 
"Barbara Frietchie," refused to go on 
with the initiation in the lodge, and, tear- 
ing off the blindfold, left the room. The 
Elks at Spokane say that his conduct is 
unprecedented. He was asked to give 
his side of the story last evening, and by 
way of reply he gave the subjoined let- 
ter to a representative of the Standard. 
The letter is addressed to a friend of Mr. 
Neill at Spokane, and tells the whole 
story . 

"Butte, Mont., Feb. 3, 1902.— Mr. T. 
D. Rockwell, attorney at law, Spokane, 
Wash. — My dear friend Rockwell : I 
have had time to think over and sleep 
over the events of Saturday afternoon, 
and I am conscientiously bound to 
withdraw the authority I gave you to 
attempt to patch up the difficulty. Re- 
flection convinces me that my protest 
against personal indignity and coarse 
buffoonery was timely and entirely jus- 
tifiable. For the first time in its his- 
tory a member of my family has re- 
ceived an insulting blow and been pow- 
erless to resent it. I am grateful to 
the young man who in discharge of his 
lofty functions wielded the stick with 
which, while blindfolded, I was struck 
from behind at the moment of my first 
entrance into your inner sanctum, for 
his courtesy in afterwards apologizing 
to me in the anteroom. If vour wish 
to compromise the matter had prevailed 
and I had been allowed, after my first 
exit in disgust, to re-enter the lodge 
room, I should have begged your offi- 
cers to permit me to take any necessary 
obligation that would have made an Elk 
of me. But I should not have sub- 
mitted in the second instance any more 
than the first to any personal indignity. 
I know that the word indignity you have 
protested against, but I have been so far 

unable to find a softer word to describe 
the infliction under the circumstances of 
a blow with a stuffed club. I congratu- 
late myself that I was not intimidated 
into the customary cowardly submission 
to indignities, the first, and probably the 
mildest of which was sufficient to make 
me declare myself and withdraw. 

"I wish you to bear in mind that you 
and other officers and members of your 
lodge, immediately prior to my en- 
trance into the chamber of initiation, 
had assured me that no undue liberties 
would be attempted, that I would be 
treated as a serious minded gentleman, 
who had placed himself for initiation in 
the hands of other gentlemen. I as- 
sured you in the anteroom when I de- 
clined to remove part of my clothing as a 
prelude to adopting the highwayman's 
mask and night gown that is your custom 
for initiation, that I should resent any as- 
sault upon my person or any low buf- 
foonery. It was only because of the sol- 
emn assurances I received that I per- 
mitted myself to be led blindfolded into 
your lodgeroom. The responsibility of 
my indignant declamation and savage re- 
buke rests not with me. 

"Permit me to say that I am con- 
vinced that when time and sober reason 
have removed the last vestige of the un- 
dignified and debasing practices that dis- 
graced the order in its primitive days, 
and which have unfortunately survived 
in part until to-day, that I shall be asked 
again to present myself before your ex- 
alted ruler. Until then I prefer to pre- 
serve my personal dignity and American 
manliness. The flag that adorns your al- 
tar should be a platform upon which men 
and gentlemen may meet together in 
fond fellowship, in brotherly love and pa- 
triotic enthusiasm, and it ought not to be 
necessary for a candidate to wear a high- 
wayman's mask and an old woman's 
night gown as a fitting* garb in which to 
approach that altar. 

"In vour heart vou know, as does ev- 

May, 1902. 



ery man who witnessed my foolish hu- 
miliation, that I was justified in my an- 
ger, and in the use of the caustic lan- 
guage I employed. I am bound to say 
in all sincerity that I believe that every 
man who wears an Elk's badge, if that 
badge was earned with the wages offered 
me, conies out from the ordeal less of a 
man than when he went in. No lodge 
could give enough to any man to make 
up for what was lost in self-respect. 
Those are my honest views, and I should 
stultify myself if I failed to disclose them. 
I was sincerely anxious to become an 
Elk. I had seen evidences of your splen- 
did charities and beautiful benevolence, 
and I wished to affiliate myself with 
friends and brothers, to add my name to 
a good cause. I had no axe to grind. 
I came to you at the summit of my use- 
fulness and success as a public enter- 
tainer. I had no need to study what I 
should get ; my only thought was that I 
should find in the charities and benevo- 
lence of the Elks an avenue through 
which I might give some of the good in 
me. I have been disappointed, and it 
seems to me now that the only wise 
thing to do is to withdraw my applica- 
tion for membership, and thus let the 
matter drop. I cannot any more in Sep- 
tember than now consent to be made a 
•clown of in order to glut the coarser in- 
stincts of men, whom I believe, outside 
■of this vaudeville department of your or- 
der, to be gentlemen and dignified citi- 



T wish for no controversy, nor have 
I any desire for a quarrel with the Spo- 
kane lodge. It contains too many per- 
sonal friends. I simply think you gentle- 
men are wrong in your attitude toward 
an initiate. 

"You do not think yourselves seri- 
ously enough, nor perform the rites of 
initiation with dignity enough to invite 
into your ranks men of finer sensibili- 

"In asking for the withdrawal of my 
application I am keenly alive to the em- 
barrassments of the situation. I have 
been elected and partly initiated. I have 
walked open-eyed among the parapher- 
nalia of your work and have taken no ob- 
ligation to maintain secrecy. However, 
if the matter is dropped and allowed to 
be forgotten, you may rely upon it that 

I need no oath to bind me to silence as 
to what I saw and heard, or I am ready 
now, or when you will, to take your seri- 
ous work and obligations and become a 
member of your lodge. But it must be 
with my eyes open and under conditions 
that shall impress upon me the fact that 
I am being received into a dignified se- 
cret order. 

"In conclusion, let me ask again that 
the members of your lodge preserve a 
discreet silence as to the circumstances 
of my partial initiation, as I shall. I 
have many friends who are. Elks, the 
managers of nearly all the theaters where 
I appear are Elks, many Elks from time 
to time are employed in my company, 
my two partners in a business enterprise 
are Elks, and my interests are allied on 
every hand to the interests of your broth- 
er Elks. It would be unfair and unfor- 
tunate, therefore, that any controversy 
should arise or any thought of reprisal 
occur to me or to your lodge for the 
contretemps of last Saturday. 

"For you, my dear old friend of 30 
yeais, I assure you I entertain no other 
feeling but that of profound attachment 
and deep regard, and not the least of my 
regrets is that, as my proposer, you 
should have suffered any embarrassment. 

"With sincere good wishes, I am very 
cordially yours, James Neill. 

"Anaconda, Mont." 
—Anaconda Standard, Feb. 4, 1902. 



The text from which Rev. Jerry Roun- 
der preached to his congregation last 
evening was, "Verily, verily, I say unto 
you that it is easier for a camel to crawl 
through the eye of a needle than for a 
man of superlative dignity to go through 
an Elk initiation and not get a few seams 
in his dignity." 

"And Mr. Neill shouldn't expect it." 
said the preacher, jumping into the midst 
of his subject. "What on earth was Mr. 
Neill looking for? Did he expect to be 
carried into a secret society on a silver 
platter? Is it possible that he has lived 
this long and not known that there are 
always doings when the Elks initiate? 



May, 1902. 

Doesn't he know that whenever a society 
of that character initiates there is going 
to be fun, and the more dignified and re- 
served a candidate tries to be the greater 


will be the fall thereof? If Mr. Neill got 
nothing worse handed to him than a 
stuffed club he was getting off lucky. 

''From his open letter it is to be in- 
ferred that Mr. Neill considered his mem- 
bership in the Elks such a condenscen- 
sion to that organization that he would 
be taken in on a bed of roses. Mr. Neill 
is a good man and a pleasant actor. But 
he is no better a man that Fred Warde 
or Louis James or T. Daniel Frawley or 
hundreds of other actors of distinction. 
Better men and greater men, both in and 
out of the theatrical profession, have ta- 
ken the initiation and never squealed. 
Has Mr. Neill already become so great 
that he must have a special dispensation ? 

"I suppose the Elk initiation is a good 
deal like the initiation in other secret 
societies in this country. The one good 

thing about them is that they are great 
levelers. A great man in an initiation 
ceremony is no better than anybody else. 
He gets back to earth mighty quick if 
he has been soaring in the clouds and 
happens to be meditating on his own im- 
portance. A secret society which would 
play favorites ought to be wiped off the 
map. It would have no place in Ameri- 
can life. In a society initiations all are- 
alike. The rich man gets just as much 
handed to him as the poor man, the 
congressman gets the same as the brick- 
layer, all receive the same warm welcome. 
There are no special privileges for the 
gentleman of dignity. In fact, the man 
of great prominence and surpassing dig- 
nity usually gets a few extra frills. The 
society which would pander to a rick 
or prominent man and not give him all 
that's coming to him, the society which 
would be bribed by omitting certain in- 
itiation features in order to gain mem- 
bership, should go out of existence. It 
has no business in American life. 

"In his open letter Mr. Neill referred 
to the American flag. which he said was 
wrapped about the altar during initiation. 
Is Mr. Neill anything more than an 
American citizen ? Was any citizen pres- 
ent anything less than an American citi- 
zen ? Is he so much greater than all oth- 
ers that he must be given special privi- 
leges? Is his person more sacred than 
the persons of others who have been in- 
itiated ? 

"Mr. Neill claims that he was submit- 
ted to indignity. Yet Mr. Neill says 
in his letter that he consented to be 
clothed in a woman's night gown and 
a highwayman's mask. When he con- 
sented to that he himself surrendered his 
own dignity. How could be expect to 
maintain his dignity through an initiation 
ceremony when he entered the hall with 
a night gown on? If his dignity was so- 
precious he should never have consented 
to the donning of that robe. By the way,, 
that must have been awfully ludicrous ! 
The idea of Mr. Neill prancing into the 
hall incased in a night gown ! Who 
could forbear hitting him with a stuffed 
club if he chanced to have one handy ? 

"My boys, whatever you' are, don't be 
pikers. Don't squeal. If you are not 
willing to take what's coming to you, 
stay out. Don't be looking for the best 

May, 1902. 



of it. You may know that you are bet- 
ter than anybody else or than every- 
body else, but don't go around advertis- 
ing the fact. Don't look for special privi- 
ileges, for the world is looking, with a 
stuffed club, for the man who is seeking 
them. If you are not willing to play the 
game, don't get into it. If this world 
isn't good enough for you, go off and 
make a new world of your own. 

"The most unfortunate thing of all, 
my boys, is to find out that you are con- 
siderably better than the rest of human- 
ity. If the time comes when you become 
conscious of that fact, conceal it. For- 
get it. Don't even let your best friend 
suspect that you have discovered it. 
Don't forget that you are still a little 
lower than the angels. 

"To a certain extent this is a free 
country. It is not so free as it once was 
and it is not so free as it might be. But 
there are lots of different games in this 
life and there is no law in this country 
compelling a man to get into a game that 
he doesn't want to get into. If you get 
into a game, my boys, don't squeal. Play 
your share with the rest. Be a good fel- 
low if it kills you." 
— Anaconda Standard. 


Doea He Wish to Bs Sent to the "Grand 
Herd Above?" 

The Elks of Lancaster, Pa., recently 
published an obituary notice of one of 
their deceased in which they stated that 
he had gone to the "grand Herd above." 
Frequently the Red Men in referring to 
their deceased, state they have gone to 
the "happy hunting grounds." How low 
must be the moral character of the men 
that can thus trifle with death, and the 
things of eternity ! 

Judge Fenner, of Nebraska, when 
speaking in a mission in Washington, 
on the immortality of the soul, said : "All 
the noble secret orders such as Masons, 
Oddfellows, Elks, etc., teach the immor- 
tality of the soul." He said he had re- 
cently sat in a lodge of mourning of the 
Elks. As the name of the deceased mem- 
ber was called a light was put out, and 
immediately another was lighted ; this, as 
he thought, beautifully represented the 

passing of a soul from this life to the 
great life beyond. 

It would seem that one who is as 
thoughtful as a judge is supposed to be, 
would, at a glance, detect the danger of 
such teaching in such a way. The man 
who wants to live and die in sin would 
rejoice in this excuse, and perhaps con- 
vince himself that this is much better 
than the church. 

The life oi: dissipation encouraged by 
this lodge hastens the end and so there 
is need for constant mourning. Oh, how 
hollow and shallow are the consolations 
of a thing like this ! 

Mr. Samuel Jack, of Apollo, Pa., said 
to our Eastern Secretary that he was 
severely reprimanded for using the name 
of Christ in prayer in the Masonic lodge 
in that town. There were Jews present. 
He said had he known they were present 
lie should not have used the name of 
Christ. He is an aged man, a member 
of the Methodist Church, and yet says 
he desires the Masons to bury him. He 
knows gentlemen who are Masons. A 
5 ad case, indeed. 


Robert E. Spear, writing an article in 
the "Wellspring" — the Congregational 
young people's paper — on "Shall I Join 
the Church ?" says : 

"In our day the numbers of men who 
make membership in lodge or order or 
brotherhood a substitute for membership 
in the church is very large. There is 
something pathetic in this. The basis of 
these organizations is narrowly mascu- 
line, and often secular or spuriously re- 
ligious, and their method and spirit are 
too often puerile. They are no substitute 
for the church. They have all the de- 
fects alleged against the church without 
its virtues, and every reason for not join- 
ing the church urged by their members is 
ignored in joining them. The man who 
does not want to join any movement 
where there may be hypocrites, dare not 
join such organizations and then urge 
these compunctions as against the 

Be wise with speed, 

A fool at fortv is a fool indeed. 


May, 1902. 

$tett>0 of ©ur Pori 



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Address all letters pertaining to the 
Christian Cynosure, or to the interests of 
the National Christian Association, to 
the general secretary and treasurer, 
Wm. I. Phillips, 221 West Madison 
Street, Chicago, III. 

This number begins a new year in the 
life of the Christian Cynosure. This is 
Volume 35, Number i. Have you, friend- 
ly reader, made any effort to enlarge The 
Cynosure list during the past year ? The 
good cause demands energetic action and 
self-denial. Can you not speak to a 
neighbor and get a new subscriber or en- 
courage a renewal? Just a few words 
from each of the thousands of friends of 
the N.C.A. would give a mighty uplift to 
the reform. Will you speak the words? 

The past month has been one of activ- 
ity in The Cynosure office. Thousands 
of pages of tracts, books and Cynosures 
have gone out, and many responses have 
come back. Some letters are from friends 
and others from foes of our work, but 
every letter is instructive, for, if we can 
learn what is the matter with a person 
we can then prescribe a helpful remedy. 

The great importance of the decision 
of the Supreme Court in the Bissell case 
has led us to publish it at length in this 
number of The Cynosure. It is a prece- 
dent of special value here in the West 
and will be read with interest. 

Two hundred thousand pages of new 
tracts were printed last month, besides 
five thousand booklets of fifty-five pages 
each. There are fourteen tracts — envel- 
ope size — from four to sixteen pages 
each. A sample package will be sent 
postpaid for 15 cents to any address. 

New York City, April 5, 1902. 
Dear Brother: 

Would so much like to accept your 
kind invitation, but am not able just yet. 
Will be pleased to in the near future, I 
trust. Am delighted with the prosper- 
ity He is giving to you and to me. 

Kind wishes and respects to all, His 
and thine. Stephen Merritt. 


Bequest for that Purpose to Nfw Hnfflani 
Christian Association. 

A corner building, with light on both 
sides, will be erected or purchased by 
the New England Christian Association 
for its Boston headquarters, pursuant to 
the stipulations made in his will by the 
late George Buck of Putnam, Conn., who 
has bequeathed $10,000 to the association 
for that purpose. To meet further pro- 
visions of the will, $15,000 will be added 
by the society to the 'above sum. 

The New England Christian Associa- 
tion is an auxiliary of the National Chris- 
tian Association, the object of which, as 
stated in its articles of incorporation, is 
"to oppose, withstand and seek the re- 
moval of all secret organizations." The 
New England branch was founded early 
in the '60s. It has at times met with bit- 
ter opposition from various orders. 

The Rev. J. P. Stoddard, of Roxbury, 
secretary of the organization, was not 
at home when the reporter called yester- 
day at his residence, 28 Rockland street. 
Mrs. Stoddard informed the reporter that 
a substantial part of the $15,000 required 
in addition to the sum bequeathed had 
already been raised, and that no difficulty 
was anticipated in securing the balance 

of the sum. 
— Boston Post. 

Mr. Buck had been for years a bitter 
antagonist of secret organizations, both 
secular and religious. He leaves a con- 
siderable estate, all of which will eventu- 

May, 1902. 



ally fall into the hands of the New Eng- 
land Association. 
—Boston Post. 

The above item of good news was 
omitted from the April Cynosure by mis- 
take. Let everyone who can help secure 
the New England Home for our reform 
write to Rev. J. P. Stoddard, 218 Colum- 
bus avenue, Boston, Mass., and give as 
much as possible of the amount to secure 
the entire sum needed. 


Macon, Mo., x\pril 17, 1902. 

Dear Cynosure — A boy on the train 
yesterday said he sold his little oranges, 
three for 15 cents, or four for 25 cents: 
He seemed to have as much of an eye for 
business as the ordinary lodge — usually 
the less of value given the greater the 

After the Altoona, Pa., convention and 
a brief visit at home, we spent a Sabbath 
with Mennonite friends at Bally, Pa. We 
have always been cordially received there, 
but never have we received such evi- 
dence of the appreciation of our work as 
this time. We preached at Bally and 
Zionsville, the two points on Rev. A. S. 
Shelly 's charge. A collection of $10.50 
was offered in aid of our work. A brief 
stop in Philadelphia brought encourage- 

A week was spent in the great city of 
New York. There we found that the 
late Brooklyn convention had strength- 
ened some, and brought a knowledge of 
the work to others, who will hereafter 
read The Cynosure. A Sabbath was 
spent with my father in Boston. 

My planned work in the East was cut 
short by the request of our General Sec- 
retary that we visit the West. So here 
I am more than 1,000 miles from home 
in this dry and dusty land of Missouri. 
Another season such as last, and there 
will be much suffering through this sec- 
tion. The early rains have not come. The 
farmer looks to the future with anxiety. 

In St. Louis we lectured in the Cove- 
nanter Church, and also in Concordia 
Seminary. We have for years desired to 
visit this seminary, which is the ministe- 

rial fountain for the Missouri Synod 
Lutheran Church. We found able pro- 
fessors and ample provision for the work 
in hand. Our address, which was fol- 
lowed by a long list of question, lasted 
from 7:30 to 10 o'clock. Seven dollars 
was handed me, with the remark that it 
was a slight expression of the apprecia- 
tion of my efforts. It was indeed grati- 
fying to be able to contribute to the fund 
of knowledge which these nearlv 200 
young men will carry with them to give 
out in future years to those to whom they 
minister. God bless this strong army 
of anti-secrecy men soon to take their 
places in the field of conflict with the 
powers of darkness. 

Our hope to arrange for a conference 
at Centralia, this State, is not to be real- 
ized. We did not find any friends there 
willing to stand by or assist in such an 

God will open the right door and we 
shall report victory. 

Yours in the conflict, 

W. B. Stoddard. 


Price, Postpaid, 10 Cents. 

This booklet contains the Resolutions 
of the General Congregational Associa- 
tion of Illinois on Secret Societies from 
1846 to 1894, also testimony of the 
American Missionary Association on the 
evils of secret societies among the col- 
ored people in the South. 

The opinions of the best known Con- 
gregational ministers and evangelists, 
east and west, are to be found in this 
valuable compilation. 

This is the second edition of this book- 
let and it has an especial interest at this 
time from the fact of a widely circulated 
declaration of a Congregational pastor 
that such views as given in this pamph- 
let were un-Congregational. 

True, conscious honor, is to feel no sin ; 
He's armed without that's innocent with- 

Consciousness of ignorance is no small 
part of knowledge. 
—St. Jerome. 



May, 1902. 

We have received notice of what seems 
to be a very important meeting to be held 
on May 5th, here in Chicago, of minis- 
ters who are in sympathy with an effort 
to save men from entering secret socie- 
ties, that they may be saved to Christ and 
His church. There are some two hun- 
dred and fifty pastors in Chicago who can 
be listed among this number. 

A writer in The American Tyler says 
of Albert Pike : "Surely, no man has 
done more for his fellow men than he." 
This remark must be taken with a grain 
of salt and in a Masonic sense. Read the 
articles on him and his work in this num- 


In the April Cynosure, page 375, Mr. 
Will Inman writes from Shelbyville, 111., 
that every county office in that county is 
held by a Freemason except one, and he 
is an Oddfellow. He now writes that 
he was mistaken about the County Treas- 
urer being an Oddfellow. He is not a 
member of any secret society. 


I am glad to find that the National 
Christian Association is still earnestly 
prosecuting its important Home Mis- 
sionary work. 

Rich'd Randolph. 

Tell the convention that this is from a 
member of the progressive (Dunkards) 
Brethren in Philadelphia, and that I am 
ashamed of every brother and sister in 
the Brethren Church who does not heart- 
ily join in the spirit and purpose of the 
anti-secrecy conventions, and work. 

N. C. Cassel. 

I am considered the "oldest" specimen 
of humanity in all this neighborhood, a 
variety of epithets are applied to me, and 
more, I am at a disadvantage in both 
church and State. I keep loaning books 
and dispense a few tracts, but many like 
our county school superintendent, when 
offering him some, tell me, "I have no 
time to read trash." But many people 

won't read for fear of being convinced 
and condemned. A. Bonnett. 

Sometime ago, in a revival meeting, a 
young man was convicted of his sins.. He 
gave his heart to the Lord Jesus Christ. 
He told me that the Lord showed him 
the sinfulness of the lodge. He renounced 
it at once and threw his badges in the 
fire and burned them. C. F. Kreider. 

I can assure you and the brethren, that 
you have my sympathy and prayers on 
your behalf and in behalf of the great 
and noble cause of light and truth which 
you represent. Wm. Wishart. 

You are fighting one of the great foes 
of the family, the Church and the nation. 
Light shall prevail over darkness — -truth 
over error — Christ over Satan. 

Edwin P. Sellew. 

Estelline is a town of about 450 inhab- 
itants and we have now seven lodges. 
We could get along with about seven 
less. Yours truly, J. A. Paulson, 

Estelline, S. D. 

Then be this truth, the star by which we 

Above ourselves our country shall be 



I have been taking Ripans Tabules 
for the dyspepsia, and they have 
helped me wonderfully. I do not 
know any particular way they affect 
me, but they seem to give vigor to 
the entire system. I had a sort of 
languid feeling, but since taking the 
Tabules I feel spirited and have not 
that melancholy way about me. I 
think they are good for a general 
build-up of the system, as they seem 
to act like a tonic. 

At druggists. 
The Five-iCent packet is enough for an ordinary- 
occasion. The family bottle," 60 cents, con- 
tains a supply for a year. 

May, 1902. 






Wills — Competency of Testator— Bequest — 
Validity — Conveyances — suit to Be Set 


1. Evidence examined, and held to sup- 
port the finding of the court that a testator 
was competent to make a will and a convey- 
ance of property. 

2. One may will his property for the pro- 
morion of any object that is not illegal, im- 
moral, or against the public policy of the 

3. In a suit to set aside a conveyance of 
real estate, brought by the heirs of a de- 
ceased grantor, the court upheld the convey- 
ance, and found that it had been made in 
trust for certain purposes set out in the de- 
cree, and ordering the execution of the trust 
by the grantee named in the deed. Held, 
that, while this part of the findings and de- 
cree was outside the issues made by the 
pleadings, the heirs had no standing to com- 
plain of the same. 

(Syllabus by the Court.) 

Commissioners' opinion. Department 
No. 3. Appeal from district court, Rich- 
ardson County ; Letton, Judge. 

Actions between Orlan Thomas and 
others and the National Christian Asso- 

ciation of Illinois, and others. From the 
judgment, Orlan Thomas and others ap- 
peal. Affirmed. 

Reavis & Reavis, S. P. Davidson, I. E. 
Smith, and Edwin Falloon, for appel- 
lants. Francis Martin and C. Gillespie, 
for appellees. 

DUFFIE, C. The first of the above- 
entitled causes is a contest of the will of 
William C. Bissell, deceased, and the 
second is an equitable action brought to 
set aside a deed made by said Bissell to 
one Phillips, and executed by him at the 
same time he made the will in contro- 
versy. The questions in each case re- 
late to the mental capacity of the grantor 
and testator at the time of the execution 
of said instruments, and the legal right 
of Bissell to devote his property to the 
object which it is claimed was intended. 
Both the deed and will were executed by 
Bissell on Jan. 28, 1898, and he died on 
the nth day of April following. He was 
87 years of age at the time of his death ; 
a man of fine education, being a graduate 
of Yale College ; had been a teacher for 
some years ; and at the time of his death 
had accumulated property estimated to 
be worth $18,000. The greater part in 
value 'of this property consisted of a half 
section of land in Richardson County, 
and this half section he deeded to one 
Phillips on Jan. 28, 1898, this being the 
conveyance in controversy in the first 
action. The will executed on the same 
day provided : First, for the payment 
of all the testator's debts and funeral ex- 
penses and the costs of a suitable monu- 
ment ; second, he gave to his wife, Mary 
C. Bissell, the use, profits, rents, and in- 
comes of all the remainder of his property 
during her natural life, in lieu of any 
right, interest, or claim which she might 
otherwise have in his property by the 
laws of Nebraska. The will further pro- 
vided that after the death of his wife, 
Mrs. Ida M. Carsh, a niece, should re- 
ceive the sum of $500, and Isaiah C. Fow- 
ler, a nephew, the sum of $500. He fur- 
ther directed that such person or persons 
as should be intrusted by letters testa- 
mentary or of administration with the 
execution of his will should, upon the 
death of his wife, sell at public auction, 
for cash, all real or personal property left 
by him and then remaining undisposed 



May, 1902. 

of, and transfer the same to the purchaser 
or purchasers after paying the legacies 
above mentioned, and the remainder of 
the proceeds was to be paid over to the 
National Christian Association, incorpo- 
rated under the laws of the State of Il- 
linois, having its principal place of busi- 
ness in Chicago. John Holman, of Hum- 
boldt, Neb., and William I. Phillips, of 
Wheaton, 111., were made executors of 
this will. The charter or articles of in- 
corporation of the National Christian As- 
cociation was not introduced in evidence, 
and the only knowledge which we have 
of its purpose and power is derived from 
the evidence of William I. Phillips, its 
general secretary. He states that it is 
a corporation organized under the laws 
of the State of Illinois ; that it was not 
organized for pecuniary profit, there be- 
ing no stock, and no profits ; that 
the general purposes of the corpora- 
tion are the removal of things that hin- 
der the kingdom of Christ on the earth. 
It is an evangelical missionary society, 
which, among other things, seeks the re- 
moval of secret societies, or, rather, the 
keeping of Christians from uniting with 
secret societies, and getting them to come 
out from among them and be separated 
from them for various reasons. After 
this statement he was asked, "That is the 
general purpose of the association, — to 
oppose secret societies?" and he an- 
swered : "That is among its purposes ; is 
not its only purpose. It is the only as- 
sociation that makes a specialty of oppo- 
sition to secret societies. That is its gen- 
eral character. Q. In a general way, 
you are opposed to all secret organiza- 
tions ; but isn't it a fact that it is the 
avowed purpose of your corporation to 
tight secret societies? A. That is one 
of its avowed purposes. Q. W T as there 
any other avowed purpose mentioned in 
3'our articles of incorporation? A. It 
mentions whatever hinders the kingdom 
of Christ. Q. Well, that is a little in- 
definite. Their specific object is to fight 
secret societies ? A. They are to oppose 
secret societies, the Masons in particular. 
O. That is stated in your articles of in- 
corporation? A. Yes, sir. Q. What 
other evils in society are you to fight, 
named in the articles of incorporation? 
A. I don't recollect that there is any 

specific evil named besides that." Again, 
in his testimony, Mr. Phillips, in reply to 
a question as to how the missionaries of 
the society discharged their duties, said 
that "they preach as other ministers 
preach, more or less, and assist some- 
times in revivals." On being asked 
whether the corporation was under the 
supervision of any particular church, he 
answered : "No, sir ; it is inter-denomina- 
tional ; understand, it is not a denomina- 
tional association. There were seventeen 
different denominations represented in 
its organization. The agents often preach 
as other ministers do, — occupy the pulpit 
and preach what are called sermons. 
They sometimes hold revival meetings, 
as ordinarily meant by that term, without 
any special reference to the lodge ques- 
tion and they often lecture on temper- 
ance. Of course, wherever a way opens, 
they present the principles of the asso- 
ciation to the public, but they do not 
preach against those who are members of 
secret societies. They simply present the 
principles which they believe and the 
principles of Christianity as we under- 
stand them, — that Jesus Christ and His 
doctrine are not in harmony with the 
teaching of secret societies. Q. You are 
out to convince people of that ? A. Yes, 
sir ; that is the object. 

We believe that the foregoing fairly 
represents, so far as the record discloses, 
the object and purpose of the National 
Christian Association, but, as before stat- 
ed, this is not gathered from the articles 
of the association themselves, but from 
the testimony of Mr. Phillips as it was 
drawn out by the contestants of the will. 
The association also publishes a paper or 
periodical called the "Cynosure," and 
Mr. Bissell had been subscriber to this 
publication for many years, and for 25 
years or more had bitterly opposed all 
secret societies, and especially the Ma- 
sonic society ; and one of the contestants 
testified that it was his opinion, mani- 
fested by his words, that the Masonic 
order was the oldest, most powerful, and 
wickedest of the secret fraternities ; that 
it was antagonistic to our civil govern- 
ment, and that the higher degrees of Ma- 
sonry would uphold any of its members 
in any crime, not excepting murder and 
treason. Another witness testified that 

May, 1902. 


he gave as his reason for opposing se- 
cret societies that they would commit 
crimes, and that no Christian man could 
be a member of a lodge. He could not 
be a Christian if he was a member of any 
of these secret orders. In 1892, Bissell 
wrote a will, which lie denominated "my 
first last will and testament," providing: 
First. For the payment of all debts and 
funeral expenses, and a monument not to 
cost exceeding $100. Second. His wife 
to have the income from his estate during 
her natural life, but subject to an annual 
payment of $25 to be made to his sister,' 
Melissent Herrick. Third. After the 
death of his wife, the said Melissent Her- 
rick was to be paid $100 per annum for 
the term of five years if she should live 
so long, the $25 per annum to be paid 
during the life of his wife to be deducted 
therefrom ; to his niece, Mrs. Carsh, 
$500 ; to his nephew, Isaiah G. Fowler, in 
trust for his second son, the sum of $500 ; 
said National Christian Association the 
' sum of $1,000, to be used in promoting 
the general objects of said corporation in 
Richardson County, Neb. ; to the trus- 
tees of Wheaton College the sum of $500, 
to be used and applied at the rate of $50 
per annum in payment of all teaching 
expenses in said college of some young 
man or young woman whose piety and 
natural abilities promise future useful- 
ness, and whose avowed purpose is to 
•devote himself or herself to the service 
of God and humanity, and who is known 
as a witness for Jesus Christ against se- 
cret societies and Freemasonry in par- 
ticular. After the death of his wife, the 
will provided that his property should be 
sold at private sale on such terms as 
might be deemed best, or at public auc- 
tion, for cash, on reasonable notice, and 
the proceeds of such sales, after paying 
the above-mentioned legacies was to be 
paid over to the National Christian As- 
sociation, to be used by said association 
in promoting in the State of Nebraska 
the objects for which said association was 
incorporated. The first will, together 
with other evidence in the case, mani- 
fested a disposition of long standing on 
the part of Mr. Bissell to devote his prop- 
erty, or the greater part thereof, to the 
work of the National Christian Associa- 
tion. Some time prior to the making of 

the will, a rumor came to the ears of Mr. 
and Mrs. Bissell that some party held, or 
claimed to hold, a large claim, which 
would be presented as a demand against 
his estate after his death ; and we learn 
from the testimony of Mrs. Bissell that 
in talking over the rumor with her hus- 
band he was greatly disturbed with the 
thought that a contest might arise over 
his will, and she advised him to send for 
Mr. Phillips, and to make a disposition 
of his property during his lifetime. Mr. 
Phillips was accordingly sent for, and 
arrived in Humboldt, as we infer from 
the testimony, Jan. 27. He apparently 
brought a blank form of will, and the 
will in. question, as well as the convey- 
ance of the half section of land, was writ- 
ten by Phillips. A considerable part of 
the appellant's briefs are devoted to the 
question of undue influence exerted by 
Phillips in this regard, and to a con- 
spiracy claimed to exist on the part of 
Phillips and some other parties to pro- 
cure the execution of these instruments. 
The evidence discloses that the instru- 
ment was written by Phillips at the house 
of Mr. Holman, and it is said that Bis- 
sell was dragged from his home, and 
from the side of his sick wife, the more 
surely to be coerced in the absence of 
friends and relatives into this disposition 
of his property. The circumstance of 
these instruments being written at the 
Holman residence is, we think, fully and 
fairly explained. The house occupied by 
Mr. Bissell at the time was small, con- 
sisting, as we understand it, of but three 
rooms. Mrs. Bissell was sick, and had 
two attendants. After the arrival of Mr. 
Phillips, Holman called to ascertain the 
condition of Mrs. Bissell, and while there, 
being informed that Mr. Phillips had 
come from Wheaton to transact some 
business for Bissell, and, observing that 
there was no place at the Bissell house 
where they could transact their business 
privately, he invited them to his own 
house, and to the use of his office, he hav- 
ing an office room in his residence. The 
invitation was accepted, and the papers, 
as we understand it, were there prepared 
for execution. A careful examination of 
the record not only fails to disclose any 
unfair or coercive measures used on the 
part of Phillips, or any one else, to pro- 



May, 1902. 

cure the execution of these instruments, 
but we think it fairly appears from all the 
evidence that they were made deliberate- 
ly, and after mature consideration on the 
part of Bissell, to carry out a long-cher- 
ished purpose, which the court cannot 
interfere with, provided the object of his 
bounty is neither illegal, immoral, nor 
contrary to public policy. It is insisted, 
however, that the decedent was a mono- 
maniac in his opposition to secret socie- 
ties, and that the making of this will and 
deed was the direct result of a delusion 
entertained by him that such societies, 
and the Masonic order in particular, were 
immoral, criminal, and subversive to 
Christian principles and good govern- 
ment. We have found nothing in the ev- 
idence to justify such a belief. Aside 
from the usual failure of memory attend- 
ing men of his age, there is nothing in 
the record to show that he was not in full 
possession of his faculties, and perfectly 
competent to transact his business. It is 
true that he was opposed to all secret 
societies, and bitterly opposed to the Ma- 
sonic order. That this opposition had 
unbalanced his mind in that respect is 
nowhere shown. He undoubtedly believ- 
ed that the world would be better with- 
out the existence of these societies. He 
believed that they were opposed to the 
teachings of Christ, and no doubt believ- 
ed that too many men sought the lodge 
room rather than church fellowship. But 
such belief, entertained, as all know the 
case to be, by many good citizens and 
Christian men, is not evidence of an in- 
sane delusion. Thousands of our best 
citizens to-day believe the same thing, 
and the courts would be overwhelmed 
with contests over wills and conveyances 
did they accept such a belief alone as ev- 
idence of an insane delusion which would 
avoid a deed or a testamentary devise. 

It is further argued that the devise was 
illegal, and the ground of the argument 
is this : By chapter 16 of the statutes of 
Nebraska, subordinate lodges of Ancient 
Free and Accepted Masons, all organized 
subordinate lodges of the I. O. O. F., 
and Farmers' Alliance, Knights of Labor, 
the Grand Lodge of Knights of Pythias, 
and other secret societies named, are 
made bodies corporate. It is said that 
these societies are recognized by the laws 

.of this State as legal, moral, and worthy 
societies, and that any disposition of 
property made for the purpose of using- 
the proceeds to oppose these organiza- 
tions is illegal and void. With this con- 
tention we cannot agree. This is a coun- 
try of free speech and free opinions. One 
who does not believe in secret societies, 
who thinks that their tendency is bad, has 
a right in every legitimate way to oppose 
their growth, and to seek by all legal 
means to cause their members to with- 
draw their membership. He may go out 
upon the street and preach against their 
existence, and he may hire others to do 
the same. No lawyer of standing would, 
we think, risk his reputation by urging 
that Mr. Bissell could avoid payment of 
any sum he might agree to pay Mr. Phil- 
lips, or any other speaker, for delivering 
a lecture in opposition to secret societies. 
He would not urge to the court that Mr. 
Bissell would not be liable for the rent 
of a hall engaged by him for such a pur- 
pose. He would not urge that Mr. Bis- 
sell might escape payment of his sub- 
scription to the Cynosure upon the 
ground that it was advocating illegal 
principles ; and, if not, why might not he 
devote his property at his death for the 
employment of men to advocate the 
same principles for which he would be 
legally liable, had he contracted with 
them to advocate during his lifetime? 
Why may he not bequeath his property 
to the use of any purpose for which he 
could legally pledge it in his lifetime? 
Many churches oppose secret societies. 
Their ministers preach their opposition 
from the pulpit, and yet no one has ad- 
vocated that they be suppressed for de- 
nouncing legal and legitimate organiza- 
tions, and no one has yet sought to avoid 
a subscription to a church upon the 
ground that it is advocating principles 
at war with the legally established insti- 
tutions of the State. It might be further 
stated that Bissell had no children, and 
no nearer blood relation than the neph- 
ews and nieces who are the contestants 
in this case. While they were on friendly 
terms, no great degree of intimacy ap- 
pears to have existed between them. Mrs. 
Bissell testified that none of them had 
visited him during the 25 or 26 years 
of his residence in Humboldt, and that, 

May, 1902. 


while there were occasional letters passed 
no intimate relations existed between 
them. We speak of this to show that, 
aside from his wife, there was no near 
relation to whom his property could be 
left, and to observe that it is not a case 
where a father disinherits his children, or 
those whom he would naturally be ex- 
pected to provide for. 

Objections were taken to some of the 
instructions given by the court, and the 
refusal of the court to give others re- 
quested by the contestants. We have 
before remarked that, in our opinion, 
there was no evidence tending in any 
reasonable degree to show that the testa- 
tor was not perfectly competent to make 
a will, or to otherwise dispose of his 
property. Indeed, we think that the court 
would have been fully warranted in tak- 
ing the case from the jury and directing a 
verdict. In this view of the case, it 
would be a useless waste of time to re- 
view the instructions given or refused. 
The verdict was the only one which 
could have been sustained under the evi- 
dence, and whether the instructions in all 
cases announced a correct rule of law for 
the guidance of the jury becomes imma- 
terial. If error inhered in the instructions 
given, or if the court improperly refused 
instructions announcing correct rules for 
the determination of the case by the jury, 
it was error without prejudice, and could 
not affect the result. 

The court found that the deed made 
by Bissell to Phillips was in trust for cer- 
tain purposes fully set out in the decree, 
but not necessary to be repeated in this 
opinion. Objection is made to this find- 
ing as entirely outside the issues made 
by the pleadings, and not responding to 
any question in controversy between the 
parties. At first impression we were in- 
clined to believe that the court had com- 
mitted serious error in extending its de- 
cree beyond the controversy made by the 
immediate parties to the action, and de- 
claring a trust in the property conveyed 
in favor of Mrs. Bissell and others. On 
more mature consideration we have con- 
cluded that the appellants have no cause 
of complaint. By the decree of the court 
the appellants were found to have no 
right or interest in the property. That 
was an end of their case. What became 

of the property thereafter was no concern 
of theirs, and they have no standing to 
question the decree except in so far as it 
affects their own claim of title. The 
court with commendable care used its 
power to carry into effect the evident and 
obvious desire of Mr. Bissell in the dis- 
position of his estate. No one having 
any interest therein is complaining of the 
decree entered, and we recommend that 
the judgment be affirmed. — (Decision of 
Supreme Court of Nebraska. Jan. 8, 

ALBERT and AMES, CC, concur. 

PER CURIAM. For the reasons stat- 
ed in the foregoing opinion, the judg- 
ment of the district court is affirmed. 


The sad news has come to us of the 
death of James S. Hitchcock, of Temper- 
ance, Mich. He was the eldest brother 
of our well known member of the N. C. 
A. Board of Directors, Mr. John M. 
Hitchcock. These two abolition broth- 
ers taught school in the slave State of 
Kentucky in 1856 and it seemed to 
strengthen and cement their intimacy and 
sympathy with each other in the great 
questions upon which have hinged the 
destiny of church and state in their day. 
A further notice will appear in the June 
Cynosure. Our sympathy is extended 
to all of the friends, but especially to the 
immediate family and the brother named 

The beloved wife of our Brother, Cy- 
rus Smith, of Grand River, Iowa, fin- 
ished her earthly labors last month. She 
will be greatly missed among her neigh- 
bors because of her strong sympathy for 
anyone sick or in trouble. "There was 
never a night so dark or cold or a day 
so stormy that she could not go and re- 
lieve, to the full extent of her power, 
the afflicted and suffering." She was 
bom in 1847 in the State of New York. 
Having been afflicted herself, she knew 
how to comfort those who needed sym- 
pathy and help. 



May, 1902. 


Mrs. Emily Holbrook died at her 
home in Barrington, Cook County, Illi- 
nois, March 31, 1902, aged 66 years 7 
days. She had been a reader of The Cy- 
nosure ever since it was published and 
although an intense sufferer many years, 
maintained a lively interest in the work 
of the National Christian Association, 
speaking of its principles as she had op- 

One sister, Mrs. Chloe Peirce, and a 
nephew, E. H. Gould, miss the compan- 
ionship of one who was brave and cheer- 
ful through great trials. 


Between the "Mornine Call" of Paterson, 
N. J., and Rev. J. A. Weatervelt. 

(Continued from the April number, page 384.) 

The letter of Mr. Schrabisch reads 
thus : 

To the Editor of the Call— It is with great 
satisfaction that I have noticed in to-day's 
issue of the Call a reply to Rev. Westervelt's 
scurrilous arraignment of Freemasonry. The 
author of it, Mr. Bishop, well knowing that 
Freemasonry needs no defense, as its noble 
aims have placed it in the front rank of all 
truly civilizing efforts of the human race, 
cleverly confines himself to ridiculing the 
Dutch minister's idiotic animadversions and 
ludicrous effusions, thereby following the 
policy contained in the French proverb, "Le 
ridicule tue." 

The times are happily past when Free- 
masonry had to suffer bloody persecutions at 
the hands of the well-known and historical 
intolerance of the church. The last of this 
kind, if we are not mistaken, took place in 
Spain about 1819, when the church caused 
thousands of Free Masons, among their num- 
ber the most intelligent citizens of that coun- 
try, to be imprisoned, tortured, murdered and 

It is an incontrovertible matter of fact that 
Freemasonry embraces among its devotees 
the best class of men, both morally and in- 
tellectually, in all parts of the civilized world, 
men whose objects in joining the order are 
generally of the most commendable sort. At- 
tacks upon it by unprogressive and atavistic 
clericals prove to us again and again that the 
old spirit of Irreconcilable intolerance and 
hatred of truth, that has so often retarded the 
evolution of mankind toward a higher goal, 
is still extant in our midst. Yours respect- 

These, not only un-Christian but also 

uncivil letters, are given not because they 
possess any real worth or value in them- 
selves, but simply to show all that was 
printed on both sides. No doubt the Call 
editor thought that these letters and the 
lengthy reply of his Masonic man were 
unanswerable, or that the undersigned, 
would drop the matter. Had I not 
thought that some might be misled and 
wrongly impressed by the Call's state- 
ments, I would have been willing to drop 
it. But I felt that in the interest of truth 
and right a reply was demanded. Accord- 
ingly, on the 12th of December, I sent the 
following, which the editor of said paper 
refused to publish. His reasons for re- 
fusing will be found in his own letter,, 
which is herewith given, as well as my 
final letter to him. What I sent him on. 
December 12th is this : 

To the Editor of the Call : 

Dear Sir : In the matter of our recent 
discussion pertaining to the subject of 
Freemasonry, let me say if the spirit 
manifested by Mr. Bishop and Mr. Schra- 
bisch in their letters is a fair sample of 
that which is possessed and shown by 
Freemasons generally, this alone would 
prove the truth of .my charge that Ma- 
sonry is un-Christian and it would not be 
necessary to write more upon the subject. 
One of the recent writers in defense of 
Masonry uses the power of his pen in 
calling those who differ from him fools. 
If he is familiar with the Jewish Talmud 
he must know the doom of those who call 
their brother a fool, but with intelligent 
people calling' of people fools and asses, 
is not considered very weighty argument. 

But passing by the derisive communi- 
cations of Messrs. Bishop and Schra- 
bisch, I ask your indulgence while en- 
deavoring to answer some of the ques- 
tions asked by Prof. Rauchfuss. The 
sportive way in which you speak of his 
revelations (?) may amuse some, but it 
is a very thin disguise, and for your Ma- 
sonic Professor to call the wheat of truth 
chaff is a method quite similar to that of 
the cuttle fish, which stirs up the mud 
or throws out something that darkens the 
water to avoid detection. 

All Freemasons are not so ready to im- 
part information as Prof. Rauchfuss pro- 
fesses to be. The majority of them are 
suspiciously silent, I suppose on account 

May, 1002. 



of the secret oaths which they have taken 
and because they love darkness rather 
than light. But I would ask your Pro- 
fessor why he, in describing the initiation 
of the candidate, gave what he imagined 
it would be before he joined the Masons? 
Why did he not give it as he found it 
when he united? As he found nothing 
of the things to which he refers in the 
Blue Lodge or Chapter, perhaps his refer- 
ence to the "Chamber of Reflection" was 
to let those who, like himself, had taken 
many degrees, know that he was "up in 
the mysteries." Those in the lower de- 
grees would of course laugh at what 
would appear to them as his foolish im- 
aginations. Had the Professor imag- 
ined that when he entered the lodge he 
would in Masonic language "be neither 
naked nor clothed, neither bare foot nor 
shod, with a hoodwink over his eyes, and 
a cord called a cable-tow about his neck," 
his vision would have accorded with the 

In reply to the question, Is it true that 
Masons take an oath under horrible 
threat of vengeance should they divulge 
any part of the proceedings, I can say 
from good authority that it is true, 
whether the threat has ever been carried 
out or not. The information that at fu- 
nerals Masons pray to the Creator was 
not news, nor that Masonry requires a 
belief in a Supreme Being. But what 
kind of a belief is it ? The devil believes 
in a Supreme Being, yet he is trying to 
dethrone Christ, and this is what the 
lodge and every other false system of 
worship is trying to do. The Jew, Deist, 
Unitarian, Mohammedan, Chinese, etc., 
who are connected with the lodge, join in 
its worship as well as initiation. Would 
these persons do this if it was of a Chris- 
tian character? 

He inquires why do I not state the real 
object of Masonry? I did state some of 
its objects, but does it not stand in order 
for him as an advocate of the cause to 
state its object? As to charity, every 
Christian church, if true to its principles, 
cares for its members, and, more than 
that, follows the Divine command to do 
good to all men. If he will bring proof 
showing the truth of his statement that 
"there is not one State in the Union that 
does not have a Masonic home for its old 

members and its orphans," he will be paid 
amply for his trouble in securing evi- 
dence. The fact is that such evidence 
can not be found. Without stopping to 
discuss the question if the aged Mason 
does not pay for all he gets in such a 
home, let me say further for every Ma- 
sonic home the Professor will locate I 
will locate ten homes sustained by Chris- 
tians and Christian churches for the bene- 
fit of those who have not money nor phy- 
sical ability enough to enter a Masonic 
lodge, to say nothing of paying enough 
to get into its home. 

Regarding the antiquity of the institu- 
tion, Emanuel Rebold, in his history of 
Freemasonry, which is sold by all Ma- 
sonic publishing houses, and I am in- 
formed regarded by the craft as authen- 
tic, states that speculative Masonry as 
practiced to-day was instituted in Apple- 
tree tavern, London, in the year 171 7. 
But whether Masonry has been long or 
short lived matters not in a discussion of 
its merits. No sane man would argue 
that many forms of sin have not existed 
since the fall of our first parents. 

The good man argument, which is 
used, has been presented as a shield for 
nearly every sin in the catalogue. It was 
brought forward in support of slavery. 
It is used to-day in support of the liquor 
and other traffics in infamy. It is said, 
"Great men have great failings." Be- 
cause a man excels in one line does not 
argue that he does not fail in another. 
George Washington, when a young man, 
united with the Masons, but his interest 
in the Masonic lodge is shown by what 
he himself wrote to a clergyman, Sept. 
25th, 1798. In this letter he said, "I pre- 
side over none (Masonic lodges) nor 
have I been in one more than once or 
twice during the last thirty years," and in 
his farewell address he made declarations 
opposed to them. General U. S. Grant 
was never a Mason. In his personal me- 
moirs his convictions in regard to the 
matter he expressed as follows, "All se- 
cret, oath-bound parties are dangerous, 
no matter how pure or how patriotic the 
motives and principles which first bring 
them together." 

Your Professor charges me with call- 
ing Masons anarchists. This is not true. 
In a former letter I presented reasons for 



May, 1902. 

my belief that Masonry and kindred or- 
ders are anarchistic in teaching and ten- 
dency. I am still of that belief, notwith- 
standing the Professor says this will be 
news to the police. He seems to fail to 
recognize that there may be a difference 
between an institution and men connect- 
ed with it. I have been told by those who 
study this subject that the ordinary Ma- 
son knows comparatively little about the 
lodge teaching. A man to understand it 
thoroughly must devote some time to its 
study. Rob Morris, one of the fathers in 
Masonry, and for years an instructor in 
the precepts of Masonry, says in regard 
to the oath, "No law of the land can af- 
fect it, no anathema of the church can 
weaken it, it is irrevocable." If such 
teaching is not anarchistic then I fail to 
understand the meaning of words, and 
would ask your Professor to tell me what 
they mean. I hold also that the Lodge's 
vows are anarchistic because they militate 
against justice. Masons are sworn to 
protect and defend their brother Masons 
(certain gross crimes excepted), hence a 
certain lawyer once said that he always 
challenged a man drawn for a jury if the 
juryman and the party to be tried were 
known to be Masons. Why ? Because it 
would be a difficult matter to obtain jus- 
tice under such circumstances. Daniel 
Webster gave his opinion of secret oaths 
and secret associations in the following 
words, "All secret associations, the mem- 
bers of which take upon themselves ex- 
traordinary obligations to one another, 
and are bound together by secret oaths, 
are natural sources of jealousy and just 
alarm to others, and especially unfavor- 
able to harmony and mutual confidence 
among men living together under public 
institutions, and are dangerous to the 
general cause of civil liberty and justice." 
Hence is not my charge true that Mason- 
ry is anarchistic, notwithstanding that 
there may be some good men in it ? 

If the Professor wishes to compare 
names I will offer the name of one promi- 
nent public man, who has been active in 
his opposition to Masonry, for every 
name he will mention of a public man 
who has advocated it. Among these 
names I would mention John Quincy Ad- 
ams, Thaddeus Stevens, Millard Fill- 
more, Charles Sumner, Chief Justice 

Marshall, President Charles G. Finney, 
Dwight L. Moody, Joseph Cook, and men 
of like national reputation. With the ex- 
ception of the G. A. R., Benjamin Har- 
rison belonged to no secret society. Gro- 
ver Cleveland never united with the 
lodge. And many others could be men- 

As to the clergymen who are members 
of this popular fraternity I would like to 
ask them if an order that compels affilia- 
tion with those who professedly reject 
Christ, and with those who consider it 
meritorious to kill Christians, as Moham- 
medans and pagans do, can in any sense 
be called Christian? Also what signifi- 
cance is there in a Masonic or other 
prayer that ignores Jesus Christ, who is 
the only way of approach to the Father, 
and the only name under heaven given 
among men whereby we can be saved? 
And also if they think it consistent and 
Christ honoring to support the teachings 
of such orders as wink at profanity and 
profligacy, and sit in the secret conclave 
and pass resolutions like this, "Whereas, 
Our beloved brother has left the lodge on 
earth and gone to the grand lodge above," 
etc., when the brother was no believer in 
the Lord Jesus Christ ? Should they who 
are the ambassadors of Christ fellowship 
with those who are despisers of Christ 
and his word, and call them brothers and 
masters? Can they preach against the 
hidden things of dishonesty, and exhort 
their hearers to have no fellowship with 
the unfruitful works of darkness, to come 
out from among them and be separate, 
and touch not the unclean thing," if they 
themselves hie off to the gathering of the 
lodge in the darkness which evil doers 
love, stand before their altar, and sit in 
their secret conclaves while the Master 
they profess to represent spoke nothing 
in secret? 

Dwight L. Moody said, "I do not see 
how any Christian, least of all a Christian 
minister, can go into these secret lodges 
with unbelievers." Dr. Howard Crosby 
said, "We have no hesitation in writing 
secret societies among the quakeries of 
the earth. Whatever in them is not baby- 
ish is dangerous." And Rev. Stephen 
Merritt, ex-Master of one of the largest 
Masonic lodges in New York, said in my 
hearing only a few days ago, "He thank- 

May, 1902. 



ed God for opening his eyes to see the 
evil of their Christless ceremonies. " 

With all this testimony and the Bible 
on our side, do we do wrong in opposing 
secret societies? But I must not weary 
the reader with too lengthy a letter. 
Should you or any one else favor me with 
a continued discussion of this subject, I 
shall be glad to present further my objec- 
tions to the Masonic and kindred institu- 
tions. Respectfully yours, 

J. A. Westervelt. 

When I sent the above letter I doubted 
very much whether the editor would give 
it a place in his paper, still I thought I 
would try it. After more than two weeks 
waiting in vain for its appearance, I 
wrote the following on December 30th, 
1901 : 
To the Editor of the Call : 

Dear Sir : On the 12th of the present 
month I sent a reply to the several ques- 
tions asked me by your Masonic Editor, 
Professor Rauchfuss. As my reply has 
not yet appeared in your columns, I begin 
to think it has been rejected. If so, will 
you be so kind as to inform me by mail, 
stating briefly the reason. Enclosed here- 
with is a stamped envelope for this pur- 
pose. Respectfully yours, 

J. A. Westervelt. 

On the following Saturday morning I 
received his reasons for rejecting my let- 
ter in the following reply : 
Mv Dear Mr. Westervelt : 


I have just reached your letter in its 
turn with my belated correspondence. It 
is very unusual for an editor to give rea- 
sons for the rejection of manuscript or 
correspondence, as it is impossible to ex- 
plain to a layman the. exigencies of the 
profession. But out of courtesy to you 
I would say that I regarded that the mat- 
ter had gone far enough, and it was 
trending from Masonry to Theology. 
And I have learned from long experience 
it is never wise to discuss any question 
with an expert in some other line. I 
frankly admit that both my Masonic man 
and myself would get the worst of it in- 
the end, and to escape that fate I have 
dropped further agitation of the subject. 
Expressing my profound personal re- 
spect, I remain, yours truly, 

J. E. Crowell, Editor Call. 

On receipt of this I wrote a final letter 
in these words : 

To the Editor of the Call : 

Dear Sir : For your courteous reply 
permit me to express my sincere thanks. 
But while I feel to thank you for your 
private communication I can not refrain 
from expressing my regret and great sur- 
prise that the Call would permit one of its 
constant readers, and one who is endeav- 
oring to exert an influence for good 
among a certain portion of the citizens of 
this city to be publicly derided for advo- 
cating truth and reform, and also to .be 
publicly interrogated by one of its own 
editors, and then refused the privilege of 
making a public reply. 

By denying me this privilege you do 
an injustice not only to one individual 
but to many of our fellow-citizens, who 
will think, if no reply is made to Prof. 
Rauchfuss' communication, that his pre* 
sentation of Masonry is correct, and thus 
some and perhaps many of our young 
men will be led to espouse a cause which 
President Millard Fillmore; John C. 
Spencer and others have said "tramples 
upon our rights, defeats the administra- 
tion of justice, and bids defiance to every 
government which it can not control."' 
Very truly yours, 

J. A. Westervelt. 

When I wrote my final letter to the 
Call I felt somewhat like dropping the 
matter and silently bearing the unfair 
treatment which I received from the Call 
in refusing me the privilege of publicly 
defending myself while it had allowed 
others to publicly ridicule me, and one of 
its own editors had asked me certain ques- 
tions in bold type. But some of my 
friends urged me to have the whole mat- 
ter printed in the form of a tract. They 
said my silence would give many the im- 
pression that Professor Rauchfuss' de- 
fense of Masonry was right and that my 
opposition was wrong. The Rev. W. B. 
Stoddard, to whom I am indebted for 
much information on the subject of Ma- 
sonry, wrote me, "A full print of both 
sides would doubtless make a stir and 
help the right. * * * I am glad you 
are seeing the importance of this agita- 
tion. Count on me for any help I can 
give you." 

I was finally convinced that this should 
be done by what a friend told me that 
Professor Rauchfuss said in his house in 
regard to the matter, namely, "that he 



May, 1902. 

had made his brags that he got the best 
of the discussion." And if he said this in 
one place no doubt he has said it else- 

After hearing this I concluded to fol- 
low the advice of my friends to have the 
whole matter printed, not to seek "cheap 
notoriety," which one of my ridiculers 
said was my aim, for in this matter no 
one can expect to receive the praise of the 
world, but their reproach, but I trust my 
purpose is to bear witness for the truth 
and against error, for the Church and 
against the Lodge, for Christ and against 
the despiser of Christ. May God make 
me faithful and bless my imperfect ef- 
forts. J. A. W. 

JJotce* from tlje °$oHl 


Proposed revision of the Patriarchs Mili- 
tant Ritual was deemed of "too much im- 
portance" and requiring "so much and care- 
ful consideration" to be now adopted, was 
postponed to next annual session. — Indiana 
'Grand Lodge. 

This would be a matter of importance. 
It looks as if either some Christians who 
have been initiated have attempted to re- 
form the ritual, or else a project is on 
foot to relieve the scandal. The Encamp- 
ment is radically anti-Christian, and no 
one can get through the degrees taken by 
the Patriarchs Militant without receiv- 
ing explicitly false teaching. The direct 
tendency is infidel. It is peculiarly ac- 
ceptable to infidels, who, by express de- 
cision, are eligible to all the pretended re- 
ligious affiliations of the Order. It is a 
matter of too much importance to accept 
promptly, if a reform, of infidelity in 
teaching is undertaken. Odd Fellowship 
can illy spare that charm. 


On the "cipher" or "key" question, the fol- 
lowing was adopted: 

Resolved, That the Committee on Print- 
ing and Supplies be, and they are, hereby 
authorized to prepare a "cipher" or "key" of 
the unwritten work of the Order, which 
shall be sold only to the Grand Secretaries 

and Grand Scribes of the several Jurisdic- 

Resolved, That the Grand Secretary of the 
Grand Lodge, and the Grand Scribe of a 
.Grand Encampment* shall be, respectively, 
the sole custodian of such "cipher" or "key" 
of the unwritten work of the Subordinate 
Lodge, the Rebekah Lodge, and the En- 
campment branch of our Order, and in no 
event shall such officer permit such "cipher" 
or "key" to be taken from his office, but 
shall only permit the examination of such 
"cipher" or "key" in his office by such mem- 
bers of our Order who require the use of 
such work in conferring instruction in the 
unwritten work in the respective branches 
of our Order.— Grand Lodge of Indiana. 

This may be all very well for child's 
play, and to make an impressive show, 
but don't forget, brethren, that you can 
still continue to buy Oddfellowship Illus- 
trated in plain English, avoiding the 
awkwardness of the cypher. 

Let the Grand Secretary perform. Who 
cares where he keeps cyphers or to whom 
he refuses them ? Ritual publishing con- 
tinues as usual at the old stand. 


The following letter will tell you of him: 
Milford, Hunterdon County, N. J., 

Sept. 17, 1901. 
To Editor Companion. — Dear Sir and Bro.: 
A man giving the name of George H. Hous~ 
ton, and claiming to be a member of Milford 
Lodge, No. 183, I. O. O. F., of Milford, N. J., 
is traveling through Ohio asking for and re- 
ceiving financial assistance from members. 
Members of Decatur, Indiana; New Victory 
and Gilboa, Ohio,, have mailed inquiries as 
to his standing. As there is no such lodge 
in the State of New Jersey and no such per- 
son known here, I hope you will so inform 
your readers. Fraternally, 

S. S. SNYDER, Secretary. 
Odd Fellowship Illustrated is not pub- 
lished or sold with the purpose of aiding 
such men to commit fraud, and if its use 
is thus perverted we do not feel responsi- 
ble. Nor do we think it a fault to sell se- 
cret society rituals, as we often do, to 
numbers of orders or officers who buy 
them in order to qualify for work in the 
lodge. With the ritual go the notes and 
comments which thus come directly to 
the member, and thus we "extend the cir- 
culation of anti-secret matter. Of course 
no one can tell when selling a book to a 

May, 1902. 



villain that he will prove such and use it 
to obtain money. Possibly the same man 
will turn to friends of the N. C. A. and 
try to defraud them, if he finds the lodge 

closed against him. 



Freemasonry is- an institution whose 
origin is so remote that it is almost use- 
less to speculate as to the time of its be- 
ginning, its antecedents, or the causes 
which brought it into being. Various 
periods have been named by different Ma- 
sonic writers as the time of its origin, 
and each writer seems to have had a dif- 
ferent theory in regard to it. Some trace 
it to what are known as the ancient mys- 
teries, and others to the craft guilds of 

In tracing the history of Masonry, it 
seerns to me it should be separated into 
two distinct parts; first, that which may 
be called the basis or substance, such as 
the rough and perfect ashler, the trowel, 
square and compass and other working 
tools; and second, the ritual. The his- 
tory of the first part is one thing, that of 
the ritual is quite a different matter. The 
ancient mysteries referred to are princi- 
pally classed as the Orp'hic, Bacchic, Elu- 
sinian, Samothracian, Cabiric, and Mi- 
thian. We can hardly believe that those 
tools and implements of Masonry which 
have 'been selected by the fraternity to 
impress upon the mind wise and serious 
truths, ever held any place in these mys- 
teries. The ashlers and the working tools 
belonged peculiarly to the building 
trades, and it is through them that we 
must trace the origin of that part of our 
great institution. 

On the other hand, many parts of our 
ritual bear close resemblance to the ini- 
tiatory ceremonies of those ancient mys- 
teries and doubtless have been derived 
from them. I apprehend, therefore, that 
here may be found the principal cause of 
such wide difference of opinion shown by 
different writers as to the origin of Ma- 
sonry. Some have tried to trace the his- 
tory of one part and some that of the 

One thing, however, is true: that 

whenever or wherever it originated, our 
earliest knowledge of it, reaching back 
into the dim light of the past, is that it 
consisted of active, practical, operative, 
skilled artificers. Its purpose and object 
as we first find it was to associate and 
educate practical workmen, and to pro- 
tect and preserve as a monopoly the se- 
crets of architecture and building. Ad- 
vancement was only attained by profi- 
ciency. The lodges were officered by 
men distinguished for their operative 
ability, and the craft were educated along 
these lines. 
—Condensed from the Yoioe of Masonry. 


An advocate of Masonry and Oddfellow- 
ship said: "Membership in these two orders 
is highly beneficial and productive to Chris- 
tian growth; and instead of retarding the 
work of the church, is an actual aid to it. It 
makes a better church member of a man to 
belong to these two orders, and I for one 
do not hesitate to advocate and advise it." 

That is, he is reported as "having said 
this, though it may be doubtful whether 
he used in speaking the phrase, "produc- 
tive to Christian growth," instead of a 
more elegant equivalent. He claims that 
these orders aid the church. 

Now, if these are truths we are 
not willing to contradict them. But 
is it really promotive of Christian 
character and consistency to become 
"unequally yoked with unbelievers?" 
Is the profane ritual of the lodge a 
real means of grace. Consider the unbe- 
coming words and actions which lodge 
ceremony demands ; observe the relations 
it establishes with the most ungodly men ; 
witness the affiliation with infidels and as- 
sociation with criminals, together with 
participation in worldly and questionable 
customs, not to say unquestionably evil 
practices ; and how can a man of charac- 
ter and judgment do less than "hesitate 
to advocate and advise" entering' into the 
path of the wicked and going the way of 
evil men ? 

Tommy — Pa, what is the Board of 
Education ? 

Mr. Figgs — When I went to school, it 
was a pine shingk 



May, 1902. 



(For the twelve months ending April, 1902) 



Andrews, Dudley and Lydia C .308 

Chamberlain, Prof. W. B March cover 

Colver, Rev. Dr. Nathaniel. April cover 

Cook, Joseph 107 

Cook, Mrs. Parmelia 147 

Dresser, Rev. Amos July cover 

Faurot, Letitia Hutchings 208 

General Officers N. C. A 167 

Groen, Rev. J December cover 

Hoverstock, William and Wife 76 

Henson, Rev. Dr. S. P 355 

Inman, Eld. Thomas 181 

Mather, Mrs. Evalina P 49 

Morgan, Rev. G. Campbell . . September cover 
Pentecost, D. D., Rev. George P. ........ 

October cover 

Phillips, James E 65 

Whipple, Prof. Elliott 68 

Weed, Hon. Thurlow 48 

Woodsmall, Rev. Henry 3 

Wylie, Rev. Edgar B 99 


Becker, Rev. Dr. Henry J. 
Belsheim, Rev. O. G. 
Blanchard, Pres. C. A. 
Brakeman, E. 
Bruce, J. J. 
Butler, M. N. 
Cook, Elizabeth B. 
Chalmers, Rev. Thos. M. 
Collins, Rev. John A. 
Davis, Rev. Jacob. 
Engle, Rev. C. L. 
Ferris, Rev. W. L. 
Foster, Rev. Dr. J. M. 
Griffin, Mrs. E. 
Glasford, Rev. J. K. 
Good, Eld. Samuel M. 
Hitchcock, J. M. 
Henderson, Pres. Jonas. 
Hinman, Rev. H. H. 
Inman, Eld. Thos. 
Kimball, Rev. Lucien C. 
Leeds, Josiah W. 

Lee, Rev. O. T. 

Leckrone, Rev. Quincy. 

Lindholm, Rev. S. A. 

Long, Chloe. 

Long, Pres. S. P. 

Lunde, Rev. J. H. 

Phillips, J. E. 

Post, Eld. Woodruff. 

Raidabaugh, Rev. P. W. 

Robb, Rev. G. M. 

Rosenberger, Eld. I. J. 

Rull, Mrs. E. M. 

Scarvie, Rev. S. A. 

Sleeth, Rev. D. M. 

Smith, Eld. Rufus. 

Stoddard, Rev. W. B. • 

Swartz, Rev. Samuel II. 

Taylor, Evangelist J. D. 

Taylor, P. H. 

Telford, Rev. M. S. 

Thompson, Rev. A. 

Williams, Rev. P. B. 

Wolfe, Rev. J. E. 

Westervelt, Rev. J. A. 


A Masonic Caution 12 

Abandoned Initiation 23: 

Ancient Freemasonry 232 

Are Masonic Penalties Ever Enforced?. .358 

Blue Lodge Oaths 356 

Cut-rate Masonry 54 

Clandestine Masonic Lodges 55 

Curious As to Leg Decision .......... .345 

Christless Masonic Religion 361 

Correspondence on Freemasonry 381 

Eastern Star Outside . 8 

My Experience in the Eastern Star 172 

Glimpse of Scotch Rite Masonry, A . . . . 

240, 272, 294, 367 

"Hen Masons" 130 

Indiana Grand Lodge Report 245 

Knights Templar, see under "Knights 


Minnesota Grand Lodge . . . .• 2$ 

Masonry Criticised by a Mason 137 

Masonry as Seen by the Prophets 168 

Masonry Selfish and Unfair 188 

May, 1902. 



Masonic Correspondence WO 

Masonry is Anti-Christian 204 

Mackey's Encyclopaedia 270 

Masonic Temple Dedicated 305 

Masonic Penalties 358 

Masonic Arrogance 359 

Masonic Despotism 359 

Masons Greatly Agitated 371 

Negro Masonry 80, 87 

Our Masonic Fathers 28 

Roosevelt, Master Mason 63 

Saloon and Masonry 47 

Scotch Rite Masonry, A Glimpse Of 

240, 272, 294, 367 

Scottish Rite Banquet 122, 123 

Thoughts on Freemasonry 50, 73 

Webster on Masonry 124 

Webb's Monitor, New Edition of 301 


California Commandery 140 

Knights Templar Charity Ball 110 

Knights Templar Christmas Observance. 130 
Knights Templars. 141, 144, 146, 173, 177, 208 

Knights' Trumpet 189 

Negro Knights Templar Shut Out 88 

Triennial Debauch 242 


Christian Oddfellowship 47 

Catechism of Oddfellowship 323 

Oddfellowship Benefits 57 

Oddfellow Nearly Hit 80 

Oddfellowship Benevolence 122 

Oddfellowship a Rival of the Church 322 

Rebekah Assembly 56 

Why Men Remain Oddfellows . 326 

Why I Left the Rebekah Lodge 327 


Anarchism an Outgrowth 233 

Czolgosz's Trial 204 

Labor Union Spies 126 

New Hebrew Union 136 

New Trades Union 182 

Reformed Presbyterians and Labor 

Unions 81 

Steel Strike 97 

Stamp Them Out 164 

Whose Hand Struck McKinley? 161 


Couldn't Stand Indignities 334 

Elks, Designed for 64 

Elks, Order of, Historical • 334 

Elks' Charity Performance and the New 

Alliance of Church and Stage 335 

Historical Sketch of Elks 334 


Are Insurance Lodges Christian? 352 

Cheap Woodmen Insurance 330 

Feared the Woodmen 80 

Female Woodmen 113 

"Head Camp," M. W. of A 341, 353 

Modern W T oodmen of America Conven- 

tion 93 

M. W. of A. Memorial 147 

Royal Neighbors of America 113, 114 


Are Insurance Lodges Christian? 352 

Duty of Christians Respecting Secret In- 
surance Orders, The 2 

"Equitable Fraternal Union" Report 300 

Fraternal Insurance 121 

Fraternal Insurance Congress 121 

Fraternal Insurance Without the Lodge. 270 
Life Insurance. ..203, 205, 208, 237, 243, 264 

New England Benefit Association 300 


American Knights of Freedom 31 

"Boxers," East and West 126 

Delta Kappa Epsilon os 

"Dickey" Initiation 78 

Equitable Fraternal Union 131, 300 

Foresters, Order of 78, 122 

Grand Army of the Republic 364 

Haymakers, The 79 

Hellenics 98 

"Institute of 1710" 12 

Kentucky Federation of Labor 239 

Knights of Freedom, Ameaijcan 31 

Knight of Pythias 301 

Kappa Alpha Theta 98 

K. of P. Endowment Rank Ill 

Katipunan and the Philippines. 149, 178, 320 

Knights of the Golden Eagle 173 

Ladies' Order of the Maccabees 123 

Liquor Men's Lodge 114, 116, 118 

Modern Brotherhood of America 60 

Maccabees, Ladies' Order of the 123 

Mystic Shriners, Inside Facts 55 

Mormons, Mollies and Masons 320 

Mafia Is Seeking His Life 339 

New England Benefit Association 300 

New Order Organized by Liquor Men . .124 

Order of Washington 299 

Order of Foresters 78, 122 

Psi Epsilon 98 

Phi Delta Theta, Sigma Alpha Epsilon, 
Beta Theta Pi, Sigma Chi, Delta Epsi- 
lon, Phi Kappa Psi, and Delta Tan 

Delta 99 

Pioneers, The 377 

Royal Neighbors of America 113, 114 

Red Men 77 

Saloonkeepers' Lodge 289 

Sons of Veterans 29 

Theological Secret Societies 60, 239 



A Retrospect 3 

A Former Lodge Advocate 10 

A Masonic Caution 12 

Abandoned Initiation 23 

An Official Protest 25 

An Awful Risk 26 

A Uniform Desire 29 



February, 1901. 

Another National Crisis 68 

Augustana Synod 97 

At What a Cost 153 

Address by Rev. Wellesley-Wesley ....194 

Anarchism an Outgrowth 233 

Ancient Freemasonry 232 

Appeal to the Christian Church 297 

Are Secret Societies in Competition with 

the Church? 330 

Anti-Mason Not a Monomaniac 335 

A Beloved and Faithful Minister 340 

Are Insurance Lodges Christian? 352 

Are Insurance Companies Extravagant?. 369 

Book of Secrets 52 

Bible vs. the Lodge 71 

Ballington Booth 37 

Benjamin FrankliD's Burial Place ...... 94 

"Boxers," East and West 126 

Burning Bush and Royal Arch Masons . . 129 

Bible Reading in Schools 165 

Boltwood on Secret Societies in Schools. .177 
Breckinridge and Labor Organizations. .239 
Bailey, Hannah J., Supt. W. C. T. U. . . .282 

Beloved and Faithful Minister, A 340 

Baptist Statements 353 

Blue Lodge Oaths 356 

Christianity 4 

Churches Not Fellowshipping Secret So- 
cieties 6 

Confidence in the Attitude of N. C. A. ... 42 

Christian Oddf ellowship 47 

Cipher Rituals 54 

Cut-Rate Masonry 54 

Clandestine Masonic Lodges 55 

Church and Secret Orders 63 

Christian Reformed Church Synod 85 

Craven Hazed 98 

Cook, Joseph 100, 107 

Church and Lodge 104 

California Commandery .140 

Cook, Mrs. Parmelia 147 

Costly Charity 166 

Czolgosz's Trial 204 

Craft in the "Strip" .214 

Christian Education in Schools 225 

Charity a Misused Term 236 

Criticism of Cynosure 237 

Cost of Life Insurance 237 

Chinese Mason Dead 244 

Catechism of Oddf ellowship 323 

Cheap Woodmen Insurance 330 

Contributions for China 333 

Couldn't Stand Indignities ^ 334 

Churches Strengthened 341 

Curious as to Leg Decision 345 

Duty of Christians Respecting Secret In- 
surance Orders . . . . : : 2 

Divorce and Remarriage 5 

Deplored by Ministerial Conference 64 

"Dickey" Initiation 78 

Denominational Testimonies 80 

Dr. Harper Distressed by Freshmen Rec- 
ords 338 

Disloyalty to Country 359 

Eastern Star Outside 8 

Energy and Talent 27 

Elks, Designed for 64 

Education Regarding the Lodge .201 

"Equitable Fraternal Union" Report 300 

Elks, Order of, Historical 334 

Elks' Charity Performance and the New 

Alliance of Church and Stage 335 

Environment 337 

Enthusiastic Meetings in Nicollet County, 

Minn 375 

Funston, Gen 9 

Former Lodge Advocate 10 

Foresters and Electricity 78 

Feared the Woodmen 80 

Free Methodist Conference 84 

Fraternities Unite on Hops 98 

Female W T oodmen 113 

Fraternal Insurance 121 

Fraternal Insurance Congress 121 

Fraternities in' Japan 177 

Fraternal Ignorance 193: 

Fraternal Insurance Without the Lodge. 270 

Fuller, General Allen C 271 

From our Mail. .24, 61, 118, 184, 311, 342, 376- 

"Fatherhood" and "Brotherhood" 325 

Freshman at University of Chicago Shows 

His Power 336 

Fuss and Feathers 345 

God's Car of Salvation 5 

Guard the Rights of the Soul 7 

God's True Watchman 18 

Griffin, Mrs. E 62 

Groen, Rev. J 225 

General Allen C. Fuller 271 

Garrison, William Lloyd .281 

Governmental Treatment of Lodges ....302 

Good Rule, A 344 

"Good Men" Members, The .347" 

"Good Man" Argument Proves Too Much, 

The 351 

Grand Army of the Republic 364 

Glimpse of Scotch Rite Masonry 367 

Humanity 1 

Harvard Hazing 12 

Hon. J. J. Bruce at Roland 17 

Hartville Lecturer, The 18 

"Hear Us Bawl" 24 

Howe Institute . 25^ 

Heralds of Spring 26 

High-Priced Prayers 63 

Hoverstock, William 76 

Haymaker Association 79 

Howgate, Capt. Henry 88 

Hoodwinks of Tobacco 102 

How Lodges Secure Interest 123 

Holy Secret Society 124 

"Hen Masons" 130 

Horse Play 242 

"Head Camp" M. W. of A. 341, 353 

Historical Sketch of Elks . 334 

Initiatory Ceremonies 3;: 

May, 1902. 



In Carthage, Mo IT 

Indiana State Convention 21 

Is It Idolatry Everywhere? 29 

Inman, Eld. Thos 5o 

Ira Crocket 77 

Immanuel Our Leader 141 

Inconsistent, Not Wanted 193 

India and Bishop Welldon 220 

Is Life Insurance Inconsistent With 

Scripture? 243 

Indiana Grand Lodge Report 245 

Inversion of Conscience 261 

Is Life Insurance Legitimate? 332 

Knights Templar Charity Ball 110 

K. of P. Endowment Rank Ill 

Knights Templar Christmas Observance. 130 

Knights Templars 141, 146, 173, 177, 208 

Katipunan and the Philippines . 149, 178, 320 

Knights of the Golden Eagle 163 

Knights' Trumpet 189 

Keys of the City 193 

Living for Him 26 

Lodge Not Essential 57 

Lawyer Speaks of Courts 88, 89 

Liquor Men's Lodge 114, 116, 118 

Labor Union Spies 126 

Life Insurance .203, 205, 208, 264 

Let Our Public Schools Teach the Nature 

of Privacy, Secrecy and the Oath ....296 

Lodge Candidate Badly Hurt 299 

Lodge Organs, Names and Postoffice . . . .303 

Masonic Caution, A 12 

Michigan State Convention 15, 89 

Minutes of the Penn. Convention 19 

Minnesota Grand Lodge 23 

Mystic Shriners, Inside Facts 55 

Mennonites and Lodges 81 

Mennonite Conference 82 

Modern Woodmen of America 93 

Multiplication of Orders 96 

Morgan Abduction 112 

Masonry Criticised by a Mason 137 

M. W. of A. Memorial 147 

Masonry as Seen by the Prophets 168 

Masonry Selfish and Unfair 188 

Masonic Correspondence. 190 

Masonry is Anti-Christian 204 

Masonic Funeral Services 220 

Minister and the Saloon 221 

Masonic Trumpet 262, 298 

Ma ckey's Encyclopaedia 270 

Masonic Temple Dedicated .305 

Mormons, Mollies and Masons 320 

Mafia Is Seeking His Life 339 

Most Remarkable Letter, A 343 

Masonic Penalties 358 

Masonic Arrogance 350 

Masonic Despotism 359 

Misdirected Criticism .'{70 

Masons Greatly Agitated 37] 

Non-Payment of Dues 33 

Non-Payment of Dues, Causes of 55 

New Fields 58 

Negro Masonry 80, 87 

Negroes Shut Out 88 

Northwestern University Fraternities . . . 98 

Notes for the W. C. T. U 101 

News of Our Work 

112, 148, 180, 209, 246, 277, 307, 339 

Not Unlucky in History 130 

New Hebrew Union 136 

New Trades Union 182 

Morgan, Capt. William 200 

New England Christian Association ....247 

New England Annual Convention 248 

New York State Convention .' 249 

Newspapers and Reform 319. 

Not Charitably 333* 

Operating Motive 8 

Oral Teaching . . . .^ 15 

Our Masonic Fathers 28 

Oddfellowship Benefits 57 

O, If Only I Could Know (poem) (52 

FORTY-ONE. .C C ......*. .* 

Oddfellow Nearly Hit 80 

Odds and Ends 116, 186, 250, 274, 314 

Oddfellowship Benevolence 122 

One Masonic Husband 131 

Our Boys 19a 

Oddfellowship a Rival of the Church . . . 322 

Orders and the State 329 

Order of Elks 334 

Oh! For a Few Finney s 342 

Oaths . . . i 362 

Oriental Advertising 372 

Obituary 99, 183, 274, 310, 318, 37S 

Preaching and Praying 12 

Patient, Courageous and Successful .... 18 

Pray for the Clergy 25 

Paddy in the Elevator 27 

Prose Poem 117 

Prince Consort 120 

Pentecost's Testimony 101 

Pugilist With Mason 190 

Plausible, but Specious 278 

Peril of Secrecy, by J. M. Foster 282 

Promises to Seceders 207 

Pennsylvania State Convention 372 

Post Apostolic Fathers and Secret Socie- 
ties . 220 

Retrospect, A, Southern Work 3 

Rev. Boltz Out of Bondage 16" 

Reminiscences 48, 74 

Rebekah Assembly 56 

Roosevelt, Master Mason 63 

Reforms and Reformers 65 

Reformed Presbyterians and Secret So- 
cieties 80 

Reformed Presbyterians and Labor 

Unions 81 

Reese's Initiation 122 

Rome and Secret Sociel les 123 

Religions Meetings Neglected 187 

Reply to Dr. Foster 200 

Roosevelt's F*ar-Reaching Remedy 260 

Revolution in France 290 



May, 1902. 

Religion Without Creed 300 

Responsibility 360 

Reason Why, The .366 

Secret Society Flummery 30 

Saloon and Masonry 47 

Sif tings, The . . ' 56 

Secrecy and Theological Seminaries .... 60 

Sacrifices Involved in Reform 66 

Steel Strike 97 

Secret Societies in India 102 

Scottish Rite Banquet . .122; 123 

St. Louis Christian Advocate Challenged. 125 

Stamp Them Out '. . . 164 

Symposium on the Lodge 170, 173 

Secret Societies and Post Apostolic Fath- 
ers 229 

Secret Associations in the Early Church. 232 
Secret Fraternities in Theological Semi- 
naries ......... 239 

Scotch Rite Masonry, A Glimpse of 

240, 272, 294, 367 

Swindler, A 301 

Stand by the Old Ways 366 

Tavern Lodges 28 


Thoughts on Freemasonry, No. 2 


Thoughts on Freemasonry, No. 3 73 

Talmage's Sermon on Secret Societies. . .137 
Talmage's Defense of Secret Societies. . .156 

Table Talk 157,. 215 

Talmage, Letter to 169 

Three Scenes in the Life of a Secret So- 
ciety Man .228 

Testifying Churches .235 

Triennial Debauch 242 

That Shocking Cynosure 304 

Telephonic Exposure 344 

The Why 363 

United Presbyterian Church 83, 88 

United Presbyterian Assembly 146 

Upholds William C. Bissell's Bequest to * 

Fight Secret Societies 335 

Valuable as Any 7 

Voices from the Lodge 

119, 216, 251, 276, 315, 344, 379 

Visit to the Sunny South 257, 291 

Whited Sepulchres 28 

Wheaton Christian Conference 46, 129 

Women Barred Out 57 

Wesleyan Methodist Conference 85 

Wylie, Rev. Edgar B. . '. 99 

Webster on Masonry 124 

Why Not Join the Lodge 132 

Whose Hand Struck McKinley 161 

Willie's Sad Week 182 

War Incident 237 

Webb's Monitor, New Edition of 301 

Why Men Remain Oddfellows 326 

Why I Left the Rebekah Lodge 327 

Where Shall Our Children Be Taught. .337 

Why, The 363 

Y. M. C. A. Jubilee 91 

Postpaid, Each, 2 Cents; the Set of Fourteen 
to One Address, Postpaid, for 15 Cents. 


Entered Apprentice, Fellow Craft and 
Master Mason's Obligations, Masonic Penal- 
ties, Are Masonic Penalties ever Enforced? 
Masonic Arrogance, Masonic Despotism, 
Grand Lodge Powers, Disloyalty to Country, 
Responsibility. What Can Be Done? 

Baptists, Rule, and Testimonies. 

The "Good Man" Argument Proves too 

The Strange Case of Mr. Goodman: 

Few Good Men Favor Lodges, Good Men 
Grossly Ignorant of Lodge Principles and 
Their Effect, Good Men Governed by Feel- 
ing, Imperfect Moral Discernment, Good 
Men Are Blinded by Their Own Habits, etc., 

The Truth About Lodge Religion: 

A Fundamental Doctrine the Fatherhood 
of God. 

Catechism of Oddfellowship. By Rev. H. H. 


A Religious Institution and Rival of the 
Christian Church. 

Are Insurance Lodges Christian? 

The Modern Woodmen of America as Il- 

Why Do Men Remain Oddfellows? 
Only One Explanation. 

Church and Lodge. By Pres. Charles A. 

Why I Left the Rebekah Lodge of the Inde- 
pendent Order of Oddfellows. 

Graciously Delivered. Rev. E. G. Wellesley- 

Colonel Geo. R. Clark. 
A Testimony. 

Stephen Merritt's Experience. 

A One Hundred and Thirty-eight Degree 


'What would you do if you woke up 
some morning to find that you had in- 
herited a million dollars ?"■ 

"I'd turn over on the other side and 
try to dream it over again," 
—Chicago Record-Herald. 

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Moody Church ... . 51 

Treasurer's Report » • 53 

Annual Convention 54 

Corporate Meeting . . 60 

Obituary: J. S. Hitchcock. 72 

Uniontille, Mo., Conference. . 73 

An Oddfellow's Widow 74 

W. B. Stoddard's Letter 76 

N, E. Secretary in Oberlin 77 

Michigan Contention . 77 

The Strange Case of Dr. Broad. 79 


■ .' • I ,v • 

PRICE.— Per year, in advanco, $1.00; three mofiAhf. oft 
trial, twentrHfive cents; ; single copies, 10 cents. 

DISCONTINUANCES. - We And that a !***• number 
of our subscribers prefer not to have their sob- 
tcrtptions Interrupted and their files broken to 
ease they fait to remit before expiration. It Is 
therefore assumed, unless notification to discon- 
tinue is received, that the subscriber wishes ne 
interruption in his series. Notification to dis- 
continue at expiration can be sent in at any 
time during the year. 

PRESENTATION COPIES.— Many persons subscribe 
for THiB OECBESTIAfN CxTOOfctiRB to toe seat 
to friends. In such cases, if we are advised that 
a subscription Is a present and not regularly 
authorised by the recipient, we w make a 
memorandum to discontinue at expiration, and 
to send no bill for th« ensuing year. 

E x^Fr extent C. G. Finney, of Olerlin 
College: ;.\"We haye^ tfien) the' implied testi- 
mony of Freemasons themselves, that the 
Christian church oug^t to have no fellow 
sonry a^tiius revealed, and 
that those who adhere intelligently and 
such an institution have no 
the Chri-tian Church*'' 
rfycier; Cla/jis md Pr&ttictil 
tefaasowy r pp> £&>» ^S^% 

r? Address all letters pertaining to the 
Christian Cynosure, or to the interests o< 
the National Christian Association, to 
the general secretary and treasurer, 
Wm . I. Phillips, 29 1 Wast Madison 
Street, Chicago, III. 

I had nervous indigestion 'arid, a general 
derangement of the entire system. It had 
been a continual torture for 12 years. My 
blood became very poor and, at times my 
toe and finger nails would be diseased. 
After eating I would sit in a chair and put 
my feet on something to keep them from 
swelling, and at times would take off my 
shoes for the misery I had. Whenever I 
experience anything to remind me of past 
acnes I cannot be too elated to tell what 
Ripans Tabules have done for me. I still 
take one now and then, because I know 
how bad I have been. They were just what 
rneed&d. ^^^sHLHH '"'V./l Hi '■; y J$m 

■t^M- At druggists. 

The Five-»Cent packet Is enough for an 

".legus answered him, — I spake openlj to the world; ami in secret have I said nothing." John 1S:29. 




The Christian Cynosure. 

Official Organ of the National 
Christian Association. 


221 West Madison St., Chicago. 

ing, is also a member of the Holland 

Entered at the Postoffice, Chicago, 111., as second 
class matter. 

It is generally agreed that our annual 
meeting in the Moody Church was the 
best one for years. Some 400 were pres- 
ent the first evening and between 50- 
and 600 the second. Probably a quarter 
of those present were ministers and 
Christian teachers. The reports of ex- 
tempore speeches in this number will 
be read with interest, notwithstanding 
they were not prepared for the press, but 
delivered off-hand in the convention. 
The testimonies of seceders will be inter- 
esting reading. We rejoice that there 
were some who for the first time publicly 
renounced their lodge allegiance. 

Secretary Stoddard left Chicago for a 
week's work in Toronto, Canada. His 
presence at the annual meeting was very 
highly appreciated, not only by the old 
friends who were glad to greet him, and 
also because of the impetus given by his 
words of counsel, encouragement and in- 

The address by Rev. J. Groen, of 
Grand Rapids, Mich., now the Vice Pres- 
ident of our association, was listened to 
with marked attention and was especial- 
ly helpful. He came as the representative 
elected by his church and his words were 
the sentiments of his entire denomina- 
tion. Mr. Dekker, elected as a member 
of our corporate body at the annual meet- 

President Blanchard has given quite a 
number of anti-secrecy addresses during 
the past month. He spoke to about 1,- 
200 young people of the united societies 
of Christian Endeavor of the Free Mis- 
sion Church on the South Side, Chicago. 
He also addressed the people in the Con- 
gregational Church at Miles, Iowa, on 
the lodge, and gave a series of addresses 
as advertised, in the Church of God at 
Glidden, Iowa. His extempore remarks 
at the Annual Convention, Chicago, ap- 
pear in this number and his address on 
the last evening will be given next 

A meeting was called on the 5th of 
May in this city, which sought to get to- 
gether the pastors of Chicago who are 
opposed to secret societies. There were 
some forty of these pastors present at 
the meeting. Many others would have 
attended if possible, but letters were 
received from such that were very en- 
couraging. The great value of bringing 
the anti-secrecy friends into touch and 
sympathy one with another was general- 
ly realized by those present, and it was 
voted to hold a similar meeting three or 
four times a year. The next one will 
probably be in September, after the sum- 
mer vacation. The 100,000 anti-secret- 
ists in Chicago can do great good and 
make a strong impression in this city if 
they can touch elbows and work togeth- 
er for the accomplishment of the greatly 
desired object. Another agreement 
reached was that the necessity and de- 
sire for conferences in the different parts 
of the city should be met at the earliest 
possible moment. Many of those present 
had never seen each other before and 
did not know each others' sentiments on 
the lodge question ; hence the meeting 



June, 1902. 

was thought to be one of great personal 
value as well as a harbinger of future 
blessings to the church. 

How greatly the work of our head- 
quarters is hampered by lack of means 
only \our Secretary and Board of Di- 
rectors realize fully. But we thank God 
for the past year and for the score and 
more of volunteer laborers in as many 
different States who have received hun- 
dreds of dollars' worth of our literature 
for distribution and have sown it as good 
seed in a needy soil. It seems as though 
there never was a time when the people 
were so needy and so willing to be in- 
structed as at the present. Not only have 
we supplied some light to every State of 
the Union, but we have sent literature 
for free distribution to Mexico, Brazil, 
Manitoba, Ontario, South Africa, France 
and Alaska. Will not the friends who 
read this number come up to oir help 
with their means and prayers as never 
before ? 

The monthly issue of The Cynosure 
for the past year has averaged over 3,000 
copies and has met with quite general 
commendation. It has been a blessing 
in thousands of places. There is over 
$1,000 due on subscriptions in arrears. 
This money is needed and you who owe 
it ought to see to it that the work is not 
hindered because these numerous small 
amounts that are owed the association 
remain unpaid. Every wrapper has the 
date to which The Cynosure is paid 
printed upon it. Look at it and let us 
hear from you. Our old friend, J. M. 
Scott, of Alexandria, Ohio, came unex- 
pectedly to our annual meeting and, 
among other good things which he did, 
paid his subscription on the Cynosure to 

You have noticed in the May number 
of The Cynosure the list of new envelop 
size tracts, samples of which will be sent 
on receipt of 15 cents. We are very glad 
to report that a number have availed 
themselves of this opportunity. Get 
them for yourself and for your neigh- 
bors. Scattered from house to house it 
will be almost equal to a convention. 

Rev. S. A. Scarvie gave two anti-secret 
lectures near Sherman, S. D„ on May 
2 1 st last. Write and see if you can not 
get him for your town. Address : Water- 
ville, Iowa. 

Toronto, May 18th, 1902. 

Reviewing the annual meeting of the 
N. C. A. on the 14th and 15th insts. 
from this distant point, I see great rea- 
son for gratitude and encouragement. 
The attendance from abroad was not so 
large as at some former gatherings within 
the memory of veterans, but the local in- 
terest was manifest in the presence of 
thoughtful and intelligent audiences at 
both the day and evening sessions. The 
increasingly large number of seceders 
from various orders who were willing to 
publicly testify was a hopeful sign of 
progress. Uniformly they declared that 
their lodge connection had been a hin- 
derance to personal piety and efficiency 
in church or any kind of Christian work. 
Some were more pronounced and em- 
phatic in their utterances than others, but 
not one among the many witnesses could 
commend the orders as agencies for 
good, or productive of noble sentiments 
or real helpfulness in the promotion of 
any worthy object. The associations 
formed, the instructions received and the 
obligations imposed were perilous to 
piety, contrary to the Spirit and teach- 
ings of Christ and blasting to the man- 
hood and self-respect of all who imposed 
or received them. 

Reports of the several officers were 
submitted and considered and approved 
without a dissenting voice. The entire 
business meeting was in perfect unanim- 
ity and the closing address by Pres. C. A. 
Blanchard was a masterly presentation of 
the anti-Christian character of tfhe whole 
lodge system shown from standard works 
of the orders. 

The services were held in the Chicago 
x\venue Church, and I can but feel that 
the work of its devout pastor and conse- 
crated workers will be greatly blessed 
and strengthened by the meeting. I am 
thankful for this privilege of meeting 
with the remaining comrades of early 
times, who will accept the greeting of 
their brother and fellow-worker, 

James P. Stoddard. 

June, 1902. 







The place in which the Annual Con- 
vention was held is one of much histori- 
cal interest. 

The Chicago Avenue Church is the 
outcome of D. L. Moody's mission work 
in Chicago, which commenced in 1858. 

Contributions for the erection of the 

Adjoining the Church are other Moody 
institutions that are of much interest. 

The Moody Bible Institute for Home 
and Foreign Missions owes its existence, 
under God, to D. L. Moody. During his 
wide experience and observation of evan- 
gelistic work, he saw the absence of gen- 
eral training in the English Bible. There 
was an evident need of men and women 


church building came from Sunday 
Schools all over this and other countries. 

Rev. R. A. Torrey, Superintendent of 
the Bible Institute, was unanimously 
called as its present pastor, in the spring 
of 1894. The church has ever maintained 
the character given in its early history, 
as being undenominational, Evangelical 
and aggressive. 

From a charter membership of twelve, 
through years of trying and bright expe- 
riences, it has now over 1,800 names on 
its roll in good standing. 

Truly the Lord has done great things 
whereof we are glad. 

who should understand the Word of God 
and know how to use it in bringing men 
to Christ. All over the land he met those 
who would, with some well directed study 
and training, become efficient lay work- 
ers in the cause of Christ ; and who 
would prove valuable assistants to their 
pastors in building up and establishing 
the kingdom of God on earth. 

After Mr. Moody's death the corporate 
name of the institution was changed to 
the Moody Bible Institute of Chicago, in 
order to perpetuate the founder's mem- 

The Moodv Bible Institute has been 



June, 1902. 

■ ■■■ ■.■■:■■' - 

«&%%M& / < 



called the "West Point" of Christian 
work. It endeavors to embody all the 
principles which characterize a successful 
Christian worker. 

Study and work go hand in hand. A 
portion of every day (except Monday) is 
spent in actual work in the needy parts of 
the city and suburbs, the object being to 
teach the students not only the theory of 
the work, but also the work itself, and 
that by actually doing it. 

There were probably a hundred of the 
students, men and women, at one or more 
of the sessions of the Annual Meeting. 
Some of them gave ringing testimonies. 

I do not see how 
any Christian, most 
of all a Christian 
minister, can go into 
these secret lodges 
with unbelievers. 
They say they can 
have more influence 
for good, but I say 
they can have more 
influence for good 
by staying out of 
them, and then re- 
proving their evil 

deeds. Abraham had more influence for 

good in Sodom than Lot had. 



"I do not see how 
an intelligent, conse- 
crated Christian can 
belong to a secret or- 
der. It is an ex- 
pressed disobedience 
to God's plain com- 
mand (II. Cor. 6: 
14). Furthermore, 
the awful mockery 
of the profane pray- 
er in the pretended 
resurrection scene in 
the initiation ceremonies of the Master 


June, 1902. 



Mason degree must shock beyond meas- 
ure any man of real spirituality. Some of 
the oaths in higher degrees of Masonry 
must be horrible beyond expression to 
any man possessed of genuine Christian 

"By it Christ is dethroned and Satan 
exalted." — Rev. Edward Beecher, D. D. 

"I was completely converted from 
Masonry to Christ." — President C. G. 


From May 1, 1901, to April 30, 1902. 

Real Estate — 

Carpenter building. $15,000.00 

Michigan house and 

lot 3,000.00 

Georgia real prop- 
erty 800.00 


Bills Receivable — 
Publishing House 

Notes 52.00 

General Annuity 

Fund 7,115.71 


W. H. Fischer, 

Trustee $ 7,100.00 

Cynosure Inventory 2,000.00 

Books in stock 431.17 

Tracts in stock 519-28 

Fixtures in Carpen- 
ter building 294.60 

Publishing material 

(electros, etc.) . . . 480.55 

Reference Library. . 258.20 

Wilson Land Con- 
tract i,553-!0 

Merchandise on hand 
(coal, stationery, 

Postage stamps on 

Subscriptions due on 

Personal accounts 

Cash on hand May 
1, 1902 






Annuities — 

Capwell $ 479.38 

Johnson 100.00 

Ohio Endowment. . 1,160.00 

Hill 1,000.00 

New York 1,300.00 

Michigan 300.00 

Hoverstock 1,500.00 

Woodward 50.00 

Sundry Funds — 

Southern $ 267.61 

Cynosure 123.61 

Chinese 8.97 

Personal accounts 

Cynosure subscrip- 
tions paid in ad- 

$ 5,889.38 



Capital account 

$ 7,063.41 


Chicago, May 9U1, 1902. 
To the National Christian Association : 

The undersigned members of the Au- 
diting Committee have examined the 
books of your Treasurer, W. I. Phillips, 
up to April 30th, 1902, inclusive, and 
rind that they are correctly kept, and 
that there are vouchers for all expendi- 
tures ; we also find that securities are 
on hand as stated in the annual report. 

We have also examined the report of 
Wm. H. Fischer, Trustee of Annuity 
funds, and find the same to be correct, 
with securities on hand as stated. 
J. M. Hitchcock, 
H. A. Fischer, 
E. Whipple, 




June, 1902. 



Rev. Charles A. Blanchard, President, 
in the chair. 

Remarks by the President. 

Luke 14 133. "So likewise, whosoever 
he be of you that forsaketh not all that 
he hath, he cannot be my disciple." 

Now you know in all our churches 
they teach that people must forsake sin. 
That is good. We teach that. It is 
good and right. We must forsake sin ; 
but there are some sins that are obvious, 
and other sins that are hidden. Occa- 
sionally a man wakes up and finds that 
he has been committing a sin which he 
did not realize was a sin before, and we, 
as Christian people, do not do our duty 
unless we enlighten people as to secret 
sins, so they may understand what is 
pleasing to God, and what is not. The 
Holy Spirit is a great teacher, but He 
makes Bis Church a teacher also. If a 
man has been a drunkard he must for- 
sake that ; if he has been a thief he must 
become honest ; if a liar he must become 
truthful ; if profane he must forsake pro- 
fanity ; but there is one particular thing 
at the present time which is very seldom 
mentioned in meetings like this, and 
Brother Jacoby has given me permis- 
sion to speak my heart freely to you ; so 
I am going to say, in addition to these 
things which you have all thought of, 
there are some other things that people 

have to forsake if they are going to be 
disciples of Jesus Christ. 

II. Cor. 6:14: "Be not unequally 
yoked together with unbelievers ; for 
what fellowship hath righteousness with 
unrighteousness? And What communion 
hath light with darkness? And what 
concord hath Christ with Belial? Or 
what part hath he that believeth with an 

Now in our day there are secret asso- 
ciations by the score and by the hundred 
and by the thousand, that are yoking up 
people good and bad in unequal fellow- 
ship. Christian men and women are 
going into secret associations, fra- 
ternal associations, oftentimes oath- 
bound associations, with godless, 
wicked men and women, and the result is 
that they lose interest in the church, or 
else in the lodges, one or the other, and 
oftentimes if they continue in these 
lodges it seems as if they must certainly 
lose their own souls. Multitudes of peo- 
ple in these lodges never come into the 
churches at all. 

Now we are speaking to-night to a 
large number of Christian people. You 
are largely Christians. Now you are 
unequally yoked with unbelievers if you 
are in fraternal associations with unbe- 
lievers. Then the Holy Spirit says to 
you to-night, "Be not unequally yoked 
together with unbelievers ; for what fel- 
lowship hath righteousness with un- 
righteousness? And what communion 
hath light with darkness? And what 
concord hath Christ with Belial? Or 
what part hath he that believeth with 
an infidel ?" And if you say, well, but if 
I abandon my lodge it would cost me 
friends, it would cost me money, it might 
perhaps cost me my life, then you are 
to remember that Jesus himself said, 
"He that forsaketh not all that he hath 
cannot be my disciple." The Lord wants 
a peculiar people in this world. He called 
Abraham to come out into the country 
that he knew nothing about. After 
Moses had received his secular training 
God called him out in the mountain that 
He might talk with him. W r hen Elijah 
was called to his special work he was 
told to go to the brook Kedron and the 
ravens would feed him ; when Jesus was 
called to come to this world he had no 

June, 1902. 



place to lay his head. Several of you say 
you have chosen Him as your model, 
your example, as your leader, as your 
teacher, as your master, as your Savior 
and Lord. Now if so, His word to you 
to-night is this: Do not be unequally 
yoked together with unbelievers; "for 
what fellowship hath righteousness with 
unrighteousness? And what commun- 
ion hath light with darkness? And what 
concord hath Christ with Belial? Or 
what part hath he that believeth with an 
infidel ?" How can Christ and Belial 
walk together? How can you, being a 
Christian man, be in fraternal and close 
association with unchristian people, 
without suffering loss? 

Now some people say that this text 
means that people must not marry peo- 
ple that are not Christians. Undoubted- 
ly that is true, and many a woman has 
broken her heart, and many a man has 
'broken his heart because she or he did 
not obey that. Another says that it 
means that you must not go into busi- 
ness associations with a man if he is not 
a Christian. Undoubtedly it means that, 
and many a man has lost every dollar 
that he had because he trampled this un- 
der his feet and was unequally yoked to- 
gether with unbelievers. Many a man 
in his business relations, w1k> is unequal- 
ly yoked with unbelievers, has got into 
fearful transgression against God be- 
cause his partner wanted to do wrong. 

As Christian people we must be abso- 
lutely free from fraternal associations 
with godless and wicked people. We 
must leave them ; we must do all that we 
can to convert them, but we must not 
associate with them in their unchristian 
work. We must not go with them into 
their secret lodges, their secret dens I 
was going to say, call them what you 
wish. We must not go after them. We 
must be peculiar; we must be separate. 
In this same sixth chapter, the seven- 
teenth verse, we read, "Wherefore come 
ye out from among them, and be ye sep- 
arate, saith the Lord, and touch not the 
unclean thing; and I will receive you, 
and will be a Father unto you, and ye 
shall be my sons and daughters, saith the 
Lord Almighty." 

Now I have spoken to you about eight 
minutes. That is three minutes longer 

than I expected. I am going to ask Mr. 
Stoddard of Boston to speak; then my 
friend from Washington, and then you 
Christian men and women who have had 
some experience along this line, who 
have received the Holy Spirit into your 
hearts, I trust the Lord will give you 
freedom, and every one who has been 
compelled to come out from these un- 
equal fellowships may speak freely, and 
that the power of satan may be broken 
from some souls to-night. 

Address by Rev. J. F. Stoddard of Boston. 

He that is not with me is against me, 
and he that gathereth not with me scat- 
tereth abroad. There are really but two 
companies in this world, the saved and 
the unsaved. There are in this world the 
true and the false, and each one is a 
member of one or the other of these 
companies. Whether yoked up with un- 
believers or not, it is of the most vital 
importance that we should know in 
which company we are, whether God 
counts us, and where we are giving our 
strength and our influence in the world. 
The topic of the evening perhaps sug- 
gests the testimony of some who are not 
here, and it might be proper of me to 
speak of that. I have heard from the 
lips of others. One of the most recent 
and one of the most striking testimonies 
to which I have listened was from the 
lips of Rev. C. C. Dickson, who is widely 
known through this country and other 
countries as a man of God, a man of 
power, a man who has been honored, 
and whose words have been blessed to 
the edification and help of multitudes. 
We were holding a convention in Bos- 
ton not long since in Dr. Withrow's 
church. Dr. Dickson was one of our 
speakers. He told us of his experience 
in joining a secret lodge. He was in- 
duced by the representations that were 
made to him to allow his name to go in 
as a member. He, of course, was elect- 
ed; a man of his standing would be wel- 
comed to almost any of these fraterni- 
ties. He became a member, but was not 
well pleased; indeed, he was greatly dis- 
appointed with the method of induction. 
However, in order to obtain the insur- 
ance, which was represented to him as 
being very desirable, and at very reason- 
able rates, he consented to be a member, 



June, 1902. 

and was inducted in due form. Soon 
after his initiation he received a notice 
and invitation to attend a card party that 
was given by the secret society with 
which he had become identified. Of 
course as a Christian he saw at once that 
he was unequally yoked together with 
unbelievers. Of course he rebuked his 
brethren, for brethren they were; they 
had entered into a compact and covenant 
mutually to sustain each other. Not 
long after he received notice stating that 
there was to be a stag party, a banquet, 
and in connection with that there was 
to be a dance, and he was invited. He, 
a doctor of divinity, invited to attend 
that dance, a dance of nude women in 
the lodge hall before the "'brethren." He 
had joined that lodge as many other men 
have joined lodges; he went ignorantly, 
he went blindly, he went honestly, he 
went without due consideration, but he 
found himself unequally yoked with un- 
believers. He absented himself entirely 
from the meetings of the lodge, refused 
to recognize and fellowship those who 
were occupying their time and giving 
their strength in such services, but he 
did not at once come out and testify 
against them, and there, I think, is where 
many make a great mistake. Many who 
have joined these lodges, and according 
to the official reports of the Masonic 
Lodge less than two-thirds who have 
been entered, passed and raised, that is, 
taken three degrees in the lodge, less 
than two-thirds of them continue in act- 
ive fellowship, but there are many among 
those who have ceased to meet with the 
lodges who do not testify against them, 
and in my experience, which has extend- 
ed through a number of years, in this 
discussion, I have found that where men 
got quietly out of the lodge and remain- 
ed silent, and did not warn others of the 
danger, and point out the evils of the 
lodge publicly and actively, they ceased 
to be spiritual; they 'become clouded; 
their testimony is not clear and ringing, 
and it is my judgment, and I believe the 
experience of multitudes will confirm the 
criticism, that if a man would retain his 
vital hold upon God, and have the power 
of God that will carry conviction to 
others through his words, he must not 
only separate himself, but he must bear 

testimony against these secret lodges. Ye 
are my witnesses, saith the Lord, but 
what is a dumb witness worth in a case 
like this, which is pending between Jesus 
Christ and his bride, the Church, and 
satan, who is seeking to destroy, and, if 
it were possible, defeat the purpose of 
Christ in men's salvation? 

Last evening I spoke in Council Hall 
in Oberlin to quite a large number of 
theological students and to such of the 
citizens as responded to the invitation. 
It carried me back to the time when I 
had several personal interviews with that 
sainted man, Charles G. Finney. Some 
of you perhaps, the older ones here, re- 
member when that man's voice was 
heard ringing through this land, pro- 
claiming the Gospel. He published a se- 
ries of articles in the New York Inde- 
pendent. These articles dealt with the 
question which we are considering to- 
night. Mr. Finney, before his conver- 
sion, had entered the Masonic Lodge. 
In these articles he spoke of his expe- 
rience, and gave his reasons for separat- 
ing from them, and why others should 
separate from this institution if they 
would walk with God and have com- 
munion with Him. I was pastor of the 
church in Byron, 111., at the time when 
these articles appeared. I had given 
little attention to this subject, and yet I 
had some convictions. I had been un- 
der the training of the father of the pre- 
siding officer of this meeting, and of 
course any man that came under his in- 
fluence generally had some convictions 
in regard to any popular sin that was 
having an influence in the country, but 
I had no very definite idea. When I 
read the letters of Mr. Finney, describing 
the way in which he was taken from the 
condition of an American citizen and 
transformed into that almost nameless 
commodity called a Free Mason, I said 
that is incredible; that is beyond cre- 
dence. I could not believe it. Later I 
was at Oberlin. I spent two nights and 
one day with Mr. Finney in his home at 
that time, and I asked him many ques- 
tions, and he confirmed and added to 
what he had written, and from the time 
that I sat at the feet of that man and 
learned of him from his own personal 
experience what Masonry was, I never 

June, 1902. 



questioned the correctness of the reve- 
lation, and I never questioned the duty 
of a Christian to come out and separate 
from such a system of iniquity as the 
lodge system is, as described by Mr. 

That man was, I believe, led by the 
Spirit not only to separate from the 
lodge, but, to put it into his language, 
he said: "When I became a Christian 
I had to forsake my lodge sin as I for- 
sook my other sins." And so he came 
out, and that man's voice was raised in 
ringing testimony as long as he lived, 
and I believe that he, being led by the 
Spirit of God, is an example which 
should be followed by all whose eyes 
have been opened, and have been led to 
see the iniquity. 

Now we may discuss this question at 
length, but I tell you, my friend, my 
brother Jacoby and the honored presi- 
dent, with all your eloquence, with all 
the arguments that you can bring against 
it, there is nothing that carries convic- 
tion to the unsaved from the lodge like 
the testimony of a man who has been 
there and whom God has delivered from 
its terrible bondage, and while it is your 
duty and mine, if by the grace of God 
we have escaped this snare, to testify 
against it, it is the duty of every man 
and every woman, for the women are 
getting into the lodges now, every man 
and everv woman who has been saved 
by the power of God, and brought out 
of this snare of the devil, it is their duty 
not only to come out, but to testify, warn 
others and save them. God will hold 
you responsible. 

I am delighted with the audience here 
to-night. I am pleased with the spirit 
that has taken possession, not only of 
the place, but all those that are in the 
place. I am delighted with the way God 
is leading this meeting, so that the Holy 
Spirit can have an opportunity to make 
an impression upon the hearts of those 
who are here and call this brother, this 
sister, this witness, this saved one, to tes- 
tify all that the Lord has done for therm. 
I want to bring a word of testimony here 
and say that it is safe to follow where 
Christ leads. I have walked this rugged 
path along with my brother and others; 
some of them have got their crowns of 

glory and palms of victory to-night. I 
have walked this rugged path when it 
seemed very hard, but God's promises 
have never failed, and he has never left 
me, nor one of his children. If you have 
any fears just cast yourself on the Lord 
and trust in Him, and He will do vou 
good; He will uphold you. Speak! 
Speak for Christ; speak for the truth; 
testify against evil and receive a rich 
blessing, and come into this meeting to- 
morrow, you who can, and those who 
cannot come, help together with prayer. 

Testimony Meeting. 

President Blanchard said : I have been 
wondering how many of you brothers 
and sisters 'before me have come out from 
any secret societies of any kind. W T ill all 
who have been members of any society 
lift your hand? 

We are looking for that blessed hope 
and the glorious appearing of the Christ 
of God even our Savior, Jesus Christ, 
who gave himself for us that He might 
redeem us from all iniquity and purify 
unto Himself a peculiar people, zealous 
of good works. 

Now, brothers and sisters. You lifted 
your hands. I do not know your names, 
but the Lord has shed His blood to 
cleanse you from sin and to make you a 
peculiar people zealous of good works. 
We have in court some witnesses who 
are called reluctant witnesses, and I 
think the Lord does not want that kind, 
but wants whole-hearted witnesses. * 
wish those who have come out from the 
societies would tell us about it, what so- 
ciety you were in, and why you left it. 

Rev. J. C. Brodfuhrer spoke as fol- 
lows : 

"It was over forty years ago, when I 
was a very young man, I was persuaded 
to join the Masons, but the initiation 
evening showed me that it was not 
Christ, but rather Belial that I was join- 
ed to, and I had given my allegiance to 
Him, my Master, Jesus Christ. I 
thought all through the initiation, this is 
not Christ, this is another person, this is 
Belial, so that was the first evening and 
the last evening, and for forty-two years 
I have been glad that I escaped, because 
it was an escape, and I ask myself. Why 
did vou unite? Whv did vou not ask. 



June, 1902. 

and after you had asked why did you 
not prove some of the things; prove as 
a teacher, as I was a professor, and so 
on, and a preacher. I think now how 
foolish those men must have thought me 
to be, and I thought, too, surely I have 
been a fool to unite with a society of 
which I could not know much, knew so 
little, that I thought that a man with five 
senses ought to have studied out, and to 
have stayed out, and now the next best 
thing was to come out. That is what 
the Apostle says, "Come ye out." And 
so I came out and stayed out. Now that 
is just for myself. Now I wish that others 
would stay out, keep out. That is a 
great thing. Keep out. That is the 
ounce of prevention, but then if you 
have gotten in in some way, by persua- 
sion or by thinking that there might be 
some advantage in it, why then follow 
the example, or the instruction of the 
apostle, when he says, Come ye out. 
Come ye out. And if we had a great 
many of these persons to come out and 
then say why they came out others would 
stay out. I came out because I saw that 
there was nothing good; nothing com- 
mendable to be had in it. I have power, 
glory, everything in the Church, with 
Christ, and how much I have, more than 
my little heart can hold, more than my 
two hands can hold, more than my rea- 
son can attend to, and then thinks I, why 
should you join that society and learn 
these foolish secrets and try to trouble 
your mind, your memory with those 
foolish things, and I came out, and I 
thank the Lord that I have stayed out, 
and I thank the Lord that I may testify 
of the evil this evening to these young 
men who have sung so well, to these 
young women who may be asked by 
their friends to unite with them. I had a 
niece write me asking me to send some- 
thing to a lodge. I wrote to her. I am 
glad I did. I felt better after I wrote the 
letter, because that was my testimony to 
her. I said I am opposed to lodges. If 
this were for the church, well and good. 
Keep it for yourself or the church, but I 
am opposed to the lodge, and everything 
like it. That was my testimony to her. 
A similar testimony I give to you. The 
lodge system can be expressed by two 
letters— N. G. (no good)." 

Mr. T. R. Cran: "My friends, I pre- 
sume I am a stranger here. I am from 
Baltimore, but I know very well that 
twenty odd years ago I took the third 
degree in Oddfellowship, and I then 
dropped out of that fellowship, as I was 
in fellowship already with Christ and I 
preferred that association. "Unless you 
have my spirit ye are none of mine," and 
a man that has the spirit of Christ in his 
heart will go by that power and help one 
in distress, and no society' can accom- 
plish that without the help of God; there- 
fore I prefer to rest on that and asking 
for His guidance to help me whenever I 
see a necessitous case. The man who 
has not that spirit is prompted by selfish- 
ness. There is only one thing that I have 
found in this earth that is not selfish, and 
that is the Spirit of Christ. He gave His 
life that we might have eternal life and 
these lodges do not offer you that. 

A gentleman said: One year ago this 
month I found the Lord Jesus Christ as 
my Savior. At that time I put off the 
old man, and I became a new creature 
in Christ Jesus, and in putting off the 
old man I put off my lodge ties. Now I 
had been in the K. P.'s for some eigh- 
teen or twenty years. I have been 
through the chairs several times, a past 
officer, I have had all the honors that 
can be conferred upon me in the lodge. 
I have nothing particular to say about 
them, only I have no use for them. Je- 
sus' command to me is, "Go into the 
world and preach the gospel." I have 
consecrated my life to Him. The lodge 
does not teach the Gospel, and I do not 
think any case can be cited where any 
lodge has ever brought a soul to Christ.. 
That is the business, the duty and the 
obligation, the life work of every Chris- 
tian, to tell the Gospel, and if they are 
Christ's they want to tell the Gospel, and 
you go into the lodges and you cannot 
talk it there. I have nothing to do with 

A teamster : "I want to say a word or 
two. I have not belonged to any secret 
society, but I have been asked a great 
many times to join an insurance society. 
I am a driver for a grocery firm in this 
city. The teamsters have a union like 

June, 1902. 



all people have, and they want all people 
to join, whether Christians or not. Now 
I cannot be unequally yoked with unbe- 
lievers, and by the grace of God I will 
honor him. A man says the other day, 
'Are you going to let your family starve?' 
I said, 'No, I never will. The Lord is 
my shepherd; I shall not want.' 

A young man: "The testimonies that 
have been given to-night have been by 
elderly men, but as a young man I can 
testify having a little experience with 
secret societies. When I was 18 years 
of age I was intiated as a member of the 
Canadian Order of Foresters. I was led 
in, of course, with my eyes shut, as a 
great many men are. Probably my eyes 
were open, but I was blind. They thought 
I was not blind enough, and they had to 
blindfold me, but bless the Lord, I am 
out of it. The Lord saw that I could 
not afford to lose any money, so He per- 
mitted me to get sick, and He kept me 
sick long enough to draw out all the 
money I had paid in, and He never let 
me get far enough ahead with my money 
to pay in any more dues. Praise His 
name, and after I got well and able to 
work I had no thought then of separat- 
ing myself from the society, but still I 
never could get enough money ahead 
to pay my dues. I never spent anything 
for anything else ; I was a Christian, and 
I thank God to-night that since then He 
has shown me that this lodge is of the 
devil, and I praise Him to-night that al- 
though I walked in with my eyes shut 
I walked out with my eyes opened wide, 
both of them, and I thank God to-night 
that I can say from my heart that if we 
wish to be true followers of the Lord 
Jesus Christ and to work for Him and 
be successful in His work we must sep- 
arate ourselves from unbelievers; win 
them for Jesus, but not go in among 
them and associate with them." 

A lady : "I was a member of the U. S. 
Fraternal League and of the Rebekahs 
(Oddfellows). I knew when I joined 
them that I was not doing the right thing 
after I entered the Christian life. One of 
the most harmful things, from my point 
of view, is the dancing that the lodges 
countenance. I was at a dance, about 

250 people were present, among them 
several young girls 14 to 16 years of age, 
some of them out to 4 or 5 o'clock in the 
morning. Any order that will counte- 
nance the dance is not an order for Chris- 
tians to belong to. The Rebekahs every- 
body knows about; they have such a 
dance every month." 

A middle-aged man: "I never realized 
until to-night how bad a man I have 
been. In my lifetime I have belonged to 
the Good Templars, G. A. R., American 
Mechanics, and last, and worst of all, 
the Free Masons. The brother over here 
was talking about the honors heaped 
upon him in the lodge, but the more I 
think of it the more I think every step 
was dishonor, and the deepest, darkest 
kind of dishonor, to my fellow man, to 
my country, to my Maker. There is not 
a single step as I consider it now that is 
not dishonorable, and yet how many 
there are to offer excuses for them, and 
how ready they are to say you must be 
mistaken, they are not so bad as you 
think, but my study for thirty years of 
the lodge system has led me to this: I 
will not even belong to a church that re- 
ceives secret society members, and I will 
not receive communion at the hands of 
a man that I do not know to be free from 
the secret societv curse." 

A red-nosed man, who favors the 
lodge: "When 18 years of age I joined 
a lodge, a temperance lodge it was, and 
I passed through all the grades, and I 
knew young men to be saved through 
the lodge. We used to open our lodge 
by reading the Bible, and it was a tem- 
perance lodge. I joined that as a young 
man, and I w r ish I had stuck to it. There 
are good lodges and bad lodges, there 
are all kinds of lodges, I think. You can 
take Christ with you anywhere." 

Mr. Blanchard: "Are you a Chris- 
tian?" Answer: "No, sir." 

A stranger: "When a young man, 
through the influence of some other 
Christians, so called, who were members 
of the lodge, I was induced to join the 
Good Templars. I was anxious to go 
and get all the good I could, and I 
thought there was a good chance for me 



June, 1902. 

to go and do good, and of course I went 
in, and having got me in there, I soon 
found that the spirit of Christ did not 
prevail in the lodge; rather the spirit of 
merriment, fun-making, courting and all 
that sort of thing, and I found that some 
of the members themselves often had a 
bottle with them and were taking a little 
sip on the sly, and I got my eyes opened 
to two or three things. I found myself 
on the way home at nearly i o'clock in 
the morning, with a noisy rabble, and I 
concluded it was not the place for a 
Christian. The fourteenth verse of the 
sixth chapter of II. Corinthian says, 'Be 
not unequally yoked together with un- 
believers,' and I came out. Christ is all 
and all to me to-night. I know nothing 
else. He is my salvation." 

A student of the Moody Institute: "I 
can say that I was a three-link man 
(Oddfellow). I went into it, as a young 
fellow here says ; I was blindfolded when 
I went in; I want to say I had a good 
time while I was in the lodge. If any- 
body in a lodge does not have a good 
time it is his own fault. The devil gives 
every chance to have a good time. We 
had dancing, card playing, gambling, etc. 
I filled every chair in the lodge but noble 
grand, and I would have filled that if I 
had stayed there two weeks longer. Since 
I have been in the Moody Institute I 
have received a letter for my dues ; I am 
working my way through school, and it 
is not likely that I will have any surplus 
money. In the 'three links' there is not 
a solitary virtue. It is friendship, love 
and truth; it is faith, hope and charity, 
but I want to tell you whenever the good 
Samaritan quits dramatizing himself it 
stops right there." 

President Blanchard: We are not to 
come out from anything without going 
to something. Jesus Christ never asked 
a man to put down an earthly friendship 
without offering him a divine friendship. 
Jesus Christ never asked a man to lay 
down an earthly support without giving 
him a heavenly support; and He wants 
everybody not simply to come out from 
such things, but to come to Him and be 
joined to Him, and it may be possible 
that there is somebody here to-night who 

would just like to lay hold of life eternal 
in Jesus Christ, and I wish the Chris- 
tians would all bow their heads in prayer 
that the Holy Spirit may manifest Jesus 
Christ to any here that is hungry and 
wants to lay hold of Jesus Christ. Before 
we part, if there is any one here that 
wants to turn away from sin, that is ready 
to take eternal life freely offered in Jesus 
Christ, and to begin a new life here and 
now, will you stand? 

The evening session was closed with a 
prayer by Rev. W. B. Stoddard, of 


May 15, 1902. 

The twenty-eighth annual business 
meeting of the National Christian Asso- 
ciation was called to order by the Gen- 
eral Secretary of the Association, W. I. 

Rev. Samuel H. Swartz was chosen 
Temporary Chairman and offered prayer. 
The minutes of the last annual meeting 
were read by the Recording Secretary, 
Mrs. N. E. Kellogg. 

Mrs. Esther L. Gould, of Dundee, 111. ; 
Mr. John Park, of Wheaton, 111. ; Mr. E. 
Albert Cook and Mr. S. Dekker, of Chi- 
cago, were elected to membership in the 
Association. The following were elected 
as the officers for the ensuing year : Pres- 
ident, Charles A. Blanchard; Vice Presi- 
dent, Rev. J. Groen; General Secretary 
and Treasurer and Editor, W. I. Phil- 
lips; Recording Secretary, Mrs. N. 'E. 
Kellogg. Board of Directors : Judge 
George Bent, E. A. Cook, Rev. W. B, 
Rose, J. M. Hitchcock, Rev. J. A. Mack, 
Rev. L. N. Stratton, E. Whipple, Rev. 
C. A. Blanchard, John Morison, Rev. 
S. H. Swartz, and H. F. Kletzing. 

It was voted to have the letters re- 
ceived from corporate members pub- 
lished in The Cynosure so far as space 
would permit. 

The Treasurer's report and also the re- 
port of the Auditors were read and re- 
ceived and adopted, a synopsis of which 
appears in this number of The Cyno- 
sure. The report of the Board of Di- 
rectors was read by J. M. Hitchcock, 
Secretary of the board. It was approved 
and adopted. 

June, 1902. 



Rev. Jas. P. Stoddard gave an inter- 
esting account of the work being accom- 
plished by the New England Associa- 
tion and asked that a delegate from this 
association be chosen to meet with the 
New England Association at its annual 
convention in December next. The As- 
sociation appointed Secretary W. I. 
Phillips to represent the Association at 
the next annual meeting of the New En- 
gland Association, and Rev. S. H. 
Swartz was chosen as alternate. 

Mr. and Mrs. Ezra A. Cook gave the 
association a cordial invitation to take 
dinner in Mr. Cook's business house on 
River street. Their hospitality was ac- 
cepted and enjoyed. 

Afternoon Session, May 15, 1902. 

Rev. Samuel H. Swartz, chairman. 

The meeting was opened by song and 
the lesson read by Rev. C. I. Scofield, 
of Northfield, Mass., was Matt. 10:25-42 
and a portion of the first chapter of I. 

Rev. John H. Clements, of Atkinson/ 
111.,' not being present, on motion, Rev. 


Jas. P. Stoddard, of Boston, addressed 
the audience, as follows : 

At the close of the meeting last even- 
ing a young gentleman spoke to me in 

regard to the organization, the mechani- 
cal principles, I might call it structure, 
of the secret lodge system. I have de- 
voted some study to that feature of our 
work. I am persuaded that there is no 
more thoroughly organized government 
among the wicked governments of this 
earth than that by which the secret em- 
pire is controlled. It is a centralized, 
despotic government in which the arbi- 
trary power of the men to whom it is 
committed rules to the farthest limit and 
controls the humblest devoted citizen of 
that empire. It begins with its juvenile 
department and proceeds to those which 
are more elaborate and culminates in 
what is called, in this country, the Su- 
preme Council. That supreme council 
is composed of several grand officers, 
and this body bears the somewhat im- 
pressive and un-American title of Most 

Puissant Sovereign Grand . I find 

that this whole scheme is laid with 
the most consummate skill. It is dove- 
tailed and glued together and it is inhab- 
ited by one spirit and that is not the 
spirit of Him who left the glory of the 
Father and came to this earth and offer- 
ed Himself in sacrifice, and said, "It is 
expedient for you that I go away, for if 
I go not away the Comforter will not 
come, but if I go away I will send the 
Comforter." It is the other spirit that 
inhabits these organizations. It is the 
spirit which works for the control of ev- 
ery citizen, inside or outside of Chicago, 
coercing where possible, bribing where 
coercion does not succeed, and in some 
way asserting itself. Making the minis- 
try of our country feel that it is not safe 
to stand by the openness which Christ 
both taught and witnessed. In this way 
in a spirit of intimidation many good 
brothers are failing to comply with the 
spirit of our Lord when he said, "Let 
your light shine." There are multitudes 
of men whom God has given not only 
goods but opportunities to use these 
goods in Christ's kingdom who are with- 
holding their testimony on this subject. 
Men who in private will confer with you 
and me and tell of the encroachings of 
the lodge system in their churches, par- 
ticularly among the young men. They 
will tell you, as statistics tell us, that our 
churches are becoming made up largely 



June, 1902. 

of men who are not eligible to position 
in these secret orders, and of women, 
who have until recently resisted the devil 
in this line ; but I am sorry to say that a 
vast portion of humanity is becoming 
corrupted in some measure and like the 
men are led blind-folded into these lodges 
and learning to peep into the dark places 
of the earth, made dark by the men and 
women who bolt the doors and put blinds 
at the windows and swear everyone who 
comes in there not tell what they see. 
Women are coming to that. Now I 
think it is a fearful thing to withhold the 
truth that God has told you to tell, and 
especially so for a minister of the Gos- 
pel who stands up in his pulpit, that has 
walked out on the promises of God be- 
lieving that God will redeem His word 
and that His effort for the reclamation 
of men in this world shall not be a fail- 
ure when the time comes, and the time 
will come when God will send judgment 
to the earth, and the islands will watch 
for the Lord. When the time comes that 
the pulpits of this land and other lands 
are faithful to the convictions that God 
gives to good men, and the rules that 
He lays down in His word ; I sav when 
the time comes that the pulpits of the 
country utter no uncertain sound on this 
subject, the doom of these secret lodges 
is very near at hand. Do not under- 
stand me to bring railing accusations 
against men who are intimidated, I am 
simply stating facts. Every man must 
answer for his own conduct, to his Mas- 
ter he stands, or to his Master he falls. 

A man of more than ordinary ability 
in the pulpit, who has been successful in 
winning souls, said to me recently in his 
study in Boston, he said : "Mr. Stod- 
dard, the place and the time I attacked 
these secret orders (he mapped out the 
line of his conduct) there began a move- 
ment clandestinely for my removal, and 
that was carried on underhandedlv tin- 
til I found it a necessity to leave my pul- 
pit and my place, not that I was openly 
attacked, but undermined. Now, he says, 
in this church a man who is the most 
wealthy and influential man in this com- 
munity attends church, he pays liberally, 
his wife is a member and his children 
are in the Sabbath School ; my chorister 
is the Superintendent of the public 

schools in this town, (it was a town of 
quite a number of thousand of inhabi- 
tants, contiguous to Boston,) he has or- 
ganized a choir composed of the select 
voices from the school, and he conducts 
our music gratutiously. Now, he says, 
if I should utter my convictions in my 
present pulpit, as I did in my former 
pulpit, the same results would follow. 
That man would not attack me openly, 
he would withdraw to worship in some 
other place. Were I to utter my convic- 
tions in regard to the Masonic lodge 
that chorister would excuse himself 
from service and take with him the best 
musical talent we have in the commun- 
ity ; and he submitted to me this practical 
question, that you, brother, and every 
minister in this house have to meet : 
"W T hat is my duty, Brother Stoddard, 
under the circumstances?" I could not 
decide that. I could tell him what would 
be my duty. It would be my duty to 
cry aloud and spare none. 

After one of my talks on this subject 
* the past month there was some little dis- 
turbance and my friends came to me 
and advised me not to go on the street 
for fear of personal danger. When the 
audience came back on the next Satur- 
day night, I reported to them what had 
been told me. I said to them, gentle- 
men, you have not redeemed your word, 
you promised to bring two men here to 
reply to me, and you said you would skin 
me from the crown of my head to the 
soles of my feet. You have not done it. 
But I want to give you this notice. 
There is one man in Boston which will 
be either a free man or a corpse. You 
will perhaps decide which. While God 
permits me to live, while the flag of my 
country is the emblem of freedom, 
while the rights of a citizen who is not 
accused or convicted of a crime are the 
rights of liberty and free speech, I shall 
exercise those rights and take the con- 
sequences, trusting in God ; living or 
dead, I will be a free man in Christ Je- 
sus. (Applause.) There is many a man 
to-day who has this question to settle. 
He looks over the community. There is 
Deacon Jones, and Deacon Smith, and 
Deacon Tarbox, and there is Mr. So and 
So, and there are some of those women 
that have gotten into the female depart- 

June, 1902. 



ment of the Knights of the Golden 
Fleece, or the Wonderful Family of 
Guinea Hens or something of that kind, 
and he sees the influential women in his 
congregation, and he knows that they 
belong to the female department of this 
institution popularly known as Free Ma- 
sonry, and he says behold Goliath ! He 
is panoplied in an armor that is impene- 

You stand and look into these organi- 
zations, and if you do not believe what 
Jesus Christ says, and have no faith in 
Christ to trust Him, keep your mouth 
shut : but, if you believe that when Je- 
sus Christ puts forth His own He goes 
before them and that He puts them 
forth in this wicked place to testify 
against the evils, then let the truth of 
God go forth and take the conse- 

There are some kinds of guns, or used 
to be, I am not much of a hunter now, 
that it used to be a little more dangerous 
to be at one end than the other; the 
kick was a little worse than the shot ; 
and when you withhold the truth, you 
put yourself in a position to be kicked 
heels over head, and I can enumerate 
more men than you can count on your 
fingers and toes that by withholding the 
testimony that God has given, have been 
prostrated in the estimation of all who 
knew them, and they are sleeping to- 
day, like Samson, shorn of his locks, in 
the lap of the Delilah, called the secret 
lodge system. I know such men, and 
so do you. I am pre-eminently practical, 
though I am Christian, I hope I am prac- 
tical. Every man and woman who is a 
Christian, who has the spirit of the Christ 
is pre-eminently practical, and to be prac- 
tical means sometimes to be personal, 
and sometimes we have to be personal 
even though it is not very pleasant to 
be so. 

I went down to a little city by the sea- 
shore. Some of you have heard of it ; 
sometimes it is called The Hub, and they 
used to send their letters to Boston via 
this town, which was better known. I 
went down there in 1890. The degrees 
had been worked by Ronayne and other 
brethren in Tremont Temple. The mob 
and excitement had quieted down. I 
thought this time I would try to reach 
men through their intelligence. I went 

and talked to Dr. Gordon. I would go 
and sit down and talk with him. He 
would fold his arms in a quiet way and 
hear 'what I had to say and then he 
would say : Brother Stoddard. I think 
so and so. That was enough for me. I 
visited other people ; our good brother 
whom our Lord has spared to this day, 
Dr. James M. Gray, was one of them. 
He was then preaching at the Reform 
Episcopal Church, and was not known 
then as he is to-day. That humble and 
faithful pastor, became interested and 
enlisted. He said : "I am not posted, 
but I will testify." If those who are not 
posted who have convictions, that are 
given by the Spirit, would testify we 
would have many meetings such as we 
had last night, Brother Jacoby, many 
meetings. I loaned him three books. He 
wanted to read. When he read these 
three books and gave them back to me, 
he said: "Brother Stoddard, if the min- 
isters of Boston would read these books 
there is not one of them but would cry 
against this system." I said, It has taken 
me three years to get you to read these 
books, how long will it take me to get 
the average minister of Boston to read 
them? Dr. Gray came out. He ran his 
flag up and has kept it at mast height, 
and no man in Boston to-day wields a 
greater power for Christ and for His 
kingdom, for the young people and for 
the Bible student than does Dr. James 
M. Gray. You know his powers of Bible 
teaching ; he was born a teacher, and in 
his Bible work he does not hesitate to 
testify and many and many of my best 
witnesses are men whom Dr. Gray found 
in his Bible work, and sent their names 
to me, and I opened a correspondence 
which resulted in their eyes being open- 
ed, not by Stoddard, but by the Holy 
Spirit, through the instrumentalitv that 
God had appointed. That man's power 
in Chicago, that man's influence over the 
young men he met here and who re- 
ceived the benefit of his instruction, that 
man's influence touches the uttermost 
parts of this country through the young 
men and women that sat under his min- 
istry and teaching and are going out from 
this fountain like clear streams of crystal 
light and life to all parts of the coun- 

Just about the time that James AT. 



June, 1902. 

Gray came out and identified himself with 
this cause, there was another man who 
came out. He was better known in Bos- 
ton than was James M. Gray. He was 
pastor of one of the largest churches in 
Boston. He made an address in opposi- 
tion to the lodge and when the natural 
result followed he shrank, and while his 
speech has been published here and there, 
and has been re-published, and was a 
burning and strong testimony against the 
lodge, yet he succumbed. Instead of 
standing up to his principles, instead of 
continuing upon the line of his testi- 
money, he fell back. I saw him not a 
great while ago, and I said, brother, have 
you joined the lodge yet? "No," he said, 
"I do not think any more of the lodge 
than I did." Well, I was glad to know 
that, but the people who have listened to 
his preaching in Chicago, listened 'to his 
preaching in Boston, listened to his 
preaching in Buffalo as a pastor, these 
people, many of them, are ignorant of the 
fact that he does not like the lodge. That 
man's influence, compared with Dr. 
Gray's, who stood up and let his light 
shine, that man's influence to-day, while 
I do not say that he is not a Christian, I 
say that his influence is as one to one 
hundred compared with Dr. Gray. 

Young men who are preparing for the 
ministry, young men and women who 
are to be in life's battle soon, remember 
it is safe to follow where God leads. Let 
your light shine. God has taught it in 
His word, He has- proved it by incident 
after incident, example after example, 
that it is safe to follow God and declare 
your principles and take the conse- 

It was said recently by a prominent 
minister : "We ought to take the prac- 
tices of the heathens and introduce them 
into Christianity, Christianize them, and 
let Christians use them for the evangeliz- 
ing the world." I said, yes, brother, I 
remember a noted incident < of that kind. 
Aaron went down to Egypt and got a 
calf and he said, Oh God, we are going 
to utilize the Egyptian .calf in the worship 
of the living God. Moses took a differ- 
ent view of it when he came down from 
the mountain. He called Aaron to ac- 
count for it and he took his stand for God 
and for the Truth, and he said: "He that 

is on the Lord's side, let him come to 
me," and they came over, but three thou- 
sand of them were in favor of worshiping 
the living God by the use of the heathen 
calf. Then Moses had them put to death. 
That was a case of church discipline very 
different from some that we see at the 
present time. Now I say to-day that I 
would rather be Joseph in the prison 
contending for the truth, than fco be 
Pharoah on the throne keeping Chris- 
tian( ?) heathen rites, or wearing Masonic 
titles. It is better in the end. 

Remarks of Rev. John W. CraiaTt Cliica«o. 

I am sorry that you called Brother 
Stoddard down, because I feel that I can- 
not this afternoon do more than the old 
woman did when she joined the army 
with a broomstick. They said, "What 
good can you do with that, granny?" 
She said, "I can show which side I am 
on." That is about all that I can do now. 
I cannot tell you anything about the in- 
ner workings of the lodge, because I 
have never belonged to one myself and 
I hope I never shall, but I can tell you 
something about the paralyzing effect 
and influence of the lodge upon the spir- 
itual life of some Christians that I come 
in contact with, and I purpose to speak 
along that line. I have said, and I say it 
boldly, and I say it again, I believe in a 
great many places the lodge is a greater 
enemy to the cause of Christ than the 
saloon. That perhaps would not apply 
to Chicago, but in a great many places 
the lodge is a greater enemy to the cause 
of Christ than the saloon. Now I will 
tell you why. You can draw the line be- 
tween the saloon and the church; and 
men and women who come out from the 
world and unite with the church are go- 
ing to leave the saloon, that is, in most 
of the churches, and the minister of the 
gospel can stand in the pulpit and preach 
against the saloons without being in dan- 
ger of being mobbed, but I tell you how 
it is with the lodge — it goes right into 
the church and you cannot draw the 
line. If a man should stand up in per- 
haps seven churches out of ten, and if a 
pastor of the church should stand up 
and declare himself against the lodge he 
would get a notice from the pulpit com- 
mittee in a week or ten days that he 

June, 1902. 



would better resign because some of our 
members belong to the lodge, and you 
will have to keep your hands off. The 
lodge comes into the church and steals 
some of our most helpful and devoted 
members, and they soon get out of sym- 
pathy with the church and their hearts 
are divided, as it were. They become 
double-eyed (Matthew vi., 22-23), an d 
for that reason I say that in a great many 
places the lodge is a greater enemy to 
the cause of Christ than the saloon. I 
want to tell you about the little church 
that I have served out in Cola, Mich. 
A more prosperous little town I never 
saw in my life. There are about one 
thousand inhabitants; they have a knit- 
ting factory that gives employment to 
some two hundred men and women, with 
a $2,000 pay roll. The population has 
doubled in three or four years. There 
are a great many young people there, 
and it seems that, humanly speaking, it 
would be just the place where churches 
ought to thrive. I was pastor of a little 
Presbyterian church out there one year, 
and I soon found that there were no less 
than eight lodges in that town, and just 
before I came away, an agent came to 
organize the Modern Woodmen. Of 
course he wanted me to join the lodge. 
He soon found I was not in sympathy 
with it. I said, I am afraid you will find 
difficulty in organizing a lodge here; 
there are no less than eight here already. 
After a few days he said, "I have over 
thirty members already." I suppose they 
have nine there now, anyway. 
> At our first or second church business 
meeting, that was held after I was called 
to that pastorate, the church clerk read 
a letter from a young lady who was a 
member of the church, requesting that 
her name be dropped, and it was ob- 
jected to. One and another said she was 
president of the young people's society, 
one of our most active and best work- 
ers that we had in the church, and we 
cannot afford to lose her, so a committee 
was appointed to labor with her and try 
to bring her back to the Lord and the 
matter was deferred for a short time. 
We visited and labored with her and in- 
quired as to the reason of requesting her 
name to be dropped from the church 
roll. She said, "I joined the Maccabees, 
and we have our meeting on Tuesday 

night, and in this church the young peo- 
ple's meeting was held on Tuesday night, 
and I requested them to change the 
meeting, and they refused to do it, and 
I have to attend my lodge meeting, and 
I want my name dropped." We labored 
with her for some two months, and she 
still insisted on having her name dropped 
and finally it was, and all the time I 
preached there I do not think she came 
into the church more than half a dozen 
times; and I might tell of many others 
whose spiritual life was similarly affect- 
ed. I again say, in a great many places 
the lodge is a greater enemy to the cause 
of Christ than the saloon, and I bless God 
that He has given me courage to declare 
myself again, that while it does not 
make friends, I am like the old woman, 
I am ready to give my voice against such 
things and show which side I am on. 

Rev. Fred Eld ridge, Chicago. 

It will be no trouble at all for me to 
confine my remarks to the ten minutes, 
perhaps even five. I do thank God for 
the privilege of being here this after- 
noon. I have known of these services 
being held each year, but never was en- 
abled to attend them, and I always felt 
that I was deprived of something that 
would be of help to me. What I can say 
of secret societies will, of course, be from 
a limited experience. I have never be- 
longed to but one, and the only thing I 
can remember about it is I never remem- 
ber of anything of importance being 
done there; I never remember of the 
name of Christ being mentioned there. 
I do remember there were believers and 
unbelievers. Outside of that the only 
thing I remember about a secret society 
is a smutty story that was told there that 
the devil used to put into my heart once 
in a while. 

As to the effect of secret societies in 
the work, I want to speak of an experi- 
ence that we had in a little church in this, 
city. I noticed that we had the prayer 
meeting on Thursday instead of Wednes- 
day evening. I learned afterward that 
the lodge met Wednesday evening and 
therefore the prayer meeting was 
changed to Thursday evening. After I 
had been there a couple of months one 
of the deacons came to me and I passed 
the time with him just before service, 
and asked him why he was not out to the 



June, 1902. 

morning service. "Well," foe said, "it is 
like this. On Saturday night our lodge 
hold all their social gatherings, and as 
you know it is pretty early before we get 
away, and I never feel like coming to 
church on Sunday morning." I said, 
'You are not putting your lodge before 
your church, are you?" He said, "I 
think if I live up to what is taught in the 
ritual of our lodge there will be no doubt 
about my getting to heaven." And that 
is the conception that the ordinary per- 
son has about the teaching of the lodge. 
This is true of not only one deacon but 
three others in that church, and one of 
them has never been in the prayer meet- 
ing in all the time we have been there, 
nearly a year, on the ground that he has 
to be up at 4 o'clock in the. morning. 
No trouble at all to stay out to the gath- 
ering of the lodge. It is true of all the 
deacons, and further, it has extended to 
the young people. In view of these men 
who are older in life, the young people 
say, "Here is So-and-so in a lodge; if 
they are in the lodge it must be all right. 
I will take them as my guide, and the 
result of that has been that those whom 
we have had in office have objected to 
the proclamation of truth along that line 
and have severed their connection, if not 
from the church, have at least dropped 
active church work, because they did not 
believe in that thing. 

I thank God this afternoon for the tes- 
timony of the speaker that just preceded 
me (Rev. J. Groen, Grand Rapids, 
Mich.). It rejoiced my heart to know 
that God does honor a body of people 
who will take their stand upon His word 
no matter where it leads them. I praise 
Him this afternoon for the courage He 
gives me to lift my voice against this 
thing, and I ask an interest in your pray- 
ers that God will enable us to do some 
work for Him in this little church on the 
South Side. It seems as if the work of 
Christ and His church is hindered be- 
cause of the influence of lodge member- 
ship, and I ask God to overcome the 
hindrances along that line and let us see 
God's work prosper and souls saved. 

Rev. lir. JL. JS. ^tratton, Chicaaro. 

I am glad to be with you this after- 
noon, my dear friends. I have been sit- 
ting down by Brother Stoddard to gather 

some inspiration from him. I became in- 
spired by sitting by his side many years 
ago. The first letter of his name is the 
first letter of mine, and we were in the 
same class in college. Our elbows touch- 
ed in the recitation room, so I have been 
glad to have been here this afternoon 
and heard his stirring and bold speech, 
as well also as those of other brethren 
who have been speaking to-day. I be- 
lieve it takes courage and fidelity and 
purpose to 'be on the right side of a ques- 
tion of this kind and to have patience and 
to go ahead and do our duty and be faith- 
ful and at the same time feel strong. I 
believe men have to have courage. They 
did in the days of our fathers. 
"And the great white bursts of cannon 

Where the curling guns of the patriots 

In syllables dropped from the throne of 

And the ragged gaps in the walls of blue, 
Where the iron shell rolled heavily 

And these gaps were built with a breath 

As the colonel cried, "Close up, my 

Men like to see courage in battle. We 
like to see it in the moral battle, in the 
spiritual battle, in the battle when men 
try to do that which is right. Men who 
are strong, and are willing to walk up to 
the cannon's mouth are the men that are 
wanted to-day. We feel sometimes very 
strong and very determined and very 
resolute, and other times tender and sym- 
pathetic for those who are out of the way. 
The old verse that I heard George W. 
Clark repeat in Rochester, N. Y., was 
like this : "Do not lightly stroke a nettle ; 
it will sting you for your pains. Grasp 
it like a man of metal, and it soft as silk 
remains." I like that sentiment. At the 
same time there is a feeling of sympathy 
coming over me for these men who are 
out of the way. 

Last night you had a good meeting 
here; I heard about it, but we had a 
good meeting in our church in a prayer 
meeting in Chicago three or four miles 
north of here. They were mostly young 
people in that meeting last night, and I 
could not help but tell them I admired 

June, 1902. 



them for coming, for having courage 
enough to come out through the wind 
to be there at that prayer meeting, and 
they are so interested in the church that 
they stay away from the lodges, and I 
spoke about the lodge and the club and 
what the ministers were saying about the 
clubs, that the churches are clubbed to 
death nowadays. Now is it not true? 
Certainly it is. I rejoice that these young 
people are faithful. And I told them I 
just believed that they wanted to take 
one more forward step and come out 
bold and straight and strong with us in 
trying to save the men of that town. For 
three Sabbath nights I have spoken on 
this same subject that is before us to- 
day. I have tried to do my duty and 
tell them faithfully as before that God 
who will call me to account, as a dying 
man speaking to dying men, and I have 
no other business than to do that so far 
as I know. I want to be plain with the 
people, for I shall soon meet these peo- 
ple again, and by the grace of God I am 
going to be faithful. 

I take the position on this lodge ques- 
tion as one who feels deeply in his soul 
an anxiety for those men and women 
who are misled. The other night at the 
supper table, where I take my meals, a 
young lady sat at my table. She had 
come from Montreal to Chicago, and 
she said, "I am surprised to see the peo- 
ple who are going to the lodges are so 
different from Montreal. There are young 
boys 1 8 or 19 years of age, and women in 
the lodges drinking their beer and wine. 
She said: "I have a mind not to go to 
the lodge any more if they cannot have 
^better conduct than that." She did not 
know I would tell on her, but I told it 
in the church the next Sunday evening. 

There are quite a number of persons 
who do not come to the prayer meeting; 
I understand they go to the lodges, but 
I was surprised last night after my talk. 
There was a young lady who loves her 
father very greatly, and he is quite a 
marked Oddfellow ; he is a deacon in the 
church and is a faithful Christian man. 
He does not understand the condition of 
things. He has not had his eyes opened. 
He is away now and has not heard these 
discourses. I have talked with him, and 
we must have patience with those who 

have not the light. This daughter, who 
thinks so much of her father, got right 
up and talked the same way that I did. 
She said she thought it was true that the 
lodges were drawing off the money and 
spiritual life of the church that is needed 
among us and among all Christian 
churches. We need greater faith in our 
Savior, and these worldly things that are 
misleading people in the church should 
be put down. 

Once I spoke on the lodge. I think it 
was in Worcester, Mass. I got a letter 
from a man away down in Mississippi. 
I had spoken against the lodge as being 
against law, and he said in his letter: 
"Don't you know that you are an infernal 
fool? That Masonry stands above law?" 
Yes, I was finding it out about as well 
as I could. 

fiev. W. L,. Clapp, Chicayro. 

I think I need say no more than amen 
to what my brothers before me have said, 
although there were three or four things 
that they did not say. 

I may say in the beginning that I 
never belonged to a lodge ; I know noth- 
ing about their secrets, or what is done 
in there myself or anything of the kind 
save from what I have heard. When I 
was a little boy, although my parents 
were not Christians, somehow or other 
from what I could gather from listening 
to conversations of those who were mem- 
bers of lodges, as they talked one to an- 
other, and I do not suppose they always 
thought I was taking in what they said, 
I came to feel that the lodge was not a 
place where I would want to be if the 
Lord Jesus Christ should come. Well, 
you might say, what gave you an idea 
that the Lord Jesus was coming? I 
thank God for a good, faithful pastor that 
taught that doctrine, among the other 
good, old doctrines in the church, and 
it was this that led me to acknowledge 
myself as a sinner, and to own and con- 
fess Christ to be my Savior, and I 
thought I would not want the Lord to 
find me in that place if he should come, 
so I decided before I was 14 years of 
age, before I went away from home, 
that I would never belong to a lodge, 
and I never have. When I was 19 years 
of age, just after being converted, I fel: 
called to evangelistic work. I was thor- 



June, 1902. 

oughly convinced when I listened and 
heeded the call that God gave me to go 
out and save the lost, that that was, if 
not the highest, next to the highest, the 
calling of a pastor, in importance, and I 
could conceive of nothing more impor- 
tant than to reach out and save men and 
women from sin, and I was very much 
surprised when there were leading mem- 
bers of these churches I visited who ab- 
sented themselves from these special 
meetings which were being conducted 
because they had a special engagement 
at the lodge. To speak of my observa- 
tion as a pastor I might say that only 
yesterday I said to a woman who was a 
member of my church, "Will you go here 
and look after a sick family?" She said, 
"I have to go to the lodge this afternoon, 
I am chaplain." I had another conversa- 
tion with a member of the church, who 
is a member of the board of trustees. He 
has been absenting himself from the Sun- 
day services and he reported that he had 
to go among the sick members of his 
lodge. I have no objection to visiting 
the sick ; I believe that is one of the rea- 
sons why the lodge has gained a foot- 
hold among the people, because we have 
been neglecting that work among our 
people. The Bible says, "Pure religion 
and undefiled before God and the Fa- 
ther is this, to visit the fatherless and the 
widows in their affliction, and to keep 
himself unspotted from the world." That 
is what the lodge does, and I believe 
that, along with our censure and criti- 
cism, and along with the faults we see, 
we need also to see the faults that need 
correcting among us, and get the spirit 
of Jesus Christ that will take us to the 
home where suffering and sorrow has a 
place, and bring brightness to the home 
and happiness to the soul, and when we 
have done that we will win some of them 
from the lodges. 

My first objection as a Christian and 
a citizen to the lodge is that it creates 
in the minds of those who are misinform- 
ed, and all men are misinformed until 
they have gotten away up to the top, it 
creates the premise for false hope. A 
while ago I wrote my dear sister down 
yonder in the State of Nebraska a Chris- 
tian letter and tried to lead her to the 
Lord Jesus Christ, and what do you sup- 

pose she wrote back? She wrote back: 
"I should judge from the tone of your 
letter that you think I am a heathen. I 
belong to the order of the Eastern Star 
and I am trying with all my strength to 
live up to the principles of that order, 
and I am visiting the sick and doing a 
whole lot of other things, and you surely 
don't think the Lord is going to shut 
me out." We laugh at these things, but 
it sends a pang of sorrow through my 
heart that I have not been able to show 
her that there is no way but through 
Jesus Christ the Lord. The lodge cre- 
ates the way for false hopes, and hence 
they take these false hopes as a witness, 
of the favor of God until it is too late. 

It has already been suggested that the 
lodge takes people away from the church. 
In the next place it takes the money away 
from the church. If there is one thing in 
Chicago that people need to learn it is 
that their money belongs to the Lord. As, 
near as I have been able to find out ex- 
perience shows that the vast majority of 
professed Christians do not yet realize 
that the money they have, whether it be 
little or much, belongs to God, and the 
lodge takes money which ought to be 
pouring into the treasuries of our mis- 
sionary societies and sending men to the- 
heathen and out to the doors of men and 
women who long for something they do 
not know what, and that something is the 
Gospel. It saves and keeps men and wo- 
men from sin. It takes money away from 
the church. As the brother remarked 
when reading his report, it puts Christian 
men and women voluntarily among god- 
less men and women and on the same 
level with them. You cannot lift your 
voice against the thing you do not like 
and the thing you are prejudiced against. 
By way of illustration. This same wom- 
an I have alluded to, who is chaplain of 
the lodge I mentioned, is very much op- 
posed to gambling. I do not mean stock 
exchange gambling, I mean some that 
goes on in some of the churches, and 
this kind that is carried on in lodges and 
other institutions of that kind, and awhile 
ago they were about to have an enter- 
tainment and brought her 12 tickets rep- 
resenting 12 chances to get something, T 
don't know what. She refused pointblank 
to have anything to do with them, and 

June, 1902. 



they lay on the center table a long time. 
I cannot stop to tell you what happened 
just because she lived up to the light 
she had and refused to sell these chances 
on that article. She got into a great deal 
of difficulty about it, and lost the inti- 
mate friendship of more than one. 

Lastly, and I do not know but this is 
any less reason why I do not believe in 
lodges than any other ; it makes men and 
women respecters of persons. Jesus 
Christ came to pull down partitions and 
make men and women equal in the sight 
of God. I have noticed this that often in 
the church a good man or woman, mem- 
bers of the church, would also be mem- 
bers of the same lodge. You can- 
not get them to work on any committee 
very successfully unless you place some 
of their lodge members on the same com- 
mittee. It makes cliques in the church, 
and the Lord Jesus condemned them. 

Lastly, the lodge fails in the very ob- 
ject to which it 'is devoted. For instance, 
how many of us here this afternoon do 
not remember of more than one lodge 
organization or mutual benefit associa- 
tion, that has gone to the wall and hun- 
dreds of dollars put into it have been 
lost? Where is it? Nobody knows. 
Somebody has worn it out in the gold 
braid regalia that has been paraded 
through the streets, and it is gone. 

I shall never forget down in the State 
of Maine when I was conducting an 
evangelistic campaign in the city of Port- 
land, of a lodge going up there. It cre- 
ated hardship and disappointment among 
the people, and also suspicion that 
brought about strife and division, and 
slashed society in the community in 
twain, and men and women who had been 
fast friends for nearly a lifetime, found 
their friendship ruined. The lodge fails 
to accomplish its purpose, and I want to 
add my testimony, and to stand up 
straight on my feet, upright and down- 
right, and inright and outright for the 
truth, for Jesus Christ, who satisfies 
the cravings and demands of every soul 
and gives the peace which the world 
cannot give, neither can it take away. 

r ev, Samuel H. Swnrtz. 

The only institution on earth that vis- 
its the widow and the orphan and keeps 

WORLD is the church of the Living 
God. I do not mean the church incorpo- 
rate ; I mean the invisible church. The 
Lord Jesus Christ had twelve disciples, 
but there was an inner circle in that 
twelve that lived closer to the heart of 
Christ than all of the others put together, 
and when He wanted to do something 
very special, when He was going to spe- 
cially invoke divine power, he did not 
take the twelve, but he took Peter, James 
and John, the inner circle, the church in- 
corporate. Christ has a church, the spir- 
itual church, and it is the only institution 
on earth that visits the widow and the or- 
phan and keeps itself unspotted from the 
world. The lodge don't do it. They 
don't even make a feint at it ; and then I 
want to say another thing, in defense of 
the mystical body of the Lord Jesus 
Christ as represented by the church. It 
is the only organization on this earth that 
does anything out of downright pure 
charity and whatever charity is done out- 
side of the body of the Lord Jesus Christ 
as represented in the church, is done be- 
cause of the reflex influence on their life 
and their power. The lodge does not do 
any charitable things ; it is a Shylock, 
and it has the pound of flesh every time. 
Do not make any mistake about it. Oh, 
brothers, sisters, let us remember that 
the representatives of the Lord Jesus 
Christ are the kings and princes of God. 
We have no high sounding titles, but we 
do work with God, we do have fellowship 
with the Divine and the unction of the 
Holy One rests upon us. You cannot 
find it anywhere else. 

Mr. Cameron See is in this company 
this afternoon. He knows something 
from the inside. He wishes to make a 
public renunciation. My presiding elder 
says I have hurt myself and injured my 
influence as a great minister by public ut- 
terances on a subject of which I could 
know nothing, because I am not into 
them ! I have not got to get into a hole 
to see it is a nasty dirty hole. 

Now you have listened to some of the 
things they are talking about ; things 
"they don't know anything about." Now 
we are going to ask a man that knows 
something about it from the inside to 
talk to vou. 



June, 1902. 

Mr. Cameron See. 

I have never faced an audience outside 
of the lodge room in my life to compare 
with this, and I want to stand here this 
afternoon as a man redeemed from sin by 
the blood of Jesus Christ and raise my 
voice against these hellish, devilish or- 
ganizations ; all secret organizations. 
That is what I want to do. I do not care 
hOw moral a man you are, it will drag 
you down. Imagine a man with a wine- 
glass in his hands making a toast with a 
lot of low, I would not say low sinners, 
they are as good as I am without the 
grace of God, but with people that are 
not your equal. You are in Christ if 
He has raised you* up from being under 
trespasses and under sins. They know 
nothing about that. They do not know a 
thing about it at all. I tell you what it 
did for me. It dragged me in about five 
years from one who was a moral young 
man as ever lived, a Baptist, a Christian, 
as far as I knew at that time. I was as 
good a Baptist, I guess, as there was. I 
went into the lodge because the best men 
in that Baptist church belonged to the 
lodge. That was the reason I went in. 
Then I came to Chicago and of course 
I had my card from that lodge. I was 
raised in West Virginia, and I went into 
the Knights of Pythias lodge here in 
Chicago. I got with friends, friends they 
were to me then and of course in a lodge 
there will be friends. There are cliques 
in a lodge, any lodge. No lodge ever 
existed on earth but there were cliques 
in it. Some will pull one way and some 
another. I went to the top in that lodge, 
outside of the Grand Lodge, I went as 
far as being representative to the Grand 
Lodge, but I never gained one single 
good thing from my lodge connection, 
and I was so glad when the brother here 
said the only benevolence, the only char- 
ity existed in the church of the Risen 
Lord and Savior, Jesus Christ. I mean 
the body of Christ. Take the whole body, 
the church, the bride of Christ that will 
be caught up with Him, it is going to 
meet Him in the air. 

Take the K. P. lodge. That is based 
on Damon and Pythias, but it is a false 
basis, it is something else. They give 
you something pretty near as good ; but 
bless God, I stand here free of all lodges, 

and if I live one hundred years, or as long 
as I stand on these two feet, I will claim 
nothing but the Church of the Lord 
Jesus Christ as the order I belong to. 

After the question box the meeting 
was adjourned until 8 p. m. 


The meeting opened at 8 p. m. with 
Rev. J. W. Fifield, D. D., presiding. Af- 
ter a. song service, scripture reading and 
prayer, the speaker of the evening, Rev. 
Chas. A. Blanchard, addressed the audi- 
ence on the subject, "The Worship of 
Secret Societies Offered to Satan." 

Preliminary Remarks. 

It is a great pleasure, brothers and sis- 
ters, to respond to this very kind intro- 
duction by the presentation of sucb 
thoughts as the Holy Spirit may breathe 
into our minds. There are two things 
which I trust will result from this discus- 
sion. In trie first place I hope that all 
those persons present Who are on con- 
viction opposed to secret societies may be^ 
stirred to far greater activity in the place 
in life where they labor in making known 
their conviction in regard to this mat- 
ter than they have heretofore been ; that 
we may be more active if we are opposed" 
to lodges. I do not know how many of 
you have your minds made up. I sup- 
pose that a majority of this congrega- 
tion (over five hundred) are already on- 
conviction opposed to secret societies. 
After you have turned this matter over 
and after you have come to the deliber- 
ate conclusion that secret associations are* 
not helpful to the Christian character — 
that they are not helpful to the Christian 
church ; that they are perhaps a men- 
ace to government so that you do not be- 
long to them yourself; if you have be- 
longed to them you have come out from 
them ; vou do not advise other persons 
to unite with them ; so far as you have- 
any influence personally in regard to this 
matter it goes against this organization, 
and yet I think that we all of us come 
short of the duty of the hour. These- 
lodges are numbered by thousands. 
There are three hundred different secret 
societies in the United States. They 
claim six million of men to-day as mem-- 

June, 1902. 



bers ; they claim half a million women as 
members, and the number of women who 
are moving into these societies is greatly 
in excess of the number who formerly 
became engaged with them. They claim 
to be initiating at this time over two 
hundred thousand persons each year, and 
it does not require argument to show 
that a movement of that kind is at least 
a most serious import to the homes of 
the State and to the country. If we are 
opposed to lodges we should let this dis- 
approval become known. I am a little 
curious to know how many of you have 
made up your minds that secret societies 
are not helpful, that they may be injuri- 
ous, that certainly you do not wish your- 
self to be connected with them. A very 
large number of persons here have come 
to that conclusion, and yet, brothers and 
sisters, as pastors and members of 
churches, as Christian workers in vari- 
ous parts of the vineyard of Christ, our 
Master and Lord, I am satisfied that we 
pray less and that we give less toward 
this agitation, this enlightenment of the 
people, than the importance of the sub- 
ject requires. The chairman has already 
mentioned that our headquarters is 221 
West Madison street. I think that with 
150 ministers of the gospel in this city 
opposed to secret societies, with scores 
of churches believing that they are in- 
jurious, it seems to me that there ought 
to be a stream of men and women and a 
stream of money pouring into the head- 
quarters which would make it far more 
effective to perform the work than it 
heretofore has been, and I fully expect 
that the result of this meeting will be 
that many who have been in their hearts 
opposed to secret societies, but have not 
been disposed to take hazards and risks 
I believe the Lord will stir us up to do 
better than we have done. I hope this 
will be the case with myself and each one 
who lifted the hand. 

The second thing which I trust will re- 
sult from this meeting is this : I have no 
doubt that there are numbers of persons 
who are connected with secret societies, 
or who, if they are not connected with 
them, have been favorably disposed to- 
ward them, here in this presence to-night, 
I should not be surprised if I were speak- 
ing to at least one hundred members of 

secret societies. Will you who arc mem- 
bers of secret orders raise your hands, if 
you do not mind? Thank you. I sup- 
posed I was speaking to a good many — 
there are not one hundred. Now while 
there are different opinions here, while 
some persons disapprove of secret so- 
cieties, while there are different opinions 
there is only one truth. While some per- 
sons think secret societies good and other 
persons think them evil, secret societies 
are not good and evil, but they are good 
or they are evil, and while we now have 
differing opinions, by and by we shall 
have but one opinion ; by and by the fire 
is to try every man's work of what sort it 
is, and if our work is wood and hay and 
stubble that fact will appear and if the 
work is gold and precious stones that 
will also appear. There are some things 
about which differing opinions do not 
make any difference. There are others' 
that make all the difference in the world. 
If one of you wants to wear a brown and 
another a light hat that will not make any 
difference, but if one of you believes that 
the secret system of association is good 
and another believes that it is evil, it 
makes a vast difference, so far as your 
life is concerned, which one of these in- 
fluences you wield. If secret societies are 
evil and you think them good, you are 
laboring under a mistake which may- 
wreck your life. If secret societies are 
good when some of us think them evil, 
and fail to unite ourselves with them, we 
shall be neglecting one of the forces 
which might lift us upward to God. I 
am sure that none of you who have lifted 
the hand here to-night desire to believe 
a lie. I am sure that none of you want 
to favor an association which is at war 
with the interest of the Christian reli- 
gion ; those of you who are opposed ta 
secret societies, are in favor of the truth ; 
those of you who lifted the hands show- 
ing that you are members of secret so- 
cieties, are, I trust, in favor of the truth ; 
then, surely, it may .be helpful for us to- 
come together and inquire what is true ; 
and I expect as a result of this meeting 
some of these friends who have lifted the 
hand here indicating that they are mem- 
bers of secret societies will come out. 
will get their letters of dismissal from 
the lodges, to come back to the prayer 



June, 1902. 

meeting which they have neglected, and 
to the church they have been neglecting, 
to put their time, prayers and their work 
into the salvation of the precious souls 
for which Jesus died. 

The last time we held a meeting in this 
church there came in a man who was ex- 
ceedingly angry at the discussion. He 
was a member of several secret associa- 
tions. He was a nominal member of the 
church. He was dissatisfied with his 
Christian experience. He wished to rise 
and make reply, and but for the friend 
who was with him he would have done 
so, and when he went out the Holy Spirit 
said, You know that is true. You have 
been trying to get the friendship of the 
lodge and the world and keep the friend- 
ship of. Jesus at the same time, and it 
has been a failure. He went to his home 
on 'Fullerton avenue, severed his connec- 
tion with the lodges with which he was 
connected, and is at the present time su- 
perintendent of a large Sunday school in 
that portion of the city, as happy as a lit- 
tle child, and traces the blessing to the 
meeting here which he was led to go to, 
and to the fact that he was enabled to 
throw off the yoke of the lodge. 

I expect such results from this meet- 
ing. One gentleman came to me last 
night and, taking off his secret society 
badge, the badge for which he had paid 
$15 of God's money, he said, "I never 
understood this matter as I do to-night. 
I shall never put this badge on again. " 
Thank God for him and thank God for 
others who are going with him, and are 
marching out from the secret empire, 
into valiant service as soldiers in the 
army of Jesus Christ. 

And now let me, before I shall begin 
the discussion of the evening, say again, 
I believe by the blessing of God that we 
who are the opposers of secret socie- 
ties, that we may be stirred to more 
valiant exertions in regard to the truth, 
and that those who are at the present 
time in favor of secret societies should 
come into the same light that we have 
concerning them, and be our partners in 
the great work of bringing men out from 
the secret societies and bringing them 
into the glorious liberty of the children 
of God, and that this may be the result 
let every Christian pray now and as the 

moments shall pass, for Paul may plant 
and Apollos water, but God giveth the 


(Editor's Note: President Blanchard's ad- 
dress, "The Worship of Secret Societies Of- 
fered to Satan," will appear in the July 




From Grace to Glory. 

James S. Hitchcock, whose portrait 
looks out upon us from this sketch, was 
given to the world from Rensselaer Coun- 
ty, New York, Feb- 
ruary 12th, 1825, 
and was peacefully 
taken to his eternal 
reward from Mon- 
roe County, Michi- 
gan, April 1 2th, 
1902. Statistics give 
a very inadequate 
idea of the quiet, un- 
obtrusive record of 
the seventy - eight 
years of his pilgrim- 

The decedent was 
an own brother of 
John M. Hitchcock, 
of the Board of Directors of the National 
Christian Association, and was one of 
thirteen children, ten boys and three girls. 
He was born and nurtured in a Chris- 
tian home, where, inspired and instructed 
by the example and teachings of a heroic 
and devout mother, he early learned re- 
spectful obedience to parental authority, 
and the prior claims of the Law of the 
Lord which is perfect converting the 
soul." Faithfulness on the part of paren- 
tal admonition and training was reward- 
ed by the exemplary life of each mem- 
ber of this family, who honored their 
father and mother and blessed the com- 
munities in which they lived and elevated 
every soul with whom they came in con- 

The father, Elisha B. Hitchcock, Sr., 
was a pioneer of Monroe County, Mich., 
having settled on a farm near Temper- 

June, 1902. 



ance in the spring of 1834. Since early 
boyhood, or more than sixty-five years, 
James had lived in this one community, 
and had won the confidence and esteem 
of the citizens of his county. , 

By correct deportment, sterling busi- 
ness-integrity and the studious improve- 
ment of the limited opportunities supplied 
in that sparsely populated region, he laid 
the foundation of those sterling qualities 
of head and heart which brought to him 
many tokens of the high esteem in which 
he was held, as a civil official, and leader 
in the Church of Christ. For thirty-six 
consecutive years he held the office of 
Justice of the Peace, and so won the con- 
fidence of the community that his wise 
and conservative counsel was often 
sought and accepted rather than an ap- 
peal to judicial proceedings, in adjusting 
perplexing questions among his neigh- 

The parents of this patriarchal family 
were living in New York State at the 
time of the Morgan tragedy, and were fa- 
miliar with the facts as shown during 
that trial. No doubt the father had, by 
personal conversation, transmitted to his 
sons his aversion to a system including so 
many species of iniquity, not excepting 
murder, while the daughters nursed from 
their mother's breast a spirit hostile to se- 
crecy. The deceased was a man of pro- 
nounced convictions and always prepared 
to give a well-matured, intelligent reason 
for the hope within him. He had for 
many years been a faithful reader of the 
Cynosure and kept abreast of current 

In the death of this man his country 
loses a most worthy citizen, his township 
a valuable official, his community a gen- 
ial neighbor, his family an affectionate 
and devoted husband and father, and the 
National Christian Association an ardent 

My personal acquaintance was that of 
an occasional meeting, but his was one 
of those open, manly natures which takes 
you at once into the sanctuary of the soul, 
and commands that recognition and love 
always felt in the companionship of 
"God's noblest work, an honest man." 
The father I never met, and know his 
record from others only, but I account it 
among the good providences of my life 

to have known and enjoyed the benign 
fellowship of the mother of this group of 
stalwart children of the covenant, whose 
monument is builded not in "storied urn 
or animated bust," but in the immortal 
deeds which, in her own and the lives of 
her posterity, whether living or dead, she 
has bequeathed to the world and to the 
Church of the living God. 

Would to God that there were more 
mothers who would emulate the example 
of this humble but devoted guardian and 
instructor of her own household, and 
more young men in this degenerate age 
who, like James S. Hitchcock, dare to 
"trust in God," face every foe however 
formidable, and win the blessedness in 
this and in that "more abundant life" to 
come, promised to those who are reviled 
and persecuted for righteousness' sake. 

James P. Stoddard. 

Boston, Mass., May 21, 1902. 

iew0 of §nt Pori 


Opening: Session of Conference. 

Conference opened at 8 o'clock Mon- 
day eve, April 28th, in the midst of a 
driving rain. There were twenty-six 
men and two ladies present. The address 
of the evening was given by Secretary 
W. B. Stoddard. In this address he set 
forth the anti-Christian character of 
Freemasonry in particular and secret so~ 
cieties in general. A committee on reso- 
lutions was appointed to report Tuesdav 
afternoon. Elder A. B. Lipp, B. A. 
Prichard and Rev. M. C. Paul were ap- 

Morning session of April 29th opened 
at 10 o'clock with devotional exercises, 
led by Elder A. B. Lipp, who read from 
the prophecies of Ezekiel. Prayer by El- 
ders Lipp and Paul. B. A. Prichard 
was elected secretary, with Rev. W. B. 
Stoddard acting chairman. The age of 
secret societies was discussed by Chair- 
man and Bro. Lipp. Then followed a dis- 
cussion of numerous other questions con- 
cerning lodge relations. R. A. Cullor, 
Bro. W. R. Hull and E. Vestal were ap- 
pointed committee on State organization. 



June, 1902. 

There were forty present. All much in- 
terested in the Conference of the hour. 

Afternoon session, April 29th, opened 
with devotional exercises led by Bro. 
Stoddard. Letters were read from J. S. 
Hickman, of Patsy, Crawford County, 
Mo., and A. H. Chalmers, of St. Louis, 
Mo. It was ordered that a letter of sym- 
pathy and congratulation be sent to Bro. 
Chalmers, thanking him for his inter- 
esting letter and kind help. Committee 
on nomination of State officers recom- 
mended A. B. Lipp, of Sidney, Mo., 
President ; Rev. M. C. Paul, of Pollock, 
Sullivan County, Mo., Vice President ; 
B. A. Prichard, of Coffeyburg, Mo., Sec- 
retary ; R. A. Cullor, of Unionville, Mo., 
Treasurer. Report of the committee was 
adopted and the above named were sev- 
erally elected as advised. Report of com- 
mittee on resolutions was adopted after 
discussion of each item. Collection was 
taken. Adjourned with doxology and 

The concluding session was on Tues- 
day evening. The audience was much 
larger than at any-previous session. The 
attendance and the interest increased at 
each session. President A. B. Lipp pre- 
sided. Scripture was read by the .Sec- 
retary. Prayer was offered by Bro. Ves- 
tal. The address of the evening was 
given by the Eastern Secretary, W. B. 
Stoddard. Pie had the undivided atten- 
tion of his audience. 

B. A. Prichard, Secretary. 


Whereas, We are living in a time of 
spiritual apathy when many professing 
Christianity seem to have little idea of 
what constitutes a true Christian ; and, 

Whereas, We find in considering this 
lack that there are many lodge members 
claiming to be Christians, and that vital 
piety wanes as this number increases ; 

Resolved, 1st. We believe there must 
be a separation of Christians in close fel- 
lowship with the ungodly in all unhal- 
lowed organizations. 

Resolved, 2d. We believe the lodges 
which have grown up without . divine 
sanction are in a large degree responsi- 
ble for the civil and religious difficulties 
that confront us. Their manner of ope- 
ration, together with their character, 

make them the natural home for the ene- 
mies of Christ and good government. 

Resolved, 3d. The religious rites in- 
stituted by lodges are not only annoying 
to the Gospel minister, but antagonistic 
to the church and those rites given by the 
Great Head of the church. 

Resolved, 4th. Men and women are 
untrue to marriage vows, and to the fam- 
ily as God instituted it when swearing to 
conceal from each other. 

Resolved, 5th. In their natural use 
lodges are frequently proven to be the 
headquarters of conspirators and the pro- 
moters of injustice. 

Resolved, 6th. We look upon lodge ti- 
tles, regalia and ceremonies generally as 
unbecoming the dignity of manhood, and 
especially attractive to the light-minded. 

Resolved, /th. As the cheese attracts 
the rat until the trap holds him, so the 
so-called good things used merely as 
wrappers in the lodges, often take the at- 
tention until the individual is ensnared 
in the evil. 

Resolved, 8th. We believe that there 
should be a distinction where there is a 
difference, but that the entire lodge sys- 
tem should be opposed by every lover of 

Resolved, 9th. We rejoice in learning 
of many who are leaving lodges and in 
all the evidences that the anti -secrecy 
cause is gaining ground. 

Resolved, 10th. We recommend the 
National Christian Association, its organ, 
the Christian Cynosure, its books and 
tracts, as calculated to do great good in 
disseminating the truth. 



"The tender mercies of the wicked are 

A little girl who had recently come into 
the possession of a stepmother was asked 
if she loved her new mamma. "Why," 
she exclaimed, "I have to love her." This 
is evidently not true of the lodge mem- 
bers. We are constantly coming across 
cases where there is not only a lack of 
affection among them, but also a lack of 
common honesty. A case in point has 
just come to my notice in Unionville, 

June, 1902. 



While holding the Anti-Secrecy Con- 
ference in this city we stopped at a board- 
ing house kept by a widow whose hus- 
band was an officeholder and prominent 
among the Masons and Oddfellows of 
this county seat city. This lady on learn- 
ing our mission relates her experience 
with the Independent Order of Oddfel- 

Her husband, she said, united with that 
order on reaching his 18th year and re- 
mained with them until he died at the 
age of 41. He was no ordinary mem- 
ber, but a very zealous advocate of the 
lodge. He was a Past Noble Grand when 
he died. Through his efforts the lodge 
had been kept alive at times when weak 
and funds low\ He had contributed lib- 
erally to keep the Grand Lodge dues 
paid, even using money in this that was 
needed at home, but he died as all Odd- 
fellows do. His wife had been assured 
when he paid his money into the lodge 
that she and the children w r ere thus pro- 
vided for in the event of his death. He 
had told her that the children would re- 
ceive a certain amount from time to time 
until 14 years of age. That this wai the 
requirement of the lodge. The widow 
very naturally looked for this after the 
big funeral show was over, but alas, as 
many others, she was destined to disap- 
pointment. She was told that money was 
short now, but the children would get it 
next December. Next December came, 
and the report was that the money was 
still short, the children would get it later. 
One of the children is now over 14 years 
of age and yet not a penny does this so- 
called benevolent society give either the 
mother or children. When pressed they 
returned the last payment of dues made 
by the sick man in his desperate effort 
to provide in this way for his loved ones, 
with the statement that they were not 
able to pay more. Shame on a thing 
that will turn off a man that has served it 
faithfully twenty-three of the best years 
of his life, and trusted it to care for 
his loved ones, in a manner like this ! 

I am informed there are business men 
in Unioriville who are worth their thous- 
ands who belong to this thing. If you 
have little money, gentlemen, if the most 
has been given for pleasure, and Grand 
Lodge dues, give what little remains to 

this widow who is struggling to make an 
honest living for herself and the children, 
shut up your shop, and write over the 
door of your hall : Died, while trying to 
pay our honest debts. If you thus turn 
off those whom you owe, what evidence 
have you that the next lot will not turn 
off your loved ones when you are no 
longer able to continue the dues ? 

If the facts in this case are as given to 
me (and I have no reason to doubt) this 
concern ought to be sued and closed out 
by the Sheriff. Perhaps the skeleton 
would bring something as a relic. 

W. B. Stoddard. 

Patsy, Mo., April 26, 1902. 

"Anti-lodge work is needed in Craw- 
ford. Indeed, it is only a few days ago 
that a preacher with two handles to his 
name, one fore and the other aft — was 
advertised in the local papers as '"Rev. 

, D. D." — was here attending a 

lodge instruction school and to advertise 
the lodge he preached and the church 
was filled to the doors." * * * 

I took the first number of the Cyno- 
sure and so far as I know, not a single 
number has missed me from the first. 
Let us work to get it back to a weekly. 
We want it full of illustrations and keep 
the lodge monkeys from going to sleep. 

"My former town, Hoopeston, 111., is a 
lodge-cursed town. At the recent M. E. 
General Conference held in Chicago, a 
lodge Rev. and D. D. came to Hoopeston 
to get a lodge M. E. preacher to go to 
the General Conference to 'leg' for him, 
in order to get him elected as Bishop in 
said church. He was elected. I may be 
mistaken about some of this, but I think 
not. The M. E. Church, North and 
South, is largely run by the lodge. I 
left the M. E. folks up North on account 
of the lodge, and let me say to the people 
in your convention that they should do 
likewise, get out of all 'cut-throat' 
churches like rats leaving a sinking 
ship." — J. S. Hickman. 


Coffeyburg, Mo., April 27, 1902. 
Tt is a big job to build up the altars 
of the One and True God when the false 
gods have so many and varied places of 
devotion." — B. A. Prichard. 



June, 1902. 

Virginia, Mo., April 28, 1902. 
"I am now nearing my 66th year. I 
was in the Civil War of '6o and through 
the Southern States I saw enough of Ma- 
sonry then." — G. W. Park. 

St. Louis, April 25, 1902. 

Dear Sir — I am in receipt of your es- 
teemed favor of the 22d inst., also dodger 
announcing the Conference of Christians 
to discuss Secret Societies. I should like 
very much indeed to meet with the breth- 
ren who are interested in this cause that 
lies so near my heart, but I hardly think 
I can go away from business. If it is 
possible, I will do so. 

Ever since I left the Oddfellows 40 
years ago I am fully convinced that the 
greatest hindrance of the church to-day 
is Secret Societies, especially the father 
of them, the Masonic Order. I really 
sympathize with Christians who are 
members of secret orders. Satan seems 
to blind their eyes, and cause them to be 
satisfied with doing good through these 
orders. During my official capacity of 30 
years in the Methodist Church, I have 
always noted where members who 
thought that they were good Masons and 
Oddfellows were seldom found in the 
public congregation, and never attended 
prayer meeting. This, I am confident, 
accounts for the small attendance at pray- 
er meeting, especially in our city 
churches. The portion of men who at- 
tend prayer meeting will average only 
about 3 to 10 persons present. However, 
I am confident that the Secret Societies 
are on the wane. — W. H. Chambers. 



Holland, Mich., May 16, 1902. 

Dear Cynosure — -The past, like many 
other months, has passed all too quick- 
ly. We have sought to grasp the oppor- 
tunities and are permitted to again re- 
port progress. 

Our first stop on leaving Macon, Mo., 
was at the town of Pollock. There are 
three churches in this place — Christian, 
Mormon and one occupied by the M. E. 
and F. M. Brother Paull, pastor for the 
Free Methodists in that section, received 

us cordially. Both he and his excellent 
wife did what they could to help in meet- 
ings and further us on our journey. 
Three meetings were held, with the re- 
sult that many were stirred, and some 
were led to seek the Lord for the pardon 
of their lodge and other sins. 

At Unionville, Mo., we met our good 
friend, R. A. Cullor, and family. They 
seemed as glad to meet us as we were 
to meet them. The horses and carriage 
were kept busy for several days as we 
arranged the State Conference, and 
sought to find the friends who would 
help in holding the same. Meetings 
were held and the announcements sent 
to those known to be friendly. As the 
Conference report has been sent you,, 
and will appear with this, we only wait 
to say that, all things considered, this 
gathering was all that could have been 
expected. Among the attendants were 
the Judge, the Prosecuting Attorney and 
many lawyers who were, or had been, 
members of the lodge. We felt that im- 
pressions were made for eternity. 

Running on to Iowa, we found many 
open doors. Meetings were held at Bur- 
lington in the Free Methodist Church, 
near Linton in the old Sharon Cove- 
nanter Church, and in Morning Sun in 
the United and Reformed Presbyterian 
Churches. The largest attendance and 
the largest collection was at Sharon. 
We can always count on Bro. Robb and 
his congregation when it comes to re- 
forms. Six Burlington pastors take The 
Cynosure and advocate its principles. 
The meeting there was helpful, though 
not largely attended. 

Washington, Iowa, is just the city for 
a State Convention. With proper pre- 
liminary work a convention could be 
held there that would be felt through- 
out the state. Shall we not seek to have 
such a convention this fall? Who will 
help in the preparation? During our 
visit to this city we met many of the "old 
guard" who are not weary in well doing,, 
and some younger who said, Hold the 
meeting, and we will help. Iowa is a 
grand reform state. Thousands await 
but the bugle call to unite for victory. 

At Rock Island, 111., we attended the 
Augustana College. We found there a 
splendidly situated college and seminary, 

June, 1902. 



with an attendance of six hundred stu- 
dents, all supposed to be unfavorable to 
the lodges. President Andreen was cor- 
dial and invited your Secretary to ad- 
dress the students at such time as there 
can be a hearing arranged. Our litera- 
ture was* thankfully received. 

We should not fail to mention our 
visit to the ministers' meeting held at 
Sperry, Iowa, in the M. E. Church. It 
was a gathering of many of the leading 
pastors of that section. A feature was 
the reading and discussion of papers on 
themes of interest. Through the cour- 
tesy of those present we were voted thirty 
minutes to read a paper which naturally 
led to a stirring discussion. A majority 
were found to be opposed to the lodges. 
One man talked as he probably would 
not had he thought longer, and his zeal 
for the Masonic Lodge been less. He 
sadly needed the information supplied by 
the N. C. A. 

How shall we write of our visit to the 
town where we were born, and where so 
many happy days were spent! We 
preached from the pulpit, we stood again 
on the ground made sacred by a thou- 
sand blessed memories. Changes, yes, 
so it is with all of earth, the children's 
children now throng the enlarged school 
building, but the same old church bell 
calls to worship, and the same 'blessed 
gospel message is heard. We draw the 
curtain, we dare not attempt to convey 
our thoughts. 

We have been cheered by the splendid 
Chicago meeting, and start with renewed 
zeal to the work that always brings vic- 
tory. W. B. Stoddard. 


Oberlin, Ohio, May 16, 1902. 
Dear Cynosure — The coming of Rev. 
Jas. P. Stoddard was quite a marked 
event in Oberlin life. The large majority 
of the older Christians believe secret so- 
cieties to be evil, but that conviction has 
been largely obscured by the pressure 
of other questions and interests. The 
young people, including nearly all the 
students, have been and are very ignor- 
ant of the whole matter. I had no diffi- 
culty in securing the chapel in Council 

Hall, and a good congregation, includ- 
ing the Theologues, listened for nearly 
an hour to an able and eloquent presen- 
tation of the lodge system, and I am 
sure that a decided impression was made. 
Professor Currier, the oldest of the theo- 
logical professors; in introducing the 
speaker, said that Oberlin has the repu- 
tation of opposing secret societies, and 
that we could all afford to give the sub- 
ject a hearing. 

This is the first anti-secrecy lecture we 
have had in a number of years, but I 
hope it will not be the last. Yours, 

H. H. Hinman. 


A conference which was called by the 
National Christian Association, with 
headquarters at Chicago, was held yes- 
terday at the First Christian Reformed 
Church, Terrace street. Among the cler- 
gymen who were in attendance were the 
following: Rev. W. B. Stoddard, Wash- 
ington, D. C, Eastern Secretary of N. 
C. A. ; Rev. Lauritz B. Paulson, pastor of 
the Bethesda Norwegian Danish Evan- 
gelical Lutheran Free Church, Pullman, 
Chicago, 111. ; Rev. E. D. Root, pastor of 
the United Brethren Church, Perrinton, 
Mich. ; Rev. Paul J. Gramness, Racine, 
Wis. ; Rev. Ole Thompson, pastor of the 
Norwegian Evangelical Free Church; 
Rev. C. A. Carlsted, pastor of the Swe- 
dish Lutheran Church; Rev. J. I. Fles, 
pastor of the First Christian Reformed 
church, city. 

The morning session was held at 10 
o'clock and was presided over by Rever- 
end Stoddard, who also led the devotional 
exercises. The preliminaries to organi- 
zation were taken up and Rev. E. D. 
Root was elected secretary for the confer- 
ence. Following organization there was 
a question box relating to the secret lodge 
system, after which a general discussion 
ensued, the clergymen present taking 

Rev. W. B. Stoddard, Eastern Secre- 
tary of the N. C. A., read a paper on 
"Wherein lies the power of the secret 
lodge and how may it be overcome?'' 

An address on "The Influence of the 
Lodge Upon the Home" was delivered bv 



June, 1902. 

Rev. Samuel Swartz, who proved to be 
a very forcible and entertaining speaker. 
We are obliged to omit until July the 
Secretary's report and resolutions. 


"A social, military, charitable, and pa- 
triotic secret organization. The Knights 
of the Globe was organized in Chicago in 
1889 by Freemasons prominent in the 
Scottish Rite, by Oddfellows of the high- 
est rank, and by members of the Ancient 
Order of United Workmen, Royal Arca- 
num, American Legion of Honor, Wood- 
men of the World, the Grand Army of 
the Republic, and other secret societies. 
The influence of the Workmen is seen 
in the uniform assessment rate, that of 
the Freemasons and Oddfellows in the 
degree work and emblems, and the 
Grand Army in its obligation that "no 
other flag than the glorious Stars an^j 
Stripes shall ever float over our country." 
Four degrees or ranks are conferred, that 
of Volunteer, Militant, Knight, and Va- 
liant Knight. Of the latter L. L. Munn, 
33d degree, of Freepbrt, 111., writes that 
while he is familiar with many orders 
and has witnessed ceremonies of the 
highest grade of excellence, the beauty, 
instruction, and impressiveness of the 
Valiant Knight's rank take a very high 
rank among them. One of the chief ob- 
jects of the Fraternity is to inculcate lofty 
ideas of American citizenship. While the 
order is well distributed throughout the 
West, it is strong in Illinois, where a 
large proportion of its 7,000 members re- 
side. Women may join the "Daughters 
of the Globe" and then become members, 
with the Knights of the Globe, of the 
"Globe Mutual Benefit Association." It 
issues death benefit certificates for ten 
different amounts, ranging from $500 to 
$5,000, to those between 18 and 56 years 

Of age who are otherwise eligible.' 
—Cyclopaedia of Fraternities, 1895. 

"Come out of her, my people, that ye 
be not partakers of her sins, and that 
ye receive not of her plagues." — Rev. 




There are in business three things nec- 
cessary : Knowledge, temper, and time. 

He was a preacher; had been D. D.'d 
and LL. D.'d, and was about forty years 
of age when we first saw him. He wore 
the regulation clergyman coat with its 
single row of buttons and long skirt, car- 
ried an ebony cane in his right hand or 
hooked with its curved handle to his arm, 
while the left hand, clothed with one 
glove, held its mate folded up nicely in 
its palm. 

Black-haired, black-eyed, with black 
Burnside whiskers, and fine erect figure, 
he was a man who impressed men by his 
very presence. When in addition we 
mention that he had a very superior in- 
tellect, and whatever he said on platform 
or in pulpit, was thoughtful and well 
worth remembering, it can easily be seen 
how r and why he took a prominent posi- 
tion very speedily in the assemblies and 
conventions of his church. The chair- 
manship of committees seemed to be giv- 
en to him as a matter of course, and when 
he arose to speak in the annual gather- 
ing of the preachers to attend to church: 

June, 1902. 



business, it was noticed that not only the 
delegates listened but the president or 
chairman of the entire body always fixed 
his eyes upon the speaker and heard him 
silently and thoughtfully to the last word. 

^C 9|C 5|C 

As we are writing of a very strange 
case, one of life's mysteries in fact, it is 
well for the reader to note carefully each 
expression we use. 

As a preacher he was always edifying ; 
as a pastor his congregation as a rule 
were devoted to him. We came near say- 
ing worshipped him. His leading mem- 
'bers were simply wrapped up in him. He 
baptized all their babies and married all 
their sons and daughters. He was con- 
tinually "dined" by his friends, graced all 
their state occasions, and never seemed 
blander and more delightful than at such 
times. * * * 

He was repeatedly seen in attendance 
upon the county and State fairs. He 
seemed deeply interested in the products 
of the farm and factory, and all the works 
of human ingenuity and invention. Once 
he was seen watching a horse race near 
the grand stand. 

He Had the Mark. Rev. 13: 16. 

Doctor Broad was a great lodge or fra- 
ternity man. He had gone as far in Ma- 
sonry as possible and stood very high in 
the estimation of that body of men. He 
seemed to take a genuine pleasure in 
these associations and when he was in his 
regalia, and figured prominently in one 
of the uniformed and brass-banded pro- 
cessions, while he always conducted him- 
self with great dignity, yet it was evident 
that he was delighted with the whole 
thing. He seemed to be in his element. 
The portrait of himself which he most 
prized, and which was hung up over the 
mantel in the parlor of the parsonage, 
represented him all covered and glitter- 
ing with the showy regalia of some high 
office in the Masonic fraternity. 

Not Deeply Spiritual. 

He never opposed any of the fairs and 
festivals which his leading lady members 
saw fit to have in his church. He at- 
tended them all, and beamed pleasantly 
and graciously on everybody present. 

It was commented on freely that Doc- 
tor Broad never had what is called a real 
revival in his different charges ; and yet 

he always brought up every collection in 
full, and had such additions each year 
that the church kept up its financial and 
numerical strength. Moreover, the lead- 
ing society people of the town always 
came to hear him, while prominent pro- 
fessional men, lawyers and doctors, and 
the gifted and brainy tribe of the com- 
munity thickly sprinkled his congrega- 
tion. For another preacher to arise in 
Doctor Broad's place on some Sabbaths 
was the signal for a number in the audi- 
ence to withdraw. 

And so the Doctor went on his way 
until he was a gray-haired man of sixty. 
The Burnsides were white, but the ex- 
pressive black eyes glowed the same and 
the fiery end of the cigar continued to 
gleam from the mouth. 

If possible, Doctor Broad was blander 
than ever, more popular with the people, 
and had greater influence in the Bishop's 
Cabinet, and on the floor of the Confer- 

He was received without a question by 
his different flocks as a whole, who were 
always glad to have him returned ; but he 
was also a puzzle and a problem to cer- 
tain individuals, and did not take with the 
deeply spiritual of the membership. 

This last fact never seemed to affect 
him, however, and never caused him to 
cut them or be unkind in any way. In- 
deed, he was peculiarly courteous and 
gracious to these non-admirers. * * * 

His Dyinar Bed. 

A few months after this the Doctor 
was stretched upon his dying bed. Al- 
ways kind and courteous in life, he was 
considerate and thoughtful of others in 
the sick room. He said nothing about 
his spiritual condition, but said "Amen" 
very heartily to the prayers offered at his 
bedside by different ministers for his re- 
covery, and for the blessing of God upon 
him and his family. 

On the twentieth day of his sickness he 
died. He had full possession of his fac- 
ulties to the last, and spoke quietly and 
cheerfully to those sitting or standing 
near him up to a few minutes before he 
passed away, when suddenly something 
like a shock seemed to take place, and his 
great black eyes became fixed on some- 
thing before and somewhat above him, as 
though in wonder, and even horror. 



June, 1902. 

Mixed with the astonishment and fear 
was an expression seen upon faces when 
an unexpected turn of events, or an un- 
dreamed of catastrophe had broken upon 
them. No one versed in spiritual things 
could look upon the convulsive face and 
startled, dilated eyes of Doctor Broad 
without seeing that a strange new light 
had broken upon the man ; that discover- 
ies were taking place or disclosures be- 
ing made; that in a word he was going 
through some tremendous and fearful ex- 
perience, and yet had passed the line 
where the tongue is allowed to declare 
the mysteries of the other world. And 
so, without another word, but with that 
amazed, shocked look in his eyes, to 
which the dropping chin added in startled 
appearance, the soul of Doctor Broad left 
his body and went, as shall be the case 
with us all, to the place prepared by the 
life and character. 

The Funeral. 

The church had very little to do with 
the funeral of the Doctor ; for the various 
fraternities to which he belonged pushed 
in and took entire charge of the final 
melancholy arrangements. There were 
two brass bands in the long procession, 
while white aprons, flashing regalias, be- 
ribboned wands, and waving banners 
abounded. Fulsome speeches and ad- 
dresses were made over the flower-cov- 
ered coffin in the large city hall ; the 
bands wailed their dirges along the 
streets; and after considerable cere- 
mony at the grave, the earth was thrown 
in, the head-board set up, the floral 
wreaths and crosses laid on the mound, 
and the great crowd dispersed and left 
Doctor Broad six feet under the sod to 
await the sound of the trumpet ushering 
in the morning of the Resurrection and 
the Great Day of the Final Judgment. 

Comments of Five Neighbors. 

A group of five men lingered a few 
moments at the gate of the cemetery be- 
fore taking their departure for home, of- 
fice, store and farm. 

One said, "If they know in the other 
world what is going on in this, then Dr. 
Broad is a happy man ; for if he knows 
that his funeral procession was a half 
mile long, had two brass bands, and four 
fraternities in line, then he is glad, I 
don't care where he is." 

The second man said : "I never heard 
Dr. Broad say an unkind thing about 
anybody in all the many years I have 
known him." 

The third individual added: "While 
Dr. Broad smoked cigars and drank an 
occasional glass of wine, I would far 
rather have his kind spirit and risk . his 
chance in the other world, than to be like 
some people who criticized and abused 
him all his life. I think it is less harm to 
smoke a cigar up than to burn up the 
reputation and usefulness and happiness 
of a man or woman by a caustic, bitter 
tongue, which is itself set on fire of 

The fourth person remarked solemnly : 
"I believe that in the moment of death 
Dr. Broad saw he had made a horrible 
and irreparable mistake ; that he had 
missed the real Christ life ; in a word, 
that he had lost his soul." 

The fifth man said: "If the false 
prophets and shepherds whom the Bible 
speaks of are lost, then Dr. Broad is lost. 
If the people who cry for mercy at the 
Judgment Day, saying, 'Lord, Lord, did 
we not preach in thy name in the streets, 
and in thy name do many wonderful 
works,' and yet will hear Christ declaring, 
T know you not,' and shall straightway 
fall into an endless Perdition ; even so I 
believe that Dr. Broad on that day will 
stagger backward from the face and 
words of the Son of God and fall head- 
long into a bottomless hell." 

The men parted ; the gate was closed ; 
the sound of the last wheel died away in 
the distance; and the cemetery with its 
fragrant breath of Cape jessamine and 
magnolia blossoms, with its sighing wil- 
lows and vacant seats and walks, was left 
silent and solitary once more, with the 
latest addition to its white-faced sleepers 

in the pulseless, rigid form of Dr. Broad. 
—The Christian Witness. 

"Thou blind Pharisee, cleanse first 
that which is within the cup and platter, 
that the outside of them may be clean 
also." — Matt. 23 '.26. 

One eye on the death arid one full fixed 

on heaven 
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DISCONTINUANCES. - We find that a large number 
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i nit 

Address all letters pertaining to the 
Christian Cynosure, or to the interests of 
the National Christian Association, to 
the general secretary and treasurer, 
Wm. I. Phillips, 221 West Madison 
Street, Chicago, III. 

A « 

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S.i w I I 

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blood became very poor and at 
and hng< would be 


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how bad 1 

I needed. 


"Jesus answered him, — I spake openly to the world; aud in secret have I said nothing." John 18:20. 




The Christian Cynosure. 

Official Organ of the National 
Christian Association. 


221 West Madison St., Chicago. 

Entered at the Postofflce, Chicago, III., as second 
class matter. 


The Fourth of July is near and will be 
a good day to remember that — 

Samuel Adams said: "I am decidedly 
opposed to all secret societies whatever." 

John Hancock said : "I am opposed 
to all secret associations." And that 

John Adams. chose not to join the Ma- 
sonic order. 

Grace and glory differ as the bud and 
blossom. What is grace but glory be- 
gun? And what is glory but grace per- 
fected? — John Mason. 


Nathaniel Colver, pastor Tremont Temple, 
wrote to a brother Mason: 

"I am free to say that it is my deliberate 
opinion that .the vicious character of Ma- 
sonry and its guilt-concealing and barbarous 
oaths is such as not only to release all from 
their bonds, but also to lay upon them the 
solemn obligation to tear off its covering 
and expose its enormity. I regard it as Sa- 
tan's masterpiece — a terrible snare to men. 
It sits at this moment as a nightmare on all 
the moral energies of our government, and 
utterly paralyzes the arm of justice." 

Dr. Colver showed the courage of his 
convictions by ceasing to affiliate. For a 
long time he was in distress, believing 

himself bound by his oath to share the 
false Masonic position about the time of 
the Morgan iniquity. It was at family 
devotions that he found freedom. Read- 
ing of the Jews that bound themselves 
with an oath that they would not eat un- 
til, they had killed Paul he saw it their 
duty to repent instead of keep the oath. 
The joy of deliverance was great when he 
felt himself free from Masonic bondage. 
It is a grave question whether an oath to 
defy the law of the Lord can be kept 
unto the Lord. 


Some one has written that it isn't the first 
end that counts. It's the last end. The 
start is nothing. Every contestant starts in 
a race, but how many finish? Almost any 
horse can begin in a race. With a few 
trials, even an old plug may get away from 
the wire all right, but it's the coming under 
the wire for the last time that counts; it's 
being in the race to the finish that is alone 
valuable. A great many things in this 
world are made to begin well enough, but 
they fall short. It is true, also, of those 
who enter a lodge of some secret order of 
their choice. They enter the "contest" all 
right, start off with some enthusiasm, run 
well for a season, then drop gradually be-' 
hind until they are "ruled out"— for n. p. d. 
It is those who continue actively in the race 
that count— those who have "staying quali- 
ties." Many of those who drop out on the 
course do not do so on account of lack of 
energy alone, but from lack of interest 
There is no jockeying in it, as in many races, 
but that "tired feeling" which comes as the 
result of lack of interest. Should the inter- 
est be kept up there will be no lagging. But 
how can this be done? There are many 
ways which will present themselves to the 
thoughtful officer. Study this matter in its 
various phases, brother officer, and apply 
such remedies as suggest themselves, and if 
one fails try another until success is gained. 
—Odd Fellows' Companion. 

\Yhv not try more (lances? 



July, 1902. 


ln^ef>en^enee 4teII— .Philadelphia 

"V/e ^old fc^eye bpabtyj> to be yelf-eVidercb: 
(gj^ab all men ape epeabed e^ual; bf?ab t^ey ape ercdov/esl by b^eip 
CpeaboP v/ibf2 ceptaio aaaliercable pi^by; bfyab amorc^ bfyeye ape life, 
libepby aod b^e papyaib of ^appirae^." 

July, 1902. 




By President Charles A. Blanchard, D. D. 

(The following address was delivered by Presi- 
dent Blanchard before the Annual Convention of 
the National Christian Association, May 15, 1902, 
in the Chicago Avenue Church:) 

I wish to enter upon this discussion 
from this angle, this point, if you please. 
I am to discuss to-night before you secret 
societies, but I am to discuss the whole 
question of secret societies, under a spe- 
cific form, that is, I am to discuss secret 
societies from the side of Masonry. 

The Mother of Modern Secret Societies Not 
Jesuitism but Masonry. 

I shall not burden myself with any oth- 
er of the 299 secret organizations which 
are formed and operating in the United 
States. If you wish to know why I speak 
of Masonry rather than of a number of 
different lodges, I answer, in the first 
place, it is impossible to make a satis- 
factory examination of a large number 
of different organizations in a short 
period of time, and in the second place 
Free Masonry is the mother of and the 
model after which all modern secret so- 
cieties are formed, save and except the 
Jesuits alone. The society of Jesus was 
formed in 1540 by a cavalier of Spain, 
but these 299 secret societies are not 
modeled after Jesuitism, but after Mason- 
ry. Jesuitism professes a Christian foun- 
dation, it claims to be an army organized 
•for the extension of the Holy Church, 
and flies at masthead the banner of the 
Word of God. Without saying anything 
on the subject of Catholicism to-night, or 
the order of the Jesuits, I content myself 
with simply affirming that the secret so- 
ciety system of to-day is not modeled 
after, or copied from, the order of the 
Jesuits, but is copied from, modeled 
after, the order called Free Masonry ; so 
when we study Free Masonry, we in fact 
study the essentials of all secret societies 
of our day, except the one which I have 
named. ■ 

The Governing Force Is Masonry. 

There is one reason more which may 

be mentioned in passing. It is compara- 
tively unimportant, but I simply call 
your attention to it, and that is the fact 
that when you come to the secret lodge 
movement of our day, the Masonic order 
is really the clearing house or center in 
which all secret societies unite. I mean 
the Masons founded the Odd Fellows. 
The chief man in the thousand and one 
secret societies are the principal men in 
Masonry. The governing forces are Ma- 
sonic, so that from a number of points of 
view it becomes clear that when we know 
what Free Masonry is doing, we shall 
know what the secret society system of 
our day is about. 

How We May Learn. 

There are various ways of becoming 
acquainted with Free Masonry. The per- 
son who watches Masonic processions on 
the street knows something about it ; a 
person who attends Masonic funerals or 
the dedication of halls, or listens to ad- 
dresses made in the interest of the order 
learns more of it. I shall not occupy 
your time with testimony from these 
quarters. I do not ask whether you have 
attended public occasions of the' Masonic 
orders or not ; I do not ask whether you 
have read anything from anti-Masonic 
authors or not; the ritual, of course, is 
public to the world ; anyone who wishes 
can go to 221 West Madison street and 
secure the ritual if he has. fifty cents that 
he wants to give up for that purpose. I 
am not quoting to-night from any revela- 
tion of Free Masonry. I am not goino- 
to speak in detail of the initiatory ser- 
vice ; it is a very objectionable service to 
me, but I shall not speak of it at all. If 
you had time and I had time I could very 
easily tell you some reasons why I think 
the initiatory services are a disgrace 
which ought not to be named in an as- 
sembly of this nature. I shall not speak 
of the penalties of the oaths to-night. I 
shall not repeat any of them in your hear- 



July, 1902. 

ing. These obligations are, as it seems 
to me, at war with the family, the church 
and the state ; but Whether I am right or 
wrong in my judgment of these oaths I 
shall not repeat them in your hearing. 
The argument to-night has nothing 
Whatever to do with the ceremonies 
which are practiced or the oaths which 
are administered in the Masonic lodge. 

The Greatest Masons Are Our Teachers. 

I have here a number of books and 
they are all books written by Masons, 
published by Free Masons, and sold by 
Free Masons. 

This little book which I hold in my 
hand is entitled "Mackey's Manual of the 
Lodge, or Monitorial Instructions in the 
Degrees from Entered Apprentice to 
Master Mason," by A. G. Mackey, Past 
General High Priest of the General 
Grand Chapter of the United States. 

This book is called "A Digest of Ma- 
sonic Law," compiled and arranged by 
George W. Chase, editor of Masonic 
Journal, etc., published by Pollard & 

This book is entitled 'The Free Ma- 
son's Monitor, or Illustrations of Mason- 
ry," by Thos. Smith Webb, with a synop- 
sis of Masonic Law by Robt. Morris, 
Past Grand Master, etc., etc. 

This book is "The Ahiman Rezon," 
or "Free Mason's Guide," by Daniel 
Sickles, of the 33d degree, published by 
the New York Masonic Publishing Com- 
pany, 626 Broadway, New York. 

This book which I hold in my hand is 
written by the same author, who pub- 
lished the small book, and is called "A 
Lexicon of Free Masonry," by Albert G. 
Mackey, Past General High Priest, 
Knight of the Eagle and Pelican, Prince 
of Mercy, etc., etc. 

These books, as you observe, are all of 
them Masonic books. I might have 
brought along revelations of Masonry 
and discussed Masonry from the inside. 
I did not choose to do so, but occupy 
your attention with these books ; with a 
single exception. The only book, aside 
from these, from which I shall quote at 
all is the Word of God, which I hold in 
my hand. The Bible and these books, 
written and published by Free Masons, 
are the authorities to which I shall appeal 

I wish to raise with vou and to answer 

from these books three questions. In the 
first place, What is Masonry? Is it a 
religion, as some people affirm? 

In the second place, if it be a religion, 
what kind of a religion is it? Is it the 
Christian religion ? 

In the third place, if this system of Ma- 
sonry be a religion and be not the Chris- 
tian religion, what is it? 

What Is Masonry? 

Now in regard to this great question, 
whether or not Free Masonry is a relig- 
ion. I shall be compelled perhaps to be a 
little tiresome, but the only way to ascer- 
tain the facts is to appeal to the authori- 
ties. I meet gentlemen on the street con- 
nected with Masonry, and I say to them, 
Is Masonry a religion? One of them 
promptly answers, "Yes, it is plenty good 
enough for me. If I could live up to 
Masonry I have no fear but I should go 
to heaven when I die." Another man 
says : "No, it is not a religion at all. 
That man is mistaken. He does not 
know what it is. He says it is a relig- 
ion, but it is not a religion at all. It is 
an insurance company. It is intended 
to help a man to put a little money where 
he can find it if he wants it. It is not a 
religion any more than a spade is a 
threshing machine. This man means all 
right, but he doesn't know." Another 
man says : "Free Masonry is not a re- 
ligion, and it is not an insurance com- 
pany, because when a man joins the Ma- 
sons he is not promised any money at all. 
He swears to help all Master Masons 
who need help around the world, and 
they swear to help him, but they do not 
promise him money at all. Masonry is a 
social organization. It is a place where 
kindred spirits meet to have a good time, 
and the aid is an incident." 

You may speak to a dozen men and 
get a different shade of answer from each 
of the twelve. 

I appeal to these books, and I raise 
with you this question to-night : Is Free 
Masonry a religion, and we will let the 
decision of this question be by these 
books. We will stand or fall on that 
question with these Masonic writers. 

Now I am going to open Mackey's 
"Lexicon of Free Masonry" on the 402d 
page. I read to you under the title, "Re- 
ligion," and because this subject is very 
important, let me ask you each one to 

July, 1902. 



listen closely as I read, and I will seek 
to read plainly. 

"Free Masonry," says A. G. Mackey, "does 
not profess to interfere with the religious 
opinions of its members. It asks only for a 
declaration of that simple and universal faith 
in which men of all nations and all sects 
agree, — the belief in a Cod and in his super- 
intending providence. Beyond this, it does 
not venture, but leaves the minds of its dis- 
ciples, on other and sectarian points, perfect- 
ly untrammeled. This ds the only religious 
qualification required of a candidate, but 
this is most strictly demanded. The religion, 
then, of Masonry, is pure Theism, on which 
its different members engraft their own pe- 
culiar opinions, but they are not permitted to 
introduce them into the lodge, or to connect 
their truth or falsehood with the truth of 

Now this gentleman clearly says that 
the religion of Masonry is "pure theism." 
If that is true, then Masonry is a religion, 
or has" a religion, and this religion is pure 
theism ; that is the acknowledging of a 
personal God who has created and rules 
the universe, contains the religion of Ma- 
sonry. This shows clearly, if this gentle- 
man knew what he was talking about, 
that Free Masonry is a religious organi- 

Now I wish to read from this little 
book which I hold in my hand, "The Rit- 
ualist," by the same author. I will read 
from the 226. page, and the subject under 
which I read is "The Shock of En- 

"The lodge is, then, at the time of the re- 
ception of an Entered Apprentice, a symbol 
of the world, and the initiation is a type of 
the new life upon which the candidate is 
about to enter. There he stands" (the can- 
didate) "without our portals, on the threshold 
of this new Masonic life, in darkness, help- 
lessness and ignorance. Having been wan- 
dering amid the errors, and covered over 
with the pollutions of the outer and profane 
world, he comes inquiringly to our doors, 
seeking the new birth and asking a with- 
drawal of the veil which conceals Divine 
truth from his uninitiated sight." 

This is what the candidate is doing 
when he comes into the Masonic lodge 
for the first time. He is in "blindness, 
darkness, helplessness and ignorance, 
and is wandering among the errors, is 
covered with the pollutions of the outer 
world, seeking the new life and asking 
for the withdrawal of the veil which holds 
Divine Truth from his eyes." 

Now on the 38th page of this same lit- 
tle book we have some words respecting 

the initiation into the degree about 
which I have just been reading. I read 
about what the candidate was doing 
when he came up to the door for the first 
time ; let me now read to you some of 
the things that are said to him after he 
gets inside the lodge, and remember this 
is not secret work, this is open work, fur- 
nished by the authority of the lodge. 

The lodge says to this candidate in 
the entered apprentice degree this word : 

"The working tools of an Entered Appren- 
tice Mason are the Twenty-four-inch Gauge 
and the Common Gavel. The Twenty-four- 
inch Gauge is an instrument used by opera- 
tive Masons to measure and lay out their 
work; but we, as Free and Accepted Ma- 
sons, are taught to make use of it for ,ae 
more noble and glorious purpose of dividing 
our time. It being divided into twenty-four 
equal parts, is emblematical of the twenty- 
four hours of the day, which we are taught 
to divide into three equal parts; whereby are 
found eight hours for the service of God and 
a distressed worthy brother, eight for our 
usual vocations, and eight for refreshment 
and sleep. The Common Gavel is an instru- 
ment made use of by operative Masons to 
break off the corners of rough stones, the 
better to fit them for the builder's use; but 
we, as Free and Accepted Masons, are taught 
to make use of it for the more noble and glo- 
rious purpose of divesting our hearts and 
consciences of all the vices and superfluities 
of life; thereby fitting our minds as living 
stones, for that spiritual building, that house 
'not made with hands, eternal in the heav- 
ens.' " 

In a note explaining the latter he goes 
on and says : 


"The Speculative Mason is engaged in the 
construction of a spiritual temple in his 
heart, pure and spotless, fit for the dwelling- 
place of Him who is the author of purity; 
where God is to be worshiped in spirit and 
in truth, and whence every evil thought and 
unruly passion are to be banished, as the 
sinner and the gentile were excluded from 
the sanctuary of the Jewish Temple. In the 
symbolic language of Masonry, therefore, 
the twenty-four-inch gauge is a symbol of 
time well employed; the common gavel, of 
the purification of the heart." 

I wish to read again to you from the 

109th page. I am afraid this will be a 

little tiresome, but the only way to know 

what the authorities teach in regard to 

Free Masonry is to find out. There is no 

way of learning without taking time to 

ascertain, so, with your permission, I will 

read again a brief section of the 109th 

page of this same work : 

"It was the single object of all the ancient 
rites and mysteries practiced in the very 



July, 1902. 

bosom of pagan darkness, shining as a soli- 
tary beacon in all that surrounding gloom, 
and cheering the philosopher in his weary 
pilgrimage of life, to teach the immortality 
of the soul. This is still the great design of 
the third degree of Masonry. This is the 
scope and aim of its Ritual. The Master 
Mason represents man, when youth, man- 
hood, old age, and life itself have passed 
away as fleeting shadows, yet raised from 
the grave of iniquity, and quickened into an- 
other and a better existence. By its legend 
and all its ritual, it is implied that we have 
been redeemed from the death of sin and the 
sepulchre of pollution. The ceremonies and 
the lecture beautifully illustrate this all-en- 
grossing subject; and the conclusion we ar- 
rive at is that youth, properly directed, leads 
us to honorable and virtuous maturity, and 
that the life of man, regulated by morality, 
faith, and justice, will be rewarded at its 
closing hour by the prospect of eternal bliss." 

I think I will read one more brief ex- 
tract from page 238. It is from the burial 
service which is pronounced by the au- 
thorities of the 1 lodge over all members 
who die in good and regular standing in 
the order, having taken three degrees in 
Masonry. I read not the whole cere*- 
mony, but a single section : 

"Unto the grave," the Master says, "we 
have resigned the body of our deceased 
brother, there to remain until the general 
resurrection, in favorable expectation that 
his immortal soul may then partake of the 
joys which have been prepared for the right- 
eous from the beginning of the world. And 
may Almighty God, of His infinite goodness, 
at the grand tribunal of unbiased justice 
extend His mercy to him and all of us, and 
crown our hope with everlasting bliss in the 
•realms of a boundless eternity." 

In Sickles' "Ahiman Rezon" the ex- 
tracts selected have to do with prayer 
only. The books have many prayers in 
them. I do not know how many. I read 
65 at a single sitting, printed by mem- 
bers to use in the different Masonic 

Here we have a prayer to be used at 

opening : 

"Most holy and glorious Lord God, the 
great maker of the Universe, the giver of 
all good and graces, Thou hast promised 
that where two or three are gathered to- 
gether in Thy name, Thou will be in the 
midst and bless them. In Thy name we 
have assembled, and in Thy name we de- 
sire to proceed in all our doings. Grant that 
the sublime principles of Masonry may be 
substituted for discontent and passion, and 
that the lodge at this time may reflect the 
love and purity which are forever before Thy 

I will ask vou whether or not it is not 

perfectly fair and true for me to use these 
books representing Masonry, the mother 
and model of all secret societies, save ana 
except Jesuitism alone? They represent 
the candidate as coming to seek for a re- 
ligious change. He seeks the new birth, 
and asks the removal of the veil that 
withholds divine light from his eyes. 
These books teach that the man that 
comes into this organization and accepts 
its teaching will live a worthy life ; that 
he will purify his heart until it becomes a 
fit temple for the indwelling of the Holy 
Ghost, and when he has gotten through 
with this life and passes out from this 
world he passes into eternal bliss. Now 
is that not a fair statement ? 

If that is a fair statement, then we 
ought to have done with the idea that 
this secret society system, which counts 
its members by millions, which erects 
temples in every city like this, Which 
erects halls and lodges in every smaller 
city, which is soliciting the membership 
of every young man who is sound in 
body and has money enough to pay to 
get in and to pay his dues after he gets 
in is a trifling matter. It is a great relig- 
ious organization, and all the other or- 
ganizations which have sprung from it, 
and are modeled after it, so far as they 
are copied from this mother organiza- 
tion, are of the same sort, professing to 
give men the new birth, to teach men 
how to live, professing to teach men the 
way of life. These are the men that rule 
Masonry and they ought to know it if 
anyone does. 

Is the Masonic Religion Christian ? 

Is this religion which these books 
teacfi the Christian religion? Now you 
understand the difference between pagan 
religion and the Christian faith. 

Christianity is a system founded on the 
Word of God, making Jesus Christ the 
sole hope of a sinful and lost race. No 
remission without the shedding of blood, 
and no blood that can really save except 
the blood of Jesus Christ. That is Chris- 
tianity ; but the religion of the world (the 
world is full of religions, China is full of 
religions, Africa is full of religions, Chi- 
cago is full of religions), apart from the 
Christian religion, and these- religions, all 
of them, without exception, are teaching 
that men can come into right relations to 
God, can stay in right relations to God, 

July, 1902. 



can die at last in hope of heaven without 
hope in the blood of Jesus Christ. 

Religion is a system which proposes to 
bring men into right relations with God 
and hold them there. Christianity is a 
system which proposes to do this by the 
Holy Spirit manifesting Jesus Christ to 
one who shall repent and believe in Him. 
and these two are not alike, do not give 
the same way to get to God. One is try- 
ing to get to God without Christ ; Chris- 
tianity is the way to God by Christ. "I 
am the way, the truth and the life ; no 
man cometh to trie Father but by Me," 
says our Savior. 

I wish to show you just in a moment 
that Free Masonry is not the Christian 

In Webb's Masonic Monitor I read 
from the article entitled "Religion." It 
is in the synopsis of Masonic law, prepared 
by Robert Morris, an elder of the Pres- 
byterian church, who lived in Louisville, 
Ky., and was one of the principal Free 
Masons of the United States. On the 
284th page, under the title "Religion," 
he says : 

"The meeting of a Masonic Lodge is strict- 
ly a religious ceremony. So broad is the re- 
ligion of Masonry, and so carefully are all 
sectarian tenets excluded from the system, 
that the Christian, the Jew and the Moham- 
medan, in all their numberless sections and 
•divisions, may and do harmoniously combine 
in its moral and intellectual work with the 
Buddhist, the Parsee, the Confucian, and 
the worshipers of Deity under every form." 

Robert Morris, the author of a "Syn- 
opsis of Masonic Law," says that. 

Now I have in my hand what is called 
"Chase's Digest of Masonic Law," and 
you understand this book is a series of 
decisions in regard to Masonic -law made 
by the Grand Lodges of tine whole coun- 
try, and of the world, for that matter. 
There is no central body in the United 
States, nothing higher than the Grand 
Lodge of each State. Some decisions 
say virtually that Free Masonry ought to 
be Christian ; that a man coming into 
Masonry ought to be a believer in the 
Bible and a believer in Jesus Christ, but 
the decisions I read are the other sort. 
I read them because they are the only 
ones which accord with the, fundamental 
principles of Masonry, which harmonize 
with its universal character. 

The Alabama Grand Lodge said in 

"It is anti-Masonic to require any religious 
test, other than the candidate should believe 
in a God, the Creator and Governor of the 
universe. "—Chase's Digest of Masonic Law, 
page 2<tC). 

He believes in God. Do you believe 
your sins are pardoned ? None of your 
business. Do you believe your sins can 
be pardoned without the sacrifice of 
Jesus? None of your business. You 
have no right to ask me any such ques- 

Grand Master Sayre, of Alabama, 
1855, says: 

"Your committee believe this (Ohio Res.) 
all wrong. The Jews, the Chinese, the 
Turks, each reject either the New Testament 
or the Old, or both, and yet we see no good 
reason why they should not be made Ma- 
sons. In fact, Blue Lodge Masonry has noth- 
ing whatever to do with the Bible. It is not 
founded on the Bioie; if it was it would not 
be Masonry; it would be something else."— 
Chase's Digest of Masonic Law, page 207. 

So much for Chase's "Digest of Ma- 
sonic Law." These decisions that I have 
read are in harmony with the history of 
Free Masonry. In France recently some 
persons objected to requiring the candi- 
date to believe in God and asked the 
Grand Lodge to strike out that article of 
faith. They said, "No, we do not need 
to strike it out, because every man is per- 
mitted to translate the word 'God' for 
himself ; if a man thinks force is god, he 
is perfectly welcome to come into our 

You will notice in the prayers which I 
read that there is nothing whatever about 
the Savior. You will find three things 
wanting in every Masonic prayer. There 
is not any Masonic prayer published in 
that or any book, with a confession of 
sin ; there is no prayer here which recog- 
nizes the fact clearly and distinctly that 
the people coming to offer that prayer 
are sinners who desire anything at the. 
hand of God ; they represent men as sin- 
less and holy coming into the presence 
of God ; there is no mention of Jesus 
Christ. In one or two of the degrees 
of Masonry there is an allusion to Jesus 
Christ, but it is associated with the most 
sacrilegious and blasphemous use of the 
sacred things possible, and the persons 
who take these degrees at times become 
the worst men in Masonry. 

Mr. D. W. Potter said to me one time: 
"I used to be a Mason. I have been an 
evangelist for years. I do not get OT*e 



July, 1902. 

Mason in a thousand converts, and I 
never knew a Knight Templar to be con- 

Col. Geo. R. Clarke was a Knight Tem- 
plar Free Mason at the time God opened 
his eyes and enabled him to see Jesus 
Christ. There is no reason why any per- 
son here to-night, be he Mason, Knight 
Templar, or other, if he feels himself 
burdened with sin, if he is wearied with 
the struggle against it, if he has found 
that struggle to be hard, there is no rea- 
son why he should not look up to Jesus 
Christ, and believe in God and leave this 
room to-night with his sins pardoned and 
the hope of glory in his heart ; but these 
prayers do not confess sin, do not men- 
tion Jesus Christ ; there is not one of 
them that has any allusion to the Holy 
Spirit, the only being in the Universe 
that convicts a sinner of sin, and the only 
being that ever manifests Jesus Christ to 
an anxious sinner who longs for salva- 
tion, the only being to teach man the 
truth be needs to know ; He is not men- 
tioned in the Masonic prayers from first 
to last. 

Three things are not found in these 
prayers : No confession of sin, no men- 
tion of Jesus Christ, no allusion to the 
Holy Spirit. Do you want to tell me that 
a religion that makes prayers — 'remem- 
ber, these are Miasonic books, and these 
prayers printed by these men and sent 
out to the public -do not mention sin in 
the way of confession, do not mention 
Jesus Christ as a Savior, do not mention 
the Holy Spirit as a teacher or sancti- 
fier, do you want to say that that relig- 
ious system that omits these three car- 
dinal facts can be called the Christian re- 
ligion in any sense? It is religious 
enough, but it is not Christian. 

What Kind of a Religion Is It? 

My third question is this : If it is a 
religion and not the Christian religion, 
what is it? 

Now here I take the only non-Masonic 
book which I read from to-night, the 
Book of God, The Bible, and I read from 
I. Cor. 10: 19-20. Remember now I am 
reading the words of the Holy Spirit, and 
He is speaking in reference to the ques- 
tion which I raised. We have found by 
Masonic testimony that Free Masonry is 
a religion ; by the same testimony we find 
that it is not Christian ; my question then. 

is, what is it? If it is a religion and not 
Christian, what is it? 

I. Cor. 10: 19-20: "What say I then? that 
the idol is anything, or that which is offered 
in sacrifice to idols is anything? But I say, 
that the things which the Gentiles sacrifice, 
they sacrifice to devils, and not to God; and 
I would not that ye should have fellowship 
with devils." 

Now when the Holy Spirit said that 
the Gentiles sacrificed to devils, what did 
He mean? What did the Gentiles sacri- 
fice to? To the sun, the moon and the 
stars and the images they made. The 
Holy Spirit says these things are noth- 
ing; they are created things. They are 
made and they will perish, and the things 
offered in sacrifice to them are nothing. 
People will say, what is the harm, if the 
idol is nothing, and what is offered in 
sacrifice is nothing, what is the harm? 
Why not go right on, it will help you in 
business, you won't lose friends as you 
will if you come out ? Why not go right 
on since the idol is nothing' and the thing 
offered in sacrifice is nothing, w'hat harm 
will it do? It is a religion, and a relig- 
ion that has an object of worship that 
don't amount to anything ; it won't hurt 
anything, will it? But the Holy Spirit 
says the things which the Gentiles sacri- 
ficed to these idols they sacrificed to dev- 
ils and not God. I do not want you to 
have fellowship with devils ; He says you 
cannot do it. If you try to have fellow- 
ship with God and fellowship with devils 
you cannot have fellowship with both. 
So here you are. 

In 1,500 lodges prayers like this I have 
read to-night are offered week by week, 
often by men who make no profession 
to Christianity at all. No mention of 
confession of sin, no mention of Christ, 
no mention of the Holy Spirit, who 
makes sin known to sinful hearts. Thou- 
sands of men in this city hearing these 
prayers read, saying these are every bit 
as- good as they have at the churches in 
Chicago, and these men believe if they 
live and die in good standing with the 
lodges with which they are connected 
they are going to heaven. 1 hey say to 
themselves: W r hen we came and were 
initiated we were born again. The veil 
that held divine truth from our eyes was 
drawn away and now we can see divine 
truth, we can divide our time as we ought 
to do and give one-third to God and one- 

July, 1902. 



third to business and one-third to sleep. 
Our hearts are not exactly right, but we 
learn to cleanse them ourselves, and now, 
when we come to die, we will lie down in 
the hope that we will wake in the regions 
of the Holy One. No repentance for sin ; 
no confession of sin ; no faith in Christ ; 
no faith in God; no faith in the Holy 
Spirit; the very things which Christ 
makes essential to salvation. The Holy 
Spirit says that sort of thing is the wor- 
ship of demons, and the Holy Spirit says 
you Christian people ought not to have 
fellowship wk'h demons. 

Marks of Demon "Worship. 

If I had begun right here I should 
have been glad, for I should like to go on 
with this subject from this point. Let 
me give you two or three marks of dem- 
on worship. 

In the first place, demon worship will 
make a man a liar. I have had many a 
man tell me one reason he left the lodge 
was because he could not exactly speak 
the truth, to his wife, to his neighbor, to 
his friend. When you swear a man to 
conceal a thing that is public, how is he 
going to do it? You take a missionary 
who has been laboring among pagan 
people and he 'will tell you that they can- 
not tell the truth when they try. 

There is a second thing that it is a 
mark of, and that is uncleanness. There 
is not a holy home anywhere except it 
be Christian, never has and never will 
be. The spiritual adultery leads to actual 
adultery and uncleanness in every way. 

Third, cruelty is a mark of demon wor- 
ship. I know a poor carpenter that re- 
fused to join a union in this city to be 
taken by his heels and held over a wall 
three stories from the ground, and the 
men that held him there kept swearing 
they would drop him unless he would 
give up his religion and his manhood 
and come and join their order. | I knew 
another man to be knocked off a scaf- 
folding on the second floor, his arm 
broken ; he went to the hospital for six 
weeks, got out and found every valuable 
tool he had stolen from his box. Why? 
Simply because he would not do the bid- 
ding of his lodge. A man said to me this 
week: "I have kept out for 25 years 
now, and it looks to me as though I have 
to join these lodges or starve." The time 

has come when an honest man cannot go 
out in a city like Chicago a free Ameri- 
can citizen and earn honest bread for the 
wife and baby at home, unless he will 
take the mark of the beast in the fore- 
head or the hand. That is what the Holy 
Spirit said would come ; that is the hour 
that is here. 

Our Duty. 

What is the duty of you men and 
women who are in these lodges? You 
ought to take these books that are writ- 
ten by your own men, and you ought to 
find out whether or not these extracts 
which have been read properly represent 
this institution, and if so, you ought to 
know that you will pay the penalty if you 
adhere to institutions of that kind. It is 
dangerous for a man to undertake to 
take the cup of the Lord and the cup of 
devils. It is a dangerous thing for a 
man to undertake to practice a religion 
which leaves out Christ and the Holv 
Spirit. It is a serious matter to reject 
Jesus Christ, the Hody Spirit and the 
Word of God. If a man hopes to be 
saved and does not repent and confess 
and put away his sin, he will be a lost 
soul in eternity. If you have a sin in 
your life that you will not repent of and 
confess and put away, it will sink you 
into hell ; and whether you believe it or 
not, that is what it will do, and for a re- 
ligious system to be planted in this city 
professing to teach a man how to cleanse 
his heart to get into heaven without 
Jesus Christ and the Holy Spirit or the 
Word of God, it is an insult to God 

Second. You people here to-night who 
are opposed to secret societies, that do not 
want to attend them and have been excus- 
ing yourselves from active participation, I 
want to say to you : Come up to the help 
of the Lord against the mighty. It is not 
our battle any more than yours, it is the 
great battle of the Christian. The curse 
that came on Meroz came because thev 
did not come up to the help of the Lord 
against the mighty. We ought to en- 
gage in this movement. We are passing 
on day by day, our time flits and some day 
our voices are no more heard in the ears 
of men, and it is the business of every 
man and woman who has been bought 
with the precious blood of Jesus Christ to 



July, 1902, 

stand forth against every enemy that con- 
fronts the church of Jesus Christ and that 
dishonors Jesus Christ and dishonors the 
Holy Spirit. It is the business of every 
man and woman to take his full share of 
all the hard knocks that will come and 
stand always for the whole truth. 

Now, brothers and sisters, let me urge 
you. I shall not ever see you all again. 
Men to whom I spoke the last time I was 
in this room are not here to-night. God 
blessed the Word to many of them. Do 
not let one fail to get the blessing he 
ought to have and do not let a man or 
woman go out of this house to-night rely- 
ing upon such a broken reed as any lodge 
whatever for the life that is or the life 
that is to come, and do not let any man or 
woman say that a religious system with- 
out the Savior in it is a good thing ; with- 
out the Holy Spirit is a good thing. It 
is a bad thing. Men and women here to- 
night say: God helping me I will stand 
out in this great struggle between good 
and evil, between light and darkness, be- 
tween Christ and Belial; I will confess 
Him before men that by and by He may 
confess me before my Father in heaven. 




"The Christian's law-hook commands 
'Swear not at all.' An adhering Mason 
gives his support to an institution which has 
caused him, and requires every candidate 
to swear each oath after oath. Freemason- 
ry teaches him to regard these oaths as the 
essence of Masonry." 

No matter in what spirit of wicked se- 
riousness or of levity or perjury any of 
the multitudes of corrupt men in the 
lodge take these oaths, they are aided 
and abetted by the lodge's good men. 
Every Mason who halts at the third de- 
gree swells yet that tide of influence 
Which carries others to go all subsequent 

No man liveth unto himself. Be not 
partaker of other men's sins. 

I hold not with the pessimist that all 
things are ill, nor with the optimist that 
all things are well. All things are not ill 
and all things are not well, but all things 
shall be well, because this is God's world. 
— Robert Browning. 

"Ye shall know them by their fruits." "A. 
good tree cannot bring forth evil fruit,, 
neither can a corrupt tree bring forth good- 

A Minister who had joined the Wood- 
men, said that the Church had not lived 
up to the ideal of helping those in need 
and lodges had been organized to take up 
work which the church should have done. 

Why not try to bring the church up to* 
the standard instead of forsaking it and. 
joining lodges? 

The Bible says, "He that giveth, let him 
do it with simplicity." "Do good and lend 
hoping for nothing again." "Give to every 
man that asketh thee." "If thine enemy 
hunger, feed him; if he thirst, give him 
drink." "He that hath two coats, let him 
impart to him that hath none; and he that 
hath meat, let him do likewise." "Give 
alms of such things as ye have." "Whoso 
hath this world's good, and seeth his brother 
have need, and shutteth up his bowels of 
compassion from him, how dwelleth the love 
of God in him?" "Every man, according as 
he purposeth in his heart, so let him give, 
not grudgingly or of necessity: for God lov- 
eth a cheerful giver." "Distributing to the 
necessity of saints." "Take heed that ye do 
not your alms before men, to be seen of 
them: otherwise ye have no reward of your 
Father which is in heaven. Therefore when 
thou doest thine alms, do not sound a trum- 
pet before thee, as the hypocrites do in the 
synagogues and in the streets, that they may 
have glory of men. Verily, I say unto you, 
They have their reward. But when thou 
doest alms, let not thy left hand know what, 
thy right hand doeth: That thine alms may 
be in secret: and thy Father which seeth in 
secret himself shall reward thee openly. And 
when thou prayest thou shalt not be as the 
hypocrites are," etc. 

Paul said: "I have shewed you all things, 
how that so laboring ye ought to support the 
weak, and to remember the words of the 
Lord Jesus how he said, It is more blessed 
to give than to receive." "By love serve 
one another." "Bear ye one another's bur- 
dens, and so fulfil the law of Christ." "He 
who has heard Christ and been taught by 
Him, as the truth is in Jesus" is to "labor, 
working with his hands the thing which is 
good, that he may have to give to him" that 
needeth." "Provide things honest in the 
sight of all men." 

July, 1902. 



How contrary these and other passages 
are to the spirit of the lodge system is 
manifest. What saith the lodge in prac- 
tice? "Let us prepare for a fair, a so- 
ciable, a Knights Templar ball, or some 
sort of entertainment in which we may 
make a 'fair show.' We will advertise 
that it is to be for the benefit of the poor 
or the Masonic Orphans' Home. Of 
course, there will be considerable ex- 
pense — the renting of a hall, something 
for costumes, a noted musician or speak- 
er, perhaps, to be paid, a percentage al- 
lowed to those who sell tickets and— 
what remains we will spend for some- 
thing that we can conveniently carry to 
a few families and make them feel for- 
ever indebted to our society ; then we will 
publish an account of our good works in 
the paper, taking care that there shall be 
a list of names of the leaders in the un~ 

In a certain small city a lodge of wom- 
en advertised two weeks in advance that 
at the home of one of the members a so- 
cial would be held for the benefit of Miss 

, and the next week afterward an 

account of the affair was published, mak- 
ing three weeks in succession that the 
poor woman was set before the public as" 
one for whom the lodge was doing a 
great work. How many of those lodge 
members would have liked to change 
places with the object of their benevo- 

Christ said, "Whatsoever ye would that 
men should do to you, do ye even so to 

Contrast the above incident with an- 
other which took place in the same city. 

A man of moderate means, well known 
for his willingness to help any one in 
need, was approached by an old man 
who by means of an interpreter made 
known to him that if a loan of a small 
sum of money could be obtained, he 
could start in a business that would en- 
able him to support himself and aged 
wife. The loan was given with no se- 
curity except the man's promise to re- 
turn the loan when he could. The man 
succeeded, paid the sum borrowed and 
no publicity was given the matter, but 
few knowing anything about it. 

Another instance of lodge charity 
against Christian charity is the case of a 

woman whose husband, a lodge member, 
died, leaving several small children. 

The lodge members talked continually 
about what they had done for the widow 
and children and as a direct result re- 
ceived an addition of several members to 
their lodge. 

One member who was closely ques- 
tioned as to the amount he really gave 
to the family answered, "About three- 
fourths of a cent/' 

A Christian neighbor, not a lodge 
member, in settling an account with the 
widow made no mention of about $8 that 
was his due, neither did he go about pro- 
claiming what he had done. 

Facts along the line of quiet, simple, 
Christian fruit-bearing could be given 
that would surprise the lodge members 
who "sound a trumpet" and give "to be 

How much more acceptable and bene- 
ficial to the recipient the Bible way is, 
those can testify who have seen the work- 
ing of both methods. 

May the children of God in "the ad- 
ministration of this service not only sup- 
ply the want of the saints," but assist any 
who are in need in such a manner that 
they shall be led from the satisfying of 
temporal need to a realization of spiritual 
need and look to God as the giver of ev- 
ery good and perfect gift. 


"What a glorious consolation, my brethren, 
it is to feel that ours is a friendly Order, an 
Order of true and generous freedom, shared 
alike by all worthy men and women, regard- 
less of caste or creed." — Grand Sire of In- 

Regardless of initiation? 

Regardless of not being blackballed on 
application for admission ? 

Regardless of suspension for non-pay- 
ment of dues? 

Regardless of non-conformity to the 
rule not to pray in the name of Jesus, or 
make any reference to anything suggest- 
ing the Christian "Creed?" 

The crosses which we make for our- 
selves by a restless anxiety as to the 
future are not the crosses which conic 
from God. — Fcnelon. 



July, 1902. 

Corporate JRemberc* 


Editor's Note: It was voted by the Na- 
tional Christian Association that the follow- 
ing extracts from letters addressed to it by 
absent members be published in The Chris- 
tian Cynosure. 

Columbus, Ohio. 

Your kind invitation finds me at home 
caring for my sick wife. I cannot leave 
home unless a great change for the better 
takes place. 

As to secret societies, I stand just 
where God stands — against them. "What- 
soever is not of faith is sin." There is no 
Christ, no forgiveness of sins, no new 
birth, no heaven-born love — nothing but 
sin — in them. Oh, that the preachers of 
this land were all well-informed, fearless 
watchmen on the walls of Zion ! 

We must testify and leave the results 
with God. With kindest regards to all, 
I remain as ever, opposed to all false wor-' 
ship. (Pres.) S. P. Long. 

Waupun, Wis. 
I would be highly gratified to attend 
the convention, but I cannot. May all be 
made joyful in the blessing God shall 
shower upon you. 

Mrs. L. C. Andrews. 

Sedgwick, Kan. 
It has been with the deepest interest 
that I have read of the work in the past 
year, as reported by different workers in 
the Christian Cynosure, and rejoice in the 
good that is being done. 

Mrs. D. R. Keir. 

Lyndon, Kan. 

I have not lost interest in the work. In- 
deed, every day demonstrates more fully 
the need for work along that line. Yet 
there are some hopeful signs. 

At the meeting of the Ministerial As- 
sociation in Topeka recently, one of the 
members of the Association was appoint- 
ed to discuss the subject, "The Effect of 
Club and Lodge Connection Upon 
Church Life and Work." The writer, 
though himself a member of some of the 

lodges, made the statement that the con- 
nection was very hurtful to church life in 
most instances and in general. I sent him 
the book, "Secrecy and Citizenship," and 
wrote some of my own sentiments, and 
received from him a courteous reply ac- 
knowledging the truth of the positions 
assumed in both the book and the letter. 

What was equally significant was the 
fact that in the daily paper in which I 
first saw the account of the matter there 
was no comment unfavorable to the dis- 
cussion of such a theme in such a body. 
The paper read was published in the daily 
from which I learned of the matter, and 
was a very candid and forceful discussion 
of the theme. 

I have listened to the local talk of some 
of the lodge members in this place recent- 
ly, and heard the admission that the in- 
surance methods in use in the insurance 
orders was not sound. When I said, "It 
is not a question of whether they will fail, 
but only a question of when and of who 
will be the sufferers," the parties to the 
conversation agreed that that was about 
a fair statement of the case. The leaven 
is working and were it not for the fascina- 
tion of the lottery phase of the insurance 
part of the connection, and the amuse- 
ment incident to the initiation in many 
cases, there would be less of a craze to be 
enrolled. Some of the social features, of 
course, have some attractions, and to per- 
sons who do not want church connection 
serve to mention as things superior to 
those furnished in the church along the 
same lines. With hearty sympathy for 
your work, and keen interest in it, I am, 
very respectfully yours, 

(Rev.) D. M. Sleeth." 

Northwood, Iowa. 

I hope that the National Christian As- 
sociation may continue and increase as a 
power against those mighty bulwarks of 
Satan — secret societies. 

May the Lord grant wise counsels and 
endow his servants with the necessary 
courage to bear testimony to the truth as 
regards secret societies. 

(Rev.) O. T. Lee. 

Huntington, Ind. 
I would greatly enjoy being with you 
all during the meetings announced for the 

July, 1902. 



15th inst. Our annual meeting of the 
Publishing Board is now in session here. 

My sympathies and also those of our 
church are with the great movement the 
National Christian Association repre- 
sents. For it our prayers ascend and in 
its triumphs we rejoice. 

Assure the brethren engaged in the 
work that they may with confidence de- 
pend on us to aid to the extent of our fa- 
cilities to carry forward every aggressive 
and defensive movement of the Associa- 
tion to intercept the progress of secret so- 
cieties and their encroachment upon the 
church and the state. • 

I remain most truly a fellow-helper, 

Henry J. Becker, 
Editor The Christian Conservator. 

Ashkum, 111. 

There is no change in my attitude to- 
wards the work of the N. C. A. On my 
part there can be none. The time in my 
life is long past since I had any doubt as 
to the general trend of secret societies. 
Wrong in their foundations as I see them, 
they must be hurtful in a free country, 
and unnecessary in a good cause. 

With greetings to the old friends of the 
N. C. A., I remain, 

(Rev.) Alexander Thomson. 

Cedarville, Ohio. 
Satan is still urging on his slaves, but 
God's freemen are assured of final vic- 
tory. His own word for it. 

W. R. Sterrett. 

Bureau, 111. 

I do not think it will be possible to at- 
tend, but I am in hearty agreement with 
the objects of the. Association. 

I find nothing so potent to divert the 
mind from spiritual work, and hinder the 
work of the church, as secret combina- 
tions. (Rev.) P. Hurless. 

Oshkosh, Wis. 

Although I am laid aside from active 
employment, yet my heart is all aflame 
for the work. T have been much drawn 
out in prayer of late, more than formerly. 

It may be that is why I am still among 
the living. For twice in the last two 
months I thought the end had come. But 
Father saw best that it should be other- 

wise. It may be for two reasons. One 
is that I may pray for the church in all 
her different departments of work — the 
anti-secret not the least to be considered. 
The other that I may be better prepared 
for the society of the pure in the mansions 
of Eternal Blessedness world without end. 
Amen. I have no suggestions to make, 
much less criticism to offer, for I believe 
the work to be in the hands of noble, 
honest, God-fearing men. I have been 
feeble in body much since the death of 
my beloved husband. But the inward 
man is renewed day by day. May Heav- 
en's richest blessing attend you in your 
arduous yet noble labor of love. For Je- 
sus' sake. Mrs. Emaline Griffin. 

Marissa, 111. 
I wish I was nearer to you that I 
might help you in this grand and noble 
work. I see more than ever the need of 
the N. C. A. Secretism is sapping our 
country of its morals and religion. God 
bless the Cynosure and every one in con- 
nection with it. I am striking secretism 
every time I have a chance, and that is 
very often. We have had no convention 
here for some years now, but hope to 
have one by and by. 

(Rev.) R. W. Chestnut. 

Allegheny, Pa. 
It would be a great pleasure to me if 
I could be present at your annual meet- 
ing on the 14th and 15th of this month 
and take some part in your counsels and 
prayers on that occasion. But this would 
not be expedient. I must content myself 
with prayer to Jesus Christ that He may 
be present at your meeting and give suc- 
cess to the cause which you represent. 
And it seems to me that we may all pray 
with the assurance of being heard and of 
having our prayer or request granted, be- 
cause it is really his own cause. May we 
not pray in the language of the Psalmist, 
"Arise, O God, plead thine own cause; 
Remember how the foolish man reproach- 
eth thee daily" (Psalm 74: 22), or, in the 
language of good Hezekiah, "Incline 
thine ear. O Lord, and hear; open thine 
eyes, ( ) Lord, and see, and hear all the 
words" of thine enemies, "which they 
have sent to reproach the living God 1 
( Isa. 37: 17). We are never to forget 



July, 1902. 

the fact of the irreconcilable antagonism 
between the lodge and the true church of 
Jesus Christ. The former rejects his 
name and pleads for salvation without 
him. The latter does all that it does in 
word and deed, in the name of the Lord 
Jesus and maintains that there is no other 
name given under heaven among men 
whereby we can be saved. Should we not 
put him in remembrance of this fact in 
our prayers ? 

(Rev. Dr.) Wm. Wishart. 

Little Rock, Ark. 

Nothing would afford me greater 
pleasure than to attend the sessions 
of the N. C. A. ; they would afford 
me a spiritual feast. Though all alone in 
the fight against the powers of darkness, 
in this lodge-ridden city, I shall never 
give up the fight, and will not as long as 
I have a chance to let my voice be heard. 

God bless the warriors of the N. C. A. ; 
may they never give up the fight until 
this wickedness is destroyed and con- 
sumed at Christ's second coming . 

A. J. Millard. 

Zanesville, Ind. 
Now, if I never have another opportu- 
nity as now, I want to say to all, my 
prayer is the good work go on till this 
lodge evil, by the help of God, may be 
wiped out, as slavery was. Now, may 
the Lord bless the meeting and its officers 
for good. Now the paper weekly is long 
to me, but your pleasure as to this. 

Wm. Hoverstock. 

Sylvania, Ohio. 

Another year has rolled around and 
brought us near the time of our annual 
meeting. It seems a fitting season to sur- 
vey the past, to find what have been our 
successes, and also our failures, and the 
true causes for such failures. 

In the first place the anti-secret seems 
to be the most unpopular reform of the 
present time, and none but "those of 
sterner stuff" are willing to be identified 
with that movement. 

The growing tendency to observe the 
Sabbath as a day of recreation and pleas- 
ure-seeking, is a just cause for alarm and 
fear, and how far are Christians respon- 
sible for these things ? Although a source 

of anxiety at times, being in my eighty- 
second year, the language of the late ex- 
President Fairchild of Oberlin, seems ap- 
propriate, "I am too old and feeble to 
wage an aggressive warfare against such 
practices." As an individual, after hav- 
ing done what I can, according to the 
light in me, I must trust that — 
'Truth, crushed to earth shall rise again; 
The eternal years of God are Hers." 

Eliza H. Candee. 

Biggsville, 111. 

Last Sabbath night, here in Biggsville, 
a town of about five hundred, the pastor 
of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church, 
of which I used to be a member, dis- 
missed his congregation to unite with the 
Methodists in "an anniversary sermon 
for the I. O. O. F." Three ministers 
there, one from a neighboring town, the 
Methodist and the C. P. uniting to exalt 
an organization that rejects Christ, that 
berates the church, that is of the world 
and must perish with the world. And all 
that on the Lord's day. 

Not long ago a woman said to me, 
"Why, actually, they don't pay my hus- 
band enough salary so that he can pay 
his lodge dues." Her husband was a 
"lodge" minister ordained in the Cumber- 
land Presbyterian Church. Just think of 
that. The church of the living God was 
not in it at all. 

A secretary of the Board of Foreign 
Missions of the Cumberland Presbyterian 
Church said to me, "Until I got this posi- 
tion of secretary on the Board with a sal- 
ary, I could not pay up my dues in my 
lodge." She was a member of the East- 
ern Star. Again, the lodge must be first 
and the church must pay her salary so 
that she could pay her lodge dues. "Ye 
are my witnesses," said Christ. But how 
was she witnessing ! And a member of a 
Board of Foreign Mssions ! Is it any 
wonder that boards of churches are nag- 
ging antl pulling and pressing because 
they are in debt? I have noticed that 
those denominations that are opposed to 
secret societies are the ones that pay most 
per member for the Master's work, and 
they are the ones that are freest from 

I was once a member of a lodge and 
know of what I am talking. I must wit- 

July, 1902. 



ness and bear testimony whether my tes- 
timony is heard or not. Anonymous let- 
ters, threats, hatred, all, even threats of 
loss of life itself, will not deter me. While 
in Des Moines many opportunities were 
given me to stand for truth and be un- 
popular with many or flinch and be un- 
popular with the Lord Jesus Christ. I 
want always to choose to be popular with 
Him, knowing full well that He will de- 
stroy all evil in His own good time. 

I will pray for the Convention, and 
hope some day to be able to be with you. 
May the Spirit enlighten the minds of all 
who attend, and may the under current 
be, not abuse of the lodge, but a hunger- 
ing to feed the souls of those who are in 
the lodge with the pure bread of life, for 
they are sick and sorely need some kind 
friend to soothe and bring the comfort 
they are trying to find there. 

Rena Rezner. 

Kingston, DeKalb County, 111. 
I was looking over the May Christian 
Cynosure and I find it very full and com- 
plete, and very interesting. But it is 
amazing the vast variety of such societies 
now. When I was a boy, in the twenties, 
I heard only of Freemasons. Now we 
have all sorts by the score and hundred. 
The devil, as is usual, has overdone his 
deviltry ; and it seems to me that secret- 
ism is beginning to lose its power over 
fallen men. God grant that the eyes of 
all the human familv may be fullv opened. 

(Rev.) S. F. Porter. 

Rockford, 111. 
It really would be a pleasure to me to 
meet the "Old Guard'' again in commu- 
nion and counsel, for I am getting firm 
in my conviction that all organized 
pledge -bound secret societies are from 
the unclean spirits, like frogs, out of the 
mouth of the dragon, the beast and false 
prophet, and that opposition to them is 
of the Holy Ghost, in bringing on the 
battle of the great day of God Almighty, 
and to meet with comrades is inspiring 
and strengthening for the conflict. 

(Rev.) Wm. Pinkney. 

with your work in the past year. I am 
more than ever convinced that the whole 
secret empire, and its work, is the spirit 
of the "anti-Christ" in opposing the gos- 
pel, and I have no compromise to make. 
I believe the powers of darkness are 
gathering their hosts against Christ and 
his servants, and will increase, until 
Christ shall come and destrov them. 
(Rev.) J. A. Richards. 

Lanark, 111. 
Allow me to say that I feel a deep in- 
terest in the work, and that I am sure 
The Cynosure is growing in value from 
dav to dav. Long live The Cynosure. 

(Eld.) I. B. Trout. 

Amboy, Minn. 
All the work that has been published 
in The Cynosure has been read with in- 
terest, for I read The Cynosure every 
word from cover to cover, and send it to 
different places, far and near. 

E. Brace. 

Willimantic, Conn. 

In regard to my "wishes and sugges- 
tions respecting the work" I can only 
say that it is my prayer that the workers 
in this reform may increase in numbers 
and strength and be led to a final triumph 
by our blessed Master. 

J. A. Conant. 

Fort Scott, Kan. 
I long to meet with you, and shall 
D. V. I am well pleased and satisfied 

Franklin, Ky. 

You need not the saying from me, that 
all the heart and sympathies that I have 
are with you in your inroads upon the 
dark empire of secrecy ; it is a radical, 
constitutional part of Satan's kingdom. 
I have only the supremest abhorrence for 
the entire system of lodgery, from the 
last and latest little chick of the last made 
order clean up through all the frauds and 
so-called mysteries to the brood-mother. 

I take not a little pleasure in thinking 
of the angel that John saw coming down 
from heaven, having the key of the bot- 
tomless pit and a great chain in his hand 
and he laid hold of the dragon, that old 
serpent which is the devil and Satan and 
bound him, etc., and cast him into the 
bottomless pit. What an array of names 
the old Lucifer has — the dragon, a Great 



July, 1902. 

sea monster, devouring everything, our 
saloonery. The old serpent — -cunning, 
sly, deceitful, full of poison — lodgery. 
The devil and Satan, the accursed and 
the enemy of God and men. May not 
your association and ours and all others 
that have the "great chain" of the word 
of God in their hands, be that angel seen 
by John — messengers to bind this devil 
and Satan, and cast him into the bottom- 
less pit. Sure I am that is our work to 
bind him ; and I long for the day when 
he shall be cast into that bottomless pit. 
I have felt a sort of gladness in the fact 
that it had no bottom in it, that when the 
dragon was thrown into it there would be 
no place for him to- stop going down — 
bottomless. The Redeemer on the throne 
is watching our conflict with him, and 
when the Lord's own time is served, he 
will help us to complete the binding of 
the great enemy. 

(Rev.) H. H. George, D. D. 


Whittle Springs, Tenn. 

I write to say to- you and the dear 
brethren and sisters of the N. C. A. that 
five years' residence in the South has not 
changed my beliefs or practice on the 
question of secret, oath-bound fraterni- 

I asked one of the best Christian min- 
isters I have met in this State why he was 
not a Mason. He said : "I was at one 
time urged to be made a Mason ; but I 
felt that my 'business was to be a min- 
ister of the gospel, and such an alliance 
would not help me to be a better Chris- 
tian or a better minister ; so I refused to 

Being true to his convictions, God has 
blest this man and made him a blessing 
to others. 

Enclosed please find $1.00 for The 
Cynosure from the fall of 1901 to the 
fall of 1902. 

(Mrs.) Mary C. Baker. 

There are no men or women, however 
poor they may be, but have it in their 
power by the grace of God to leave be- 
hind them the grandest thing on earth — 
character ; and their children mig r ht rise 
up after them and thank God that their 
mother was a pious woman, or their 
father a pious man. — Dr. McLeod. 


A pastor writing to another spoke of a 
third one known to both who had been 
initiated by the Odd Fellows. He said : 
"One thing that pained me was to see the 
delight, the glee, shown by very ungodly 
men at the thought that they had cap- 
tured a Christian minister. I could only 
think of the glee that I believe Satan feels 
when he has led a Christian into sin. 


At the recent convention in Chicago a 
Knight of Pythias who had gone, as he 
said, to the top of the lodge and had been 
a representative to the Grand Lodge of 
K. P. , made this statement : "I do not 
care how moral a man you are, it will 
drag you down." He also testified: "I 
never gained one good thing from my 
lodge connection." 

He was a Baptist, devoted to his 
church, and yet that very fact led this 
moral and consistent young man into the 
lodge, which he thus reported to the 
convention as useless and worse. He 
said : "I went into the lodge because the 
best men in that Baptist Church be- 
longed to the lodge." That was the rea- 
son. They dragged him in and the lodge 
did the rest. It dragged him down. 


President Finney was a man of pecu- 
liarlv strong- mind. He was first trained 
as a lawyer. Of his Systematic Theology 
a well-known theologian says in his own 
text book of the same subject : "Ration- 
alistic, logical, dry.' r Dr. Finney was an 
able writer and a college president. 

He was also a remarkable preacher 
and a wonderful evangelist. However dry 
Jiis book of Theology may be, he was 
anything but a tame or dull speaker. 
Dramatic, fervid, powerful, he was a 
notable figure in the pulpit of his time. 
A fellow student of ours who had been 
previously at Oberlin, said he had seen 
President Finney so overwhelmed with 

July, 1902. 



the thought he eloquently poured out on 
the congregation that, ceasing to find ut- 
terance, he bowed over the pulpit, weep- 

A relative formerly connected with 
Brown University, first as student and 
afterward as instructor, told of a wonder- 
fully dramatic scene occurring in one of 
Dr. Finney's discourses in Providence — 
a piece of vivid acting that had the force 
and impact of solid argument. 

The writer recollects an article by Dr. 
Finney which came to his notice in the 
home of a clerical and literary friend 
years ago. It was entitled "The decay of 
Conscience," and recognized a condition 
which has seemed so obvious in the his- 
tory of our people in the intervening 
years as often to bring the article back to 

A man combining so many intellectual, 
moral and spiritual qualifications can be 
credited with a reasonable recognition of 
his own conscience and a judicious esti- 
mate of his own conduct. That estimate 
appears at one point in these words : 
"When I became a Christian I had to 
forsake my lodge sin as I forsook my 
other sins." 


So much is said about ministers as 
belonging to the lodge that there may 
have grown up a need of vindication for 
the profession. It is far from true tlrat, 
as a class, ministers favor the lodge. 
Those who refrain from joining are very 
numerous and distrust of secret orders 
or positive aversion is perhaps more or- 
dinarily characteristic of clergymen than 
is always known. 

One prominent city in the United 
States contain about one hundred and 
fifty ministers who are in sympathy with 
such views as are advocated in these col- 

As a rule, ministers have known com- 
paratively little about the subject in de- 
tail. We are trying to disseminate fuller 
information, and would be glad to reach 
a still larger number of pastors and stu- 
dents for the ministry. 

It is not true that ministers alone 
should be regarded by friends of this re- 
form. Those who are with them in their 

churches should be qualified to co-ope- 
rate with them and encourage them. 
Cannot some who read these words sub- 
scribe for others who are their pastors' 
helpers ? 

Let us at any rate be just to the pro- 
fession as a whole and honor the faithful 
ministry for its freedom from lodgery 
which sweeps in worldly men. 


The March number of the Cynosure 
quotes on page 3.36 from the attorneys* 
brief in the case of the will of W. C. Bis- 
sell and says : "We suspend quotation 
at this point, reserving valuable matter 
for a future number." 

The attorneys proceed to say : "It is 
contended by counsel for, appellants that 
the testator labored under an insane de- 
lusion concerning secret societies in gen- 
eral and the Masonic order in particular. 
Honest difference of opinion among in- 
telligent people cannot be said to be a 
delusion. It would not be profitable to 
undertake to investigate to-day and as- 
certain what per cent of the people of 
the United States believe just as the tes- 
tator believed in regard to these organ- 
izations ; but there is no question but 
what a great many people do believe it. 




"It is a disputed question upon which 
men honestly differ. The strong ground 
taken by these Christian organizations 
which are so bitterly opposed to secret 
societies is that they do not recognize 
Christ as God and these organizations 
contend that therefore secret societies are 
anti-Christian. There is no claim on the 
part of the Masonic lodge or any of the 
other secret societies of which we have 
some information that they are Christian 
organizations or that they recognize the 
Savior of mankind. It is said by the op- 
ponents of Masonry that in the organiza- 
tion proper, which is said to consist of 
the so-called 'Blue Lodge,' there is abso- 
lutely no recognition of Christ or Chris- 

* ^ M: * * :|« 

"The same is true, or said to be true, in 
regard to nearly all the other secret so- 
cieties. Outsiders are warranted in be- 
lieving this claim for the reason that so- 



July, 1902. 

licitors for the organizations outside of 
Masonry which we understand does not 
solicit members, offer as an inducement 
to people to join their orders that there 
is absolutely nothing to interfere with 
any person's religious beliefs, and it is 
known that Jews. Gentiles, Turks, belong 
to the Masonic order and to some of the 
other secret societies, which fact gives 
color to the claim of these people that it 
is not a Christian organization, because if 
it was such members could not be ad- 

^ 5|% 5jC Jf£ ^1 5jc 

"His belief in regard to secret societies 
was a sincere and a sane belief. He ad- 
vocated what he believed, but he did so 
in a reasonable and a rational manner. 
See answer of witness Howe. 'He was 
cool and candid ; he was like any man 
who was interested in any subject/ Dr. 

, a witness, called on the stand by 

the appellants, knew the testator 20 years 
and treated 'his wife and himself and he 
testified that the subject of secret socie- 
ties was only spoken of twice by Mr. Bis- 
sell. This is strong evidence that it was 
not an insane delusion. One possessed 
of an insane delusion brings it forward 

^^ 'JS *f* J^ 'p *J% 

"The testator had no eccentricity of be- 
lief. It was not a belief pe- 
culiar to himself, but held by him 
in common with thousands of other in- 
telligent people." 


The Chicago Bible Society has its de- 
pository and offices at 167 Wabash ave- 
nue, Chicago. The location is on the 
Loop, near Adams street station, and is 
easily reached from all parts of city and 

This is practically the American Bible 
Society in Chicago, and in addition to 
that society's publications are handled 
the Oxford, Nelson and other teacher's 
Bibles, including the American Standard 
Revised, and the 20th Century New Tes- 
tament, in the English of to-day, etc. The 
B. S. Bibles are sold at the cost of mak- 
ing, and others at lower than trade rates. 
Special terms are made to co-operating 
Churches and Missions, and all that can 

be, is done at the depository, and in tne 
field by our Bible Workers, to have the 
entire population possess God's WVitten 

Address: Rev. J. A. Mack, Supt, 167 
Wabash avenue, Chicago, 111. 


"There is no Christianity in the Blue 
Lodge. I used to pray in the name of 
Jesus in their meetings. But the Jews 
said : No Jesus ! Jews, deists, free- 
thinkers fill the lodges. Christ has no 
part or lot among them. They don't do 
good as he commanded. Their own 
goodness is all that is required in the or- 
der. A Musselman is as good a Mason 
as anybody else. What this brother (J. 
P. Stoddard) tells you about Masonry I 
want to vouch for. I am astonished at 
his knowledge of the system. And he 
has it right. I can endorse his account 
of the lodge, and you must learn it of 
him. There is no true idea of Christian- 
ity, I say, in the lodge. Some writers 
make it appear that there is. They say 
much about Christ outside, but not when 

I cannot serve two masters — God and 
Mammon. I cannot walk with the world 
and with God at the same time. 'Come 
out from among them and be ye sepa- 
rate.' We must leave everything to fol- 
low God — leave friends and loved ones 
to follow his command. We must do all 
this, Masons, or anti-Masons. If those 
who oppose the lodge do so from selfish 
motives, and not for Christ— why, they 
are just as bad as the men they con- 
demn." Stephen Merritt. 

The man who says this had been mas- 
ter of the largest lodge in New York. 
Besides making more Masons than any 
other Master at the same time, he him- 
self took scores of Masonic degrees. He 
had been an enthusiastic Mason, yet he 
could not remain but came out free, and 
the above is part of his testimony con- 
cerning what he has abandoned. 

1 j 

We know not a millionth part of what 
Christ is to us, but perhaps we even less 
know wnat we are to him.— Christina 

July, 1902. 




In the May number the root idea of in- 
surance was shown to be identical with 
that which is at the root of business part- 
nership, civil polity and all that is named 
civilization. It is the idea of making 
benefits and the effort to provide them 
common through sharing and co-opera- 

To resume the illustration, we may in- 
sure the 1,000 selected patrons on anoth- 
er plan. Seeing that this group is to pay 
in during, say, the coming period of 40 
years and to receive again in the same 
time an average of not less than $1,000, 
we may receive the total deposit this 

Probably almost any regular company 
would make this arrangement with pa- 
trons. Discount for prospective interest 
on the deposit or the ordinary title to div- 
idend would be reasonable. The essen- 
tial difference of method would be that 
instead of the slower and easier one of 
annual premium the shorter one of sin- 
gle premium is used. 

In this case the whole deposit becomes 
at once common property and each wid- 
ow is entitled to aid which is always at 
least $1,000 taken from $1,000,000. In 
the case of annual premiums the deposit 
never reaches $1,000,000, but always 
equals or exceeds the $1,000 required by 
each death claim. It is property pro- 
vided in common by 1,000 men to be 
used by 1,000 women when the men can 
earn their support no longer. 

The case is much like that of a home 
for the aged in which a certain sum might 
be paid for the benefit of a certain num- 
ber. This time we will set the number 
at 100. After reaching the age of 75 
any of these people may claim occu- 
pancy of the home. None is unprovided 
for, none need be homeless. 

In such a case the indispensable thing 
is obviously an actually built home. The 
mere promise of one erects no roof. The 
building itself or. money to hire, or build 
one as early as the time when the first 
claimant reaches the age of 75 is more 
important than anything else. Lacking 
this, no benefit is insured. 

A property basis therefore takes first 
rank among requirements. If this case 

illustrates the analogous, and for some 
widows practically identical one when 
the insurance money pays rent, the prop- 
erty requirement shares in importance. 
Whether paid down at once or paid by 
annual installments the money must be 
paid and ready. Otherwise neither de- 
posit nor claim can be shared for there is 
a lack of what makes the shares, namely, 

• In this there is no chance to evade the 
law of compensation : the rule by as 
much by so much inexorably binds. As- 
sessment insurance has no magic to en- 
able a deposit of $800 to provide the dis- 
bursement of $1,000. 

Cheap insurance is as chimerical as 
perpetual motion. A thousand men of a 
given age will die within a given period 
which statistics indicate with fairly exact 
approximation. If their widows are to re- 
ceive $1,000,000 within that period it is 
certain that the money must be deposited 
in some way either at once or by install- 
ments. If it is by annual payments these 
cannot run below a certain line without 
diminishing that aggregate deposit. 
Cheaper insurance would be a delusion. 
It could promise, but it could not insure, 
for it would lack property basis. 

In fact it has promised and failed. 
While the failure of an old-line or genu- 
ine insurance company is one of the rar- 
est known to the business world, that of 
cheap assessment schemes is scandalous- 
ly common. Outside the lodges such in- 
surance is practically dead so far as we 
are aware. There may be some part of 
the country where it can yet catch vic- 
tims, but it has been too steady a failure 
to win permanently by vain promises. In 
fifteen years over 1,300 assessment socie- 
ties, many of which were of the life in- 
surance type, went to the wall. Their 
final failure commonly begins in the in- 
itial failure to provide actual or at least 
adequate basis. This vital error regular 
life insurance successfully avoids. It sets 
its guarantees upon a property basis, and 
promises no more than it has means to 

"The sunrise is the song of the day ; 
the sunset its lullaby. Even so youth 
rhymes all things to song and old age 
chants the requiems." 



July, 1902. 


Grand Pontiff. 

(Continued from May Cynosure.) 

We have now reached the last group of 
degrees of the Ancient and Accepted 
Scotch Rite. 

The candidate for the nineteenth de- 
gree — Grand Pontiff, prepared as a 
Knight Rose Croix, after some delay is 
admitted with the Master of Ceremonies 
and conducted twelve times around the 
room, pausing at one column on each 
circuit and receiving addresses of more 
or less value ; after this, with a thick veil 
thrown over him, he is hurried into a 
room, black, with no furniture and re- 
quired to sit down upon the floor. He 
can remove the veil at will and while 
there, mingled with flashes of lightning 
and at times thunder and other noises, 
quotations of Scripture in regard to emp- 
tying the seven vials, and other portions 
from Revelation appeal to his various 
senses. After making some excellent 
promises he is brought into the Chapter, 
listens to more Scripture, kneels at the 
altar and takes 

Obligation of Degree, Grand Pontiff. 

I st. Never to reveal any of the secrets 
of this degree to any person in the world 
except to him or them to whom they 
may properly belong and then only when 
empowered to do so. 

2d. To obey by-laws, rules and reg- 
ulations of Chapter, the edicts, laws and 
mandates of the Grand Consistory of 
Sublime Princes and Commanders' of 
the Royal Secret and also those of the 
Supreme Council of the thirty-third de- 

3d. To devote himself to the cause of 
justice, truth and toleration. 

4'th. To endeavor to do something 
for the benefit of his country and the 
world after his death. 

5th. That he will consider only what 
is right, just, noble and generous to do, 
under penalty of being 'held a false 
knight and faithless soldier by every 
true knight and honest man in Christen- 
dom. . 

He is then pronounced a priest and 
receives sign, token and words of the 
degree, and after further ceremony, in- 
struction and lecture, the lodge is for- 
mally closed. 

This degree on its surface seems far 
more civilized than the preceding. The 
obligation in some sections is patriotic 
and just, but a careful study of it shows 
it to possess the same sham, idolatry and 
sin contained in the other degrees. 
/'Thrice Puissant," the name of the pre- 
siding officer, is an illustration of this. 
W ! ho is thrice powerful except the Fa- 
ther, Son and Holy Ghost? Why does 
our nation abhor grandiloquent titles? 

In the twentieth degree, Grand Mas- 
ter of all Symbolic Lodges or Associate 
Master and Vitam, the candidate, invest- 
ed with the collar and jewel of a Grand 
Pontiff and the jewel of Rose Croix, after 
some delay is admitted and reads upon 
the columns of the Lodge, Toleration, 
Justice and Truth, after which he kneels 
at the altar and assumes the 

Obligation of Grand Master of All Sym- 
bolic Lodges. 

1st. Never to reveal any of the se- 
crets to any except such as are duly 
authorized to receive them. 

2d. To adopt certain specified virtues 
as the rule and guide of his life, virtues 
which compose the five Masonic squares- 
and three Masonic triangles of the lodge. 

3d. To use his best endeavors to pre- 
serve peace, order and harmony among 
the members of his lodge, under penalty 
of being dishonored and despised by all 
Masons. He then receives the signs,, 
grips and words of the degree. 

The virtues which he has adopted are 
severally mentioned and a prayer that 
the light of each may shine upon him 
offered. The Grand Orator then deliv- 
ers a discourse, after which the lodge is 
formally closed. 

The many excellent virtues mentioned 
in this degree are not copyrighted. They 
are inculcated generally everywhere ; and 
Free Masons put themselves in a false 
light by pretending to sell them as se- 
crets. Lying, they instruct the candi- 
date is cowardly. Free Masons, then put 
away your cowardly system of imposture 
and be men. 

In the twenty-first degree, Noachite or 
Prussian Knight, the candidate, after 
giving to the Captain of the Guard, the 
sign, grip and password of the degree of 
Grand Master of all Symbolic Lodges,, 
is admitted and pledged to be just and 
righteous, to avoid idleness, to live hon- 

July, 1902. 



estly, to deal fairly, to neither be 
haughty nor vainglorious, nor obsequi- 
ous to the great nor insolent to inferi- 
ors, to be humble and contrite before 
Deity. He then takes the Obligation of 
Patriarch Noachite, which is the single 
requirement to keep the secrets of this 
degree. He then receives sign, token 
and words of the degree and is invested 
with apron, collar and jewel, and kneel- 
ing he is dubbed a knight ; his spurs are 
buckled on and a sword is given to him. 
After a discourse by the Orator, the de- 
gree is formally closed. 

In the twenty-second degree, Knight 
•of the Royal Ax or Prince of Libanus, 
though said not having sufficient claim 
for admission, the candidate is admitted 
and sent to obtain the' suffrages of the 
members, which he does. He is then 
taught the use of the saw, the plane, and 
the ax. After this the candidate kneels 
on both knees with his hands upon the 
ax and the Bible. 

'Obligation of the Knight of the Royal Axe. 

ist. Never to communicate the secrets 
of this degree to any person or persons 
except to those lawfully entitled to re- 
ceive the same. 

2d. To do all possible for the eleva- 
tion of the laboring classes, all under 
penalty of exposure on the highest pin- 
nacle of Mt. Libanus, there miserably to 
perish in its perpetual snows. 

After investment in the signs, tokens 
and words of the degree, he listens to its 
history and the closing ceremonies are 
formally conducted. 

What is there in this degree to con- 
ceal? They are extra-judicial oaths in 
themselves, involve disobedience to God 
and are a menace to the sanctity of the 
civil oaths. 

In the twenty-third degree, or Chief of 
the Tabernacle, the candidate, with ban- 
daged eyes, after some delay, is admit- 
ted to the cell of probation and purifi- 
cation, a dark chamber in which he sits 
upon the floor in front of an altar and 
skeleton. Here he is directed to remove 
the bandage. He hears a loud crash of 
thunder, followed by profound silence, 
and then in the stillness one cries with a 
loud voice of the fate of Korah, Dathan 
. and Abiram, who were swallowed up for 

practicing ceremonies contrary to God's 
commandment. Crashes of thunder, the 
sound of a gong, rattling chains and 
agonized groans and cries smite the lis- 
tening ears of the candidate, then follow 
satisfactory answers by the candidate as 
to his repentance for his sins and his 
prayers; and he declares himself ready 
to proceed with his initiation. The Se- 
nior Deacon sprinkles him with water 
and cuts off a lock of his hair. The can- 
didate, dressed in a white tunic and 
white drawers, sandals on his feet, and a 
white cloth over his head, which pre- 
vents his seeing, is then admitted to the 
assembly. He is met by the Junior 
Warden, who opens his tunic and makes 
the sign of the cross upon his breast. 
After explanations and protestations of a 
sincere desire to serve God and his fel- 
lows, with wrists crossed upon the Bible 
square and compass, he contracts the 

Obligation of Chief of the Tabernacle. 

This consists of an oath never to re- 
veal the secrets of the degree to any per- 
son or persons except he has received 
all the preceding degrees and not unto 
him or them unless lawfully entitled to 
receive the same, under penalty of be- 
ing swallowed up alive. 

The bandage is then removed from his 
eyes and he, arising to his feet, receives 
the signs, tokens and words of the de- 

He is invested with the tunic, belt, 
jewel and apron, after which this lodge 
is closed in prescribed form. 

The great exponent of Freemasonry, 
Albert G. Mackey, states the object of 
Freemasonry to be 

"The worship of the Great Architect 
of the Universe and the disenthralment 
of mankind." Let us with them pray 
that they may be led out of the contra- 
dictory follies of man-invented ceremo- 
nies, and may the commandments of 
men, in secret conclave, be replaced by 
the commandments of God as given in 
the Bible. 

A witness said : "The person I saw at 
the head of the stairs was a man with one 
eye named Bixkins." 

"What was the name of his other eve?" 
asked the opposing counsel. 



July, 1902. 

Hero* of ®ur Pori 

Elder I. Bennett Trout gave a very 
able address, "Reasons Why a Christian 
Should Not Belong to a Lodge," at the 
yearly meeting of the German Baptist 
Brethren at Harrisburg, Pa. He is said 
to have had an audience of some 5,000. 
These Brethren are all right on the lodge 
question, and the best of it is they mean 
to keep right, and that their children 
shall be right and have intelligent rea- 
sons for the faith of the church. 

Elder D. R. Kramer, of California, is 
an evangelist and an N. C. A. co-worker 
who receives a monthly supply of litera- 
ture from our 'headquarters. Pray for 
his work and send your contributions for 
the Free Tract Fund to this office, that 
his work and that of others may not fail. 

Some of the friends in Iowa desire 
Rev. W. B. Stoddard to return and hold 
a convention in that State next fall. 
Brother Stoddard would like to have the 
conference in Washington, Iowa, if the 
friends wish. Kirkwood and Biggsville, 
111., are not far away. Meetings are de- 
sired in both of (these places, which could 
be visited at the time of preparing for the 
Iowa Conference. 

In the August number of The Cyno- 
sure will be begun a biographical and 
historical sketch of Mr. Ezra A. Cook, a 
well-known business man of Chicago 
and former publisher of The Christian 
Cynosure, a charter member of the Na- 
tional Christian Association and a direc- 
tor from its organization to the present 
time. Mr. Cook's narrative will consist 
chefly of his experiences in connection 
with this great reform. 

Elder Quincy Leckrone, of Somerset, 
Ohio, will commence work as an anti- 
secrecy lecturer about July 10 inst. He is 
a member of the German Baptist Breth- 
ren Church and will do acceptable work 
anywhere, but will doubtless be a special 
blessing to the people where his denom- 

ination have buildings, and from the 
platform of Which he can reach the sur- 
rounding communities. Write him at 
above address. 

The appreciation of the "Convention 
Number" of The Cynosure by many of 
our subscribers 'has been very pleasing to 
the editor and board of management. 
One pastor in North Dakota sent the 
pay for twenty extra copies for distribu- 
tion. Others have sent for smaller num- 

Rev. J. P. Stoddard has been giving 
considerable time during the past month 
to work in Worcester, Mass. The Inde- 
pendent Order of Odd Fellows' State 
Canton was holding its annual session in 
that city at the same time. Brother Stod- 
dard reports that some 500 were in line 
with bands, buttons, regalias, strut and 
stir in profusion. "It would be inter- 
esting to know how many of the pro- 
fessed Christians in that decorated com- 
pany carried a New Testament in their 
pocket, and had humbly sought divine 
guidance, and really felt that they were 
glorifying God in body and spirit by 
inarching in such a company. One zeal- 
ous member informed me that he had 
been an active Odd Fellow for 27 years, 
and that the order was doing more good 
than all the churches. 

"He volunteered the information that 
a few years ago some fellows hired Me- 
chanics' Hall and publicly worked the 
degrees of Masonry, and that it was fol- 
lowed by large accessions to their lodges. 
I suggested a repetition of the work 
which had proved so helpful to the craft, 
and as I was one of the men in charge 
of the meetings to which he referred, 1 
would gladly undertake the repetition oi 
the work so beneficial to their order, if 
the lodges would guarantee to pay one-, 
half the expense. He declined the offer 
with expressions not highly complimen- 
tary to me or my friends and associates 
in such a 'disgraceful business.' It's 
really amazing to see how little those fel- 
lows appreciate those favors which they 
assert are filling their halls and ranks- 
with ministers and the best men of the 
land !" 

July, 1902. 





St. Paul, Minn., May 5, 1902. 
National Christian Association — Dear 

Brethren : 

The way is not open for me to attend 
the annual meeting. And you expect a 
report from me. 

I have not much to report ; have been 
doing something in the way of preach- 
ing in the open air, and sometimes in 
halls and churches, and can say that I 
have not shunned to declare the whole 
counsel of God's will as revealed in His 
word against secret societies, so far as 
that revelation is known to me. 

Dr. John Owen says : "Faith revealed 
to any carries with it an immovable per- 
suasion of conscience that it ought to be 
spoken and published to others." 

Witnesses are sworn to tell the whole 
truth. Concealment of a part of the 
truth is perjury, besides making the wit- 
ness particeps criminis with the criminal. 
How, then, can a true witness for God 
say, "Preach the gospel and let secret 
societies alone ?" They who do say it are 
dissembling and not walking uprightly 
before God. 

It has always seemed to me that all 
that is required of any in fighting against 
secret societies is that they preach the 
gospel in the same manner that the Apos- 
tles of Christ preached it, as recorded in 
the New Testament, and 'they having ref- 
erence to the Old Testament in that re- 

False teachers have "privily brought 
damnable heresies into the churches," 
even anti-Christian works of darkness, by 
means of secret societies, which bring in 
anti-Christ himself — the god of the 

Such faithful preaching as that of 
prophets and Apostles would drive anti- 
Christ and damnable, heresies out of the 
churches, or the faithful witnesses will 
be put out. 

Hoping that you will have a success- 
ful convention. Very respectfully your 
servant. William Fenton. ' 

Shall I not call God the beautiful, who 
daily showeth himself so to me in his 
gifts. — Emerson. 

Washington, D. C, June 18, 1902. 
Dear Cynosure : 

In some ways the last has been the 
most successful trip we have made. 
Nearly two hundred and fifty subscrip- 
tions to The Cynosure, the holding of 
many meetings, and distribution of much 
N. C. A. literature is a part of the report. 
Collections have been taken as follows : 

Reformed Presbyterian Church, 
St. Louis, Col $ 1.55 

Concordia Seminary, St. Louis, 

Col 7.00 

M. E. Church, Pollock, Mo 36 

Unionville Conference Col., Un- 

ionville, Mo 4747 

Ref. Pres. Church Col., Sharon, 

Iowa 19.06 

U. P. Church Col., Morning Sun, 

Iowa 2.51 

Ref. Pres. Church Col., Morning 

Sun, Iowa 4.46 

F. M. Church Col., Burlington, 

Iowa 1 .46 

Muskegon Conference Col., Mus- 
kegon, Mich 13.55 

Oh. Ref. Ch., Holland, Mich 5.25 

Ch. Ref. Ch., Zeeland, Mich 3.39 

Ch. Ref. Ch., Grand Haven, Mich. 3.00 

East St. Ch. Ref. Ch., Grand Rap- 
ids, Mich i5-8o 

Alpine Ave. Ch. Ref. Ch., Grand 

Rapids, Mich 8.00 

Christian Ch., Middletown, Mich. 2.25 

Second F. M. Ch., Milwaukee, 

Wis 51 

D. S. Ervin, Cedarville, Ohio 4.00 

It would seem scarcely necessarv to 
add that we found friends wide awake and 
interested to push the battle. If "actions 
speak louder than words" this voice is 
encouraging. Everywhere there is a call 
for more work. Several letters have re- 
cently been received from friends calling 
for lectures, to which we are not as yet 
able to respond. 

None are more awake to the need of 
an active Christian campaign against the 
powers of darkness manifested in the se- 
cret lodge system than our friends in the 
Christian Reformed Churches. In Mus- 
kegon,. Holland, Zeeland and Grand Rap- 
ids, Mich., we spoke to large and enthu- 
siastic audiences, who not only gave heed 



July, 1902. 

to what was spoken, but gave in aid of 
the work. The largest of these meetings 
was in the church of which the Vice 
President, of our association is pastor. 
Rev. J. Groen, of the East Street Chris- 
tian Reformed Church, Grand Rapids, 
Midh., did much, very much, to make 
our visit there pleasant and profitable. A 
club with twenty-six names was secured 
for The Cynosure in this congregation. 

The meeting in the Alpine Avenue Re- 
formed Church exceeded the expectation 
of those who doubted that a large meet- 
ing could be secured for a lecture on a 
week night. The kindness of Dominie 
Ekster and people will be long remem- 

Zeeland is a town of fifteen hundred 
inhabitants, without a lodge or saloon. 
The thrift of this place is everywhere 
manifest. The two Christian Reformed 
and the Reformed Church evidently 
control. They have thus far succeeded 
in driving out the lodge enemies that 
from time to time have sought to start, 
Maccabees and other Bees not of the 
honey kind. Our meeting was in the 
First Church, and was attended by the 
young people, many of whom filled the 
parsonage before the return of their new 
pastor, Dominie Haan. He was much 
surprised with the nice presents given by 
those with whom lie had labored but a 
short time. There was .evident a strong 
attachment of pastor and people. 

The Sabbath spent at- Holland, Mich., 
was pleasant indeed. In the morning we 
worshiped with the Wesleyan Methodist 
friends and ministered to them as best 
we could. The evidences of their appre- 
ciation were many. The large church, 
of which Dominie Van Goor is pastor, 
gave us a splendid welcome in the even- 
ing. We found preaching easy, as we 
were privileged to bring the message to 
such a large assemblage. 

The Muskegon Conference gave a new 
impetus to the cause in that section. The 
coming of Dr. Swartz was a great help. 
His address on the effect of the lodge on 
the home was listened to with profound 
interest. Dominie Pies and friends gen- 
erally did much to 'help us in this meet- 
ing. My home while engaged with the 

Conference was with our good friend and 
former schoolmate, Prof. R. L. Park. We 
are much indebted to him for kindness 

Brother Root, of the Radical U. B. 
Church was at this gathering, and ar- 
ranged for the lecture, which I gave in 
the Christian Church, Middletown, Mich. 
The pastor of this church was reported 
as both Mason and I. O. O. F., but his 
wife was not. Both were present. We 
would have given a quarter to have heard 
the conversation on their return home. 
Should he wish more degrees he could 
likely save by getting them at home. 
There is a splendid field for our work in 
this (Gratiot) county (Michigan), which 
we hope to enter later. Friends there 
are anxious for a Conference. 

A night's sleep on Lake Michigan was 
uninterrupted by storm, and we reached 
Milwaukee, Wis., in time for an appre- 
ciated breakfast. Our home was in this 
city for a week. We preached in the 
First and Second Free Methodist 
Churches ; also in the Swedish Congre- 
gational. A lecture was given in the 
Second F. M. Ch. Our principal work 
was with the Missouri Synod Lutherans. 
From past acquaintance we knew just 
what to expect in coming among them. 
They gave us more time to speak than 
could have been reasonably expected. 
We asked for "half an hour and were giv- 
en an evening. In discussing Whether 
they would hear me, we were told there 
were some who thought /they knew it all, 
and did not need any enlightenment, but 
our good friend from Concordia Semin- 
ary thought some might yet learn some- 
thing, and because of 'his effort my elec- 
tion was made sure. 

It was indeed a great privilege to ad- 
dress this great body of strong men, over 
600 in number, sent as they were, as rep- 
resentatives to the highest court of the 
church. The response to our appeal for 
Cynosure readers was prompt and gen- 
erous. Nearly one hundred added their 
subscriptions to our list. Wisconsin and 
Iowa are on the list for conventions in 
the fall. Shall we not all seek to make 
these gatherings what they should be — 
large and representative? 

W. B. Stoddard. 

July, 1902. 



torn ©itr JttatL 


Salem, Iowa. 
Editor Christian Cynosure : 

It goes without saying that the church- 
es everywhere are more or less handi- 
capped by the lodge, but I suppose no- 
where on earth except in this town has a 
church building been actually handi- 
capped by two lodge rooms in the second 
story. Such an offense to Christian 
righteousness exists no longer, for last 
night, June 10, 1902, at about 9:30, a 
shaft of lightning set the lodges on fire 
and the three shrines of worship were 
consumed together. With malice toward 
none let us all say, "Praise the Lord." 

A. W. 



Rev. and Dear Brother : 

For some time past I have desired tu 
write you, and am now induced to it by 
your just criticism of the article entitled, 
"Pugilism, Modern Heathenism." You 
say, "If you scrape the modern Christian 
you will find the old heathen with his 
love of blood and his lust for excitement. 
* * * Can it exist without destroying 
true manhood and godliness in our peo- 

This quickened my memory concern- 
ing a brief conversation had on Freema- 
sonry with a certain Christian editor who 
said : "Brother Post, I agree with you 
but I cannot publish anything about it, 
situated as I am, you know." 

You call Pugilism, Modern Heathen- 
ism, but which of the two, Masonry or 
pugilism, is more worthy of deliberate 
condemnation as Modern Heathenism, 
on the part of a Minister and Christian 
editor, called of God to educate the pub- 
he? This is a fair question and easily 
answered. Pugilism is open and brutal, 
Masonry covert in its schemes and de- 
signs. The one is local, the other cos- 

mopolitan and profane, swearing its vo- 
taries to secrecy, under shocking death 

A pugilistic encounter may terminate 
in death, but it is known to everyone and 
justice then is meted out. Masonry com- 
mits crime never to be known except by 
some mishap, as in the case of the murder 
of Capt. William Morgan, of Batavia, N. 
Y., at which time many lodges gave up 
their charters and large numbers of Ma- 
sons renounced their membership for- 
ever. Among them was Hon. Seth M. 
Gates of Warsaw, N. Y., who, when a 
student at law in Le Roy, N. Y., forty- 
years before, joined the order, taking the 
"profane and extra-judicial oaths of the 
first three degrees," but was convinced 
"by long experience that Freemasonry is 
an evil and pernicious institution." 

You, Mr. Editor of our Methodist pa- 
per, may say, "Dear Brother Post, don't 
you know that Freemasonry is sustained 
by a multitude of good men of all classes, 
bishops, doctors of divinity, presidents, 
kings, princes and officials of every 
errade?" I know it, but does an office or 
an honorable position sanctify men and 
things ? Did not you yourself, a Mason, 
tell me that Masonry is an evil? If so, 
how can a good man, of any station, be 
committed to it and be guiltless? Now, 
suppose you "scrape your Christian" 
bishop, who is a Mason, what can there 
be left of him but the relic of Modern 
Heathenism, if Masonry is evil, as you, 
being a Mason, say? 

You have stated that you have passed 
through the General Conferences and 
have never heard Masonrv mentioned. Is 
that any evidence that Masonry did not 
ply, in secret, in the Conferences its po- 
tent influence, or that it did not have a 
baneful effect upon the spiritual life of 
ministers and members? Why did Rev. 
Dr. Nathaniel Colver of Boston, Mass., 
a scceder, describe Masonry as "Satan's 
masterpiece, a terrible snare to the souls 
of men ?" Why did not Pres. C. G. Fin- 
ney of Oberlin. Ohio, also a seceding 
Mason, whom the world has accepted as 
one of the most pious and able men ever 
known, cover up the evil of Freemasonry 
and thus allow his neighbor to be de- 
ceived? But hear him : 

"It is enough to make man's blood boil 
with indignation that such an institu- 



July, 1902. 

tion as Freemasonry should exist in the 
land, and what is most astonishing is that 
the members of the Christian church and 
Christian ministers should sympathize 
with and even unite themselves to such 
an institution." (Character and Claims 
of Freemasonry by ex-President Finney, 
page 243.) 

Of this evil of Freemasonry, Mr. Editor, 
your are reticent while the poor, foolish, 
glory-seeking, money-making pugilist 
receives a scoring in your paper, I think 
none too much so. Now, Mr. Pugilist 
reads your criticism of him and is re- 
minded of an article in another Methodist 
paper in regard to the Masonic corner- 
stone laying of an M. E. University. 
"Bishop Bowman conducted the services, 
and the Grand Lodge of Masons of the 
District of Columbia laid the stone." He 
sees boastful, anti-Christ lodges and 
Methodism clasping hands as one com- 
mon-uncommon-brotherhood to lav foun- 
dations of institutions for the education 
of young Methodists ! He sees ministers 
of the Mightiest not scrupling "to don 
the regalia of Masonry at corner-stone 
laying" and in prayer calling the Lord 
God Almighty by the name of G. A. O. 
T. U., ignoring the Man of Calvary, the 
Lord Jesus, in whose name only can we 
approach unto God for His benediction 
or favor. 

The Pugilist remembers the murder of 
Capt. Morgan, whose monument stands 
in Batavia, N. Y., and whose blood still 
calls from the ground against Masonry, 
and he despises such Christians for 
"scourging him for having a good spar- 
ing and boxing contest just for the fun 
of it," while they clasp the blood-stained 
hands of Masonry. 

You scourge the poor miserable Pugil- 
ist, who never thinks of persecuting unto 
death even the authorities who punish 
him for his pugnacity and love of con- 
quest, fame and money, but you stand by 
and wink at M'asonry which many can 
testify "knows no mercy, but swears its 
candidates to avenge violations of Ma- 
sonic obligations even unto death,, and 
is a virtual conspiracy against both 
Church and State." 

"I believe Masonry is an evil, as you 
do, but to say so in my paper would harm 
me." Well, dear sir, I suppose it would ! 
And if I was identified with questionable 

characters, sworn to keep their secrets 
and was subject to a shockingly barbar- 
ous death penalty, if I should reveal 
what conscience and the voice of God 
should dictate of the secret evil, of 
course I might "get hurt." But, Mr. 
Editor, "Shall I for fear of feeble man, 
the Spirit's course in me restrain ?" Is it 
a trifle to be partaker of other men's 
sins ? "The Lord will by no means clear 
the guilty." 

There are very few editors in our M. 
E. Church who seem to have the cour- 
age of their convictions, and who will 
warn the people against this insidious foe, 
but the poor, miserable pugilist must un- 
dergo a severe castigation, for the popu- 
lar voice is against him, and editors are 
in no danger of "being hurt." When pre- 
lates unite with Masons "in corner-stone 
laying," editors appear, like the wise tur- 
tles, to retire their heads under protect- 
ing shells lest they should "get hurt." 

Dear Editor, don't you really believe 
that if the world contained a less number 
of "prudent" editors, so afraid of being 
"hurt," it would be better' for all con- 
cerned ? I copy froni a letter to me from 
Pres. Chas. G. Finney : "How shall we of- 
fer to the Lord that which costs us noth- 
ing? How much are these men worth, 
who to save their influence, will not take 
a stand against popular sins?" 

You have said, as above stated, that 
you have passed through General Con- 
ferences without the subject of Masonry 
ever having been broached. We take 
this for granted, but the lodge has not 
been dormant. Let me quote what Bishop 
Payne, of the Pittsford African M. E. 
Church, published : 

"Forty years' observation as bishop 
has led me to know that three forces are 
at work against the perpetuity of the Af- 
rican M. E. Church, CHIEF AMONG 
October, 1892.) At the same time he 
cited examples to show that men guihy 
of crime had been shielded in Confer- 
ences because they were Masons. Are 
not the same forces at work in our white 
Conferences where large numbers of 
clerical and lay members are Masons? 
The lodge has evidently not been passive 
in the African M. E. Church. Take an- 
other example from the "Declarations of 
the General Assembly Association for the 

July. 1002. 



Promotion of Holiness," delegates from 
sixteen States and Canada being pres- 
ent : 

"Inasmuch as the associations of life 
have a powerful influence in moulding 
characters, all who would live holHv 
should not become connected with sec- 
ular or secret societies which are pio- 
hibited by the following, 'Have no fel- 
lowship with the unfruitful works of 
darkness, but rather reprove fhem, for it 
is a shame even to speak of those things 
which are done of them in secret ?' 

And do not let us forget that our own 
lamented Bishop Hamline complained 
while presiding over the Pittsford and 
Ohio Conferences, saying, "Freemasonry 
and Oddfellowship, a bane in the midst 
of us, have done us much evil here." (See 
Palmer's Life of Hamline.) And now 
when there are more Masons in our Con- 
ferences than formerly, must not their 
power be felt even though no words are 
uttered nor designs expressed? A Ma- 
son by grips can be influential even with 
eyes closed and lips sealed. 

Read also the Minutes of the Genesee 
Conference. In 1811 it was then resolved 
that S. R. be reproved in Conference 
by the Chair for having joined the Free- 
masons — and that this is his last year 
that Conference (of 1811-12) will con- 
tinue him without a thorough reform" 
(page 41 of Conable's History of the 
Genesee Conference). In 1814-15 it was 
found that Reuben Farley had joined 
himself to the Masonic Lodge. His ordi- 
nation was withheld (idem page 84). 

Again in 1829-30 "A stringent motion 
was submitted by James Hemingway, 
seconded by Philo Woodworth, which 
prevailed, that we will admit no per- 
son on tris/.. continue none on trial, w~ 
admit any into full connection in the 
Conference, neither elect any either to 
deacons or elder orders, whether travel- 
ing or local, who will not renounce all 
connection with Masons as such, by 
withdrawing from the institution, and 
promising to have no farther connections 
with Masons." (Conable's History of 
Genesee Conference, page 302.) 

Yet someway the "fretting leprosy" 
continues to spread, though in 1826, 
when Morgan was abducted, a great Ma- 
sonic stampede followed, which seemed 
to destrov the Fraternity so far as the 

churches were concerned. But evidently 
it was only a "seem so," for in 1829, three 
years afterward, the "stringent motion" 
of Hemingway was submitted to the 
Conference, showing that the church had 
meanwhile been corrupting herself, and, 
irrespective' of Conference resolutions 
and the charges against Freemasonry 
made by the many renouncing Masons 
who testified to the truthfulness of Wil- 
liam Morgan's exposition, members of 
the church had been affiliating with the 

In 1870, Masonry was still encroaching 
upon the M. E. Church, when the fol- 
lowing resolution was presented at the 
last session of the M. E. Conference held 
in Elmira, N. Y. A resolution modified 
by Rev. Dr. F. G. Hibbard, and second- 
ed by him and Revs. Sutherland, Crow, 
Gulick, Hosmer, Jervis, Gibson, Benham, 
E. and D. W. C. Huntington, I. Raines, 
A. N. Fillmore, who were Editors or Pre- 
siding Elders, and others numbering 
about seventy ministers of the Gospel of 
Christ, autographically, the following 
resolution, mild and courteous as possi- 
ble, viz. : 

"Inasmuch as Freemasonry, in the lan- 
guage of the lamented Bishop Hamline, 
"has caused us much trouble in our Con- 
ferences, and among our people," there- 
fore, resolved, that without judging any 
man we affectionately advise the mem- 
bers of this conference, for the peace of 
the brethren not to affiliate with said in- 
stitution." At this time in our confer- 
ence of 198 members, so many had be- 
come Masons, that Rev. W. H. Goodwin, 
D. D., leader of the faction, informed the 
Conference of their numbers, saying in 
open Conference, "We are sixty strong." 
Someway they seemed to have the bal; 
ance of power. The resolution, when 
the last vote was taken, was tabled 64 to 
58. This was the third year it had been 
presented. Then Rev. John Parker, of 
Rochester, an aged Mason, offered a res- 
olution on the course that had been 
taken, which was adopted. (Minutes of 
1871, page 12.) The purport thereof was 
that "the Conference had listened respect- 
fully to Brother Post for this, the third 
year, and now he be requested to desist." 
Not receiving that encouragement con- 
sidered necessary to success, we did not 
question the vote taken, but let it pass. 



July, 1902. 

Now in 1902, we find from reliable rec- 
ords that a great many, including bish- 
ops, have gone with the multitude to do 
evil, and hence have been prevented from 
fearlessly "lifting up their voices to show 
God's people their transgression, and the 
house of Jacob their sins," as God hath 
commanded (lsa. 58:1). Secret societies 
are multiplying and various churches 
have been largely dominated by them and 
of course contaminated and to a great de- 
gree it has been destructive of their spir- 
ituality. "Tell it not in Gath, publish it 
not in the streets of Askelon, lest the 
daughters of the Philistines rejoice — lest 
the daughters of the uncircumcised 

Is the effect of Freemasonry to be 
wondered at? Age has not sanctified it, 
Christian ministers, presidents and poten- 
tates have not sanctified it, nor has the 
Angel of Darkness forsaken it ! 

The foundation of Freemasonry is the 
first three degrees, ending in the Mastei 
Mason. This foundation does not recog- 
nize our Lord Jesus Christ, but carefully 
excludes even the mention of His name 
in its ritual. Guide to the Royal Chap- 
ter, by James L. Gould, M. A. 33d de- 
gree, page 10, says "the first three de- 
grees are the foundation of all Masonic 
science, essentially the same in all nations 
and climes." Oh, yes ! but its religious 
teaching is anti-Christian and its oaths 
blasphemous. It rejects Christ and pro- 
fanes the name of God ; and it passes 
comprehension how Bishop C. H. Fow- 
ler could, at a corner-stone laying, offer 
in prayer the following appeal to God : 
"Oh, thou Great Architect of the Uni- 
verse, in Thy name we assemble and lift 
our hearts. We invoke Thy presence and 
.Thy blessing upon the work of our hands 
to-day!" Oh ! Oh ! ! Oh ! ! ! If Satan 
can transform himself into an angel of 
light, what may not some men do who 
have taken the fearful obligations of 
Freemasonry when left to their own mis- 
guided wills ? Freemasonry has been 
truthfully designated, "the godless ape of 
the Bride of Christ." What shall we say 
then of Masonic Bishops of the M. E. 

Now, if your humble servant has 
"'scraped" bishops, presidents, and great 
men in authority, down to the "heathen" 
touch, «md in the operation has proven 

them more harmful than the pugilist and 
vastly more responsible for serious con- 
sequences, what ought to be done? The 
answer is evident, "reprove, rebuke, ex- 
hort with all long-suffering and doc- 
trine." It is not entirely optionaL 
whether we warn our neighbor. If we 
love our brother as Christ has command- 
ed, we will do so and be glad to do it 
for His sake and that we may also stand 
clear when "the judgment roll is called." 
The Spirit commandeth, "Brethren, warn 
them that are unruly." 1 Thes. v., 14. "Ye 
shall even warn them that they trespass not 
against the Lord, and so wrath come upon 
you, and upon your brethren: this do and 
ye shall ,not trespass." 2 Chron. xix., 10. 
Again, "I have made thee a watchman unto* 
the house of Israel: . . . give them warn- 
ing from me," saith the Lord. When a 
righteous man doth turn from his righteous- 
ness and commit iniquity, and I lay a stum- 
bling block before him, he shall die: bo- 
cause thou hast not given him warning he 
shall die in his sin . . . but his blood will 
I require at thine hand." Ezek. iii., 17-20. 
Of course, we are aware that the wrath of 
the cruel and the hand of secrecy will be 
against us, but "He that loveth his life shall 
lose it, he that hateth his life in this world 
shall keep it unto life eternal." Jno. xii., 
25. "Fear Him (only) which is able to de- 
stroy both soul and body in hell." Matt, x., 

This letter is written with the kindest 
of feeling and purest of motives, and af- 
ter a long life of varied experiences to- 
gether with much knowledge of Mason- 
ry, from seceders of unblemished reputa- 
tions, which confirm us in our estimation 
of the baneful influence of secret societies 
everywhere. Now, I close this epistle in 
my eighty-second year, in prayerful hope 
and expectancy that the reader in some 
way may be benefited thereby, now, and 
long after my translation to the skies to 
see Him for whom I endure and would 
willingly suffer yet more for His sake. 

"In His name," respectfully submitted. 

Woodruff Post, 
Of Genesee M. E. Conference. 

Olean, N. Y., A. D. 1902. 

Times of general calamity and confu- 
sion have ever been productive of the 
greatest minds.. The purest ore is pro- 
duced from the hottest furnace and the 
brightest thunderbolt is elicited from the 
darkest storm. — Colton. 

July, 1902. 




Clay Center, Kan. 
Dear Sir: 

Your letter of the 12th asking me why 
I did not mention secret societies in our 
preamble as we do the saloon, and if it 
could not be inserted- now, etc., was re- 
ceived in due time and read with interest. 

It has been my object from the first to 
make the Christian Co-operative Asso- 
ciation an anti-secret society. From a 
somewhat extensive experience as an or- 
ganizer, I knew it was almost useless to 
hope for anything without an organi- 
zation — a nucleus around which to rally ; 
but I found it very difficult to get it or- 
ganized ; there were so few who seemed 
to grasp the idea. I tried to select from 
among those who are unfavorable to se- 
cret societies ; but nearly all made some 
excuse. I finally succeeded in getting 
six, including myself, and an organiza- 
tion was effected. 

This movement when carried out 
means a good deal ; it means a com- 
munity of Christian people, the real es- 
tate would belong to the association, and 
there would be no saloon, no dance hall, 
and no lodge and a beneficiary society 
as well. Such a community it seems to 
me would be an ideal neighborhood in 
which to live. 

Again, I have believed for a long time 
that the best way to fight secret societies 
would be to offer something better, and 
an organization of this kind is that some- 
thing. D. M. Gillespie, M. D. 

' IOWA. 

Whereas, The Constitution of the 
United States and the constitutions and 
laws of the several states guarantee free- 
dom of speech and of the press, and free- 
dom to speak and publish the truth on 
all subjects relating to the public good, 
and forbid and punish only libel, false 
witness, and the advocating of anarchy 
and crime, and 

Whereas, All secret societies do 
abridge the freedom of speech of all their 
members, and make it a crime for anv 
member to tell the truth about the lod^e 

under penalty of death, torture, or loss 
of honor, and 

Whereas, Adhering members do slan- 
der, persecute and try to destroy the 
character of those who leave the lodges, 

Whereas, It can be demonstrated that 
the laws and obligations of the secret or- 
ders do conflict with the constitutions 
and laws of the several states and the 
United States, therefore, 

We, the citizens of the State of Iowa 
and County of Cherokee, do hereby peti- 
tion your honorable body to repeal all 
charters of secret orders, and to declare 
all members released from all the obli- 
gations they have taken in the lodges, 
and to prohibit any and all organizations 
from administering any obligation 
abridging freedom to tell the truth, and 
to prohibit the lodges and all their mem- 
bers from executing any lodge penalty; 
also, to prohibit them from persecuting, 
slandering and trying to ruin the char- 
acter of those who leave the lodges and 
tell the truth about them. 

Signatures — 

P. F. Thurber, 
Quimby, Iowa. 


A Sick Member in Arrears Receives Oddfel- 
low Charity. 

Dear Cynosure : 

The June number of The Cynosure I 
consider the best that 'has so far come to 
my study. 

May I add a testimony of a very dear 
friend ? I am sure if he had been at your 
wafm "testimonial meeting" in Chicago 
he would have given the speech I now 
write. He told me he joined a secret 
society some years ago whilst about 
1,500 miles from home, thinking it would 
be to his advantage in case he should 
be taken sick or any accident befall him. 
After belonging for a few years, his pro- 
gress financially was not a success, and 
he fell in arrears with his lodge dues 
two weeks. Whilst in arrears he took 
very sick, and had an illness of five 
weeks. He sent to the lodge for aid, but 
not a single lodge member ever came 
to see him or ever sent one cent to pay 



July, 1902. 

expenses. All he ever received from the 
charitable (?) lodge was this: " You are 
in arrears and hence can't help you." 

During the time he was a member of 
the lodge he had paid in money enough 
to defray the expense of several such 
sicknesses, but now he was out of money 
and had no lodge friends. 

Fortunately he had been boarding and 
lodging with a Christian family. Dur- 
ing his illness they proved to be true 
friends indeed. All his wants were glad- 
ly supplied by >them. Christian people 
called to see him — the lodge people 
stayed away. Finally ,he was able to 
go to work again. The doctor demand- 
ed $25.00 at once, and not being able to 
secure the money from the society which 
always boasted itself as being a "charita- 
ble order/' he informed me of his situa- 
tion, and as a Christian brother I paid his 
doctor bill, After he had paid back to 
me the money which I advanced, he 
said : "I now see where my true friends 
are ; not in the lodge, but in the church." 
He abandoned the lodge and gave his 
heart to Christ and his hand to the 
church — which is the only true charitable 
institution. Yours for the truth, 

(Rev.) J. Kurtz Miller. 

It is told of Thomas a'Kempis, that 
once during his student days his pre- 
ceptor asked the class : "What passage 
of Scripture conveys the sweetest de- 
scription of Heaven ?" One answered : 
"There shall be no more sorrow there." 
Another said : "There shall be no more 
death." Another; "They shall see His 
face." But Thomas, who was the young- 
est of all, said : "And His servants shall 
serve Him." 

Elder A. T. Ayers, of Gainesville, Tex- 
as, has compiled a little booklet for the 
purpose of aiding "Church Relief Work." 
It will do any one good to see his excel- 
lent plan for caring for the poor and sav- 
ing them from the evils of the lodge. It 
only cost 10 cents and can be obtained at 
above address. 

There is a world within and this is the 
greater world. If you want a really lovely 
world without you must make the world 
within bright and lovely. — David Gregg. 

Xeiwpapirc anh Beform- 


"In hoc signo vinces," by this sign we 
conquer. In the city of Zanesville the 
above can be seen built prominently into 
the walls of a public hall. Upon inquiry 
of a man standing near and who wore a 
Masonic pin, I learned that the hall was. 
built and used by a number of secret so- 
cieties for their meetings. I asked what 
the above reading meant and why the 
serpent was put upon the cross ; but get- 
ting no satisfactory answer, I observed 
as quietly and gentlemanly as I could that 
they were proposing to trail the true 
meaning of the cross with the falsities of 
the serpent and that they could not con- 
quer by that sign for the faith, the hope, 
the charity that were worthy the names 
would not agree thereto. By that sign 
they must fail, for they had started out 
with an impossible combination, viz., the 
cross and the serpent, and they propose 
worse things, making the cross support 
the serpent. Christianity is always lost in 
alliance with the devil or when it carries 
the trail of the serpent on it. Come out 
of all secret societies and stay out of 
them. One loses nothing of real merit 
by this course. 
—The Midland. 


An address given at the opening of the 
Seventy-seventh Annual Communication 
of the Indiana Grand Lodge of Odd Fel- 
lows, contains the following claim not 
"founded on the Bible." The Grand Sire 
says that the membership "has learned to 
love the deeds of the Good Samaritan and 
cherished his charity." 

The parable of the Good Samaritan 
was told to answer a question. Odd Fel- 
lowship does not answer that question in 
the same way. The general rule to love 
one's neighbor had been given, and the 
question sought the limits of neighbor- 

The answer showed that limits were 
not to be sought or defined. 

But Oddfellowship makes a specialty 
of setting bounds. First, you must have 

July, 1902. 



joined. You are not the kind of neigh- 
bor to be eligible Jo oil and wine until 
you have passed through the initiation. 
Until then, Odd Fellows are steadily 
passing by on the other side. 

The Good Samaritan waited for no 
sign, made no due examination, and af- 
terward made no due inquiry as to good 
standing on the never to be forgotten n. 

P . d. 

The very point of the parable of the 
Good Samaritan is the diametric opposite 
of the salient point of Oddfellowship. 
The clan is ignored, membership is for- 
gotten, attention is not won by special 
means, or signs, fraternity is not based 
on limitations, benefits are not condition- 
ed on narrow and restricted affiliations or 
on payment of dues. Precisely these 
broad, free principles are the things that 
Oddfellowship has not learned and can- 
not learn. The Grand Sire could not be 
more mistaken. 




''No, I would not advise you to have 
any connection in any responsible way 
with secret orders. Not even with those 
whose aim is merely financial insurance. 
There is no society like the Church of 
the Lord Jesus Christ. The world knows 
this. When the world sees a minister de- 
scending to the puttering and muttering 
of secret orders, they either lose confi- 
dence in the Church or its minister. All 
the much talked-of social advantages 
gained by lodge fellowship are utterly 
discounted by the loss of spiritual power 
with such membership. Besides- this is 
the loss of confidence in the spiritual 
leadership of their pastor by the member- 
ship in the church who are praying and 
looking for actual soul-saving in their 
services. Yes, by all means, steer clear 
of all the lodge business." 

The above from the Christian Witness 

of Dec. 19, 1901, is refreshing. It is a 

clean-cut, lucid, outspoken, righteous 

declaration from one of its editors. I 

was so blessed in reading it, knowing the 

danger connected with secret orders to 

religious people. 

—Revivalist and Bible Advocate. 

It is the unwritten law of the Republic 
that no man must run for office till he 
has ridden the goat and bears the mark 
of the beast. It is not for the weaker 
vessel to ride a goat — the goat is not rid- 
den with a side saddle. No woman run- 
neth for office, O Lemuel, for no woman 
hath skill to ride a goat. It is plain that 
the woman cannot be a statesman. The 
ship of State is not run with weaker ves- 
sels. But the king giveth his eyes to a 
bandage. He putteth his neck in the 
cable tow. He arrays himself in night 
garments. He rideth the goat like a 
nightmare. He goeth forth armed with 
grips and passes, and anon he maketh 
war, and winneth fame. He contendeth 
in court for the honor which is his due. 
But Queen Bodice is the weaker vessel. 
She weareth the Red Cross — she carrieth 
mercy to the sick. She gives a supper. 
She teacheth a class. She runneth a mis- 
sion. She reareth the walls of Zion. She 
helpeth on the kingdom with money. 
Her lord is often too weary with great 
interests to go to service. He readeth the 
"Sunday" paper. He writeth checks. He 
getteth the glory of a live church. It is 

not meet that women should have glory. 
—Christian Instructor. 


Dr. Theodore L. Cuyler, of New York, 
is said to have related the following story, 
an account of a conversation with a ne- 
gro clergyman regarding the condition of 
his church : 

"We asked an old colored preacher 
how his church was getting on, and his 
answer was: 'Mighty poor, mighty poor, 
brudder.' We ventured to ask the trou- 
ble, and he replied: 'De 'scieties. Dey 
is just drawin' all de fatness and marrow 
outen de body and bone of de Lord's 
body. We can't do nuffin' without de 
'sciety. There is de Lincum 'Sciety, wid 
Sister Jones and Brudder Brown to run 
it. Sister Williams mus' march right in 
front of de Daughters of Rebekah ; den 
dar is de Dorcases, de Marthas, Daugh- 
ters of Ham and Liberian Ladies.' 'Well, 
you have your brethren to help in 



July, 1902. 

church,' we suggested. "No sah, dar am 

de Masons, de Oddfellows, de Sons of 

Ham, and de Oklahoma Promis' Land 

Pilgrims. Why, brudder, by de time de 

brudders an' sisters pay all de dues, an' 

tend all de meetin's der is nuffin' left for 

Mount Pisgah Church but jist de cob. De 

co'n has all been shelled off and frowed 

to de speckled chickens.' " 

— India Watchman, Bombay, India. 


The position of the Christian Conserv- 
ator is fully known to be in opposition to 
any and all institutions that cannot bear 
the calcium light of investigation. The 
agitation for open methods is growing. 
A secret is at once a suspicious institu- 
tion. Why secret? If there is nothing 
wrong in it, then it must be that there 
is everything right in it. Then why put 
it under the ban of secrecy ? What charm 
can there be for a company of men to 
lock themselves behind closed doors 
from their fellow men in the name of 
some secret society and there transact 
business which they claim is no body 
else's concern ? Many secret society peo- 
ple are desirous to abandon all secrecy 
and make the lodges open so as to re- 
move suspicions and make them crea- 
tures of education by removing all that 
is objectionable and adding all that is 
essential. Is not the Church of Jesus 
Christ enough for those who want to do 
good unto all men and especially unto 

the household of faith ? 

—Christian Conservator of Dayton, Ohio. 


Q. What was the origin of Freema- 
sonry ? A. All critical authorities of any 
reliabilitv state that the institution of 
Freemasonry originated June 24, 1717, 
in London, England, though Modern 
Speculative Masonry may have been an 
outgrowth of the operative or practical 
Masonry of the Middle or Dark Ages 
(see the Encyclopaedia Britannica, 9th 
Edition, Volume IX., page 747, 748 and 
749 ; and Johnson's Universal Cyclopae- 
dia, Volume V., page 592). Uncritical 
writers pretend, from vague legends and 
analogies, to trace back this modern in- 

stitution to the building of Solomon's 
Temple, the Flood, and even to the Cre- 
ation ! The heathen world has long been 
and is now pervaded by secret oath- 
bound societies, the most of which are of 
a diabolical nature. 
—Gospel Messenger of Williamston, N. C. 


He is as heroic who will tell lodge- 
room devotees of the inefficacy of their 
ritualism, the insufficiency of their moral 
codes to save, as he Who stands on the 
steps of Indian temples and tells the im- 
potency of gods graved by human hands, 
while heathen jeer. 
—Christian Standard. 


The Chicago Inter Ocean of the 8th 
instant contained the following dispatch, 
dated Jerusalem, March 7, 1902 : "One 
hundred Freemasons, representing every 
grand lodge in North America, will hold 
a meeting at King Solomon's Quarries 
under the auspices of the Royal Solomon 
Mother lodge of Jerusalem." 

Presumably these representatives of 
the Masonic brotherhood are "traveling 
east m search of light." "Light" they 
certainly need if they are so dense in con- 
sequence of what was taught them un- 
der hoodwink and cable-tow in the lodge 
as to suppose that Freemasonry, which, 
in its present form, originated in 17 17 in 
a London grog shop, is descended from 
King Solomon. That it imitates the pa- 
gan mysteries of a remote antiquity and 
perpetuates in substance the corrupt and 
idolatrous worship of Isis and Osiris can 
probably be established ; but these are 
practically the only "ancient" features of 
this so-called "ancient order." The sys- 
tem is no more descended from King 
Solomon than from the man in the moon, 
— Free Methodist. 

Each of us may be sure that if God 
sends us on stony paths he will provide 
us with strong shoes and will not send us 
out on any journey for which he does not 
equip us well. — Dr. Alexander McLaren. 


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President Concordia Lutheran College 

Professor of Dogmatic Theology 

President German Evangelical Synod of Missouri 


Not Now Discussed. ................... 113 

Story of a Momentous Decision. . . . ... . . 114 

Masons Should Petition Congress 116 

Masonic Murders!— No. 1 11? 

Crow's Society of Good Morals. . ... 117 

Will Fight the Street Garniral 118 

Elks Find an Advocate in Xenia, Ohio. . 118 

His Titles 119 

Trifling . . . . 119 

Order of Chosen Friends 119 

Broad, Rich Acres . 120 

Eminent Authority 120 

Dr. Hunt's Position ... 121 

Masonic Terms Need Interpreting. . . . ^. 122 

Masonic Bible 123 

T. Wildey 123 

Inside Dissatisfaction & 124 

Uncertain Insurance. 124 

Wheaton College 128 

Place Beer Keg on Bible 126 

College Students 126 

Student Shot in Hazing Bee 126 

Lay Murder to Highbinder 126 

Notes by the Way. .. 127 

Seceder from Yowman Order. 128 

President Blanchard's Appeal 128 

Secret Societies 129 

Sustain Davidson in the South 130 

An Oddfellow's Widow .7 130 

Eld. I. Bennett Trout (Portrait) 130 

Stoddard in the Harvest Field. 182 

Rev. William Fenton's Letter ...... 133 

Funeral by Woman's Club. 135 

Trade and Labor Unions. 135 

From Stephen Merritt 142 

From Atlanta, Ga. — An Appeal. ........ 142 

Individual Responsibility 142 

Vengeance Executed 142 

Fraternal Associations Hit.:.. ...... 143 



PRICE.— Per year, in advance, $1.00; three months, oh 
trial, twenty-five merits; single copies, 10 cents. 

■ i 

DISCONTINUANCES. — We find that a large number 
of our subscribers prefer not to have their sub- 
scriptions Interrupted and their files broken In 
case tihey fail to remit before expiration. It Is 
therefore assumed, unless notification to discon- 
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Interruption in his series. Notification to dis- 
continue at expiration can be sent in at any 
time during the year. 

PRESENTATION COPIES.— Many persons subscribe 
to friends. In such cases, if we are advised that 
a subscription is a present and not regularly 
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to send no bill for the ensuing year. 

Address all letters pertaining to the 
Christian Cynosure, or to the interests of 
the National Christian Association, to 
the general secretary and treasurer, 
Wm. I. Phillips, 221 West Madison 
Street, Chicago, III. 




Must Be Temperate and Competent. 

Xhe factory is pleasantly situated in a 
Western Pennsylvania town that has all 
modern city conveniences, graded 
schools, churches, good society and con- 
venient to colleges. Low house rent. 
Factory runs the year round, pays high- 
est wages, and has not missed a pay roll 
in twenty years. 

No Sabbath Labor Whatever. 

The factory is owned by fair-minded 
Christian gentlemen who treat their 
workmen with every confidence and re- 
spect. Men are wanted who are in prin- 
ciple opposed to secret conspiracy and 
lodge control of either employe or em- 
ployer. The situations offered are per- 

For further information address, with 
three references, " Manufacturer, " care of 
the editor of this paper, 221 West Madi- 
son street, Chicago, 111. 


".Ictus answered him, — I spake opeuly to the world; and in secret have I said nothing." Joud 18:20. 




The Christian Cynosure. 

Official Organ of the National 
Christian Association. 



22i West Madison St., Chicago. 

Entered at the Postoffice. Chicago, 111., as second 
<;lass matter. 

We give our readers this month an 
impression of one of the distinguished 
Lutheran educators of this country, 
President Franz Pieper, professor of 
dogmatic theology, and ' president of 
Concordia Lutheran College in St. Louis 
and president of the General Missouri 
Synod. He has given to The Cynosure 
the following as his testimony and the 
position of the Lutheran Church : 

'The German Evangelical Lutheran 
Synod of Missouri, Ohio, and other 
States, recognizes lodg'ism as diametric- 
ally opposed to the Christian religion and 
contrary to the best interests of the 
State. The very essence of the Christian 
religion is the doctrine of salvation by 
grace of God through faith in Christ's vi- 
carious atonement ; the religion of the 
lodge is salvation by man's own efforts. 
These two are incompatible. One can- 
not hold the Christian religion and the 
lodge religion at the same time. The 
lodge is contrary to the best interests of 
the State, because the natural tendency 
of its oaths and obligations is to hinder 
or defeat the execution of justice." 

Dear Brother Phillips : Two dollars 
from the Lord for the work the National 
Christian Association is doing. Use it 
as the Lord tells you to. Watch and 
pray much. Don't be discouraged. Don't 
let the dead flies in the shape of nonsense 
get into the Cynosure. Glory to God , 
He is answering prayer and will put 
down all the works of darkness in His 
own time. I love and pray for this 
work. I can't write for the magazine, 
but, as one said in the paper, I want you 
to know which side I am on. I am on 
God's and the Cynosure's side. Dear 
friends of the Cynosure, by prayer keep 
your hearts filled with the Spirit of Je- 
sus. For good reasons my name is 
withheld ; perhaps you will know some- 
time. CHERE AMIE. 


'"Whether Solomon was a Freemason oi 
not, whether some of the apostles of the 
Lord were Freemasons or not. we need not 
now discuss. The origin of the Order is lost 
in those clouds which envelope the history 
of, ages long since gone by." 
— j Rev. Dr. Hunter, of New Orleans, a Mason, 

but not a Sir Knight, in an address to two 

comma nderies in his church. 

Most history grows cloudy when 
pushed back beyond facts. It is not safe 
for the historian to wander too far anions 
clouds from which he may not make a 
safe return. 

Really, a church is the place for truth 
and not for discussing the Mason ically 
repudiated claim that Solomon was lit- 
erally a Freemason. In building shrines 
for the heathen gods of his foreign wives 
he was virtually Masonic, but" that he 
was in the plain modern sense a Free- 
mason is too absurd for discussion in 
church or lodge or anywhere. That in 
bold plainness is not the Masonic claim 
concerning Solomon. 



August, 1902. 




fi l tell you, Sadie, there is no religion 
in this town !'•' 

The Rev. Arthur Raymond, after an 
abrupt entrance into the cosy little par- 
sonage, was removing hat and overcoat 
with impatient haste. It was a cold win- 
ter's night, but the fair hair curled in 
damp rings on his perspiring brow. 

"An audience of fifty ; only three adult 
church members ; the rest a mob of whis- 
pering, tittering youngsters! The choir 
behaved like Sancho, as Miss Warren 
took pains td tell me, with her usual 
readiness to impart encouraging infor- 
mation !" 

Mrs. Raymond, a dainty little woman 
in trailing folds of soft crimson, had ad- 
vanced to welcome her husband. She 
hovered about him with little tender 
touches as he stood by the fire warm- 
ing his chilled fingers. 

"I must get hold of the men of this 
town ! Harrington does, somehow. He 
goes everywhere and attends every- 

"He can't preach as you can," said the 
young wife proudly. 

"Oh ! of course a man who is always 
out can't have time to prepare sermons ; 
he has to talk off from the top of his 
mind. But these people like it just as 
well. What they want is not learning nor 
piety, but " 

Here he paused to drink a cup of hot 
milk brought him by his thoughtful wife, 
after which he allowed himself to be 
tucked up snugly on the lounge beneath 
a gay coverlet. 

"I've concluded, Sadie, to join the Odd 
Fellows to-morrow night. That's one se- 
cret of Harrington's popularity. I must 
do something to reach the men !" 

"It's too bad that you must sacrifice 
another of your precious evenings ! It's 
lonely for me without you when baby is 

The Rev. Arthur Raymond's reply to 
this remark left no doubt in his wife's 
mind as to his personal preferences in the 

matter of spending his evenings. "But 
you know," he remarked for the third 
time, "I must get hold of the men." 

At this point the weary young minis- 
ter laid aside his cares to listen while 
his wife read aloud to him from a favor- 
ite poet. Gradually the tense features re- 
laxed, the eyes closed, the hand slipped 
from his wife's, and he was asleep. 

?)c >K ^c % ;jc ^s 


When he returned to consciousness, 
he was sitting in his study. It was still 
Sunday night, and his watch, lying be- 
side him, indicated a few minutes before 
midnight. He roused from a long rev- 
erie and looked about him with a strange 
sensation of awe, which deepened as he 
found that he was not alone ! 

His visitor occupied a chair beside the 
desk at which the minister sat, and 
seemed to be gazing upon him with sol- 
emn, yet tender, compassion. 

The Rev. Arthur Raymond's subse- 
quent account of his guest's appearance 
was somewhat confused and contradic- 
tory. According to this account, he had 
the saddest yet the keenest eyes ever 
seen in human face, and the firm mouth 
was softened with curves of infinite ten- 
derness. Details of complexion, hair and 
dress seem to have made no impression 
on the minister's mind. His glance fell 
beneath the mild scrutiny of those deep 
eyes. Instantly there came a thrill of 
recognition. He would have fallen upon 
his knees had not his guest graciously 
extended a detaining hand. 

"I am to spend a week in Arborville," 
he began, in a voice that "fell softer than 
snows on the brine." Naturallv, I wish 
to spend it with my closest friends. There 
are seven churches in this place. I shall 
spend one day with each of the ministers. 
To-morrow" — he glanced at the watch, 
whose hands that instant met at twelve 
— "to-day, rather, I am to be with you." 

The whole Gospel story flashed 
through the minister's mind as he looked 
upon the divine countenance of his 
guest, but clearest of all, the record of 
the Lord's self-invitation to the home of 
Zaccliheus : "And when they saw it, 
they all murmured, saying, That he was 
gone to be guest with a man that is a 
sinner." "What is my sin? What repar- 
ation have I to make?" thought the 
young minister, with a vague uneasiness. 

August, 1902. 



"I would have you break no engage- 
ments and neglect no duties on my ac- 
count," said his guest, smiling. "I will 
go with you on your various missions. 
What is the day's program?" 

He raised his eyes as he spoke to a 
card on the wall bearing the date, Mon- 
day, Jan. 20, and read: ''Ministers' meet- 
ing 10:30 a. m." 

"I shall be very glad to accompany 
you to that. But first ?" 

"I don't rise very early Monday morn- 
ings, I'll confess," said the minister. 
"After breakfast, a half hour or so in my 
study, and then down town, where I get 
the mail and do various errands on the 
way to ministers' meeting." 

"Will my presence be a hindrance to 

"Not in the least. I shall be glad of 
your company. This afternoon, too, 
when I am to call on one or two parish- 
ioners, particularly an old lady who fell 
Saturday and broke her arm." 

"And to-night?" The guest indicated 
the card, which bore the mystic letters : 
T. O. O. F." 

"You wouldn't care to go there. It's 
nothing of consequence. It can just as 
well be postponed a fortnight," stam- 
mered the minister in manifest confusion. 

"Postpone nothing on my account. 
All that interests you interests me." 

"This wouldn't interest you, I'm sure" 
— with growing embarassment — "it's on- 
ly a secret society !" A swift remem- 
brance crossed his mind of the words, 
"In secret have I said nothing." "Yon 
see," he resumed, awkwardly, "condi- 
tions have greatly changed. I feel obliged 
to join this organization to come into 
touch with the men of this town, who 
really seem to have no interest in re- 

"You hope, then, by joining them in 
something in which they are interested, 
to arouse an interest in religion?" 

"Exactly," in a relieved tone. 

"Many of these men visit the saloon: 
would vou join them daily in a glass of 

A flush of irritation covered the minis- 
ter's face. "That is not a parallel case," 
he said, quickly. 

His visitor wore a smile, but in that 
smile was a challenge. It was as when a 

skillful swordsman salutes his antagon- 
ist, "Defend yourself!" 

"The saloon," began the minister, "is 
a recognized evil. Its perils no thinking 
man can deny." 

"Many will say the same of the lodge." 

"But many more will deny it!" 

"Then right is merely a question of 

Feeling himself worsted on this- 
ground, the minister queried, "Do yovs 
consider intemperance and secretism 
equally wrong?" 

"The question of degree in sin is one- 
that need never be considered. Of two 
moral evils choose neither." 

"But I deny that secret societies are 
necessarily evil !" 

"That throws upon me the burden of 
proof." How strangely contrasted were 
the calm, patient accents of the divine 
guest and his host's obvious lack of com- 
posure ! The former resumed : "I will 
not repeat the stock argument against 
secret societies, because, Arthur, you 
know them — and you have rejected 

It is impossible to express the effect 
upon the minister when his guest pro- 
nounced the word "Arthur." He had 
heard that name in tenderest accents 
from mother, wife, and dearest friend, 
but never uttered with such heavenly 
gentleness as now. It struck conviction 
to his soul. Her Lord's utterance of her 
name brought Mary Magdalen to his 
feet in a tumult of joyful surprise ; in like 
manner Arthur Raymond fell before 
him, but in humiliation. Again the out- 
stretched hand raised him to his seat, 
After a pause his guest continued : 

"Why, then, did you repeatedly assure 
me that I would not care to enter the 
lodge? Conditions, you say, have 
changed. Have I no power to meet 
changed conditions? Or is your Lord 
a bigot? A narrow, Jewish sectary?" 

The minister raised his eyes to the face 
radiant with holiness, and remembered 
the command : "Be ye not unequally 
yoked together with unbelievers, for 
what fellowship hath righteousness witrr 
unrighteousness? and what communion* 
hath light with darkness ? and what con- 
cord hath Christ with Belial?" His sense 
of the incongruity of connecting that 
glorious being with the degrading asso- 



August, 1902. 

ciations of the lodge (for that they are 
degrading he could not be ignorant) was 
apparent in his glance. ■ 

The serious voice of his guest contin- 
ued gently, "You risk contamination for 
yourself where you fear it, for me?" 

"No, no! ( you are beyond and above 
the possibility of defilement !" The min- 
ister's mood as he spoke was that of Pe- 
ter when he said, "Depart from me, for 
I am a sinful man, O Lord !" 

"Do you then" — the guest's voice 
grew softer as his questioning grew 
closer — "do you, then, choose your posi- 
tion with sinners?" 

"But, Lord, vou were the friend and 
associate of sinners !" 

"I dined with repentant publicans who 
had renounced their ill-gotten gains. I 
bade a repentant woman go and sin no 
more. I dined with proud pharisees and 
denounced their hypocrisy. Will your 
lodge associations be of this kind ■?" 

The minister shifted his ground. "Har- 
rington, the pastor of the Christian 
church, is counted very pious, and he is 
an active lodgeite." 

The visitor was silent, and the minis- 
ter continued after an embarassing pause, 
"He's building up his church, too. It 
has more members than any other in 

Still the guest was silent. 

The minister resumed, a little bitterly: 
"I can't say I envy him, though. His 
members are the riff-raff of the town, and 
joining the church doesn't seem to 
chanuge them much, so far as I can see. 
Harrington approves of everybody and 

Still that unbroken silence. 

"It's possible for a minister to build 
up his church in an intelligent and dis- 
criminating way by getting in the solid 
men of the town, men who will be a real 
help to the church. The mayor of the 
town attends my church and contributes 
largely. I'm hoping to get him to join 
in time." 

Again there was no response. 

The young minister looked up in 
sheer desperation, to meet the sad disap- 
proval of those penetrating eyes. 

"You can't understand it !" groaned 
the minister. "You never were tempted 

Instantly there was unrolled before his 

eyes the panoramic view of "the king- 
doms of the world and the glory of 
them." He stood in thought on the ex- 
ceeding high mountain and witnessed 
the Tempter's dazzling offer to his Lord. 

"Yes," said his guest, responding to 
his unspoken thought, "it was the same 
temptation — the world promised for a 
few moments' worship of the devil. What 
is the worship of the lodge but devil- 
worship? What. other motive than am- 
bition takes you there?" 

There was a long pause. The minis- 
ter's face was buried in his hands. 

"Arthur, Arthur, behold, Satan hath 
desired to have you that he may sift you 
as wheat ; but I have prayed for thee 
that thy faith fail not." 

The head remained bowed, even when 
a touch o<f divine tenderness fell upon it. 

The next evening, however', the Rev. 
Arthur Raymond astounded his would- 
be brethren of the lodge by telling them 
that he had decided not to join them, and 
invited them to come to church the next 
Sunday and hear his reasons. 

His text on that occasion was, "I de- 
termined not to know anything among 
you save Jesus Christ and him crucified." 


That Is, if Masonic Righteousness Will 
Exalt a Nation. 

The common gavel is an instrument made 
use of by operative masons to break off the 
corners of rough stones, the better to fit them 
for the builders' use; but we. as Free and 
Accepted Masons, are taught to make use 
of it for the more noble and glorious purpose 
of divesting our hearts and consciences of all 
the vices and superfluities of life; thereby fit- 
ting our bodies, as living stones, for that 
spiritual building, that house not made with 
hands, eternal in the heavens.— Webb's Free- 
Masons' Monitor, page 21. 

Masons should petition Congress to 
manufacture a thousand carloads of com- 
mon "gavels," and distribute them gra- 
tuitously to all the inhabitants of Uncle 
Sam's dominions in order that all the 
people may become righteous and God's 
word verified, viz.: that "Righteousness 
exalteth a nation." 

Then when any person begins to lie, 
swear, cheat, steal or violate any or all 
the commandments in the decalogue, he 

August, 1002. 



can give himself a few raps with his 
gavel, and in an instant become free of 
all his vices up to date, 
-.jj^very person should constantly have 
his gavel with him and if he has vicious 
thoughts rap his head; if his feet are 
swift to run into mischief rap his feet ; if 
his hands shed innocent blood, rap his 
hands ; if his tongue utters slanders or 
his mouth lies, rap them ; and desperate 
cases may need so many hard raps that 
wraps may be needed to bind up the 
broken-hearted. — S. M. Good, Ex-High 

willow by the water courses." Priest 
was murdered for being concerned with 
Pritchard in the same publication. 




The first revelation of Masonry, after 
its establishment in 1717, was by Pritch- 
ard in 1730. The publication of his "Ma- 
sonry Dissected" produced an extraor- 
dinarv excitement. The public feeling 
was shocked with the fooleries of its cere- 
monies and the wickedness of its penal- 
ties. Pritchard's life was sought ; and 
he was forced to conceal himself from 
their vengeance for a length of time. 
During his concealment it was reported 
that he was murdered ; but when he af- 
terwards appeared in public, the Masons 
took advantage of the report to promote 
their own designs — said he was absent 
selling his book, and having made his 
fortune had returned. He was subse- 
quently cruelly murdered, and the pre- 
vious report covered the deed, the peo- 
ple supposing it to be a hoax — the un- 
truth in the former case discrediting the 
truth in the latter. The revelation of 
Pritchard, however, for a time sunk Ma- 
sonry in England, but the revelation be- 
gan to be discredited by the tricks of 
the fraternity (they pretending to publish 
them), it again got up and spread its in- 
fluence. When it was known as a fact 
that the Masons had murdered Pritch- 
ard, the public indignation rose to a great 
height in London and over the British 
empire. In 1736 to 40, "Freemasonry," 
says Mr. Ward, "was the scoff of the ap- 
prentice boys of London. They came 
out with savage ornaments, and paraded 
the street in ridicule of Masonry ; but 
the society, by a special vote, suspended 
its festival ceremonies, suffered the storm 
to pass, and grew all the while like a 

Once upon a time in the beautiful land 
of somewhere, a land where the corn 
grows the best in the world, the crows 
organized a society of good morals. After 
due deliberation this society sent off and 
secured a preacher. Arrived upon the 
ground the preacher found the society 
rather small, there were not many of the 
crows in that vicinity deeply interested in 
good morals. But he began his work, 
nevertheless ; stray crows from the woods 
began to drop in upon the service and the 
cause of good morals in the little com- 
munity seemed upon the whole not to be 
standing still. In evidence of this let me 
tell you a story. There were two of the 
ladv crow members of that society who 
were so hilarious in their feelings that 
they would go out to the woods and 
dance with the wild crows there. 

They would dance all night, 
To the broad daylight, 
And go home with the gentlemen crows 
in the morning. Now some of the wise 
old crows thought this was not exactly 
right in members of a society of good 
morals and came to the preacher to speak 
about the matter and see if something 
could not be done to redeem the honor of 
the society. But the preacher replied that 
since there was no law against dancing in 
the society he did not see what could be 
done in the way of discipline, but as he 
certainly thought it was wrong for crows 
•belonging to a society of good morals to 
dance, he would preach upon the subject 
and make the matter as plain as he could. 
This he did with all his might, and as a 
result the crows who heard him that day 
all went home looking very wise. 

But a number of the crows belonging 
to this society of good morals were not 
satisfied with it alone and therefore join- 
ed two other societies organized for 
neighborliness and insurance. The one 
society was composed all of gentlemen 
crows and the other of lady crows most- 
ly. Xow it came to pass that, as the 
great majority of these societies did not 
belong to this society of good morals, 



August, 1902. 

they resolved upon a great banquet and a 
.ball. For this banquet they collected a 
;great store of food, one hundred ears of 
corn, for meat three hundred worms and 
<one hundred grubs and a crow orchestra, 
all at great expense, while the society of 
good morals was very poor. Now the 
crow preacher looked upon all this with 
great surprise. "What," he said, "is it pos- 
sible that the members of this society of 
good morals who have called me to 
preach to them are going to be mixed up 
in a dance where half the wild crows of 
the woods will be present to laugh all 
their fine morals to scorn !" 

But the dance went on. Some of his 
people said, "Yes, I danced. It was not 
;a ball, you know, but a select society," 
and at that all the wild crows of the 
■woods went off into the greatest guffaw 
ever heard in that "neck of woods." Oth- 
ers said we did not dance we only looked 
on and enjoyed the fun. When they said 
this all the wild crows put their heads 
(down in the bushes and tried to act as if 
they were looking for worms, but they 
'were actually laughing until their sides 
■were sore. Still others said, "We did not 
stay for the dance ; we went home after 
the banquet ; we don't believe in dancing 
and we did not vote for it, and we are 
not to blame." 

But the old preacher shook his head 
and said, "Be not partakers of other 
men's evils." "Let not your good be evil 
spoken of." "The members of a firm are 
responsible for the acts of the firm, even 
if they vote against- them." But the 
crows were too excited to hear him ; they 
rose and circled in the air above him and 
cried out, "We didn't vote for it! We 
-didn't do it, caw, caw, caw !" and they 
kept up this till the poor old preacher 
was both deaf and dumb. Then some of 
the crows came down upon a tree, 
hopped uneasily about for a while, and 
then turning their heads toward the 
preacher a little, shamefacedly said, 
""Let's have a revival." And the old crow 
preacher, rather sad-hearted and not 
over-confident, replied "Amen." 


These are the words of an "O'er true 


Elgin Pastors to Ask Courts to Prevent 
Affair of Elks. 

(Special to The Record-Herald.) 
Elgin, 111., 'May 7.— The street fair ana 
carnival planned by the Elks for the latter 
part of August may not occur on account of 
unexpected opposition. The Elgin Ministerial 
Association, including all the pastors of the 
city, propose to prevent it. Last fall's street 
carnival, the ministers declare, was demor- 
alizing in every way. They will ask the 
courts to test the city's right to grant the 
use of the streets for this purpose. To-mor- 
row they will hold a meeting with a number 
of leading business men, who have promised 
their aid. 


Laughter is the sun which drives win- 
ter from the human face. — Victor Hugo. 

Dear Cynosure : When passing through 
Xenia, Ohio, my attention was called to 
a sermon delivered by Rev. Bagnall, of 
that place, to the order of Elks. 

This lodge is reported as being very 
successful in entrapping young men, and 
has evidently been using his sermon as a 
sort of a campaign document. We are 
aware, of course, that so-called ministers 
of the Christian religion have advocated 
almost every sin the Bible condemns, but 
this is the first one we have ever heard of 
who would advocate this devil-begotten, 
hell-bound, society called Elks. Its ori- 
gin, its history, its workings, its teach- 
ings, and its destiny are of the world, the 
flesh, and the devil. It was* brought into 
being by the convivial, has been run by 
the theatrical tribes, lives on the carnival 
and dance, with all the degradation that 
attend these vices. Whatever secrets it 
may attempt to conceal, these are not its 
secrets ; they are well known, indisputa- 
ble facts. 

Possibly my disgust for a man claiming 
to be an ambassador for Christ, who in- 
vites to his church such a thing of iniquity 
that he may praise and assist to entrap 
young men, is so great that I can not 
calmly and charitably consider what he 

This sermon aroused the indignation of 
many. It should arouse every man, wom- 
an and child in Xenia who loves God, 
home and their fellowman. When a thing 
like this comes sneaking into a town it's 

August, 1902. 



bad enough, but to be heralded by pulpit 
and press, who can estimate the iniquity ? 

What would you think should be the 
text chosen to praise a thing like this? 
Here is the one that was taken, Rev. 22 : 
1, "He shewed me a pure river of life, 
clear as crystal, proceeding out of the 
throne of God and of the Lamb." This 
beautiful text was applied to those pres- 
ent connected with this abominable insti- 

This man said, "O, let us all try to be 
the salt of the earth. Let us try to be 
the light of the world. O, there is no 
end to the good that you gentlemen can 
do in this city. There is no home 
in the city that may not be the better 
and the purer for you. There is no heart 
that may not be made lighter for the man- 
hood that shines in your lodge." Then 
follows a lot more misapplied credit 
which would, we should think, make the 
hearer (if he believed what the minister 
said) go away with the feeling that after 
all the greatest thing on earth is to be- 
long to this company of gentlemen who 
dance, attend theater, and spree around 
generally, all to make the homes in Xenia 
purer, and the hearts of its people lighter. 
When water runs up hill, when darkness 
becomes light, when sin ceases to pollute, 
then, and not till then, will the Elks make 
Xenia or any town better. May God pity 
this unfortunate and help him to repent. 

W. B. Stoddard. 



"Pardon me, my dear man, but could 
I trouble you for a match?" After light- 
ing his cigar, he continued : "Bah, Jove, 
this is a remarkable city. This is me 
first visit to New York, d'ye know? I'm 
a deucid stranger, but on the other side 
I'm a person of importance. I am Sit 
Francis Daffy, Knight of the Garter, 
Knight of the Bath, Knight of the Dou- 
ble Eagle, Knight of the Golden Fleece, 
Knight of the Iron Cross. D'ye mind 
telling me your name, me dear man ?" 

Replied he of the auburn hair, in a 
deep, rich brogue : 

"Me name is Michael Murphy, night 
before last, night before that, last night, 
to-night and every other night — Michael 
Murphy." — New York Evening Sun. 

Dr. P. H. Cronin, who was murdered: 
by the Clan-na-Gael in Chicago, had a 
$2,000 certificate in the Royal League. 
His brother has been all these years try- 
ing to obtain the money, but has lost it 
all. Great is secret fraternal charity. 

"The facts in the record show that Dr. 
Cronin had complied with all of the re- 
quirements of the order at the time of his 
death, with the exception of paying one 
assessment levied Jan. 1, 1889. It was al- 
leged by the Royal' League that accord- 
ing to the laws of the order the failure of 
Dr. Cronin to pay this assessment for- 
feited his membership in the organiza- 
tion and the right of his beneficiaries to 
receive any benefits from the Royal 


Rev. Moses Stuart, Professor Andover 
Theological Seminary, wrote: 

"For a long- time I neither knew nor cared 
about the subject (Masonry); but recent at- 
tention to it has filled me with astonishment: 
and as to some things contained in it, with 
horror. The trifling with oaths and with the 
awful name of the ever-blessed God is a 
feature which I cannot contemplate but with 
the deepest distress." 

This is one of the faults of Masonry. 
There is a constant tendency to borrow 
from things sacred in a way that ought to 
be offensive to a reverent mind. 

Akin to this is the suggestion of assas- 
sination with which Masonry is marred. 
Altogether, Masonry is characterized 
either by profanity and sacrilege or by 
trifling. In either case it is too unfit for 
reverent men and by such men it ought 
to be avoided as a combination of evils. 


(Editor's Note. A request comes from Canada 
for information about the "Order of Chosen 

The Encyclopedia of Fraternities says 
that the Order of Chosen Friends is a 
fraternal, beneficient, protective society, 
organized under the laws of Indiana May 
28, 1879, at Indianapolis, Ind., and has 
now over six hundred councils of twenty- 
six thousand members in the United 
States and Canada. 



August, 1902. 

Its Objects. 

Its objects are to unite fraternally ac- 
ceptable white persons of good character, 
steady habits, sound bodily health, and 
reputable calling, wIiq believe in a Su- 
preme Being, to improve their condition 
morally, socially, and materially. 

Its Founders. 

Albert Alcon and T. B. Linn, mem- 
bers of several fraternal orders, and Rev. 
Dr. T. G. Beharrell, a minister of the 
Methodist Church and well known in 
Masonic and Odd Fellow circles, were 
founders and authors of its ritual. 

"Most of the original members were 
members of various leading fraternal 
beneficiary secret societies, and some 
were prominent Odd Fellows and Free 
Masons. It is particularly noteworthy 
that several of the latter were members 
of the higher degrees of Scottish Rite 

Its Location. 

It has councils in Arizona, California, 
Colorado, Connecticut, District of Col- 
umbia, Georgia, Illinois, Kansas, Ken- 
tucky, Maryland, Michigan, Missouri, 
Minnesota, Montana, Nebraska, New 
Jersey, New York, Nevada, North Car- 
olina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Oregon, 
South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennes- 
see, Texas, Virginia, Washington, Wis- 
consin, and in Canada. 


The relation of secret societies to the borne 
is touched upon in an impartial article in 
the North-American Review for May. While 
admitting that there are many elevating and 
ennobling elements in these fraternities, the 
writer declares that "the broad, rich acres 
of man's selfishness are nowhere more care- 
fully fertilized, tended, tilled and reaped 
than in the lodge room." This selfishness is 
seen, not only in seeking pleasure which can- 
not be shared with their wives, and in shut- 
ting them out from their confidence, but also 
in spending enormous sums of money for 
personal gratification. The estimate of the 
author is that probably not less than $250,- 
000,000 are annually spent in this way. 
Shall wives and daughters insist on their 
right to spend dollar for dollar for adorn- 
ment or pleasure the amount given by the 
men of their households for dues, regalia, 
uniforms, plumes, banners, banquets and 
traveling expenses? What shall the "women 
attached" to the 5,400,000 members of secret 

orders in the United States do to maintain 
or reclaim their equal privileges of com- 
panionship, expenditure and conviviality? — 
Congregationalist, May 20, 1897. 

It is when a vice robes itself in the 
phraseology of virtue that it becomes 
more seductive. When the ruder out- 
lines of what unadorned would be noth- 
ing but bare fault are obscured by bor- 
rowed virtues and when passions of the 
soul are concealed from self by plausible 
external things, then license and a free 
rein are liable to make an easier victim. 
If a mean man can substitute insurance 
investment for charity, if he can idealize 
his drinking as fraternal or find in de- 
bauchery the suggestion of ancient mys- 
tery or make cruel deeds rank with jus- 
tice, he has open before him all the wide 
gates of the broad way. inviting man to 
self-deceit and ruin. 


Rev. Charles G. Finney, Oberlin. Ohio, 
wrote : 

"How can we fail to pronounce Freema- 
sonry an anti-Christian institution? For ex- 
ample, 1st. We have seen that its morality 
is unchristian. 2d. Its oath-bound secrecy 
is unchristian. 3d. The administration and 
taking of its oaths are unchristian, and a 
violation of a positive command of Christ. 
4th. Masonic oaths pledge its members to 
commit most unlawful and unchristian 
deeds, a. To conceal each other's crimes, b. 
To deliver each other from difficulty whether 
right or wrong, c. To unduly favor Mason- 
ry in political actions and in business trans- 
actions, d. Its members are sworn to re- 
taliate, and persecute unto death the vio- 
lators of Masonic obligation, e. Freema- 
sonry knows no mercy, but swears its can- 
didates to avenge violations of Masonic ob- 
ligation even unto death, f . Its oaths ' are 
profane, the taking of the name of God in 
vain. g. The penalties of these oaths are 
barbarous and even savage, h. Its teachings 
are false and profane, i. Its design is par- 
tial and selfish, j. Its cere monies are a mix- 
ture of puerility and profanity, k. Its re- 
ligion is deistic. 1. It is a false religion, 
and professes to save men upon other con- 
ditions than those revealed in the Gospel of 
Christ, m. It is an enormous falsehood, n. 
It is a swindle, and obtains money from its 
membership under false pretenses, o. It re- 
fuses all examination, and veils itself under 
a mantle of oath-bound secrecy, p. It is a 
virtual conspiracy against both church and 

August, 1902. 



state. No one, therefore, has ever under- 
taken, and for the plainest reasons none will 
undertake, to defend Freemasonry as it is 
revealed in these books. Their arguments 
are threats, calumny, persecution, assassina- 
tion. Freemasons do not pretend that Free- 
masonry, as revealed in these books, is com- 
patible with Christianity. I have not yet 
known the first Freemason who would af- 
firm that an intelligent adherence to Free- 
masonry, as revealed in these books, is con- 
sistent with a profession of the Christian 
religion. But we know, if we can know any- 
thing from testimony, that these books do 
truly reveal Freemasonry. We have, then, 
the implied testimony of Freemasons them- 
selves, that the Christian church ought to 
have no fellowship with Freemasonry as 
thus revealed, and that those who adhere 
Intelligently and determinedly to such an 
institution have no right to be in the Chris- 
tian church. In our judgment we are forced 
to the same conclusion, we cannot escape 
from it, we wish it were otherwise, we there- 
fore sorrowfully, but solemnly, pronounce 
this judgment. 

Dr. Finney was versed in law and was 
a great preacher and a college president. 
He had been well taught in Masonry be- 
fore he wrote what is quoted above. Prob- 
ably a moderate fraction of the present 
members of Masonic lodges in this coun- 
try are nearly as familiar with the arts of 
the craft as he was while in the lodge. 
He knew Masonry well and knew a deal 
"besides. What he says is worth re-read- 


Replying to Dr. Hunt's defense of the 
Masonic pledge as limited to preserving 
for Master Masons the chastity of women 
closely related to them, the May Cyno- 
sure gave attention to his argument in 
combination with quotations from stand- 
ard Masonic works. It may now be 
worth while to note separately some in- 
ferences from his own position. 

The key word is relation. Masonic 
relations are held 'by Masons only with 
Masons. Those held by them with other 
persons are not Masonic. 

Relations being thus confined within 
the lodge, no obligation extending be- 
yond could remain Masonic. Therefore 
jurisdiction over Masons and their obli- 
gations can extend nowhere outside. 

It is within the lodge walls confining 

Masons and their mutual relations, obli- 
gations between them and jurisdiction 
over them, that Dr. Hunt takes his posi- 
tion. He claims that since outside there 
could have been nothing explicit there 
can be outside nothing implicit. 

Dr. Hunt justly calls the vow limited ; 
its limitation it attributes to lack of juris- 
diction. But there is a secondary lim- 
itation where jurisdiction is not con- 
cerned. A Mason's honor and affections 
are not Masonically guarded beyond a 
narrow range. He has no pledge based on 
his interest in the chastity of his broth- 
er's wife, his sister's daughter or even his 
own sweetheart. This limitation has 
nothing to do with jurisdiction, for that 
is identical. 

Dr. Hunt's position is one from which 
Masonic chastity ceases to be viewed as 
a relation of the. sexes. Women not be- 
ing Masons have no more to do with Ma- 
sonic relations, obligations and jurisdic- 
tion than men who are not Masons. He 
cites the parallel vow not to defraud, a 
vow that is not made on behalf of money, 
but on that of its owners. 

From his position Masonic chastity 
appears not personal but relational. The 
Mason is not pledged to be personally a 
dhaste man. He is pledged to control 
himself and others so as to keep some 
women chaste for some men. That form 
of the pledge which employs the term 
chastity applies it exclusively to the char- 
acter of women and theirs is not Ma- 

It is simple justice to Dr. Hunt to say 
that he appears to accept one inference 
from the position he takes which some 
other Masons might not so freely and 
openly allow. He calls the vow limited 
and does not appear to claim Masonry 
as a sufficient moral system. He leaves 
the impression that he recognizes anoth- 
er law as broader. The limited obliga- 
tion seems to him to leave a clear field 
to an unlimited one. If the nature of the 
case had appeared to him to leave oppor- 
tunity for an unlimited vow and then Ma- 
sonry had made a limited one, we frankly 
believe that Dr. Hunt would not have 
taken his present position. That he now 
believes it the true one and holds it with 
dignity and candor we are glad to recog- 



August, 1902. 


"Esteeming the Bible as the source of 
truth in morals and religion, and believing it 
is a book appertaining to no sect, but the gift 
of our common Father to all His children, 
surely no Mason, however high his rank, 
and whatever his views as to the opinions of 
others, is permitted to divest himself of the 
duty to keep and guard this book as 'The 
Book of the Law' to himself and to his breth- 
ren— 'an indispensable part of the furniture 
of every Lodge'— a landmark— beyond the 
power of any man or body of men to remove 
from its place in the Lodge.— G. Brice, Lou- 
isiana, in The Am. Tyler, June 15, 1899. 

An outsider, unable to perceive .the 
Masonic interpretation of this language 
would naturally be led to suppose Ma- 
sonry to be at least formally Christian in 
its indorsement of the Bible. 

He would also understand the utter- 
ances as expressing a necessary doctrine 
of the Masonic system. The charges 
made by those who discredit Masonry 
would thus be made to appear slanderous 
or ignorant. He might also be unac- 
quainted with writings of other Masons. 

In that case he would set their appar- 
ently plain avowal of loyalty to the B'ible 
only against the outside repesentation. 
But one conclusion would seem possible, 
and that would be that Masonry demand- 
ed that recognition of the Bible in theory 
and form which Christianity demands in 

A Controversy Between Masons. 

It is, however, the fact, on the con- 
trary, that this paragraph is aimed not at 
critics of Masonry, but at those inside the 
order who hold and teach that the Bible 
is not "beyond the power of any man or 
body of men to remove from its place in 
the lodge." 

He is one of those Masons who main- 
tain one view of the matter in opposition 
to those who 1 hold another. He argues 
with Masons, not anti-Masons, or at least 
maintains what he knows is not, but 
thinks ought to be, the universal Mason- 
ic doctrine. A knowledge of this purpose 
in writing is necessary to a full under- 
standing of the paragraph. It must be 
read as antagonizing an opposite Mason- 
ic view clearly held and firmly advocated. 

The Altar. 

There is a definite meaning in the 
phrase, "remove fom its place in the 

lodge," which is not made apparent in 
the paragraph to one not familiar with 

A little knowledge of Masonic doc- 
trine and usage, and in particular of the 
Masonic controversy in which this para- 
graph takes part, makes obvious the 
point in the word "place," and the phrase 
"remove from its place." The dispute 
within the lodge is whether anything else 
than the Bible can lie on the altar for the 
initiate to swear upon. 

The majority of Masons think so; the 
minority, to which Mr. Brice of Louisi- 
ana belongs, thinks not. He may be a 
Christian, desirous of maintaining in the 
lodge an approximate consistency with 
Christianity, but of many other Masons 
it can be said truly, "This people honor- 
eth me with their lips, but their heart is 
far from me." 

Of lodges as a whole it can also be 
said : "I honor my father and ye do dis- 
honor me," while the lodge appears to 
many to come within range of the judg- 
ment : "He that honoreth not the Son 
honoreth not the Father." 

The "Book of the Law" May Be Any One of 
Several Books. 

If one unfamiliar with Masonic cus- 
toms and language were to* read the par- 
agraph he would suppose the word 
"place" to include reference to> the first 
sentence. Possibly the writer himself 
half included this in his own thought, yet 
what he objects to is the claim that the 
"Book of the Law" which must be kept 
in "place" on the altar is not, Masonic- 
ally, the Bible, but whatever book is 
"The book of the law" in that country in 
which a lodge is located. 

This is the touchstone of the contro- 
versy. All turns on definition. Does the 
"Book of the Law" mean "Bible," oi 
does it Masonically mean "that which in 
the country containing the lodge is pop- 
ularly regarded as the book of the law ?" 
On this alone the Masonic controversy 

The author of the paragraph here ex- 
amined positively insists on the first defi- 
nition, while the second is more authori- 
tatively announced. He is right in call- 
ing the book "furniture," as the square 
and compass. One can no more be left 
off the altar than the other. He is inex- 
act in calling the Bible a "landmark." It 

August, 3902. 



is more exact to claim as a landmark 
that every Masonic lodge must include 
in the "furniture" an altar, a square and 
compass, and some "Book of the Law." 

Christianity a "Sect." 

Our supposed reader, to> whom Ma- 
sonry is little known, would fail to get 
the force of the author's meaning, where 
he speaks of the Bible as a "book apper- 
taining to no sect, but the gift of our 
common Father to all his children." The 
reader would understand "sect" to mean 
for example Methodist or Presbyterian, 
and he would assent. 

But evidently the word is here used 
Masonically, and it has a different Ma- 
sonic meaning. To borrow a quotation 
from the Grand Master's official decision 
handed down to the subordinate lodges 
from the Grand Lodge of a kindred or- 
der, the Odd Fellow, "Christianity is a 
sect." This is the Masonic view. Sects 
within Christianity are not referred to in 
this paragraph. 

What is meant by Mr. Brice is that the 
Bible should not lie in its place on the 
altar for oaths to be taken upon by peo- 
ple living in Christian countries alone, 
but should be used for the same purpose 
by Mohammedans, Arabs and East In- 
dian or Chinese heathen as "children" of 
our "common Father." He is not willing 
that Masons should lay on the altar in 
any lodge, wherever located, the Veda or 
Koran. The Bible is not limited to the 
Christian "sect," but must be used to 
swear on and kept in its "place" as altar 
"furniture" by all "children of our com- 
mon Father," Mohammedan, Jewish, or 

We incline to believe that his appeal to 
the landmark assumes his own refuta- 
tion. He could invoke its aid to retain 
the book is indispensable furniture in a 
Jewish or Deistic lodge in Chicago, be- 
cause Chicago is in a country where the 
"Book of the Law" is that one. But, on 
the same principle, he would be obliged 
to give up the Bible for swearing candi- 
dates in Constantinople and Masonically 
claim the place for the Koran. This ap- 
pears to us the only position Masonically 


What Is It? 

"The Bible is properly called a greater 
light of Masonry, for from the center of 
the Lodge it pours forth upon the East, 
the West, and the South its refulgent rays 
of Divine truth. The Bible is used among 
Masons as the symbol of the will of God, 
however it may be expressed. And, there- 
fore, whatever to any people expresses 
that will may be used as a substitute for 
the Bible in a Masonic Lodge. THUS, 
THE KORAN. Whether it be the Gos- 
pels to the Christian, the Pentateuch to 
the Israelite, the Koran to the Mussul- 
man, or the Vedas to the Brahman, it ev- 
erywhere Masonically conveys the same 
idea — that of the symbolism of the Di- 
vine Will revealed to man." 

—Encyclopaedia of Freemasonry, by Albert G. 
Mackey, M. D., Secretary General of the Su- 
preme Council, Thirty-third Degree, for the 
Southern Jurisdiction of the United States. 


It is as great a mercy to be preserved 
in health as to be delivered from sick- 
ness. — John Mason. 

Thomas Wildey, the father, and founder oC 
American Odd Fellowship, was born in Lon- 
don, Eng., on the 15th day of January, 1782, 
and died in Baltimore Oct. 19, 18G1, in the 
80th year of his age, revered, honored and 
loved as few men are. He won to himself 
an imperishable fame as the founder of the 
greatest fraternal order of modern times.— 

In some of its features Mr. Wildey 's 
work was useful ; in others not so good. 
The insurance element, providing patrons 
a claim on certain benefits under certain 
conditions, is often serviceable. It may 
be crude, and overloaded with expensive 
features that discount the business, yet 
sometimes, and to some people, it proves 
a help through a tight place. The life in- 
surance sometimes added, is of poor and 
unsatisfactory quality, but for this de- 
partment probably Mr. Wildey cannot be 
called responsible. The other sort of in- 
surance was his aim. 

The attempt to make the business a 
kind of religious ceremonial affair, and 
to antagonize Christianity in a sort of 



August, 1902. 

side issue, is an excrescence that seriously 
damages the scheme. Regular insurance 
of all sorts lets politics and religion alone, 
but second rate insurance pads out its 
business fallacies and inadequacies by 
mouthings about citizenship, morals and 

Second rate insurance is faulty enough 
alone without second rate loyalty and 
second rate piety — if words so sacred can 
be used in connection with business of the 

O. F. business goes out of its way to 
inculcate Deism. This side show is an 
exhibition of organized hypocrisy. Mr. 
Wildey may have been a good black- 
smith, but there seems to be nothing in 
his business scheme to prove that he was 
better than a second rate theologian. 


One benefit resulting from conventions 
like that held in Chicago Avenue Church 
in M'ay is the glimpse it gives into the 
mood of mind observable in men who are 
inside the lodge. This is beyond mere 
detail and ceremony, not much of which 
is exposed in such a convention. It goes 
down to the deep experience of a human 
spirit and reveals the heart. This is, if 
possible, a more valuable revelation, be- 
cause of its bearing on the "good man" 

One statement made by Rev. J. P. 
Stoddard should receive judicious atten- 
tion. It bears the authority of a thor- 
oughly informed reporter of Masonic 
facts. His figures are reliable when he 
tells us that more than a third — one in 
three — of initiates who advance three de- 
grees do not afterward continue active 
Masons. We can add to this those who 
abandon the lodge after one degree, and 
thus never become, like those to whom 
he confines 'his estimate, full Blue Lodge 
or Master Masons. He cites real Ma- 
sons and reports the practical withdrawal 
of a third and more. 

To account for this, one necessarily 
looks into the mood of the Masonic 
mind. Of less than two-thirds who re- 
main some must 'have felt in a degree the 
pressure of motives that have been strong 
enough to force one in three out. Count 
out indifference and circumstances and 

still there must appear genuine motive 
left. Or, if indifference itself be again 
considered, that is a mood to* be account- 
ed for. 

What such a mood or motive may be 
in the case of some good men is suggest- 
ed by another item in the same conven- 
tion address. A preacher who was drawn 
into some kind of lodge, probably not 
Masonic, but of similar quality, was dis- 
appointed by the character of the initia- 
tion. He was one of those men to whom 
the ritual itself is repellant on account of 
repulsive features. 

Presently he was invited to a card par- 
ty given by the society of which he was 
a part. Then came a notice of a stag 
party in which this minister was to be 
one of the admiring stags looking on 
while women not over dressed danced 
before them after the Midway style, or 
as Salome danced before Herod and his 
guests. One point of sudh dances is the 
exhibition not of dry goods but the lack 
of them. The minister did not go. He 
did not go to lodge meetings or respond 
to the grip of the brethren. This item of 
convention report gives a glimpse into 
one lodge mood of mind. 


Recent articles must have made it ob- 
vious that our objection to fraternal in- 
surance is not merely a prejudice in- 
cluded within a sweeping dislike of all 
insurance. Rejection of secret orders 
does play a part, but we still further ob- 
ject to the kind of insurance adopted, 
whether it be secret or open, as behind 
the times, inefficient and comparatively 
unprofitable. With regular insurance it 
cannot bear comparison merely as busi- 
ness of value to the insured. 

First, it makes fewer and inferior 
promises ; then feebler provision for ful- 
filling them. Leaving aside various 
things that old line insurance will do for 
its patrons, we turn to the single thing 
that fraternal insurance appears to at- 
tempt. That one is collecting and dis- 
tributing assessments for death claims. 

Regular insurance fixes the amount of 
death claim, and that of premium, be- 
forehand, making each a part of the con- 

Fraternal insurance promises to call 

August, 1902. 



assessments and pay the proceeds to the 
beneficiary ; providing, however, that, if 
the proceeds prove greater than an 
amount named in the certificate, the ex- 
cess shall not be paid. 

If the proceeds are less than the 
amount named, their payment fully dis- 
charges the claim. Thus, a few hundred 
dollars will settle for a two thousand-dol- 
lar certificate, in case they are the whole 
response to an assessment. This is in- 
definite .and insecure business. No one 
knows what his premium will be at a fu- 
ture time. How much more he will 
have to pay or cease to be insured he 
does not know. Patrons of an old line 
mutual cannot fail to know. In ordinary 
business, men like to know what they 
must pay and what they can get. Such 
uncertainty as is provided for by the 
very terms of a fraternal certificate, and 
also demonstrated by innumerable cases 
of. disappointment, would break up any 
other business. 

Another uncertainty is forfeiture. The 
loss or abandonment of fraternal insur- 
ance is appalling. In the year 1898 al- 
most 10 per cent of fraternal certificates 
lapsed. Their holders had been paying 
in and supporting the system, but noth- 
ing was now to be paid over to their 
beneficiaries. The loss was mainly on 
the side of patrons ; the gain wholly on 
that of the companies. Savings banks 
would have been better. In that year a 
little less than one in four, or almost 230 
in every thousand, of the certificates of 
one order lapsed. This is terrible busi- 
ness, and the worse because it involves 
widows and orphans. 

Old line policies need not lapse, and in 
many cases cannot. Fraternal insurance 
is a treadmill on which one must keep 
stepping or fall. If increasing assess- 
ments force him out, or if age or a long 
final illness prevents his continuing to 
pay, all is as if he had never been in- 
sured. Such insurance is "like a sum- 
mer-dried fountain when our need is the 

Fraternal insurance is uncertain not 
only because its cost and product cannot 
be definitely known to the applicant, and 
because, by one means or another, his 
grip on his claim, may, with or without 
his knowledge, slip, but also because he 
is liable to outlive the concern. While 

old line companies are among the most 
stable and enduring business concerns, 
assessment societies are like flowers over- 
taken by frost or leaves sure to fall in 
autumn. The pinch must come some- 
where, and when it grows hard it will 
squeeze members out. 

The natural limit of constituency ar- 
rives ; the company has covered its nat- 
ural territory and captured its natural 
patrons. All members grow older every 
year and the death rate takes on corre- 
sponding proportions. A contingency 
not provided for by the fallacious rate 
schedule has arrived ; there is no surplus 
to tide over an emergency ; no reserve 
to secure the claims. The crush and col- 
lapse are inevitable. Another bubble 
breaks, and another seal is affixed to one 
of the most treacherous schemes that 
ever played vampire to orphan children. 
Uncertain in its terms of engagement, its 
perpetuity of claim, and its tenure of 
existence, fraternal insurance compares 
with real insurance as the waves drifting 
at its base compare with Gibraltar. 

Regarding fraternal insurance as one 
of the great feeders and supports of the 
secret system, we cannot treat it with in- 
difference. We count it a great helper 
of the enemy with which we contend. Its 
own strong enemy is genuine life insur- 

In this we recognize a powerful ally. 
Thousands would probably be kept from 
secret affiliations if they knew the infer- 
iority of fraternal insurance. We have 
here called attention to one feature of 
that inferiority. While not the only one, 
insecurity is a serious fault. It is almost 
a fatal paradox to associate insurance 
with uncertainty. 

The twenty-third psalm is the night- 
ingale of psalms. It is small, of a homely 
feather, singing shyly out of obscurity ; 
but oh ! it has filled the air of the whole 
world with melodious joy greater than 
the heart can conceive ! Blessed be the 
day on which that psalm was born ! — 
Henry Ward Beecher. 

As we must spend time in cultivating 
our earthly friendships if we are to have 
their blessings, so we must spend time 
in cultivating the companionship of 
Christ. — Henry Drummond. 



August, 1902. 


Wheaton, Ills. 

Do you wish your children to secure a 
good, thorough education which will fii 
them for the professional schools or busi- 
ness life? Do you wish them trained to 
active faith in God and his word so tnat 
they may be good soldiers, ever fighting 
for the good, the true and the honorable ? 

If so, send them to WHEATON. Ex- 
penses moderate. Send for a catalogue. • 



Students of Lawrence University Indulge 
in Sacrilegious Pranks. 

(Special to The Record-Herald.) 
Appleton, Wis., May 5.— When the stu- 
dents of the commercial department of Law- 
rence University attempted to enter their 
class rooms this morning they found them 
locked and barricaded. The chapel, too, suf- 
fered from the hilarious spirits of some of 
the students. A large beer keg stood on top 
of the Bible on the desk. It was lettered 
"Phi Sappa Keg." The pranks are laid at 
the door of the members of "Fluta Pi" frater- 
nity. An investigation is being made by the 
faculty and expulsions may follow. 


Some of the Happenings That Occurred 
Last Night to Two Young Men Who Were 
Being Initiated Into the Mysteries of a 
College Fraternity. 

The Western University chapter of Beta 
Phi Sigma, one of the college fraternities, 
last night initiated two new members, and 
bfore it was all over the candidates for 
initiation willingly admitted that "it was 
hot." Who they were was hard to tell. They 
were rigged up in such fashion that probably 
their own parents would not have recognized 
them, and what they looked like after the 
initiation was completed is only a matter of 

The affair was started in Allegheny, but 
before it began the candidates for initiation 
received a taste of what was still to come. 
They were arrayed in foot ball suits, with 
heavy sweaters, and their faces were 
blacked. They they were told to take and 
carry telescopes, which were supposed to 
contain their own garments. Instead, each 
telescope was loaded with about 150 pounds 
of brick. Then the procession was formed, 
and from Allegheny, carrying the telescopes, 

the ones-to-be-initiated were marched to 
Pittsburg. The main streets, of course, were 
used for the route of march, and the proces- 
sion finally wound up at the Hotel Griswold. 
At the office, while the key to a room was 
being secured, one of the candidates, who 
wore suspended on his back a sign which 
read, "Pity the blind," attempted to lean 
against a partition. Immediately he was 
brought to order by the cries of several of 
the society men, who said that leaning was 
not allowed. Then the other one tried to 
place his telesecope on the floor, and he, too, 
was reprimanded. The first one said, "This 
is hot/' whereupon one of the society men 
consoled him by saying that the warmest 
part of the evening was yet to happen. When 
the bellboy tried to show the bunch to the 
elevator his action was immediately vetoed 
by a chorus that yelled, "Let them walk 
up." The room where the initiation was 
concluded is on the top floor and to it, still 
toting the heavily-weighted telescopes, the 
unlucky applicants for society honors were 
compelled to walk. — Pittsburg Times. 


(Special Dispatch to The Sentinel.) 

Madison, Wis'., June 8. — The hazing bee 
which started in a spirit of fun last night had 
an incident which came very near being a 
decided disaster. 

After Harry F. Herrmann, of New London, 
had been ducked in the lake he went home 
and armed himself with a revolver in order, 
as he maintains, to protect himself from any 
further humiliation at the hands of tlit 
crowd of students. While passing the corner 
of Francis and State streets he was "rushed" 
by the crowd, who made an attempt to dis- 
arm him, and in the melee the revolver was 
discharged, the bullet lodging in the leg of 
Philip C. Kopplin, of Lavell, who had gone 
down stairs to see what all the noise was. 

After Herrmann had been disarmed he was 
again taken down to the university boat 
house pier and thrown into the lake for the 
second time. 

The police have not considered the matter 
worthy of notice, and it is not probable that 
the faculty will take any official action be- 
cause it was an accident. 


Indianapolis, Ind., May 6.— The Chinamen 
of this city are in a state of terror as the 
the result of the mysterious murder of Doc 
Lung, a wealthy Chinese laundry man, last 
night. It is the general belief that the crime 
was committed by a Highbinder. 

August, 1902. 



Hero* of #ur JJJor^ 

Elder Quincy Leckrone lectured on 
July 23 at Logansville, Pa., and from 
there he went to Abbottstown and Get- 
tysburg. He will report every month in 
The Cynosure, Deginning with Septem- 
ber. He had seven dates arranged, he 
wrote, before leaving Somerset, O., but 
gave only the one named above. 

One of the least self-sacrificing ways oi 
maintaining the work of the National 
Christian Association is by supporting 
the Christian Cynosure. Hence, do not 
order it discontinued. Make it a part of 
your religious duty to take it, read it, and 
loan it to your neighbors. 

Rev. Dr. Hanna, of Monmouth, 111., 
writes : "Blanchard's article in the last 
Cynosure is worth more than a year's 
subscription, so enclosed find $2.00." 
The Doctor not only pays his subscrip- 
tion into 1904, but heartens the Editor 
and every Cynosure agent. May God 
bless him and all the readers of The 

Rev. J. A. Lee', of Lake Mills, Iowa, 
had quite a discussion not long ago with 
the secret societies. It was carried on 
through the local paper — the Graphic. 
Five of his church members joined secret 
orders, but after the newspaper discus- 
sion three left the lodge and remained 
with the church. Two preferred the 
lodge to the church, and were excom- 
municated. The point that seems to have 
the most effect was the fact that these 
lodges practically taught another way 
of salvation than through Jesus Christ. 
Indeed, it was openly admitted in the dis- 
cussion and claimed that men may be 
saved without faith in Christ. There is 
no doubt that lodge worship is offered to 
demons, as was so clearly shown in Pres- 
ident Blanchard's address, as published 
in last month's Cynosure. 

The editor of the Reformed Presby- 
terian Witness, Rev. R. W. Chesnut, 
mentions incidentally in a letter that in 
their fall meetings of Presbytery there will 
be a conference on the lodge. The sub- 
ject strikes one as odd for a Reformed 

Presbyterian body: "Is Membership in 
Secret Oath-Bound Societies Consistent 
with Membership in the Reformed Pres- 
byterian Church?" It is a fact, however, 
that the congregations of the great ma- 
jority of testifying churches receive little 
or no instruction in this matter. "There- 
fore my people are gone into captivity, 
because they have no knowledge.'' — Is. 
5: 13. Members of the church join the 
lodge and the next step is a lodge de- 
fending pastor for that church. Our Re- 
formed Presbyterian friends are taking, 
the right course. 



Mrs. Stoddard and myself arrived in 
Burlington, Vt., on June 30, and found 
hospitable quarters in a typical New 
England city. Our train from Boston 
had a special car of educators en route to 
a National Convention in Burlington. 

It was stated that about nine hundred 
instructors of American youths were in 
attendance. I gained easy access to 
some of these leaders of thought and 
left over two thousand tracts in the city. 

What a Tract Did. 

Among encouraging incidents was 
that of a man occupying a very conspicu- 
ous and influential position. He was 
busy when I entered the room, but when 
released he greeted me warmly and said : 
"I saw your picture in the last Cynosure 
and recognized you as soon as you came 
in. A year ago I thought well of the 
Masons and intended to join them, but I 
got a little tract that set me to thinking 
and praying over the matter. I soon 
saw that it was all wrong. I have kept 
three young men from joining." 

There are good friends to our cause 
in Burlington, even though it is the seat 
of the Grand Lodge and center of the 
fraternity whirlwind that is sweeping 
over the whole State. 

Rev. "Cyclone'' Taylor and wife were 
very cordial and he assured me of his 
hearty sympathy and of his entire free- 
dom from connection with any secret so- 

After spending a few days with our son 
and daughter at Westford, where Mrs. 
Stoddard is stopping. I returned to the 



August, 1902. 

city for supplies and then went to Heb- 
ron, R. I., where I found warm friends 
on that historic battlefield. Freedom of 
the camp was cheerfully given by Rev. 
Green, in charge, and I improved my op- 
portunity to put literature into the cot- 
tages and into the hands of many who 
were temporarily in attendance. Two of 
the ministers whom I heard spoke very 
decidedly against the lodge and one gave 
an instance of a once successful soul win- 
ner who had been led into apostasy 
through the influence of secret societies. 

Visiting Providence I found myself in 
the midst of a great convention of Bap- 
tist young people. It was estimated 
that there were 3,000 present from out- 
side the city. Failing after due effort to 
find any in authority duly authorized to 
permit or prohibit the distribution of 
tracts, I began my work and distributed 
about 800 of Brother Wesley's "Angel in 
the Lodge Room,'.' when the proper au- 
thorities found me, and asked for my au- 
thority, which I gave as the Constitution 
of the United States. After discussing 
some points involved in that particular 
case they requested me as a personal fa- 
vor to desist, which I did, and repaired 
to the sidewalk, where I soon exhausted 
my supplies. 

I now have my grip packed for Doug- 
las, where I shall, D. V., begin work this 
evening and continue as the Lord leads. I 
am thoroughly convinced of two things, 
viz. : That a great change is taking place 
in the minds of thinking people on the 
lodge question and that much of this 
change has been brought about, in New 
England, at least, by the circulation of 
anti-secrecy literature among really 
Christian people. 

We ought not to faint, but to double 
our diligence in sowing'beside all waters. 

Boston, July 17, 1902. 

cents to find out what it is that Chris- 
tians find so interesting in the lodge. He 
said : "It is all foolishness from the 
first step to the last." 

The preacher was there taking part 
with the others. The Bible and the 
preacher are used in the lodge to sugar- 
coat the performances, and then people 
wonder why we do not have a revival of 
religion and they wonder why the church 
is filled up with members that do not at- 
tend prayer meeting! 

Most of us know by our own sad ex- 
perience, even without the addition of 
lodge folly, that we have followed Christ 
at too great a distance. "The yoke of 
Christ is easy and his burden is light," 
when we follow Christ closely. When 
we, in the name of Jesus, "draw nigh to 
God" with the whole heart, "He draws 
nigh to us" and blesses our souls, and 
we will have no relish for that which 
God commanded us to abhor. "Abhor 
that which is evil." CYRUS SMITH. 

Grand River, Iowa. 


We Pray Less and Pay Less than We Ought- 


While in Baconsfield, Iowa, recently 
we called on Lewis Hammond. He 
joined the Yowman Lodge about two 
years ago. He gave me authority to 
write What he told me about the Yow- 
man Order. It will be very difficult for 
me to condemn the lodge in as strong 
language as he did. 

He paid eight dollars and twenty-five 

"I think that we all of us come short of 
the duty of the hour. 

"These lodges are numbered by thou- 
sands. There are three hundred differ- 
ent secret societies in the United States. 
They claim six millions of men to-day as 
members ; they claim half a million wom- 
en as members, and the number of wom- 
en who' are moving into these societies is 
greatly in excess of the number who 
formerly became engaged with them. 
They claim to be initiating at this time 
over two hundred thousand persons each 
year, and it does not require argument to 
show that a movement of that kiad is at 
least a most serious import to the homes 
of the State and to the country. 

"If we are opposed to lodges we 
should let this disapproval become 
known. And yet, brothers and sisters, 
as pastors and members of churches, as 
Christian workers in various; parts of the 
vineyard of Christ, our Master and Lord, 
I am satisfied that we pray less and that 
we give less toward this agitation, this 
enlightenment of the people, than the 
importance of the subject requires. 

August, 1902. 



"-I think that with hundreds of min- 
isters of the gospel opposed to secret so- 
cieties, with scores of churches believ- 
ing that they are injurious, it seems to 
me that there ought to be a stream of 
men and women and a stream of money 
pouring into the headquarters at 221 
West Madison street, Chicago, which 
would make it far more effective to per- 
form the work than it heretofore has 
been. I believe that many who have 
been in their hearts opposed to secret 
societies, but have not been disposed to 
take hazards and risks ; I believe that the 
Lord will stir them up to do better than 
they have done. 

"I believe by the blessing of God that 
we who are the opposers of secret soci- 
eties may be stirred to more valiant ex- 
ertions in regard to the truth, and in the 
great work of bringing men out from the 
secret societies and bringing them into 
the glorious liberty of the children of 
God, and that this may be the result let 
every Christian pray now and as the days 
shall pass, for Paul may plant and Apol- 
los water, but God giveth the increase." 


Can a Christian Belong: to Them and Still 
Honor Christ? 


Price, postpaid, eight cents. Published 
by Loizeaux Bros., 63 Fourth avenue, 
New York City ; for sale by Robert Har- 
vie, Yonge street, Toronto, Canada ; 
Miss J. McMartin, Montreal, Canada ; 
H. A. Ironside, 717 16th street, Oakland, 
Cal. ; Collins and Budd, Christ's Church. 
New Zealand, and William Blachley, 2"j 
Lancefield, London, W., England. 

This is a valuable pamphlet 7x5, of 36 
pages. We hope it will have a wide 

Affections sihould not bind the soul, 
but enfranchise it. Through them it 
should know larger, deeper, higher life. 
They should be to it as wings by which 
it mounts. A friend comes as an ambas- 
sador from the heavens. — Trinities and 

No one can have read The Cynosure 
for June and July without feeling greatly 
gratified by the reports. 

The triumph of our cause is as sure 
as the victory of truth. It must be that the 
atheism, infidelity, favoritism and law- 
lessness promoted by secret societies 
must finally cease, and the civil liberty 
and the Christian faith, which are an- 
tagonized by them, must prevail. 

Will you not give more and pray more 
for this work the coming year? 

The Board of Managers have added 
Elder Quincy Leckrone to our list of lec- 
turers. Conferences are already partly 
arranged for this fall in Illinois, Wiscon- 
sin, Iowa and New England. The de- 
mand for free literature is greater than 
we can supply. The calls for laborers are 
also greater than the supply. We need 
more funds. We ought to have an en- 
dowment of $20,000. Will you plan to 
endow the work when your Estate is set- 
tled, if you can not do so earlier? 

Pledge some definite amount for the 
needs of this year, and if possible in- 
crease your contribution over last. 

And Return It at an Early Date. 

I enclose (or pledge) 

Dollars ($ ) 

for the work of the National Christian 
Association, payment to be made by 


to William I. Phillips, Treasurer, 221 
West Madison Street, Chicago, 111. 




State » 



August, 1902. 


New Orleans, La., July 15, 1902. 

Dear Brother : I have delivered three 
special lectures and preached three spe- 
cially prepared sermons in which I quot- 
ed extensively from the Odd Fellows' 
ceremony. I am convinced of saving at 
least three young men from the snares of 

I enclose you a circular of a meeting to 
be held July 24 to 28. I shall certainly 
in my own way do all in my power to 
convince some of the lodgeites of their 
erring ways during the meeting. Mad- 
isonville is a stronghold of secretism. 

If the N. C. A. could spare about $90 
cash to help on my expense from Aug. 1 
to Nov. 15 I think I could do consider- 
able good, as there will be a State con- 
vention held in Plaquemine, La., July 28 
to Aug. 4. Another State convention at 
Baton Rouge Sept 10, a District Asso- 
ciation at Columbia, La., Aug. 15; an- 
other at Vidalia, La., Aug. 20 ; one at 
Alexandria and Lake Charles Aug. 25 
and Sept. io,respectively ; one at Monroe 
and Shreveport, New Iberia and Morgan 
City during September and October and 
at Covington, Alma, Areola, Calvert. 
Ala., and at Greenwood, Miss., during 
October and November. 

I am arranging to meet those bodies 
and could do some good distributing 
tracts, lecturing, etc. 

(Rev.) F. J. DAVIDSON. 

Editor's Note : Will not some con- 
tribute the $90 necessary to secure the 
services of Brother Davidson? 


An Odd Fellow long connected with 
the order fell under the conditions inci- 
dent to hard times. As a result his dues 
and assessments accumulated an arrear- 
age of thirteen dollars. Becoming ill, 
and realizing that the benefits of his long 
continued membership might be needed, 
he brought up the arrears before his 
death. The lodge accepted the money. 

After he died the lodge refused to aid 
his widow, telling her that he was not 
in good standing. Like the Priest and 
Levite, the Samaritan also passed by on 
the other side, not being a very good 



A Great Speech Before Five Thousand o9 
Secret Societies. 


I suppose you have heard of the large 
gathering of the German Baptists at Har- 
risburg, Pa. I was out last evening (May 
17th) and heard Rev. I. Bennett Trout 
of Lanark; 111., give a discourse on the se- 
cret lodge system. He did not shun to 
declare the whole counsel of God. Sel- 
dom has it been granted to an anti-se- 
crecy lecturer to address an audience of 
5,000 people. There were individuals 
with pencil and paper all over the audi- 
ence taking down notes. I thought of 
the 5,000 fed and for the first time could 
appreciate more fully what the miracle 

1st. He began by stating that he was 
going to speak to Christians, as he did 
not think it out of character for sinners 
to belong to secret lodges, which are a 
work of darkness and of their father, the 
devil. But Christians are serving anoth- 
er Master, and their Bible says, "No man 
can serve two masters." He said the pre- 
vailing idea with professed Christians is 
how little they need to do, or how near 
the line of evil they can walk and yet ob- 

August, 1902. 



tain eternal happiness and bliss, and not 
how much they should do or how sepa- 
rate from the world and evil they should 
keep, to reach that expected end. 

2d. He said no lodge man can have an 
ideal Christian home. He goes and joins 
a lodge and comes home at i or 2 o'clock 
in the morning, and his wife says, 
''Where have you been?" "To lodge; I 
joined." "Oh, you had not told me. 
What did they do there?" "Oh, mam- 
ma, I dare not tell you." The next morn- 
ing his little daughter says : "Papa, where 
were you last night? You were not 
home when we retired ?" "To lodge, 
daughter." "What did they do?" "I 
dare not tell." "Was it anything very 
bad?" "No, daughter." "Well, shouldn't 
we be allowed to tell anything that is 
good?" The result is confidence in the 
home relations is loosened, if not lost. 
This same man can converse about these 
same things by the hour with some wick- 
ed man of the same lodge. 

3d. Christian fellowship is violated. 
"No fellowship with unfruitful works of 

4th. The lodge substitutes a false re- 
ligion. In his town was a wicked man 
buried lately by six lodges, and they 
transferred him to the Grand Lodge 
above. They went through a lot of sense- 
less prattle and maneuvers, throwing 
ferns into the grave, and they expect 
these ceremonies to be continued and fin- 
ished on the other shore. 

5th. Rejecting the name of Jesus. 
Whatever we do in word or deed, we 
must do all in the name of the Lord Je- 
sus. He that receiveth a prophet in the 
name of a prophet, or a righteous man in 
the name of a righteous man, or gives a 
cup of cold water in the name of a dis- 
ciple, is rewarded. How much greater is 
the reward for those who do things sin- 
cerely in the name of Jesus. 

6th. Loose morals. About four-fifths 
of the lodge members, by actual count, do 
not belong to any church, and some never 
get inside unless they help to carry some 
one in, or are carried in themselves, to be 
pow-wow-ed over. 

7th. Swear not. They forswear to 
keep or do things yet unknown to them. 
His Bible says, Swear not at all. 

8th. They defile the temple of God. 
His Bible says : "He that defileth the tem- 

ple of God, him shall God destroy." They 
allow themselves to be disrobed except a 
few undergarments and blinded like an 
ox and led around by a cable-tow, when 
their body is intended to be a fit temple 
for the indwelling of the Holy Ghost. 

9th. The Bible is purposely abused. 
In each country they have the square and 
compass and the Holy Book, whether it 
be the Bible, or Koran. The Bible is of- 
ten carried at funerals by men not ac- 
quainted with its precepts, and who care 
less for its laws. They play the role of 
good Samaritan, but when they come 
across a man wounded by the wayside 
(not of their craft) they do exactly as the 
priest and Levite, by taking the other 

10th. They are a foe to the church, for 
"he that gathereth not with me scatter- 
eth abroad," says our Savior, and men 
must certainly be either gathering or 
scattering. The lodge gathers with the 
world, not with the church. 

nth. They appropriate things of God 
to unholy uses. Such titles are assumed 
as belong only to Christ, as Master, Most 
Worshipful Master and Most Merciful. 
Think of us all standing before the judg- 
ment and before Christ, who shed His 
blood for us, and a certain man would be 
pointed out as the Most Merciful Wor- 
shipful Master, or see a man passing 
down street with a big cigar in his mouth 
and a flask of whisky in his inside pock- 
et — a most worthy Worshipful Master 
indeed. And I will not say he is not 
worshipped, either. 

1 2th. Investigation always helps the 
truth. Turn on the light. Show up the 
dark places. Study the Word of God on 
this subject and I am sure of the result. 

The devil makes the lodge so religious 
and so attractive that thousands of pro- 
fessed Christians are drawn in. Anoth- 
er thing is, certain lodges promise not to 
violate the chastity of a fellow-member's 
wife or daughter, knowing them to be 
such. This is as foolish as if I would 
send my boy down street and tell him not 
to throw any stones or snowballs on the 
right side of the street. Now, Brother 
Hutchison (pointing to a minister sitting 
behind him) lives on the left hand side 
of the street, and my boy is anxious for 
fun and he throws a snowball in Brother 
Hutchison's window, and Brother H. 



August, 1902. 

comes to me and complains. I call my 
boy and ask him, "Did not I tell you not 
to throw snowballs? He says, "No, 
father, you just said I should not throw 
any on the right hand side, and Mr. H. 
lives on the left hand side." You see the 
predicament I am in ? 

I saw a wild duck playing and swim- 
ming around at the Niagara Falls until it 
had exhausted itself, when it got in the 
current and went down over the falls. In 
just such danger are those who trifle with 
the lodge. I advise all Christians not in 
the lodge to stay out, and all that are 
connected to come out. 

I have taken these few notes, and per- 
haps you can use them. 

I shook hands with Brother Trout and 
greeted him with a holy kiss (which is 
their custom) . I asked him if he was ac- 
quainted with the work of the N. C. A. 
He said, "Oh, yes ; I am a member of it." 


Confluence, Pa., July 16, 1902. 

Dear Cynosure: A late train necessi- 
tates a wait here. Will improve the 
time writing. 

During the past month my work has 
been around home. We have spoken in 
Churches and Missions in Washington, 
D. C, also in the States of Maryland and 
Pennsylvania. There have been no un- 
usual manifestations. The truth has 
brought conviction and conversion in 
some instances, and also has strength- 
ened the friends. 

It looks as if there would be need for 
reform work for some time to come. As 
long as rats are willing to risk life to get 
cheese, and as long as men go wrong 
easier than right, so long will it be nec- 
essary to preach a reform gospel. Some 
will hear and heed, others will continue 
in their folly. 

We have received the usual patronage 
of our Baltimore friends. Interest in our 
reform does not retrograde in this im- 
portant center. At Meyersdale, Sals- 
burg and Chestnut Springs, Pa., we were 
welcomed and encouraged. The Tele- 
phone served us well in the latter place. 
Arriving at 6 p. m. the notice was sent 
in different directions. Two hours later 
we addressed a splendid audience in the 
Mennonite church. As we have spoken 

here many times we would have 
looked for such a gathering had there 
been -an extended notice, but were sur- 
prised at this speedy coming together. 

While waiting for dinner to be pre- 
pared we were amused at the question oi 
a little three-year-old boy. After watch- 
ing and considering for some time, he 
inquired, "Why do you wear your Sun- 
day pants on week days?" A boy with 
a mind like this is not likely to be caught 
in the lodge trap. He will not do so sim- 
ply because some one else does, but will 
inquire and consider before acting. 

Sabbath, July 8, was a very busy day. 
In the forenoon we were taken to the 
country over hills and through woods 
some six miles from Casselman to where 
we spoke to a Church filled with people 
who seemed to come out of the brush 
in all directions. This was in a German 
Baptist Brethren Church, of which Elder 
Fike has the charge. In the afternoon 
we returned to Casselman, where we 
preached in the Mennonite Church, our 
evening address being in the M. E. 
Church at Grantsville. These points are 
all in Maryland, not far from the Penn- 
sylvania State line. 

Brother Bedford, the M. E. pastor, in- 
troducing me, informed the congregation 
that the great Doctor from Washington 
had arrived. They were requested to 
give diligent heed to what was said. 

Several said they had been hit by the 
sermon. One I. O. O. F. was inclined 
to dispute statements made, but as 
he had no proofs to offer on his side, 
while we had many, we did not change 
our mind. We found that Benjamin 
Franklin, the little mule, that helped us 
over Negro Mountain last year, had 
ceased to serve Uncle Sam. We were 
conveyed in better shape to the Cove, 
where we found a welcome at the home 
of Elder David Hochstedler. A lecture 
had been announced for the German 
Baptist Brethren Church. The crowd 
was larger than last year. Some who did 
not attend had heard of the last year's 
lecture in the Missouri Synod Lutheran 
Church near by, and seemed glad of this 
opportunity to hear. 

Pastor Blievernicht conveyed us from 
the Cove to Accident, Md. He is much 
engaged in the erection of a fine, new 
Church, the former edifice having been 

August, 1902. 



destroyed by fire. There was opportun- 
ity for lectures here, but previous ar- 
rangements compelled us to leave this 
for a later date. 

Elder Jasper Bamthouse, according to 
arrangement, met us at Somerfield, Pa., 
and we proceeded tohis home in Mary- 
land, near where the State lines of Mary- 
land, Pennsylvania and West Virginia 
meet. Here we delivered the four ad- 
dresses advertised. We were told that 
there were some very zealous I. O. O. 
F.'s who had expressed a desire to dis- 
cuss the question here. We declared our 
willingness to enter into such a discus- 
sion, but found as usual that much bark- 
ing had little bite. One of the leaders 
asked a few questions the first evening, 
and promised to bring a printed prayer 
endorsed by the I. O. O. F. Sovereign 
Grand Lodge, containing the name of 
Christ. Although we offered him fifty 
dollars for such a prayer, he failed to 
bring it as promised. We were told he 
was a young I. O. O. F. - Doubtless he 
is growing wiser. 

Some who had belonged to lodges said 
they were going to give them up. 
Though in the midst of harvest, the inter- 
est in these meetings was good from the 
start. It was thought there were five 
hundred or more present Monday even- 
ing at the concluding lecture. We were 
never entertained more cordially than by 
friends here. We were unable to accept 
half the invitations to meals offered. Had 
we belonged to forty lodges, with all our 
dues paid, we could not have been cared 
for better. 

The lecture in the M. E. Church at 
Somerfield last night was not so largely 
attended. The people came late, but 
gave good attention while we unfolded 
the lodge religion for over an hour. The 
pastor of the Church said he was not a 
lodge man, but knew "good men" who 
were. Surprising how this same "old 
chestnut," the "good man" argument, 
hangs on ! There are plenty of "back 
numbers" who still seem to think there is 
something in it. 

We hope to reach Johnstown, Pa. ; Al- 
toona, Morrison's Cove, and other points 
for meetings later. Weather comforta- 
ble, and crops in fair condition this way. 

Truly, W. B. STODDARD. ' 


He Visits the Conference of the United Nor- 
wegian Lutheran Church of America, and 
Also the German Lutheran (Ohio Synod 

74 South Robert Street, St. Paul, Minn. 

June 27, 1902. 

Editor of Cynosure : The United Nor- 
wegian Lutheran Church of America 
closed its annual conference, in Minneap- 
olis, yesterday afternoon. 

When the Lord Jesus preached the dev- 
ils cried out, "Saying, let us alone ; what 
have we to do with thee, thou Jesus of 
Nazareth?" (Mark 1 : 24). 

Now the devils are howling mad if 
they cannot join Christian churches and 
be called Christians and "Christian gen- 
tlemen," also. 

One Lutheran pastor tells me that near- 
ly all the men in his church are lodge 
members ; and that if he preaches against 
the lodge he cannot remain in that town 
fifteen hours. 

Another Lutheran pastor says the lodge 
members in his church are good Chris- 
tians ; and that he does not intend to 
preach against the lodge. 

Some of these Lutheran churches have 
been built by the money of lodge mem- 
bers ; and so they feel that they have a 
right to be members of the church. 

A Large Majority Opposed to the Lodge. 

However, before the close of their con- 
ference they passed a resolution with a 
vote of 266 against 17. The resolution 
is : "Whereas, The United Norwegian 
Lutheran Church of America regards 
those societies which profess a religion 
differing from the faith of the church by 
ignoring Christ, the Head and Lord of 
the church, who alone is the way, the 
truth, and the life, as worthy of condem- 
nation, this annual meeting most earnest- 
ly calls upon all its ministers in public 
declarations and private conversation and 
instruction, clearly and urgently to bear 
witness against the sin of belonging to 
such societies ; at the same time calling 
upon the congregations faithfully to sup- 
port their pastors in this most important 

They received me kindly, and the presi- 
dent gave public notice that, at the close 
of one of their sessions, I would address 


August, 1902. 

a meeting in the open air in front of the 
church, to which I responded. 

German Lutheran Conference. 

The German Lutherans (Ohio Synod) 
closed their annual conference in this city 
on Wednesday last. The president gave 
me one hour to address the pastors on the 
matter of secret societies. Their presi- 
dent and all their pastors with whom I 
conversed are very decided in their oppo- 
sition to secret societies. 

The Baptist Association. 

During the month of May last the Bap- 
tists held their anniversaries in this city. 
Increased in goods, they made a fair 
show in the flesh. But as it was when 
Christ came, "He was laid in a manger 
because there was no room for Him in the 
inn," so there was no room for this truth 
in this Baptist assembly. A futile at- 
tempt was made to suppress the truth on 
its outside by snatching anti-Masonic lit- 
erature out of the hands of the distributer 
in the street and destroying it. 

It was not always so in that denomina- 
tion ; seventy years ago there were men in 
her fellowship that knew and loved the 
Lord too well to be at peace in church fel- 
lowship with such as had fellowship with 
the devil and worshipped him. Now it is 
different, the anti-Masonic storms of sev- 
enty years ago were hushed, and the 
waters stilled, not by the Lord, but by the 
cunning devices of men of corrupt minds 
who opened the doors of Baptist churches 
to the venomous beast, Freemasonry, and 
its horde of vipers by other names ; since 
which the serpent has lain coiled and un- 
molested with head erect and with poison- 
ous tongue to hiss and strike at whomso- 
ever dares to molest it. 

Inconsistency of First Baptist Church. 

The anniversaries were held in the 
First Baptist Church of this city, a 
church famous for its rejection of the 
truth by direct vote on resolution to sup- 
press it. Its resolution was this: "Re- 
solved, That no member of this church, 
nor any visitor to it, shall ever say any- 
thing about Freemasonry in any of its 

The resolution was introduced by a 
man named Tallmadge, who was at that 
time secretary of the Chamber of Com- 
merce ; he said the purpose of the resolu- 
tion was to protect his pastor from insult. 
His pastor was a Freemason by the name 

of Buttrick. The resolution was second- 
ed by James Drake, advocated by Deacon 
D. D. Merrill, and put to the vote of the 
church by its pastor, Buttrick. 

The resolution was the outcome of the 
pastor's declaration that he had been in- 
sulted, and his intention of leaving the 
church unless protection was afforded 
him. The alleged insult grew out of a 
public recital of Masonic oaths and pen- 
alties made in a prayer meeting at that 
time, and which recital the pastor was 
challenged to deny if untrue. 

The passage of the resolution assured 
the pastor of the sympathy of his church 
with Freemasonry. "Silence and Se- 
crecy," the jewels of Masonry, are pre- 
served by the attitude of the Baptist de- 
nomination. Therefore, last winter the 
Freemasons, with Masonic regalia on, as- 
sembled at a Masonic funeral in that 
church. It was at the funeral of one of its 
oldest members, who was also one of the 
oldest and truest Freemasons in this 
State. He was therefore buried with 
great Masonic honor; and he was eulo- 
gized by his pastor as a'man eminent for 
goodness ; while we have no evidence that 
he was anything better than a true fol- 
lower of the Masonic god. 

Now is not the consistency of that 
church as a Masonic church apparent in 
her resolution and her practice? Her 
windows are appropriately stained with 
Masonic emblems so that God's true peo- 
ple need not be deceived by her. 

And yet, if possible, she would deceive 
the elect; for her resolution had been 
cited by a minister of Christ in a prayer- 
meeting, and that minister who cited it 
found himself at the close of the meeting 
waylaid in the vestibule of the church by 
one of her deacons, who calls himself an 
anti-Mason, and who laid hands on the 
minister, called him crazy, told him that 
if he went there again he would have him 
arrested, and that the church never passed 
such a resolution, and if he ever again 
said that it did he would be a deliberate 
and a wilful liar. To which the minister 
replied, "The church did pass, that reso- 
lution and I shall say that it did again." 
Subsequently the deacon acknowledged 
that his church did pass, the resolution. It 
is said by some Masons that the Baptist 
denomination is the next thing to Mason- 
ry. Surely the Masons may well feel that 

August, 1902. 



they have some claim upon that denomi- 
nation. May we not call that deacon the 
"unbaptized jubelum" of the Baptist 
church ? 

How could any church consistently al- 
low a testimony against that with which 
she is in fellowship? By so doing she 
would condemn herself. 

The lodge is the blackness of darkness, 
being blinded by the light that shines 
from the bottomless pit. The Savior rec- 
ognized that when He said, "If the light 
that is in thee be darkness, how great is 
that darkness ?" What of the church that 
protects its membership in that darkness 
from the true light that now shines from 
heaven? What of that Baptist pastor 
who sprang to his feel and exclaimed, "I 
hope nobody will say anything that will 
criminate this church, or any of its mem- 
bers ?" When lodge members deny their 
rituals as the Masons do Ecce Orienti, do 
they not know that they are liars ? 

W. Fenton. 



The funeral of the late Mrs. A. H. H. Stu- 
art, which occurred at Olympia, Wash., on 
Jan. 8, was conducted by the Woman's Club 
of that city, of which Mrs. Stuart was the 
founder, according- to the club ritual, which 
was written by 'Mrs. Stuart. It was the first 
time the ritual had been used in the twenty 
years of the club's life, and the fact that it 
was first read at the obsequies of its author 
lent additional significance to the beautiful 
words. The services were conducted wholly 
by the Woman's Club, without the assistance 
of a clerygman, which was in accordance 
with the expressed wish of Mrs. Stuart. The 
ritual prayer was read in concert by the 
members and the service throughout was 
simple, beautiful and impressive. The club 
house was draped in black; its sombre hue 
relieved by quantities of white flowers, 
which made the air heavy with fragrance. 
The services were concluded at the ceme- 
tery, where each member of the club dropped 
a white carnation into the grave as the sol- 
emn words, "Dust to dust, ashes to ashes," 
were spoken, and the casket containing all 
that was mortal of their friend and com- 
rade, was lowered to its final resting place. 

Happiness stands like a maid at your 

Why should you think you will find 

her by roving? 

q ( S 8C ! S f J? m 2 Re P° r t of a Committee on June 
o, v 1 X .° **?<■ Gkmeral Synod of the K eformed 
Presbyterian Church.) 

It is fitting that trade and labor unions 
be considered, first of all, from the point 
of view of their members and advocates. 

For centuries there have been guilds, 
societies and fraternities of one kind and 
another, for the benefit of those engaged 
in the various industrial pursuits, but un- 
til a very recent period these organiza- 
tions were few in number and their mem- 
bership small. Since the organization of 
industry, the introduction of the factory 
system, and the combination of capital, 
these unions have greatly multiplied' 
their membership has vastly increased, 
and there has been attained by them a 
greater measure of unity and co-opera- 

Two principles have operated to bring 
about these results. The first is, that 
men who think alike should act together. 
This principle combines into societies 
those who follow the same occupation. 
The second principle is, that men of all 
vocations should work harmoniously for 
the good of all. This principle combines 
societies of workmen of various callings 
into one great federation. 

The operation of these principles has 
brought into existence three great or- 
d t ers - The se are the Knights of Labor 
the American Federation of Labor and 
the American Railway Union. There are 
other national organizations, and there 
are local unions not affiliated with any 
national organization, but these are the 
most important and have succeeded in 
consolidating most of the local unions. 

Published Purposes of Labor Unions 

The general purpose of all is the same 
namely, to secure by united effort certain 
rights of which they believe empjovers 
seek to deprive them. The constitution 
°r t T he l . General Ass embly of the Knights 
of Labor declares the aims of the asso- 
ciation, in part, to be, "To secure to the 
workers the full enjoyment of the wealth 
they create ; sufficient leisure in which to 
develop their intellectual, moral and so- 
cial faculties ; all of the benefits, recrea- 
tions and pleasures of association etc " 
(Preamble, p. 3.) 

The constitution of the American Fed- 
eration of Labor begins as follows: 



August, 1902. 

"Whereas a struggle is going on in all 
the nations of the civilized world be- 
tween the oppressors and the oppressed 
of all countries, a struggle between the 
capitalist and the laborer, which grows 
in intensity from year to year, and will 
work disastrous results to the toiling mil- 
lions if they are not combined for mutual 
protection and benefit. 

"It, therefore, behooves the represen- 
tatives of the Trade and Labor Unions 
of America, in convention assembled, to 
adopt such measures and disseminate 
such principles among the mechanics 
and laborers of our country as will per- 
manently unite them to secure the rec- 
ognition of the rights to which they are 
justly entitled. The objects of this Fed- 
eration shall be the encouragement and 
formation of local Trade and Labor 
Unions, and the closer federation of such 
societies through th e organization of 
Central Trade and Labor Unions in ev- 
ery city, and the further combination of 
such bodies into State, Territorial or 
Provincial organizations, to secure legis- 
lation in the interest of the working 
masses * * * to aid and encourage 
the scale of union-label goods * * * 
to secure national legislation in the in- 
terest of the working people, etc." (Con- 
stitution, Article II., Sections i, 2 and 3.) 
In similar terms the constitutions of oth- 
er unions set forth the grievances of la- 
borers and the necessity of organization 
to secure their rights. By united effort 
they hope to be able to control wages 
and the hours of labor, to secure the re- 
peal of obnoxious laws and the enact- 
ment of laws more favorable to the labor- 
ing classes, and to bring about a great 
variety of reforms which they believe will 
conduce to the welfare of mankind. 

Only One Laborer in Three Member of a 


From the most recent and reliable ta- 
bles it is learned that the membership of 
the American Federation of Labor is 
1,200,000; of' Railway Brotherhoods 
147,000, of the Knights of Labor and 
unenumerated associations 120,000; oi 
other national unions 136,000; making a 
total of 1,603,000. (New York Labor 
Bulletin, December, 1901, p. 297.) 

The members of these unions follow, 
for the most part, the manufacturing and 
mechanical industries. Carroll D. 

Wright, United States Commissioner of 
Labor, states that 29.71 per cent, or less 
than one-third of those engaged in these 
industries, belong to trade and labor 
unions. (Industrial Evolution of the 
United States, p. 262.) 

Strenuous efforts are put forth to 
bring these non-union men into the 
unions. It is urged that, since they share 
in the benefits of the reforms secured 
by labor organizations, they ought to 
share in the labor and expense of secur- 
ing them by joining these organizations. 
Unions that have sick, death, accident 
and strike benefits are the most popular 
and successful. 

Carroll D. Wright says, "Labor or- 
ganizations have had much to do with 
the development of industry, the legis- 
lation ^ which relates to labor, and the 
establishment of some very deep and 
vital principles affecting not only labor 
itself, but the general welfare of the pub- 

Economical Aspects of Labor Unions. 

The economical aspects of these or- 
ganizations will next be considered. Vast 
sums of money are collected by them for 
various purposes. The dues for mem- 
bership range from twenty-five cents a 
month to fifty cents or more a week. The 
leaders of these unions urge high dues. 
Samuel Gompers, president of the Amer- 
ican Federation of Labor, maintains that 
they should not be less than fifty cents a 
month, so that there may be funds for 
times of industrial stagnation, panics and 
defeats in contests. 

The economical aspect of these con- 
tests calls for special consideration. 
Trade and labor unions without excep- 
tion regard the strike as a legitimate 
weapon of offense and defense. Samuel 
Gompers admits that strikes ought to 
be avoided, but he adds, "we shall always 
insist upon our right to quit work for 
any reason or for no reason at all." (Ad- 
dress before the Arbitration Conference, 
Chicago, Dec. 17, 1900, pp. 5, 15.) 

The report of the United States Com- 
missioner of Labor for 1 901 is devoted to 
Strikes and Lockouts for the twenty 
years beginning with 1881 and closing 
with 1900. During this period there were 
in the whole country 22,793 strikes, the 
most of which were ordered by labor 
unions. They involved 117,509 establish- 

August. 1002. 



ments. In 59,638 of these establishments, 
or about one-half, these strikes succeed- 
ed ; in 15,325 they succeeded in part; in 
42,509 they failed. The loss in wages 
to employes was $257,863,478 ; in assist- 
ance to strikers $16,174,793, making a 
total of $274,038,271. The*total loss to 
employers was less than half this sum, 
being only $122,731,121. (Sixteenth An- 
nual Report of Commissioner of Labor, 
P- 353-) Carroll D. Wright in speaking 
of these losses, says, ''No statement could 
more thoroughly exhibit the wastefulness 
of a method than do these figures." (In- 
dustrial Evolution in the United States, 
p. 299.) 

But these figures do not tell the whole 
story. In the historic strike and lockout 
at Homestead, Pa., in 1892 the total loss 
to the strikers was $1,935,000; the los^ 
to the employers $950,000, and the cost 
to the State $440,246. The total loss of 
this one strike was $3,325,246. (The 
Amalgamated Association of Iron, Steel 
and Tin Workers, by Carroll D. Wright, 
p. 24.) 

Another historic strike occurred in the 
Pittsburg mills in 1901 which cost the 
strikers more than $4,000,000, while the 
employers claim to have lost but little. 
(The Amalgamated Association, etc., 

P- 34-) 

In the great Chicago strike in 1894, 
which began at the works of the Pull- 
man Palace Car Company, the employes 
lost in wages $1,750,000. The railroad 
company lost by destruction of property 
and incidental expenses, $685,308, and in 
earnings, $5,000,000. The loss to the 
country is estimated by Bradstreet's at 
$80,000,000. (Industrial Evolution, by 
Carroll D. Wright, p. 314.) 

Let it be conceded that laborers have 
the right to quit work for any reason, or 
even to do so senseless a thing as to 
quit for no reason at all. They surely 
have not the right to destroy property or 
to inflict loss upon the public. 

Samuel Goinpers, President A. F. of L., va. 
Carroll D. Wright, U. S. Commissioner. 

There is, of course, an effort by labor 
unions to show that strikes are usually 
successful and beneficial. Samuel Goin- 
pers in his report to the convention of 
the American Federation of Labor, held 
in Louisville, Ky., Dec. 6-15, 1900, said 
that 688 strikes were reported for the 

year, and that of this number, 455 were 
successful, 106 lost, 74 compromised, 
and 53 were still pending. These figures 
seem to indicate that the strikers a very 
efficient weapon for enforcing the claims 
of laborers. But compare them with the 
figures of Carroll D. Wright for the 
same period. According to his report 
the whole number of strikes for the year 
1900 was 1,779, involving 9,248 establish- 
ments. In 4,286 establishments, or less 
than half, they succeeded; in 1,903 they 
succeeded in part ; in 3,041 they failed en- 

Mr. Gompers, in his address delivered 
before the Arbitration Conference in 
Chicago, Dec. 17, 1900, maintained that 
the labor movement has actuallv secured 
a diminution in the number of strikes. 
He said, "In fact, the number and extent 
of strikes can be accurately gauged by 
the power, extent and financial resources 
of an organization in any trade or call- 
ing. The number o<f strikes rises with 
lack of or weakness in organization, and 
diminishes with the extent and power of 
the trades union movement" (page 7). 
Place beside this' claim the figures fur- 
nished by Commissioner Wright. The 
number of strikes in 1881 was 471. In 
1885 the number rose to 645. In 1886 
it mounted up to 1,432. In 1900 it reach- 
ed 1,779. (Report for 1901, on Strikes 
and Lockouts, p. 16.) 

The claim is constantly made that la- 
borers are becoming more thoroughly 
organized. And yet Mr. Wright's statis- 
tics show that strikes are on the increase. 
We shall either have to discredit Mr. 
Gompers' claim as to the tendency of or- 
ganized labor to decrease the number of 
strikes, or discount the claim as to the 
rapid progress of organized labor. In 
any case such men as he show themselves 
to be unsafe leaders of the laboring 

Labor Unions From Legal Standpoint. 

Labor organizations will now be con- 
sidered from the legal point of view. 

There is a vast body of law and a mul- 
titude of judicial decisions relating to la- 
bor and labor unions. Under common 
law it was formerly held to be conspiracy 
for workmen to combine together to 
raise their wages. But. even without 
statutory enactments, judges modified 
the application of the common law as 



August, 1902. 

to conspiracy, and maintained the right 
of laborers to combine to secure a better- 
ment of their condition. In recent years 
a number of States and Territories have 
enacted laws defining how far a combina- 
tion by employes to raise or maintain the 
rate of wages, or for kindred purposes, 
is to protected, and by what acts they 
subject themselves to punishment. 

The rights of laborers to organize to 
improve their condition and gain their 
ends, to strike and to use peaceful means 
to induce others to strike, is protected 
by law in thirteen States. Their rights 
are further protected against blacklisting 
in twenty-seven States, and there is a 
Federal statute forbidding it on railroads 
doing an inter-state business. Consid- 
erable progress has been made in the ef- 
fort to secure legislation making eight 
hours a legal day's work. Twenty-two 
States and the National Congress have 
laws to this effect. 

There are also laws in many States de- 
signed to restrain the laboring classes 
from trampling upon the rights of others 
and of one another. Twenty-four States 
have laws which forbid boycotting. 
Workmen are forbidden by the laws of 
twenty-five States to use threats, intimi- 
dation, coercion, etc. Thirty States have 
laws against acts committed with the 
intention of preventing employers from 
using their property and conducting their 
business. Twenty-one have laws provid- 
ing for the formation of permanent 
boards of arbitration, before which by 
mutual consent disputes may be brought 
and arbitrated. At the conference of 
representatives of capital and labor, held 
in New York, Dec. 17, 1901, under the 
auspices of the National Civic Federa- 
tion, a permanent board was appointed 
to settle differences between employers 
and labor unions. 

The authority of the courts, both State 
and Federal, has frequently been invoked 
to protect the rights of laborers and to 
compel them to respect the rights of oth- 
ers. Only a few of these cases can be 
referred to. 

The decision of the Supreme Judicial 
Court of Massachusetts in the case of 
Plant et al. vs. Woods et al., shows that 
one labor union endeavored to compel 
the members of another union following 
the same occupation, to join with them 

so as to control the whole business more 
completely. This they refused to do. The 
first union declared the members of the 
second union not to be union men at all, 
and threatened that their employer "may 
expect to see trouble in his business." 
The court granted the injunction prayed 
for on the ground that such threats are 
unlawful. (Bulletin of the Department 
of Labor, No. 31, November, 1900, pp. 
1 294- 1 297.) 

The Supreme Court of Pennsylvania, 
in the case of Flaccus vs. Smith et al. 
maintained the right of a manufacturer to 
make his factory non-union, and to con- 
tract with his workmen that they shall 
not join a labor union, and sustained an 
injunction granted by a lower court 
against the agent of a union, who was 
inducing them secretly to join the union 
in violation of their contract. (Bulletin 
of the Department of Labor, No. 36, Sep- 
tember, 1901, pp. 988-991.) 

In the Case of Allis Chalmers Co. vs. 
Reliable Lodge, United States Circuit 
Court, Northern District of Illinois, 
Judge Kohlsaat, in granting an injunc- 
tion against strikers, said : "It is the un- 
doubted right of workmen to quit work 
severally or in a body, so long as the act 
does not come within the rule against 
conspiracies to injure the property of an- 
other. They may also use peaceable 
means in persuading others to join them 
in carrying out the strike, subject to the 
above rule. Both of these rights, how- 
ever, must be exercised in such a manner 
as not to otherwise interfere with the 
right of every man to run his own busi- 
ness in his own way, provided he keeps 
within the law in so doing, or the right 
of every man to work or not to work, to 
strike or not to strike, to join a union or 
not, as he may think best. In other words, 
a man may decide his own course, and 
hold himself to certain rules, but he can- 
not impose those rules or that course 
upon the conduct of any other man, 
against his wish, any more than he can 
place fetters upon his hands or shackles 
upon his feet. And when, as in the case 
at bar, the attempt is made, through in- 
timidation and acts of violence, to effect 
this end, it is tyranny of the most despot- 
ic character ; it is civil war ; it is treason 
to the principles of this and almost every 
other government. It will not be tol- 

August. 1902. 



crated." (Bulletin of the Department of 
Labor, No. 38, January, 1902.) 

Against such decisions labor unions 
raise a great outcry. These extracts are 
given to show what the courts have been 
constrained to do, and to call attention 
to the fact that labor organizations have 
assumed an attitude of hostility to all 
:such decrees. 

The Moral and Religious View. 

These organizations will now be ex- 
amined in the light of morals and relig- 

(1) That laborers do not always receive 
their share of the proceeds of labor 
should be conceded. But this is not the 
case to so great an extent as is claimed, 
nor is it the chief cause of their poverty 
where poverty exists. One hundred and 
twenty-one organizations in Kansas pre- 
sented reports to the State Bureau of La- 
bor which show that the members of these 
unions have an average income of $181 
in excess of the cost of living. (Bulletin 
of the Department of Labor, No. 38, Jan- 
uary, 1902, p. 134.) Laborers are quite 
as well paid as teachers and ministers of 
the gospel. Extravagant habits, and es- 
pecially the use of intoxicating beverages 
keep multitudes in poverty. Wages are 
no higher in Kansas than in most other 
States. May not the fact that Kansas 
is a prohibition State account in part for 
the excess of income over the cost of 

(2) Laborers have an undoubted right 
to organize, and if the right were wisely 
exercised good results would follow. But 
the facts already given show that existing 
organizations are often unwisely con- 

(3) Laborers have the right to cease 
work when the conditions and terms are 
unsatisfactory. But when they cease 
they no longer have either a moral or a 
legal claim upon the positions they have 
vacated. The philosophy of strikes as 
usually conducted is therefore in conflict 
with the moral law. "The unionist holds," 
says one writer, "that the workman has 
an equity in his job ; that if he relinquish- 
es his position to obtain a betterment of 
the conditions surrounding it, he by no 
means surrenders that equity ; and that a 
third party has no more moral right to 
appropriate the job than to take any oth- 
er property which may be left temporari- 

ly unguarded." (Frank R. Foster, in 
'The International Monthly," Novem- 
ber, 1901, pp. 638, 639.) 

The same writer presents the argu- 
ment of the striker in substance as fol- 
lows : "The majority judgment of wage- 
earners decides that work must not be 
done under certain conditions. The men 
Who take the places of strikers ignore 
that judgment and set up their minority 
judgment. Such men forfeit their claim 
to the moral aspect of the strikers, and 
break the eighth commandment of the 
striker's decalogue which reads, "Thou 
shalt not steal thy neighbor's job." 

This claim of trade unions to deter- 
mine the morality of the acts in question 
is an immoral claim and cannot be con- 

It is true that the constitutions of these 
unions do not countenance riots, vio- 
lence, intimidation, etc., but they are 
faulty in that they do not provide for the 
discipline of their members when guilty 
of such acts. But the courts hold that 
the law is violated when the strikers stop 
short of violence. The Supreme Court 
of Pennsylvania in rendering its decision 
in a case involving hostile demonstra- 
tions by strikers who claimed the right 
to use arguments, persuasions and ap- 
peals with the men who had taken theii 
places, said : "The strikers and their 
counsel seem to think that the former 
could do anything to attain their ends 
short of actual physical violence. This 
is -a most serious misapprehension. The 
'arguments,' 'persuasions,' and 'appeals' 
of a hostile and demonstrative mob have 
a potency over men of ordinary nerve 
which far exceeds the limits of lawful- 
ness." (Bulletin of the Department of 
Labor, No. 14, January, 1898, p. 93.) 

Judge Hammond, of the United States 
Circuit Court for the Western District of 
Tennessee, in granting an injunction 
against strikers, said : "The strikers can- 
not have, under the law of equal rights, a 
liberty of contracting as they please, 
working when they please, and quitting 
when they please, which does not belong 
to the non-union men and employers." 
(Bulletin of the Department of Labor, 
No. 39, March, 1902, p. 496.) 

There are scores of such decisions 
plainly showing that members of labor 
unions habitually disregard the rights of 



August, 1902. 

others, and push their own claims beyond 
the limits of the moral law. An editorial 
article in the Locomotive Engineer's 
Monthly Journal for July, 1 901, page 445, 
declares that, "so long as self-interest is 
the larger actuating power in business 
affairs — and we do not believe that any 
one can successfully controvert the fact 
that it is — something besides the Golden 
Rule is absolutely necessary to bring a 
mean between the natural , contending 
forces in a competitive system." Organ- 
izations which suspend the Golden Rule 
are a menace to good morals. 

(4) Most labor unions are patterned af- 
ter secret fraternities. Most, but not all, 
have passwords. With many the pass- 
word is said to be the only secret. But 
one principal use of the password is to 
guard the secrecy of meetings. While 
the right to hold private meetings is con- 
ceded, the organizing and conducting of 
labor associations after the model of se- 
cret fraternities are open to grave objec- 

(5) There is an unwarranted assump- 
tion of authority by these associations. 
The constitution of the Ariialgamated 
Association of Iron, Steel and Tin Work- 
ers contains this clause : "When the Ex- 
ecutive Committee * * * legalize a 
strike in any one department of a mill or 
works, it shall be required that the men 
of all other departments shall cease work 
until the difficulty is settled." (Article 
X., Sec. 2.) The same constitution 
makes it the duty of the ''Mill Commit- 
tee" to persuade new workmen to join 
the union, but "when it is found that a 
manager, superintendent or foreman is 
using his influence in persuading men in 
the mills or factories not to join their 
associations, they shall severally be noti- 
fied by the Mill or Factory Committee 
that such action must be stopped." (Art. 
XXXIV., Sec. 6.) 

Among the multitudinous reasons giv- 
en for strikes are such as the following : 
the introduction of machinery ; allowing 
boys and girls to learn trades ; allowing 
employes to work at other than regular 
trade ; the employment of certain nation- 
alities ; to compel non-union men to join 
the unions ; to compel the adoption of 
union rules (Sixteenth Annual Report ol 
Commissioner of Labor, pp. 519-541). 
These and many others that might be 

given show- an unwarranted interference 
with the rights of employers and other 

These organizations often aim to estab- 
lish uniform wages for their members 
without due regard for efficiency, where- 
bv inferior workmanship is made dear 
and one important incentive to skillful- 
ness is taken away. They place a limit 
on the amount of work to be done and 
thereby hinder the expansion of indus- 
try. They restrict the number of per- 
sons who may follow an occupation and 
thereby trample upon the rights of their 
fellowmen. By these and similar meth- 
ods they often become in reality organi- 
zations for the restraint of labor and the 
menace of capital. (Constitution of 
Amalgamated Association of Iron, Tin 
and Steel Workers, Art. XXII., Sec. 14, 
Art. XX. By-laws of L. A. No. 300, 
K. of L., Window Glass Workers of 
America, Art. I., Sec. 22 ; Art. IV. Many 
others contain like clauses. 

(6) Trade and labor unions threw the 
weight of their influence in favor of the 
Chinese exclusion act. In his report to 
the annual convention of the American 
Federation of Labor in 1901 Mr. Gom- 
pers said, "Chinese exclusion is an issue 
on which all organized labor is a unit." 
(Report of proceedings, p. 22.) It wai> 
urged by some unions that the Japanese 
also be excluded and that the period of 
exclusion be unlimited. Organizations 
which so uniformly favored the exclusion 
act are based upon erroneous principles. 

(7) Many unions hold their meetings 
on the Sabbath. In some cases this is so 
determined in the constitution or by- 
laws. This is the case with the Govern- 
ment Printing Office Mutual Relief As- 
sociation. "The association shall meet 
regularly on the first Sunday after the 
second Monday in each month." (See 
Constitution and By-laws in Bulletin ot 
the Department of Labor, No. 19, No- 
vember, 1898.) The constitution of the 
United Labor League of Western Penn- 
sylvania, Art. II., declares: "Regular 
meetings shall beheld on the second and 
fourth Sunday evenings." Meetings on 
the Sabbath by many unions are painful- 
ly frequent. 

(8) Strikes are often ordered for im- 
moral reasons. In a number of cases 
they have been ordered for increased pay 

August, 1902. 



for work done on the Sabbath, for the 
privilege of using beer while at work, and 
in thousands of cases against the employ- 
ment of non-union men. A further study 
of the causes of strikes shows that^ in 
1,884 establishments a demand for a Sat- 
urday half-holiday was- included, and in 
nearly every case these strikes succeeded. 
But in only 85 establishments was there 
a demand made for the cessation of work 
on the Sabbath, and these strikes failed 
in all cases except two or three. If la- 
boring men would strike as often and as 
hard for Sabbath rest as they do for 
things of less value, they would secure a 
greater measure of sympathy from the 
church, and their efforts would doubtless 
be rewarded with success. 

There are other objectionable features 
which need not be mentioned. These are 
sufficient to make clear the attitude we 
should assume. The wrongs committed 
by capitalists are not to be overlooked. 
These wrongs add weight to all the other 
reasons which justify organized effort on 
the part of laborers to secure their rights. 
In so far as the demands of labor unions 
are just and their methods moral they 
have our most cordial sympathy. But 
because of the objectionable features of 

existing- organizations we 



strained to withhold from them our ap- 
probation. Let these unions eliminate 
their objectionable principles and aban- 
don their obnoxious methods, and they 
will be vastly more successful in attaining 
all legitimate ends, and will have no occa- 
sion to complain of lack of sympathy by 
the church. 

Labor unions are often convicted of in- 
vading the rights of one another and of 
their employers. They esteem altogether 
too lightly their right to the Sabbath. 
Combinations both of capitalists and of 
laborers, in addition to their invasion of 
the domain of human rights,, frequently 
usurp prerogatives that belong to civil 
government. It is a matter of serious 
moment when a great association sets 
law at defiance. It is a matter of vastly 
greater moment when such an associa- 
tion usurps any of the prerogatives of 
civil government and becomes an im- 
perium in imperio, or when it exerts a 
dominating influence over the State. 
Judge Wing, of the United States Circuit 
Court, for the Northern District of ( )hio, 

in issuing an injunction against a striking 
Iron Molders' Union in Cleveland, 
brought out a point not often considered 
in such decrees. He said : 

"Counsel for the defendants have gone 
into a somewhat lengthy history of the 
writ of injunction, with a view of im- 
pressing upon the court the great care 
that should be exercised by the courts in 
the use of the writ as a remedy. It is 
peculiarly appropriate, in the analysis of 
these strike cases, to consider the great 
power which the jurisdiction to issue this 
writ confers, and the strict boundaries 
which should confine its use, because the 
beginning of all this trouble was the at- 
tempt of the Iron Molders' Union, No. 
218, without the assistance of a court, to 
enjoin the complainant from operating its 

He further argues that if courts should 
be careful in the use of injunctions, "self- 
constituted bodies of men, deriving no 
authority from recognized law, should 
not be permitted to originate edicts for 
the government of others, and attempt to 
enforce them by any means whatsoever." 
(Bulletin of the Department of Labor, 
No. 40, May, 1902, p. 640.) 

The principle here involved is of wide 
application. No self-constituted body of 
men should attempt to exercise the func-' 
tions of civil government or to bring 
the government under its control. At- 
tempts at the unlawful exercise of power 
in both these ways by combinations both 
of capital and of labor are altogether too 

Wherein lies the remedy ? First of all 
there should be instilled into the minds of 
all classes certain fundamental political 
truths. Among these are the truths that 
sovereign political authority belongs to 
the State ; that it has been placed there 
by Almighty God ; that it cannot be 
rightly claimed or exercised by any vol- 
untary society : that to do so is usurpa- 
tion of the worst sort. 

lienilie was afraid of the dark. When 
rallied on the subject one day. he said : 
"Yes, I'se afraid of the dark. When I'se 
a man I ain't going to get married 'less 
Rover dies. If Rover dies, ['se going to 
get married, 'cause I'll be afraid to stay 
alone." — Little Chronicle. Chicago. 



August, 1902. 


Dear Cynosure : In the recent deaths of 
Revs. C. H. Rohe, of Columbus, Ohio, 
and R. A. Browne, D. D., of New Castle, 
Pa., the Cynosure has lost two of its 
stanch supporters and advocates. 

We are not advised as to dates of birth 
and deaths, but we wish here to testify 
that they were men of unwavering integ- 
rity of character, loyalty to their convic- 
tions. Both were pastors of large congre- 
gations. The former the Ohio Synod Lu- 
theran, the other the United Presbyterian. 
Frequently have we called to see them. 
Never have we been disappointed in re- 
ceiving words of cheer and kind support. 
Now their work here is ended, the least 
we can do is to cast our little tribute on 
their graves, holding them in loving 
memory, looking for the glorious awaken- 
ing when we shall all meet again. They 
were alike in that they were humble, meek 
followers of the Christ they loved. Men 
of profound research, few words, consid- 
erate, loving, kind, well fitted for the 
great work to which they gave their lives. 
They are gone from us, but their work re- 
mains. The eternal harvest can alone re- 
veal the blessings they have brought to 
hearts and lives. May God comfort the 
sorrowing ones with that "blessed hope" 
given alone to the Christian. 

W. B. Stoddard. 

from ©ur JiatL 

Jason F. Ames writes : "It is sad to 
see many who were once trying to live 
Christian lives, now all absorbed in some 
secret insurance society." 


New York, April 5, 1902. 

Dear Brother: Would so much like 
to accept your kind invitation (to the 
annual convention), but am not able just 
yet. Will be pleased to in the near fu- 
true, I trust. Am delighted with the 
prosperity He is giving to you and to 

Kind wishes and respects to all. 
His and thine, Stephen Merritt. 


From Atlanta, Ga. 

One of the most profitable fields for 
anti-secret society effort is among the 
colored people of the South. In many 
instances they neglect home, church, 
school, and almost every other duty for 
their fetich-like attachment to the 
"lodge." A large number of these peo- 
ple seem more anxious to make prepara- 
tion for dying than for living. A. 


God judges us individually — in 
church, political party, lodge, or any 

If there is evil, and we do not de- 
nounce it, because we fear man more 
than we fear God, we sin. And we sin 
if we do not separate ourselves from all 
conection with influences opposed to> the 
teaching of our blessed Savior. 

It was to give us an example of faith- 
ful endurance that Satan was allowed to 
tempt Jesus. And it was the most al- 
luring temptation he could try on fallen 
man. The same temptation is still plied 
by him, has been in ages past, and will 
be in time to come, until Jesus shall 
make his appearance coming in clouds 
of light and glory, with Christ-like love 
to meet his redeemed sons and daugh- 
ters, who have loved him supremely and 
served him humbly and faithfully, caring 
more for his love and approval than for 
all the distinction and wealth this world 

can give. 

Mrs. Lydia C. Andrews. 


C. A. Charlton is no more. He died at the 
State Hospital at Independence last Friday, 
May 2, 1902, where he had been taken only 
a few days before in hope that he might yet 
receive some help. 

The readers of the Christian Cynosure 
are more or less familiar with my repudi- 
ation of Masonry and all secret combina- 
tions of men to destroy the law and nulli- 
fy the Golden Rule. . 

I was tried and convicted for the 
crime of criminal libel in August, 1898, 
in the district court of Buena Vista 

August, 1902. 



county, Iowa, for publishing the truth 
about the change of a certain bond and 
bond record of an official of Pocahontas 
county. Every effort known to human- 
ity, short of murder, was resorted to 
against me to induce me to even say I 
might be mistaken ; and when all efforts 
failed, two lines of procedure were adopt- 
ed : The one, by those whose reputation 
was at stake, was aggressive and de- 
structive of my property ; and everything 
possible was done to destroy my in- 
fluence ; the other was put in force to 
protect me, as I then supported a pastor 
teacher in India and was the class-leader 
of a large class in the M. E. church. 

My pastor, a Mason, conceived the 
idea that as I would be tried at some dis- 
tance from my home that to give out I 
was a good man, but beside myself on the 
bond charge, would be to my advantage, 
so he gave out ; but at the same time 
wrote me to lead the Thursday evening 
prayer meeting the day following, July 
28, 1898. This was at the time of my 
preliminary examination, to ascertain 
whether or not I had committed a crime. 
The laws of Iowa permit the accused to 
waive an examination, give bonds for ap- 
pearance at the next term of court. This 
I had done at the earnest request ol 
friends, and among others my pastor. 

The plaintiff called his witnesses and 
had them examined, thinking no doubt 
to terrify me by their numbers and the 
clear contrast between their oaths and 
my printed statements. 

I appeared in court with no assistant 
counsel, with all the friends of thirty 
years silent and apprehensive of disaster 
to me. In the examination of trial jurors 
I asked each, "Did you ever take the 
oath or obligation of a Master Mason?" 
Objected to, argued to court, a Mason, 
and objection sustained. This was my 
ground for appealing to the supreme 
court, and was a source of annoyance to 
the plaintiff. Now a new line of pro- 
cedure was adopted. Parties were sent 
to my wife to urge her to file an informa- 
tion charging me with insanity, as the 
messengers stated this was the only 
thing that would save me from the peni- 
tentiary. She could not, and did not. 
Next a new idea struck the prosecution, 
and two messengers were sent to me with 
flattery, and gravely informed me that in 

view of my long life of good works tne 
neighbors had raised my fine and costs 
and they had the money to set me free. 
I resented their good offices with all the 
force human nature could summon; so 
much so that we were all in tears, and 
they promised me that they would not at- 
tempt to pay either fine or costs. There 
was a lawyer in the party, and he re- 
quested for himself the privilege of say- 
ing a few words to the jury, which I 
granted, and later found I had done my- 
self a wrong. 

When I came home and found the at- 
tempt to impose on Mrs. Bruce's fears, I 
said, "I am not beside myself, and the 
parties who were the cause of all this 
trouble will be in the asylum before 1 
am." The statement was given out, and 
in a short time the one whose bond had 
been changed acted so queerly that he 
was sent to California for relief. Not long 
ago his wife, fearing the worst, sent to 
have him brought back to Iowa. He 
came to his old home and was quiet for a 
few weeks ; then his condition made it 
absolutely necessary to confine him in an 
asylum. He was sent to the asylum in 
Independence, Iowa, where he died May 
2, 1902, and was buried by the Masons at 
Rolfe, Iowa, with great display, as the 
enclosed report of the press shows. 

God still reigns, and executes ven- 
geance in his own time and way. To 
Him be all the glory. My fine and costs 
were paid, but not bv me or my friends. 


Rolfe, May 8, 1902. 


Illinois Society Among Those Barred From 
Doing: Business in Texas. 

Austin, Texas, May 7.— In the District 
Court to-day judgment was rendered by 
Judge F. G. Morris in favor of the State of 
Texas against seven fraternal associations 
that were sued for forfeiture of charter, and 
the following associations are prohibited 
from doing business in this State: Bohe- 
mian-Slavonian Society of the United States 
of America, of Illinois. Commonwealth Prov- 
ident Association of Boston. Eagle Life Asso- 
ciation of Boston. Knights of Equity of the 
World of Missouri. Royal Fraternal Union 
of Missouri. Royal Templars of Temperance 
of New York ;md In ion Fraternal League of 



July, 1902. 

The New Book In the Coils; 

Advanced orders are asked for a book that every 
Christian should own and read to his children. 
We ought to have a thousand advance orders to 
meet the expense of getting out the first edition. 
Who will help? The price of "Modern Secret So- 
cieties" is 50 cents, in paper cover, and 75 cents in 

Modern Qecret Societies 


President Wheaton College, President National 
Christian Association, ex-President Sabbath Asso- 
ciation of Illinois, etc. 

A brief treatise for busy people and specially 
intended for ministers and teachers. 

Part I.— Clearing Away the Brush. Part II.— 
Freemasonry, Next to the Jesuits, the Most Pow- 
erful of Secret Orders. . Part III.— Related and 
Subsidiary Lodges. Part IV.— Concluding Chap- 


PART I.— Clearing Away the Brush. 

Chapter I.— Reason for Discussing the Subject 
and for the Present Publication. 

Chapter II.— Why Make Freemasonry so Promi- 

Chapter III.— Is It Possible to Know What Se- 
cret Societies Are Without Uniting with Them? 

Chapter IV.— If Evil, Why Do So Many Good Men 
Unite with Them? 

Chapter V.— Do Not Their Charities Prove Them 
to Be Helpful to Men? 

Chapter VI. --If the Church Would Do Her Duty 
Would There Be need for Lodges? 

Chapter VII. — Review of Topics Treated in 
Part I. 


Freemasonry; the Keystone of the 



Chapter I.— Freemasonry or Modern Idolatry. 

Chapter II.— The Ceremonies of the Lodge, or 
How is a Man Made a Mason. 

Chapter III.— Masonic Obligations, or the Lodge 
and Civil Government. 

Chapter IV.— Freemasonry and Woman, or the 
Lodge and the Home. 

Chapter V.— Higher Degrees. 

Chapter VI.— The Higher Degrees Continued. 

Chapter VII.— Review of Part II. 

PART III.— Related and Subsidiary Organizations. 
Chapter I.— Oddfellowship. 
Chapter II.— The Temperance Lodges'. 
Chapter III.— Insurance Lodges. 
Chapter IV. — Industrial Orders. 
Chapter V.— Patriotic lodges. 
Chapter VI.— College Fraternities. 
Chapter VII.— Review of Part III. 

PART IV.— Concluding Chapters. 

Chapter I.— The obligations of Secret Societies 
Not Masonic. 

Chapter II.— The Testimonies of Seceders. 

Chapter III.— The Opinions of Great and Good 

Chapter IV.— What do Lodge Burials Teach? 

Chapter V.— Is the Struggle Against Lodgism 

Chapter VI.— Does Testimony Against Lodgism 
Injure Churches? 

Chapter VII.— The Duty of the Hour. 


221 West Madison St., Chicago. 


The Secret Lodge Conflict. 


Fourth Edition. Cloth Bound. 300 Pages. 
Size 5x7^. Sent Postpaid for $1.10. 

This is not so much a work of fiction as an 
historical narrative. 

When the first edition was published the 
Editor of the Cynosure said of it : 

"A charming work, fit to be classed with '•Uncle 
Tom's Cabin." It is indeed less a work of fiction. 
The whole group of actors and the principal events 
of the story are living realities, drawn to the life; 
and the teachings of our great statesmen are so 
woven into the woof of the tale, that the volume is 
as valuable for a book of reference as it is agree- 
able, truthful, and useful." 

The sudden death of the author placed new and 
heavy burdens upon the widow, who has the sym- 
pathy of the readers of the Cynosure, and we trust 
will have a large patronage for this book. 

Send orders to the 




innjipr' 5 




336 Pages. 
Cloth, 5x71^, Postpaid, : One Dollar 

There is nothing so interesting to the human 
heart as human experience; and this volume, set-' 
ting forth scenes in the life of Rev. Sherlock Bris- 
tol, presents a wider range of experience in many 
lines of thought and action, and a greater variety 
of adventures than are often found concentrated in 
a single human life. The book contains much that 
is amusing and inspiring. — Rev. J. H. Fairchild, 
I). D., President of Oberlin College. 

Rev. Sherlock Bristol now lives in Los Angeles. 
Cal. The Editor of the Cynosure began the perusal 
of "The Pioneer Preacher" as a duty, which soon 
changed into keenest pleasure. The price is $1, 
postpaid. And anyone dissatisfied after reading 
will have the dollar refunded upon the return of 
the book. The late President Fairchild, of Oberlin, 
from whom we quote above, picked up this book 
for a half hour's scanning, but did not lay it down 
until he had read it through. Address 

: 21 West Madison St. - Chicago, Ills 





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(Murdered September, 1H-Jti > 



College Fraternities 146 

How I Became an Anti-Mason 348 

Masonic Murders! 149 

The Rev. D. D. Odell Dead. 150 

More than Two or Three Witnesses .-...'. 150 

A Deacon's Opinion 150 

Freemasonry in Legislature and Con- 
gress • 151 

A Glimpse of Scotch Rite Masonry 152 

News of Our Work 155 

Leckrone in Pennsylvania 155 

Receiving and Imparting Blessings 155 

Why He Was Dumb 157 

Voices from the Lodge. 158 

Patron Saint 158 

It Sounds Fine 158; 

Familiar History 158. 

Negation .158 

Inside Testimony 158 

Neither Claimed Nor Admitted 159 

Eastern Star Shut Out 159' 

Suicide of a Mason 159 

Oath-Bound Cabal 160 

How Freemasonry Saved Twoi Lives. • • • 160 

Youngest Thirty-third Degree Mason . , . 160 

A Theology for Masons ... 160 

The Best Men 161 

A Hard Task .' 161 

Regular System of Science 162 

Alphabetical Abuse 162. 

Scottish Rite Tastes J 62 

Young Men and Secret Societies 163 

Brass Molders' Union 163 

Steer Clear of All 164 

The Wesley an Methodist 164 

Lodgism and the R. P. Church 165 

The Slanderers Confused 166 

Our Conclusions ... 166 

The Shibboleth Refuted . 167 

Lodge vs. Church 167 

A Glimpse of Masonic Thought 167 

Mexican Masonry 168 

China and Secret Societies 169 

Royal Neighbors of America 169 



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"Jesus answered him,— I spake openly to the world; aud in secret have I said nothing." John 18:20. 




The Christian Cynosure. 

Official Organ of the National 
Christian Association. 


221 West Madison St., Chicago. 

Entered at the Postoffice, Chicago, 111., as second 
class matter. 

We have in this country a Catholic Se- 
cret Society Trust. The secret lodges of 
the Roman Catholic Church are now fed- 
erated. Their national conference last 
month proved the movement to be suc- 
cessful. It will increase their political 
power in this country a hundred fold. 

Catholic lodgemen are as loud in dis- 
claiming any political object as are the 
Freemasons. But the public are not en- 
tirely ignorant of their manipulation of 
government funds for Indian schools, the 
turning of the Bible out of the Public 
Schools, and the crowding of Catholics 
into positions in the schools, on the police 
force, and into the fire department. 

The federation of the Catholic lodges 
has greatly stimulated local societies. The 
Ancient Order of Hibernians has in- 
creased its membership in Illinois in the 
past year thirty-five per cent. It now has 
organizations in fifty-one counties, and 
Divisions are being formed in others. The 
"Mollie Maguires" of Pennsylvania is a 
local name for this order. 

In an editorial of the Chicago Inter 
( )cean in 1894 it said of the Catholics in 
Chicago: "They fill the offices of the 
Mayor, Chief of Police, Chief of Fire De- 
partment, Postmaster, State's Attorney, 
Clerks of the Circuit and Probate and Su- 

preme Courts, a number of the Judges, 
forty-five of the sixty-eight Aldermen, 
sixty-seven per cent of the school teach- 
ers, eighty per cent of the fire department, 
ninety per cent of the police force, and 
nearly all the candidates for possible fu- 
ture places. Now, if any one says that a 
minority sect gets all these plums and 
preferences without a SECRET OR- 
GANIZATION working incessantly and 
ubiquitously to that end, then we must 
admit that Americans import and do not 
produce their supply of brains." 

Royal Neighbors of America is the ti- 
tle of the auxiliary branch of the Mod- 
ern Woodmen, to which members of the 
latter and women relatives are eligible. 
It has been established only a few years. 
This branch of the order pays death 
benefits also. The membership is of two 
varieties, beneficiary and fraternal. We 
publish the esoteric ritual in this num- 

The commendations of the article in 
the last number of The Cynosure on 
"Trade and Labor Unions'' are well de- 
served. It is understood that the report 
was written by Rev. R. C. Wylie. D. D., 
of Pittsburg, Pa. Those who have not 
done so will do well to turn back and 
read it. If it is desired for circulation 
in tract form, it can be had for 50 cents 
per hundred by addressing Rev. S. G. 
Shaw, 24 Antrim street. Cambridge, 

Will the friends in Wisconsin give 
earnest heed to the letter in this number 
from W r . B. Stoddard? He will work in 
Wisconsin during September and in 
Iowa during ( )ctober. Do you want him 
to visit your place? Can you help him 
in the work? Will you write to him at 
this office? 



September, 1902. 



A Student's Experience in the Boston Uni- 


The battle of anti-secretism must be 
fought in our Institutions of Education. 
Our Public School System should be used 
against the Lodge as it is being used 
against the saloon. In all our States the 
evil effects of intoxicating drinks upon 
the human system is taught in the public 
schools. Why should not the insidious 
and crafty and destructive work of the 
Lodge be taught in our public schools? 
Daniel Webster declared it to be an axiom 
of truth that "the right of the state to 
punish crime involved the duty to teach 

If the state has the right to punish 
drunkenness, the drunkard and the 
drunkard-maker, then it is the state's duty 
to teach the duty of sobriety and the rea- 
sons why alcoholic drinks should be 

If the state has the right to punish per- 
jury, then it is the duty of the state to 
teach the nature of an oath, its sacred 
character, and the sin and danger of per- 
verting it as the lodge continually does. 
If it is the duty of the state to punish 
those who participate in the secret con- 
claves of 'he Anarchists on the ground 
that "the public safety is supreme law," 
then those identified with the secret lodge 
system should be obnoxious to the same 
pains and penalties, and the public school 
is the place for inculcating these doctrines 
in the public mind. 

If the open, free, public discussion of 
all questions is the life of the Republic, 
then the secret methods of the lodge are 
dangerous and should be abolished. If 
the clan spirit, the separation of society 
by caste, the partitioning of society into 
classes by the artificial distinction of 
wealth and birth and orders, be a public 
evil, then all lodges should be outlawed. 
And the public schools should teach men 

But our colleges and universities are 
under the same obligations that rest upon 
the oublic schools. And here the situation 

is appalling. With a few exceptions, 
these institutions have been invaded by 
Greek Fraternities, and instead of being 
a break-water against the incoming tide 
of secretism that is sweeping our coun- 
try, they have taken down the gates. They 
have imitated the foolish Trojans who 
opened their gates and broke their wall 
to receive the horse that the Greeks of- 
fered as a gift. But the wooden beast 
was filled with Greek soldiers. And 
when the horse's leader struck it on the 
breast the soldiers ran to the other side 
within, making a great noise which the 
Trojans thought was a groan from the 
beast because it was smitten. And as soon 
as it was within the walls the soldiers 
came out and made a speedy work of de- 
struction in Troy. 

These Greek Letter Fraternities are 
within the walls of our institutions of 
higher education. They have seized the 
guards and taken possession of the cita- 
del. It was the sad fate of Casandra, the 
prophetess of Troy, to prophecy defeat, 
and not to be believed. One who pre- 
dicts that these Greeks will be the de- 
struction of our educational institutions 
and of this Republic unless they be cast 
out and kept out, is not only disbelieved 
but regarded as a troubler whom the 
people are warned to disregard. I wish 
to say that energy, courage and firm re- 
liance upon principles and unshaken con- 
fidence in the God of truth are just as po- 
tent to-day as in the days of the Apostles. 
They confronted evils in high places and 
overcame them. Paul says : "We wrestle 
not against flesh and blood, but against 
principalities, against powers, against 
the rulers of the darkness of this world, 
against spiritual wickedness in high 
places." "The weapons of our warfare 
are not carnal, but mighty through God 
to the pulling down of strongholds." 
"And they overcame by the blood of the 
Lamb and by the word of their testi- 

A little personal experience will illus- 
trate our meaning. Three years ago, the 
son of your correspondent, A. Turner 
Foster, entered Boston University from 
the Boston Latin School. He found there 
a number of Greek Letter Fraternities. 
They held in their membership a working 
majority of the students, both boys and 
girls. The result was that the honors 

September, 1902. 



and preferments, so far as they depended 
upon the suffrages of the students, were 
manipulated by them. This was accept- 
ed as the fixed order of things, and no one 
seemed to question it or even suppose it 
possible to change it. As usual he re- 
ceived overtures from one and another of 
these fraternities, inviting him to join 
and each holding out its special induce- 
ment. The case was canvassed thorough- 
ly in our study between father and son. 
His case was like this : "The fraternities 
are all the go in the University. The so- 
cial life of the institution is in their hands. 
The University magazine, The Beacon, a 
monthly, is controlled by them. The hon- 
ors are carried off by the members of 
these Greek societies. To stay out of 
them means to be ostracized from the 
greater part of University life." The 
other side was put in this light : "The first 
question always is, What is the moral 
character of the step proposed ? Are these 
Greek fraternities right? Are they 
wrong ? Are they harmless ? A careful 
investigation has convinced me. that they 
are neither harmless nor right, but alto- 
gether wrong. They adopt secret meth- 
ods and that is in direct opposition to the 
kingdom of our Lord. Secrecy is dark- 
ness and that allies them with the king- 
dom of darkness, and that kingdom be- 
longs to the evil one. The kingdom of 
light uses open methods altogether. Christ 
said : Tn secret have I said nothing, I 
ever spake openly.' Some of them exist 
for social entertainment and preferment. 
They select those who are the greatest 
forces socially. And those who are weak 
socially are left out. That is, those who 
do not need this aid are selected, while 
those who do need social uplift are left. 
Others exist for literary culture. They 
ask the best scholars to join their ranks, 
while the poor student who needs the 
stimulus of their betters are not called. 
The very fact that you mention, namely, 
that the Greek societies take all the Uni- 
versity honors and leave those outside 
without them, marks these orders as es- 
sentially and basely selfish. A noble and 
upright young man or woman should 
scorn the idea of being identified with 
such gross, downright selfishness. And 
furthermore: These Greek fraternities 
pave the way for the more objectionable 
orders that meet the students after their 

graduation. The secrecy habit is culti- 
vated in college in the Greek orders and 
in after life it seeks its gratification in 
the Masonic or Odd Fellows' lodge. 

"If one proposes to be a witness against 
the secret lodge system, the University 
is the place to begin. So than joining a 
Greek fraternity is not a duty, it is not a 
privilege, it is not a harmless step, but is 
a positive wrong. And it can be affirmed 
without fear, that doing wrong always 
brings defeat ultimately, while doing 
right, in the long run, brings victory. 
Let this be your plan. Study the question 
thoroughly. And when you are accosted 
by the Greeks, quietly give them your 
reasons for not acceding to their proposal. 
That will put them on the defensive, and 
you will be surprised how they will be 
puzzled with your reasons, which they 
have never heard before. And this will 
give you a standing among them which 
you could not otherwise have. They will 
respect one who opposes them and whose 
arguments they cannot answer. And this 
will soon become the talk of the Univer- 
sity, and the non-fraternity boys and girls 
will be encouraged, and you will find al- 
lies among them more and stronger than 
you imagined. If you should succeed in 
carrying the day against the Greeks it 
would be a victory for life. And even if 
you accomplished nothing but agitation, 
it would be a stirring of the stagnant 
waters that would bring a new lease of 

This method was adopted. The Greek 
students thought they could go through 
his arguments like a wild boar through a 
vineyard and trample them under their 
feet. But the more they considered the 
more they were baffled. The tall student, 
who opposed Greek fraternities, became 
the cynosure of all eyes. The non-fra- 
ternity students were encouraged and 
came to the help of the cause. The tide 
began to change. And at the elections 
last spring, to the surprise and dismay of 
the Greeks, the non-frats carried the day. 
They gained control of The Beacon and 
elected their representatives for the po- 
sitions of honor and trust. We are fully 
persuaded that the need 01 the day is, men 
of principle, devoted to the cause of truth, 
who are willing "to make the venture" for 
Christ, and do their duty without regard 
to consequences. 



September, 1902. 



When Brother John and I went to 
Chicago looking- for libraries, reading 
rooms, etc., we found a Free Reading 
Room at the Carpenter Building, 221 
West Madison street, unfortunately, it 
was not a popular place. Not many at- 
tended or frequented it. Just why it 
was kept up not many understood. It 
wasn't a paying institution. The ex- 
penses for the janitor alone could not 
have been less than one dollar a day. 

The National Christian Association 
had a hall that they rented. This hall 
some of my acquaintances used for a de- 
bating society, of which I was a member. 
Occasionally, on being early or the like, 
I would glance for a few moments at the 
contents of the reading room. 

One evening after debate on coming 
down stairs and passing a smaller hall 
on the floor below I noticed a peculiar 
meeting going on. It proved to be that 
of a number of Anti-Masons openly 
working or exposing one of the degree^ 
of Blue Lodge Masonry. I looked on 
for a moment, shook my head and went 
on home. The next morning I noticed 
in the Chicago Times a paragraph to the 
effect that a number of cranks collected 
at 221 West Madison street were pur- 
porting to work the degrees and to ex- 
pose Masonry. When evening came I 
said to my brother I believed I'd go over 
and take a look at it again, anyway. And 
I don't think that the Chicago Times 
could have ridiculed the proceedings 
more than I myself. The idea seemed 
so preposterous that I, being disgusted, 
began to argue with those at the door 
of the hall. 

From that reading room and those 
lectures dates my knowledge of Mason- 
rv, and of the whole un-Christian, anti- 
Christian brood of secrecy. This was, 
perhaps, in the winter of '78-79. From 
that time on my interest in the subject 
not only continued, but increased. 
Though it was not without a severe 
struggle, for it lay along a line of un- 

From the beginning two points gained 
and riveted my attention. Were these 

exposures and revelations of Masonry 
certainly true? If true, why did not the 
fraternity hasten to change them ? Here, 
to be sure, opened a vast field of inquiry. 
During the following winter, I think of 
'79-80, I was permitted and enabled to 
attend the Anti-Secrecy Annual Conven- 
tion at Galesburg, 111. Here I took some 
part in selling the books of the Associa- 
tion, and also at making drawings on 
canvas signs representing the candidate 
taking the oath of the different degrees, 
for use in the work and to advertise the 
doings of the convention. Again, in the 
following winer of, I believe, '80-81, I 
had the privilege of attending the annual 
convention of the Association at Grand 
Rapids, Mich. Here again assisting at 
selling books. Again, along about this 
time, and continuing for a year or more, 
I assisted at the Association's Book 
Stand in the Chicago Exposition. In all 
these instances I met with fierce opposi- 
tion, and not infrequently with heated 

During these several conventions v 1 
was sometimes called to take a place in 
public degree work, as conducted by 
some representative seceding Mason, 
whose intimate acquaintance I thus had 
the rare opportunity of forming. 

It is on this feature of my knowledge 
of Masonry that much of my conviction 
rests, and has rested, that these books 
purporting to expose and reveal Free 
Masonry are correct. Repeatedly see- 
ing the degrees of Masonry worked by 
seceding Masons from different States, 
and by those who had never seen each 
other before, was an item of proot of the 
accuracy of the books, beyond refutation 

Again, in selling the books, I found 
that perhaps more were sold to enthusi- 
astic, would-be bright Masons, than to 
anyone else. They bought them for the 
purpose of posting up. 

I shall, during all my life, consid- 
er it one of the most gracious Providenc- 
es that I was led to the National Chris- 
tian Association, and preserved from the 
appalling pitfalls of Masonry, from its in- 
bred, constitutional hostility to civil and 
religious liberty, from its slavery, from 
its despotism, from its irreligion, from its 
deism, and, not least, from its fatal, not 
to say all but hypnotizing power to turn 
the world awav from the true God, to 

September, L902. 



embrace a merely natural religion, the 
chief feature of which shall be, simply 
"one in which all men shall agree." 

And now, I owe a lasting, lifelong 
debt of gratitude that, through the agen- 
cies above mentioned, I have been en- 
abled to become informed, and intelli- 
gently informed, to the end of making 
myself useful in preserving others from 
lodge slavery, a calamity unspeakable. 
For lodgery is both an agency of organ- 
ized anti-Christ on the one hand, and of 
individual slavery and civil despotism on 
the other. 

If Masonry has been truly exposed, 
and its disgraceful, horrifying enormities 
laid bare, why don't men change it? The 
answer to this is found in its own writ- 
ings : "Masonry/' say the books, "is 
unchanged and unchangeable. To 
change it would be to break it up." 


(Continued from August Cynosure.) 

The facts relating to this murder, it 
the deed had been done by an individual, 
would have convicted capitally, though 
only presumptive evidence. 

Captain Ariel Murdock was a Mason. 
His wife, an intelligent, respectable 
woman, obtained a copy of Jachin and 
Boaz. She learned it to a considerable 
degree of perfection, could talk it cor- 
rectly, which she frequently did — and 
often, for the entertainment of her neigh- 
bors, would act the lodge in going over 
the ceremonies. 

Mr. M. had a difference with a brother 
Mason, who had borrowed from and 
then defrauded him out of a sum ot 
money. This man had before been his 
bosom friend. On account of this differ- 
ence he absented himself for some 
months before his death from the lodge. 
The man who had cheated him hated 
him ; and it was supposed that, through 
him, he was represented as having in- 
structed his wife in the mysteries and 
ceremonies she had learned from Jachin 
and Boaz. 

The day previous to his death Masons 
called on him. They were a long time 
closeted with him. Their errand, or con- 
versation, they never accounted for. Dur- 
ing the same day, Mr. Murdock left the 

house, supposed with the Masons, and 
never returned. His absence created 
great uneasiness in the family, but the 
Masons hovered around, consoled them, 
and promised his return, bidding them 
be composed. The next morning Ma- 
sons brought word that he was found a 
corpse in the adjoining woods. He was 
found with a bruise on his head — his 
throat horribly cut — and had several 
stabs under his left breast ! The ground 
round where he lay was much disturbed, 
as if he had struggled. Blood had spout- 
ed from him on a tree near where he lav, 
and had been whittled off with a knife ! 
His family found difficulty to approach 
him, the Masons making them stand 
back ! They pretended that all was sui- 
cide. The knife was in his hand as if he 
had himself done the deed — which was 
impossible ! They procured a coffin at 
their own expense ; he was laid out in the 
woods ! and borne from thence the same 
day to the place of interment ! Xo rea- 
son was given to the family for this ex- 
traordinary conduct. The murdered man 
had on a new linen shirt. It was cut 
across from one side to the other, ac- 
cording to the obligation of a Master 
Mason J ! ! 

As soon as this tragedy was over, Mr. 
M. was calumniated; he was represented 
as having murdered himself ; as having 
been deranged, and by other means. One 
of his supposed Masonic murderers was 
many years after seen in Philadelphia, a 
wretched vagabond. On being asked 
how he came on, he exclaimed: "Good 
God ! only look at my condition — I have 
not enjoyed a happy day since I left Ren- 
sellaerville !" (the place where Murdock 
was murdered). 
—The Sun. Philadelphia, 1881. 
(To be Continued.) 

Two insurance men went into a house 
a few weeks ago, asking the woman of 
the house if she would insure her life. 
She said: "My life is insured." "In 
what company?" they asked. 'The com- 
pany of the Lord Jesus Christ." '"Ah, 
but you won't have anything at death," 
said they. "Yes, I shall have everlasting 
life." said the woman. The men walked 
out of the house in amazement. 



September, 1902. 


This number has been delayed through the 
serious illness of Editor Phillips. His full 
recovery seems now perfectly assured. 

Labor has a perfect right to organize. 
It ought, as any other association, to pro- 
tect its interests. But labor unions, as at 
present organized and managed, are sub- 
versive of good morals, good citizenship 
and good government. Crimes of vari- 
ous magnitude have taken place. Seven 
murders were committed in one place in 
Illinois. Lodge teaching justifies the 
union laborers. It says to its members : 
You have an equity in your job that no 
one has a right to deprive you of. No 
matter if you have quit it, and refuse to 
work, the job is still yours, and it is your 
duty to defend your own. This is the 
labor unions' eleventh commandment ; 
"You shall not steal your neighbor's 
job." "But," says the man who needs 
work and wants to work, "you have left 
the job." "Yes," say the labor unions, 
"but I have an equity in it and will de- 
fend my rights." And he does by intimi- 
dation, injury and, if necessary, murder. 
The teaching of bad morals is followed 
by worse deeds. The constitutional 
rights of free labor are denied, govern- 
ment by law is derided, and where judges 
are true they are threatened. The mili- 
tary system of obedience to the walking 
delegate is eating out true American 
manliness. The teaching of such bad 
morals as the eleventh commandment 
quoted above is barbarizing. It is time 
that pulpits and papers call a halt. 


His Connection With a Treasonable Organi- 

Omaha, Neb., April 2— The Rev. D. D. 
Odell, who died to-day in Joliet, 111. was a 
resident of Omaha for a number of years 
and had a remarkable career. 

Dr. Odell was chaplain of a regiment dur- 
ing the war with Spain, and while in Cuba 
violated certain rules, and in consequence 
had a misunderstanding with Brigadier Gen- 
eral Fred Grant. 

The Chaplain voluntered to cross country 
in Cuba for the mails. He lost his way and 

was captured by a Spanish command. Upon 
being taken before the Spanish commander, 
Mr. Odell, finding him a high Mason, to 
which order he himself belonged, was re*- 
leased. His money, revolver and mails were 
returned to him, and he was sent forward 
with a guard of Spanish soldiers to his des- 




'Tn secret have I said nothing." — 
Jesus of Nazareth. 

"Be not unequally yoked together 
with unbelievers." — Paul of Tarsus. 

"Blessed is the man that walketh not 
in the counsel of the ungodly." — David 
the Psalmist. 

"They are a great evil." — Wendell 

"Come out from the lodge." — Dwight 
L. Moody. 

"Whatever in it is not babyish is dan- 
gerous." — Chancellor Howard Crosby. 

"We know no government save our 
own." — Grand Lodge of Missouri. 

"All secret, oath-bound political par- 
ties are dangerous to any nation." — Gen- 
eral U. S. Grant. 

"Their plan is to keep out any one 
who is likely to need anything." — Presi- 
dent C. A.. Blanchard. 

"I have no sympathy with secret oath- 
bound societies." — Rev. W. G. Moore- 
head, D. D., Xenia, Ohio. 

"They incite a passion for trickery and 
wire-pulling." — Mrs. A. J. Gordon, Pres- 
ident Boston W. C. T. U. 

"Are dangerous to the general cause 
of liberty and are opposed to Christian 
principles." — Joseph Cook, of Boston. 

"To be a good Mason and a good 
Christian at the same time would be trea- 
son to Christ." — Rev. B. T. Roberts, for- 
mer editor of the Free Methodist. 


One who is now a reader of The Cyno- 
sure had a written discussion with a man 
who was senior deacon of a Masonic 
lodge. At one point the deacon thought 
his correspondent inclined to suspect 
him of a view which he would not ad- 
mit and he answered as follows : 

"The question of Ultimate Cause has 

September, 1902. 



not been raised between us and I defy 
you to find in any of my papers a denial 
of the existence of a God — any argu- 
ment that could stamp me an atheist. 
What I do deny is the existence of the 
Jewish Jehovah and that the Christian 
Bible is anything but the work of man. 
Because I deny these it does not follow 
that I have no conception of a divine 

"I cannot evade the conclusion, in my 
present state of knowledge, that some- 
thing very like intelligence must exist 
and pervade every particle of matter, and 
I am content to call this unknown and 
probably unknowable essence, God." 

This is the faith of a deacon. If he 
had been an avowed atheist he could not 
have been initiated, being somewhat less 
than an atheist in his own opinion he 
could be appointed deacon. Whether 
the lodge of which he was deacon was 
necessarily in any marked degree Chris- 
tian, the reader's good sense may be 
able to decide. 

The Junior Deacon was very profane. 

The "handmaid" had its lodge in an 
upper room of the church building. The 
church also had two deacons, but neither 
of them had subscribed to the foregoing 
creed. In spite of not being atheists, 
neither of the upstairs deacons could 
have officiated in the audience room. 

So far as church offices were concern- 
ed, both were left to the enjoyment of 
their higher position. The Sunday School 
met in the room under the lodge. Com- 
pare the tendency to be tributary to the 
church. How many residents of a New 
England village would find the deacon's 
faith a stepping stone to the Christian 
life or a guide to the Christ? 

The person to whom this was address- 
ed was pastor of that church and was 
considered almost out of the line of his 
duty, though he hardly named the lodge 
publicly, if he so preached as to empha- 
size doctrine which the lodge felt un- 
welcome. He was remonstrated with for 
preaching a missionary sermon in which 
he entered into some explanation of pa- 
ganism. Is it any wonder that he reads 
The Cynosure and has ever since been 
interested in its contents, and in sym- 
pathy with its representations? 


An act of incorporation was sought by 
Washington Masons in 1864 by means 
of Senate bill 130. Of this bill Senator 
Doolittle said it is the "most compre- 
hensive section I ever saw put into law. 
There is no limit as to stock, and no limit 
as to real estate, and under this, the cor- 
poration created might buy the City of 
Washington, run all the hotels, and per- 
haps all the banking establishments in 
the District." 

A similar attempt was made in the 
Massachusetts legislature in 1896, by 
means of " an Act concerning the Trus- 
tees of the Masonic Fraternity of Worces- 
ter, Mass. 

"Be it enacted by the Senate and 
House of Representatives in General 
Court assembled, and by the authority of 
the same, as follows: 

"Section 1. The Trustees of the Ma- 
sonic Fraternity of Worcester, Mass., 
are hereby authorized to lease, furnish, 
equip and sub-let such real estate as it 
may think desirable for the use of the 
Fraternity of Free and Accepted Ma- 
sons in the City of Worcester. 

"Sec. 2. This act shall take effect 
upon its passage." 

This has the same unlimited range as 
regards real estate as Senator Doolittle 
found in the other bill, unless there is a 
limitation in the phrase "for the use of 
the fraternity" w T hen litigation might 
turn on the word "use," if, indeed, the 
question could proceed to litigation. 

A free hand is given the Board of 
Trustees by the phrase "think desirable." 
The English of this act is truly masonic 
and reminds one of fraternal journals. 
The Trustees is authorized. The Trus- 
tees may lease as it thinks, etc. This 
probably fits the Asiatic affiliation, for it 
is like the answer the missionary's little 
boy made his aunt when he was in this 
country : 

"Did Miss come and see you 

when you were sick?" 

"No, she was so sick itself he couldn't 



September, 1902. 


Prince of the Tabernacle. 

(Continued from July Cynosure.) 

In the twenty-fourth degree or Prince 
of the Tabernacle the candidate's action 
consists mainly in taking an oath. In the 
main part of the degree he is a receiver, 
not an actor. He kneels as required, 
placing his hand upon the book of the 
law, answers questions propounded by 
the Senior Deacon, concluding the same 
with an oath that the answers are true, 
in proof of the same kissing the book (or 

The Senior Deacon then explains to 
the candidate the symbols about him. 
The equilateral triangle, the square, the 
compasses, the three lights, the two col- 
umns, the plumb, the level, the blazing 
star, the rough stone, and the perfect 

The Senior Deacon then blinds him, 
and a prolonged review of what he has 
previously learned follows. With the 
help of Senior and Junior Deacons he 
says : "God, He, Van, He," and after 
further delay he is admitted, his right 
arm bared and made to feel the heat of 
a lighted candle. By this he is ever to 
be reminded that he who rashly assumes 
to perform an office for which he is unfit 
deserveth the fate of Nadab and Abihu. 
After being conducted slowly three 
times around the room and listening to 
an address from the Thrice Puissant, 
water is poured on his head, to remind 
him that none but the pure in heart can 
be admitted to the Holy Tabernacle. 
After a second march three times around 
the room candidate is caused to kneel 
upon sand and gravel to teach him gen- 
erosity. In the East, the candidate is 
tested by air put in motion by fans, after 
a further medley he kneels before the 
altar and contracts the 

Obligation of the Prince of the Taberuacle. 

First. Never to reveal the secrets of 
the degree to any who have not received 
ail the preceding degrees, and not to 
them unless lawfully entitled to receive 

Second. To abide by the laws, stat- 
utes and regulations of the Hierarchy of 
Princes of the Tabernacle ; also 

Third. To stand to the statutes and 

regulations of the Supreme Council and 
Sovereign Grand Consistory of the Uni- 
ted States of America, their territories 
and dependencies and of the Grand. Con- 
sistory of the State of while 

remaining under its jurisdiction. All un- 
der penalty of being consumed with fire 
from heaven and having his ashes flung 
into the air and blown to the four cor- 
ners of the earth. 

The blindfold, at this point, is re- 
moved, and after remarks, the candidate 
is anointed with oil. The tip of his right 
ear, the thumb of his right hand, the toe 
of his right foot and his garments are 
touched (the garments sprinkled) with 
a red liquid called blood. Candidate is 
then invested with signs, grip, words, in- 
signia and jewel. The hierarchy of 
Princes of the Tabernacle is then for- 
mally closed. 

Did time and space permit the whole 
of this degree would be spread before the 
reader, with the scholarly, philosophical 
analysis following, as found in Scotch 
Rite Masonry Illustrated. Of such or- 
ganizations President George Washing- 
ton bade us beware, saying that : 

"They are likely in the course of time 
and things to become potent engines, by 
which cunning, ambitious and unprinci- 
pled men will be anbled to subvert the 
power of the people." 

Knigrht of the Brazen Serpent. 

In the twenty-fifth degree, Knights of 
the Brazen Serpent, the candidate, repre- 
senting a descendant of Reuben, who re- 
buked his brethren for dishonoring God 
and murmuring against Moses, is given 
a seat of honor. The Grand Master per- 
sonating Moses sends a brazen serpent 
by looking at .which the bitten people 
were healed. The brazen serpent, having 
completed its work, is given to the can- 
didate and all the "Court of Sinai" kneel 
with the candidate while he takes the 

Obligation of the Knights of the Brazen 

First. Never to reveal the secrets of 
this degree of Knights of the Brazen Ser- 
pent to any who have not taken all the 
preceding degrees ; under penalty of hav- 
ing his heart eaten by the most venom- 
ous of serpents. 

He is then invested with the signs, 
tokens and word of the degree, with its 

September, 1902. 



insignia and jewel, and the lodge is 
closed in prescribed form. 

Thus step by step the Scripture is de- 
graded by pantomimic uses and man's 
belief in it and reverence for it weakened 
or destroyed. 

Prince of Mercy. 

In the twenty-sixth degree, or Prince 
of Mercy, the candidate, clad in a plain 
white robe, barefooted and hoodwinked, 
after having washed his hands in water, 
is admitted to the Chapter where the 
Princes of Mercy are assembled and con- 
ducted nine times around the room, while 
the Most Excellent reads inspired and 
uninspired quotations concerning Christ. 
After a few questions about the candi- 
date he is led to the altar and binds him- 
self with an 

Obligation of the Prince of Mercy. 

First. Never to reveal the secrets of 
the degree to any who have not taken all 
the preceding degrees in regular, consti- 
tutional manner. 

Second. Not to confer or assist in 
conferring the degree but by virtue of a 
patent or warrant from a Sovereign or 
Deputy Grand Inspector General or a 
regular Consistory of Princes of the 
Royal Secret, 32d degree, and then only 
upon persons of pure life and irreproach- 
able manners and morals. 

Third. To maintain fealty and alle- 
giance, to this 3-2d degree, under penalty 
of being cast out and despised by the 
whole universe. 

After taking the obligation the band- 
age is removed and candidate's attention 
called to a luminous Delta. The signs, 
token and word of the degree are given 
him, after which he attends to a lecture 
in the progress of which he has water 
poured upon his head, a "tau Cross" of 
perfumed oil drawn by the finger of the 
Senior Deacon upon his forehead, and is 
presented with a "tessera or mark." 

The closing ceremonies then follow in 
prescribed form. 

Many a time in descending from the 
first to the twenty-sixth degree has the 
Freemason been brought to the Masonic 
light which is spiritual darkness, and 
how great is that darkness ? 

Commander of the Temple. 

In the twenty-seventh degree, 01 
Commander of the Temple, the lodge is 

styled a Court, the candidate dressed in 
a white mantle with a black cross upon 
the left breast, is blindfolded and seated 
in a small room, on a chair, in front of a 
table upon which are a light, a skull and 
crossbones, Bible and square and com- 
passes. Upon signal the candidate re- 
moves the bandage from his eyes, reads 
the questions that he is to answer in 
writing, which in substance have been 
answered by him before ; they relate to 
the violation of Masonic obligations, to 
the assistance of the needy, to the for- 
giveness of enemies and to drawing the 
sword in defense of truth. The candi- 
date, after satisfactory answers have been 
presented, is admitted and questioned by 
the Grand Commander ; after this, with 
his hands upon the blades of the swords 
of three Knights who hold them crossed 
before him upon the Bible he takes the 

Obligation of Commander of the Temple. 

First. To keep the secrets of this de- 

Second. Never to be present or assist 
in conferring the degree on any person 
except it be in a regular Court of Com- 
manders of the Temple, or by virtue of 
a Patent from a Supreme Council or 
from a Sovereign or Deputy Grand In- 
spector General, under penalty of being 
an object of horror to all men and to 

Candidate then receives the signs, to- 
ken and password of the degree, a laurel 
crown, a palm ornamented with five 
crosses, an apron, gloves, jew r el and col- 
lar. The History of the Degree is then 
rehearsed to him, after which the Chap- 
ter is closed in prescribed form. 

Mackey writes : 'The twenty-sev- 
enth degree does not deserve to be 
classed in the Scottish Rite as a degree. 
* * * I imagine that it has been in- 
tercalated only to supply an hiatus, and 
as a memorial of an Order once justly 

It must have occurred to the reader 
that most of these degrees are only sup- 
plying hiatuses. Satan's substitute for 
or counterfeit of truth is the instrument 
used by the ruler of the darkness of this 
world to damage, and when possible, to 
destroy the work of the Kingdom of 

Knights of the Sun. 

In the twenty-eighth ■ degree or 



September, 1902. 

Knights of the Sun, the candidate with a 
bandage upon his eyes, a sword in his 
right hand, a mask upon his face, clothed 
in a bloody, ragged robe, fetters upon his 
arms and a crown upon his head, with a 
purse in his hand, is admitted as one who 
desires to go out of darkness and to see 
the true light, to divest himself of orig- 
inal sin, to renounce juvenile prejudices 
of error, to obey the truth, and to inspire 
others with a knowledge of it. He is 
conducted by brother Truth once around 
the temple, halts in front of Raphiel, who 
removes the bandage from his eyes, ex- 
hibiting to him three lights indicative 
of Analysis, Synthesis and Analogy. 
After a second journey around the tem- 
ple Gabriel causes him to break his 
sword, and instead of it directs him to 
bring among men the caduceus of peace. 
A third journey around the room and his 
tattered, impure garb of indolence and 
vice is removed, and he is called upon by 
Auriel to understand the moral meaning 
of the cone, which represents a Mason 
who raises himself by degrees until he 
reaches heaven. A fourth journey around 
the room and Zarachiel requires him to 
remove his mask, causing him to appear 
in honesty and innocence. After drinking 
pure water from a transparent goblet and 
contemplating the beatitude, "Blessed are 
the pure in heart," he passes again around 
the temple, halting in front of Hamaliel, 
who orders his chains removed and calls 
• his attention to the globe, an emblem oi 
true liberty, assuring him that where the 
Spirit of the Lord is there is liberty. 
After another journey around the room 
he stands before Saphael, who removes 
his crown and directs him to look to the 
cross, telling him that the meek shall in- 
herit the earth. A sixth march around 
the temple brings him to Michael, who 
causes his purse to be taken away and 
cast into the common treasury ; and re- 
quires him to be invested with the sign 
of the ardent dove, as an indication that 
his soul will ever cherish affection for 
his fellow man. The candidate is then 
.conducted to "Father Adam," who 
makes inquiries similar to those of pre- 
vious degrees, and then directs him to 
sro and on bended knees receive the sol- 

Obligation of Knights of the Snn. 

First. Never to take arms against his 
country in any conspiracy. 

Second. Never to reveal any of the 
secrets of the degree of Knights of the 
Sun, to any person or persons not quali- 
fied to receive the same. 

Third. Never to give consent to the 
admission of any one into the mysteries 
until after the most scrupulous circum- 
spection and full knowledge of his life, 
as one who has given proof of his zeal 
and fervent attachment for the order and 
submission at all times to the Consistory 
of Princes of the Royal. Secret. 

Fourth. Never to confer the degree 
without written permission from the 
Grand Consistory of from a Grand In- 
spector or Deputy. 

Fifth. To redouble his zeal for all his 
brethren Knights and Princes, under 
penalty of allowing his brethren to seize 
him and thrust his tongue through with 
a red hot iron, to pluck out his eyes, to 
deprive him of smelling and seeing, to 
cut off his hands and expose him in that 
condition to be devoured by voracious 
animals or executed by the lightning of 

Father Adam then raises candidate 
from his knees, kisses him on the fore- 
head, invests him with collar and jewel, 
and gives him sign, token and password. 
He is then seated in front of Michael, the 
orator, who delivers the history, so- 
called, of the first three degrees of Free- 
masonry, after which the Council is 
closed in prescribed form. 

What must the rational man think of 
an order in which he is ever learning 
about truth and light, but ever and anon 
ascertaining that he is yet in darkness? 
That which, in blindness, fetters and a 
filthy garb he seeks by means of sword, 
crown and money Christ, in the places 
of public resort, declared openly Free- 
masons, you need that light. It will lead 
you away from your organized secret 
methods which are just causes of suspi- 
cion and alarm, in the church, the home, 
the school and in business. It will shine 
brighter and brighter the more pro- 
foundly you study and the more closely 
you obey the Bible. To one and all of 
you we say, "Have no fellowship with 
the unfruitful works of darkness, but 
rather reprove them." " 

"I was completely Converted from 
Masonry to Christ." — President C. G. 

September, 1902. 


1 . ..". 

Hero* of ®ur Pori 

The Seventh Day Advent people are 
holding a State annual meeting here and 
I have distributed quite an amount of 
anti-secret literature. They are opposed 
to all secret societies, but do not put them- 
selves forward in an aggressive attitude. 

A. J. Millard. 

Little Rock, Ark. 

J. Franklin Browne called at The Cy- 
nosure office on his way to Wisconsin. 
Can he not be secured for the Conference 
which Secretary Stoddard hopes to hold 
in that State this month? He keeps up 
a living testimony, in harmony as ever 
with The Cynosure. Brother Browne 
has recently purchased at Cummington, 
Mass., the farm on which the poet Will- 
iam Cullen Bryant was born. He is at 
the present time agent for the Home Cor- 
respondence School of Springfield, Mass. 

Rev. James P. Stoddard, of Boston, 
writes from Northfield, Mass. : "The 
Conference for Christian Workers closed 
last night, Aug. 17. It has been the 
largest and is accounted the most suc- 
cessful of the meetings held here. I have 
succeeded in putting a large amount of 
our literature in circulation here, of 
which I will write you later. I have at- 
tended seven large gatherings since the 
1st of July. This week I go to Williman- 
tic and Mystic, Conn. At the latter place 
I am to speak twice. 


Any one of our friends wishing to 
make an investment in real estate in Des 
Moines, the capital of Iowa, and a city 
in the midst of a country which Jay 
Gould declared to be the "best agricul- 
tural country in the world," will do well 
to write to the office of The Christian 
Cynosure for particulars. 


Dear Cynosure : On the 23d of July 1 
began my tour of lecturing by two ad- 
dresses at Logansport, Pa. T then went 

to East Berlin, where I met with a large 
and enthusiastic audience on Saturday 
evening, and on Sabbath morning 1 
preached in the Brethren Church, some 
miles out in the country. In the evening 
I returned to the town and met a much 
larger audience than before. This town 
is almost free from lodge influence, and 
from the spirit manifested by its citizens, 
I judge that this happy condition will 
continue. One man, who had for many 
years been a lodge member, testified very 
strongly against the evils of the system. 

I next visited Gettysburg. Here I fell 
into the hands of Elder J. D. W. Dear- 
dorff, who took great interest in show- 
ing me over the famous Gettysburg bat- 
tlefield. While this city has great honor 
because of the great battle, yet it is 
cursed with an abundance of the lodge 
spirit. There are a few who, Elijah-like, 
are standing almost alone. Yet they are 
good soldiers, and we expect much fruit 
from our meetings there. 

I lectured also in the cities of Waynes- 
boro, Shady Grove and Upton, and gave 
two lectures at Greenspring. 

In all I have delivered thirteen lec- 
tures up to Aug. 8. I was very cordially 
received by the people everywhere, and 
I am confident that much seed fell on 
good soil. 

I will remain about two weeks longer 
in Pennsylvania before returning to Glen- 
ford, Ohio, which is my permanent post- 
office address. 

(Elder) Quincy Leckrone. 


United Brethren Camp Meeting— The Best 
Record in Twenty Years— Wisconsin in 
September, Iowa in October. 

Kauffman, Pa., Aug. 16, 1902. 
Dear Cynosure: This finds us here in 
the Cumberland Valley in a delightful 
grove, surrounded by those who have 
gathered from the adjacent country, 
towns, and cities that thev may worship 

t For many years at this season we have 
come hither that we might get the bless- 
ings found here, and also impart to others 
as we should have opportunity. (>od es- 
pecially helped us last night. We preached 
to the unconverted, urging their accept- 



September, 1902. 

ance of Christ. Bro. Paschel Martyn fol- 
lowed with an exhortation. One soul 
found Christ, and others are under con- 

Bro. Martyn has both seen and felt the 
evil effects of the Lodge. It is his ex- 
pectation i.o give more attention to work 
along the anti-secrecy line. We expect 
to hear from him through the Cynosure. 
While we greatly miss some who have 
been leaders here, who have been called 
during the year to their eternal reward, 
we are made to rejoice in the Spirit, that 
uplifts, while the cause moves forward 
guided by those whom God is raising up. 

We are glad to note the gain the anti- 
secrecy work is making in this section. 
W r e have been . accustomed to seeking out 
those who become Cynosure readers, but 
many have sought us here asking that we 
forward their renewals. One brother, re- 
ceiving but a meagre salary, subscribed 
for ten copies, that he might distribute to 
the pastors of his town, some of whom 
are drifting with the popular Lodge tide. 

The Best Record in Twenty Years. 

We find in reviewing the record that 
we delivered twenty-seven lectures and 
addresses during the month of July. This 
is the best record we have ever made dur- 
ing a summer month. A part of this 
work was in towns in the section known 
as Morrison's Cove in Blair County, 
Pennsylvania. Here we spoke in Men- 
nonite, and German Baptist Brethren- 
churches. Through the recommendation 
of friends doors were opened and meet- 
ings held in Amish Mennonite churches 
in the Kishacquillas Valley, Pennsylva- 
nia. This is a limestone valley lying be- 
tween mountains of the Blue Range, in 
Mifflin .County. Here we found many 
happy, peaceful homes, where Christ was 
enthroned in hearts and lives, but they 
are not without their troubles. Satan 
found his way into Eden's garden, and 
ever since has been giving his most pro- 
found attention to the children of light. 
The introduction and advancement of the 
lodges in this beautiful country has led 
those awake to the needs of the hour to 
welcome and sustain the anti-secrecy lec- 
turer. Fifteen lectures and addresses 
were delivered in churches near Allens- 
ville, Belleville, Mattawana and McVey- 

There were many expressions of ap- 
proval. With the exceptions of a few 
rainy evenings the attendance was large. 
Even the driving storm did not dampen 
the ardor of some who were awake to the 
need and opportunity. Our testimony 
was endorsed by seceding lodge men. Fif- 
ty more will welcome the Cynosure to 
their homes. Seed has been sown that 
will have its reaping throughout eterntiy. 

Two days were spent with friends in 
Tyrone, Pa. Here we set forth the Lodge 
Evil to those who gathered in the German 
Baptist Brethren Church on the two even- 
ings announced. 

The attendance was not large, it being 
explained that this town was largely 
given over to those who either belonged 
to the lodge, or were afraid to oppose 
them. But here, as elsewhere, their lodge 
strength is causing them to display their 
weakness and folly. Recent follies at 
funerals, etc., has disgusted those of 
piety, and thought. A reaction has set in 
which will increase with the years as 
men get to God and are blessed by him. 

Brother Coffman, the pastor of the 
church in which we spoke, has a hard 
fight, but there were on every hand indi- 
cations of advancement. We are sure 
that this testimony-bearing church is to 
have a blessed future in this sinful city. 
Five new subscribers and the giving of 
many tracts will help on the light burning 

A Glance to the Future. 

We expect to go from this camp to that 
of the Union Christians in Kreider's 
Grove, Lebanon County. Later for a lit- 
tle to Boston, Mass., thence to Chicago, 
and Wisconsin, where it is purposed to 
hold a convention. God willing we will 
be at work in Wisconsin soon after this 
reaches friends. 

Will not all the friends desiring meet- 
ings, or wishing this convention to be a 
grand success, write to our General Sec- 
retary, Wm. I. Phillips, Cynosure office? 
Shall not this gathering make a general 
forward move? Who is praying for it? 

We expect the Iowa Convention to fol- 
low in October. Let us hear what you 
are doing in the West, please. Yours in 
the conflict. 

W. B. Stoddard. 

September, 1902. 





South Robert street, St. Paul, Minn., 

Aug. 18, 1902. 

Editor of Cynosure : A member of a 
German church observed that members 
of that church belong to lodges ; and 
that his pastor never testifies against the 
lodge ; therefore he .asked me to visit his 

The pastor says that when he was a 
young' man and pastor of another church 
he had attended anti-secret society meet- 
ings held by the National Christian As- 
sociation, and had been a reader of The 
Christian Cynosure. And he said that 
he was then at a loss to know whether 
to fight the lodges represented by mem- 
bers of his church, or let them alone. 

First. Let Them Alone— Little if Any Harm. 

In his dilemma he consulted with 
those members of his church which be- 
longed to lodges. One of them, an Odd- 
fellow, whom he says was the best and 
most influential member of the church, 
modestly declined to advise him upon the 
subject of his duty in that matter ; but, 
observed the Oddfellow, if the Oddfel- 
lows make the lodge a substitute for 
Christianity and allow it to keep them 
away from the church services, then, of 
course the lodge is harmful ; but the prin- 
ciples of Oddfellowship he held to be 
good and praiseworthy; and, said the 
Oddfellow, "I want to save my soul;" 
therefore I stand by the church,' and if I 
thought that the lodge hindered me in 
that object I should leave it. 

Second. Let Them Alone— It Is Now Dan- 
gerous to Meddle. 

Hence the young pastor decided to let 
the lodges alone at that time ; and now, 
seeing that the lodges imperil the exist- 
ence of his church, he thinks that oppo- 
sition manifested toward them would 
only serve to strengthen them ; he there- 
fore lets them alone for this reason. 

Comments on Course of Pastor. 

In regard to the conduct of that young 
pastor we observe that his conduct was 
unlike that of God's prophets — they 
never consulted with Baal worshipers in 
regard to their duty as to their treat- 

ment of the subject of Baal worship, but 
always went to the Lord for counsel. 

Had that young pastor consulted with 
the Lord, instead of with the Oddfellow, 
the result might have been different. The 
Holy Spirit sends inquirers to the Bible, 
and because the Devil, while stealing the 
livery of heaven from the Bible, having 
artfully changed the names wherein he 
was worshiped at the time the Bible was 
written, so as to blind Christians and 
privily smuggle his emissaries into the 
churches to destroy souls (for example, 
in the case before us the Devil has 
changed the name Baal to Oddfellow, 
while every Oddfellow is as really a Devil 
worshiper as was any Baal worshiper of 
ancient times) ; therefore we naturally 
suppose that if the young pastor had in- 
quired of the Lord the Holy Spirit would 
have guided him to the esoteric and exo- 
teric, ritualism of Oddfellowship which 
God has caused to be published for the 
use of His people in order to prevent 
them being ensnared in the lying hypoc- 
risy and Devil worship of Oddfellowship ; 
and then comparing that ritualism with 
the Bible, and hearkening to the admoni- 
tion of God's word he would have been 
instructed in his duty of preaching the 
same gospel as that preached by proph- 
ets and apostles, and by the Lord Him- 
self. Then, if he had obeyed the word 
of the Lord, as recorded in the Bible, of 
course there would have been a row in 
his church, which, under such circum- 
stances, the Devil abhors above all 
things else ; for the accomplishment of 
his plans requires peace ; and to draw the 
sword of the Holy Spirit against the 
lodge is to upset the Devil's chief plan 
for the destruction of Christianity ; there- 
fore, as the Devil inverts the consciences 
of pastors, so the pastors invert the Scrip- 
ture, "first pure, then peaceable," and 
roar from the pulpit, "First peaceable, 
then pure." Thus the churches are rap- 
idly becoming dens of liars instead of 
abodes of Him who is "the truth." 

"It would be wonderfully comforting 
if we could but realize that in all our ef- 
forts for good we have nothing to fear 
for the results. Results are God's, not 
ours, and he never failed to bring to pass 
the best that can be gotten out ^i the 
feeblest efforts." 



September, 1902. 

lotce* from tlje fo&ae* 


'Til looking at the character of John the 
Baptist it was right that if Masonry should 
have a patron Saint, he should take that 
position." — American Tyler. 

But was it not rather ghoulish to steal 
the name from his tombstone and dis- 
honor his fame by unholy association ? 

"An English writer and Masonic authority 
tersely sets forth the position in the follow- 
ing lines: 

" 'Of a truth these Landmarks (falsely so- 
called) are great stumbling blocks in the way 
of progressive improvement. Brethren who 
endeavor to eliminate from our ceremonies 
the misstatements, the anachronisms, and 
the solecisms, which in the course of time 
have crept into our working; or to correct 
misquotations, or errors of grammar, are 
constantly met by the alarm-cry, 'The Land 
marks are in danger,' in any rectification of 
error which they may advocate. Yet the 
very men who raise this cry will, in perform- 
ing the ceremony of the second degree grave- 
ly assure the candidate that 'Freemasonry is 
a progressive science." 

Is Freemasonry any sort of science? 
Is it even in any real sense an art? Is 
it for any reason worthy the attention 
of intelligent men? 


Such is the influence of the pure senti- 
ments of the Institution that men entirely 
separated by the distance of the clime, by 
the diversity of their religious dogmas and 
by the contradiction of their political opin- 
ions, are by the general principles of the Ma- 
sonic art joined by bonds of affection so 
indivisible that the Mason finds a brother in 
every nation and a home and protection in 
every clime. — The Tyler. 

Masons know that while this sort of 
talk flies the flag with great glory there 
are serious limitations in every day prac- 

They take such asservations for what 
they may be worth and meanwhile growl 
about the rings and mean, underhanded 
things they suffer or observe.- 

Plenty of things influence the common 
run of the "joiner" class besides "pure 

sentiments." But then those old tunes 
ground over now and then sound famil- 
iar and perhaps answer the purpose of 
charming outside "Jack" Masons . and 
Eastern Stars. 


"It is familiar history, in the Masonry 
of England, and of this country, that 
down to a very late period both lodges 
and Grand Lodges held their meetings in 
taverns and places of public resort." — A. 
S. Wait in Voice Review, December, 

Part of that history is the formation of 
the first Masonic Grand Lodge at Apple 
Tree Tavern, in London, A. D. 171 7. 
What we cannot understand is how King 
Solomon came there. 

Another item of familiar history is that 
Masons at a "very late period" — so late 
for example as any recent Templar con- 
clave — are found in places of public re- 
sort still as always seeking convenient 
"refreshment" wherever they "labor." 


"It stands, then, for no creed in the pure 
theological sense. It stands, then, also, for 
no dogma in the arbitrary theological sense." 
— A Conclave speech reported in The Tyler, 
June 15. 189&. 

Yet it is a cult. If it has no creed it 
has no belief, for to say Credo is to say 
I believe, and he who claims a belief 
claims possession of a creed. If Mason- 
ry has really no creed it has no belief 
in God and immortality and the Bible, 
and anything you may name in the same 
breath with these. 

If it stands for nothing of this kind 
what does it stand for when it makes the 
claim of being faithful, for example, to 
the "dogma" of Divine existence ? 

Cart it be that instead of any kind of 
"pure theological sense" it really stands 
for pure nonsense? 


The American Tyler quotes from the New 
Zealand Craftsman the confession that "The 
statutes of Freemasonry are most crude and 
singularly incomplete." "Too much reliance 
is placed lex non scripta and every mem- 

September, 1902. 



ber has his own interpretation of 'unwritten 
law.' " 

We believe that one of the most strik- 
ing differences between Masons is at the 
point of freedom in mentioning Masonic 
facts and in rating things as open or 

'"The incompleteness of moral obliga- 
tion as recognized by Masonry has long- 
been a chief scandal and an occasion of 
reproach, and the friendly critic from 
within speaks of the statntes as incom- 
plete to a degree that appears singular. 

"Of course," says the Craftsman, "we 
quite recognize that in any attempt at 
progressive reform the old cry of 'inno- 
vation' and 'landmarks' will be raised as 
an argument against the house of Free- 
masonry being set in order. 


In an article in the Masonic Voice Re- 
view, Dec. 15, 1900, Joseph W. Congdon 
says of the female or mixed order of the 
Eastern Star, which only women and 
Master Masons can join : "It cannot be 
claimed, nor admitted, that this is a Ma- 
sonic institution, but we who have been 
initiated in its mysteries know that -it is 
akin to Masonry in that it is 'a beautiful 
system of morality veiled in allegory, and 
illustrated by symbols.' " 

Some years ago the Cynosure was 
taken to task for its treatment of Mason- 
ry by a woman who accused it of falsely 
accusing Masonry. She declared she had 
been a Mason and she knew. Her letter 
was rather amusing. 

Mr. Congdon says also in his article : 

"The Order of the Eastern Star is not 
Freemasonry, hence is not an innovation 
into that ancient institution. It is, how- 
ever, a helpmate in the work in which the 
craft is engaged, and has been accepted 
as such by many Grand Jurisdictions." 


The Voice Review of December, 1900, 
published the reply of A. S. Wait, of New 
Hampshire, to G. J. Bennett, of Ontario, 
Canada, in which he stood up for his pre- 
viously expressed opinion that it was al- 
lowable to permit the Eastern Star to use 
Masonic halls. Mr. Bennett had cited 

against him this extract from the consti- 
tution of his Grand Chapter in Canada : 

"It is improper to allow a lodge room to 
be used jointly with other societies or for 
other than Masonic purposes." 

Mr. Wait retorted: 

"His 'substantial ground' thus appears 
to be a mere local statute, which is bind- 
ing upon the Companions within the ju- 
risdiction of Canada, but not in force 

Mr. Wait admits that the Eastern Star 
is an outside order, not Masonic, and not 
to be allowed to use Masonic halls in 

He further argues the matter in a wax- 
that confirms the same implication. 

Of the "wives, widows and daughters 
of Masons" he says toward the end of the 
article : "It is true they are not and can- 
not be Masons." Yet he thinks Masonic 
lodges need not refuse "such an act of 
kindly courtesy." 


William R. Bowen, the "father of Mason 
ry" in Nebraska, probably the best known 
member of the Masonic bodies in the West, 
took his own life by shooting himself at his 
home May 6, 1899. For twenty-six years he 
had been Grand Secretary of the Grand 
Lodge of 'Masons in Nebraska, and as such 
had come in contact with most of the mem- 
bers of the order in the State. The cause 
assigned for his action is financial trouble. 
Mr. Bowen owned considerable property in 
Washington County, which was heavily in- 
cumbered, and this obligation worried him. 
Recently he surrendered some life insurance 
which he had been carrying, because he was 
compelled to use the premium money to meet 
payments on his property. This depressed 
him. Mr. Bowen was also State Secretary 
of the Scottish Rite and an officer of the 
Masonic Veteran Association. For twenty- 
five years his business had been exclusively 
the taking care of Masonic business.— Ameri- 
can Tyler. 

If this statement about life insurance is 
complete and accurate, it indicates that 
his insurance was of the "fraternal" sort. 
Genuine insurance is not "surrendered' 
when payments are discontinued, hut is 
maintained at a proportionate standard. 
Collapse is one of the glaring faults and 
deadly perils of assessment and fraternal 
insurance. The clear lesson is not to 
accept ostensible insurance of this kind. 



September, 1902. 

The men who trust it take a dangerous 



The Odd Fellows' Companion, speaking of 
the assassin of President McKinley, says: 
"That he was urged to the deed by others 
who are hidden behind their oath-bound ca- 
bal, and cajoled by their flattery, there is not 
one reasonable ground of doubt." 

The seriousness of the matter almost 
throws out into relief the humorous fea- 
ture. "The pot called the kettle black." 
The organ of a cabal, published by the 
"Secret Society Publishing Company," is 
indignant at instigators and flatterers 
hidden by their "oath bound cabal." It 
insists that they ought to be "ferreted 

"The devil was sick ; the devil a monk 
would be." It makes a difference whose 
ox is gored — much virtue in an if. Our 
noble order is indignant at a secret oath 
bound one out of which anything obnox- 
ious to us happens to come. That other 
one is a cabal. 

When the potsherds of the earth strive 
with potsherds of the earth, their special 
antipathy for the time being is against 
— potsherds. What is worse than a ca- 
bal? Another cabal. 




Mr. John G. Burchfield, watchman at the 
General Land Office, has been a close observ- 
er of things all his life and has seen many 
events of a stirring nature. He is an expert 
watchman and has been well trained for 
any sort of duty involving vigilance and 
bravery. He was one of the youngest sol- 
diers in the Union Army and had a full four 
years' term of active service in the Civil 
War. He is an interesting conversationalist. 

Mr. Burchfield was a witness to a touching 
incident about the close of the war. In 
marching from Andersonville across the 
mountains toward Washington the cavalry- 
men came up with two surrendered Confed- 
erates who were trudging homeward. The 
commander, a colonel, had been lingering 
with the wine and was not feeling well, so 
he ordered the men shot and detailed Dr. 
Cameron, a splendid Tennessean, to pick a 
squad. Some of the men refused to go on 
the squad, Mr. Burchfield among them, say- 
ing the war was over. But the orders were 
to shoot and the word was about to be given 

when one of the condemned men gave a sign. 
Dr. Cameron halted the squad and had a 
talk with the Confederates. He hunted the 
commander and got him to release the men, 
both of whom were Masons. 

The incident has often done duty at Ma- 
sonic gathering. 
—Washington (D. C.) Evening Times. 

The "sign" has often done duty in 
Courts of Justice. 


The New York Masonic Standard prints a 
good portrait and an interesting life sketch 
of the distinguished and youngest active 
thirty-third degree Mason in the United 
States— William Homan, of New York. He. 
was born Jan. 26, I860 1 , and was made a Ma- 
son in Kane Lodge in 1888. Brother Ho- 
man's most active service in Masonry has 
been devoted to the Scottish Rite, in which 
he has from time to time participated in 
almost all of the degrees conferred by the 
bodies in this city. He particularly distin : 
guished himself as Master of the Council of 
Princes of Jerusalem, during 1805 and 1896. 
During his two years' service he conferred 
the degrees upon 258 candidates, among 
whom were Hon. Chauncey M. Depew, the 
late Hon. Roswell P. Flower, Rt. Rev. Bish- 
op Henry C. Potter, and many others distin- 
guished in the various walks of life. He also 
had the dies made for a Council jewel and 
distributed over 1,200 at the convocations. — 
The Tyler. 

Dr. Potter, delivering an oration on 
an important Masonic occasion at the 
capital of New Hampshire, publicly de- 
nounced the barbarous character of Ma- 
sonic forms, and demanded internal refor- 
mation of Masonry. 


"Stellar Theology and Masonic Astronomy 7 ' 
is the title of a little work which, though not 
new as to the time of its publication (1882), 
is yet novel in the matter which it presents. 
In its religious bearing it maintains a belief 
in God and the immortality of man, but 
claims to find an astronomical origin for the 
religious forms that are intended to teach 
and inculcate that belief. It is to the student 
of Masonry that the work more especially 
addresses itself. The Masonic ceremonies 
are referred to a like origin and with analo- 
gous objects as the religious forms and cere- 
monies, and are said to be derived from the 
ancient mysteries. In the third degree, for 
instance, the Grand Master is identified with 

September, 1902. 



the sun-god, as personified by the ancients 
under various names, being slain by the 
three months succeeding the autumnal equi- 
nox, which from their rough character may 
be supposed to typify the characteristics of 
the three actors in the drama, and having a 
"similarity of names." He is raised by tnt* 
three months succeeding the winter solstice, 
when the zodaical sign, Leo, "the lion of 
the tribe of Judah," is in the ascendant. To 
reconcile the ritual with the supposed alle- 
gory, we must consider the "temple" to mean 
the solar year, the Grand Master, the sun, 
being slain just before its completion; that 
is, the sun, passing to the farthest southern 
declination became for a season metaphor- 
ically dead. This brief exposition of one 
feature must serve to illustrate the general 
trend of the work, which is a small quarto 
of 117 pages, including index. The work 
goes exhaustively into mythological symbols 
and correspondences, and is liberally illus- 
trated, showing great care and research in 
its preparation. It is artistically printed 
by the Appletons, at the retail price of $2. 
The author, Robert H. Brown, was a famil- 
iar character in Detroit thirty years ago. 
The only known copy in the city is held by 
Brother S. B. MeOacken, of Detroit Lodge, 
No. 2, through whom copies may be ordered." 
—The Tyler. 

Does not the above from an organ of 
Freemasonry verify N. C. A. literature, 
for example, The Master's Carpet? 


It is a significent fact that in this day, 
as in those years of peril and danger to the 
republic, whenever we find men possessed 
of a deep and abiding patriotism, who honor 
our institutions and 1 revere the memory of 
those who founded them, who, like our an- 
cestors, are inspired by zeal and earnestness, 
men who appreciate their value, who believe 
that without patriotism there is no safe- 
guard to our liberties, no permanency to our 
institutions; men who are proud of our his- 
tory with its sacred) and hallowed associa- 
tions, who are and always have been ready 
to hear dissensions without reference to po- 
litical association, are men who have sought 
for the lost word in the lodge of the widow's 
son.— J. W. J., in Masonic Home Journal. 

This is a clean-cut specimen of Ma- 
sonic claim. The Masonic Voice-Re- 
view reprinted it. Nothing could be more 
harmoniously attuned to the unending 
Masonic chant. It assumes to be a sum- 
ming up of history. It points us to the 
heroes of revolutionary times and the 

period of the civil war. As we look we 
see Samuel Adams, John Adams, John 
Hancock, Trumbull, Sumner, Grant, Lin- 
coln, to mention no more, who sought 
nothing in the lodge, but who answer 
the description. Yet we must concede 
Washington, who withdrew from the 
lodge and disclaimed active affiliation, 
and Franklin, who, for having fallen into 
the trap, called himself a fool. 

With these two names, the tune can 
be started again any time, and the 
thoughtless chorus will join in. What 
Washington himself wrote a little before 
he died, does not prevent the iteration 
of false Masonic claims respecting him. 
Multitudes of patriots have had a record, 
clean and free from the aspersion with 
which J. W. J. sweepinglv stains them 


The Indiana Grand Sire, speaking of 
the blacksmith Wildey as a man of the 
"common people" who started Oddfel- 
lowship in America, remarks : "Hard in- 
deed was the task to hoist the standard of 
revolt against the power of caste. v 

But Oddfellowship, .however it may 
mix the bad with the virtuous or even the 
rich with the poor, is itself a caste. 

A feature of caste is exclusiveness, and 
what can be more exclusive ? A feature of 
caste is favoritism based on mere mem- 
bership ; what is more characteristic of 
the Odd Fellows' clan ? 

Caste is divisive of those who else had 
been equals and companions ; what more 
than orders divides ? 

Society is cut up and walled apart by 
cliques and cabals. Secrecy breeds sus- 
picion and alienation. Conspiracy fes- 
ters in the dark, injustice prevails and 
distrust takes the place of mutual confi- 

Such, at. least, seems a natural tenden- 
cy, and while the mixed character of the 
lodge associating all sorts in ways not al- 
ways improving, and often corrupting, 
may seem to the devotee a breaking down 
of caste, and of Christian belief and prac- 
tice — or, as he would say, "creed" — yet 
he should remember that the agency used 
for the purpose is the most rigid and 
marked instance of caste to be found be- 
lated within the domain of civilization. 



September, 1902. 


To "The Fellow Craft," Ed T. Jones re- 
sponded. Masonry is a progressive science 
and is divided into degrees for the better 
study of its mysteries. Hidden beneath the 
veil of its mysteries is taught a regular sys- 
tem of science. To the man of considerable 
thought the investigation is fraught with 
pleasure. The Enter.ed Apprentice is a prop- 
er introduction to the Fellow Craft degree. 
The degree contains an almost inexhaustible 
stock of knowledge. It typifies the struggles 
of a willing mind for truth. 
—The Tyler's report of a picnic. 

As a rule the universities and techni- 
cal schools rather outdo the lodges in 
turning out graduates proficient in sci- 

"Entered Apprentice" Symbolizes Truth 
of Light. 

"The Entered Apprentice" was fittingly re- 
sponded to by (Samuel Hyman. 

The first degree is to prepare the beginner 
for the degrees to follow. He who first seeks 
the mystic rites must first be prepared foi 
it in the heart. At times our minds may 
lead us in different directions, but we should 
not. allow the chasm to become too wide to 
forget that we are Masons. Let us join to- 
gether on this grand occasion — remembering 
the teachings of the Order — brotherly love, 
relief and truth. As the Entered Appren- 
tice symbolizes the truth of light to the mind, 
so may this meeting instill in us a great 
and overshadowing love for this institution. 
— Masonic picnic speech. 

This comes right down to any one 
who has taken this degree, but who lacks 
the "great and overshadowing love" and 
looks back at the affair over a "chasm." 


The prosecuting attorney in a lawsuit had 
waxed especially indignant at the defendant, 
whom he characterized as an "abandoned, 
baneful, cynical, diabolic, execrable, felo- 
nious, greedy, hateful, irresponsible, jaun- 
diced, knavish, lazy, meddlesome, noxious, 
outrageous and profligate rowdy." 

"The learned counsel on the other side," 
said the attorney for the defendant, when he 
rose to reply, "should have put his adjectives 
in a hat and shaken them up a little before 
using. You must have noticed, gentlemen of 
the jury, that they were in regular alphabet- 
ical order. This shows that he selected them 
from a dictionary, beginning with 'a.' He 
stopped at 'p.' but in his manner of repro- 

ducing them he has given us the 'cue' as to 
how he got them." 

This turned the laugh against the other 
lawyer, and he lost the case. — Sel. 

Have not one or two secret society 
organizations retained that lawyer to 
write replies to The Cynosure? 


This is part of a speech made by one of 
the Princes of the Royal Secret at a Con- 
clave of Scottish Rite Masons, and print- 
ed in the American Tyler, a leading Ma- 
sonic organ : 

"The old man was blue, he was just 
as blue as a Shriner I saw in Detroit. I 
went with them into> Detroit (laughter) 
and this Shriner, you know, he got up 
in the morning with a bad taste in his 
mouth ; he had been the night before 
trying to paint the town red, and so, as 
a result, the next day he felt blue and 
that is the way it was with this old man — 
he felt very blue, but in his trouble and 
in his distress, /'Look here," he said to 
himself, "when down in Galveston, Tex., 
whenever I could help anybody I was 
ready to do it. I am a Mason. I will 
go up to this Masonic Temple," and then 
he did, and he went up to that office 
where Gil Barnard is, and that is as neai 
heaven, perhaps, as he will ever get." 
(Great laughter.) 

The speaker went on to tell how, in 
about an hour, the man secured a hun- 
dred dollars through this Masonic con- 
veyance, adding, "And then he took his 
hundred dollars and went on his way 

rejoicing - — - down to the Midway 


Just here the orator recollected that 
"though we have a full house" there had 
"passed out of the lodge" since last they 
met "about a dozen," 

"I feel just like saying that wherever 
any one of us will go he will find that 

"The sweetest blossoms grow 
In the land to which we go. 
That the purest waters flow 
In the land to which we go. 
Oh ! the raptures we will know 
In the land to which we go." 

Was not that a truly Masonic juxtapo- 
sition ? Is it not suggestive of Conclaves 
and of the usual Shriner pilgrimage ? 

September, 1902. 



Hett>0 pajra ant) Morm- 

The New York Tribune well says : 
"It is not mainly for their sake that pub- 
lic opinion is more and more earnestly 
demanding that men desirous of going to 
work for the wages offered them shall 
have their right to do so firmly asserted 
and maintained by the public authorities. 
It is on account of these men themselves 
that the practical denial of that right is 
arousing the sympathetic attention of the 
country and the reason is that every in- 
telligent citizen whose hold on funda- 
mental principles has not been shaken by 
calculations of immediate personal inter- 
est foresees in every such denial an inva- 
sion of his own rights.' It is the duty of 
officers of the law to enforce the law, not 
in order that the strike may either fail 
or succeed, but in order that the natural 
consequences of the enforcement of the 
law mav ensue." 

public place, beat him and escape before 
(the bystanders realized what had happened. 

The work of the "wrecking crew." ac- 
cording to the testimonoy, was the most 
dastardly. It devolved on the members of 
the "crew" to waylay the unsuspecting vic- 
tim in a secluded place and attack him with 
revolvers, 'brass knuckles, stones, bricks and 

Victims of these two alleged hired bands 
of "bruisers" testifying before the grand 
jury in support of Henry Thumann's con- 
fession were Olay Bassa, Fred Smith. Ed- 
ward RebMng, Albert Fridley, Ray Judd, 
Fred Klenzendorf, Henry Daly, William 
O'Neill, Fred Wagendorf and Henry Lresch.— 
Chicago Daily Newis, Aug. 2, 1902. 



Officers of Union No. 83 Indicted for In- 
dicted for Conspiracy. 

Labor leaders in Chicago are stirred up 
over indictments voted against members of 
the Brass Miolders' Union for alleged con- 
spiracy to do bodily injury to non-union 


Several months ago the brass molders em- 
ployed at the Western Electric Company and 
the Stromberg-Carlson Company went on 
a strike. Their places were filled ;by non- 
union workmen and then the secret "emer- 
gency" fund of Local 83, it was alleged, 
was formed to carry on the work of ridding 
the union of its non-union competitors. The 
strongest evidence given was by Henry 
Thumann. former secretary of the union, 
who, it is said, was a detective employed 
by the Manufacturers' Association. Accord- 
ing to Thumann's story the scale of wages 
paid to the hired "sluggers" was as follows: 

For disabling for life $25 

For breaking an arm 15 

For breaking a rib 10 

For ordinary beating and slugging 5 

For beating into insensibility, extra 5 

Work of the "Hying squadron" did not 
bring the "gluggers" into such dangerous 
practice's. Their work was to attack the 
man pointed ont to tliem in the congested 

The "Sunday School Superintendent" 
for the second quarter of the year con- 
tained an extract written by Dr. A. E. 
Dunning bearing on the Temperance Les- 
son. It bears as well on the association of 
the young in secret societies — in college 
or in other relations. Drawing a veil 
over their conduct, they are led away into 
sin by their own evil hearts and the temp- 
tation of the devil. How many can recall 
just such a sad catalogue of bands of 
young men as this below ! The lesson is 
also for older persons, drawn into oath- 
bound associations to their injury: "I 
had in my Sunday school twenty-five 
years ago a class of six boys from ten to 
twelve years old. All except one came 
from good families. The parents of that 
one were dead. He seemed to be the 
most gentlemanly boy of the class. When 
they came to be about fifteen or sixteen 
years old they organized a club. It was 
secret, but they said its purpose was their 
moral improvement. They hired a room. 
Two of them were members of our 
church. They brought into the club sev- 
eral other boys. One of these they ap- 
pointed as chaplain. After a while it was 
said that liquor was taken to their club- 
room. Not long afterwards the chaplain 
left the club. He is now a Christian min- 
ister. ( )ne day one of the most attrac- 
tive of the young men came to me and 
said he had got into the habit of drinking 
and that his parents had found it out. 
I lis mother, he said, was almost insane. 
Me begged me to go to her and tell her 



September, 1902. 

he would never drink again. But he 
went from bad to worse till he disappear- 
ed. Friends of another came to tell me 
that he had by forgery secured money 
from a bank. Employers of another came 
to say that he had made false entries in 
their books and had defrauded them of a 
considerable sum of money. Another 
within a few years died a common drunk- 
ard. None of these boys at ten years of 
age seemed likely to be exposed to the 
temptation to drink." 
—The Christian Nation. 



''Apples of Gold in Baskets of Silver," From 
the Christian Witness. 

"No, I would not advise you to have 
any connection in any responsible way 
with secret orders. Not even with those 
whose aim is merely financial insurance. 
There is no society like the Church of the 
Lord Jesus Christ. The world knows 
this. When the world sees a minister 
descending to the puttering and mutter- 
ing of secret orders, they either lose con- 
fidence in the Church or its minister. A 
preacher much interested in his lodge 
moves among a lot of men who need sal- 
vation, but know they have only one oi 
themselves to look to, and he has no 
more than they have. Any man with a 
Bible in his hand and salvation in his 
soul knows he has no time to squander 
in 'posting up' on lodgery. An hour with 
his Bible is worth a thousand-fold more 
to him than any hour behind shaded win- 
dows, when so-called 'degrees' are con- 

"All the much talked-of social advan- 
tages gained by lodge fellowship are ut- 
terly discounted by the loss of spiritual 
power with such membership. Besides 
this is the loss of confidence in the spir- 
itual leadership of their pastor by the 
membership in the Church who are pray- 
ing and looking for actual soul-saving in 
their services. Yes, by all means, steer 
clear of all the lodge business." 
— Christian Witness of Dec. 10, 1901, and re- 
printed in The Gospel 'Message of March, 

A Faithful Watchman. 

Q. 173. I would like to see the Wes- 
leyan list greatly increased, but if I were 
to get my neighbors to subscribe for it 
they would find out what kind of a 
church I belong to, that it is opposed to 
secret societies, and that the denomina- 
tion does not believe it right to hold 
church entertainments for raising money. 
I am not a member of a secret society,, 
but I have never said anything against 
such societies, and the people here do not 
know that the Wesleyan Methodist 
Church is opposed to such societies. And, 
then, I sometimes attend the play parties 
which are held to secure money for the 
church here, and I would be exposed if 
the Wesleyan Methodist were to be cir- 
culated among my neighbors. If you: 
could only manage some way to tone 
down the paper along these lines, per- 
haps I could get you a few subscribers 
here. The people are quite favorably in- 
clined to a cheap paper and all of the pa- 
pers of the denomination to which this 
church belongs are much more expensive 
than the Wesleyan Methodist. 

A. Well, if the list is never increased 
until you get those neighbors to sub- 
scribe it will be a long time, for we are 
not in the toning down business. We 
lay awake night some of the time trying 
to think out some plan by which we can 
tone up instead of toning down. There 
are thousands of people in the toning 
down business, but we are not doing that 
kind of work. Do not let our list worry 
you, for it will neither stand nor fall by 
anything you may do or not do. If you. 
had a little more bone in your back it 
might be well for you, but it would take 
the mighty grace t of God to do much 
towards making a man of you even after 
the string were replaced by a good bone. 
The Wesleyan Methodist wants all of 
the friends it can secure, but not one at 
the sacrifice of principle. 
—Wesleyan Methodist, Aug. 13, 19J)2. 

'The song that we. hear with our ears 
is only the song that we sing in our 

Kind looks, kind words, kind acts and 
warm handshakes — these are secondary 
means of grace when men are in trouble 
and are fighting their unseen battles. — - 
Dr. John Hall. *" 

September, 1902. 




A Noble Report Adopted by the Reformed 
Presbyterian Church Synod. 

One of the greatest foes to the prog- 
ress of Christ's kingdom in the heart is 
the Secret Society. By the term Secret 
Society is meant every organization that 
uses the pass-word and operates behind 
closed doors. In some of these societies 
there is just enough of the appearance 
of religion to deceive men and lure them 
away from the church; in others there is 
no religion at all, and still others are 
radically immoral. And, strange as it 
may seem, hundreds of men will allow 
themselves to be deceived by these or- 
ganizations, which dishonor Christ and 
profane his religion. 

This is an age of secretism, societies 
of this kind are on the increase and are 
taking a firmer hold upon society and 
hindering greatly the cause of Christ. 
Go where you will, enter whatever busi- 
ness or profession you may, you are 
confronted with this evil. Many young 
men, who have heretofore refused con- 
nection with these societies, are now ask- 
ing themselves if there is anything radi- 
cally wrong or inconsistent with their 
profession, in being a member of such 

As this Synod has frequently heard, in 
the various reports that have been read 
on this subject, that in many cases a 
man's bread and butter depends upon his 
being a member of some one of these so- 
cieties, and since efforts have been made 
to palliate the sin in being connected 
with them ; nevertheless, we do not be- 
lieve that a Christian is in any sense 
justifiable in connecting himself with any 
of them. 

i. — Because God's word forbids it. 
"Have no fellowship with the unfruitful 
works of darkness, but rather reprove 
them." Can any language be plainer 
than this ; and what is a secret society if 
it is not a work of darkness? All its 
business is transacted in darkness and 
oftentimes members are instructed to use 
low and deceitful means in accomplish- 
ing their purpose ; no good results what- 
ever are seen from the workings of such 
societies, and God's children are warned 
against having fellowship in any society 

that keeps them from bearing fruit to 
his honor and glory. 

2. — The example of Christ forbids it. 
"In secret have I said nothing." When 
Christ was asked by his enemies con- 
cerning his doctrine, he referred them 
to his open life, declaring that he had 
lived openly before them, and that no 
word or act had been hidden from them : 
and are we to take Christ as »our exam- 
ple in everything except this open life? 
If Christ is our example in one phase of 
our lives he must be in every phase of 
our lives. It was because Caleb "fol- 
lowed the Lord fully" that he was given 
Hebron for a possession. The question 
then arises, Can a person be a true fol- 
lower of Christ, and at the same time 
have fellowship in these societies which 
are organized in opposition to his life 
and teachings. We think not, and we 
think the course of wisdom to be "come 
out from among them." 

3. — These societies are demoralizing 
in their effect upon the individual life. 
The very best of these societies — that is, 
those that make the greatest pretentions 
toward being religious, have much in 
them that is corrupting. For example, 
as a rule only one real qualification for 
membership is necessary, that pertaining 
to membership fees, consequently any 
man who has the price may become a 
member of any of these societies, and as 
a result all kinds of characters are found 
in them, from the minister of Jesus 
Christ to the saloonkeeper and the pro- 
fane profligate politician. Young men 
of any principle cannot mingle with 
these without becoming more or less 
contaminated by them. Again, the mode 
of initiation in these societies is outrage- 
ous and is not elevating in character or 
uplifting in tendency. Again, many of 
them hold their meetings on Sabbath 
and discuss questions which are not 
proper for that day. 

In view of these facts we regard the 
secret society as one of the greatest bar- 
riers to the cause of Christ in the heart 
and individual life ; also that it hinders 
the progress of the cause of Christ and 
the building up of his kingdom on the 
earth. While it may be true that young 
men find great difficulty in obtaining 
good positions because of their opposi- 



September, 1902. 

tion to these societies, yet we would re- 
mind them that God has said, "Them 
that honor me I will honor," and also of 
the testimony of his servant David, who 
has said, "I have never seen the right- 
eous forsaken or his seed begging 
' bread." 

We make the following recommenda- 
tions : 

r. — That the well-known position of 
the church be rigidly maintained. 

2. — That pastors be enjoined to preach 
frequently oil this subject, setting before 
their members the, unscripturalness of 
these organizations. 

3. — That sessions be reminded of their 
duty in the enforcement of the law of 
the church in this matter. 

4. — That our young people be urged 
to take up the study of this subject for 
themselves, devoting at least two Sab- 
bath evenings of the year to its consider- 
—The Christian Nation. 


Those who would carp and cry out against 
the great benevolent orders are somewhat 
confused when they read that no man who 
is a drunkard, saloonkeeper, dealer in intoxi- 
cating liquors, or a gambler, can lawfully 
become members therein, as it is their pro- 
vince to war against vice in all its forms. 
Their efforts are exerted to make men and 
women, and the communities in which they 
live, better in every way. No element has 
done more to elevate men and nations. All 
through its course can be marked by its 
work— work for the amelioration of the woes 
of mankind and the betterment of the race. 
Such facts would of themselves close the 
tongue of slander against such organization— 
and would, were it not for the fact that men 
of small caliber can repeat memorized slan- 
ders at so much per slander, according to the 
size of the penny collection.— Masonic Chron- 
icle, Columbus, O. 

The above article is taken from a paper 
published for Freemasons and appears as 
an editorial. It appeared at the same 
time in the Voice-Review, "the oldest 
Masonic magazine in the world," and 
perhaps in other Masonic papers. The 
same sentiment is constantly appearing 
in lodge literature, and is probably pub- 
lished on the principle that a lie well 
stuck to is as good as the truth. An ac- 

quaintance with the Masons and with the 
saloonkeepers and with the distillers of 
any large city is a sufficient answer to 
such grandiloquent boasting. Suppos'e 
one inquires for David Hogg, of this 
city, a member of Covenant Lodge, A. 
F. & A. M., and also a Knight Templar 
and Mystic Shriner, and member of the 
firm of Hannah & Hogg, whose saloons 
are at 222 South Clark and at 83 and 149 
and 161 and 188 Madison street and 145 
Fifth avenue, and in the Fischer Building 
and 112 Monroe street, and 133 East 
Lake street, according to the Directory. 
"The Shibboleth," a Masonic and fam- 
ily magazine published at Memphis, 
Tenn., contained an editorial last year, 
following the editor's visit to the Knights 
Templar Grand Encampment in St. 
Louis, which in itself makes a very neat 
comment on the boasting of the Masonic 
Chronicle, quoted above. The Masonic 
Constellation, of St. Louis, commenting 
on the following editorial of the Shibbo- 
leth, says : "The Shibboleth voices our 
sentiments as expressed in these columns 
several years ago, since which time we 
have not changed our views." For gen- 
eral debauchery and drunkenness a 
Grand Encampment of Knights Templar 
is only second to the similar gatherings 
of the Mystic Shrine. 


By B. F. Price, Past Grand Master and Ed- 
itor of The Shibboleth. 

For nearly thirty years we have been an 
affiliated Knight Templar, and during all 
that time it has never been our pleasure to 
attend a meeting of the Grand Encampment- 
before, and if we live to attend all Triennials 
that may occur within the next thirty years 
to come, we hope we will never see a repeti- 
tion of what we saw in Louisville, so far as 
the social feature goes. And when we say 
social feature, we do not mean that branch 
of it wherein Subordinate and Grand Oom- 
manderies held receptions and fair women 
and brave men welcomed callers after the 
most formidable fashion of up-to-date society. 


But it is the "O-he-joyful," "high-daddy" 
feature to which we object. That feature 
wiherein members of the Order, either in part 
or full uniform, enter saloons and "tank up" 
on blue ruin until they get so full that they 
can hardly "hit the ground with their hat." 
Such conduct is a disgrace to the uniform of 

September, 1902. 



a. Templar, and wholly out of line with a 
soldier of the cross. It is directly in oppo- 
sition to every principle of Templarisin and 
in open violation of the rules of our Order, 
and would not be tolerated at home for a 

Many Imagine a Debauch the Great Feature. 

The great trouble is that this practice has 
been indulged in so long, that many imag- 
ine that it is the one great feature of the 
meeting toward making it a success. Lit- 
tle do they think that in the estimation 
of all good citizens they are degrading the 
Order, insulting its banner and reflecting 
upon the teachings of our "Blessed Master" 
whom they have promised to serve. Far 
better would it be to let their bright blades 
be consumed by rust rather than to be dis- 
graced by such unholy proceedings. This 
is one of the great objections we have to 
these triennial meetings.— The Shibboleth. 


Brother Bun F. Price, editor of the 
Shibboleth, publishes his "conclusions' 1 
about the Triennial Conclave, recently 
held in Louisville. We infer that Brother 
Price is a total abstainer, and we believe 
that his "conclusions" are prejudiced. 
He forgets that man is a social being and 
that Knights Templar are only human. 
The fact that individual Knights got full 
of enthusiasm and other things, and ce- 
mented their friendship with a libation or 
two, should not be condemned too se- 
verely. The Triennial is an occasion to 
renew and cement friendship, and Broth- 
er Price's criticism is nothing but cant- 
ing hypocrisy. 
— The Freemason, of Toronto. 

"As to secret societies, I stand just 
where God stands — against them. 'What- 
soever is not of faith is sin.' There is no 
Christ, no forgiveness of sins, no new 
birth, no heaven-born love — nothing but 
sin in them. Oh, that the preachers of 
this land were all well-informed, fearless 

watchmen on the walls of Zion !" 
—Evangelical Visitor. August 2, 1902. 



made by its friends of the assistance 
given by the lodge to the sick, the widow 
and orphan ; but the fact that it was paid 
for in advance and is given under com- 
pulsion is kept in the background. In- 
stead of being alms, benevolence or char- 
ity, it is simply business, such as insur- 
ance companies do, and call it business 
and make a display of it to increase their 

"Take heed that ye do not your alms 
before men, to be seen of them," is the di- 
rection of the Master to the church ; 
hence the public doesn't know and often 
judges wrongly of the charity done by 
the church. 

The good done by the church is to that 
done by the lodge as is the heat and light 
of the sun to that of the moon. 

Panora, Iowa. 
—The Gospel Messenger, August 2, 1902. 

In the good done by the lodge and that 
by the church there is one feature that is 
often overlooked. There is much parade 


"In India, where the division of races and 
religions is more acute, perhaps, than any- 
where in the world, it is the wisdom of good 
citizens to seek rallying points. Such a rally- 
ing point is found in the cult of Masonic doc- 
trine. To myself, though the most convinced 
of Christians, the opportunity of meeting 
men of other beliefs than my own upon 
the common ground of faith in God and im- 
mortaility has been a privilege of great util- 
ity and pleasure.— Bishop Welldon, of India. 

Probably this is an officer of the En- 
glish church, though possibly of an off- 
shoot retaining the Episcopal form of or- 
ganization. This article is of value as 
providing a window through which the 
inside working of one class of minds can 
be seen. He overlooks the vicious fea- 
tures of the cult, forgets the estimate of 
Western character and ideals an oriental 
may naturally derive, and leaps to an ele- 
vation where he sees onlv a "rallying 

We take no issue with that part of his 
theory. Our only point is that Paul would 
neither have worshipped on Mars Hill 
nor bowed at the altar pi the Unknown 
God, even though he did adopt the argn- 
mentum ad hominum, and quote their 
own poetry to refute the follies oi his 

Bishop Welldon makes, in our judg- 
ment, one of the best kinds oi argument 
that can be made for Masonry. The tal- 



September, 1902. 

lacy seems to be, that, for the sake of a 
theoretically correct method, he is willing 
to unequally yoke in a practically incor- 
rect one. Some things can be done, but 
not all things. If one could shut his eyes 
to certain features of Masonry, and con- 
fine his gaze to certain others, he might 
become a devoted Mason. The Indian 
Bishop appears to possess that faculty. 
His case is worth studying. It may, as 
typical, help anti-Masons charitably to 
understand the mystery of Masonic affil- 
iation in some surprising instances in this 

A Glimpse of Christian Thought. 

But there are missionaries and mission- 
aries. The editor is acquainted with Rev. 
C, B. Ward, of India, a Methodist, and 
one of the most successful in helping and 
saving the people of that country. Mis- 
sionary Ward writes : "Some of the bit- 
terest opponents of the Missionaries are 
among those educated with missionary 
money. They swarm into secret societies, 
especially Masonry. Masonry is bad 
enough anywhere, but I fancy is worse 
here than in most lands." 

Beauty is God's handwriting — wel- 
come it in every fair face, every fair sky, 
every fair flower, and thank for it, him, 
the fountain of all loveliness. — Charles 



I wrote on Jan. 10, 1899, to the Grand 
Secretary of England, and today I have 
received the following letter : 

Seal: Grand Secretary's Office. 

United Grand Lodge of England, 

Freemasons' Hall, 
Great Queen St., London, W. C, 

8th May, 1899. 
Dear Sir and Brother: I regret that 
your letter dated so long ago as the 10th 
Januarv has not been replied to before. 
Apartado Postal 2085, City of Mexico. 
Grand Dieta Sy.mbolica of Mexico has 
never been recognized by the Grand 
Lodge of England, or that any request 
has ever been made by the Grand Dieta 
for such recognition. 

In the United States Grand Lodges 
there has recently been much controver- 
sy on the subject of Mexican Masonry- 

some of them agreeing to recognize the 
Grand Dieta as a legitimate governing 
Masonic body, others declining to do so, 
but the subject has not engaged the at- 
tention of the Grand Lodge of England. 
Yours faithfully and fraternally, 
(Signed) E. Letchworth, G. S. 

Per Wh. 

* * * 

The assertions made to them are that 
the Grand Dieta has been recognized by 
everv Grand Bodv in the United States 
and by the Grand Lodge of England, 
and that they are all right as Masons 
wherever they may go. 

What else is fed into them the Lord 
only knows ; but it is not difficult to im- 
agine that a concern that starts in to 
defraud the Grand Lodges of the United 
States by such a bare-faced lie as that 
about the recognition of the Grand 
Lodge of England, which I have just ex- 
posed, will not be limited in its state- 
ments when it runs up against an in- 
tending Mason with a pocketful of mon- 
ey. In fact, the Grand Dieta does not 
wait for candidates to come to it; they 
are sought after and brought in by so- 
licitors as persistent as though they were 
canvassing for life insurance. 
—From a communication in the Am. Tyler. 


The following extract from "China in 
Convulsion," by Rev. Arthur Smith, 
D. D., twenty-nine years a missionary of 
the American Board in China, gves us 
his testimony about Chinese secret socie- 
ties. Perhaps no man has had better op- 
portunities for knowing the Chinese peo- 
ple and their institutions, and few, if any, 
have written so extensively as Dr. 

Under the head, "The Genesis of the 
Boxer Movement," he says : "China is 
honey-combed with secret societies, pro- 
tean in form, diversified in practice, neb- 
ulous in doctrine, with vast numbers ot 
men and sometimes women also in con- 
nection. Many of these are traced back 
to the beginning of the Ming dynasty in 
1368, and others are supposed to have 
their rise after the Manchus took the 
throne in 1644. The present dynasty has 
consistenitlv forbidden all secret societies 

September, 1902. 



alike, well knowing that whatever the 
professed objects may be, it is easy by 
such means to nurse into being- a for- 
midable political rising, which has fre- 
quently been done on a large scale, as in 
the case of the "White Lily" and the 
"Triad" societies. By reason of their 
contraband character and the fact that 
they have no written manuals which may 
be consulted, while the written copies of 
their documents are hard to get and fre- 
quently full of false characters, an order- 
ly grouping of their apparent phenomena 
is impossible for the foreigner and the 
Chinese as well. Much has been learned, 
especially by those missionaries in whose 
flock many members have formerly been 
leaders in sects (secret societies) and who 
have no fear and no hesitation in telling 
all that they know." 

From the above we may infer that in 
China, at least, a profession of Chris- 
tianity is inconsistent with membership 
in any secret society, and that becoming 
a Christian releases one from all obliga- 
tion to such societies. We learn, too, 
that the very existence of such societies 
is regarded as a menace to the govern- 
ment, and it was only because they were 
stronger than the state that they brought 
the empire to the verge of ruin. 

H. H. Hinman. 

Oberlin, Ohio, Aug. 9, 1902. 

(Editor's Note. — In this connection we 
reprint the report of an interview with 
two missionaries of the American Board 
of Commissioners for Foreign Missions, 
the Misses Grace and Gertrude Wyckoff, 
who. after ten years of service in China, 
visited this country in 1898.) 

Question — Are the Ghdnese among whom 
you labor members of secret societies? 

Answer by Miss Wyckoff— The Chinese 
empire is honey -combed with secret societies. 

Question— When the Chinese profess faith 
in Christ, and desire to unite with the Chris- 
tian Church, do you require them to abandon 
their secret lodges, and if you answer affirm- 
atively, why do you make such a require- 

Answer by Miss Wyckoff — We certainly do 
require them to abandon their secret lodges. 
For as the Chinese say: "It is impossible 
for one foot to be on one boat, and the other 
on another boat, because you would certain- 
ly fall." Hence it is decidedly a part of the 
requirement, that when they come into the 
church they must leave secret societies. 

In 1878 a great many Chinese came into 
the church on account of the famine relief, 
who did not abandon their secret lodges, and 
these were the cause of much anxiety, and 
some were a ft er wards expelled from the 
church because they would not leave their 
lodges, or, rather, "they went out from us, 
but they were not of us." (I. John 2: 19.) 
We now have a system of probation so that 
persons desiring to come into the ehurch 
must wait three to six months until they sat- 
isfy us that they have freed themselves from 
secret societies, and from other idolatrous 
customs. The only reason that they do not 
come out from their secret lodges is that it 
simply means bread and butter in their 




Opening: feremonv, 

(Oracle takes the chair, giving one rap.* 
and requests the officers to take their re- 
spective places.) 

Oracle— Officers and Neighbors, we sur- 
round this altar, not for mere idle pur- 
poses, but for the advancement of our cause, 
and the promotion of fraternal love. It is 
the duty of every member to be orderly and 
attentive, and guard at all times the sacred 
obligation taken at this altar. Now. if there 
be any present who are not entitled to meet 
with us in this degree, they are kindly re- 
quested to retire- to the reception room. The 
Sentinels will secure the doors, and the 
Marshals may report to me the password 
and grip, proceed right and left and collect 
same from all present. 

Marshals meet at station of Vice Oracle, 
advance to the altar, salute the Oracle and 
report as follows: "Oracle, we find all cor- 
rect and entitled to a seat in the camp." 

Oracle — Vice Oracle, what are your duties? 

Vice Oracle— It is my duty to assist the 
Oracle, deliver to candidates the Lecture of 
this degree, and also to provide suitable lit- 
erary entertainment for these meetings at 
such times as it may be desired. 

Oracle— Recorder, what part of this work 
is intrusted to you? 

Recorder— All books and papers are in- 
trusted to my care, and it is my duty to 
keep accurate minutes of all meetings and 
transactions of this Camp. 

Oracle -Receiver, what are your responsi- 

•J. w. Pranks & Sons, printers, Peorl», 111. I s - 1 ' 1 - 



September. 1902. 

Receiver— To me has been intrusted the 
funds of this Oamp, ajid it is my duty to 
faithfully account for the same. 

Oracle — Marshals, what are your duties? 

Marshals— To test all persons with the 
password and grip, see that they are fur- 
nished with the proper badge, and guide 
candidates through the mysteries of our de- 

Oracle— Inner Sentinel, what is your duty? 

Inner Sentinel — It is my duty to guard the 
inner door, admitting no one without the 
proper signals and passwords, and allowing 
only those to retire who have received per- 
mission from the Vice Oracle. 

Oracle — I trust that each officer will per- 
form her duty, and that the members will 
be strictly attentive to the business of the 
meeting. Officers and Neighbors, please rise 
and assist with the Opening Ode. 

Oalls up the Camp by giving three raps. 

Opening Ode. 

Neighbors here in faith united, 

We around this altar stand, 
Pledging to each other ever, 

Labor for our social band. 
Here in modesty we gather 

For the work we have to do, 
And with hearts and lives united, 

May we prove forever true. 

Then with courage never failing, 

With deeds of love our pathway stamp, 
And endure if need be hardships, 

For our Royal Neighbor Camp. 
When the clouds of death or sickness 

Make the home both drear and sad, 
Then with kindest deeds of mercy 

We the light of love will shed. 

Oracle — Will the Worthy Chancellor please 
invoke the blessing of the Almighty upon the 
members of this Camp? 

Prayer by Chancellor — Advance to the al- 
tar, open Bible and deliver prayer. 

It is unto Thee, Our Father, who art the 
Creator of all things, that we would give 
thanks for Thy protecting care over us. And 
would now implore Thee to let Thy choice 
blessing rest upon our meeting, that we may 
be guided in the deliberations of this hour 
by the Spirit. May the true principles of 
this, our beloved Camp, be taught in their 
purity, and so forcibly impressed upon our 
minds that we may carry them, not only in 
Camp work, but also in our life work, so 
that by our influence others may be blessed, 
and the modest principle of unselfishness 
shed its hallowed light around us. Hear us, 
we pray Thee, our Father, in these our re- 
quests. Amen. 

Oracle— Vice Oracle, you will now declare 
this Oamp duly opened. 

Vice Oracle— By request of the Oracle I 
now declare this Camp open for the trans- 
action of any business that may be lawful}' 
brought before it. 

Oracle seats the Camp by giving one rap.* 

Order of Business. 

1. Opening Ceremonies. 

2. Roll Call of Officers. 

3. Introduction of Visitors. 

4. Reading of Minutes of Previous Session. 

5. Reports of Standing or Special Com- 


6. Application for Adoption, Report of In- 

vestigation and Balloting on Appli- 
.7. Ceremonies of Adoption. 

8. Recess for the Payment of Assess- 

ments and Doies. 

9. Communications or Bills. 

10. Unfinished Business. 

11. General Business. 

12. Nominations, Elections or Installation. 

13. Has Any Neighbor Anything to Offer 

for the Good of the Order? 

14. Does Any Neighbor Know of Any 

Neighbor Sick, or of a Neighbor's 
Family in Distress? 

15. Recorder's Report of Collections and of 

Delinquent Neighbors. 

16. Closing Ceremonies. 

Form of Ballot for .Local Camp. 

Oracle — We are about to ballot upon the 

application of (White balls, elect; 

black balls, reject.) Be careful how you 
ballot. The Marshal will prepare the ballot 

Ballot box should be taken first to the 
Oracle, and then to the Vice Oracle for in- 
spection, then returned to Oracle for ballot, 
then placed upon altar, after which the Mar- 
shal shall return to her station. At one 
chord of the organ all rise and Marshals 
march right and left to the outside of hall, 
those on the right following the Marshal, 
those on the left the Assistant Marshal, 
down outside of hall, those on the right. com- 
ing to Past Oracle's station, turning to altar, 
casting their ballot, passing directly to 
Chancellor's station, down outside of hall, 
turn square corners, passing Vice Oracle's 
station up outside of hall to their places. 
Those following the Assistant Marshal pass 
down outside of hall, passing in front of Vice 
Oracle's station, pass up outside of hall to 
Past Oracle's station, turning square corner, 
proceed to altar, deposit their ballot, passing 
on to Chancellor's station and to their places. 
Marshal carries ballot box to Pianist. 

Oracle— If all have balloted who wish, I 
declare the ballot closed. (Seats Camp.) * 

The Marshal will proceed with ballot box 
to Vice Oracle for inspection, after which 
the Oracle will inquire of the Vice Oracle 
how the ballot stands. If three black balls 
or more appear she will declare the ballot 
unfavorable. After inspection by the Vice 
Oracle the Marshal will proceed with ballot 

September, 1902. 



box to the Oracle, who, after inspection, will 
announce the ballot to the Camp. 

Form of Introduction of Visitors. 

Oracle instructs Marshal to present visitors 
at altar. Calls up Camp. * * * 

Marshal — Oracle, I have the pleasure of 

presenting Neighbors (giving 

names) from Camp, No , of 

Oracle and guests salute. 

Oracle receives them — Neighbors, in be- 
half of Camp No I welcome you, and 

extend to you the courtesies of this Camp. 

Oracle requests Camp to salute. Camp and 
visitors salute. Oracle seats Camp. * 

Oracle— Marshal, you will please escort 
visitors to seats. If any of the visitors are 
officers of their respective Camps, they 
should be given seats of honor according to 
their offices. 

Visitors arriving while Camp is in session, 
Inner Sentinel will report them to the Ora- 
cle, who will say: "Marshal, you will re- 
tire and present the visitors." Then proceed 
as above. 

Oracle— Officers and Neighbors, you will 

Closing: Ceremony. 

please rise and assist in the closing ceremo- 
nies. * * * 
(Calls up the Camp by giving three raps.) 

Closins? O e. 

Adieu, dear Neighbors of our Camp, 

We cannot longer stay; 
But may the lessons taught us here 
Be practiced on our way. 

Faithfully doing all we can 

To aid our beloved Camp: 
Let faith and courage shed their rays 

Around us like a lamp. 

Turn not from those who seek our aid, 

Unselfish let us live, ■ 
And modestly endure our trials, 

Till death reward shall give. 

Oracle— Will the worthy Chancellor please 
perform the duty of her station? 

Prayer by Chancellor — Chancellor ad- 
vances to altar. After prayer, closes Bible 
and remains standing until Camp is closed. 

And now. Most Gracious Father, our busi- 
ness having been concluded for this after- 
noon (or evening), let us part in peace. And 
as we go, may we, by faith and courage, 
modestly teach the unselfish principles of 
our fraternity, remembering they that en- 
dure to the end shall receive the reward. 

And unto Thee, who giveth us all the 
blessings of life, be honor and praise, now 
and evermore. Amen. 

Oracle— Vice Oracle, you may now declare 
this Oamp closed. 

Vice Oracle — By request of the Oracle. I 
proclaim this ("amp closed until the next 
regular meeting of the same. 

Oracle gives three raps, which are repeated 
by the Vice Oracle. * * * 

Form of Initiation. 

Oracle — Inner Sentinel, are there any caB- 
didates in waiting? 

Inner Sentinel (after inquiring, shall reply » 
— Oracle, there are candidates in waiting. 

Oracle— Neighbor will you acv 

as Oracle while the officers prepare for the- 
initiation ? 

Officers take their places at the signal of 
two raps given by the Oracle, and proceed 
as described in Floor Work. * * 

After officers have prepared and return, 
the Oracle shall proceed as follows: 

Oracle — Past Oracle and Marshal, you will 
retire to the reception-room and ask the 
usual questions. 

Past Oracle and Marshal meet at altar and 
salute the Oracle, each turn to center facing 
Vice Oracle, march to Vice Oracle's station 
and pass out and ask the following ques- 

Past Oracle— Do you desire to become a 
member of this Camp? (I do.) Are you 
willing to yield obedience to all the laws 
of this Camp? (I am.) 

Past Oracle and Marshal return in same 
line of march, and upon reaching the altar 
the Past Oracle addresses the Oracle as fol- 

Past Oracle— Oracle, the candidates ex- 
press a desire to become members of this 
Camp, and willingness to yield obedience to 
all its laws. 

Oracle— As there appears no reason why 
the candidates should not become members 
of this Camp, the Past Oracle may resume 
her seat, and the Marshals return and pre- 
sent the candidates. 

Assistant Marshal proceeds to altar, join- 
ing Past Oracle and Marshal. Salute in uni- 
son. Marshals turn facing center, proceed 
in same line of march as before described. 
Past Oracle resumes her station. 

* * * Marshals retire, return with can- 
didates, and march around the room, while 
the Initiation Ode is being sung. 

Initiation Ode. 

Neighbors, hither comes a stranger. 

Seeking for our mystic rites, 
Let each one assistance render. 

As we see her move in sight. 
Here the stranger stands surrounded 

By the Neighbors kind and true, 
And with faith and courage ever. 

lMedge the Neighbor's work to do. 

Fail not. falter not, dear stranger, 

Wo entreat you to bo brave, 
And with modest deeds <>f kindness 

Strive each stricken soul to save. 
Bring with you no strife or malice, 

Throw all soltishnoss aside. 
Ami with Neighborly communion 

May yon long with us abide. 

One rap at close of Initiation Ode. * 
Marshal—Oracle. I present to you a friend 
tor friends) who wishes to heroine a mem- 
ber of this Camp. 



September, 1902. 

Oracle— My friend (or friends), in behalf 
of this Camp I extend to you a hearty wel- 
come, and in conferring upon you this de- 
gree, it is our desire to impress upon your 
mind the true worth of life. Well has it been 
said, "a good man or woman brings sun- 
shine and pleasure to all around." It is our 
object here to develop those traits, and to 
bring into their lives new beauties. The 
principles upon which this organization are 
founded are those that have governed the 
lives of some of the noblest men and women. 
The vows which you here assume are be- 
fore God, and are to be held by you as sa- 
cred. Are you prepared to take upon your- 
self this obligation? (Ans. I am.) Believ- 
ing that you are in every way worthy to be- 
come one of our band who have pledged 
themselves to a life of purity and unselfish- 
ness, we will now administer to you the ob- 

Marshals, you will please conduct the can- 
didates to the altar. 

Ohancellor — You will place your right hand 
on the open Bible and repeat after me: 


I do, upon my most sacred honor, promise 
that I will not reveal nor communicate this 
work to any one, except to one whom I know 
to be a member of this Society. I also prom- 
ise and affirm that I will not knowingly 
wrong any one whom I know to be a mem- 
ber of this Camp; and I will not propose for 
membership any one whom I believe to be 
of bad repute; and will sacredly guard all 
passwords, signs, grips or unwritten work 
intrusted to me. I do, in the presence of 
Almighty God, promise that if I am adopted 

as a member of this Camp, No , 

of the "Royal Neighbors of America," I will, 
in addition to that I have already promised, 
obey the laws, rules, regulations and re- 
quirements of this Society faithfully and 
conscientiously and will forever hold its in- 
terests as sacred as those of my own house- 
hold, cheerfully performing my duties as a 
Neighbor. All this I do solemnly promise. 

Oracle — Marshals, you may now proceed 
with the candidates to the chair of the Vice 
Oracle, who will deliver the Lecture of this 

Marshal— Vice Oracle, I am instructed by 
the Oracle to present to you these candi- 
dates: that they may receive the Lecture of 
this degree. 

Vice Oracle — You will please seat the can- 
didates. * 

»» - •. 

Worthy Sister, as you are entering with 
us. this afternoon in our social bond, we 
entreat you to clearly comprehend the re- 
sponsibility that rests upon you. In human 
society, social rights necessitate their own 

observance, but when the sense of responsi- 
bility is blunted, society goes to ruin. "The 
race of mankind," says Sir Walter Scott, 
"would perish did they cease to aid each 
other." All, therefore, that need aid have 
a right to ask it from their fellow-mortals. 
None who have the power of granting it can 
refuse without guilt. Duty begins with life 
and ends with death. It encompasses our 
whole being. It goes out of our households 
to the help of others. The master owes 
duty to the servant, and the servant to the 
master. We owe our duty to our neigh- 
bors, our country and our state. The doing 
of our duty to all involves an immense re- 
sponsibility. But no one can lead a true life 
unless she feels this sense and energetically 
acts up to it. To live well, to set a lofty ex- 
ample, is the richest bequest a woman can 
leave behind her, for example teaches better 
than precept. It ds the best modeler of the 
character of men and women. 

All this requires Faith, Modesty, Courage, 
Unselfishness and Endurance. Temptations 
will beset all, but by Faith aud Courage we 
are enabled to set them at defiance. The 
best and bravest of men have their moments 
of doubt and weakness; they may even feel 
the pillars of their faith shaking under them, 
but if they are the best and bravest, they 
will by recurring to our first principles, rise 
again. Duty requires us to be chaste and 
loving; Justice repudiates all forms of op- 
pression, selfishness and cruelty. We should 
remember that all mankind are our breth- 
ren, and that we must love and cherish them 
and try to make them better, even those 
that do us harm, for faith in God contains 
within it the assurance that good must uni- 
versally overcome evil. 

The worth of our life is to be measured by 
our opportunities for activity in the path of 
the Divine laws and purposes; and in that 
path is to be found the freedom, without 
which there is no real life. The sense of 
duty smooths our path and helps us to know, 
to learn and to obey. We strive against in- 
clination to do wrong and endeavor to do 
right. The struggle grows easier with each 
day's efforts, and we reap as we have sown. 

The first principle of our Society is Faith. 
And for example, we are reminded of the 
Syro-Phoenicdan woman of the Bible. When 
we read a sketch of this woman's life, we 
are forcibly impressed with the strength of 
her faith. The Great Master himself said 
to her, "Oh, woman, great is thy faith." But 
is her faith more remarkable than the cour- 
age and prudence of Abigail, the wife of 
Nabal, who promptly risked the displeasure 
of David that she might save the life of her 

Can we help but admire the courageous 

September, 1902. 



decision of the beautiful heathen queen 
Yashti in resisting the royal mandate of her 
husband, and, rather than appear unchaste 
or immodest, allowed herself to be reduced 
to the position of a slave? Let us look for 
a moment at the prophetess Anna, who de- 
voted her life to the service of the Most 
High, and during her many years of labor 
strengthened many a weary one with her 
prayers and counsels, and eased many an 
aching heart. 

Behold Electa, that noble and heroic speci- 
men of her sex, whom tradition tells us gave 
for many years her entire income, beyond 
her family expenses, to the relief of the 
poor, and her palatial home was the wel- 
come abode for weary and persecuted Chris- 
tians. You will not be called upon to en- 
dure such wrongs and burdens as she bore, 
to suffer imprisonment and death as she did. 
but in our field of labor there is much of the 
kind of work that she performed. And the 
memory of the wife, daughter, mother or 
sister of a Modern Woodman of America, 
who imitates her example, will be cherished 
in all time to come. There is a virtue in the 
passive endurance that is often greater than 
the glory of success. 

What more touching illustration could we 
give of the unfailing endurance of a mother's 
love than that of Rizpah, the secondary wife 
of Saul, who followed her two sons— her 
last remaining tie on earth— to the gallows, 
and there for five long weary months kept 
watch over their dead bodies? What a sad 
and mournful employment for a broken- 
hearted mother, a lone widow and childless! 
Can we think of her without our hearts be- 
ing touched? Yet there are many around 
us as deserving of our sympathy as she. Let 
us not overlook them, not pass them by. 
But Ave need not cite you further. Only in 
closing we ask you to keep ever before you 
the principles of our Society: "Faith,'' 
"Courage," "Modesty," "Unselfishness" and 
"Endurance." And in moments of doubt 
or weakness, remember the lines of the poet: 

"Thou must be brave thyself, 
If thou the truth would teach, 
Live truly and thy life shall be 
A great and noble creed." 

Yiee Oracle — Marshal, you may introduce 
the candidates to the characters represent- 
ing our principles. 

Marshals proceed as described in Floor 
Work of the first character. 

Marshal— Oh, woman of Phoenicia, I pray 
thee direct this (or these) neighbors, in the 
way of perfect faith. 

Syro -Phoenician Woman— Faith: "Have 
mercy on me. oh, God, for in thee do I put 
my trust. Thou who art able to do all things 

hast delivered me from the hand of Satan; 
when others would have turned me aside. 
Thou rebuked them; and though I were as 
nothing yet Thou saved me. Henceforth, 
will I live by faith in Thee and Thee alone." 
The cross is represented to you as a fit- 
ting emblem of Faith. To this let us cling 
through life, for in its symbolic teachings we 
find, not only comfort for our earthly trials 
and vicissitudes but peace and rejoicing in 
that hour "when this corruptible must put on 
lncorruption, and this mortal must put on 
immortality." "Looking unto Jesus, the 
author and finisher of our faith, who for the 
joy that was set before Him endured the 
cross, despising the shame, and is set down 
at the right hand of the throne of God." 

"Put thou thy faith in God, 
In duty's path go on; 
Fix on His cross thy steadfast eye. 
So shall thy work be done." 
(See Floor Work.) 

Marshal— We next come to Abigail, re- 
markable for her courage in the hour of 

Abigail— Courage: "And when Abigail 
drew near unto David, she fell at his feet 
and said: 'Upon me, my Lord, upon me. let 
this iniquity be; and let thine handmaid. I 
pray thee, speak in thine audience, and hear 
the w T ords of thine handmaid.' And David 
hearkened unto her words, and when she 
was finished her supplication, he said to 
her, 'Blessed be the Lord God of Israel, who 
sent thee this day to meet me.' And he re- 
ceived from her hand, according to the cus- 
tom, that which she had brought, and peace 
was made 'twixt he and Nabal." 

Here you find represented to you the scep- 
ter, emblematic of courage and loyalty. It 
teaches us that God requires us to be just 
in all our dealings, and to defend the right 
at all cost. Courage is that moral strength 
of character which threatened evils cannot 
dismay. Not even death staring them in the 
face could shake the courage of the martyrs, 
who perished that their souls might live. 
And to-day, the truth for which they died 
is as a bright and shining light to our path- 

"Then pledge with us your honored name. 

Chisel your vow on stone, 
And taking up your cross with faith. 

For all neglect atone." 

(See Floor Work.) 

Marshal— Behold the beautiful Queen 
Yashti crowned with modest humility. 

Yashti— Modesty: "King Ahasnerus. in 
the third year of his reign, made a feast 
unto all the people that he might display 
the riches and honors of his glorious king- 
dom. Now, it came to pass that on the sev- 



September, 1902. 

enth day of his feast, the king commanded 
his seven chamberlains that they bring be- 
fore him Vashti, the queen, with the crown 
royal upon her head, that he might show to 
the princes and people her beauty, for she 
was fair to look upon." 

But the queen's modesty was shocked at 
this command, for, according to the custom, 
it was improper for a lady to appear with- 
out her veil, except in the presence of her 
husband and near relatives. When we con- 
sider the imperativeness of the command, 
made, as it was, by her husband and king, 
can we help but admire the courage dis- 
played by her, guarding so perfectly what 
she considered true womanly modesty? 
Gladstone has said that "To be womanly is 
the greatest charm of woman." 

It is our object to teach modesty in all its 
purity. Let it be one of our aims in life to 
keep our minds pure, that our conversation 
may be chaste. Emblematic of our teaching 
are the pure, white violets, given to us as 
they are in all their purity and sweetness 
fresh from the hand of God. Take with 
you this bunch of violets, and may your life 
be as pure as these spotless flowers. 

(Hands her the bunch of violets. See Floor 

Marshal— Prophetess Anna, we entreat 
thee to aid us by thy example of unselfish- 

Anna — Unselfishness: The character of 
Anna has been presented to you as an ex- 
ample of unselfishness. Left a widow, after 
seven years of married life, she felt called 
upon to devote her remaining years to the 
service of God. And we are told that she 
left not the temple, but worshiped there dur- 
ing every morning and evening sacrifice. Ac- 
cording to the custom, all persons in sorrow 
and distress sought relief by coming to the 
temple. She was found there, ever ready 
to extend to them her aid and sympathy, 
and to cheer them by her counsels and ad- 

May we not follow her example, and, prov- 
ing true to our principles, extend to the 
needy the helping hand, and open our hearts 
to the sorrowing and disconsolate. 

(See Floor Work.) 

Marshal— Lady Electa, impart to this 
neighbor thy spirit of endurance. 

Electa— Endurance: The tradition of the 
Elect Lady, or Electa, as she is sometimes 
called, is handed down to us from the writ- 
ings of St. John the apostle. She is repre- 
sented, not only as an example of unselfish- 
ness, but of endurance. Though born and 
raised under heathen influences, yet we find 
her, with her entire family, embracing the 
Christian religion as soon as its truths were 
presented to them. 

This noble woman performed her mission 
during the years when Christians were sub- 
ject to imprisonment and death. She fal- 
tered not, but continued in her work of love 
and Christian teaching. And when the hour 
came when by proclamation of the Roman 
Emperor she must recant or be slain, she 
scorned all proposals of renunciation. 

Her life is one noble example from be- 
ginning to end. First, we find her born in a 
heathen land, knowing no other God than 
the Roman idols, until the lips of the in- 
spired apostle told her of the New Life. 
Then we find her taking up the cross of 
faith, to which she clung through life, mod- 
estly strewing her heavenly pathway with 
flowers, by her unselfish deeds of mercy and 
loving kindness. To her, and not only to her, 
but to all who endure to the end shall the 
Crown of Life be given. 

Vice Oracle — Marshals, you may present 
the candidates to the Oracle for closing in- 

Installation of Officers. 

Oracle— The Grand Officers will please re- 
tire with the Officers-Elect. 

Grand Officers retire with Officers-Elect, 
examine, and when ready to return, the In- 
ner Sentinel should inform the Oracle, who 
calls up the Camp, and the Pianist will com- 
mence the Installation ode. With the first 
word of the song, the Inner Sentinel shall 
open the door and admit the Grand Officers 
with Officers-Elect, who proceed as described 
in Floor Movements while the ode is being 

Installation Ode. 

Grand Oracle — Oracle, we come prepared 
to install the officers who have been chosen 
by this Camp for the ensuing year, and now 
await your pleasure. 

The retiring Oracle may here make a few 
remarks if she desires. 

Oracle— Officers and members, you will 
please give strict attention to the worthy 
Neighbor who has been authorized to install 
the officers of this Camp. 

Behold the Neighbors of our choice, 

Prepared to take their vows. 
Let praises ring from every voice 

While each in duty bows. 

Submissive ever to your tasks, 

Filled with fraternal love. 
May you by faith and courage true 

Receive your crown above. 

Oracle surrenders the chair to the Grand 

Grand Oracle (calls down the Camp)— 
Grand Marshal, you will please seat the 

Grand Marshal seats the officers. 

Grand Oracle— Grand Marshal, have you 
examined the Officers-Elect and found them 
free from all charges on the Camp books,. 

September, V.nr2. 



and willing to yield obedience to all our 

Grand Marshal— I have Grand Oracle, and 
found them free. 

Grand Oracle — Neighbors, we are about to 
install the Officers of this Camp for the en- 
suing year. Let us first invoke the bless- 
ings of the Supreme Ruler upon us. 

Calls up Camp. * * * 

Prayer by Grand Chancellor: 

And now, our Heavenly Father, we pray 
Thee to let Thy benediction rest upon these 
members of this, our beloved Camp, who 
have been chosen to preside over us for the 
ensuing term. And as they shall be installed 
in their respective offices, may they feel the 
responsibility that rests upon them. And 
may they with faith and courage wisely 
administer the true principles of our Society, 
so that peace and prosperity may reign over 
us. May the modest virtue of unselfishness 
spreading its hallowed light around us illu- 
mine our pathway through life, enabling us 
to endure, if need be, privations and hard- 
ships, in order that we may do good to 
others; pouring the balm of consolation into 
the wounded heart; exemplifying the true 
principles of womanhood by comforting the 
despondent, and may we go forward in life, 
modestly teaching the true virtue of unself- 
ishness in all that we do, so that each of our 
lives may prove a spotless page in the 
world ? s history and a blessing to others. And 
now, unto Thee, our Father, who art the 
giver of all things, be honor and praise, now 
and evermore. Amen. 

Seats Camp. * 

Grand Oracle— Grand Marshal, you will 
now present the officers in turn for installa- 

Grand Marshal— Grand Oracle, I present to 
you Neighbor , who has been se- 
lected by this Camp to fill the chair of Ora- 
cle for the ensuing term. 

Grand Oracle— Oracle-Elect, you will please 
place your right hand on the open Bible, and 
repeat after me: 

Calls up Camp. * * * 


I, having been selected Oracle 

of Camp No. . . . , of the Society of 

"Royal Neighbors of America," do solemnly 
promise that I will perform all the duties of 
this office, to the best of my knowledge and 
ability, until my successor is duly installed. 
1 will support the Constitution and By-Laws 
of this Society, and will not grant to any 
except a member in good standing the moans 
whereby to gain admission to this Camp. I 
will judge of every transaction thai comes 
before me with malice toward none and 
charity for all. To the performance Of all 
this I pledge my most sacred honor. 

Calls down the Camp. * 

Grand Oracle — Neighbor yon 

are to fill the position of Oracle of this Camp. 
Much of the prosperity of the Camp will 
depend upon the manner in which you per- 
form these duties. It is your duty to pre- 
side at all meetings, and you will be fore* 
most in advocating and carrying out the 
principles of our Society. Let me caution 
you, then, that you act without fear or par- 
tiality. Study thoughtfully this Constitu- 
tion and By-Laws (Marshal here handing her 
a copy of the same); take them for your 
guide; shield none who violate them, and 
see that all business is transacted punctually 
and with dispatch. 

Grand Marshal, you may now present the 
Oracle with the badge of her office. 

Grand Marshal— By command of the Grand 
Oracle, I present you with this badge. 

Grand Oracle— Oracle, you will please be 
seated at my left. 

Grand Marshal seats Oracle and returns to 

Grand Oracle— Grand Marshal, you will es- 
cort the Past Oracle to her station and pre- 
sent the other Officers-Elect for installation- 
Grand Marshal— Grand Oracle, I now pre- 
sent to you the other officers of this Camp, 
who are prepared to receive the Obligation. 

Calls up the Camp. * * * 

Grand Oracle — Officers-Elect, you will place 
your right hands on the Bible, and repeat 
after me: 


I here solemnly promise to renew my ob- 
ligation of secrecy and fidelity to the So- 
ciety and to this Camp, pledging my sacred 
honor to fulfill, to the best of my ability, all 
the duties of this office, and assist in pro- 
moting the welfare of the Society. I will 
endeavor to attend all the meetings of this 
Camp, and will faithfully perform the du- 
ties of my station until my term of office 
shall expire. 

Calls down the Camp. * 

Grand Oracle — Neighbor you 

have been selected Vice Oracle of this Camp. 
In the absence of the Oracle, it will be your 
duty to preside. To you is assigned the duty 
of assisting the Oracle, seeing that her or- 
ders are obeyed. You will also be prepared 
at each meeting of the Camp to read, or 
cause to be read, short articles that contain 
useful information for our Society and to de- 
liver to candidates the Lecture of this de- 

The Grand Marshal will invest you with 
the badge of your office and conduct yon to 
your chair. 

Grand Marshal proceeds as Instructed and 

Grand Marshal Grand Oracle, our Cha 1 ' 



September, 1902. 


Grand Oracle— Neighbor , in pre- 
senting you this sacred volume (presents her 
with the Bible), to which all must look for 
true wisdom and guidance, I need not urge 
you to be faithful to your trust. Upon you 
rests a duty I hope will ever be cheerfully 
performed, and may the lessons that you 
impart be deeply impressed upon our minds. 
For whatsoever ye sow, that shall ye also 

The Grand Marshal will now present you 
with the badge of your office and escort you 
to your seat. 

Grand Marshal escorts and returns. 

Grand Marshal— Grand Oracle, I present 
you Neighbor , who has been se- 
lected Marshal of this Camp. 

Grand Oracle — Neighbor , as 

Marshal of this Camp, it is your duty, at 
the opening of each meeting, to prove those 
present with the password and grip, ^na 
see that they are furnished with the proper 
regalia, and, during initiation, to guide can- 
didates through the mysteries of our degree. 
At your hand alone will they be enabled for 
the first time to see the interior of our Camp, 
and by you are they presented with the out- 
ward insignia of our Society and instructed 
in the passwords and grip. These passwords 
and this grip, however, should never be 
given outside the Camp-room, and there only 
when you are instructed to do so by the 

Accept from the Grand Marshal the badge 
of your office, and be seated at my left. 

Marshal takes her seat. 

Grand Marshal— Grand Oracle, I present 

to you Neighbor , who has been 

chosen Recorder. 

Grand Oracle — Recorder, the duties of 
your office are not light, but we trust they 
may be always promptly and cheerfully per- 
formed. To your keeping is assigned all 
the books and papers of this Camp, and 
your records will be preserved as a memento 
of your labors for us. Let them be exact, 
that they form a true history of your work 
for this Camp. 

Accept from the Grand Marshal the badge 
of your office, and take your place at the 
Recorder's desk. 

Grand Marshal conducts the Recorder to 
her desk, and returning presents the Re- 

Grand Marshal— j Grand Oracle, I present 

to you Neighbor who is prepared 

to assume her duties as Receiver. 

Grand Oracle — Neighbor the 

members of this Camp, placing confidence 
In your integrity, have selected you for Re- 
ceiver, and you have given bonds for the 
faithful performance of your duties. To 

you will be intrusted the funds of this 
Camp. May you prove worthy of the trust 
reposed in you. 

Accept the badge of your office from the 
Grand Marshal, who will conduct you to 
your desk. 

Grand Marshal conducts the Receiver to 
her desk, and returning, presents the Senti- 

Grand Marshal— Grand Oracle, I now pre- 
sent to you the Sentinels of this Camp. 

Grand Oracle — Sentinels, your positions 
are no less responsible than the other offi- 
cers. The duties of the Outer Sentinel are 
to keep secure the outer door during every 
session of this Camp, allowing no one t 
enter the reception room except members or 
candidates. The emblems and all parapher- 
nalia of this Camp will be placed in your 
keeping, and you will see that any Neighbor 
entering while the Camp is in session is 
clothed with the appropriate regalia. 

Inner Sentinel, let me caution you to be 
vigilant and watchful. Admit no one wita- 
out their names and the proper password, 
and allow no one to leave the room unless 
granted permission by the Vice Oracle. 

Grand Marshal returns and presents Man- 

Managers, your positions require careful 
attention; as Managers of this Camp it is 
your duty to audit the books semi-annually, 
hold all bonds, and perform all other duties 
required of you by the By-laws of this So- 

Grand Marshal returns and presents Phy- 

Though the last to be installed, your du- 
ties carry with them their grave responsi- 
bility, for upon your faithful performance 
thereof rests, an a large measure, the con- 
tinued prosperity and well-being of our So- 
ciety. I exhort you, therefore, to be ex- 
ceedingly careful and conscientious in the 
discharge of your professional duties, in con- 
nection with the examination and approval 
of applicants for benefit certificates. 

You will now be conducted to your seats 
by the Grand Marshal, who will present 
each of you with the badge of your office. 

Grand Oracle— I now declare the officers of 
this Camp duly installed. May your duties 
be pleasantly and faithfully performed. 
May all who meet with us here strive to 
work hand in hand for the good of our So- 
ciety, allowing no enmity or strife to enter 
into our midst. 

I now surrender the chair to the Oracle, 
who will proceed with the business of the 

Grand Oracle steps down and takes her 
place among the floor members, and the 
Oracle takes the chair. 

The New Book In the Coils; 

Advanced orders are asked for a book that every 
Christian should own and read to his children. 
We ought to have a thousand advance orders to 
meet the expense of getting out the first edition. 
Who will help? The price of "Modern Secret So- 
cieties" is 50 cents, in paper cover, and 75 cents in 


|y|odern Qecret S ocieties 


President Wheaton College, President National 
Christian Association, ex-President Sabbath Asso- 
ciation of Illinois, etc. 

A brief treatise for busy people and specially 
intended for ministers and teachers. 

Part I.— Clearing Away the Brush. Part II.— 
Freemasonry, Next to the Jesuits, the Most Pow- 
erful of Secret Orders. Part III.— Related and 
Subsidiary Lodges. Part IV.— Concluding Chap- 
ters. • 


PART I.— Clearing Away the Brush. 

Chapter I.— Reason for Discussing tne Subject 
and for the Present Publication.- 

Chapter II.— Why Make Freemasonry so Prpmi- 

Chapter III.— Is It Possible to Know What Se- 
cret Societies Are Without Uniting with Them? 

Chapter IV.— If Evil, Why Do So Many Good Men 
Unite with Them? 

Chapter V.— Do Not Their Charities Prove Them 
to Be Helpful to Men? 

Chapter VI.— If the Church Would Do Her Duty 
Would There Be need for Lodges? 

Chapter VII. — Review of Topics Treated in 
Part I. 

PART II. — Freemasonry; the Keystone of the' 

Chapter I.— Freemasonry or Modern Idolatry. 

Chapter II.— The Ceremonies of the Lodge, or 
How is a Man Made a Mason. 

Chapter III.— Masonic Obligations, or the Lodge 
and Civil Government. 

Chapter IV.— Freemasonry and Woman, or the 
Lodge and the Home. 

Chapter V. — Higher Degrees. 

Chapter VI.— The Higher Degrees Continued. 

Chapter VII.— Review of Part II. 

PART III.— Related and Subsidiary Organizations. 
Chapter I.— Oddfellowship. 
Chapter II.— The Temperance Lodges. 
Chapter III.— Insurance Lodges. 
Chapter IV. — Industrial Orders. 
Chapter V.— Patriotic lodges. 
Chapter VI.— College Fraternities. 
Chapter VII.— Review of Part III. 

PART IV.— Concluding Chapters. 

Chapter I.— The obligations of Secret Societies 
Not Masonic. 

Chapter II.— The Testimonies of Seceders. 

Chapter III.— The Opinions of Great and Good 

Chapter IV.— What do Lodge Burials Teach? 

Chapter V.— Is the Struggle Against Lodgism 

Chapter VI.— Does Testimony Against Lodgism 
Injure Churches? 

Chapter VII.— The Duty of the Hour. 


32i West Madison St., Chicago. 

The Secret Lodge Conflict. 


Fourth Edition. Cloth Bound. 300 Pages. 
Size 5x7 >£. Sent Postpaid for $1.10. 

This is not so much a work of fiction as an 
historical narrative. 

When the first edition was published the 
Editor of the Cynosure said of it : 

"A charming work, fit to be classed with "Uncle 
Tom's Cabin." It is indeed less a work of fiction. 
The whole group of actors and the principal events 
of the story are living realities, drawn to the life; 
and the teachings of our great statesmen are so 
woven into the woof of the tale, that the volume is 
as valuable for a book of reference as it is agree- 
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The sudden death of the author placed new and 
heavy burdens upon the widow, who has the sym- 
pathy of the readers of the Cynosure, and we trust 
will have a large patronage for this book. 

Send orders to the 





336 Pages. 
Cloth, 5x71^, Postpaid, : One Dollar 

There is nothing so interesting to the human 
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lines of thought and action, and a greater variety 
of adventures than are often found concentrated in 
a single human life. The book contains much that 
is amusing and inspiring.— Rev. J. H. Fairchlld, 
D. D., President of Oberlin College. 

Rev. Sherlock Bristol now lives in Los Angeles. 
Cal. The Editor of the Cynosure began the perusal 
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Why I Left the Rebekah Lodge. 

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Address National Christian Association 



v ►♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦*♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦< 


n Polar Night, 

Thou Serv'st 

iMk'iJiiJ ; j 

The God that to the fathers 

Revealed His holy will, 
Has not the world forsaken, 

He's with His children still. 

Then envy not the twilight 
That glimmered on their way; 

Look up and see the dawning 
That broadens into day. 

'Twas but far-off, in vision 
The fathers' eyes could see 

The glory of the Kingdom, 
The better time to be. 

To-day we see fulfilling 

The dreams they dreamt of old; 
While nearer, ever nearer. 

Rolls on the Age of Gold. 

With trust in God's free spirit, 
The ever broadening ray 

Of Truth that shines to guide us 
Along our forward way, , 

Let us to-day be faithful. 

As were the brave of old. 
Till we, their work completing, 

Bring in the ago of gold. 

Rev. Windt J. Savage, D. D. 


>♦♦»»♦♦»« ♦♦♦♦♦♦ 


Riots and Rioters 178 

The Elect Deceived 178 

Masonic Murders 180 

Origin of Freemasonry 180 

The Philosophy of Strikes 182 

A Godly History — From Proceedings of 

Joint Synod Lutheran Church 183 

The St. Louis Boodlers' Oath 183 

Masonic Bombast 186 

Woodmen of the World 187 

Old Line and Fraternal Insurance 18S 

Effort to Whitewash the Masonic Temple 190 
The Secret Society Movement in China. . 190 

Out of Accord 191 

An Anachronistic Claim . . 191 

Glimpse of Scottish Rite Masonry 191 

"So-called Higher Degrees", 194 

News of Our Work , 194 

New England Summer Campaign 194 

From Minnesota 196 

From New Orleans 196 

Wisconsin State Conference. .'.. 196 

From Secretary W. B. Stoddard 19S 

Ladies of the Maccabees 199 

A Ruined Minister — A Deserted Church. 199 

The Knights of Pythias 200 

Was It a Masonic Murder? 201 

Responsibility 201 

Life Insurance Suggestions 201 

The Plain Truth About the Strike— by 

the Hon. Abram S. Hewitt 202 

Question as to G. A. R 204 

An Invaded Right and What It Means. . 204 

A. O. IT. W. in Trouble 205 

Across the Ocean . ; 205 


*w ^ — » 

"Jesus answered him, — I spake openly to the world; and in secret have I said nothing." John 18:20. 




The Christian Cynosure, 

Official Organ of the National 
Christian Association. 



221 West Madison St., Chicago. 

that the boodlers had already sworn the 
Masonic oath "under no less a penalty 
than that of having my throat cut, my 
tongue torn out by its roots and buried 
in the rough sands of the sea." Can our 
friends in St. Louis advise us as to the 
Masonic standing of the different "mem- 
bers of the combine" of the House of 
Delegates ? 

Entered at the Postofflce, Chicago, 111., as second 
class matter. 

In the article "Across the Ocean," in 
this number, is a section of European 
history of more than passing interest. 

"Modern Secret Societies," by Presi- 
dent Charles A. Blanchard, is not only 
one of the most valuable books written 
on the subject of the lodge, but it is su- 
perior to most in interest to the reader. 
It holds attention and increases in inter- 
est. We are thankful for the advance 
orders received last month, but hope for 
many more this month. We must have 
them. The book ought to be issued 

Everyone ought to read in this num- 
ber the Glimpse of Scottish Rite Ma- 
sonry. Mr. A. J. Millard, of Little Rock, 
Ark., writes : "Lodge religion is ram- 
pant in our city just now. It is expected 
that a class of ioo will be initiated soon 
into the Scottish Rite." Learn from this 
number of the Cynosure the kind of 
training now being given to American 

The St. Louis boodlers swore that if 
they violated their oath the "combine" 
might take their lives, and "that my 
throat may be cut, my tongue torn out 
and my body cast into the Mississippi 
river." The Masonic origin of the oath 
seems quite evident, and it is probable 

Elsewhere in this number we print in 
full the article by Hon. Abram S. Hewitt 
on the anthracite coal strike. It should 
be carefully read by everyone. The Chris- 
tian Intelligencer says : "No man's opin- 
ion on this great strike — one of the most 
notable on record — could be more impar- 
tial and valuable than that of the Hon. 
Abram S. Hewitt, which will be found 
elsewhere in this number, printed in full. 
Mr. Hewitt is an old man. He has made 
a most honorable mark in public life, and 
retired. Therefore he has no political 
or other kind of ax to grind. He enjoys 
the confidence and respect of both em- 
ployer and wage-earner. Throughout his 
own industrious life he has always mani- 
fested a kindly interest in laboring men, 
and is not unfriendly to trades unions. 
So we say Mr. Hewitt's judgment is val- 
uable, and his views deserve attention 
and acceptance. The article is his reply 
to the question whether arbitration is not 
the only means of settling the strike, and 
an equitable solution of the difficulty. 
Friendly as Mr. Hewitt is to the laboring 
man, he" does not attempt to defend him 
when in the wrong by ignoring all ordi- 
nary rules of law or justice. He believes 
that in this strike the miners are wrong, 
and brushing aside the exciting surface 
truths, he recites and emphasizes the es- 
sential principles that should have been 
recognized and maintained from the be- 
ginning, since they are the corner stones 
of general prosperity and individual free- 



October, 1902. 

dom. . Hence occur such strong and true 
sentences as these: 'What is wanted to 
end this destructive conflict is not arbi- 
tration, but the stern repression of vio- 
lence and assured protection of the min- 
ers who desire to earn a livelihood for 
themselves and their families. To this 
protection they are entitled, and the gov- 
ernment which fails to afford it is a re- 
proach to republican institutions.' Mr. 
Hewitt has undoubtedly made the wisest 
and best deliverance yet upon the sub- 
ject. It is widely endorsed, as it ought to 
be. Everybody should read it attentive- 
ly, and it should go far toward influ- 
encing a speedy settlement of this disas- 
trous strike." 





A special deputy employed about the 
Shenandoah colliery was seized by the 
mob and thrown beneath the wheels of 
a moving train. A few moments later 
there was nothing left of him but a man- 
gled mass of flesh and bones. 

Two men were shot by strikers while 
working in a mine near Carbondale on 
Tuesday. Each of the men is in a pre- 
carious condition. Their assailants were 
not apprehended. Strikers also dyna- 
mited a house in Pittston where three 
non-union miners were living, but none 
of the inmates was injured. 

Another riot caused by strikers took 
place at Duryea, near Wilkesbarre, on 
Thursday. A large crowd, chiefly Ital- 
ians and Lithuanians, had been gath- 
ering at the washery all morning and at 
2 o'clock in the afternoon attacked the 
guards, who were armed with rifles. The 
guards fired a volley of blank cartridges. 
The crowd continued to advance and the 
shower of stones grew heavier. The 
guards began to fire ball cartridges, and 
one striker was hit in the leg. The crowd 
then withdrew and the civil authorities 
placed the guards under arrest. (Shame 
on such civil authorities !) On the way 
to the lockup the crowd attacked one of 
the guards and kicked and beat him into 
insensibility. One other man was se- 
verely injured by the mob, who thought 
he was a "scab." 

Thou shalt rest sweetly if thy heart 
condemn thee not. — Thomas a-Kempis. 

Very worthy men elected to important 
stations are sometimes misled. Hoped 
for advantages in the future impell them 
to compromise or ignore present oppor- 
tunities. No more active or successful 
agency in blinding well-meaning Chris- 
tians can be found than the secret lodge 
system. Possessed of varied resources, 
skilled in Jesuitical diplomacy, as omni- 
present as the genii of evil, and as eva- 
sive as the Oracle at Delphi, it is always 
on the alert and ready for aggressive or 
defensive measures. 

I have met with repeated proofs of its 
presence and power during my campaign 
among those annual gatherings now so 
popular in New England. When "the 
sons of God come to present themselves 
before the Lord," permission to circulate 
tracts, or in the most unobtrusive manner 
give a testimony or utter a word of warn- 
ing, is the exception. I have seldom been 
flatly denied, but various objections have 
been urged for not disturbing the har- 
mony or interfering with the major pur- 
pose of the meeting. 

At a recent gathering I obtained an in- 
terview with the presiding officer. He 
treated me with marked Christian cour- 
tesy and assured me of his cordial sym- 
pathy, but as the distribution of similar 
tracts on a former occasion had displeased 
some of the brethren, he thought it wise 
to submit the application to the camp 
meeting committee for their action. As 
this committee could not be convened at 
once, I was compelled by another engage- 
ment to leave before obtaining a reply. I 
learned, however, that one of those who 
had protested was a venerable Southern 
gentleman, thoroughly devoted to the se- 
cret orders, and who claimed to . have 
fired the first gun on Fort Sumter, and 
that another strenuous opponent had a 
square and compass with symbols of high 
Masonic degrees painted over the en- 
trance to his cottage, that he was a recog- 
nized financier and also a member of the 
committee who were to pass upon my ap- 

October, 1902. 



plication. Now, while this Carolina Con- 
federate and highly decorated New En- 
gland banker, with their allies, were but 
a meager fraction of that assembly, they 
were able to incite the fears of the ma- 
jority and so bar out all testimony against 
the god they worshipped at the secret 
shrine to which they gave their first alle- 

A more marked instance occurred in 
another State. After listening to an ad- 
mirable discourse on the Holy Spirit, I 
approached the Elder in charge, and, 
after a few words of explanation, received 
permission to distribute tracts in the cot- 
tages and among the people. I selected 
"Church and Lodge," by Pres. C. A. 
Blanchard ; Col. Geo. R. Clark's tract, 
and "Disloyal Secret Oaths,'' by Joseph 
Cook. Before dinner call, I completed 
the circle of cottages contiguous to the 
auditorium, and gave to individuals and 
groups scattered about. Avoiding dis- 
cussion and courteously replying to ques- 
tions, I distributed some 300, meeting an 
occasional rebuff but more frequently 
with words of approval. . One gentleman 
inquired my motive and another who paid 
the bills, and a third, with a white neck- 
tie, said, "Isn't your name Stoddard?" 
Replying affirmatively, I. added, "May I 
ask your name, sir?" "It is not necessary 
for you to know," was the laconic reply 
with which he closed our interview. 

Coming from the dining hall, I noticed 
groups of men here and there, apparently 
engaged in the discussion of some "burn- 
ing question," but without stopping to 
inquire the cause, I proceeded with my 
work. Very soon a policeman demanded 
my authority, and when referred to the 
Presiding Elder, he said "All right." 
Presently I came upon a group to whom 
I proffered tracts, which some accepted 
and others refused. I was saluted with 
a volley of questions and found myself 
the target of half a score or more of 
preachers, who were apparentlv more 
anxious to learn "By what authority do- 
est thou these things ?" than to consider 
the merits of the secret orders. I re- 
marked that the work I was doing was 
not popular, but I felt that it was import- 
ant, and that while I encountered opposi- 
tion and even violence in its prosecution, 
I was constrained to continue. The very 
consoling reply to this statement was, "If 

you wish to pose as a martyr you can get 
mobbed and egged right on this ground 
in less than ten minutes," etc. 

One brother took exceptions to his re- 
marks and the violent manner in which 
they were uttered, and expressed the 
opinion that any society which engen- 
dered such a bitter spirit could not be 
Christian. I learned that previous to my 
appearing on the scene the discussion had 
not been all on one side. At this junc- 
ture a policeman asked me to step aside, 
and informed me that he had orders from 
the committee to stop further distribution 
of tracts. I asked how many members 
there were in the committee. "Twenty," 
he replied. "Have they held a session 
and given you this order officially." "No," 
was his prompt reply, "but I have it from 
the man who gives me my instructions." 
Whether this man was Master of some 
lodge to which the policeman belonged, 
or some camp meeting official, is only a 
matter of conjecture, and he may have 
been both. After a persistent effort, I 
succeeded in getting one young man aside 
from the group for a quiet talk. He said 
he had only taken three degrees in Ma- 
sonry. That he was ignorant of the sys- 
tem, and seldom attended his lodge. Cer- 
tainly the pool was stirred, and I trust 
good will result. It was evident to all 
who were present that the fraternity men 
had no confidence in their ability to de- 
fend the lodge by any fair means, and 
their only hope was in suppressing the 
truth at any cost to their integrity and 

Failing to find the Elder from whom I 
obtained permission,.! withdrew beyond 
the outer gate, thinking to continue my 
work untrammeled by ecclesiastical land- 
marks ; but when I began my obliging po- 
lice escort informed me that I was still 
under his jurisdiction. To my inquiry if 
his "beat" covered the entire State, I 
learned that only that part of Massachu- 
setts which belongs to the camp meeting 
association was under his watchful eye, I 
said, "I will try and find a corner that is 
not under the surveillance of an employe 
of a religious body that is controlled by 
its secret order members." 

I am confident that the presiding elders 
and a majority of those who come up to 
these annual gatherings are sincere, but 
the sad feature is that a few blatant emis- 



October, 1902. 

saries of the wicked one succeed by noisy 
demonstrations in inspiring a fear that 
the harmony of meetings will be disturb- 
ed, bad feelings engendered, and their 
purposes, in a measure at least, defeated, 
and in this way the elect are deceived for 
the time and stealthily betrayed into the 
hands of their adversaries ; but the sensi- 
tiveness of the lodge betrays a lack of 
confidence in its ability to resist attacks, 
and should inspire us to renewed energy 
and strong confidence that its days are 
numbered and its doom sealed. 


young man, a neighbor of mine, who 
went with Smith. After Smith died he 
returned, and from him I obtained the 
particulars of his death. He stated that 
they stopped at a public house, on the 
Allegheny mountain. Smith was taken 
suddenly ill and expired in a few hours 
afterwards. I shall never forget the feel- 
ings I had in consequence of the conduct 
of Masons at that place when the news 
of Smith's death reached them ; it was a 
day of rejoicing with them." — The Sun 
Anti-Masonic Almanac, 183 1. 
(To be continued.) 

Livingston was a native of New York 
State. He was a Mason. Jachin and 
Boaz had fallen into his hands. He did 
not know the true nature of his penalties, 
or how far his brethren would proceed 
in their execution. Knowing Jachin and 
Boaz to be true, he did not apprehend 
danger from stating the truth. He said 
so; soon after which he was summoned 
to the lodge. Since leaving his family to 
attend that summons he has never ap- 
peared. Various rumors were sent abroad 
respecting his mysterious disappearance ; 
but his family, having read the same 
book, knew the nature of Masonic oaths 
and penalties, and attributed his disap- 
pearance to the fraternity — they were 
then charged with his murder, and meek- 
ly bore the charge without vindication. 

Smith published Jachin and Boaz in 
Vermont. He resided in Manchester, in 
that State. He was a Master Mason, 
and was expelled from North Star Lodge 
for the publication aforesaid. "After his 
expulsion he set up what the Masons 
call a clandestine lodge ; he was harassed 
and threatened continually, so much so 
that he thought it best to sell his proper- 
ty and leave the country. A day or two 
after he left the place, a Mason of high 
standing, in conversation with me, said 
that 'Smith had started for Kentucky ; 
but,' says he, 'mark my words, he'll never 
reach Kentucky.' In the course of a few 
weeks news arrived of the death of 
Smith. The same gentleman called on 
me again, and thus addressed me: 'Did 
I not tell you Smith would not reach 
Kentucky? By G — d, he has gone where 
every damned perjured scoundrel will go 
who has said what he has.' There was a 



The early history of Freemasonry, like 
that of Rome, is involved in obscurity. 
The conquerors of the world were not 
satisfied with the plain truth of their na- 
tional origin. They taught that the 
"Eternal City" was founded and first 
ruled by the son of Mars, whose name 
was Romulus ; who was taken to the gods 
in a tempest of lightning, and became 
Quirinus, the patron saint of the city, and 
one of the chief gods of Rome. This was 
lofty and sonorous, and exceptionable, 
had it been true. 

Modern Freemasonry. 

Our modern power, which seeks, with 
Roman ambition, to lord it over the whole 
habitable earth, also styles itself eternal, 
as did Rome; deduces its origin from 
Heaven; claims the wisest man for its 
lawgiver; and some mighty thing in the 
nature of the philosopher's stone for its 
secret — all which is equally credible and 
as well attested as that Romulus was 
nursed by a wolf, or Jupiter was a god 
that could save. And the Masonic fables 
are told to cover the meanness of Free- 
masonry's origin; for she, too, sprung 
from a confederacy of lawless plunder- 
ers ; and it mortifies the pride of the high 
priests, it tops the vanity of the Grand 
Masters, and makes the puissant sover- 
eigns of Freemasonry to tremble for the 
security of their thrones, to be told that 
their boasted order sprung from the mire 
of the Rosicrucians, and spread abroad 
over the face of the earth upon the licen- 
tious cupidity of its speculative fathers ; 
that it originated within the eighteenth 

October, 1902. 



century, among men capable of the most 
atrocious falsehoods, and base enough to 
sell their reputation for money, and to 
barter a good conscience for the delusion 
of a lodge room ; men who sold Masonic 
charters for an appearance of mystery, 
but of a truth for gold. 

Stone Masons. 

Stone masons, in common with ninety- 
one other crafts and trades in the city of 
London, have been in the habit for cen- 
turies of meeting in club, for the purpose 
of improvement in the elements of their 
business and craft. Each craft has its 
public hall, its admission fee, its coat of 
arms and its charity fund. The compa- 
nies are given by name in the order of 
their rank, in Rees' Encyclopedia, Art. 
Company ; and out of only eighteen whose 
form of government is particularly men- 
tioned, sixteen are governed by a Master, 
two Wardens, and a various number of 
other assistants. So Freemasons' lodges 
are governed ; and the titles, Worshipful, 
and Most Worshipful, now peculiar to 
Masonic officers, were common to gentle- 
men of the sixteenth and seventeenth cen- 
turies, as Esquire and Honorable are 
common at the present day. 

The Lord Mayor of London, at his 
election usually makes himself free, i. e., 
becomes a member of one of the twelve 
principal societies, if he were not a mem- 
ber of one of them before ; "for these 
twelve," says the Cyclopedia, "are not 
only the oldest, but the richest ; many of 
them having had the honor of kings and 
princes to be their members, and the 
apartments of their halls being fit to en- 
tertain a monarch." But Masons are not 
among the first twelve; their rank is 31, 
hall in Basing Hall street, charter Charles 
II., 1677. Some of, these societies meet 
by prescriptive right ; the oldest charter 
is that of the Parish Clerks, A. D. 1233, 
Henry III.; the Bakers, A. D. 1307, Ed- 
ward II. Six were chartered in the four- 
teenth century, eighteen in the fifteenth 
century, twelve in the sixteenth century, 
forty (and among them the stone ma- 
sons) in the seventeenth century, and 
some in the eighteenth century. 

Handicraft Masonry is an ancient trade 
and has ever received the fostering at- 
tention of distinguished princes. Both in 
France and Scotland, the craft were al- 

lowed a peculiar jurisdiction over all dis- 
putes growing out of the exercise of their 
trade. (Lawrie's History of Masonry, 
p. no, and p. 297.) This was granted in 
France, A. D. 1645 5 an( l m Scotland, near 
two hundred years earlier, to real build- 

In the rude time, when men, ignorant 
of chirography, impressed the seal of 
their parchments with the tooth in their 
head for their signature, it was usual for 
Master Masons to give their apprentice a 
grip or sign, by which he should make 
himself known to any Mason as a regu- 
larly entered apprentice to the trade ; and 
another when he had completed his ap- 
prenticeship, and passed to the rank of a 
journeyman or fellow-craft ; and a third, 
when, by assiduity, experience and skill, 
he had himself become a master of work, 
took buildings to rear, hired fellow-crafts 
or journeymen, and received apprentices. 
The word, the sign and the grip, in those 
unlettered ages, were the certificate of the 
craft to its regularly taught members; 
and in Germany were common before 
Freemasonry was imported from En- 
gland. (See Prof. Robinson's Proofs, 

P. 540 

Masonic historians claim the men to be 
Freemasons against whom the statute 
was passed in the 25th of Edward III., 
and again in the reign of Henry VI., for- 
bidding them to assemble in lodges 
and chapters. (See F. M. Library, p. 25 ; 
Flardie's Monitor, p. 20; Lawrie, p. 94; 
Encyclopedia Brittanica, Art. Masons, 
Sec. 62.) Now Edward III. dealt with 
.Englishmen of that day as George III. 
would have dealt with Americans in his 
day, as if they had been slaves. A plague 
had swept away a fearful portion of the 
English population and the scarcity of la- 
borers caused all classes of mechanics to 
demand an increase of wages. Edward 
had several castles and magnificent edi- 
fices in building and to make his money 
hold out must compel the Masons and 
mechanics to work at the old rates. He 
issued such an ordinance and enforced it 
by his sheriffs. Under that ordinance. 
Masons were returned from the several 
counties of England to work on Windsor 
Castle, as jurors were returned to servein 
the king's courts. (See Hume's History 
of England, reign of Edward III.) This 



October, 1902. 

was equally agreeable to the Lords of 
Parliament and to himself, and accord- 
ingly it was enacted A. D. 1350, that "as 
servants, not willing after the pestilence 
to serve without taking excessive wages, 
had been required to serve in their ac- 
customed places at the rate they had re- 
ceived in the twentieth year of Edward 
III. ; and as it is given the king to under- 
stand in this present Parliament that the 
said servants have paid no regard to the 
said ordinance, but to their ease do with- 
draw from the service of great men and 
others unless they have livery and wages 
to the double or treble or what they were 
wont to take in the said twentieth year 
and before, to the great damage of the 
great men, etc., be ordained and establish- 
ed the things underwritten." 

Chap 1 . Fixes the day and year wages 
of farm servants. 

Chap. 2. The price of threshing all 
sorts of corn by the quarter. 

Chap. 3. Prescribes the wages of sev- 
eral sorts of artificers and laborers, 
among whom carpenters and masons are 
particularly specified. 

Chap. 4. Requires artificers to make 
oath that they will use their crafts as they 
did in the same twentieth year of Edward 
III. (See RufThead's English Statutes, 
Vol. 1, p. 251.) 

Seventy-four years after the enactment 
of this statute, which plainly is applicable 
only to handicrafts, Henry VI., in Parlia- 
ment at Westminster, ordained that "no 
confederacies and congregations shall be 
made by Masons in their general chapters 
and assemblies, whereby the good course 
and effects of the statute of laborers 
(25th Ed. III.), are violated and broken 
in subversion of law; and if any be, they 
that cause such chapters and congrega- 
tions to be assembled and holden, shall be 
adjudged felons." (Coke's 3d Ins., p. 


The common pretense of Freemasons, 
that these statutes were leveled particu- 
larly against their mystic order, by the in- 
fluence of bigoted priests, because the se- 
cret was not betrayed in the office of au- 
ricular confession, is too shallow, after 
once reading these statutes, to cover the 
nakedness of the falsehood or to conceal 
the evident duplicity of its first publish- 
ers. But one thing these statutes conclu- 
sively show with the aid of Masonic his- 

torians, viz., that in the reign of Edward 
III. and Henry VI. there were no Free- 
masons in England, but stone masons; 
who met in general chapters and assem- 
blies, not to cultivate the knowledge of a 
wonderful mystery, but to impede the 
execution of the laws and to violate the 
statutes of their country. 

With this view faithful history fully 
concurs. That a society claiming the 
glories of Freemasonry should have ex- 
isted for ages unnoticed by any writer, 
noble or contemptible, foolish or learned, 
is wholly incredible, and unworthy of be- 
lief. The Puritans and the Presbyterians, 
the Cabalists and the Rosicrucians, the 
Gypsies and the Necromancers, the Al- 
chymists and the Jesuits are each liberally 
noticed in the works of various authors 
during the sixteenth and seventeenth cen- 
turies ; but Freemasonry has not so much 
as a name until the eighteenth century. 
To any historical scholar, this alone is 
enough. We read of the Fraternitas la- 
thomorum, or company of bricklayers ; 
but it requires not a lawyer to discern that 
these are the men against whom the stat- 
ute of laborers was directed, in the 25th 
year of Edward III., and are not the men 
who have at this day in their lodges the 
language of Eden, and the mysteries of 
the Antediluvian world. This is irresisti- 
ble truth, and I challenge any man to turn 
its edge, or to break its point, or to show 
one particle of evidence to the contrary, 
except it proceed from the vainglorious 
boastings of the mystic order itself, which 
is not evidence, the witness being confess- 
edly interested and standing publicly 
convicted of shameless duplicity and of 

atrocious falsehood. 
— Anti-Masonic Review. 

(To be continued.) 

" 'Where are you going with the pup- 
pies, my little man ?' asked a gentleman of 
a small boy yesterday, whom he met with 
three pups in a basket. 'Goin' to drown 
them,' was the reply. T want a pup for 
my little boy to play with ; what do you 
say to letting me have one of them ?' Til 
sell you one,' spoke up the boy, with true 
American enterprise. Til sell you this 
yaller one for half a dollar, the black one 
for seventy-five cents and the spotted one 

October, 1902. 



is worth a dollar.' 'I think my boy would 
like the spotted one best, but you ask too 
much for it. You had intended drowning 
them, but I will give you twenty-five 
cents, and save you the trouble of drown- 
ing the spotted one.' 'Twenty-five cents 
for the spotted pup!' exclaimed the boy; 
'I can't stand it. Taxes is high, groceries 
is high, oil is down and going lower. Oh, 
no, I can't take less than a dollar.' 'But 

you intend to drown ' 'Take the black 

one for seventy-five cents.' 'My little boy 
wouldn't like the black one.' 'Take the 
yaller one at half a dollar and he's dog 
cheap.' T don't like his color.' 'Well, 
then, you'd better tell your boy to play 
with his toes;' and he continued on his 
way to the river remarking, 'No capitalist 
or trust can impose his terms on me these 
hard times.' " 


From Proceedings of Joint Synod Lutheran 

At the instigation of a motion sent in 
by the Wisconsin District, it was resolved 
that no pastor should receive aid out of 
the home mission treasury who does not 
contend earnestly against secret societies. 
It was emphasized that Synod has not 
changed its position on secretism, and 
that we dare not become lax or indifferent 
in our warfare against this insidious evil. 
The position of Joint Synod, as reiterated 
in 1894, is the following: "The rule 
among us must be and ever remain, that 
members of secret societies cannot be re- 
ceived as members of our congregations, 
nor may they continue their membership 
or be admitted to the Holy Supper an in- 
definite length of time." In the same year 
the following resolution was adopted : 
"We thank God that many of our congre- 
gations, according to the rule already 
adopted, have taken a decided stand 
against all secret orders, and we will ear- 
nestly pray and labor that all, sooner or 
later, may take the same decided stand." 
(Minutes 1894, page 128). 

At a later session the following resolu- 
tion on the secret society question was 
adopted : "Whereas, in various ' religious 
periodicals the assertion has been pub- 
lished that Joint Synod no longer consid- 

ers the Modern Woodmen and the Forest- 
ers as anti-Christian, be it resolved, That 
Joint Synod herewith declares that it has 
nowhere and at no time made or author- 
ized such a statement, but continues and 
must continue to oppose such secret or- 
ders as anti-Christian. 


The Chicago Record-Herald, with a 
daily circulation of about 175,000, gives 
to the world the St. Louis boodlers' oath 
as taken by the nineteen members of the 
combine of the House of Delegates. This 
oath is printed in heavy-faced type in a 
panel at the head of the column, fol- 
lowed by a special dispatch, and printed 
the day following the expose. It appears 
thus : 

Oath that Bound Members of St. Louis 
Bribery Combine. 

I do solemnly swear before the Al- 
mighty God that in associating myself 
and in becoming a member of this com- 
bine I will vote and act with the com- 
bine whenever and wherever I mav be 
so ordered to do so. 

And I further solemnly swear that I 
will not, at any place or time, reveal the 
fact that there is a combine, and that I 
will not communicate to any person or 
persons anything that may take place at 
any meeting of the combine. 

And I do solemnly agree that in case 
I should reveal the fact that any person 
in this combine has received money, 1 
hereby permit and authorize other mem- 
bers of this combine to take the forfeit 
of my life in such manner as they may 
deem proper, and that my throat may be 
cut, my tongue torn out and my body 
cast into the Mississippi river. 

And all of this I do solemnlv swear, so 
help me God. 

(Special to the Record-Herald.) 

St. Louis, Sept. 9.— As a result of the con- 
fession made before the grand jury by 
James K. Murrell, former Speaker of <the 
House of Delegates, thirteen of the nineteen 
delegates alleged to have formed a bribery 
combine have been placed under arrest and 
the apprehension of the remaining six is 
expected soon. The grand jury heard much 
startling evidence to-day. including further 
testimony from Murrell and the confession 



October, 1902. 

of a former member of the City Council, who 
was a member of the combine in the Council. 
The name of this witness is suppressed. 

To-night Circuit Attorney Folk said that 
only formalities remained to 'be attended to 
before the grand jury returned indictments 
against two well-known men, one a wealthy 
broker and the other a leading politician, in 
addition to indictments against every mem- 
ber of the City Council combine who voted 
for the passage of the city lighting bill. 

Sworn to Secrecy. 

A feature of the day's developments that 
caused a sensation and showed how fierce 
was the greed for money on the part of mem- 
bers of the combine was the publication of 
an oath produced before the grand jury and 
said to have been sworn to by every member 
of the combine. The person taking the oath 
swore not only that he would not reveal any- 
thing about the combine or its doings, but 
agreed, as a penalty for violation of the oath, 
that his life might be taken 'by the other 
members of the combine, and "that my 
throat may be cut, my tongue torn out and 
my body cast into the Mississippi River." 

Murrell's testimony 'before the grand jury 
to-day related to the Suburban and city light- 
ing deals, and to many other cases in which 
he said corporations were held up by the 
bribery combine. He told of the Burlington 
Railway bill, for passing which, he said, 
$19,000 was paid in a lump sum to him to be 
divided equally among the nineteen mem- 
bers of the combine; the Lindell Railway 
bill, for which the promoters are alleged to 
have paid $30,000, and the Missouri Pacific 
switch 'bill, which is said to have netted 
each man in the combine $800. The grand 
jury decided to hold Murrell's evidence in 
these cases for future use. 

Turn State's Evidence. 

The men who are caught in the toils are 
confused, bewildered, disheartened. As the 
strength of the evidence against them de- 
velops they .see staring them in the face the 
prospect only of penitentiary terms, and they 
are weakening. It is a scramble now as to 
which shall be the first to confess. John K. 
Murrell, E. E. Murrell, George E. Robertson 
and J. J. Hanmigan have turned State's evi- 
dence. Many overtures are being made to 
Circuit Attorney Polk for immunity from 
punishment as a reward for confession. The 
prosecuting attorney, however, stands firm; 
he refused to make an agreement with Mur- 
rell and he will not make one with anybody 
else. "Every man who comes within the 
power of the law, by whatsoever means, 
must answer to justice without any guaran- 
tee of lenity," he says. 

It was strongly intimated to-day that 
Charles Kratz, the reputed leader of the 

combine in the City Council, who was in- 
dicted and arrested, together with Murrell, 
charged with bribery in the Suburban case, 
and who fled to Mexico about the same time, 
will follow Murrell's example and return to 
make a clean breast of his connection with 
the passage of that ifcdil. 

Surrender Is Expected. 

The surrender of Charles F. Kelley, accord- 
ing to Mr. Folk, is hourly expected. Kelley 
was formerly Speaker of the House of Dele- 
gates, and, according to Murrell's confession, 
handled the $47,000 paid to the nineteen 
members of the house who formed the com- 
bine for passing the city lighting bill. 

"The confession of Kelley," said Mr. Folk, 
"will make a complete case against every 
man implicated in the notorious scandal 
whereby St. Louis was compelled to pay ex- 
tortionate prices for its light for ten years, 
and on account of which the city was 
plunged into darkness for two months." 

The city lighting bill passed- the Council 
Oct. 27, 1899. The following members voted 
for it: 

Carroll, Gast, Gause, Hodges, Horton, 
Gratz, Thuner, Wiggins, President Meier. 

One or two of this list were not recognized 
as members of the Council combine, and the 
evidence may not require indictments 
against them. 

Cases of Suspects. 

Of the thirteen delegates under arrest three 
are in the custody of Attorney Folk. They 
are John K. Murrell, E. E. Murrell, his broth- 
er, and George F. Robertson. Three are out 
on bonds of $45,000 each; they are Harry A. 
Faulkner, Charles J. Denny and T. E. Al- 
bright. Six of the arrested men, John H. 
Schnettlet, J. J. Hannigan, Charles Gutke, 
John Helms, Otto Schumacher and E'dmund 
Bersch, have been unable to secure $30,000 
bonds each for the alleged sale of their votes 
in the Suburban case. They will now be 
asked to raise $45,000 each, an apparently 
hopeless task. 

The five delegates who are still at large, 
Emile Hartmann, Charles F. Kelley, Louis 
Decker, John A. Sheridan and Julius Leh- 
man, will probably lose their liberty also 
in default of being able to furnish the same 
large amount each. The Circuit Attorney 
says he is tired of having bonds forfeited, as 
in the former Murrell and Kratz cases, and 
so has insisted on the $45,000 each. 

Two delegates are out of town: Adolph 
Madera, who is visiting in Colorado, and 
William M. Tamblyn, who was arrested to- 
day in Cleveland. 

It appears that Circuit Attorney Folk 
is one of those kind of folks, who in rid- 
ing around his circuit discovered a "hole 

October, 1902. 



in the wall" over against the House of 
Delegates. He rode in. His appearance 
on the scene caused great consternation 
among the rodents of the combine, which 
were coolly lying in the shade and eat- 
ing out the heart of various cheeses, which 
had been by different parties put into 
their press and by them serenely 
squeezed. So James K. Murrell con- 
fesses that he, as President of the House 
of Delegates, and also of the combine, 
held the keys to the box, which reposed 
in the catacombs of the safety vaults, and 
which box held $75,000, placed there by 
a certain city railway corporation, for the 
exclusive and equal distribution among 
the members of the secret combine, pro- 
vided they secured the passage of a cer- 
tain franchise, for the benefit of the said 
city railway. But the "rather too pre- 
vious" appearance of Circuit Attorney 
Folk scattered the scamps to distant 
States and lands. The Hon (?) James 
K. Murrell, after being for some months 
sweated and softened by the summer- 
like sun of distant Mexico, made his way 
homeward and published a full confes- 
sion. He acknowledges his fault and 
sorrow, states the oath, and many other 
circumstances, surrenders the keys to' the 
safety box in the vault, where the $75,- 
000 intact corroborates the truthfulness 
of his revelations. 

It may be said of J. K. MurrelFs rev- 
elation of the boodlers' oath, as it is said 
of the revelations of the Masons' oath, 
that any man who would take such an 
oath as that and reveal it is not worthy of 
belief. If so, on that ground Attorney 
Folk should give up the prosecution. 

The Prosecution. 

Second. It may be said that we can- 
not know anything about the real truth 
of this revelation about the sworn lodge 
of boodlers, because we never were in- 
side of their lodge room, and it stands to 
reason, they 'say, that we cannot know 
that Murrell told the truth. Neverthe- 
less, the strong, steel hand of justice 
still grips the scepter and also the cul- 
prits, and the grand jury and the Circuit 
Attorney proceed against these boodlers 
with a pair prospect of landing them in 
the penitentiary. Common sense says 
that Murrell's revelation of the boodlers' 

lodge is worthy of credence. It says the 
same of Masonic revelations. 

Third. Freemasons, and those who 
have taken any pains to read the confes- 
sions of William Morgan, Rev. David 
Bernard, Rev. Nathaniel Colver, D. D., 
President Charles G. Finney, of Oberlin 
College ; Edmond Ronayne, of Chicago, 
and others, will recognize in the boodlers' 
oath wording akin to the Masonic oath, 
though less elaborate. 

Did Morgan and Murrell Really Tell the 


As collateral evidence, the reader may 
go to Wendell's Supreme Court Reports 
of the State of New York, Vol. XIII., 
pp. 13 to 26, and read the case of Purple 
versus Horton, tried in the Chenango 
County Circuit Court. This volume is in 
many law libraries, as well as in the Chi- 
cago law library. 

Dr. Joseph Cook, the great preacher 
and lecturer of all lands, used this latter 
in his Chicago lecture on secret societies 
in the First Methodist Church a few 
years ago, reading the Master Mason's 
oath from that copy. Several of the 
New England State Legislatures, as well 
as the States of New York and Pennsyl- 
vania, have voluminous references to 
their investigations of freemasonry dur- 
ing several years after the death of Wil- 
liam Morgan, whom it was alleged and 
believed was murdered according to the 
Masonic oath, after his printed revela- 
tions of Freemasonry were out. 

A Past Grand Master of the Grand 
Lodge of the United States, in his his- 
tory of Freemasonry, says that "forty- 
five thousand Masons out of fifty thou- 
sand in the United States left the lodges 
to return no more after the Morgan ex- 
citement and investigations." Why was 
that? It looks this way, that if some lo- 
cal church was accused of destroying the 
life of one of its members, and if the rest 
of the denomination should turn to their 
constitutions, covenants and rules of or- 
der and find that under certain circum- 
stances the membership could "cut a 
brother's throat across, divide his body 
to the north and south and burn his 
bowels to ashes in the center, and bury 
it in the rough sands of the sea at low- 
water mark, where the tide ebbs and 



October, 1902. 

flows twice in twenty-four hours, so help 
me God and keep me steadfast in due 
performance of the same," there is little 
question but it would badly disintegrate 
and break up the church. 

All over the United States Freemasons 
swore before legislative committees and 
the civil courts that they took that oath. 
And many men who are like Mr. Mur- 
rell, coming home and making confes- 
sions, say they took it in the Masonic 
lodge. Shall we believe that Murrell and 
these men tell the truth? If not, why 
not? Rev. L. N. Stratton, D. D. 

Chicago, 111. 


Installation Charge to Grand Master. 


"Let me congratulate you, Right Wor- 
shipful Sir, on the honor of being raised 
from the level of equality, to the high sta- 
tion of presiding over the lodges of the 
State of and the Masonic juris- 
diction thereof. We look up to a brother 
endeared to us by fraternal love and sanc- 
tified by the experience of many revolv- 
ing years. May the Father of light, life 
and love, invest you with his choicest 
gifts. May heavenly wisdom illumine 
your mind — heavenly power give you 
strength — heavenly goodness enlarge and 
fill your breast — your feet rest on the 
rock of justice— from your hands flow 
continually streams of beneficence — round 
your head bend a circle made splendid by 
rays of honor; and late in life be trans- 
mitted from an earthly lodge to man- 
sions prepared for the faithful (Masons) 
in a better world. 

"Let me congratulate you, Right Wor- 
shipful Grand Officers, and our brethren, 
on the election of their Grand Master. 
According to the rules of our institution, 
it is his to command, and ours with read- 
iness to obey. Behold the Sun ! Around 
it revolve the planetary worlds in con- 
tinual order. Learn to imitate them in 
their regularity, in hope of obtaining 
from Solomon's Chair, light, wisdom, 
and the warmth of love. Behold those 
Sister Spirits, Cherubim and Seraphim ! 
They burn with heat (Masonic) in their 

service to their Grand Master— with love 
to his person and each other. Of them 
let us learn to raise our affections to the 
Great Father — expand the heart from 
brother to brother, and all mankind, 
Learn of them never to grow weary in 
well-doing — mourn with them that 
mourn — rejoice with them that rejoice; 
until having finished our work on earth, 
we shall be admitted to that Temple 
above not made with hands, eternal in 
the heavens." Thus read pages 300 
and 301, Ancient Constitutions of Free 
Masonry, Moore's Craftsman and Free 
Mason's Guide. 

Upon which quotation I remark, that 
as a theological, philosophical, scientific, 
literary and ethical production, it is just 
wonderful. I am fascinated by it. I 
have a mind to take the thing apart. Let 
me see. The package is labeled, "Instal- 
lation Charge to a Grand Master." Jesus 
commanded, "be ye not called master, 
for one is your Master, even Christ." 
Here disobedience to the command of 
Christ makes the Masonic transgressor 
honorable in the estimation of Masonry. 
The charge informs us that it is the pre- 
rogative of this Master "to command, 
and the duty of ours to with readiness 
obey." This despot can command in all 
the lodges of the State, over which he has 
jurisdiction, that the name of Jesus Christ 
shall be ignored in lodge-prayers, "and 
it is ours to readily obey." 

Masonry as an institution has no use 
in its ritual worship for any of the God 
ordained offices of the Son of God. Its 
worship is will-worship, which Paul tells 
us, "indeed have a show of wisdom after 
the doctrines and commandments of 
men that are to perish with using." In 
matters of religion and worship, it is the 
prerogative of Christ to command and 
our duty with readiness to obey Him. 
Here, and in many other conditions, 
Christless Free Masonry transfers the 
right to command from the hands of the 
Christ to the Grand Master, and obedi- 
ence to this transgressor and usurper of 
authority is deemed a Masonic virtue, as 
will appear later on. This charge informs 
us that "sanctification comes through the 
experience of many revolving years." 
Jesus told his disciples in his prayer, 
"Father, sanctify them through thy truth. 

October, 1902. 



Thy word is truth." Masonry in this 
charge says "the experience of my re- 
volving years confers sanctification." Ma- 
sonry in all its worship continually coun- 
terworks that which is divinely ordained. 
I am not sure whether the charger in this 
Masonic farrago is praying for the 
chargee or pronouncing a benediction on 
his soul. At all events it is evident that 
the subject of his regards is in deep moral 
and mental poverty, for he asks his god 
to "invest him with the choicest blessings 
of heaven ; wisdom, heavenly power, 
heavenly goodness, enlargement of 
the breast, rest on the rock of jus- 
tice, hands streaming with benefi- 
cence, head haloed, long life, and trans- 
mission from lodge below to the better 
world." But it is the Chair of Solomon 
in this Charge that demands attention. 
Wonderful Chair ! 

As Free Masonry is changeless, I am 
wondering how Grand Master Enoch 
could have been seated in that chair cen- 
turies and centuries before it was manu- 
factured. Got to have it, you know. Fof 
the Charge enjoins that Masons should 
"revolve around it as do the planets 
around the SUN ; in hope of obtaining 
from it light, wisdom and the warmth of 
love." Wonderful source from which to 
derive divine gifts ! The Charge starts 
in with the prayer that these gifts be con- 
ferred on the G. M. by the Father ; but 
more than intimates that the same can 
be obtained by the brethren while rota- 
ting around the Wonderful Chair. 

"Warmth of love" from that chair sug- 
gests the possibility of transmission of 
parental qualities; for the record tells us 
"Solomon loved many strange women, 
and clave to them in love and they turned 
his heart after other gods." Nothing very 
cool in loving "seven hundred wives and 
three hundred concubines." How that 
old chair must have sizzled. If I were a 
Mason I would be proud of that old relic. 
Masonry is full of surprises ; not the least 
of which is its discovery of the gender of 
Cherubim and Seraphim, for the Charge 
calls them "Sisters", and informs us that 
they "burn with love in the service of, 
and to the person of their Grand Mas- 
ter." Well, this is wonderful ! A lodge 
of Cherubic and Seraphic sisters in heav- 
en, presided over by a Grand Master ! 
But it is a Masonic fact, for the Charge 

exhorts Masons to "learri of them how 
to elevate the affections, and expand the 
heart from brother to brother and all 
mankind." (Nineteen-twentieths of the 
latter Masonry by law excludes from its 
lodges.) "Learn" — from these Sisters — 
"to mourn with those that mourn, and 
rejoice with those who rejoice." There 
you have it. Now, who dare say that 
there are no Eastern Star Sisters in heav- 
en, and that they do not "mourn with 
them that mourn?" The order of the 
meeting will now change, and "the con- 
gregation will sing without lining:" 
"HAIL MASONRY divine, glory of the 
ages shine. Hiram the Architect, did all 
the Craft direct. Solomon, Israel's king, 
did mighty blessings bring, and left us 
room to sing, Hail Royal Art." "Meet- 
in' is dismissed." 


This is a secret fraternal insurance or- 
der, organized in 1890. Among its chief 
promoters was J. Cullen Root, the in- 
ventor of the Modern Woodmen of 
America. 'The system and the growth 
shown are credited to J. Cullen Root, a 
thirty-two degree Scottish Rite Free- 
mason, a member of the Independent Or- 
der of Oddfellows, of the Knights of 
Pythias, of the Ancient Order of United 
Workmen and the Iowa Legion of Hon- 
or, and founder of the Modern Woodmen 
of America." The prevailing idea in the 
founding of this order was "to parallel 
efforts of earlier secret societies to 
utilize in ceremonials, customs and im- 
plements employed in some of the primi- 
tive occupations of mankind. The 
Woodmen of the World insures the life 
of members between the ages of sixteen 
and fifty-two years. Only white 
men are eligible to membership, and 
there are no restrictions as to religious 
creed or political conviction. Only one 
degree, known as the Protection Degree, 
is obligatory. Additional degrees, Morn- 
ing, Noon and Night, are furnished to 
camps desiring to elaborate fraternal 
work. .The female branches are called 
Woodmen's Circles. Circles meet in 
Groves, which are governed by a Su- 
preme Forest, subject to the approval of 
the male order. Sovereign Camp of the 
Woodmen of the World. 



October, 1902. 




PRICE.— Per year, in advance, $1.00; three months, on 
trial, twenty-five cents; single copies, 10 cents. 

DISCONTINUANCES. — We find that a large number 
of our subscribers prefer not to toave their sub- 
scriptions interrupted and their files broken in 
case they fail to remit before expiration. It is 
therefore assumed, unless notification to discon- 
tinue is received, that the subscriber wishes no 
interruption in his series. Notification to dis- 
continue at expiration can be sent in at any 
time during the year. 

PRESENTATION COPIES.— Many persons subscribe 
to friends. In such cases, if we are advised that 
a subscription is a present and not regularly 
authorized by the recipient, we will make a 
memorandum to discontinue at expiration, and 
to send no bill for the ensuing year. 

Address all letters pertaining to the 
Christian Cynosure, or to the interests of 
the National Christian Association, to 
the general secretary and treasurer, 
Wm. I. Phillips, 221 West Madison 
Street, Chicago, III. 


What is Cheat Insurance. 

Those who reject secret societies on 
principle have already condemned frater- 
nal insurance on other than business 
grounds. But many others are not thus 
restrained from yielding to the allurement 
of supposed cheapness. These need to 
be shown that, as a business, fraternal in- 
surance is comparatively unprofitable, not 
alone because its risks and other disad- 
vantages are great, but also because it 
fails to balance the cheapness of its qual- 
ity by compensating cheapness of cost. 

It is not from rate tables alone that data 
for this comparison must be obtained. 
Old line premiums actually paid are often 
much less than the printed rate, while 
additions to old line policies frequently' 
offset a large part of the cost. Opposite 
conditions appear in fraternal insurance 
when premiums grow or death benefits 
shrink. Result is what indicates cost. 

For example : Among payments lately 
made by the old line Mutual Life of New 
York were twenty-five on policies nomi- 
nally aggregating 93,000 dollars. Ac- 
tual gross payment was 170,520 dollars. 
The difference of 77,520 dollars was a 
virtual savings bank product on depos- 
ited premiums. In the recent settlement 
of these twenty-five policies, beneficiaries 
have received back $107,781.53 more than 
the insured deposited. Obviously the rate 
tables had not indicated the actual cost, 
which, in result, was reduced by this large 

In the month ending June 28, 1902, the 
company paid 349 death claims. To say 
nothing of reductions on premiums, it 
added to the 349 policies an excess value 
of $82,662. Return exceeded actual pre- 
mium deposit by $784,525. 

In the year 1901, death claims alone 
paid by this company, amounted to $16,- 
084,121. The per cent of profit to depos- 
itors had averaged on these claims seven 
and eight-tenths per annum. From a 
large and productive surplus and reserve, 
dividends overflow into policies. 

Separate cases also show how depend- 
ent comparison must be on final results. 
The Northwestern issued Policy No. 
54149, in 1870, at a premium rate of 
$16.09 P er $1,000, but in 1880 net cost 
had shrunk to $10.09; m I ^9° to $94°, 
and in 1900 to $8.55 instead of $16.09; 
the annual dividend having grown until 
in 1900 it was $7.54 per $1,000, or almost 
half the premium. 

The same company issued Policy No. 
55915 in 1870 at a premium rate of 
$19.11. In 1900 the insured paid $9.64 — 
hardly more than half. In a fraternal as- 
sociation, in the course of twenty years, 
payment might not unlikely have doubled. 

Policy No. 134936 cost in 1885 at the 
rate of $38.46; in 1900, $24.47, a differ- 
ence of $13.99. 

Policy No. 71490, issued in 1873, cost, 
nominally, $23.33 P el " $1,000, but by 1900 
payment had shrunk to $12.18, a reduc- 
tion of $11.15, or nearly one-half. 

In 1857 the Mutual Benefit of New 
Jersey, another well-known old line com- 
pany issued a policy at the premium rate 
of $18.20, but during forty years pay- 
ments averaged $8,215, or less than half. 
For several years they were between 
$6.50 and $7. One year the payment was 

October, 1902. 



$4.55, another $2.18. Once it was noth- 

In 1848 the State Mutual of Worcester, 
Mass., issued Policy No. 1634 at a pre- 
mium rate of $17.28. Proof of death be- 
ing filed early in 1902, payment was made 
the same day. Actual payments had av- 
eraged slightly over $8,645, almost ex- 
actly one-half. Additions to the claim 
reduced actual cost still further, making 
net cost really average a trifle less than 

To match this, a fraternal society would 
have needed to maintain existence more 
than half a century, keep the death claim 
up to full value, and keep annual pay- 
ments down to $5.12, or monthly assess- 
ments to a little less than 43 cents. 

Results here cited are neither best nor 
worst. Cost is not always so low and not 
always so high. $5.12 is far from the 
cheapest known. But these few cases il- 
lustrate the larger warrant for saying, 
inasmuch as insurance in standard old 
dine mutuals never costs for long, and in 
net result, what would be inferred from 
rate tables, that no one can use those ta- 
bles alone to determine what kind of in- 
surance will cost him least. 

As little can be learned from fraternal 
rate tables, for variations appear as in old 
line, though against instead of in favor of 
the insured. Old line costs below nomi- 
nal rates, fraternal above. Wildest varie- 
ty of impossible rates is one of the 
marked features of fraternal insurance. 
For example, different societies will be 
found offering at age 30 all sorts of rates 
from 25 cents up through 35, 40, 50, and 
so on. 

Now, if 25 cents is enough, $1.40 is far 
too much; if $1.40 is no more than 
enough, 25 cents is so little that claims 
for $1,000 will at length begin to be set- 
tled for a few hundred, if the society suc- 
ceeds a while in outliving many of the in- 
sured. The truth is that neither rate will 
bring the anticipated result after a lim- 
ited time. 

There is one fraternal society which 
claims to insure at the lowest net cost 
compatible with fulfillment of hopes. An 
epidemic might give it a bad year, but, on 
the whole, competent actuaries regard its 
tables as reasonably safe and far superior 
to those more often encountered in frater- 
nal insurance schemes. Its lowest rate, 

at age 21, is $14.72; at 31 the rate is 
$18.79; at 41, $25.62; at 51, $37.97, and 
at 60, $58.27. This society can no doubt 
pay most of its policies in full, yet, com- 
pared with the old line rates, $8,645, 
$8,215 and $5.12, $14.72 is not cheap. 

In 1886 the pioneer American fraternal 
insurance order, the A. O. U. W., asked 
for a conference of orders at Washington, 
and the National Fraternal Congress was 
formed. Starting with less, it comprised 
in 1900 almost fifty fraternal societies, or 
about one in six of approximately 300 in 
the country that insure life. The repre- 
sentatives of one-sixth of the orders con- 
stitute a body worth listening to when it 
pronounces on such matters as fraternal 
experience and conditions, at tke point of 
premium rate or net cost. 

This National Fraternal Congress has 
prepared a table, which, for some years, 
it has been advising fraternal societies to 
adopt. The lowest rate, at age 21, is 
$10.62, which is more than double $5.12 
cited as higher than the lowest actual old 
line rate. This large body of representa- 
tive fraternal insurance men thinks $17.24 
the lowest rate at age 36 that is safe to 
accept. At 46 it advises $25.81; at 51, 
$32.39; at 56, $41.41 ; and at 60, $51.13. 
Representing the deliberate and persist- 
ent opinion of the National Fraternal 
Congress, organized at the instance of the 
oldest order of its kind in America, this 
is a judgment which it would be venture- 
some to contradict. 

If, then, in the judgment of expert fra- 
ternal insurers, a final net cost cheaper 
than $10.62, for one insured at the ear- 
liest age and lowest rate, is not to be ex- 
pected, and if as good a result is common 
in old line, and a better one not uncom- 
mon, it becomes obvious that the various 
disadvantages inherent in the fraternal 
kind are not to be confidently incurred in 
the hope that they will be offset by rela- 
tive cheapness. Fraternal insurance, 
though cheap in quality, is not always 
cheap in cost. 

Fortunately, the best things in life are 
not purchasable; they would not be the 
best things if they were. — Musings by 
Camp-fire and Wayside. 

"By it Christ is dethroned and Satan 
exalted."— Rev. Edward Beecher, D. D. 



October, 1902. 


The Chicago Masonic Temple is twen- 
ty-two stories high. It contains some 
lodge rooms, a theater, a roof garden, and 
several hundred offices. It is a fine build- 
ing, and cost three and a half millions of 
dollars. A population of more than a 
thousand people ascend like eagles to their 
eyries every week day, and after they have 
left every night the Temple watchmen 
within and police without keep the rats 
down and hold the burglars out. Grimy 
stevedores are shoveling coal into its fur- 
naces in the basement, and elevator boys 
are making flying races up and down a 
dozen chutes continually during office 
hours, carrying from ten to fifteen thou- 
sand people daily, who "come to town." 
Such a building brings high rentals, and 
its large revenues must be taxed. 

Whatever has been done in the past 
years to work off bogus tax receipts, or 
dodge the city and State governments, is 
now a hopeless speculation. A special 
grand jury has been impaneled to in- 
vestigate "a sample of the real thing" "of 
this year's make." "It's fresh." One of 
the temple agents, Luke Wheeler by 
name, has been away taking an autumn 
vacation in Canada, where the heat of the 
city and State officials' investigations 
would not sunburn him. His attorney, 
Miles J. Devine, one of Chicago's ablest 
lawyers, has kept within touch of Wheel- 
er most of the time of his absence. 

Now it occurs that Luke Wheeler has 
been returned, and is out on a large bail. 
He refuses to reveal how the taxes were 
paid by a note which he says is genuine, 
and the payment of the note is thereon 
endorsed, and stamped with the county 
seal. Now it is stoutly alleged that this 
note is a fraud, that its signature is a 
forgery, and its seal of the county 
treasurer is bogus. The County Treas- 
urer, who is nominated on the Republican 
ticket for Congress, has his feelings hurt 
by the open declaration that the County 
Treasurer's office is to be invaded and the 
whole truth is to be told about who paid 
the taxes, and who receipted for the same, 
and where they put the money. 

All around these points much swearing, 
official and unofficial, is being done nowa- 

days. The Masonic Temple was adver- 
tised to be sold the 16th of September for 
taxes. The sum required which remained 
unpaid was $26,770.26. Attorney Shep- 
herd proposed that the Masonic Temple 
Association deposit with the court the 
amount of the taxes until the case was 

Attorney Thornton said "this would be 
an outrage. This matter need not be set- 
tled in a day or a week. We want a 
chance to get all the employes of the 
County Treasurer's office before a Master 
in Chancery. We demand a thorough in- 
vestigation. If such a condition of rot- 
tenness exists in the County Treasurer's 
office as will result in the indictment of 
the man who presents a receipt taken over 
the counter in the regular way, for cash, 
we want to know it, and we want the pub- 
lic to know it, and we want no investiga- 
tion behind closed doors. 

Judge Dunne then decided to issue an 
order to stay the sale of the Masonic 
Temple until it is shown that the taxes 
have not been paid. 

"Because of much swearing the land 
mourneth " is as much a fact to-dav as it 
was in the time of ancient Israel. The 
people are becoming hardened by fre- 
quent investigations turning into mock- 
eries of trial, and the public eyesight is 
becoming deranged by the glare of much 
whitewash. "Thy terribleness hath de- 
.ceived thee, and the pride of thine heart. 
O thou that dwellest in the clefts of the 
rocks, that holdest the height of the hill ; 
though thou shouldst make thy nest as 
high as the eagle, I will bring thee down 
from thence saith the Lord of hosts" ( Jer. 
69: 16). 



The lodge that caused the intervention 
of foreign governments in China, after 
the Boxers had paralyzed business, de- 
stroyed immense properties and mur- 
dered many hundreds, has broken loose 
again. The same kind of scenes are be- 
ing re-enacted, but now the Chinese of- 
ficials seem to be on the right side and 
endeavoring to exterminate rather than 
trying to promulgate the Boxer move- 

October, 1902. 




The Voice Review quotes some one, 
whom it calls "A bitter enemy of Free- 
masonry," as saying in opposition to the 
incorporation of a Masonic Hall Associa- 
tion, "The American citizen ought not to 
remain quiet so long as that secret power 
retains a charter;" and "The District of 
Columbia ought never to be desecrated by 
the legal existence of an institution so 
perfectly out of accord with the institu- 
tions of the country." 

The Review retorts that "Anti-Mason- 
ry is 'out of accord' with Holiness to the 
Lord ; out of accord with truth and right- 
eousness ; out of accord with the real 
rights of humanity, and is black with 
crime ; black with oppression, persecution, 
inquisition and murder." 

Our breath is almost taken away, but 
we have just enough left to plead — Not 
guiity. No, it is not we who have mur- 
dered Masons, it is Masonry itself which 
has done that. How can anti-Masonry be 
"out of accord with truth," when the very 
point of objection is, that it tells truth 
that Masons are sworn not to tell, or are 
unwilling to have told? Whatever anti- 
Masonry these fierce charges may be 
aimed at, they pass harmlessly over the 
office of the Cynosure and explode far be- 


It has recently been asserted by a 
prominent Masonic journal that "Protest- 
antism, with all its attendant benefits, is 
an outgrowth of Freemasonry. As any- 
thing more than a trades union, or as a 
religious or anti-religious force, Freema- 
sonry cuts little figure in history before 
the eighteenth century, while Protest- 
antism appears in full revolutionary activ- 
ity in the sixteenth century. It is not 
easy to see how anything can be an out- 
growth of what it precedes by 200 years. 

In 1 5 17, Luther nailed his theses to the 
Wittenberg church door; in 171 7, two 
hundred years later, at Apple Tree Tav- 
ern in London, was formed the first Ma- 
sonic Grand Lodge. Neither of these his- 
toric facts is a secret, and neither is dis- 

If, again, refuge is taken in the plea 

that there were Masonic lodges before 
the first Grand Lodge, it still needs to be 
shown that they were, in any real degree, 
politically or socially influential, even in 
England, before Grand Lodge and specu- 
lative Masonry came there into being. 
When speculative Masonry began, and 
Masonry passed from the trade union in- 
to the Grand Lodge stage, it found Prot- 
estantism already two centuries old. 

In ordinary history, things are not the 
outcome of others that follow them after 
a long interval, but of course Masonic 
history is different. It needs no proving. 
Nothing is requisite but assertion. Lest 
we seem disturbers of the peace, we has- 
ten to subscribe to this item of history 
Masonically supplied, and agree that the 
Protestantism of the sixteenth century 
flowed — backward — out of the Freema- 
sonry of the eighteenth. 


Knights of Kadosh, or Knight o'f the Black 


In the thirtieth degree, Elect Knight 
Kadosh or Knight of the White and 
Black Eagle, the candidate is introduced 
with eyes uncovered, dressed in a gray 
tunic, with poniard suspended from the 
sword belt. The Thrice Puissant Grand 
Master, with his hat over his eyes, makes 
candidate sit on a stool opposite the 
mausoleum, above which is a coffin, con- 
taining a Knight wrapped in a white 
shroud, his face veiled. On the platform 
of the mausoleum are three skulls. After 
a long time the Knight in the coffin sits 
up and asks the wish of the candidate, 
who, as instructed, replies, "I wish to 

After a continuance of horrid dialogue, 
the candidate repeats the first oath, 
Knights of Kadosh. 

1st. Never to reveal the mysteries of 
the Knights Kadosh. 

2d. To obey all the rules and regula- 
tions of the order. 

3d. To punish crime and to protect in- 

Under orders from the Thrice Puissant 
Grand Master, he then stabs the skull 
crowned with a Tiara and says : 

"Down with imposture, down with 

Passing- to the second skull crowned 



October, 1902. 

with laurel, he kneels with the Thrice 
Puissant Grand Master and repeats : 

"Everlasting glory to the immortal 
martyr of virtue." 

May his death be a lesson to us. Let 
us unite to crush tyranny and impost- 

The Thrice Puissant Grand Master, or- 
dering the candidate to do the same, 
passes on to the skull surmounted with 
a regal crown, and stabs it, saying: 
"Down with tyranny ! Down with 
crime !" 

Candidate, as ordered, then reads in- 
scription in flame colored letters on 
transparency in the west end of the apart- 
ment : 

"Whoever shall overcome the dread 
of death, shall emerge from the bosom 
of the earth, and have a right to be ini- 
tiated into the greater mysteries." 

The Thrice Puissant tells candidate 
that they have no more to do with sym- 
bols. It is now reality which they have 
to deal with. Their statutes, he tells the 
candidate, are dreadful. That he can 
easily understand the importance of se- 
crecy, if he has discovered the object they 
have in view, the end at which they aim. 
"You may still retire," he tells the candi- 
date, "but one step more and you are 
bound to us forever, and at the peril of 
vour life." 

After a little silence, the candidate 
tells the Thrice Puissant that he has de- 
cided to proceed. He is seized by the 
arm by the Grand Marshal with his hat 
over his eyes and sword erect, who tells 
the candidate : "Your rashness is great ! 
You wish to proceed? Your doom is 
sealed! Punishment awaits you!" and 
hurries him into a second apartment, 
dimly lighted. The presiding officer, 
here called Grand Pontiff, clothed in a 
long white robe, wearing a long white 
beard, with veiled face, his head crown- 
ed with oak leaves, asks in a calm voice, 
"What does that man wish ?" The Mar- 
shal replies that he goes in quest of 
truth. After further remarks from sev- 
eral officers, in which the thought that 
all forms of religion are superstition is 
expressed, the candidate is required to 
kneel and repeat the 

Second Oath, Knights Kadosh. 

ist. To devote himself to the emanci- 
pation of humanity. 

2d. To practice toleration in political 
and religious matters especially. 

3d. To strive unceasingly for the hap- 
piness of his fellow beings. 

4th. For the propagation of light. 

5th. For the overthrow of supersti- 
tion, fanaticism, imposture and intoler- 

6th. To help his brethren, even at the 
peril of his life, if persecuted for their 
religion, for the cause of liberty, or as 
members of the higher Masonic bodies. 

Candidate rises and throws incense ifi 
fire burning on altar of perfumes. After 
a prayer, taken into a third apartment, 
before a Sovereign Grand Judge, candi- 
date, wearing a black veil, kneels ; votes 
are collected, one found against candi- 
date, given the voter says, because the 
candidate entertains . anti-Masonic opin- 
ions. He is required to give in writing 
a profession of his faith, and the Judge, 
with his associates, pronounce him 
worthy of proceeding in the degree. He 
ijfi then required to kneel and take with 
a sword at his heart the 

Third Oath, Knight Kadosh. 

ist. To keep the secrets of Knight 
Kadosh degree. 

2d. To obey the statutes of the order. 

3d. To protect innocence. 

4th. To punish crime. 

5th. To help all in distress. 

6th. To do all in his power to crush 

7th. To do all possible to defend the 

8th. To regard Knights of Kadosh as 
blood relations. 

9th. Never to challenge a Knight 
Kadosh to mortal combat, without the 
advice of at least two Knights JCadosh, 
if in a place where no Council exists. 

10th. Never to< slander a Knight Kad- 
osh, under penalty of Undergoing the 
sentence of the dread tribunal which he 
acknowledges as his Supreme Judge. All 
these promises are made under penalty 
of death. 

The Sovereign Grand Judge causes 
candidate to kiss the cresslet of his sword 
which he brandishes three times, ex- 
claiming, "Justice ! Justice ! Justice !'• 
He then breaks his rod and throws the 
fragments at the feet of the candidate, 
who is returned to the first apartment, 
there to await the order to reappear. In 

October, 1902. 



the fourth apartment the lodge is styled 
Senate. The east is hung with black 
velvet, embroidered with silver and 
strewed with death's heads transpierced 
with a poniard. The other draperies and 
canopy have red as a prevailing color. 
Toward the west appears a large mauso- 
leum shaped like a pyramid. A funeral 
urn is placed upon the platform of the 
mausoleum. It is surrounded by a crown 
of laurel. On the right of the urn is a 
regal crown, on the left a 'popish tiara. 
At the upper angle of the mausoleum is a 
vase which burns the spirits of wine. At 
the right and left of the mausoleum there 
are small pans in which perfumes burn 
and create thick smoke, which renders 
surrounding objects almost invisible. In 
the middle of the west is an altar on 
which are placed a human skull, inlaid 
with silver, a decanter of red wine and 
a loaf of white bread all covered with a 
white cloth, which is removed at a cer- 
tain point in the ceremony. Between the 
east and the altar is a mysterious ladder 
concealed by a black cloth till the mo- 
ment specified in the ritual. On each side 
of the mausoleum, and a little behind, is 
a Knight armed with an ax. Into this 
room the candidate is conducted, and 
caused to climb the ladder, the 
steps of which are represented as 
full of symbolic truth. While at the 
top of it the ladder is suddenly lowered 
and candidate, supported by two Knights, 
finds himself on the floor. With an in- 
vocation to Jacobus Burgundus Molay, 
the candidate kneels and takes the 

Fourth Oath, Knight Kadosh. 

ist. To be faithful to all his former ob- 

2d. To obey the statutes of the Grand 
Elect Knights Kadosh. 

3d. To renew the oath taken as Knight 
Rose Croix. 

4th. To strive to reach the grand, true 
object of a Knight Kadosh. 

5th. To protect innocence and to pun- 
ish crime. 

6th. To devote himself from this day 
forward to the holy cause of humanity. 

7th. To use every means in his power 
to crush tyranny. 

8th. To unmask and confound im- 

9th. To contribute with all his might 

•to the diffusion of light and to the propa- 
gation of liberal ideas. 

10th. To defend the public weal. 

nth. To consider the oppressed as 

12th. To consider the oppressors ene- 

13th. To free his fellow beings from 
the disgraceful yoke of tyranny and im- 
posture under which they groan. 

14th. To secure, as much as possible, 
for his brethren, according to their ca- 
pacity and merit, the share to which 
they are legitimately entitled, in the le- 
gal sovereignty of the people, under pen- 
alty of the disgrace and contempt, the 
execration and punishment of the Grand 
Elect Knights Kadosh, if he fails in this 
obligation or passes over to despots and 

They eat bread and drink wine togeth- 
er, then trample upon the crown, bran- 
dish their poniards, and exclaim, "Down 
with tyrants ! May thus roll in the dust 
the crown of every king and potentate." 

The candidate, following the example 
of the Thrice Puissant Grand Master, 
who throws the Tiara on the floor, 
tramples upon it, and all the Knights do 
the same, when all the Knights, bran- 
dishing their poniards, exclaim : "Down 
with imposture." 

The candidate is then dubbed a Knight 
Kadosh, or Knight of the Black and 
White Eagle, and an active member of 
this Council of Kadosh, and invested 
with the signs, tokens and words of the 
degree. He then listens to a long dis- 
course from the Knight of Eloquence. 
Remarks for the good of the order are 
made, a collection is taken and the de- 
gree is closed according to a prescribed 

The candidate tramples upon Kings* 
crowns and Popes' tiaras, while, with ob- 
ligations and penalties unequaled by any 
such power, the candidate has bound 
himself to servile imposture and tyranny. 
It quotes with approbation Christ's com- 
mand, "Call no man master," while they 
exhaust the superlatives in trying to 
make intense the title. Metaphorically 
speaking, they break one's jaws in their 
pronunciation and one's head in the con- 
templation of them. 

The degree professes to be the very 



October, 1902. 

apex of perfection, and yet takes every 
possible means to conceal it from women 
and almost all the human race. 

It uses the most solemn events of life 
and brings to its aid pretended corpses 
in coffins, administers the cup of devils 
(I. Cor. 10: 21 ), a counterfeit of the 
Lord's Supper. 

It quotes love to God and to man as 
obligatory, yet says, "The slightest indis- 
cretion will cost you your life." Look 
through the degree for yourself as, 
often accompanied by music, it runs up 
and down the scale from "hyperbolic 
pleasantry" to hyperbolic deviltry; we 
pray for the human race. 

"O my soul, come not thou into their 
secret; unto their assembly, mine honor, 
be not thou united." 

(To be continued.) 

letw of ©ur Poti 



The Masonic Review for July editorial- 
ly discounts what it speaks of as "so- 
called higher degrees." It seriously ques- 
tions "whether some of them ought to b.e 
considered useful or beneficial, or even 
worthy of the name of degrees." It 
"would not recommend any brother to 
even think of taking the degrees of the 
Rite of Mizraim, of the Rite of Memphis, 
or of the Swedenborgian Rite." 

It claims to have reason to believe "all 
these useless and but little better than 
frauds." Quite likely. 

It accounts for the constant complaint 
of lack of interest in the Blue Lodge com- 
prising the ordinary degrees, partly by 
the desire of many to be considered high 
Masons. In the opinion of the editor, 
ignorance of Masonry rather than knowl- 
edge, results from rushing through de- 
gree after degree, thoughtlessly passing 
through numerous forms and ceremonies. 
Beyond the American — "improperly 
called the York rite" — and the Scottish 
rite degrees, the Masonic Review com- 
mends none and condemns many. Two 
score or so ought to furnish quite a range 
in which to search after mysterious light, 
and there seems little reason to dispute 
that darkness lies bey on d- 

The heart that is to be filled to the 
brim with holy joy must be held still. — 

Willimantic, Conn., Aug. 19, 1902. 
Dear Bro. Phillips : 

The past two months have been very 
busy ones with me in the New England 
field. Results appearing from past la- 
bors have been very gratifying in an in- 
creasing number of instances. Not all, 
but some of the seed sown, has taken root 
and is bearing fruit. 

At Douglas, Mass., the attendance was 
much larger than last year. During the 
three days of my stay Rev. B. Carradine, 
D. D., preached more frequently than any 
other one, and spoke always with' energy 
and power. Revs. Fowler and Short were 
able, logical, effective ministers, whose 
sermons could not fail to make deep and 
lasting impressions. Bro. Geo. Morse 
was able to attend only occasionally, 
but he showed no lack of old-time fervor 
and zeal in the testimonies he gave. If 
the lodge was spoken of from the plat- 
form, I did not hear it, but my work 
among the people was privately endorsed 
and encouraged. 

The meetings at Portsmouth, R. I., 
were of a most remarkable and enthusias- 
tic type. I regret that I did not keep a 
record, but it is within the limit to say 
that I conversed with twenty-five persons 
who had been delivered from fhe bondage 
of one or more secret lodges. There was 
a freedom on the platform and in the au- 
dience not met with elsewhere, and vig- 
orous charges were made in front and 
reaf upon the flinty ramparts of Satan's 
secret empire. There was no hesitation 
or fear of consequences or attempts to de- 
prive the unitiated of the benefit of what 
light they had by putting it under a bush- 
el. One young man seemed especially 
glad to meet a man of whom he said he 
had heard much. He had himself been 
recently mobbed for denouncing the se- 
cret orders in a Southern state. Bros. 
Seth C. Reese, John Pennington and 
Frank M. Messenger were leaders in con- 
gregations numbering,T should judge, 
from four thousand down. 

My program was to reach Northfield 
on Wednesday, the 5th, but on arriving 

October, 1902. 



at Boston I found Rev. J. W. Fifield 
quite ill at our home, and remained to 
care for him as best I could until it was 
de'emed best that he should go to a hos- 
pital where he could receive better atten- 

On Thursday, the 12th, I joined a small 
but devout company at Goshen Park, 
where rest the remains of dear Bro. H. L. 
Hastings, and where his devoted wife and 
children are striving assiduously to carry 
on the work he planned and commenced 
before he received the summons, "It is 
enough, come up higher." The rude be- 
ginning of a great enterprise he had in 
mind is struggling for expression in the 
face of great difficulties. A few substan- 
tial buildings have been erected, and all 
who came were sheltered and bountifully 
fed. Mrs. Hastings and her son John 
were in charge, and to their prayers and 
labors the success of this convention is 
very largely to be attributed. Brother 
and Sister Woodruff, Dr. A. H. Plumb, 
Bro. Perkins and Bro. Noteno were in la- 
bors abundant and I added my mite to 
help on the good work. Before I left on 
Friday at noon, twenty-three persons had 
publicly acknowledged Christ as their Sa- 
vior and Lord. 

Northfield, though perhaps not the 
largest, was very unlike to any gathering 
I had previously attended. Arriving at 
the Marquond, I was greeted with ex- 
pressions like these : "I have been looking 
for you." "I have the literature you gave 
me in my study, and I have had occasion 
to refer to it for facts several times dur- 
ing the year," etc. Some had questions 
to ask and others difficulties they wanted 
explained, and others incidents to relate. 
One man said, "You asked me last year 
this question, 'My brother, can you af- 
ford to meet Christ in the judgment with 
the responsibility of another man's sins 
added to your own?' I have thought of 
that many times, and my Templar's uni- 
form and sword have not been worn for a 
long time." And he added, "Any man 
who says that Masonry is not correctly 
published and exposed, is either an ignor- 
ant or a wilful liar." 

Another man said, "We have a nice 
young man for our pastor who would be 
a good man if he dared to. I saw that 
great pressure was brought to bear to 

force him to join the Masons. We talked 
the matter over and I know he was op- 
posed to taking the step. But the secret 
orders are very strong in our town and 
church. One evening I missed a promi- 
nent lodge man and church member from 
the prayer meeting. Our pastor went out 
quickly at the close of the services, and 
the thought struck me that he was going 
to join the lodge. Walking after him I 
saw him joined by the man I had missed 
at the prayer meeting, and together they 
ascended the steps and disappeared in the 
lodge room." And now comes the practi- 
cal part of his narrative. "I called on the 
treasurer of our church and ordered my 
subscription canceled. I was asked why 
I did this and was told what I already 
knew, that funds were very much needed, 
etc. I said, T think I can make better 
use of my money, and, besides, it is entire- 
ly unnecessary. Our pastor joined the 
lodge, and they profess to take care of 
their members, and I for one propose to 
let them do it.' " 

He purposes to have his town supplied 
with tracts that preach a gospel of sep- 
aration and give good reasons why Chris- 
tians at least should have no fellowship 
with the unfruitful works of darkness. 

I was more than ever impressed with 
the importance of doing all that can be 
judiciously done at Northfield each year. 
The preaching to which I listened was of 
the very ablest, by Dr. Dixon, Dr. Meyer 
and Dr. Morgan. Of these and other 
features of this great conference there 
will be ample reports and I find much 
comfort in the fact that during my stay of 
two days I contributed about 12,000 
pages of anti-lodge and pro-Christian lit- 
erature towards the furtherance of a gos- 
pel of separation from the unfruitful 
works of darkness and that these leaflets 
will be carried to many distant and needy 
fields in this sin-cursed earth. 

I reached the camp here last evening 
and obtained an interview with the Pre- 
siding Elder in charge this morning, who 
assures me of his sympathy and that he 
will lay the matter before the camp meet- 
ing committee and apprise me of their 
decisiqn in due time. Meanwhile I go to 
Mystic, Conn., to speak at a National 
Peace meeting to-morrow. 

Beloved everywhere, pray that the 



October, 1902. 

word of the Lord may have free course 
and His work be thoroughly done in New 
England. Your brother in Christ, 

James P. Stoddard. 


Rev. O. T. Lee, of Northwood, Iowa, 
addressed a small, but appreciative audi- 
ence at Twin Lakes, Minn., on Secret So- 
cieties in general and the Modern Wood- 
men of America in particular. Rev. O. A. 
Sauer is the pastor of the church in this 
place, but he resides in Glenville. The 
Woodmen were expected to turn out in 
full force, but they were conspicuous by 
their absence. Perhaps they thought it 
might get too hot for them. Lodge men 
find the Lutheran congregations, as a 
rule, hard fields to work in. 


Rev. F. J. Davidson, of 2731 2d street, 
New Orleans, has delivered lectures re- 
cently at Madisonville, Covington, Man- 
deville, Alma, Suddsville, Independence, 
Hammond and Ponchatonla, Louisiana ; 
and Lumberton, Popkorville, and Youngs 
Station, Miss. In all of the above places 
he found secretism very strongly in- 
trenched, but he was accorded a respect- 
ful hearing in each place, and found hun- 
dreds ready to hear the truth, though few 
bold enough to face the results of a 
preaching of the whole truth. He found 
the lodge active in proselyting not only 
every young man and woman, but busily 
engaged in organizing boys' and girls' 

In conversation with a prominent min- 
ister he was told : "Yes, I know they are 
wrong, and true Christians ought not to 
be connected with these orders. Their 
oaths and obligations are simply horri- 
ble, but if a man does not belong to them, 
he cannot get any kind of following in his 
church. I am in the thing for my bread 
and butter." What a position for a min- 
ister of the Lord Jesus, who practically 
declares that though God fed the Israel- 
ites in the wilderness, to-day he cannot 
supply bread and butter to his ministers, 
except they bow down and worship Baal. 

Cannot we secure the $90.00 needed by 

Bro. Davidson to enable him to complete 
the work which he has undertaken ? Who 
will contribute to his work? 


Report of the Secretary. 

As previously announced, the confer- 
ence, under the auspices of the National 
Christian Association, began its sessions 
in the Seventh Day Baptist Church at 
Milton Junction, on Monday, September 
22, at 2 o'clock p. m. Rev. W. B. Stod- 
dard, of Washington, was in the chair. 
After the singing of hymns the confer- 
ence was led in prayer by Prof. J. Frank- 
lin Browne of Cummington, Mass. 

The conference listened with delight to 
an address of welcome by the Rev. L. A. 
Platts, D. D., of Milton, Wis. He is an 
excellent and able man, and his words of 
welcome were sincere and hearty, and all 
were certainly made to feel at home. This 
was especially manifest in the kind hospi- 
tality of the Christian homes where we 
stopped ; we did indeed feel that we were 
welcome among the dear brethren of the 
Seventh Day Baptist Church. 

After the address of Dr. Platts, we 
were privileged to listen to a very inter- 
esting and instructive address by Prof. 
J. Franklin Browne, on "The Sources of 
Masonic Education." He also showed 
the methods pursued by the "Ancient Or- 
der" in leading their members on from 
point to point. He enabled every one to 
see how absurd were the pretensions 
made by them, that no one but those ac- 
tually uniting with the lodge could know 
its wonderful secrets. 

With Mackey's and Sickles' Masonic 
Manuals open before us, and with some 
of us reading the various passages which 
he repeated word for word, explaining 
the same, light on the dark system was 
made to shine very clearly. 

We were indeed glad to meet with 
Prof. Browne. By the way, how many 
excellent Christian men and women we 
are privileged to meet in these confer- 
ences of the N. C. A. 

We listened to an able chart talk by 
Secretary W. B. Stoddard, on the degrees 
in the Masonic system. As we listened to 

October, 1902. 



him we were more and more convinced 
of the absurdity of Masonic pretensions 
as to the great secrecy of their craft. 

The evening session of the 22d opened 
with prayer, the singing of hymns and a 
violin solo by Miss Price and a vocal solo 
by Miss Soule. Rev. W. B. Stoddard 
gave the address of the evening, "The 
Masonic and Christian Religions Com- 

The morning session of the 23d was 
opened by prayer by D. W. Hart, and the 
reading and expounding of the 6th chap- 
ter of II. Corinthians. 

The Conference then listened to the 
reading of letters from absent friends. 
This was followed by a question box. An- 
swers were made by Messrs. Frink, Wil- 
liams, Burdick, Mills and others. These 
questions led to considerable discussion, 
after which an adjournment was taken to 
2 o'clock. 

The afternoon session was opened by 
prayer by Rev. Samuel H. Swartz. On 
account of the enforced absence of Secre- 
tary Phillips, Bro. Stoddard gave an ac- 
count of the history and work of the N. 
C. A., after which he gave a very profit- 
able chart talk. Then the committee on 
resolutions reported, and after discussion 
they were adopted as follows : 


Whereas, We are living in an age when 
there is much spiritual declension and con- 
sequent dearth in Christian churches, and 
whereas we believe a cause for this is 
found in the multiplication of organiza- 
tions which take that due to Christ and 
his church. 

Therefore we declare it to be the con- 
viction of this Conference : 

1st. That it is the duty of Christians 
to call attention to both the cause and ef- 
fect of lodges that honest men may be 
guided aright and the church of Christ 
delivered from that which is destroying 
her vital force. 

2d. We find in Freemasonry and. kin- 
dred lodges that which not only blights 
and degrades but also destroys and sup- 
plants the spiritual. 

3d. The degrading ceremonies, the 
profane oaths, the Christless prayers and 
the unhallowed worship found in the Ma- 
sonic and kindred lodges lead their devo- 
tees away from Christ and Christian in- 

4th. We find through lodge associa- 
tions that dancing, intemperance, and the 
like are fostered to the injury of religion 
and morality. 

5th. The high sounding titles, the re- 
galias, the initiations and general dis- 
plays are unbecoming a follower of the 
lowly Nazarene. 

6th. There is no good thing done in 
the lodge or good work accomplished by 
it, that could not be better effected in a 
God-appointed way. 

7th. We find the little lodges, though 
some objectionable features are omitted 
by them, often lead to the larger ones. 
The more good these minor lodges have 
the more deceptive they become. 

8th. Men closely associated naturally 
favor each other. An oath often makes 
them feel more closely bound together. 
Evil-minded men thus bound together 
must be a menace to any people. 

9th. The home can not be what God 
intended while its members are separated 
as by the lodge. 

10th. In the National Christian Asso- 
ciation we find a helper in the great work 
of giving much needed light ;' therefore 
we agree to help further the work of this 
association as God gives ability and 

Saml. H. Swartz, 
L. A. Platts, 
L. Allen, 
J. F. Browne, 
Wm. B. West. 
Letters from the following were re- 
ported to the Conference and read in 

Rev. J. P. Stoddard, Boston ; Rev. H. 
H. Hinman, Oberlin, Ohio; Rev. Wm. I. 
Phillips, Chicago; Rev. F. Haeuser, Por- 
tage, Wis. ; Mrs. Lydia Andrews, Wau- 
pun, Wis. ; Rev. T. P. Robb, Linton, 
Iowa; Rev. J. B. Galloway, Poynette, 
Wis. ; Mrs. Emaline Griffin, Oshkosh, 
Wis. ; Rev. J. F. Boerger, Fall Creek, 
Wis.; Rev. R. O. Brandt, MacFarland, 
Wis. ; G. A. Paddock, Beaver Dam, Wis. ; 
Alfred R. Schultz, Tomah, Wis. ; Wm. 
Kitely, Sharon, Wis. ; Dr. C. A. Freeman, 
Watertown, Wis. ; and Albert Gummer, 
Omro, Wis. 

At the concluding session there was 
the usual devotional .service, followed bv 



October, 1902. 

a solo rendered by Prof. Whiteford, of 
Milton College. 

Dr. S. H. Swartz spoke in his usual 
happy way. His address was listened 
to by the large audience present, with un- 
divided attention. 

Much good has doubtless come to Mil- 
ton Junction and those from a distance 
who attended this Conference. 

D. W. Hart, Secretary. 


Milton Junction, Wis., Sept. 19, 1902. 

Dear Cynosure : Friends will be in- 
terested to know we are still pushing. 
At the camp meeting in Kreider's Grove, 
near Lebanon, Pa., we received the usual 
cordial welcome, and found friends in the 
midst of a stirring meeting. The true 
Gospel ring was heard in the testimonies. 
The happiness of those in Christ was ev- 
erywhere manifest. There was no dispo- 
sition shown to go back on the testimony 
against the lodges. 

Our stay at "the Hub" was short, but 
we succeeded as usual in the work there. 

The New England agent is hard at 
work securing the funds necessary to put 
the work there on a self-supporting 
basis. There are evidently bright days 
ahead for New England. We spoke on 
Sabbath under the auspices of the Evan- 
gelical Alliance on Boston Common. 
Such an audience — Jews and Gentiles, 
Protestant and Catholic, bond and free, 
black and white ! The Lord helped in 
the presentation of truth. Hearts were 
moved, and we separated never to meet 
again this side of eternity. 

A few hours on the train and we were 
again in Chicago, that great center of 
W r estern commerce. We had been pained 
on learning that our General Secretary 
was seriously sick, but were glad to 
find him recovering. We sought to plan 
the work for the Badger State so as to 
accomplish the most possible in the time 
at command. We found some of the "old 
guard" on our entrance into the State at 
Sharon ; and the battles of other years 
and the faces of workers gone to their 
eternal reward were fresh in their minds, 
and they were glad to help what they 
could in the purposed forward move. 

One minister in this town boasts of his 
connection with the Masons, and the 

condition of things generally showed 
great need for work in our line. Tracts 
were freely distributed, and Cynosure 
subscriptions obtained. A lecture was 
given in the Evangelical Church, some 
two miles in the country. A purposed 
second lecture was given up because of a 
driving rain. 

The pastor of this church is a young 
man of much ability. He had felt the 
need of N. C. A. work, but had not 
known of our organization. Space does 
not permit the mention of personal kind- 
nesses as we could wish. At Evansville 
we found the Free Methodist Seminary 
just opening with more than usual prom- 
ise. We addressed the students and oth- 
ers who gathered in the evening in the 
college chapel. There were several ex- 
pressions of approval. Some in Janes- 
ville were glad to hear of N. C. A. work. 

Addresses were given in the Reformed 
Presbyterian, United Presbyterian and 
Free Will Baptist churches, not far from 
Waukesha. These meetings were all 
well attended, all things considered. A 
good Cynosure list, together with many 
expressions of kindness, told of the inter- 
est of this people. Our work was not new 
here. The seed sowing of other years 
was to our profit. The pleasant moon- 
light evenings, together with favorable 
surroundings, made our coming at this 
season especially opportune. 

We found an open door and several 
friends in Waukesha, and have promised 
D. V. to return to lecture Thursday 
evening, September 25th, in the Evan- 
gelical Church. We were sorry to learn 
that a minister of this place had so de- 
graded himself as not only to unite with 
the Masons, but officiate as a Masonic 
brother at the burial services of the saloon 
keepers dying in his neighborhood, also 
serving on the committee which resolved 
that they had gone to their Grand Lodge 

Shame on such a man ! Were 
the people rightly informed they would 
not tolerate his preaching. 

We made hurried stops at Watertown 
and Madison. Our aged friend, Pastor 
J. H. Brockman, author of "Oddfellow- 
ship Judged in the Light of God's 
Word," was found very busy in the work 
of the large congregation to whom he 

October, 1902. 



has given his service for twenty-eight 
years. He, with others in Watertown, re- 
joices in N. C. A. progress. 

At Stoughton we found a large Nor- 
wegian settlement whose native good 
sense warned them to avoid the dark and 
mysterious. Not many had joined the 
lodges. A few had been led astray. The 
Lutheran pastors are seeking to keep 
their churches free. 

We have promised to address a union 
meeting in the M. E. Church there on 
Wednesday evening next. I am to 
preach in the Seventh Day Baptist 
Church here to-morrow. I am told there 
are two hundred members here, mostly 
free from the lodge. 

The conference arranged for Monday 
and Tuesday next is already attracting 
considerable notice. There are many ev- 
idences that God is to make this a bless- 
ing to many. The feeling that the lodges 
are robbing and in a large degree de- 
stroying the usefulness of the churches 
we find is generally entertained by those 
not connected with churches opposed to 
the lodges here. The M. E. pastor, 
though nominally connected with the 
Masons and one other lodge, said he was 
practically in sympathy with us. He 
found it very difficult to have a prayer 
meeting, as he said many of his members 
felt they must attend the lodges. The 
convivial features were especially de- 
plored by him. He thought lodges much 
worse in this particular now than for- 
merly. President Wm. C. Deland, of the 
S. D. B. College here, together with the 
S. D. B. pastor, assure me of their hearty 
sympathy and support. 

A cheering letter comes from Rev. T. 
P. Robb, of Linton, Iowa. He, with oth- 
ers, will do what they can for the con- 
vention out there next month. Shall it 
be at Washington, Iowa, and on the 20th 
and 2 1 st of October? Unless we find 
some good reason to change, this will be 
the plan. 

We start D. V. for Iowa Sept. 29th. 
Friends wishing to reach us through 
mail can either address the Cynosure 
office, or general delivery, Washington, 

Let us never grow weary, friends. The 
battle is not ours, but God's. He per- 
mits us to be His co-workers. Shall we 

not seek to honor our high office by do- 
ing all in our power? 

Yours in the conflict, 

W. B. Stoddard. 


This order is the women's auxiliary ot 
the Knights of the Maccabees. The in- 
dividual lodges are called Hives and its 
chief lodge the Supreme Hive. Women 
between the ages of sixteen and fifty-two, 
socially eligible, are admitted to life ben- 
efit membership after passing a medical 
examination. There is a death benefit of 
$500, $1,000 and $2,000. Its social and 
ritualistic exercises are prominent fea- 


Shelbyville, 111. 
Editor Cynosure : — 

Dear Sir: I am in receipt of a letter 
from a much esteemed friend who is pas- 
tor of a U. B. church in Southern Illi- 
nois, in which he relates the following in- 
cident, which occurred about forty years 
ago in the town of Grandview, Ind. 

When a boy, this friend relates, 
he saw a deserted church building, a 
brick structure costing about $3,000, and 

built by the U. B. people. Mr. was 

impelled through curiosity to ask why 
the building was never used. This is the 
story, as related to him by his mother, 
who is still living: 

The village of Grandview had at that 
time a population of about 300 or 400. 
The church had a strong congregation 
and an eloquent and able pastor, an edu- 
cated man, and a man who was loved by 
his people. The church at that time op- 
posed secret orders, and this pastor was 
very active in his opposition to Masonry, 
preaching and talking against it. In a 
short time stories began to come out to 
the effect that the U. B. pastor was a 
frequent visitor at a house of ill-repute. 
None of his people believed it, and all 
supposed it was set afloat in order to 
damage his reputation, and it only drew 
them closer to him. Mr. Brown, a lead- 
ing member, said: "I will never believe 
the report." He was asked by a Mason, 



October, 1902. 

"If you should see him yourself, would 
you believe it?" "Oh, yes," said Mr. 
Brown. "If I should see him visit such 
a place myself, I should have to believe 

So the Mason said, "We will convince 
you. You keep still, and on a certain 
night we will watch." They did so, and 
were rewarded by seeing the preacher 
enter the house. So Mr. Brown, a warm 
friend of the preacher, was convinced. 
The preacher was accused by his peo- 
ple, and the result was a church trial, 
the preacher protesting his innocence to 
the last, but all to no avail. He was de- 
feated, his influence gone, the finger ot 
scorn pointed at him. Friendless and 
comfortless he moved away, and died a 
broken-hearted man. 

Years rolled by, and a Mason was 
taken sick, and on his death bed con- 
fessed that he had helped to ruin the 
preacher ; that the preacher was an hon- 
est, upright man of God, and that the 
lodge had fixed up a scheme to ruin him, 
and that they had dressed up one of their 
own members to represent the preacher, 
and that he it was, and not the preacher, 
who visited the resort on that night. 

The result is, a heartbroken, ruined 
man of God, a scattered and wronged 
•congregation, a deserted church. 

Such is Masonry. Such it ever has 
been. Such it will be as long as the 
people will tolerate it. Let us not fondle 
the serpent that will instill its deadly 
venom into the best youth of our land. 
Let us do our utmost to stamp out this 
institution which teaches and upholds the 
most revolting perfidy, the wickedest 
"blasphemy, and the most horrible crime. 

Will Inman, 

Formerly a member of Tower Hill 
Lodge, No. 493, A. F. and A. M. ; now 
a servant of the Lord Jesus Christ. 


A Christian will refuse to hold insur- 
ance shares in an association that is hos- 
tile to the gospel of Jesus Christ. 

A woman never does care for her own 
soul so much as she cares for the man 
she loves. But if she is good she cares 
for his soul more than for her happiness, 
or even than for his happiness. — The 

This secret society of men draw their 
teaching from the heathen legend of Da- 
mon and Pythias, Briefly, this legend 
is as follows : Damon and Pythias were 
two noble Pythagoreans of Syracuse. 
Pythias, having been condemned to death 
by Dionysius, the tyrant of Syracuse, 
begged to be allowed to go home for the 
purpose of arranging his affairs, Damon 
pledging his own life for the reappear- 
ance of his friend. Dionysius consented, 
and Pythias returned just in time to save 
Damon from death. Struck by so noble 
an example of mutual affection, the ty- 
rant pardoned Pythias, and desired to be 
admitted into their sacred friendship. 

All this is presented in Pythian lodges, 
with appropriate passwords and secret 
ceremonies, and is the foundation of that 
large order of men we know as Knights 
of Pythias. It is the acme of heathen 
philosophy, but falls far short of Chris- 
tianity in this : Jesus Christ tasted death 
for his enemies. It is a small matter for 
persons to give their lives for their 
friends. How many fathers, and espe- 
cially mothers, have given their lives for 
their children? How many lovers have 
voluntarily gone to death for each other? 
Whilst this is noble, it falls far short of 
Divine love, in which Christ died for His 
enemies. For scarcely for a righteous 
man will one die ; yet peradventure for a 
good man some would even dare to die. 
But God commendeth His love toward 
us, in that, while we were yet sinners, 
Christ died for us. — Romans 5 :y, 8. 

The contrast between Christianity and 
the highest type of pagan philosophy is 
quite clearly seen in the teaching of 
those societies, which imitate the works 
of their best ideals. Christ died for His 
enemies. Damon was willing to die for 
his friend Pythias. Dionysius was so 
struck with such friendship that he par- 
doned Pythias; but Christ dying for His 
enemies showed disinterested, Godlike 
love. J. J. Bruce. 

Rolfe, la., Aug. n, 1902. 

Let grace and goodness be the princi- 
pal loadstone of thy affections. For love 
which hath ends will have an end, where- 
as that which is founded on true virtue 
will always continue. — Dryden. 

October, 1902. 



Hetwpaper* and Beform, 


(Special dispatch to the Inter Ocean.) 

New York, July 23. — Four boys going 
in swimming near Fort Hamilton to- 
night at dusk found the body of a man 
tied in a gunnysack, the throat cut from 
ear to ear, hidden in the bushes near the 
waters of the bay. The blood was still 
oozing from the body. It was quite clear 
that the man had not been dead for many 
hours. There was no clew to his iden- 

The victim is described as a man about 
35 years old, five feet ten inches tall, 
weighing 200 pounds, with fair complex- 
ion, dark hair, sandy mustache, gray 
eyes, and thumb and fore finger of left 
hand cut off. The hands showed no 
marks of labor. The muscles were firm. 
Though the man was large, he was not 
fat. There was not a piece of clothing 
on the body or in any of the wrappings 
which had been tied around it. 


Says the Brooklyn Eagle : 

"Now, John Mitchell, you started this 
thing. The people hold you accountable. 
lYou say that you did not advise riot and 
disorder ; but you knew as well as that 
the sun shines at midday that when you 
counsel a crowd of ignorant foreigners to 
break their agreements with their em- 
ployers, and stop work, and interfere 
with the industries of a nation, those men 
will do exactly what they are doing now. 
They have always done it, and, so long 
as they are as they are, will continue to 
do it. You have brought your State into 
disrepute. You have set back prosperity 
of the very unions you affect to advance, 
for you are driving the country into a 
disgust for them. Men are losing their 
lives because they threaten the lives of 
others. Families are suffering because 
the breadwinners are idle, at your be- 
hest. Now your followers defy the law 
and anarchy prevails. How long will 
you endure it, and how long will the peo- 
ple endure you?" 

And so thinks the New York Sun, 
which says : 

"The news reports of the last few days 
show that when industry raises its head 
in the anthracite mining region lawless- 
ness strikes at it. When a mine gets 
enough workers to indicate the resump- 
tion of work the strikers fall upon the 
laborers with willingness, if not with in- 
tent, to kill. Public support of law and 
order must be on a broader and more 
stable basis than it is. Many of the Penn- 
sylvania officials, from Governor Stone 
to the mining town burgesses, are, for 
one reason or another, temporizing with 
rioters, or openly favoring them." 

An Opposite View. 

The Hazelton Trades Unionist savs of 
the Shenandoah riot : 

"The clash teaches the lesson that, if 
armed war must exist, the workers in the 
anthracite region will be prepared to 
defend to the last ditch their rights and 
their homes. The time is at hand when 
power, as exercised by these mine own- 
ers, is creating and breeding the teach- 
ings of anarchy, and if the date of the 
revolution is at hand, the men now on 
strike will fight to the last spark, recog- 
nizing the appalling consequences. The 
Eighth and Twelfth regiments are now 
on the scene to preserve order and pro- 
tect scabs and thugs in Shenandoah." 

Remember, in the spiritual life there 
are recreations, but there are no holidays. 
That school breaks up but once, and the 
home afterward is eternal. — Faber. 


(NOTICE.— This department is intended for the 
information of readers of Leslie's Weekly. No 
charge is made for answers to inquiries regarding 
life insurance matters, and communications are 
treated confidentially. A stamp should always be 
inclosed, as a personal reply is sometimes deemed 
advisable. Address "Hermit," Leslie's Weekly, 
110 Fifth avenue, New York.) 

A Fort Wayne (Ind.) reader, in cor- 
roboration of the stand I have taken re- 
garding the instability and undesirability 
of fraternal insurance, sends me a clip- 
ping regarding the Order of Modern 
Woodmen. The paragraph states that 
the head consul of the order is leading 
the fight for increased rates and has 
served notice on the members that the 
average age of the membership is in- 



October, 1902. 

creasing so fast that "double-header" as- 
sessments are shortly inevitable. He 
points out that the order seems to have 
reached the limit of growth, as it shows 
a falling off of 26,000 new members last 
year. This is one of the largest fraternal 
orders, having nearly three-quarters of a 
million of members and over a billion of 
insurance certificates outstanding. It 
has been quite successful and has been 
regarded as one of the best of the fra- 
ternals. The experience it is passing 
through is precisely that which every as- 
sessment insurance organization must 
expect to have. 

Some of the letters I have received 
from those who paid for many years their 
assessments to fraternal organizations, 
that were afterward dissolved by bank- 
ruptcy, have been pathetic in the details 
of the hardships they reveal. It is for my 
readers, however, in these matters as in 
all others, to act with caution and pru- 
dence, believing only what they know to 
be true and making only such contracts 
as are thoroughly comprehended. — Les- 
lie's Weekly. 



I think the time has arrived when the 
plain truth should be told as well to the 
striking miners as to the public from 
some recognized advocate of trade or- 
ganizations as beneficial agencies for the 
improvement of the condition of work- 

For a quarter of a century I have uni- 
formly maintained the right and duty of 
associations, both on the part of employ- 
ers and employes. Such organizations, 
however, must be for lawful purposes and 
must look to the accomplishment of re- 
sults founded on justice. When claims 
are made contrary to the fundamental 
conditions upon which society is founded, 
they must be resisted at all hazards. 

I am quite clear that the claims of Mr. 
Mitchell and the organization over which 
he presides are in contravention of the 
principles of free government and of the 
rights of men to earn their living in any 
lawful way without interference from or- 
ganized labor or organized capital. The 

unhappy controversy now existing is not 
based upon any reasonable claim which 
labor can make for shorter hours or better 
wages. It is true that Mr. Mitchell al- 
leges this to be the object of the strike, 
but as a matter of fact it is notorious that 
the real object is to secure the recognition 
of his national organization as an au- 
thority entitled to decide upon the rates 
of wages and the conditions of labor in 
the coal fields wherever situated. 

If this demand be conceded, it will not 
be possible for any man not holding a un- 
ion card to secure employment in the coal 
fields. This will amount to a denial of the 
right of every man to sell his labor in a 
free market. The concession of this de- 
mand will make Mr. Mitchell the dicta- 
tor of the coal business and put him in 
control of votes enough to decide the next 
Presidential election. 

The right to labor is inherent in every 
human being and cannot be surrendered 
without the sacrifice of individual liberty 
and of private property. It, therefore, 
cannot be arbitrated any more than the 
right of a man to his own home if it 
shall be claimed by an outsider who pre- 
fers arbitration. An .offer of arbitration 
is always attractive, but there are many 
things which cannot be submitted to ar- 
bitration; among them none is so im- 
portant to the workingman as the right 
to sell his labor in a free market. 

The operators cannot yield this point 
without being disloyal to the owners of 
the property and to the workmen who 
carry on the operations. It would be far 
better to abandon the business of mining 
anthracite coal than to concede the de- 
mand of any man or set of men to deny 
the rights of employment and of labor 
upon which the whole structure of free 
government is founded and to which this 
country owes its phenomenal progress. 
In my judgment, therefore, the opera- 
tors are only doing their plain duty in 
declining to arbitrate a question which is 
in the domain of conscience and involves 
the personal liberty of the individual. 

The only solution of the trouble is for 
Mr. Mitchell to order the strike off with- 
out delay. When this is done, if there be 
grievances to be abated, they will be 
promptly adjusted between the local op- 
erators and the local unions. 

The right of association is not in ques- 

October, 1902. 



tion. This is admitted by both employ- 
ers and employes. What is denied, and 
properly so, is the power by the issue of 
union cards to refuse employment to non- 
union men and thus condemn them to os- 
tracism, starvation and death. Such a 
ruse is abhorrent to justice and "is fatal 
to personal liberty. 

It is claimed in some quarters, and al- 
leged to be the general opinion, that the 
operators ought to resume work with- 
out regard to the menacing conditions 
with which the anthracite coal mines are 
now surrounded. Such a position does 
not appear to me to be reasonable. As 
the owners of property, the operators un- 
doubtedly owe a duty to the community, 
which is suffering great loss from the 
scarcity of fuel. The right of private 
property, guaranteed by the Constitution, 
is always subject to the underlying prin- 
ciple that it is to be so used as not to 
damage the public seriously. Any claim 
of the operators, therefore, that they can 
<io with their own as they see fit, does not 
rest upon a sound foundation. If, how- 
ever, in the recognition of their duty to 
the public, they are compelled to respect 
other fundamental conditions equally, if 
not more important to the public welfare, 
they would be false to their duty if they 
should yield to clamor and pressure from 
those who have not carefully considered 
the consequences of such action. 

There is a principle more important 
than the obligation of private property to 
subordinate itself to the general welfare. 
The demand of any man or set of men, 
not occupying public office, to decide upon 
the conditions upon which labor shall seek 
its living, and to make it subject to a li- 
cense from irresponsible leaders, whether 
representing capital or labor, is in effect a 
claim to the power of life and death, and 
can never be conceded without a base sur- 
render of duty to greed. The coal opera- 
tors, therefore, are not fighting so much 
for the control of their own property as 
for the right of the citizen to labor where 
he may find employment without interfer- 
ence from organizations or men who have 
no right to control his freedom of action. 

Finally, the claim of the United Mine 
Workers' organization to control the en- 
tire coal industry of the country is based 
upon an impracticable idea. Very little 
knowledge is necessary to show that the 

coal regions of the United States differ so 
much from each other that the policy 
which is adapted to one is utterly un- 
suited to another. Moreover, the vari- 
ous mines differ from each other in condi- 
tions, requiring careful adjustment in the 
wages of labor and in some respects in 
the hours necessary to keep them in work- 
ing order. All that a national organiza- 
tion could possibly do would be to sup- 
port the claim of workmen who for any 
reason are dissatisfied with the conditions 
which prevail in any particular locality or 
mine. But to call a general instead of a 
local strike when a local grievance is not 
adjusted in a satisfactory way is an out- 
rage of such vast proportions that it can- 
not for one moment be tolerated bv a free 

Moreover, in this day of free discussion 
and the publicity of all the facts through 
the newspapers, there is no possibility 
that any coal operator could or would re- 
sist demands which are founded upon 
justice. The coal mines are all under of- 
ficial inspection, generally by officers who 
sympathize, and properly so, with the 
miners. Any real grievance, therefore, 
will not only be promptly made known, 
but will be as promptly redressed when 
the questions at issue are discussed with 
good temper and free from the passions 
which are excited by a general strike 
throwing thousands of men out of em- 

The consequences of such strikes are so 
disastrous, not merely to the parties di- 
rectly concerned, but to the whole com- 
munity, that every effort should be made 
as soon as the existing strike has been 
called off and the excitement is abated to 
prevent by appropriate legislation the re- 
currence of such calamitous conflicts, 
whereby everybody is injured and no one 
is benefited. 

The enactment of such legislation will 
not be attended with more difficulty than 
in the case of other disputes now regulat- 
ed by law and subject to the judication 
of the courts. When the miners shall 
realize that they are making war upon 
their own rights secured by centuries of 
conflicts and sacrifices and that a present 
victory will result in depriving them of 
all personal freedom, such disastrous con- 
flicts will cease to recur and arbitration 



October, 1902. 

may then well be invoked to settle local 

The hope of the working classes in the 
future, as in the past, for better condi- 
tions rests upon personal liberty and the 
security of property. The English-speak- 
ing miners understand this proposition 
perfectly, but for the time being they are 
powerless in the presence of bad leader- 
ship and the state of terror which prevails 
in the coal region, subjecting them to ob- 
loquy, violence and death, by which un- 
willing acquiescence is enforced. 

What is wanted to end this destructive 
conflict is not arbitration, but the stern 
repression of violence and the assured 
protection of the miners who desire to 
earn a livelihood for themselves and their 
families. To this protection they are en- 
titled and the government which fails to 
afford it is a reproach to republican in- 

The demand for arbitration comes with 
an ill grace from a leader who began the 
conflict with an order calling on the engi- 
neers, firemen and pumpmen to abandon 
their tasks, thus exposing the mines to 
utter ruin. If this order had been obeyed, 
the resumption of work would have been 
indefinitely postponed and the helpless 
victims of this desperate expedient re- 
duced to hopeless poverty. "To rule or 
ruin" is not a policy which commends it- 
self to the American people, who believe 
in the old-fashioned rule that he who de- 
mands equity must first do equity. 
—The Christian Intelligencer, Sept. 3, 1902. 


Q. — 175. Is it right for the Wesieyan 
Methodist Church to exclude members 
of the G. A. R. from church membership, 
after giving their services to their coun- 
try, and (they) are not members of any 
other order? 

A. — Evidently the Wesieyan Method- 
ist Church thinks it is right to do so, for 
it has enacted a law that no member of 
any secret society shall be received as a 
member of the Wesieyan Methodist 
Church. We have never yet found any 
place in God's word where liberty is 
given to any man, whether he had served 
his country or not, to do wrong, and in 
the opinion of the Wesieyan Methodist 
Church, and in our opinion, it is wrong 

to belong to a secret society, wrong be- 
cause God has commanded us to come 
out from the world and be separate there- 
from, and becoming a member of even 
the Grand Army of the Republic is not 
obeying this command. — Wesieyan 

Under the rules of the Mine Workers' 
Union, in which at least 90 per cent of 
the men working at anthracite colleries. 
were enrolled, the will of the majority 
rules ; and, as a result, the unskilled 
workmen, employed inside and outside 
the mines, really control the action of the 
union. It is said a very large majority 
of the actual miners of coal were opposed 
to the strike, which has not yet ended. — 
The Friend, Aug. 23, 1902. 

No Sunday Weddings. — The Coach- 
men's Union of Trenton, N. J., have de- 
cided that they will not drive for any 
more Sunday weddings. Because Tren- 
ton is made up largely of workmen who 
are busy the year round, the custom has 
been growing for couples to get married 
on Sunday. The Coachmen's Union 
says that a man who will not "lay off" a 
day when he is married cannot have a 
carriage on Sunday if he wishes to marry 
on that day. The pastors are supporting 
the coachmen, as they supported them in 
their successful fight against Sunday fu- 
nerals last spring. — Lutheran Standard. 


The laws of God and man make it the 
duty, as well as the privilege, of the man 
who marries to support, under all normal 
conditions, the wife he marries and the 
children born to him ; and no self-respect- 
ing man seeks to shirk the responsibility. 
More than that, he is glad of the oppor- 
tunity. That responsibility is his chiefest 
pleasure ; and such men will work and 
have worked themselves into the grave 
in seeking to insure their families against 
the possibility of want. But there has 
arisen a despotism more merciless than 
poverty, which steps . between that man 
and that right, and assumes to dictate 
how and when that right may be exer- 
cised, or when he may not lift spade or 
hammer, type or chisel, to earn the bread 

October, 1902. 



for hungry mouths or clothes to cover 
the nakedness of his children, or the rent 
money that keeps a roof above their 

That is not the despotism of capital, 
for capital, with all the faults it has, has 
not undertaken to prohibit the laborer 
from laboring when labor is in demand. 
It has remained for labor itself to per- 
mit to grow upin its very midst a tyrant 
more cruel to individual men than kings 
or capitalists have ever sought to be. It 
is taking from the individual the oppor- 
tunity to perform the duty which com- 
mon decency, to say nothing of the re- 
quirements of Heaven and humanity, 
have put upon him. Recently men have 
been shot to death or clubbed to death 
when, with starvation looking straight 
into the faces of those they had 
sworn to "love, cherish and protect," 
they have gone back to jobs which they 
had' only left under threat of death. Such 
men are heroes, as truly heroes as any 
who ever went to death at the call of their 
country ; but there is no name for such as 
those who have done these men to death. 

As a matter of justice between man 
and man, there is no man nor set of men 
that has a right to say to another man, 
"You shall not work until we give you 
command." Man in general has not yet 
bartered away that right inherent in the 
race to labor at his own direction when 
and where he will. Some have done so, 
and in so doing have made themselves 
voluntarily bond-servants to a pitiless 

The writer of these lines is not a cap- 
italist and never will be, and has no sym- 
pathy with any unjust exactions of the 
money power, or with any of the heart- 
less methods of which they may from 
time to time be guilty in the mad scram- 
ble for wealth. Neither has he any sym- 
pathy with the cruelties practiced in the 
name of labor upon men whose only of- 
fense is a desire to work for the support 
of their families, and who, as men, have 
refused to surrender their liberties into 
the hands of any organization whatso- 

Nevertheless, it is becoming more and 
more apparent that a time is fast ap- 
proaching when men who labor as inde- 
pendent men, free. men, prizing their lib- 

erty as men should, will labor under con- 
stant threats, constantly in danger of 
their lives. Labor is not behind capital 
in the matter of organization, and the day 
is coming, and coming soon, when all 
classes of labor will be under the control 
of the organization, when that organiza- 
tion will be able to dictate in every 
branch of human industry, and he who 
refuses to yield will do so at the peril 
of his life. The stronger these organiza- 
tions become, the more of that spirit do 
we see manifest in their treatment of 
both their own members and those who 
still seek to maintain the liberty of their 
own person. The man who does not be- 
long to some union is not looked upon 
as having any rights that the union is 
bound to respect. 

These conditions are the forerunnners 
of trying and perilous times, an indica- 
tion of that culmination of events to 
which the prophecies of God's Word so 
long have pointed. Fearful times are hur- 
rying toward us ; the very air is heavy 
with the omens of the coming storm ; 
but to those who know the Lord they are 
harbingers of the coming day. S. 

— The Signs of the Times. 


(Special Dispatch to the Boston Herald.) 
Toledo, O., Aug. 28, 1902. — The 
Grand Lodge, Ancient Order of United 
Workmen, held a stormy session to-day 
between the Pickens and anti-Pickens 
men, the latter winning. The Grand 
Master Workman was finally instructed 
to employ expert accountants to go over 
the books carefully for the past several 
years and ascertain Walter Pickens' en- 
tire shortage as Grand Recorder. Pick- 
ens has turned over all his property here, 
but is said to be about $3,000 short. He 
is now in Boston. 


Secret Societies and Civil Government. 

With the exception of Prince Ferdi- 
nand of Bulgaria, whose affiliations to 
the Macedonian committee that has its 
headquarters within a stone's throw of his 
palace at Sofia, are notorious, there is no 
longer any prince of the blood to-day 



October, 1902. 

who is identified with any of these secret 
political societies by which Europe is 
honeycombed. Royalty finds it prudent 
to hold aloof from organizations of this 
kind, taught by bitter experience that far 
from being able to bend them to their 
views and projects, they merely place a 
yoke of slavery upon their necks. The 
times when Alexander I. of Russia was a 
member of the Greek Hetairia, when Na- 
poleon III. belonged to the Italian Car- 
bonari, and when Ernest, duke of Cum- 
berland, afterward king of Hanover, was 
grand master of the- Orange society in 
Great Britain and Ireland, are gone and 

Queen Victoria and the Orange Society. 

The absence of the name of any mem- 
ber of the reigning house of England 
from the roster of the Orange society is 
recalled to mind by the reports which 
have reached this country of the riots 
which signalized the other day the anni- 
versary of the battle of the Boyne at Bel- 
fast, Edinburgh and a few other places in 
Ireland and Great Britain. When Queen 
Victoria came to the throne the Orange 
society was still a power in the land, so 
much so that during the closing years of 
the life of King William IV. very serious 
apprehensions were entertained by the 
government of the day lest his younger 
brother, the duke of Cumberland, should 
avail himself of the immense influence 
which he commanded as grand master of 
the order to oust his niece, Victoria, from 
the succession to the crown. The extent 
of the danger may be inferred, not only 
from the elaborate steps taken by the 
great duke of Wellington in his capacity 
of commander-in-chief of the army to foil 
any attempt to place the duke of Cumber- 
land on the English throne, but likewise 
from the fact that all the leaders of the 
Orange society which was committed to 
the project were composed of wealthy 
and powerful territorial magnates in Ire- 
land, as well as in England and Scotland, 
the ultra-Tory aristocracy being strongly 
represented in the organization. In those 
days the membership of the latter was es- 
timated at over half a million and it had 
large means at its command, whereas 
now it is doubtful whether the roster con- 
tains one-tenth of that number of names, 
the majority of which are those of arti- 
sans and laborers. Ther« are at present 

but few men of social position, of wealth 
or ability in its ranks. The very classes 
that formerly constituted its principal ele- 
ment of strength, namely, the Protestant 
gentry and aristocracy of the Emerald 
Isle, and the old Tory nobility in the Uni- 
ted Kingdom, now regard it as an ex- 
tremely vulgar and ludicrous movement 
from which it behooves them to hold 
aloof, and save for the fact that it stirs 
up some rioting once a year on the anni- 
versary of the battle of the Boyne, it has 
dwindled into such insignificance as a po- 
litical factor either in England or in Ire- 
land that it is difficult to realize that dur- 
ing the first three or four decades of the 
nineteenth century it was repeatedly ad- 
mitted by the government of the day in 
Parliament to be one of the most serious 
problems by which the crown was con- 
fronted. In fact, the administration was 
so circumstanced that it found itself al- 
most impossible to cope with the move- 
ment. There were at the time few regu- 
lar troops in the country, and the local 
yeomanry and militia, and most of the of- 
ficers and magistrates who commanded 
them, were Orangemen themselves. As 
remarked by one of the ministers of the 
day : "As to the Orangemen we have a 
rather difficult card to play. We can not 
afford to entirely discountenance them. 
On the contrary, we must in a certain de- 
gree uphold them. For on them we must 
rely for the preservation of our lives and 
property should critical times occur." 

In some respects, the Orange society 
differs from other secret political socie- 
ties in Europe. For the Orangeman is a 
religious fanatic first and a politician af- 
terward. Everything is subordinated by 
him to maintaining Protestant ascenden- 
cy, and to prevent the spread of the pow- 
er and influence of Roman Catholics, not 
only in Ireland, but also in all English- 
speaking countries. Even the loyalty of 
the Orangeman to the throne is condi- 
tional to its being occupied by a Protest- 
ant, the affirmation which he solemnly 
makes on joining his lodge binding him 
"to support the laws and constitution of 
the kingdom, and the succession to the 
throne of his majesty's illustrious house 
being Protestant." No person who has at 
any time been a Roman Catholic or mar- 
ried to one is eligible to the Orange socie- 
ty, and the organization, such as it is, still 

October, 1902. 



opposes with all its might and power the 
appointment of Roman Catholics to any 
government office, judicial post or seat in 

Napoleon III. and the Carbonari. 

So far as is known, the Orange society 
is the only secret political organization of 
any importance that can boast of having 
had a prince of the blood as its grand 
master. True, there are quite a number 
of others that have had royal and imperial 
personages in their ranks, but never as 
the moving spirits of the association. In- 
deed, these illustrious personages have, 
as a general rule, been the slaves rather 
than the masters of the bodies in question, 
and some of them have found the servi- 
tude almost beyond human endurance. 
Thus, Napoleon III. remained throughout 
his reign submissively subject to Mazzini, 
the grand master of the Italian order of 
the Carbonari, which he had joined while 
residing with his mother at Rome as a 
young man. When he became emperor of 
the French he at first imagined himself 
to be powerful enough to be able to turn 
a deaf ear to the commands of the Carbo- 
nari, and to be in a position to sever all 
further intercourse with them. But they 
had no intention of permitting him to be- 
come thus unfaithful to his vows of feal- 
ty to the order, and after they had insti- 
gated several attempts to assassinate him, 
one of which, known as the Orsini bomb 
outrage, resulted in the death of a large 
number of bystanders, and in the destruc- 
tion of the imperial equipage on its way 
to the opera at Paris, he abandoned all 
further idea of resistance. He readily 
obeyed when he received orders from 
Mazzini to declare the preposterous war 
of 1859 against Austria, which, while it 
profited Italy a great deal, brought little 
or nothing to France, except the ill-will 
of the Austrians, who would otherwise 
have come to her rescue in 1870. In 
1866, again Emperor Napoleon took ad- 
vantage of the struggle between Austria 
and Prussia to exact from the latter ter- 
ritorial compensation along the Rhine, 
threatening otherwise to march to the as- 
sistance of Austria, which had just in- 
flicted a crushing defeat upon the Italians 
at Custozza. Bismarck was on the point 
of yielding to the pretensions of Napo- 
leon, Prussia, exhausted by her conflict 
with Austria, being not at the time in a 

position to resist a French invasion. But 
suddenly the demands of France were 
withdrawn, and Napoleon contented him- 
self with requesting that the surrender of 
Venice by Austria to Italy, which Prussia 
had insisted on, should be made through 
him. Only after Napoleon's death did the 
people become aware that his inexplicable 
withdrawal of demands which were about 
to be conceded to the advantage of 
France was solely due to the threats and 
commands which had reached him from 
his Carbonari associate in Italy. Indeed, 
much that is otherwise incomprehensible 
in the eighteen years' reign of Napoleon, 
who was a man of remarkable cleverness, 
becomes clear as day when it is pointed 
out that he was constantly forced by the 
Italian Carbonari to embark upon enter- 
prises and to adopt measures disadvanta- 
geous in every respect to France, but 
destined to benefit Italy. 

Czar Alexander I. and the Hetairia. 

Czar Alexander I. is known to have 
belonged to that celebrated secret society 
known as the Ethnike Hetairia, which 
was formed more than 100 years ago for 
the purpose of emancipating Greece 
from Ottoman rule. The emperor joined 
it with the idea of making use of the or- 
ganization for the furtherance of his aims 
on Constantinople, and of adding, not 
only Greece itself, but likewise all the 
other Christian provinces of the sublime 
porte, to the Russian empire. But in- 
stead of his bending the Hetairia to his 
wishes it was he who became the slave of 
the organization, and there are some 
grounds for the belief of the story cur- 
rent throughout eastern Europe, and 
likewise in many European capitals, ac- 
cording to which the Hetairia became so 
exacting in its demands on the Czar that 
in sheer despair he abandoned his throne 
to his brother Nicholas, causing his own 
death to be proclaimed and a mock fu- 
neral to be organized, after which he re- 
tired to the famous monastery of St. Ser- 
gius, where, under the guise of a monk, 
he survived until 1864. 

Neither King George nor yet any of 
his sons have ever, so far as known, be- 
come members of the Hetairia. But they 
are obliged to countenance it to such an 
extent that the standard of the society is 
still to-day preserved at the royal palace 
at Athens. They have to obey its behests 



October, 1902. 

and were compelled by it to make war 
upon Turkey in 1896, sorely against their 
will. King George's invasion of Turkish 
territory in Crete without any previous 
declaration of war against the sublime 
porte was an act which, from the point of 
view of international law, was fully as 
unjustifiable as the much-decried Jameson 
raid in the Transvaal. The considera- 
tion, however, which in spite of this he 
received from the great powers of Eu- 
rope, and their intervention in his behalf, 
after the Turkish troops had defeated the 
Greek army and advanced to within a 
day's march of Athens, was entirely due 
to the fact that it was known in every Eu- 
ropean capital that when he invaded Crete 
he had to choose between doing so and 
facing a revolution instigated by the He- 
tairia, which would have driven him from 
Athens in the same way that his predeces- 
sor, the Bavarian-born King Otho, was 
ousted from his throne. 

The Hetairia still flourishes, and its ob- 
ject is the eventual revival of the ancient 
Greek empire with its capital at Constan- 
tinople, and the restoration of the cross in 
lieu of the crescent above the dome of St. 
Sophia, as in the days when the old Greek 
emperors reigned at Stamboul. There 
are few wealthy Greeks, either in King 
George's dominions or abroad, who do 
not belong to the society. Indeed, some 
of the principal leaders are believed to re- 
side in this country, and certain it is that 
some of. its largest revenues are derived 
from the subscriptions of rich Greeks in 
the United States. 

The Pan- «lav Society. 

Grandduke Sergius, who is not only the 
uncle, but likewise the brother-in-law of 
the present emperor .of Russia, is gener- 
ally understood to be in sympathy with 
the aims and the motives of the Pan-Slav 
society at Moscow, which, under the pre- 
text of affording spiritual and material 
relief to members of the orthodox church 
in foreign lands, has in reality for its ob- 
ject the consolidation of all the countries 
inhabited by the Slav race into one great 
Slav empire under the scepter of the czar. 
The Pan-Slav society is likewise bent on 
the liberation of all the Christian prov- 
inces of Turkey from the thraldom of the 
sultan, and the acquisition by Russia of 
Constantinople. Its influence is still very 
considerable, though not quite so great 

as in 1877, when in the same way that 
the Hetairia forced King George into in- 
vading Ottoman territory, the Pan-Slav 
movement drove the czar to declare war 
upon Turkey at a moment so inopportune 
for Russia that disaster followed the 
Muscovite arms throughout all the ear- 
lier stages of the conflict. 

Freemasonry in Italy and France. 

No member of the reigning house of 
Italy has any avowed connection with the 
numerous secret political societies which 
play so great a role in the peninsula. 
True, it is rumored that the young Queen 
Helene has leanings toward the associa- 
tion organized in Italy for the emancipa- 
tion of Albania from Turkey. But noth- 
ing positive is known on the subject. 
Equally devoid of confirmation is the re- 
port that King Victor Emmanuel is a 
Free Mason, although he has recently 
shown his sympathy for the craft, which 
in Italy, as in France, is a purely political 
and anti-ecclesiastical secret organization, 
by appointing its grand master, M. Na- 
than, to a seat in the Senate. 

In France Freemasonry, which, differ- 
ing from that in English-speaking coun- 
tries, is avowedly atheistic, constitutes 
the most influential secret organization 
now in existence, and a powerful factor 
in the administrative and political fields. 
Most of the leading statesmen of the re- 
public from the president downward are 
either active members of the craft or 
avowed friends thereof. So that there is 
but little prospect of any success attend- 
ing the attempt which is now being made 
by the so-called Nationalist and clerical 
forces to compel the government to apply 
to the fraternity those same drastic laws 
which were enacted on the Masonic insti- 
gation for the purpose of controlling and 
disciplining the various religious associa- 
tions and monastic orders. Indeed, it is 
idle to dream of the present government 
of the republic dealing with the Masonic 
federations and lodges in the same dras- 
tic manner as with the society of Jesus. 
— Ex- Attache, S<t. Louis Globe- Democrat, 
July 27, 1902. 

Discontent is a good thing. It makes 
us go, as fuel does the locomotive; but, 
overcharged with it, we do nothing but 
sizzle and smoke. — Musings by Camp- 
fire and Wayside. 

The New Book In the Coils; 

Advanced orders are asked for a book that every 
Christian should own and read to his children. 
We ought to have a thousand advance orders to 
meet the expense of getting out the first edition. 
Who will help? The price of "Modern Secret So- 
cieties" is 50 cents, in paper cover, and 75 cents in 

lYJodern g ecret S ocieties 


President Wheaton College, President National 
Christian Association, ex-President Sabbath Asso- 
ciation of Illinois, etc. 

A brief treatise for busy people and specially 
intended for ministers and teachers. 

Part I. — Clearing Away the Brush. Part II.— 
Freemasonry, Next to the Jesuits, the Most Pow- 
erful of Secret Orders. Part III.— Related and 
Subsidiary Lodges. Part IV.— Concluding Chap- 


PART I.— Clearing Away the Brush. 

Chapter I.— Reason for Discussing me Subject 
and for the Present Publication. 

Chapter II. — Why Make Freemasonry so Promi- 

Chapter III.— Is It Possible to Know What Se- 
cret Societies Are Without Uniting with Them? 

Chapter IV.— If Evil, Why Do So Many Good Men 
Unite with Them? 

Chapter V.— Do Not Their Charities Prove Them 
to Be Helpful to Men? 

Chapter VI.— If the Church Would Do Her Duty 
Would There Be need for Lodges? 

Chapter VII. — Review of Topics Treated in 
Part I. 


Freemasonry; the Keystone of the 


Chapter I.— Freemasonry or Modern Idolatry. 

Chapter II. — The Ceremonies of the Lodge, or 
How is a Man Made a Mason. 

Chapter III.— Masonic Obligations, or the Lodge 
and Civil Government. 

Chapter IV.— Freemasonry and Woman, or the 
Lodge and the Home. 

Chapter V. — Higher Degrees. 

Chapter VI.— The Higher Degrees Continued. 

Chapter VII.— Review of Part II. 

PART III. — Related and Subsidiary Organizations. 
Chapter I.— Oddfellowship. 
Chapter II.— The Temperance Lodges. 
Chapter HI.— Insurance Lodges. 
Chapter IV. — Industrial Orders. 
Chapter V.— 'Patriotic lodges. 
Chapter VI.— College Fraternities. 
Chapter VII.— Review of Part III. 

PART IV.— Concluding Chapters. 

Chapter I.— The obligations of Secret Societies 
Not Masonic. 

Chapter II.— The Testimonies of Seceders. 

Chapter III.— The Opinions of Great and Good 

Chapter IV.— What do Lodge Burials Teach? 

Chapter V.— Is the Struggle Against Lodgism 

Chapter VI.— Does Testimony Against Lodgism 
Injure Churches? 

Chapter VII.— The Duty of the Hour. 



aa i West Madison St, Chicago. 


The Secret Lodge Conflict. 


Fourth Edition. Cloth Bound. 300 Pages. 
Size 5x7 Yz. Sent Postpaid for $1.10. 

This is not so much a work of fiction as an 
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When the first edition was published the 
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"A charming work, fit to be classed with "Uncle 
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The whole group of actors and the principal events 
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336 Pages, 

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Address National Christian Association 




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Polar Might. 

Thou Serv'st 






New England Annual Convention . 209 

Was Solomon a Mason ? 209 

Berea College . 210 

The Netft Step in Advance 210 

Romanism, Masonry, Christianity 211 

Masonic Murders 213 

Selling Secrets 215 

Some Facts and Figures on Oddfellow- 
ship .215 

Jesuitism, Ancient and Modern .216 

"Mighty Lord, Heavenly King" 218 

My Neighbor 220 

His Birthday Observed 221 

"Grand Lodge Proceedings" 222 

"Reasons for Masonry's Life" 222 

Victory for a Secret Society . *. 223 

Congressman Calderhead's Opinion 224 

Servant Girls Form a Union 224 

Puzzling Statements 225 

Mafia Threatens Miners % . . 226 

News of Our Work ." 226 

Iowa Christian Association 226 

From the Field 227 

A Noble Work Begun in Brazil 229 

X and M 230 

From Elder Quincy Leckrone 231 

The Ancient Order of Amoreans , 232 

From Our Mail 233 

Scotch Rite Expose Criticised 234 

Obituaries 235 

Newspapers and Reform 236 

Hoo Hoo 236 

Lodge Tragedies 237 

A Masonic Premium 237 

Known by Their Works 239 

The Fatherhood of God /., 239 

Oddfellowship Charity 240 

Odds and Ends 240 

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336 Pages. 

Cloth, 5x7^, Postpaid, : One Dollar 

There is nothing so interesting to the human 
heart as human experience; and this volume, set- 
ting forth scenes in the life of Rev. Sherlock Bris- 
tol, presents a wider range of experience in many 
lines of thought and action, and a greater variety 
of adventures than are often found concentrated in 
a single human life. The book contains much that 
is amusing and inspiring. — Rev. J. H. Fairchild, 
D. D., President of Gberlin College. 

Rev. Sherlock Bristol now lives in Los Angeles, 
Cal. The Editor of the Cynosure began the perusal 
of "The Pioneer Preacher" as a duty, which soon 
changed into keenest pleasure. The price is $1, 
postpaid. And anyone dissatisfied after reading 
will have the dollar refunded upon the return of 
the book. The late President Fairchild, of Oberlin, 
from whom we quote above, picked up this book 
for a half hour's scanning,, but did not lay it down 
until he had read it through. Address 

221 West Madison St. - Chicago, Ills. 

^ * — s ^s> 

"Jesus answered him, — I spake openly to the world; and in secret have I said nothing." John 18:20. 




The Christian Cynosure, 

Official Organ of the National 
Christian Association. 

22i West Madison St., Chicago. 

Entered at the Postoffice, Chicago, 111., as second 
class matter. 


Official Call and Notice. 

Beginning Nov. 18, at 7:00 o'clock 
p. m., in the Bromfield Street M. E. 
Church, Boston, Mass, the Annual Con- 
vention of the New England Christian 
Association will open with a discussion 
of the Secret Lodge System, and con- 
tinue its sessions the following day and 
evening. The annual business session 
will occur on Wednesday, the 19th of 
November, prox., at 10:00 o'clock a. m., 
at which the worjc of the past year will 
be reported and officers elected for the 
ensuing year. The afternoon and even- 
ing sessions will be devoted to addresses 
and a discussion of living questions. 
This promises to be one of the most 
interesting meetings as well as the most 
important meetings of the Association 
in New England. The National Asso- 
ciation will be represented by its gen- 
eral agent and corresponding secretary 
from Chicago. An able corps of speak- 
ers and a number of seceders from dif- 
ferent orders will participate in the dis- 
cussions. Friends are urged to attend, 
and the public generally cordially invited 
to all sessions. Our hope is in God. 
Let there be much and earnest prayer 
for His presence and blessing in all the 

J. M. Foster, President. 

The Iowa State Convention met in the 
Friends' Church, Albia, Iowa, Monday 
and Tuesday, Oct. 20 and 21. The pro- 
gram called for an address of welcome 
from Rev. Lurena M. Terrell; response 
by the president, Rev. C. C. Potter, of 
the United Presbyterian Church. Rev. 
J. F. Hanson, missionary of the Friends' 
Church, recently returned from Europe 
and now at Oskaloosa, Iowa, spoke on 
"Secret Societies in Norway." Devo- 
tional services were led by Rev. W. B. 
Robertson, Rev. J.. B. Jackson, Rev. 
William Porter and Rev. E. Howard 
Brown. President C. A. Blanchard, of 
Wheaton College, gave an address on 
"Christ Life and Lodge Life." Rev. C. 
D. Trumbull spoke on "Lodge Feed- 
ers," and Rev. Harry Hays on "The 
Church and the Lodge." Secretary W. 
B. vStoddard gave two addresses. 


So far as what we know as Masonry is 
concerned, its relation to Solomon is 
pure fiction. The name of this king 
is woven into the legend of the third de- 
gree, where it is turned to the uses of 
the pagan sun myth. In the same way, 
the temple is used. But Masonry itself 
does not seriously claim Solomon as, 
in our modern sense, a Mason. 

Yet there is a sense in which he can 
be accounted Masonic. His foreign 
wives misled him into concessions to 
paganism. He built high places and 
patronized the idolatrous cult which is 
at the heart of Masonic religion. Sun 
worship is Masonic, whether it is perpe- 
trated elsewhere or in the darkness of 
the lodge. In this sense, Masonry is 
ancient, though in its real form and be- 
ing modern. In this sense. Solomon 
was Masonic, though, until ages after his 
time, no one was really a Mason. 



November, 1902. 


The trustees of Berea College, Berea, 
Ky., are entering upon a resolute effort 
to secure adequate equipment for its 
work. This college has made a great 
"find" in the forgotten people of the 
Southern mountains — still living in pio- 
neer conditions, but of. good stock and 
promise. To adapt agriculture, forestry 
and household arts, and make the new 
and struggling public schools effective, 
for two million people, is a great enter- 
prise. The school was founded by anti- 
slavery Southerners before the war, and 
admits colored students exactly as the 
Northern and European institutions. 
While not claiming that this is the only 
way, Berea has found it wholly satisfac- 


In speaking of the oath taken by the 
St. Louis boodlers' combine, as one of 
the gang in the clutch of the law re- 
vealed it, the Chicago American says : 

But the oath — that was the main thing ex- 
cept the boodle. It is so nearly like the ob- 
ligations taken by members of Nihilist so- 
cieties in Russian and Anarchist leagues in 
America that the gang member who gave it 
up declares it was modeled after one of these 
which names the penalty of death for any 
member who refuses to kill the Czar or the 
President when given that assignment. 

The Chicago American is often wise 
and sometimes funny. In this it is both. 
He looks wide-eyed over toward Russia 
and away toward foreign Nihilism for 
the original oath taken as a copy. Why 
don't he pick up a hot one near the 
anvil at home. This idea of telling what 
the oath in a foreign Anarchist league 
or Nihilist society is, "when he never 
was in one, or if he has been, is a per- 
jurer and not worthy of belief." See? 
Besides, such an accusation against a 
secret society having an obligation 
molded after Masonry is very impolitic! 


I give, devise and bequeath unto the 
National Christian Association, incor- 
porated in Illinois in 1874, the sum of 
. . Dollars, to be ex- 
pended for the appropriate objects of 
said corporation. 


Boston's beneficences are worthy- of 
highest commendation. They . . are 
neither few nor stinted. Over one hun- 
dred organized charities and protective 
agencies open their doors and extend 
a helping hand to the needy and those 
exposed to the grosser vices of large 
cities. In the loving Spirit of Him who 
bade his disciples to "Do good, and lend,, 
hoping for nothing again,-' those who 
have been worsted in life's battles are 
tendered the verv best these homes can 


Contrasted with these is another and 
more numerous class. Assuming vir- 
tues which might provoke the envy of 
angels, they are divided and subdivided 
as Masonic, Odd Fellows, Knights of 
Pythias, Red Men, Good Samaritans, 
Rebekahs, et al., springing from one 
root however diverse in their branches. 
Over the portal of each is the deceptive 
motto, "Brotherly Love," "Friendship,. 
Love and Truth," "Blessed Charity," 
* or some inscription of kindred import, 
to catch the eye and win the attention of 
casual observers. Like counterfeits in 
currency and shams in religion, they 
essay the appearance of the genuine to 
conceal the grossness of their real pur- 

A slight inspection reveals the shal- 
lowness of these vaunted charities. A 
truthful inscription at the door of 
entrance would be, "Only the hale and 
hearty, having 'some visible means of 
support,' need apply for a share in 
our charities. You must pay your cash 
at the door, swear to conceal what you 
get for your money, and solemnly ob- 
ligate yourself to obey the orders of your 
superiors, or shiver and starve and die 
outside the door of our lodge." Such 
in plain English is the real attitude of 
the more than six hundred lodges in 
Boston toward the needy and suffering 
poor. These night vampires are suck- 
ing the very life blood out of the Chris- 
tian and really philanthropic benevo- 
lences of our city by their dues and as- 
sessments, while by a promiscuous asso- 

November, 1902. 



ciation of inexperienced members with 
others less scrupulous in morals, they 
present a most favorable opportunity for 
the disguised villain to ply his deceptive 
arts under immunity from exposure to 
the scorn and contempt of public cen- 
sure. By lowering the Christian stand- 
ard of morality and substituting clan- 
nishness for catholicity, they pollute the 
fountain of unselfish benevolence, and 
rapidly augment the dependent and 
pauper classes. 

How to meet and repel the invasions 
of the lodge upon the church has be- 
come a serious question with many 
thoughtful pastors. They see and de- 
plore the evil but do not know how it 
may best be removed. 

Among the organized movements in 
Boston, the New England Christian 
Association only makes a specialty of 
exposing the false pretenses of the 
secret orders, and opposing their ag- 
gressive movements. It has been quiet- 
ly at work, until it has gained a recog- 
nition from many who have not publicly 
identified themselves with the cause. 
Like every advance against prevailing 
evils it has encountered vigorous oppo- 
sition, but like the bush in the wilder- 
ness, it is not consumed. "Strong in the 
Lord, and in the power of his might," 
it is planning for vigorous work, and 
seeking increased facilities for reaching 
the people and saving the young men 
who are especially exposed to these al- 
luring arts. 

A permanent location, with books, 
tracts and an audience room, are neces- 
sities for attaining the largest measure 
of success. Without these equipments 
the progress will be slow and the work 
very much less effective. 

Appreciating the pressing needs of 
the cause and desiring to do his full 
share towards meeting those needs, 
Hon. George Buck put $10,000 within 
reach of the friends, if only they re- 
spond to his offer with corresponding 
liberality. The conditions are familiar 
to the readers of the Home Light, and 
it only remains now to meet those 
conditions, secure the bequest and in- 
vest the $25,000 in a home and head- 
quarters as directed in the will of Mr. 
Buck. After much and prayerful study 
the following has been accepted as a 

practicable plan for completing the re- 
quired amount of $4,384 at the earliest 
date possible. 

While it is our hope to secure the 
major part of the sum derived by a 
number of large gifts from a few gener- 
ous children of God who shall give out 
of their abundance, we desire to raise at 
least one thousand dollars by the 
smaller gifts of the generous many not 
able to give large amounts. We want 
a large number of his people to feel 
that they have a part in this endeavor 
and that the)' own a few bricks in the 
building. Mites are mighty. Many 
mickles make a muckle. If one blow 
of a thousand pounds momentum will 
rend a given rock, a hundred blows of 
ten pounds momentum each will rend it 
also. A thousand dollars from one per- 
son is no more than, one dollar each 
from a thousand persons, and it is better 
to have the loving interest and the earn- 
est prayers of a thousand persons than 
the interest and prayers of one person. 
We desire that this endeavor be a popu- 
lar one, so send in your gifts in one, 
five, ten dollars, or as the Lord has given 
you the ability. You will receive a re- 
ceipt by mail, and your gift with your 
initials will be acknowledged in the 
next issue of the Home Light. You 
have frequently testified as to your- in- 
terest in this work, here is an oppor- 
tunity to manifest that interest in a 
tangible way. 

One hundred and sixteen dollars have 
been received in sums of from one to 
twenty-five dollars, and one pledge of 
five hundred dollars. Will not others 
decide and report soon that the work 
be not hindered? 

James P. Stoddard, 
Cor. Sec. N. E. C. A., 74 Appleton St., 

Boston, Mass. 


What Are Their Natural Fruits? 


By their fruits ye shall know thoin.— Matt, 
vii.. 20. 

While in the city of Denver, Colo., 
during the years of 1890 and 1801, hav- 
ing to pass as I went to my place of 
worship a large Catholic church, and 



November, 1902. 

seeing the large number of children and 
older people, I was often moved to help 
them in some way, so I conceived the 
idea of sprinkling a little salt in the foun- 
tain that perchance the stream might be 

Fruits of Romanism, 

Going one Sabbath afternoon to the 
home of the officiating priest with some 
good literature, which I intended to give 
him, on ringing the bell an aged woman 
met me and informed me that the rever- 
end was in New York, and that 
he would not return for two weeks 
or more. She received me pleas- 
antly, and I handed my papers to her, 
requesting her to read them, which she 
promised me she would do. Knowing 
that Protestant literature does not fare 
well when once in the hands of the sub- 
jects of the Pope, I added that the pieces 
were choice productions and I would call 
for them in two weeks ; that I did not 
want to lose them. 

In about two weeks I returned for 
them. The reverend had not yet re- 
turned; the aged lady again met me at 
the door, and so soon as she recognized 
me, "her countenance fell." She looked 
upon me much as one would who had 
lost a son at my hands — a murderer, her 
tongue running at a very wild rate and 
in- a savage manner. I found space 
enough to begin asking for the papers I 
had left, when she declared she had 
burned them. "What !" she exclaimed, 
"do you think I would keep such stuff 
in my house over night." "Why," I 
said, "I prized the pieces and told you 
I did not wish to lose them." She talked 
on, the door began to close, and think- 
ing there was no use to protract matters 
I turned away. This was my first lesson, 
I think, in that quarter. An object les- 
son, indeed. 

I reflected: Here is an old woman, 
perhaps 80 years old, probably a Catho- 
lic from her childhood, raised in the 
church of Rome, trained in the doc- 
trines, usages and religion of Rome. A 
mother of the priest, often heard his 
words as he worshiped before the altar, 
partook of the best he had to offer to his 
people, associated with him in his home. 
He was reputed to be a learned, liberal 
and clean priest, one that had the cour- 
age to withstand his bishop on the 

"school question" and plead for the pub- 
lic schools. 

Surely we might justly expect to find 
in this woman the natural fruits of the 
church to which she belonged. I found 
them. With no just grounds for provo- 
cation, I found anger, hatred, bitterness, 
a loose, wild, bitter, savage tongue, a 
disregard of her promises and the prop- 
erty of others, evincing an utter lack of 
Christian love and human regard. 

Fruits of Masonry. 

For many years I have known a good 
deal of Freemasonry — the first three de- 

My experience among them has been 
this — though I speak kindly and guard- 
edly of Masonry as it is, using their own 
books, they almost invariably become 
angry, resort to abuse, and sometimes to 
blows and worse. This I find to be true 
of its oldest and most faithful members. 
They will leave the worship of God, to 
bow before the altar of the order. This 
is notorious, a matter of history. And 
many other like things they do. But 
their madness and abuse I conceive to 
be the direct and natural result of the 
order. They take the oath to "conceal 
and never reveal the secrets" of Mason- 
ry. They ignorantly take it, and blindly 
adhere to this oath. Now, when I tell 
the truth about Masonry they are bound 
by their obligation, they think, to "con- 
ceal," and when they find themselves 
beaten they become angry and profane. 

O how many good husbands and citi- 
zens Masonry has destroyed ! If they 
are at all honest, though ignorant, they 
will soon believe the vagaries and lies 
of Masonry to be true. They believe a 

This is the legitimate and natural fruit 
of Masonry in the soul. 

Fruit9 of Christianity. 

Now it is plain that instead of Roman- 
ism and Masonry measuring up to 
Christianity or running parallel with it 
they run "in a direct line away from 
Christianity. So the nearer one lives to 
Masonry or to Roman Catholicism ,the 
more he is in opposition and the farther 
away he is from Christianity. 

Christianity enlightens the mind, 
changes the moral nature from wicked- 
ness to holiness, saves from anger, envy, 
malice and all sin, fits one morally and 

November, 1902. 



intellectually for life, death and heaven. 
It makes good citizens, husbands and 
fathers, who are truthful in all their 
communications ; honest in all their 
deals with all men. 

"Every tree that my heavenly Father 
hath not planted shall be rooted up," 
Christ alone is the Savior of men. 


William Miller was murdered in a 
lodge in Belfast, Ireland, in 1813. The 
particulars of this tragic affair were giv- 
en by Samuel G. Anderton, an eye wit- 
ness, lately, on affidavit before John W. 
Quincy, a notary public in Boston, and 
has been corroborated by Agnes Bell, 
also by affidavit in the same city, as hav- 
ing seen and known the murdered man, 
and also by others in Vermont, Michi- 
gan Territory, New York and Philadel- 
phia. The fact of Mr. Miller's murder 
has been amply proved out of the lodge ; 
we will give the particulars of the fact 
from Anderton's affidavit, with a few 
preliminary and brief remarks as to how 
Anderton came to see the deed. 

Anderton is a native of Marblehead — 
went to sea from that town — was in the 
West India trade — was taken by the 
French and confined seven weeks in 
Guadaloupe — was released — continued 
to sail in trading vessels to England and 
other places. Subsequently to Belfast, 
Ireland, where, remaining some time, he 
became a Mason of three degrees ; be- 
came acquainted with William Miller 
and a friend of his named James Ken- 
nedy — returned to America — sailed for 
Portugal and back, and, the war taking 
place, then engaged as prizemaster on 
board a privateer — was captured — re- 
leased — again shipped, and, subsequent- 
ly, with the vessel, captured and carried 
to Portsmouth, England — was there 
confined on board the prison ship Glory, 
but, through Masonry, permitted to es- 
cape. He made his way to Belfast, Ire- 
land, to see his old acquaintances, in 
the spring of 1813. We will here let 
himself tell the tale of horror : 

"I went to Belfast — called on my ac- 
quaintances, and some of them spoke 
very highly in favor of the upper degrees 
of Masonry. This excited my curiosity ; 

and I was induced, by the representa- 
tions of the great advantages, as well as 
knowledge to be derived from them, to 
offer myself again as .a candidate. 1 
found that William Miller had become 
a Royal Arch, and I believe James Ken- 
nedy was a Knight Templar. I recol- 
lect that on the 4th of June, which was 
the king's birthday, I conversed with 
Miller on the subject. He told me the 
Masons *had offered to make him a 
Knight Templar free of expense, and 
that Kennedy had urged him very 
strongly to attend that evening, 'which,' 
he said, 'to please him (Kennedy) he 
had agreed to do.' I thought he spoke 
rather coldly upon the subject, and said 
nothing in favor of the institution. How- 
ever, as I had agreed to go, I went. The 
whole number of Masons there, of all 
degrees, was seventy-one or seventy- 
two". That night I took the degrees of 
Arch, Royal Arch and Knight Templar. 
The number of Knight Templars in the 
Encampment was about a dozen. I 
have since heard of the degrees of Mark 
Master, Past Master, and Most Excel- 
lent Master; but I heard nothing said 
about such degrees there. 

"Soon after I was dubbed a Knight 
Templar, and during the same evening, 
I was told that a Mason would be there 
who had violated his obligations by say- 
ing that Jachin and Boaz was a true 
book, and something else, they said, he 
had done about that book, or told about 
•Masonry, that I cannot distinctly recol- 
lect. They said he had broken his oaths 
— called him a damned, perjured wretch 
— said that he had forfeited his life, and 
ought not to live anv longer among 
men or Masons, and so on, and appeared 
in great rage. The number of Masons 
then present in the Chapter, I should 
think, was from thirty-five to forty, who 
had taken the Royal Arch and Knight 
Templar degrees. 

"I should have been very glad to have 
cleared out and left the room, could 1 
have been indulged that privilege. Bui 
was told, 'that is never allowed on such 
occasions.' We were ordered to east 
lots to see who should officiate as exe- 
cutioners. The names of all present 
were put into an urn, and what were 
called blanks and prizes were put into 
another urn. I have since had suspi- 



November, 1902. 

cions that some unfairness was used in 
this drawing ; for it was so managed that 
the lot fell on three foreigners — that is, 
on one Swede, one Dane, and myself ! ! ! 
The Swede and Dane were both strong, 
athletic men — masters of vessels and 
strangers to me. I canot say which was 
drawn first, next, or last, for I was 
struck with horror and astonishment 
that I cannot describe. My life has of- 
ten been exposed to great p*eril and 
danger; I have been twice shipwrecked, 
and several times met the enemies of 
my country in bloody combat, amidst 
the roar of cannons and the groans of 
dyirig men ; but I can truly say that I 
never felt as at that moment. Amidst 
all my other dangers, I felt that I was 
doing my duty ; but this I considered 
would be murder in cold blood. I found 
by the conversation that the man who 
was there to suffer death was the same 
William Miller before mentioned. I told 
them that I could not do it. I begged 
and entreated — told them I had as lief 
have mv own throat cut as commit such 
an act. My feelings were so distressed, 
and I expressed myself in such a manner 
that after some time I was excused. 
The Swede and Dane, according to my 
best remembrance, did not object. Sev- 
eral others said 'they would help to exe- 
cute any one who broke his obligations ; 
that every Mason ought to help to do it/ 
or words to that effect. 

"They had a canvass cloth cap or bag 
to £ut over his head and to come down . 
a little below the chin, rigged with small 
ropes, or strong cords, fixed in the low- 
er part of it, so as to slip easily, that 
when the cap was on and the cords 
drawn each way, right and left, the cap 
would be gathered tight under the chin 
so as to shut his mouth and at the same 
time draw so close round his neck and 
throat as to strangle him. 

"It was now at the black hour of mid- 
night. The executioners took their sta- 
tion a little to the left of the High Priest 
(or Grand Master, who presided). Mr. 
Miller was then led into the room, some- 
what in the condition that candidates 
usually are. He was hoodwinked — his 
coat off, but as far as I recollect he was 
not divested of his other garments. Mr. 
Miller was, no doubt, decoyed in by the 

promise of being made a Knight Temp- 
plar free of expense, and under the mask 
of friendship. Poor fellow! he little 
thought what was in preparation for 

"He was led along slowly from the 
west up near his executioners, when 
some one said, 'Who comes there ! who 
comes there ! !' The answer was bawled 
out as they seized him,' 'a damned traitor 
who has broken his Masonic obliga- 
tions !' With that he exclaimed, f O my 
God ! are you going to murder me ! O 
my wife ! my children !' The agony, the 
strong struggle, and the half utterance 
of these words, and the final shriek as 
the cap went over his head and face, 
piecred me to the heart, and was 
enough, as I should think, to soften the 
hearts of savages, if they had not taken 
Masonic oaths. Those horrid sounds of 
the tortured victim seem still to ring in 
mine ears. No sooner was the murder- 
ous cap down over his face and his whole 
head enveloped, than, at the same in- 
stant, the Swede and Dane appeared to 
spring with all their might and strength, 
drawing each in opposite directions, by 
the ropes or cords around his neck ! ! 
Poor Miller, after the most frantic strug- 
gles, like a person in a fit, then settled 
down to the floor in the most dreadful 
convulsions. Other Masons fell on him, 
while the Swede and Dane, bracing their 
feet against his body, still pulled by the 
cords ! There, while struggling on the 
floor, they cut his throat ! and then his 
left side and breast open so as to show 
his heart ! ! Some very few Masons 
present seemed by their looks to ex- 
press some sympathy and compassion, 
while the rest, using the most profane, 
revengeful language,, with their fists 
clenched, grinned with horrid approba- 
tion ! 

"The body was then carried down- 
stairs, while several Masons kept watch 
for fear of detection, and was thrown 
over into Lime Kiln Dock ! ! I got 
away from this scene of Masonic murder 
as soon as possible, with the most awful 

"Before I left Belfast I heard by com- 
mon report that the body was taken up 
the next day and that a coroner's in- 
quest decided that William Miller was 

November, 1902. 



murdered by persons unknown — or 
something to that effect." 

The character of Mr. Anderton is so 
good that his enemies cannot point to 
in act of his life to bring reproach upon 
him. Since, he has been generally 
abused as a perjured wretch, and Mrs. 
Bell has been induced, through the Ma- 
sons and her husband, to give a counter 
statement to that previously given by 
her — The Sun Anti-Masonic Almanac, 



Secrets to sell, secrets to sell! 
Secrets no human tongue dare tell! 
•Come pay the fees and gain the prize; 
No fraud is seen by "hoodwinked" eyes. 

Come march around this "sacred" hall, 
And hearken to the "Master's call;" 
From "west to east" your pathway lies, 
In search of light with "hoodwinked eyes." 

From "west to east, from east to west," 
The new "hoodwinked" Masonic guest, 
Around, around in search of light, 
Doth travel in a sorry plight. 

Low he bows before the altar, 
Cable towed with hempen halter; 
Then swear upon his naked knee 
To keep the things he cannot see. 

And now to close this bargain dear 
They bid the "hoodwinked never fear;" 
For soon from darkness into light 
They will restore his blinded sight. 

And now they form upon the square, 
And with profanity they dare 
To use the living words of God, 
Not fearing his avenging rod. 

The Master says, "Let there be light!" 
They clap and stamp with all their might, 
And give the Grand Masonic shock. 
Like blasting some tremendous rock. 

And now the "hoodwinked" sees too late 
The hardness of his fettered fate; 
His money's gone, his conscience bound; 
But not a secret has been found. 

He sees at once he has been cheated: 
All search for light has been defeated. 
And find, to him, 'tis not so funny 
Thus to be swindled of his money. 

'Tis true, they say, "Your Light is little. 
And what you've paid is a mere tittle; 
But mount the ladder higher still, 
And you with light we then will fill." 

He pays his fees and higher rises, 
In search of all Masonic prizes. 
Until his senses, steeped in night, 
All darkness he imagines light. 

And then he struts around the earth, 
Proud of his new Masonic worth, 
And hopes by his Masonic love, 
To gain the blest Grand Lodge above. 

And thus deluded on he goes, 
Proud of the steps by which he rose, 
Not knowing that those steps do end 
Where hope and mercy never blend. 

Secrets to tell, secrets to tell! 
Will then ring through the deepest hell, 
And the shriek of utter despair 
Forever disclose the secrets there. 

Secrets to tell, secrets to tell! 
Resounding through the depths of hell; 
We've paid the fees and gained the prize; 
The "hoodwinked" soul forever dies. 


About the middle of September, 1902, 
the Sovereign Grand Lodge of the I. 
O. O. F. of the world convened in Des 
Moines, Iowa, and published the follow- 
ing figures : 

"Since 1830 there has been 2,544,120 
members initiated into the subordinate 
lodge ; 252,350 members died. This 
would leave 2,291,770 members in the 
order, or otherwise disposed of." 

The same report shows the entire 
membership of the order in the world at 
present as 1,002,272; this is a falling off 
in the aggregate of 1,228,498. In other 
words, 33,876 Odd Fellows have dropped 
out of the order in the past seventy-two 
years in excess of those who remained 
in, and died in the order. Men do not 
leave "a good thing'' in such numbers ; 
especially when they have made a finan- 
cial investment therein. 

The same report gives the following 
figures on finances: Total revenue. 
$240430,422.21 ; total relief, $192,665,- 
214.47. This would leave on hand or 
expended in running the business $47,- 



November, 1902. 

.765,207.74. Of this surplus revenue 
$29,952,769.38 is invested, leaving $17,- 
812,437.36 for taking care of the insti- 
tution. We also notice that there was 
a total of 2,544,120 members initiated; 
and the total revenues therefrom was 
$240,430,422.21, or an average of $90.60 
per member; then we have 1,288,498 
members who neither died nor are mem- 
bers now, which at $90.60 would mean 
$116,437,918.80 taken from one class of 
men to donate to another. Do they call 
this "Friendship, Love and Truth ?" 

It may be urged that those who drop 
out do not pay as much as those who 
continue faithful to the end. True ; but 
, I can say from pergonal experience that 
my expenses in the order amounted to 
more than $90.60 before I quit it. Had 
the Good Samaritan which Christ tells 
us about in the parable, waited to go 
through the tomfoolery and monkeylike 
work of an Odd Fellow's initiation he 
would not have found a live Jew by the 
walls of Jericho. If it were not for the 
secrecy of initiation, and that human 
sense of mirthfulness at seeing a fellow 
mortal's embarrassment under difficul- 
ties, no one would think of perpetuating 
this fraud upon friendship, love and 
truth, which has filched from the un- 
wary. $116,437,918.80 to have a good 
time. J. J. Bruce. 

Rolfe, Iowa, Sept. 27, 1902. 


Translated from the French of M. De Pradt, 
the Retired Roman Catholic Archbishop of 
Malinesj France, Then and Afterward a 
Professedly Devoted Adherent to the 
Church of Rome— Written in 1825. 


i. Jesuitism was legalized by the bull 
of Pope Paul III., in 1540. Its inventor, 
Ignatius (Loyola) triumphed over all 
the opposition which was made to his 
scheme by adding a novel vow to those 
which were then professed by the mon- 
astic orders. To the three vows, "to 
maintain chastity, obedience and pov- 
erty," Ignatius subjoined unqualified 
submission to the Sovereign Pontiff. 
Hence the government of the Jesuits is 
an absolute monarchy ; for everything 
is decided by the sole decree of the chief 
of the Jesuits, their "General." Ignatius 

was the first, and Lainez the second, 
Master of the order. In the Council of 
Trent, Lainez contended that the coun- 
cil had no right to reform the court of 
Rome ; that annats and taxes were paid 
to the Pope by divine right ; and that 
Jesus Christ, having the authority* to 
dispense with all sorts of laws, the Pope, 
his Vicar, has the same authority. 

The Jesuits speedily established them- 
selves in Europe, Asia, and America ; 
penetrated into all classes of society ; 
wheedled the people by the exterior 
forms . of devotion, and applied them- 
selves above all things to cajole. the 
great. By this means they acquired vast 
power and ruled their masters. 

In one of the French colleges, over 
the altar, they placed a famous painting 
which illustrated their ambitious 
schemes. The church was represented 
as a ship, on board of which appeared 
the Pope, cardinals, prelates and all the 
Papal hierarchy, while the rudder was 
held by the Jesuits. 

At a very early period after the es- 
tablishment of the order, the civil and 
ecclesiastical authorities of France pro- 
claimed that "the society was dangerous 
to the Christian faith, disturbers of the 
peace, and more fitted to corrupt than to 

The Jesuits were implicated in the 
assassination of Henry III. of France ; 
planned the Spanish Armada ; often con- 
trived the death of Elizabeth of Eng- 
land; invented the Gunpowder plot ; in- 
stigated the murder of Henry IV. of 
France ; impelled the revocation of the 
edict of Nantes ; ruined James II., and, 
in short, were commingled with all the 
atrocities and miseries which desolated 
Europe during nearly two hundred 
years. So atrocious, extensive and con- 
tinual were their crimes that they were 
expelled, either partially or generally, 
from all the different countries of Eu- 
rope at intervals prior to the abolition 
of the order* in 1773, thirty-nine times 
— -a fact unparalleled in the history of 
any other body of men ever known in 
the world. This is the seal of reproba- 
tion stamped upon Jesuitism. 

What crimes among governments 

*But is still (1898) in active existence, 
curbed by its unsavory reputation. 

November, 1902. 



have they not committed ! What chi- 
canery in courts and families ! What 
knavery, despotism and audacity in vio- 
lating covenants, defying power, and fal- 
sifying truth and right ! With them the 
hydra of contest never ceased. Ambig- 
uous and evasive subleties of language 
always permitted them to choose that 
which promoted their interests. The 
choice of means never embarrassed 
them. Everything was rectified by the 
doctrine of intention. In all places they 
would exclusively rule ; and as abettors 
of every species of despotism, in all 
times and situations, they have only 
loaded the nations with an insupportable 
yoke, and fettered them in the most gall- 
ing chains. 

What other monastic order ever real- 
ized thirty-nine expulsions, and yet by 
their artifices could procure the restora- 
tion of their craft ? What other order of 
men ever saw their dogmas, tens ol 
thousands of the very vilest doctrines, 
condemned by courts of justice, and cen- 
sured by universities and theologians? 
What other order was ever so implicated 
in the grandest crimes of treason and 
tragedies of blood, both public and pri- 
vate, and has continued, during its whole 
existence, to live at war with all man- 

2. Why have the Jesuits been so long 
tolerated? They subjugated Europe, 
through America, by their intrigues. 
Thev entered into the necessities of the 
times ; by their prodigious profusion 
and their restless activity they were uni- 
versally present ; by their haughty oppo- 
sition to the Reformation they gained 
the affections of the Romans (Catholics), 
who beheld in them the most ardent 
champions of their faith and the most 
fearless opponents of their enemies. The 
Jesuits inherited the maxim of Tiberius, 
and always have said and acted in con- 
formity to it — "Let them hate, so that 
they dread us.'' 

3. The instructions of the Jesuits have 
been developed by Pascal ; in the decrees 
of the Sorbonne ; the censures of univer- 
sities ; the denunciation of parliaments, 
and the Papal condemnation. The num- 
ber of authors approved by the Jesuits 
who have written upon various subjects 
in direct opposition to all religion and 
morals is three hundred and twenty-six : 

all of which works are admitted as in- 
fallible authorities on every casuistical 
question. Of these, upon probable opin- 
ions, were fifty; philosophical sin, invin- 
cible ignorance, and an erroneous con- 
science, thirty-three ; simony, fourteen ; 
blasphemy and sacrilege, seven ; irrelig- 
ion, thirty-five ; immodesty, seventeen ; 
perjury and false witness, twenty-eight ; 
prevarication of judges, five ; theft, se- 
cret compensation and concealment xyi 
property, thirty-three ; homicide, thirty- 
six ; treason, sixty-eight. These three 
hundred and twenty-six most wicked 
and dangerous publications Were con- 
demned, at different periods, by forty 
universities, one hundred prelates, three 
provincial synods, seven general assem- 
blies, and forty-eight decrees, briefs, 
apostolic letters and Papal bulls from 

4. The spirit of liberty and equal 
rights, of commerce, of industry, and of 
occupations beneficial to society, must 
be contrary to Jesuitism, for there are 
no points of contact between them. To 
that spirit Jesuitism is totally hostile, in 
all its doctrines, usages, members and 
associations. He who mentions an 
armed despotism against freedom, intel- 
ligence and prosperity, names Jesuitism, 
which ever has been the inseparable 
companion of force and absolute power. 

Vallestigny, deputy of Alva, present- 
ed to Ferdinand, at that time King of 
Spain, this address: "The mass of the 
human family are born, not to govern, 
but to be governed. This sublime em- 
ployment of governing has been con- 
fided by providence to the privileged 
class, whom he has placed upon an em- 
inence to which the multitude cannot 
rise without being lost in the labyrinth 
and snares which are therein found." 
This is the doctrine of Jesuitism ; and its 
most active and undisguised organ thus 
advised royalty in France and Spain: 
"Never embark upon the stormy sea of 
deliberative assemblies ; nor surrender 
your absolute character and authority." 

Agreeably to this dogma, the Jesuits 
proscribe general instruction because it 
is too favorable to the progress of intel- 
ligence among the people. They main- 
tain that public tuition should ho re- 
mitted entirely to the Romish clergy, for 
boys, and to the nuns for the girls. They 



November, 1902. 

affirm that the liberty of the press is 
Pandora's box, and the source of all 
evil. They denounce vaccination as too 
favorable to population. They desire 
that the people should be less numer- 
ous and less instructed. They wish 
that all the feudal systems should be 
restored, that they may partake of its 
absolute power, and they would make 
Romanism the basis of society, that its 
worship and its priests may be support- 
ed. Thus Jesuitism is the sworn enemy 
of the progress of light and liberty ; it 
claims entire despotism and unrestricted 

Popery, and especially Jesuitism, by 
the instrumentality of the priesthood, 
takes possession of all that constitutes 
human life. It lays its iron hand upon 
all civil relations. That this is the in- 
evitable result of the system which ever 
subsists in the court of Rome is mani- 
fest from a recent public document. 

Pope Pius VII., in a rescript ad- 
dressed to his nuncio at Venice, asserts 
his pontifical right to depose sovereigns ; 
but he adds : "Although it is not always 
convenient to exercise the jurisdiction." 

The Jesuits are a body of men whose 
political principles are so dangerous that 
they have been excluded from almost 
every country in which they were resi- 
dents ; and this act was full of sound 
policy and wise preservation. I say, 
banish them ! 

Has Jesuitism ever opposed any one 
of the long-existing thousand scourges 
of human society? Has Jesuitism ever 
amended the condition of hospitals, or 
purified or adorned cities? Did Jesuit- 
ism ever demand the abolition of the 
torture, the Bastile, monastic pollutions, 
or the Inquisition? Are mankind in- 
debted to Jesuitism for their modern 
regeneration, the emancipation of 
Greece, and the independence of Amer- 

5. What benefits can Jesuitism produce ? 
Public instruction in England, Holland, 
the north of Europe, Germany, and the 
United States of America, is placed be- 
yond its control. The advantages which 
may be expected to accrue to civil socie- 
ty from the restoration of Jesuitism are 
written in its code of immoralitv and in 
the empire which it has exercised ever 
the interior of families. Who can ac- 

curately comprehend the full degree of 
that tyranny which it exercised over 
domestic society when it swayed the 
entire minds and hearts of women and 
servants, controlled youth and remained 
master of the household. Jesuitism is a 
familiar devil, who enters the house 
crawling in the dust, and ends by com- 
manding with lordly haughtiness — a do- 
mestic tyrant which it was impossible 
to expel after it was once admitted. 
Therefore boldly unfold these facts to 
your families : Shut your doors against 
the Jesuits, or renounce all hope of 
peace. Jesuitism is the leaven which 
will incessantly ferment and embitter 

(To be continued.) 


Men in Night Shirts, and Sober, Perhaps? 
Thus Hail Hewett. 

''Installation of George F. Hewett, 32 , 
T.\ P.\ Gr.\ Master."' ' 

"'Mightv Lord! Heavenly King.'— 

The above appeared in the order of 
ceremonies at the installation of the re- 
cently appointed officers of the Masonic 
lodge of Perfection, which occurred 
Thursday night. 

It makes funny reading, doesn't it? 
George F. Hewett, "thrice potent grand 
master," T.\ P.'. Gr.\ M., with three fly 
specks in pyramid form, hailed as 
"Mighty Lord, Heavenly King." Of 
course, it's all right. If the city con- 
tains a "Mighty Lord and Heavenly 
King," he cannot be hailed any too 
quickly. It is probably safe to say that 
the majority of people, if it was left to 
them to hail a "Mighty Lord and Heav- 
enly King," would not hail as above. A 
good many people would demur if they 
imagined their "Mighty Lord and Heav- 
enly King" ran a wholesale liquor es- 
tablishment at the corner of Foster and 
Waldo streets. This is the first instance, 
probably, in which a "Mighty Lord and 
Heavenly King" has been in the rum 

This "Mighty Lord'.' part of the title 
every one will understand, for Mr. Hew- 
ett to-day is by far the most powerful 
of all rum lords'in this city. "The Heav- 

November, 1902. 



enly King" is a trifle obscure. The two 
don't appear to dovetail together. There 
may be some potent influence in the 
three fly specks in pyramid form (T.\ 
P.". Gr.\ Master) between the letters fol- 
lowing Mr. Hewett's name, which har- 
monizes the "Mighty Lord and Heav- 
enly King." 

In the way of remarkable things, 
probably nothing has been quite so 
striking since Morgan disappeared, as 
that a gathering of gentlemen clothed 
in their right minds should stand up in 
night shirts and hail George F. Hewett 
as a "Mighty Lord, Heavenly King." It 
is a peculiar proceeding for such gentle- 
men .to choose for their "thrice potent 
grand master" and "Mighty Lord and 
Heavenly King," a man who through 
the rum traffic is squeezing every cent 
he can out of the city, and who climbs 
up the ladder of Masonry that he may 
get a still more potent grip for his busi- 
ness. When Mr. Hewett can go Rev. 
J. F. Lovering 14 better, and be hailed 
as "Mighty Lord and Heavenly King," 
it looks a little queer to people who do 
not understand the mysteries of Mason- 
ry, and if there is any inference to be 
drawn from it, it is that Rev. Mr. Lov- 
ering, if he wishes to advance in the 
order, should resign his pastorate to-day 
and start a wholesale liquor store. 32 
must of course indicate greater perfec- 
tion than 1 8°. Give the gospel a chance ! 
The gentleman who preaches peace is 
apparently of little account, relatively, 
while the man who is the main stay of 
the unlicensed rumsellers, and who has 
reduced to a science the study of how 
to get the last possible cent out of Wor- 
cester in exchange for rum, is hailed by 
men in sober senses, perhaps, by such 
salutations as "Mighty Lord! Heavenly 

If he could fix it so that he could rob 
twice the number of families of comfort- 
able food and clothing, would these peo- 
ple who sang to him the other night put 
a crown on him? Perhaps that is why 
nature or rum usually keeps his visage 
decorated with most strangely mottled 
colors ; royal purple, the brightest yellow 
and heavy green being often scattered 
about his face in irregular spots. These, 
it seems, are kingly emblems — Worces- 

ter (Mass.) Daily Telegram, Feb. 10, 

We wish to thank the friends who 
have been sending in their orders for 
the new book, "Modern Secret Socie- 
ties." Let us hear from many others 
during November. Get it for a holiday 
present. No money required now. See 
advertisement on third page of cover. 

Affections should not bind the soul, 
but enfranchise it. Through them it 
should know larger, deeper, higher life. 
They should be to it as wings by which 
it mounts. A friend comes as an am- 
bassador from the heavens. 

The late breakfast, the morning paper 
that did not come, the rainy day, the con- 
tradiction, the snub, the slight — these are 
the termites that eat out our character, 
the little foxes that spoil the grapes. — 
Maltbie D. Babcock, D. D. 

Disappointment is like a sieve. 
Through its coarse meshes the small am- 
bitions and hopes and endeavors of a 
soul are sifted out relentlessly. But the 
things that are big enough not to fall 
through are not in the least affected by 
it. It is only a test, not a finality. — W 7 ell- 

It is part of my religion to look well 
after the cheerfulness of life, and let the 
dismals shift for themselves, believing 
with good Sir Thomas More that it is 
wise to be "merrie in God." — Louisa M. 

Our best things come to us as gifts, 
with a singular suddenness and unex- 
pectedness, and yet some sense of famil- 
iarity, too, as though they had belonged 
to us while we knew it not. — George S. 

Few delights can equal the mere pres- 
ence of one whom we trust utterly. — 
George Macdonald. 

Let us labor to make the heart grow 
larger as we become older, as the 
spreading oak gives more shelter. — 
Richard Jeffries. 



November, 1902. 



She loved her Saviour, and to him 
Her costliest present brought ; 

To crown his head, or grace his name, 
No gift too rare she thought. 

So let the Saviour be adored, 

And not the poor despised, 
Give to the hungry from your hoard, 

But all, give all to Christ. 

Go, clothe the naked, lead the blind, 

Give to the weary rest ; 
For sorrow's children comfort find, 

And help foi all dlstress'd ; 

But give to Christ alone thy heart, 
Thy faith, thy love supreme; 

Then for his sake thine alms impart, 
And so give all to him. 



November, 1002. 






PRICE.— Per year, in advance, $1.00; three months, on 
trial, twenty-five cents; single copies, 10 cents. 

DISCONTINUANCES. — We find that a large number 
of our subscribers prefer not to have tbeir sub- 
scriptions interrupted and their flies broken in 
case they fail to remit before expiration, it is 
therefore assumed, unless notification to discon- 
tinue is received, that the subscriber wishes no 
interruption in his series. Notification to dis- 
continue at expiration can be sent In at any 
time during the year. 

PRESENTATION COPIES.— Many persons subscribe 
to friends. In such cases, if we are advised that 
a subscription is a present and not regularly 
authorized by the recipient, we will make a 
memorandum to discontinue at expiration, and 
to send no bill for the ensuing year. 

Address all letters per aining to the 
Christian Cynosure, or to the interests of 
the National Christian Association, to 
the general secretary and treasurer, 
Wm. I. Phillips, 221 West Madison 
Street, Chicago, III. 


brought the greetings of the New En- 
gland Association. 

The Independent Women Voters 
tendered their congratulations through 
Mrs. Sarah J. Boyden, and Mrs. Hill 
spoke for the New England Helping 
Hand Society. 

Mr. Stoddard expressed his thanks, 
and then came presentations of books 
from the Helping Hand Society, a purse 
of gold from the Ingleside Corporation 
and flowers from Mrs. George Rich. 
Refreshments were then served. — Bos- 
ton Herald, Sept. 25, 1902. 

Rev* James P. Stoddard has put in the 
principal portion of his lifetime in wak- 
ing up the people to a higher moral tone 
of sentiment. People asleep despise the 
tocsin. Drowsiness is antagonistic to the 
coming footfall of a heavy weight and 
the stentorian tones of a voice from the 
wilderness crying, "Awake, thou that 
sleepest ! Arise from the dead ! Christ 
shall give thee light !" Such men are at 
times spoken against. But a quickened 
conscience and purer civilizations in 
coming ages will say, "Stoddard was 
right." His coadjutors were right. 
Charles Mackey said: 

Pace in thy cell, old Socrates, 

Cheerily to and fro. *i 

Be true to the triumph of thy soul 

And let the poison flow. 

Reception and Presentation to the Rev. and 

Mrs. James P. Stoddard in Shawmut 

Church, Boston. 

The Rev. and Mrs. James P. Stod- 
dard were given a reception last evening 
in the Shawmut Congregational Church 
parlors. They are prominent members 
of the congregation, and also of many 
organizations. It was the seventieth 
birthday of Mr. Stoddard, and as the 
guests of honor entered they were met 
by the "white squadron," a group of 
young ladies gowned in white. 

Miss Sadie Wing sang .a group of 
songs, and the pastor, Dr. McElveen, 
made an address of welcome. Dr. Plumb 
and. the Rev. Mr. Hersey spoke on be- 
half of the ministers of the city ; Mrs. 
Morton W. Plummer voiced the feelings 
of the Ingleside Home Corporation, of 
which Mrs. Stoddard is a member, and 
the Rev. Mr. McNoir. of Cambridge, 

They may call thee wizard and monk ac- 

May load thee with dispraise. 
Thou wast born five hundred years too soon 

For the comfort of thy days, 

But not too soon for humankind: 

God hath reward in store. 
And the demons of our sires become 

The saints whom we adore. 

To-day abhorred, to-morrow adored, 

Thus round and round we run, 
Till at last the right is proved to* be right 

And at last is justice done. 




Anyone wishing to invest in Des 
Moines, Iowa, property tor profit will 
do well to write to \Y. 1. Phillips. Gen- 
eral Secretary, 221 West Madison street, 



November, 1902. 


The Voice Review for July reported 
Grand Lodge proceedings, beginning 
with the annual communication of the 
Grand Lodge of New York. Seven hun- 
dred and fifty-three lodges were repre- 
sented. Is it any wonder that the politi- 
cal life of the state is corrupt, when the 
constant influence of so many lodges is 
operating? The Grand Master spoke of 
the God-given ties of home and kindred, 
placing next to them the ties of Masonic 

During the year two Masonio halls 
were dedicated and two new lodges in- 
stituted. There were six corner-stone 

Some changes of ritual were made, but 
for what purpose is not reported. Prob- 
ably not in order to bring about the re- 
form called for in Bishop Potter's ad- 
dress at Concord, N. H., but, perhaps, to 
vary a few words or phrases enough to 
enable Masons to say that the exposures 
are not correct. It was decided that the 
New York Grand Lodge, the leading one 
in America, would not be officially repre- 
sented in the "Universal Congress of 
Freemasons," at Geneva, Switzerland, 
Sept. ist, 1902. Geneva is to be pitied; 
but the regular carload of wine that is one 
of the streams poured into a triennial 
conclave, cannot go to Geneva Congress, 
unless after being reshipped. 

"Four cases of appeal were acted on. 
In the first case, the judgment of the 
lodge was reversed in all respects save 
one, and the sentence of four years sus- 
pension was reduced to a brief period." 

The report on correspondence admit- 
ted that the decision that "an application 
for affiliation must be made to the nearest 
lodge," was conformable to the consti- 
tution of New York Grand Lodge, but 
maintained that a Mason was generally 
held at liberty to select a lodge, and that 
he ought to be. A Mason expelled or 
declared clandestine in one grand juris- 
diction, should be so accounted in all 

Statistics showed that the Grand 
Lodges which had each more than 40,000 
members in present affiliation, were, New 
York, Illinois, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Mas- 
sachusetts and Michigan. 

In the United States and Canada over 

fourteen thousand were suspended for be- 
ing behind in payments. 

Mississippi reported in its Grand 
Lodge 291 lodges, with a "Grand Char- 
ity Fund" of a trifle over eleven hundred 

Kansas Grand Lodge ruled it unlawful 
for the "members of a lodge to form a 
'Masonic Dancing Club,' so called, and 
use the lodge room for dancing, inviting 
outsiders, because it is likely to intro- 
duce a subject of contention." No other 
reason than this is cited after that word 

It was also ruled, that "A petitioner for 
the mysteries must be 21 years old before 
he signs the petition." Such a rule would, 
if we remember rightly, have delayed 
Washington's initiation into the Entered 
Apprentice degree. 

The report on correspondence says, in 
speaking of a dispensation to act on ini- 
tiations without reference to a commit- 
tee : "Such waiving of time we consider 
reprehensible under any circumstances, 
but in the form here presented is especial- 
ly aggravating. If we must make Ma- 
sons 'while you wait,' at least let us pre- 
tend that we have made all necessary in- 
spection of the raw material, by requiring 
the usual report of investigation, even if 
it is made by the committee without pass- 
ing the Tyler's door after reference." 

It is affirmed that "Fraternity is but 
the handmaid of true religion, and no 
controversy exists between the true 
church and the Masonic lodge." Masonic 
definition of the terms "true religion" and 
"true church," would aid interpretation of 
this oracular pronouncement. More St. 
John's Day celebrations are advised, be- 
cause they "develop the social side of Ma- 
sonry among the families of Masons." 


Under the above caption a writer in the 
Masonic Review writes a eulogy of the 
institution which he believes to be enabled 
to live by the force of allegory and sym- 
bolism. He believes that it is the objec- 
tive quality of Masonry that appeals to 
men's minds. 

No doubt ceremonial elements and pic- 
turesque features charm many eyes. Many 
outside and even inside may be presumed 

November, 1902. 



to take the show seriously. Yet it is 
probably truer to reckon allegory and 
symbolism among reasons but not the 
only ones.. 

It is what he assumes to be the real 
life of Masonry which he traces to sym- 
bolism and allegory. He claims for Ma- 
sonry power to implant virtues and de- 
velop beliefs able to make worthy Ma- 
sons well-nigh perfect. He even claims 
that the world consequently "reaps from 
their lives the brightest Christian graces." 

Representing this as the whole of Ma- 
sonic life he attributes it to allegory and 

But it is far from the whole. Which 
allegory or symbol makes a Mason pro- 
fane ? Which one makes a triennial con- 
clave a carnival of debauchery and drink- 

What is the allegory that makes it a 
glaring part of Masonic life to falsify his- 
tory or biography? If symbolism ac- 
counts for the infidelity, licentiousness 
and other sins so prevalent among Ma- 
sons ; if allegory leads to the falsity and 
other evil qualities characteristic of a 
great part of Masonic life ; then the sym- 
bols need alteration or abolishment and the 
allegories need revising. There is a sec- 
tion of Masonic life that might still thrive 
if the alleged reasons were wanting; for 
there would still remain feathers, aprons 
and ribbons, with carloads of wine, ex- 
cursions, banquets and fulsome orations. 


Rock Island, *I11., Court Decides Fraternal 
Tribunes Not Liable for Injuries In- 
flicted During Initiation. 

Rock Island, 111., Oct 16, 1902.— (Special.)— 
Judge Gest in the Circuit Court this morning 
instructed the jury to return a verdict of not 
guilty in the case of Dr. C. William Sensi- 
baugh for $50,000 against the Fraternal Trib- 
unes, a beneficiary order. The plaintiff al- 
leged he was permanently disabled in the ini- 
tiation ceremony. The court held that the 
plaintiff was a willing participant in the cere- 
mony and that there was no Intention on the 
part of those associated with him to injure 
him.— ( 'liicago Tribune. 

The above case has been in the courts 
nearly three years. Most people will 
say on reading the decision of the judge 
that it serves the plaintiff right, that any 

man, fool enough to join a secret socie- 
ty, with its degrading horseplay, ought 
to suffer. However, to us, the decision 
seems unjust. Dr. Sensibaugh did not 
know what they were going to do to 
him, and the lodge, taking advantage of 
his ignorance and helplessness rendered 
him an invalid for life. The lodge ought 
to support him. If it was a humane in- 
stitution it would do so willingly, but 
as it will not it ought to be made to do 
so by the court. 

We publish below an editorial from 
The Cynosure of April, 1899: 

About the 18th of November, 1898, 
Dr. Wm. S. Sensibaugh, a dentist of 
Port Byron, 111., came near being killed 
during his initiation into a secret order 
"called the Fraternal Tribunes. While 
his eyes were bandaged, he was given 
such shocks from an electric battery that 
he will be a life-long sufferer from par- 
alysis, provided his life can be saved, 
which now appears doubtful. The Clin- 
ton, Iowa, Herald, thus reports his con- 
dition : 

"The sufferer is under the constant 
* care of Dr. Skinner, of Port Byron, and 
two male nurses are in attendance day 
and night. When one of the spells at- 
tack him his body suddenly becomes 
rigid, and his heart and lungs cease ac- 
tion ; if the nurses were not on hand he 
would die in one of these attacks. To re- 
store him to consciousness the nurses 
seize the patient around the waist, and, 
lifting him by working the diaphragm up 
and down, secure artificial respiration. It 
is most tedious labor for those in attend- 
ance, requiring fifteen minutes' exhaust- 
ive work before the sufferer opens his 
eyes like a man in a daze, and he slowly 
returns to consciousness. The young 
man's father and mother are heart- 
broken over the sad affliction that has 
befallen their boy. Every possible com* 
. fort and medical restorative is being sup- 
plied. That he has sustained a trouble 
from which he will be a life-long sufferer 
is the diagnosis of the physicians, though 
they hold out the comforting hope that 
his life may be spared for years yet, if he 
can be brought out of the present attack. 
The physicians say he will never be able 
to perform any manual labor and par- 
alysis will most likely set in and creep 
over its victim." 



November, 1902. 

The Omaha Sovereign Visitor, a se- 
cret society organ, publishes the above 
from the Herald, and adds : "The Vis- 
itor has no use for people who will use 
wicked means for introducing a candi- 
date, and hopes that those who took part 
in the affair will be made to understand 
that it is dangerous to monkey with the 
ritual. O shame ! where is thy blush I" 

Is ttiis all the punishment that the 
lodge would mete out to these criminals 
who have inflicted an injury worse than 
death, even a living death, upon a fellow 
man — simply that they "be made to un- 
derstand that it is dangerous to monkey 
with the ritual?" The Elks in Des 
Moines, Iowa, several years ago mon- 
keyed with the ritual in a similar manner, 
and destroyed the life of Edward W. 
Curry, one of the most talented lawyers 
in the State. The Knights of Pythias in 
this city two months ago monkeyed with 
the ritual and dethroned the reason, de- 
stroyed the life and filled with anguish 
and sorrow the home of Aaron Samuel- 
son, one of our highly esteemed citizens. 
And yet so powerful is the sway of this 
heathen barbarism in our land, that none 
of these awful crimes have been pun- 
ished. We emphatically declare that ev- 
ery one who participated in these crimes 
should be compelled to spend the re- 
mainder of their lives within the walls of 
a penitentiary. Every principle of jus- 
tice and every law human and divine re- 
quires this. Why is the penalty not en- 
forced? Because of the fearful domina- 
tion of the lodge over our courts. 


Opposes Organized Labor. 

"Instead of attempting to remedy or 
suppress, control or disturb that which 
has been a blessing, why not turn our 
attention to that which has been an evil 
and take a hand at suppressing organ- 
ized labor? 

"I regard organized labor as the great- 
est menace this country has to-day: It 
not only robs its own members of lib- 
erty, but is a constant menace to the 
lives, liberty and property of the people 
of the whole country. It has frequently 
been the cause of bloodshed and crime. 

It has caused famines in the necessities 
of life. It refuses to recognize brains, 
and it holds the capable, brainy member 
down with the dullard. It is a barrier 
to progress, it destroys energy and en- 
courages worthlesness and is a danger- 
ous thing which should be suppressed." 
— Chicago American. 

"An experience of years among the 
people and with union men as employ- 
es," writes a business man, "convinces 
me that a large proportion of the union 
men are not in sympathy with the 
unions. They are there as members, as 
a precaution against greater possible 
evils." He further says : "I had a boss 
plumber at work for me. He was a very 
capable man. But he was cursing the 
union between his teeth, because they 
would insist on running his business for 
him. I went out on business, and 
chanced to journey with a union carpen- 
ter. He had been thrown out of a job 
of $3.60 a day for eight hours' work. He 
was angry that some other man's trouble 
with his employer had stopped him earn- 
ing 45 cents an hour, and set him walk- 
ing the streets for a month. I wanted 
to employ him, and so a bargain was 
arranged to our mutual delight, when 
he chanced to learn that a neighbor and 
his son, non-union, were working for 
me occasionally to pay an old account. 
Then he would not come and work with 
the very respectable and honest men 
already in my employment." 

Labor combined against the masses is 
as soulless as a board of trade and as 
unreasonable and grasping as a railroad 
corporation and a coal trust. 

Fair wages for fair work is right, and 
is akin to fair labor for fair pay, and 
no man has any more right to withhold 
the labor than another has the right to 
withhold the pay. 


Lead, Sept. 17.— (Special to the Argus- 
Leader.)— This city is enjoying the novelty 
of a full-fledged servant girl's union which 
is modeled on the plan of many labor unions 
and which has adopted, rules likely to throw 
the mistresses into convulsions. At a meet- 
ing of the union recently held a rule was 
provided giving the girls a rest period both 
in the morning and the afternoon and setting 
aside Sunday, Tuesday and Thursday after- 

November, 1902. 


•J 25 

noons as holidays. The rule was adopted 
unanimously. It was further provided that 
double time should be charged for all night 
work and all work on afternoons out. The 
Cook Ladies' Union No. 1 also held a meet- 
ing at which it was decided not to cook any- 
thing which failed to bear the union label 
and not to cook anything which was bought 
from grocers or butchers who did not employ 
union clerks. It Avas decided to at once 
strike in case the employer traded with mer- 
chants not employing union labor or bought 
any stuff except from merchants recognizing 
the union and in case the employer then em- 
ployed non-union help to boycott her and any 
one who sold her food. What the mistresses 
will say about all this remains to be seen. 

The claim is often made, and not with- 
out some reason, that when the. mine 
owners combined against the miners, 
then laborers were compelled to unite to 
maintain their rights. The laws of de- 
mand and supply and the Golden Rule 
were ignored. The servant girls have 
less reason for combining and making 
rules in secret conclave for the control 
of their employers, who pay them for 
cooking their own board, doing their 
own washing and caring for their own 
beds with like service for others. And 
now word comes that — 

"The St. Paul girls have formed a league to 
receive attentions only from union men." 
Marriage always was something on the union 

But, seriously, the servant girls have 
a power which few others of the em- 
ployed classes possess. More than half 
of the employers are helpless women or 
weak women who employ help only be- 
cause they must. If physically able, 
many employers would gladly cook and 
feed and entertain as guests the servant 
girls they are compelled to hire, and de- 
prive themselves of comforts to save 
money to pay. Few classes have more 
arbitrary power committed to them, and 
few have been so slow to use it. The 
St. Paul girls, however, only intend to 
call attention to the fact that they are 
in favor of union. 


Desire joy and thank God for it. Re- 
nounce it, if need be, for others' sake. 
That's joy beyond joy. — Browning. 

''An opportunity for service is an 
occasion for thanksgiving." . 

The Masonic Voice Review says that 
the Templars' and Masons' Life Indem- 
nity Company of Chicago — an associa- 
tion which makes Masonic membership 
a condition of application for insurance 
— furnishes insurance to a young man 
at actual cost, increasing the rate gradu- 
ally as he grows older. Of course it is 
a "step rate" concern. The Voice Re- 
view makes it differ from "any reserve 
life insurance company" because in the 
latter the insured "is required to pay 
not only his share of the losses and ex- 
penses as they occur, but also an addi- 
tional sum, called the reserve," proceed- 
ing further with statements about this 

Yet in the paragraph next preceding, 
the Review says: "In addition to the 
large sum of money paid to the bene- 
ficiaries of its members, the company has 
repaid its policy holders in dividend 
bonds and actual death losses, without 
assessing, half a million dollars more. It 
also has over half a million dollars safely 

Where did it get it ? The only answer 
is, "All saved from the expense account," 
and this appears to relate only to the 
invested half million. In what way can 
expenses produce funds to invest? The 
"expense account" might do it through 
a big overcharge for pretended ex- 
penses, but we cannot explain it in that 
way without figures. 

How could a railroad carry passengers 
for the exact cost of running trains, and 
yet pay dividends and invest funds by 
the half millions? Could a factory sell 
cloth at cost of production and yet make 
a million dollars in eighteen years ? Yet 
here is a concern insuring at cost, yet 
paying not only the beneficiaries more 
than four millions, in eighteen years, but 
also the policy holders themselves halt 
a million, while it keeps on hand half a 
million more. What the Voice moans 
by saying that policy holders arc paid 
"actual death losses." which arc addi- 
tional to what is paid beneficiaries after 
policy holders are dead, is hardly clear. 
The company's own advertisement in 
the same issue says that it is "not an 
investment scheme, but insurance pure 
and simple." We would be glad in the 



November, 1902. 

light of the company's own claim, and 
■ that of the report of the Review, 
to understand how a company can 
add half a million return to policy hold- 
ers themselves, to four million death 
benefit to survivors, and yet have no in- 
vestment feature, but remain pure and 
simple insurance with net cost, step rate 

We would like to understand the 
method of reimbursing policy holders 
still living by payment of "dividend 
bonds" and "actual death losses." 

Ien>0 of §nx Pori 



Wilkesbarre, Pa., Sept. 27. — The 
Mafia has made its appearance in the 
coal strike. Letters have been received 
saying: "Quit work or we'll dynamite 
your houses, kill your wives and babies 
and beat you to death/' They were 
addressed to those miners who went 
back to work. Most of them gave the 
recipients until yesterday to stop. "Oth- 
erwise," to use the language of one of 
them, "you can expect to find pieces oi 
your house within a radius of ten miles, 
because we will put two boxes of dyna- 
mite under it if you do not stop. After 
the deed is done you will find a red cross 
pinned to the gate drawn by the mem- 
bers of society's own blood. We will 
take the dynamite procedure because 
you can't collect any insurance. It will 
also kill your wife and family. Destroy 
this letter after you have read it and go 
home if you wish to escape our ven- 
geance. (X) Beware the Mafia." The 
Citizens' Alliance has offered a special 
reward for the arrest of the senders oi 
these letters. — Chicago Daily News. 

Note. — This sounds like the dark and 
dismal days of the bloody inquisition of 
Spain. Is this "free and equal Ameri- 
ca ?" Our laws against anarchism need 
improvement. The life of the President 
has been environed with protective leg- 
islation, so should be the life of every 
one. (X) Let the Mafia beware ! Mean- 
while, if our legislative lawyers have any 
good laws made for the protection of 
the people against combinations of men 
against the people, trot them out. 

Monday afternoon, Oct. 20, witnessed 
the gathering of a large audience for the 
first session — some eighty delegates be- 
ing present. It was a representative 
meeting. Elder Lipp and Brother Cul- 
lor came from Missouri, and Hon. J. J. 
Bruce from northern Iowa came some 
200 miles. Other friends, too numerous 
to mention, came from near points. 

The Convention of the Iowa Chris- 
tian Association met in the Friends 
Church, Albia, which seats about 300, 
and was well filled at the evening ses- 

In the absence of the President, Secre- 
tary Stoddard called the Convention to 
order. Rev. Bailey was chosen secretary 
pro tern. Later Secretary-elect Brown 
arrived and took up the work so well 
begun by Brother Bailey. 

The first address on Monday evening 
was by Rev. J. F. Hanson, lately from 
Norway. He has been doing evangel- 
istic work in that country for the last 
thirty years. He spoke of his personal 
observations. Before he was of age he 
was urged by a Mason to join the order. 
He was a young Christian and ambi- 
tious, and thought if the Mason's advice 
was true he had better take it. He asked 
his Lord about it in prayer, but got no 
light. He needed Christian instruction, 
and there was no man to give it. He 
was set upon the right track by hearing 
two Masons laughing about the folly of 
parties in Chicago, who had started a 
pa^per to fight the lodge. He received 
light and walked in it, and has been care- 
ful ever since to give to young men 
what he himself had needed — namely, 
light on secret societies. 

Thirty years ago, when he first went 
to Norway, he found that Masonry was 
not a popular institution. The people 
were too poor to bear the expense. Ma- 
sons were generally men of means, and 
quite frequently unbelievers — men who 
said they had no use for Christ. In i860 
the great temperance movement spread 
through Norway, which made about 

November, 3902. 



two-thirds of that people total abstainers. 
Then came men from England and 
America proclaiming something far bet- 
ter than the open temperance societies. 
It was Good Templarism ! They split up 
the temperance forces, and very largely 
sidetracked the movement. 

In 1 90 1 an American came to Norway 
to introduce the Ancient Order of Uni- 
ted Workmen. One of his pleas for 
popularizing it in the minds of the Nor- 
wegians was that President McKinley 
was a prominent member. Brother 
Hanson had noticed in The Christian 
Cynosure an exposition of the A. O. 
U. W., and hence when his countrymen 
came to ask him if he could give them 
any light on this new American product 
he had his old friend, The Cynosure, to 
help him. He offered to translate it .for 
them if they would publish it in the 
papers. This was done, and the people 
concluded that their money came by too 
hard knocks to be invested in such an 
institution. And the American lodge 
emissary was out of business. 

Rev*. W. B. Stoddard was listened to 
with much interest. It seems a great 
pity that the words and the spirit of the 
remarks of Hon. J. J. Bruce and Elder 
Lipp could not be preserved. Their re- 
marks made a deep impression. The 
address of Rev. C. D. Trumbull, D. D., 
was in manuscript, and was so highly 
thought of that it was voted to ask it 
tor publication in The Cynosure. It will 
probably appear in the December num- 
ber. The National Christian Associa- 
tion was asked to print it as a tract. 

Officers for 1002. 

President— Rev. W. C. Allen. 
Yice President — Rev. H. S. Atchison. 
Vice President — Rev. Harry Hays. 
Vice President — Rev. L. Mendenhal. 
Secretary — Rev. Howard Brown. 
Treasurer — A. Branson, New Sharon, 

Invitations for next year's Convention 
came from Birmingham, Iowa, and 
Washington, Iowa. • It was left to the 
Executive to determine the place for 
nexl year. 

The discussions were animated and of 
great interest. The Psalms were sung 
in the devotional services. The solos, 
beautifully rendered by Miss Goodin, 

were cheering. There was a fitting final 
in the grand address given by President 


Albia, Iowa, Oct. 18, 1902. 
Dear Cynosure : 

When we last reported we were on 
the eve of the Wisconsin conference ; 
now the Iowa convention is at* hand. 
The Badger State gathering was all that 
could have been reasonably expected. 
Friends were strengthened, and the 
cause furthered there. The gathering 
here will doubtless be much larger. 

There are three churches in this place 
that unite heartily with us, and others 
are near at. hand. The lodges are much 
stirred, and there are many evidences ot 
approaching conflict, with victory for the 

During the month past it has been my 
fortune to attend a